Military Review

Sniper rifle CB-98 and its further modernization

36
Most recently, there was information that Izhmash updated one of its sniper rifles, namely the CB-98. Since our army has always felt the lack of “bolts”, and of a sufficiently high quality, I think you should write about this, although not very common, but existing weapons, which is also updated. Looking ahead, I would like to note separately that the rifle in the previous version and in the current one is positioned as high-precision, which is not without a fair share of truth. Of course, it cannot be compared with individual samples, but the price of a weapon is very well compared.


The sniper rifle CB-98 was created on the basis of the Record-CISM sporting rifle, but the weapon can be considered to be actually created from scratch, since labor was invested in it no less than when creating a completely new model. The weapon was developed under the leadership of Vladimir Stronsky, like a rifle, superior in its accuracy to the widespread SVD, which in general was not a difficult task, provided that the SVD was self-loading, and the SV-98 was a “bolt”. The weapon comes in two versions, chambered for 7,62x54R and .308 Win, according to the manufacturer, the accuracy of the rifle itself allows you to fire with accuracy of 0,5 MOA, but this is subject to the use of ideal ammunition, which always causes problems.

By itself, the rifle is a regular magazine "bolt". The appearance of the weapon is not the same as in most modern models, and recalls the sporting roots of a rifle, but this does not adversely affect the usability, but rather the opposite. Butt CB-98 has the ability to adjust along its length, as well as the height of the cheek support. The magazine is inserted into the receiver, cut out in the rifle's box, with only its small part coming out, thereby creating the feeling that the magazine is located at a sufficiently large angle relative to the barrel of the weapon. The weapon is equipped with folding, height-adjustable bipod, in addition to them, under the butt can be located another, third. To carry the weapon on the right side of it, a handle can be put upward, or an ordinary belt can be used.

Separately, it should be said about the rifle barrel. It is made by cold forging technology, the bore of the weapon is not chrome plated. Barrel free-hanging, does not touch the weapon anywhere except at the junction with the receiver. A flame arrester, a noiseless firing device can be mounted on the muzzle cut, or the sleeve can be screwed on. It is interesting that a lot of where it is said that supposedly this sleeve creates some resistance at the muzzle, which increases the accuracy of shooting. It seems to me that the accuracy of shooting increases due to the fact that the flame arrester does not have a negative effect on the bullet, and not because the muzzle is deformed or some kind of "stress" is created. This is confirmed by the fact that when using PBS, which, by the way, is available in the original set of weapons, the accuracy is higher than when using a flame arrester. Accordingly, it can be concluded that the flame arrester of the rifle is not the most successful design.

The mass of weapons without optical sight and ammunition is 5,5 kilogram. Shops are double row, with a capacity of 10 cartridges. The length of the weapon is 1270 millimeters, with the barrel length 650 millimeters. The manufacturer himself declares the maximum range of effective fire at a distance of 1000 meters, but then everything depends on the ammunition. The weapon has open sights, and the adjustable rear sight has the ability to adjust with a step of 100 meters to a distance of 600 meters.

In general, the weapon was initially quite good, let's see what was changed in it. And the change in the rifle is not so much. First of all, they added new fastening strips for additional devices. They added a normal pistol grip, and accordingly changed the butt. The flame arrester was modified, as well as a silent shooting device, but no one touched the base of the weapon, it remained completely the same as it was

It seems to me that all these changes were aimed only at the fact that the CB-98 rifle would become competitive in the foreign market, that is, the weapons are actively being prepared for export, which is a little sad. I am more than confident that if the need to modernize weapons was dictated by the domestic consumer, then it would have been produced at best in 5-10 years after the requirements had been formulated. In the military environment, this weapon was not distributed as it will not be. For themselves, "staked out" CB-98 FSB, the Ministry of Justice, and so on, and in fact such an addition would fit perfectly well to the already proven SVD.
Author:
Photos used:
weaponland.ru
36 comments
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  1. Bykov.
    Bykov. 17 May 2013 08: 03 New
    +3
    ... Izhmash updated one of its sniper rifles ...

