Military Review

On the importance of air defense and missile defense

38
The state program of rearmament of the army continues and there are constantly reports of the supply of certain types weapons or technology. In February of this year, it was reported that in recent years, the share of new weapons has increased by 10%. So, in 2008, the figure was six percent, and as of the end of 2012, it increased to 16%. In the future, the growth of the share of new weapons and equipment will continue. According to current plans, in 2020, the troops will have at least 70% new weapons and equipment. The first major milestone in the current rearmament will be 2015 year. It is at this time that it is planned to reach the bar in 30%.




When planning the procurement of a military vehicle, it is necessary to take into account the prospects for its use and the need for a specific type of weapon. In the current situation, the priority of such an analysis becomes particularly relevant, since the overwhelming majority of the weapons currently being purchased are to be used after the 2020 year. The importance of this period in his February speech was emphasized by the Chief of the General Staff, Colonel-General V. Gerasimov. According to him, by the year 2030 probably a significant increase in the level of existing threats. In addition, by this time there may be new threats that must also be taken into account when drawing up plans.

According to the chief of general staff, in the future, wars and related threats will concern three things: fuel and energy resources, product sales markets, and living space. In the struggle for access to these resources and markets, the leading countries of the world will by the end of the twenties, or even earlier, begin to actively use their military potential. Already, there are the first armed conflicts with similar premises. In connection with such new threats, our armed forces should be developed, since Russia is the largest state on the planet, and also has many deposits of various natural resources.

Taking into account the experience of recent conflicts, it can be assumed that air defense and missile defense systems will have a special priority in future wars. Currently, the Almaz-Antey concern continues to assemble the C-400 Triumph anti-aircraft missile systems, which in the future will become the basis of the country's air defense. These complexes are capable of fighting aerodynamic and ballistic targets at distances up to 400 kilometers. According to various estimates, the capabilities of the C-400 air defense system will effectively protect the country's air borders until the end of the twenties. By the end of the current state program of rearmament - 2020 year - it is planned to purchase several dozen batteries of such anti-aircraft complexes.

In the second half of the current decade, another similar system will join the existing C-300P and C-400 family air defense systems. The Prometheus C-500 complex (Triumphant-M) is currently being developed, but its creation is likely to be approaching the beginning of the trials. A few years ago it was claimed that the first C-500s could be on duty at the end of the 2013 of the year, but further events corrected these plans a little. According to the latest data, Prometheus will be adopted no earlier than 2015-16. According to reports, the characteristics of this complex will allow you to deal with hypersonic aerodynamic and ballistic targets. Some sources claim that the C-500 will be able to destroy ballistic targets flying at speeds up to 6-7 kilometers per second.

© RIA News, Infographics. Ilya Kanygin / Filipp Katz / Alexander Volkov / Denis Kryukov / Maria Mikhailova


Thus, with the entry into service of the C-500 complex, aerospace defense troops will significantly increase their combat capabilities. They will be able to intercept both aircraft and cruise missiles of the enemy, and ballistic ammunition of several classes. However, missile defense with C-500 alone may not be sufficient. To effectively protect against existing and prospective threats, a specialized missile defense system is also required, which by its characteristics will correspond to or even surpass the A-135 and A-235 complexes.

14 in May, a spokesman for the Russian president, D. Peskov, said that at present the country's leadership and the command of the armed forces are discussing the creation of new anti-missile defense systems, as well as the prospects for the enemy’s missile defense systems. Naturally, the details of these discussions at the highest level have not yet become public knowledge, but the very fact of holding such a meeting speaks volumes. Probably, we can already say that in the near future discussions will spill over into the beginning of a new project.

The state of the existing anti-missile systems currently leaves much to be desired, and in the future it will only get worse. Therefore, in the very near future, it is necessary to create a new complex, which can be put on duty before the warranty periods of the available antimissile systems expire. Obviously, it is too early to talk about the characteristics and timing of the creation of a new complex, but the meeting in the higher echelons of power already allows us to make some assumptions.

