Military Review

Bulgarian Makarov R-M01

32
Bulgarian Makarov R-M01As stated in the old ad, “Russia is a generous soul,” and the Soviet Union was even more generous, giving many people virtually the opportunity to use their products. This is most clearly seen in the example of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, but this is by no means the only example. Repeatedly met statements about Makarov pistol, that from this weapons you can only shoot, try to refute this statement, at the same time having become acquainted with a sample that is made in the image and likeness of the PM, but is made in Bulgaria. Well, the fact that a weapon is made not only in the country where it was developed, proves its relevance. Of course, the PM is not a universal pistol absolutely for all tasks, but with many it can cope with great success, as well as its quite interesting version of the Bulgarian production.


In 1990, the Arsenal weapons company began creating its own Makarov pistol, which was supposed to be more ergonomic and easy to use, in other words, it was decided to upgrade the weapon. The design of the gun itself, naturally did not touch, but took up the appearance and ergonomics. Immediately, more convenient covers on the handle, a protrusion in the lower part of the store, a safety bracket, and so on, but in order, are striking. The weapon was primarily created as a model for the civilian market, that is, as a weapon of self-defense, for entertaining shooting, and so on. It was also planned to make a service sample, but, naturally, there was no calculation that the pistol would fall into the military environment.The ammunition, which uses a gun, left the same 9x18PM, a model for the cartridge 9x17 was developed separately. For a more comfortable holding of arms, the handle pads were replaced, which really had a positive effect on the holdability and reliability of the grip of the weapon. For more convenient firing from two hands, the shape of the safety bracket was changed, which became rectangular with a slight bend in the front. The changes also affected the cover-shutter, which also differs from the original weapon. First of all, the rear part of the cover-shutter became straight, the notch also changed, becoming longer. The front of the housing has become smoother. The sights of the weapon were decided to be supplemented with white dots for ease of aiming, and the paint is not light accumulative. The store latch was left in its usual place - at the bottom of the pistol grip. The weapon shop was also not changed and remained with the 8 ammo capacity. Decorating weapons can be very diverse from chrome to bluing with different shades, still an option for the civilian market in general.

Automatic weapons built on the scheme with a free gate, that is completely similar to the Makarov pistol. Trigger mechanism double action. The fuse blocks the drummer, removes the trigger from the platoon, locks the sear and the bolt of the weapon. In general, we can say that the P-M01 pistol is the same PM after a good tuning.

Much more interesting is the version of the weapon chambered for and 9х18PM and under 9х19. How to shove designers nevpihuemoe, I personally do not know. And the point here is not only that the automatism with a free gate is not suitable for the relatively powerful cartridge 9x19, but also that the real calibers of bullets of cartridges differ from each other on a millimeter 0,24, and the liner edges have a different diameter. Here either all this disgrace hangs like a pestle in a mortar and has a very low resource and reliability, or it requires the replacement of the barrel of the weapon and the return spring, which has not been confirmed. Nevertheless, there is such a sample of weapons, they even say that it works, so if someone has information on such a universal, then please share.

The Р-М01 pistol used in its time to be in rather high demand, which gradually went away, as other weapon models appeared under the market for more powerful cartridges, although it’s not clear to me personally what the 9х18 with the expansive bullet of active self-defense advocates does not like. In my opinion, this ammunition is more than enough, because the attacker rarely wears a bulletproof vest. Nevertheless, the consumer gave preference to more complex and powerful samples, Arsenal did not lag behind and created a weapon model already under the name Р-МХNUMX with a rather rare and interesting automation system, but this gun is already in the next article.
Author:
Photos used:
weaponland.ru
32 comments
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  1. omsbon
    omsbon 21 May 2013 08: 16 New
    +4
    I never said that PM is a bad gun, just eating guns is better. Of course, the army has long needed another gun, and I propose selling PM to the civilian population as a weapon of self-defense.
    1. avt
      avt 21 May 2013 10: 10 New
      +4
      Quote: omsbon
      Of course, the army has long needed another gun, and I propose selling PM to the civilian population as a weapon of self-defense.