    Cool! In a series of it and quickly, and even a new cartridge, then ....
    1. edge
      edge 17 May 2013 14: 02 New
      +1
      Quote: Bulls.
      Cool! In a series of it and quickly, and even a new cartridge, then ...

      cartridges so decent that sniper that extra .... with these cartridges our gold for a long time took and held
      1. commentor
        commentor 17 May 2013 23: 18 New
        0
        Alpha with Orsis? For Orsis, they buy cartridges.
        1. woland05
          woland05 18 May 2013 06: 43 New
          0
          Quote: commentor
          Alpha with Orsis? For Orsis, they buy cartridges.


          Why did you get this?
          1. commentor
            commentor 18 May 2013 22: 12 New
            0
            Yes, such a sad fact.
            http://ria.ru/arms/20130418/933324158.html

            In general, ammunition for special units is often purchased from us. Apparently the quality and ballistic characteristics of the western is better.

            More precisely, I can not answer you, I myself am guided by the news.
  2. Slavs69
    Slavs69 17 May 2013 08: 20 New
    13
    Quote: Bulls.
    Class

    No, not a class. I’m quoting an excerpt from a memo from a junior OMON sniper instructor: "SV-98
    The rifle in the unit comes with a sports case. The case is not soft, it does not protect the rifle from possible shocks during transportation. The rifle enters the case only without a sight.

    There are no ballistic tables in the manual of SV-98. Calculations have to be done on the BC calculator, which often does not coincide with the amendments in practice.
    The manual should indicate all ballistic tables (for t, pressure, excess, etc. example: passport of the OSV-96 rifle) for ammunition 7n1, 7n14, "Extra" or at least the initial data for calculating on the BC.
    Upon receipt of the new SV-98 rifle No. ......., when shooting it in the ballistics permit system, after the fourth shot, the trigger broke off her.
    When cleaning the bore of the SV-98 barrel, you have to remove the butt cheek, which is long and dreary. Mounting should provide quick setting and removal of the cheeks. Butt plate adjustment is done with a wrench, although a “lamb” can be put in for adjustment without a tool. On the bed of the rifle there is a rail for installing a sports belt, there is no belt itself.
    The rifle stock is bulky and angular, which is inconvenient during operation, especially after a long carrying in hands and firing a quick shot with a sudden clash. For this reason, snipers departing in the TFR prefer SVD. "
    And also there: "POSP 4-12 x 42W
    Mounting the sight does not fit the SV-98, you have to redo it yourself. The sight has a one-piece bracket, during installation, the alignment of the sight and the bore do not coincide (it is impossible to put linings), as a result of which when aiming the weapon the aim grid is not in the center, but somewhere on the edge. Which leads to difficulty, and sometimes not the possibility of an accurate shot. The clicks of the drum are not constant, which leads to the mixing of the STP. The image in the scope is brighter than in the Dedal scope.
    PPO 5-15 x 50
    On the handwheels of the sight, the numbers are plotted from the side of the lens, which, when amended, leads to unmasking the sniper. The drums are very low and tight have an uneven stroke, rotate with difficulty. Correction angle is designed for shooting no more than 500m. The division price on the drum is not standard, which leads to difficulty and slowdown of calculations. When shooting, after the ninth shot, the sight went out of order, the multiplicity stopped changing, and the point of impact after each shot changes.
    Dedal DS 3-12 x 50 mst
    The body of the sight is made very thin, when the rings of the sight are tightened, it deforms. The parallax detuning drum has no range marking. To eliminate it, the manufacturer recommends that you aim the reticle at the target and shake your head if the retractable reticle sets the drum on the next division and again shake your head, etc. until it is eliminated. "
    The rifle has been in operation since March 2010. According to him, the cost at which they come is sky-high. Cheaper and better Finnish "Tiko"
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 17 May 2013 10: 08 New
      +2
      Spacing according to all the rules. But any new weapon is brought to mind after operation and receipt of comments.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 17 May 2013 21: 15 New
        0
        ".... Interview with the director of Izhmash, Kuzyuk:
        ....
        - The military complain about the poor quality of service and the overpriced price of the special production of your SV-98 sniper rifle. Is this true and how is it planned to solve the problem?