Recent statements by the country's leadership and the Ministry of Defense serve as a fairly transparent hint that in the future Russian manufacturers of weapons and military equipment will continue to create new systems, including anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems. In the light of the threats of future decades, and taking into account the appearance of recent wars, this very direction of the defense industry can dramatically affect the course of an armed conflict or even prevent it.


On the materials of the sites:
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  1. Lavrik
    Lavrik 16 May 2013 07: 38 New
    +3
    Keep it up! It is only necessary to tighten the ABM to the same level.
    1. Mitek
      Mitek 16 May 2013 09: 21 New
      11
      As British scientists have proved, the presence of rich minerals in the country and the absence of strong air defense in this country leads to the fact that democracy can start there ...
      1. astra
        astra 17 May 2013 15: 38 New
        +3
        Quote: Mitek
        As British scientists have proved, the presence of rich minerals in the country and the absence of strong air defense in this country leads to the fact that democracy can start there ...

        Well said! I heard somewhere else:
        - Do not be weak!
        - For we will have to attack you.
    2. Russian
      Russian 16 May 2013 09: 37 New
      10
      Only it isn’t recorded anywhere that they write off technology much more than they enter the new troops. And so, of course, we’ll upgrade to 70%, write off 200 aircraft, buy 50 and shout about large-scale rearmament.
      1. Praetorian
        Praetorian 16 May 2013 17: 21 New
        0
        I agree with you, plus.
      2. MAN
        MAN 16 May 2013 17: 39 New
        +5
        Quote: р_у_с_с_к_и_й
        Only it isn’t recorded anywhere that they write off technology much more than they enter the new troops. And so, of course, we’ll upgrade to 70%, write off 200 aircraft, buy 50 and shout about large-scale rearmament.

        But the point is to inflate the state? he is so HUGE. For example: a PAK FA aircraft is capable of performing the tasks of 2-4 aircraft, such as the Su 27, with even greater efficiency. And the point is to pay for the maintenance of 3 aircraft, when you can pay for the maintenance of ONE, and the sense of it will be the same or even more ???
        1. Russian
          Russian 16 May 2013 21: 00 New
          +1
          Quote: MAN
          But the point is to inflate the state? he is so HUGE. For example: a PAK FA aircraft is capable of performing the tasks of 2-4 aircraft, such as the Su 27, with even greater efficiency. And the point is to pay for the maintenance of 3 aircraft, when you can pay for the maintenance of ONE, and the sense of it will be the same or even more ???


          Well, to begin with, before the adoption of the PAK FA system, how much time elapses will not be understood, and this new technology will have all kinds of childhood illnesses, and they still need to be brought to mind.
          But that is not the question. We have the largest country in the world, with a huge supply of resources that everyone wants to snatch for themselves. And to protect such an extended territory there must be strong and numerous air forces. There, not so long ago there was an article about Singapore, on a world map the size of a head from a match, and what the Air Force! Therefore, if we have 50 of these PAK FAs there, this will not solve the problem! We need a well-thought-out and complementary air fleet, and transporters, and bombers, fighters, attack aircraft (I'm not special in this matter, maybe I missed something, I apologize.
          Thus, quality is certainly good, but do not forget about quantity.
          1. MAN
            MAN 20 May 2013 18: 18 New
            0
            it was an example that 1 unit of equipment can sometimes replace 2-3 units of a similar purpose. By your logic, you can rivet a bunch of IL-2 or Yak-9 and let them fly! fool to hell with the development of technology !!!!!!! why one machine when there are 100 batons! laughing But seriously, our country does not have so many human resources to have an army of 3-4 million (that is exactly what is needed to fully protect the borders of our country with you). If so many men will "drive a fool" so to speak wink then who will work and produce that number of equipment to support our army ??? what
        2. reichsmarshal
          reichsmarshal 16 May 2013 22: 50 New
          -2
          PAKFA is a stillborn project. After 2025, manned aircraft, all sorts of Harmans-Kozheduba there, will simply become history: drones that do not risk pilots are power! But our generals, as always preparing for the past war!
          1. family
            family tree 16 May 2013 23: 18 New
            +3
            Quote: reichsmarshal
            PAKFA is a stillborn project. After 2025, manned aircraft, all sorts of Harmans-Kozheduba there, will simply become history: drones that do not risk pilots are power! But our generals, as always preparing for the past war!
            Predictors divorced ... You are not called Nostradamus Vangovich Globa?
          2. staser
            staser 17 May 2013 01: 16 New
            +2
            What are you belay
            F-35 - drone, Chengdu J-20 - drone, I am silent about the unmanned aircraft F-22, Rafale, Typhoon.
            Okay, jokes aside. Have you seen unmanned fighters now? Yes, there are strike drones, but I did not hear about fighters of air superiority. And PAK-FA is primarily a fighter.
      3. tungsten
        tungsten 16 May 2013 18: 23 New
        +2
        And if half of these 200 is in poor condition and does not fly, then everything is not so bad
      4. DRUG DRUG
        DRUG DRUG 17 May 2013 02: 27 New
        -1
        Quote: р_у_с_с_к_и_й
        Only it isn’t recorded anywhere that they write off technology much more than they enter the new troops. And so, of course, we’ll upgrade to 70%, write off 200 aircraft, buy 50 and shout about large-scale rearmament.