      As a weapon of self-defense, he knows how many years he can serve! good
  2. Fox
    Fox 21 May 2013 08: 21 New
    +2
    "Nevertheless, the consumer gave preference to more complex and powerful samples," - it's like in a movie, whoever has a small penis wants a bigger system ... and the PM is my favorite pistol.
    1. bazilio
      bazilio 21 May 2013 09: 26 New
      +5
      Quote: Fox
      who has a small member, he wants a bigger system

      barrel length compensates for the lack of length elsewhere))))
      1. Peacemaker
        Peacemaker 21 May 2013 11: 08 New
        +4
        Now I understand the love of Hollywood for Dessert Needles winked
        1. il grand casino
          il grand casino 21 May 2013 17: 56 New
          +4
          Well, here rather love of the general American public))). Oh grandfather Freud was right
      2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 21 May 2013 08: 29 New
    +3
    "Although I personally do not understand what the 9x18 with an expansive bullet does not suit the adherents of active self-defense abroad. In my opinion, such ammunition is more than enough, because the attacker rarely wears a bulletproof vest. Nevertheless, the consumer preferred more complex and powerful samples,"

    In a home or street showdown, a cartridge is quite good, but a more powerful weapon, as Fox already wrote:
    Quote: Fox
    , who has a small member, he wants a bigger system ...
  4. bazilio
    bazilio 21 May 2013 09: 24 New
    0
    PM is a good gun. In some kind of documentary (seemingly striking force) they said that at the Tula arms weapons checkpoint the guards were armed with the very first PMs, from the very first batch, and are still working properly.
    Well, the cartridge is for self defense just right. In self-defense, the main task is to stop the aggression, and not to smash the bully’s skull to smithereens.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 21 May 2013 10: 51 New
      +2
      Quote: bazilio
      and not smash the bully’s skull to smithereens.

      It seems that the 9x18 cartridge is able to cope with this task. wink
    2. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 21 May 2013 14: 49 New
      0
      still working properly - WHAT IS IT LIKE? Is the whole hilt in the notches and still in the holster? am
      1. bazilio
        bazilio 21 May 2013 16: 30 New
        0
        Quote: Black Colonel
        WHAT IS IT LIKE? Is the whole hilt in the notches and still in the holster?


        I don’t know, I watched this documentary for a long time.
      2. brelok
        brelok 21 May 2013 19: 43 New
        +2
        Quote: Black Colonel
        still working properly - WHAT IS IT LIKE? Is the whole hilt in the notches and still in the holster? am

        I read somewhere: an American pilot was shot down over Vietnam. Was captured. He fled with an Army Colt and PM. Oil was not with him for a month making his way through the jungle to his own. Colt rusted in the second week. Makarov saved his life. Now hanging in a frame. on the wall. Below is the inscription "The best pistol in the world!"
        1. bazilio
          bazilio 22 May 2013 08: 17 New
          0
          Quote: brelok
          I read somewhere: an American pilot

          This is from the same documentary. Only the flyer of this captured PM at first refused to surrender and take the Colt, and then, after leaving the army, this flyer presented the captured PM to some Pacific Fleet museum, and there they hung a sign over the exhibit like "if you want to know your enemy, find out his weapon"
  5. revnagan
    revnagan 21 May 2013 11: 46 New
    0
    I don't know if the 9x19 PARA cartridge can be used in the PM, but you can shoot from the 9mm "Walter" with the PM 9x18 ...
    1. Pharao7766
      Pharao7766 21 May 2013 12: 00 New
      +3
      There is a PMM, with a new cartridge 9 * 18PMM, a very good device.
      "For this competition, a reinforced version of the 9x18mm PMM cartridge was developed, which had a lighter bullet and an enhanced powder charge, which accelerated the new bullet to 430 m / s instead of the usual 315 m / s."
      +++++++++++
      And about Walther - most likely it is Walther PP Super caliber 9x18 Police or Ultra.
      However, they are not interchangeable with 9x18 PM