        - If the client is experiencing problems, then we must solve them, and within the framework of our restructuring, we will change the attitude of manufacturers and traders to these problems. The situation with the maintenance of this rifle could be like this, because within the framework of the previous structure, designers, businessmen and industrialists were in different legal structures, the reaction was slow, and the complaints were fair. Now we have changed this situation and made the provision of service a priority, so we will solve the problem. In addition, there were a number of technological complaints to this rifle: it was too complicated, and now we have already developed a rifle with new assembly principles and a new barrel, which will be more maintainable. In addition to the tactical sniper rifle, about which we spoke and around which competition has now unfolded between Izhmash, foreign and even new domestic manufacturers, there is also a semi-automatic sniper rifle. In this class, we produce the Dragunov rifle and in 2013 we plan to complete the development and start testing the new rifle with the best characteristics in this class, and in 2014 put it into service. "

        A source: http://www.vedomosti.ru/library/news...#ixzz1qz9LJegO
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

        "..... as a result of modernization, the SV-98 received a new ergonomic box made of aluminum alloys, on which all modern sights can be mounted." Replacing the box positively affected the accuracy of shooting in difficult combat conditions, since aluminum alloys are more stable at temperature extremes ", - the interlocutor of the agency explained.

        He noted that the upgraded rifle SV-98 will be more technologically advanced in production, and its price will be more competitive ....

        More: http://vpk-news.ru/news/15839

        The price of the SV-98 (before modernization) came across "from 150 thousand rubles for bare and up to 250 thousand in body kit."
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~
    2. Jeka
      Jeka 17 May 2013 17: 08 New
      +7
      I will also give an example of an employee of the special forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in general, it coincides with your excerpt:

      A club, but it shoots well. The passport contains the best group of 10 shots - 8,8 cm per 300 m. Assembly - in the best domestic traditions. When assembling the shutter at the factory, pins were inserted into the holes from below, and a guide plate was attached from above, which should be attached to the shutter by these pins. When attaching the bolt to the rifle, the bar fell down and jammed the bolt. I barely took it apart. Then he wondered how this strap is fastened. Bulky shops, obviously overcomplicated design. Sports unified case included - long for the rifle and does not fit the rifle with a silencer.
      With sights to this rifle the whole epic happened. They entered the unit only with night sights. So they stood idle. Then one good man gave the unit an expensive Zeiss sight - Diavari 2.5-10-50T. A year later they received a 5-15x50 software. Then, after a considerable period of time, we got a Belarusian POSP 4x12-42W sight with mounts under the Weaver bar. Although the rifle is on a Picatinny rail. The fixing pins on the scope bracket, preventing longitudinal displacement, did not fit the guide on the rifle, which was corrected with a file. It turns out that for a couple of years the rifles were not used for their intended purpose due to the lack of sights.
      The rifle is bulky and in terms of maneuverability loses to SVD. In practice, the accuracy of the SVD is quite at the level corresponding to the conditions of its application. In mountainous areas, the weight of the SV-98 is a significant burden. The lack of verification of time and operation reliability forces the sniper to take on the operation of the SVD, SVDS, or VSS, VSK-94. They are proven and reliable, and the SV-98 is often assigned the role of a rifle for competitions.
      KardeN is an employee of a special unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with extensive combat experience in “hot spots”
  3. Apollo
    Apollo 17 May 2013 08: 43 New
    +1
    footage on the above topic

  4. Consul-t
    Consul-t 17 May 2013 08: 51 New
    +5
    Why are we doing better and faster for someone, but for ourselves something like that?
    Why don't we respect ourselves?
    How will they respect us all over the world when we cannot live normally with each other?
    1. ed1968
      ed1968 18 May 2013 12: 20 New
      0
      the eternal problem of Russia
  5. machine gunner
    machine gunner 17 May 2013 09: 02 New
    0
    so this is the main problem in the sight, not the rifle ....
    1. Anat1974
      Anat1974 17 May 2013 20: 17 New
      +1
      Well, yes.
      "When cleaning the bore of the SV-98 barrel, you have to remove the butt cheek, which is long and dreary. The fastening should provide quick setting and removal of the cheek. The butt plate is adjusted using a wrench, although you can put a“ wing ”for adjustment without a tool. On the bed the rifle has a rail for installing a sports belt, there is no belt itself.
      The rifle stock is bulky and angular, which is inconvenient during operation, especially after a long carrying in hands and firing a quick shot with a sudden clash. For this reason, snipers departing in the TFR prefer SVD. "
  6. avt
    avt 17 May 2013 09: 33 New
    +3
    Quote: Slavs69
    Cheaper and better Finnish "Tiko"

    request It looks like all the fixes came down to the pistol grip and the overall design. Sad
    1. edge
      edge 17 May 2013 14: 33 New
      0
      Quote: avt
      It looks like all the fixes came down to the pistol grip and the overall design. Sad

      and everything else is a departure from old technologies (metal for trunks, methods for processing the bore and forming rifling, devices for relieving stresses and temperatures, break-in of recoil, development of gunpowder and calculation of damaging elements)
  7. andrey903
    andrey903 17 May 2013 09: 45 New
    +4
    It has a price like that of the best Westerners, although it does not attract comparison
    1. edge
      edge 17 May 2013 14: 41 New
      +2
      Quote: andrey903
      It has a price like that of the best Westerners, although it does not attract comparison