        The effectiveness of military equipment is determined not by quantity, but by quality, as well as the training of personnel.
    3. Sakhalininsk
      Sakhalininsk 16 May 2013 12: 53 New
      +2
      Quote: Lavrik
      Keep it up! It is only necessary to tighten the ABM to the same level.


      Very impudent Saxons do not like us for our complexes .... especially air defense.
  2. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 16 May 2013 07: 54 New
    0
    "On the importance of air defense and missile defense"

    Did anyone doubt it? This is the most important, as Ilyich said, component of the armed forces.
  3. Dima190579
    Dima190579 16 May 2013 08: 01 New
    +3
    When I played various space strategies, I thought why spend money on the purchase of one or another unit if science produces an advanced model. So I always lost my opponents always overwhelmed me with simple products.
    Thank God that during the Soviet Union, our leaders perfectly understood the importance of air defense in modern warfare and created formidable weapons that even in the infamous 90, our sworn "friends" did not have the thought of attacking Russia; they all acted with the wrong hands. Now Russia has a unique opportunity to create weapons from which the whole world will tremble and our "friends" will not have problems with constipation (go to the toilet for the most part). Respect only power. Mattresses perfectly demonstrate this. The main thing is to find a worthy enemy. History shows that if a strong state finds a weak adversary (from a technical point of view), it then degrades.
  4. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 16 May 2013 08: 07 New
    +8
    Air defense must clearly adhere to its motto "I myself do not fly and I will not give it to others!" laughing
    1. Denis_SF
      Denis_SF 16 May 2013 08: 23 New
      +9
      Quote: Landwarrior
      Air defense must clearly adhere to its motto "I myself do not fly and I will not give it to others!" laughing

      The correct motto)
  5. Bongo
    Bongo 16 May 2013 08: 23 New
    13
    Today, in our country only Moscow and the region are adequately closed. In the radar field there are a lot of "holes", for the S-400 air defense missile system launched in insignificant quantities, missiles from the S-300ПМ-1, С-300ПМ-2 air defense systems are used.
    The release of new long-range missiles is not adjusted.
    God forbid that all these plans in question be implemented ...
    1. scliss
      scliss 16 May 2013 11: 41 New
      +4
      You think right. There are S-400-500 complexes, but there are no missiles for them.
      But we shout to the whole world.
      1. Nitup
        Nitup 16 May 2013 12: 35 New
        -1
        Quote: scliss
        You think right. There are S-400-500 complexes, but there are no missiles for them.
        But we shout to the whole world.