      "Attention: despite the same caliber designation of 9x18 Ultra and 9x18 Police cartridges, these ammunition is not interchangeable with Russian 9x18 PM cartridges. An attempt to fire a PP Super pistol with 9x18 PM ammunition can lead to partial or complete destruction of the pistol due to the fact that the diameter bullets of a cartridge 9x18 PM are larger in comparison with the diameters of bullets 9x18 Ultra and 9x18 Police. "
      1. revnagan
        revnagan 22 May 2013 10: 10 New
        0
        Quote: Pharao7766
        As for Walther - most likely it is Walther PP Super caliber 9x18 Police or Ultra. However, they are not interchangeable with 9x18 PM

        No, they were shooting from a "Walter" during the Second World War.
  6. rudolff
    rudolff 21 May 2013 12: 02 New
    +5
    As a weapon of self-defense, the demand for it will still be somewhat limited. Unless he becomes the only available model. I once had a chance to receive a batch of new pistols (Izhevsk production with an adjustable aiming bar) and for the sake of fun I was given to women to indulge. None could distort the shutter. Recoil too tight. By the way, it seems Leonov mentioned this, an astronaut. They were given PM in case of emergency landing of the capsule as a weapon of self-defense, then they also complained about a spring that was too tight. In case of injury to one hand, it is very problematic to jerk the bolt, even resting the gun somewhere.
    It's too hard to call it too easy. Carrying it with you in a holster, man purse or handbag (!) Will be tiring. I would rather keep it in a drawer or in the glove compartment of a car.
    The ejection latch of the store is definitely not functional. If someone decides to take a fright and fools the whole store into the air with a fool, there will be little chance of catching a second store.
    Like it or not, this is still a military toy and is more suitable for former servants who have already dealt with it.
  7. Owl
    Owl 21 May 2013 13: 39 New
    +1
    The funny thing is that during their tuning, the Bulgarians did not replace the front and rear sights with large ones, like the sights of the 6P9 pistol (PB, aiming the gun at the target with them is faster and more convenient, especially in conditions of limited visibility.
  8. Kushadasov
    Kushadasov 21 May 2013 15: 05 New
    +2
    May PM lovers forgive me, it took 6 years (for constant wearing and storage) with this barrel. And so it is with him ... and he did not submit to me, like many of my colleagues. Smeared at the shooting range. Maybe just such hands, I don’t know. With other pistols - it seemed to work out pretty well. In general, PM is not a weapon for everyone))). In general - PM thing is a reliable, beautiful, elegant car, I would say.
    1. the47th
      the47th 21 May 2013 19: 14 New
      +4
      PM has such a drawback: you must be able to shoot from it. Therefore, using it as a standard weapon for officers who, on duty, fire 3 rounds of ammunition once a month is a crime.
      1. builder
        builder 22 May 2013 00: 05 New
        0
        In the army, the gun is so in a very extreme case, the PM can be worn in a holster (pocket) without a break, for one single shot. Anyone will get into the growth target (shooting 3 rounds once a month) from 10-15 m. With his bullet, no matter what part of the body you hit, you will destroy the enemy almost 100%.
        Isn’t it better to carry out full-fledged shooting training with cadet officers than to spend money on weapons that they don’t need? For specialists, a pistol needs a different one (different tasks and different preparations).
        1. the47th
          the47th 22 May 2013 19: 45 New
          0
          Quote: stroitel
          Anyone will get into the growth target (shooting 3 rounds once a month) from 10-15 m. With his bullet, no matter what part of the body you hit, you will destroy the enemy almost 100%.

          That's just the enemy in 99% of cases will be automatic, and he will shoot from 50 meters, at least.
          Quote: stroitel
          Isn’t it better to carry out full-fledged shooting training with cadet officers than to spend money on weapons that they don’t need?