      Amer’s newest M-24, it’s the same old seventy-year-old with which they worked in Vietnam in a slightly licked condition ...... do not blaspheme your own, it is no worse, but over time it will just be charming (now it is on the technical task level ). Well, and for work there is a fair amount of choice for both trunks and ammunition
  8. andrey903
    andrey903 17 May 2013 09: 47 New
    +1
    she has a price at the level of the best westerns although she does not pull
  9. leonardo_1971
    leonardo_1971 17 May 2013 10: 15 New
    +7
    the rifle is not bad. worked with her. Belarussian optics came to our detachment. after several shots the brand fell on one side. an interesting corruption decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs bought sights of 7 thousand rubles, and for citizens it cost 2.500 rubles in the store. good optics didn’t cost such money maybe the Chinese binoculars are cheaper. the guys bought good sights for their money. lyupold. nai frost. etc. But in Chechnya I took an old proven SVD.
    1. the47th
      the47th 17 May 2013 11: 29 New
      +2
      Quote: leonardo_1971
      Chechnya, I took the old tested SVD.

      And rightly so. SV-98, given the power of the ammunition, provides fire for the same 600 m, but it is more capricious (if only because the barrel is not chrome-plated), and less rapid-fire. But the presence of a silencer in the kit is good.
  10. bootlegger
    bootlegger 17 May 2013 11: 21 New
    +1
    The mass of weapons without an optical sight and ammunition is 5,5 kilograms.

    Something it is heavy for such calibers. Such weight would be good for a rifle under caliber 338LM.
    Of course, the increased weight of the rifle always positively affects its accuracy, but then it is more likely a sports rifle.
  11. ivantitanium
    ivantitanium 17 May 2013 12: 00 New
    +4
    The rifle as a whole is not bad, with easy modernization (bipod, muzzle, normal. Opt. Sight) it becomes very wow! In my opinion, the biggest problem is that the barrel is not chrome-plated, the cleaning lasts for long hours (even with good chemistry), and the barrel is very susceptible to corrosion (even with proper use). SVshka is a “police” rifle, so to speak, for work in the city or for a separate exit for a sniper pair. Well, in the forest, mountains, etc. As part of the group, I think SVDshka will be more useful (rate of fire and mobility).
    1. the47th
      the47th 19 May 2013 09: 50 New
      0
      Quote: ivantitanium
      In my opinion, the biggest problem is that the barrel is not chrome-plated, the cleaning lasts for long hours (even with good chemistry), and the barrel is very susceptible to corrosion (even with proper use).

      The barrel without chrome shoots more closely. Many expensive chrome plating bolts do not.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 19 May 2013 10: 34 New
        0
        Quote: the47th
        Many expensive chrome plating bolts do not.