        How not? There are rockets under the S-400
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 16 May 2013 13: 54 New
          +4
          For C-400 today, no rockets are manufactured; rockets from the latest C-300P versions are used. Thus, the C-400 complex is not able today to realize all the potential inherent in it.
          1. Nitup
            Nitup 16 May 2013 14: 12 New
            -4
            Long-range missiles are mass-produced or not, I don’t know. But these missiles passed tests not so long ago and were ready for production.
            1. Bongo
              Bongo 16 May 2013 15: 32 New
              +4
              So study a question and you will know. If they are "ready", then why not produced?
              1. family
                family tree 16 May 2013 23: 31 New
                +1
                40N6E was tested a year ago. Range up to 400km. And why did you decide that it is not produced? No public sale? So four hundred, it seems they are not sold at all on the side until their air defense is full.
  6. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 16 May 2013 09: 32 New
    +4
    The main thing is moving. And in the right direction. Amer with their patriots behind and for a long time. Now only C-400 and C-500 in the system reduce and there will be a full order.
  7. mogus
    mogus 16 May 2013 10: 00 New
    +5
    born to crawl should not fly
    1. scliss
      scliss 16 May 2013 11: 43 New
      +2
      This is a coverage scheme for AWACS stations for detecting missile launches.
      The article is about air defense. And the situation with air defense cover, especially from the Arctic, is not at all encouraging.
  8. k220150
    k220150 16 May 2013 10: 31 New
    +4
    The attitude of society towards the problems noted can be seen in such a trifle; if you type the name Efremov in the search engine, it will always be Misha’s half-drunken swindler, not Ivan Antonovich or Herbert Aleksandrovich, if anyone doesn’t know, Chelomei’s heir to the NPO Mashinostroyeniya in Reutov (I recommend his last interview).
  9. Nitup
    Nitup 16 May 2013 11: 11 New
    -1
    However, missile defense using the S-500 complex alone may not be sufficient. Effective protection against existing and prospective threats also requires a specialized missile defense system, which in its characteristics will correspond to or even exceed the A-135 and A-235 missile defense systems.

    So, like, it was reported that the S-500 was equal in combat capabilities to the A-235 system
  10. postman
    postman 16 May 2013 11: 47 New
    +4
    Quote: Nitup
    So, like, it was reported that the S-500 was equal in combat capabilities to the A-235 system

    This, in principle, cannot be.
    Just look at the dimensions of the interceptor and the TK (the A-235 does not have a TPK. Otherwise it will be HOW TOPOL)




    TTX missiles A-925 / 51T6
    Length - 19.8 m (22 m according to other data)
    Length 1 steps - 8 m
    Length 2 steps - 7 m
    Diameter - 2.57 m
    Weight - 45000 kg (most likely 33000 kg according to other dubious data)

    Range - 320-350 km
    Ultimate Range - 600 Km
    Range is supposedly possible - about 900 km

    Warhead type - nuclear power up to 10-20 kT or from 1 Mt to 2-3 Mt (according to other data) or 1.4 Mt (according to third data) developed by VNIIEF (Arzamas-16) under the general supervision of Y. Khariton. In the process of development, the power of warheads is reduced by 2 times (in order to reduce the impact on elements of the missile defense system).

    Engines:
    - 1 stage - solid propellant rocket engine developed by Kazan ICD "Soyuz", general designer PF Zubets
    Operating time - 5 s

    - 2 stage - marching rocket engine from the A-350 missile of the A-35 missile defense system developed by the Leningrad NPO named after V.Ya. Klimova, the central marching chamber and 4 controlled PTZ cameras. The engine could be repeatedly started during the flight, the full production of fuel components was also ensured.


    missiles 40N6M [/ b] improved 48N6E3
    1. patsantre
      patsantre 16 May 2013 21: 27 New
      0
      Quote: Postman
      Range - 320-350 km
      Ultimate Range - 600 Km
      Range is supposedly possible - about 900 km


      smiled
      1. postman
        postman 16 May 2013 22: 12 New
        0
        Quote: patsantre
        smiled

        Yes, it is normal.
        Like any missile, it can be shot at ballistic (this case will withstand loads).
        Moreover, according to 51T6, the data are not disclosed.
        What they are so rich and happy ..
  11. Klementev_Sergey
    Klementev_Sergey 16 May 2013 12: 53 New
    -1
    The statement that "the leading countries of the world by the end of the twenties or even earlier will begin to actively use their military potential" is scary. And can "a few dozen batteries of such anti-aircraft systems" save?
    1. patsantre
      patsantre 16 May 2013 21: 27 New
      +1
      Is that a little to you?
  12. Rrv
    Rrv 16 May 2013 14: 14 New
    +8
    ---------------------
  13. redwar6
    redwar6 16 May 2013 15: 17 New
    +5
    Something like that.
  14. azilan
    azilan 16 May 2013 16: 42 New
    0
    two months ago, a successful missile test under the s-500 passed.
    1. postman
      postman 16 May 2013 22: 20 New
      0
      Quote: azilan
      about two months ago a successful missile test under the s-500 passed