          When I served in the OKIK, I came home mainly for sleep only (sometimes), or to prepare for the party (shift), even on the day of shooting, about a quarter of the officers did not have the opportunity to shoot pathetic 3 rounds, what preparation is there?
  9. Ch0sen1
    Ch0sen1 21 May 2013 16: 37 New
    +2
    At PMa, ergonomics are not up to par, the Bulgarians did a great job of this moment, well done smile
    1. the47th
      the47th 21 May 2013 19: 12 New
      +2
      It's not the same for everybody. Ergonomics, it’s such an infection, some like it, some don’t.
  10. Ilya Mikhalych
    Ilya Mikhalych 21 May 2013 18: 19 New
    +3
    For the army, a pistol is better for a more powerful and widespread cartridge - 9X19 Para. In addition, PM is heavy, Glock in this regard is more convenient, and more powerful. And for self-defense, as for me, the 22LR sports cartridge will do.
  11. Bosk
    Bosk 21 May 2013 19: 48 New
    0
    If you consider that the pistols are mainly used at distances of 10-20 meters ... then Makarych is very good, and the first issues ... so this is generally a fairy tale, the only thing I don't like about him ... is that the cartridges on a couple of three could be more.
  12. Massik
    Massik 21 May 2013 21: 37 New
    +3
    the most noticeable plus is the best reliability, minus - the problem is to hit the target from a distance of more than 30 meters, well, in general, most people from the 30 meters meters can’t hit so it’s not critical)
  13. Bosk
    Bosk 21 May 2013 22: 02 New
    +2
    Quote: Marssik
    the problem is to hit the target from a distance of more than 30 meters

    Well, in a dash at such a distance, you can fill your hand in almost any fluff, but offhand ... this is the current in the wild west and the current according to HOLLYWOOD, according to statistics the slaughter distance is 10-15 meters and on Macar at this distance with its caliber you can really to set a goal, and for long-range ... well, this is Mauser, though such a bandura is only good for a hobbit.
    1. Ilya Mikhalych
      Ilya Mikhalych 22 May 2013 19: 26 New
      0
      If this target is a gopnik or a maniac, then of course Makar will cope, and if the target is a well-protected NATO man, then it is doubtful.
      1. Bosk
        Bosk 22 May 2013 19: 42 New
        0
        My friend somehow got a reservation from Makar ... according to him, after the blow he was not a fighter for a couple of minutes (and he is not a weak guy), and if he weren’t a partner ... then he won’t be able to pass control. The human factor plays a very important role, and partly the bells and whistles.
  14. kay040976
    kay040976 22 May 2013 16: 25 New
    0
    Hello to all.
    Yes, PM is really a weapon of self-defense and attack with an effective range of up to 50 meters! All! It is not clear what the article is about, absolutely. Our (Russian) weapons (weapons), especially from the times of the USSR, have long been produced by almost all countries of the former "Warsaw Pact". And reworking PM is a profitable business, a demand for progress and a change in consumer desires ...
    The author of the article clearly lacks basic technical experience (education) to write such an article ... he does not understand how it is possible to "remake" a chamber with a barrel for a different cartridge ... About how the PM is being remade to our time, whoever wants can simply search in the net (for example - http://guns.allzip.org/topic/81 /87214.html). Believe me, the USSR did not manage with two alterations. And why PM, so here and so everything is clear, recommended, proven, tested, simplest. It can be brought to perfection while new materials (manufacturing methods) appear ... hi
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. kay040976
    kay040976 22 May 2013 21: 36 New
    0
    Characteristics of a standard cartridge for PM.
    9x18 PS gs PPO - a cartridge of law enforcement agencies. Since 2005, it has been produced at the Tula Cartridge Plant, and is supplied to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Federal Security Service and the DOSAAF. Shell bullet with lead core. Bullet weight 6,3 grams; muzzle velocity of 330 m / s; muzzle energy 330—343 J.
    Such a bullet when firing at close range (up to 50 meters) will put anyone who is wearing body armor and inflict shell shock, and if it wasn’t there, it’s an unambiguous hole in the body and torn organs, and the bullet will fly out only in thin, narrow places, if the bone will not hook.
    And you can compare its impact by the formula 1 J = 1 kg · m² / s² = 1 N · m = 1 W · s.
    those. who is smart, let him calculate ... But there is a simpler way, "The Law of Conservation of Momentum": p = m · v, in vector quantities, i.e. at the final speed of the bullet (after the flight up to 250m / s, in contact with the body roughly up to 0.001m / s) tending to zero, we get a mass tending to infinity. Let me explain that the tougher the bulletproof vest, the higher the energy transfer to the body, for this reason the armor is made according to a double principle, and hard and soft screens ... plus undoubtedly the redistribution of the blow over a larger surface of the body, which reduces the general concussion. And let bruise and knockdown then, this is incomparably better than surgery, macrame and therapy ... hi