        Our plans to make a barrel of stainless steel.
  12. volan
    volan 17 May 2013 12: 34 New
    +2
    And what Ministry of Justice does it need?
  13. alex-cn
    alex-cn 17 May 2013 13: 02 New
    +1
    Quote: volan
    SVshka is a “police” rifle, so to speak, for work in the city or for a separate exit for a sniper pair.
    that's probably what you need to talk about. How many high-class specialist snipers in the army need such a rifle. more in other sia departments. And most of the tasks in the army will be solved by the SVD.
  14. Massik
    Massik 17 May 2013 18: 09 New
    +2
    This is confirmed by the fact that when using PBS, which, incidentally, is available in the initial set of weapons, accuracy is higher than when using a flame arrester
    That pancake came up with PBS, this sound diffuser and not as PBS, similar to the ATG on the AK-74. Here's how, but in our OSPN (since 2010) this rifle fires quite normally 10-20 rounds at a time and nothing breaks there.
    In mountainous areas, the weight of the SV-98 is a significant burden. The lack of verification of time and operation reliability forces the sniper to take on the operation of the SVD, SVDS, or VSS, VSK-94. They are proven and reliable.
    I heard a lot from someone, I’m also special, the main reason why they don’t take St. 98 to the mountains is not at all, they don’t take it because there is a maximum fighting distance of 50-100 meters, there’s a bolt rifle to throw it into a fire for firewood Vsk or Vss for the eyes is enough.
    1. evgen2124
      evgen2124 18 May 2013 00: 12 New
      +1
      I support! the user of this unit itself! by the way there is no accuracy with the diffuser above! and the speed of the bullet decreases, due to which there is a decrease in negative factors per bullet when fired! moreover, the bullet drop with and without PBS differs by half a meter at a distance of 300m! main disadvantage: poor build quality and overweight for such a caliber! 4-4,5 kg is enough! the store is overcomplicated, the nest for it is too deep, which greatly complicates the quick change and the latch is unreliable! but in principle, the file and labor will grind everything! about ballistic tables excuses are ridiculous! the sniper should know the ammo data by heart! and ideally, the special weapon should collect it itself, which is what experienced shooters do! the accuracy is normal for our caliber! you can put DTK (they are on the Internet!) It will be even better, but the barrel’s wear will increase! Plus-adjustment of the pulling force! In principle, a good thing against other similar products!
  15. tracer
    tracer 18 May 2013 04: 45 New
    0
    Guys, the rifle of course is "good", but also bad at the same time. Why? Without going into details, I’ll say at least what I have already seen for a long time (4 years ago). Rifles sniper and sport-hunting. They are completely made of metal. Aluminum receivers, aluminum orthopedic stocks and free-floating trunks. It is interesting that there are opportunities to change trunks as quickly as possible, which is theoretically possible in general. The trunk was demolished ... Nafig, and after 60 seconds a new set. The calibers in these new systems are also changing, due to the shutters and shops, of course, the trunks. ... I do not want to hang pictures. The entire Internet is littered with such weapons. Orsis is certainly a step ahead in accuracy ... But men, each (well, almost), a good hunting and sports rifle in the North American market is MINUTE. It is necessary to invent what to create a new, tear-off technical solution. Because, do not catch us sniper weapons of high accuracy with traditional solutions. Think for yourself .....
    1. evgen2124
      evgen2124 19 May 2013 12: 58 New
      0
      all rests so far in creating a new ammunition! 7,62x54r is certainly good and its production has been worked out! but it’s necessary to create a new cartridge and, above all, new equipment for its production! without this, we’ll stagnate!
  16. uzer 13
    uzer 13 18 May 2013 19: 38 New
    -1
    This rifle, of course, will not compete with the SVD and is not ready to take it into service. For it there are no sights or cartridges. It is nothing more than a copy of foreign analogues, and will not be able to compete with them, because it is hopelessly late with its appearance. In the army, she appeared for a very simple reason - no one is buying it on the foreign market. The same thing has long been released in China, and the sights too, but at a price go up to 10 times cheaper. An open sight on such a gun is obvious anachronism, and attach it to a sniper rifle can only people with poor syndrome and where the optical sight is still considered a luxury. So, will we support our (almost domestic) Chinese manufacturer?
    1. uzer 13
      uzer 13 19 May 2013 13: 30 New
      -1
      I can add that such a rifle, of course, is needed. It’s only customary to create a new cartridge first. Why did you make an aluminum box? Do we have no more winter? Or did the whole tree run out? The stainless steel for the trunks is also full, you can order any metal if we don’t cook in the cupola ourselves. If you recall the old Mauser-98, with its original cartridge, the production of which was started in 1898, it turns out that it is in no way inferior to this modern rifle in terms of battle accuracy, and surpasses it by an order of magnitude in reliability. locked up!
  17. alex-cn
    alex-cn 19 May 2013 15: 21 New
    0
    Actually - why is the Mauser shutter old? most rifles, especially in Europe, come with him or his modifications. By the way, as a target, it costs higher than Mosinsky.
  18. roma-belij
    roma-belij 7 July 2013 17: 17 New
    0
    Argue - do not argue, but the devil is still good)))
  19. Dmitriy24r
    Dmitriy24r 30 September 2014 12: 06 New
    0
    My precious! smile
  20. air wolf
    air wolf 11 November 2014 11: 22 New
    0
    SVD still steers ...