      Right?
      It was stated
      2012: Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern begins construction of new factories for the production of the latest S-500 air defense systems. The development of anti-aircraft missile systems S-500 should be completed in 2015 cityInitially, they will use missiles from the S-400 Triumph.
      S-500 own missiles ─ 40Н6М, 77Н6-Н and 77Н6-Н1 ─ will acquire probably, in 2014-2015.

      Now
      The Russian concern Almaz-Antey, continues to develop a new S-500 Prometheus anti-aircraft missile system, which by 2020 should replace the S-400 complex, which is now being introduced into the troops.
  15. Larus
    Larus 16 May 2013 17: 09 New
    +3
    This is of course a very necessary thing of air defense, but do not forget about the mood in society. In our society, for example, there are very few liberal hamsters waiting for NATO tanks, while the majority of citizens have a negative attitude towards NATO, or the "world community." The example of Iraq shows a completely different thing.
  16. ivantitanium
    ivantitanium 16 May 2013 19: 38 New
    0
    Definitely, the country is moving in the right direction ... The beginning has already been given, and in the future, the domestic defense industry will gain momentum ... Glory to RUSSIA!
  17. sys-1985
    sys-1985 16 May 2013 20: 35 New
    +2
    In Nizhny Novgorod, construction began on the production of missiles for the S-400 and S-500 systems.
  18. Seraph
    Seraph 16 May 2013 21: 19 New
    +2
    It’s even a shame that the ongoing positive processes in the country are perceived everyday. Though not huge yet, but achievements: especially in the field of armaments. It’s a pity that the liberal public is a bit liberal, but it reduces them from what is happening to their cheekbones: weapons again! and high-quality Russian plumbing ?! where are our competitive cars ?! give free love instead of guns! It’s a pity for the wretched ... God grant us healthy children who love the Motherland not for “what did she give me?”, Wise and decisive leaders, more modern weapons and excellent commanders and fighters
  19. zinander
    zinander 16 May 2013 22: 38 New
    +3
    According to Marat Musin, s-300 systems have already been delivered to Syria.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 17 May 2013 02: 44 New
      +5
      It is doubtful ....
  20. Do not care
    Do not care 17 May 2013 00: 55 New
    +1
    Quote: stock buildbat
    Amer and his patriots lagged far and long. Now only the S-400 and S-500 are brought together in the system and there will be a complete order.


    You are probably not familiar with the American missile defense system.
    PAC3 is the last (4th level). Before him is still a ground THAAD (altitude / range - 150/250) and a marine Aegis with an SM3 missile (altitude / range - 250/500).
    Development of the GBI rocket for the 1st level has been discontinued due to the fact that the next modification of the SM3 Block 2B should reach an interception range of 2000 km and cover the GBI coverage area.
    All missiles of the system are equipped with a "Hit-to-Kill" (direct hit) warhead, which is only in the future on the S-500
    1. Reserve buildbat
      Reserve buildbat 17 May 2013 07: 55 New
      +2
      I know that. But there is also information that the accuracy of these antimissiles is so much lower than that declared by the manufacturer, that it is extremely difficult to hit any object and the expenditure on the target is much higher than 1-2 rockets.
  21. sys-1985
    sys-1985 17 May 2013 11: 57 New
    0
    There are many fools in Russia, but not all. It’s just that for (let's try) they’re not trying to do anything massively in ABM). It's expensive!
  22. azilan
    azilan 18 May 2013 09: 55 New
    0
    Quote: Postman
    Right?

    Right! We are making some components for the missiles themselves, or rather we are working out the technology, there was news that the launch was successful. Perhaps it was only testing the operation of the mechanisms of the product.