Military Review

China is one step away from the Arctic

Over the past few days, the People’s Republic of China has received the most attention from various geopolitical structures of the world. Moreover, in some cases it is difficult to understand whether the Chinese authorities themselves gave a reason for engaging in their international activities, or is it simply the notorious “world community” that breathes unevenly (in different senses of these words) in relation to China.

One of the information reasons to pay close attention to China is associated with the data that represents the main state edition of the People's Republic of China "People's Daily". According to the information of this publication, China hopes that it will be accepted as permanent observers of the Arctic Council, whose regular meeting is being held in the Swedish city of Kiruna. Recall that while the members of the Arctic Council (AU) in addition to the Russian Federation are the USA, Sweden, Canada, Finland, Iceland, Denmark and Norway. China is still a temporary observer at the Arctic Council, whose status keeps China in limbo and clearly does not allow it to show all its ambitions in terms of the development of the Arctic region.

China is one step away from the Arctic

It is noteworthy that even before the opening of the next (already VIII) session of the Arctic Council, the Chinese newspaper “Renmin Ribao” managed to present material that allegedly Russia, Canada, Norway and several other countries of the Arctic Council supported China’s application for the right to become a permanent observer at the AU with certain further perspectives in this international organization. After such statements in the Chinese press had to speak different representatives of the countries that were announced by Chinese journalists as "supporting the aspirations of China." It turned out that, for example, the Canadian side does not see the need to provide countries that do not have any territorial relationship to the Arctic, not only the status of a member of the Arctic Council, but even the status of permanent observer. The motivation of the official Ottawa is to ensure that consideration at the session of the issues of granting permanent observer status at the AU to the same China can distract Council members from the pressing problems of the Arctic region.

Commented on the publication in the People's Daily and the Norwegian side. The official Oslo has not yet commented on the situation regarding the support or non-support of the application of the PRC to receive permanent observer status in the Arctic Council, but the Norwegian press did not remain indifferent to this application. Immediately, several Norwegian newspapers called on the leadership of their country not to vote for China to receive permanent observer status at the AU, linking this with the fact that China “had a bad reaction to the Nobel Peace Prize Liu Xiaobao” - a participant in the 1989 events of Beijing’s Tiananmen Square. And it seems that Liu Xiaobao was not presented with the award yesterday, but Norwegian journalists continue to link the Chinese demarche on this occasion with his desire to get observer status: they don’t want to put up with the Xiaobao award, so get “no” from Oslo in Swedish Kiruna .

However, regarding the Canadian and Norwegian materials, the Chinese in their inherent spirit continue to bend their line, declaring that the Arctic region will benefit from obtaining the status of permanent observer from the Middle Kingdom to the Arctic Council. According to the head of the Chinese company CEN, Han Xiaoping, the likelihood of obtaining this status by China today is higher than ever. The reason for this is that China could implement large-scale Arctic projects with the help of large investments in the region. One of such projects is the Chinese side itself who sees the development of maritime transport in the Arctic Ocean, for which it intends to intensify work on the construction of new powerful icebreakers. At the same time, China, without any doubt, calls itself the largest manufacturer of marine equipment, which could serve for the development of the Arctic. They say, well, let it be that there are several thousand kilometers from the northernmost point of China to the same Arctic Ocean, but we are building icebreakers, which means it’s time to take us to the Arctic Council.

In such a situation, frank Chinese pressure will be quite difficult for the Russian side. Not only that the leading Chinese media have already managed to express Moscow’s full support for China’s aspirations in obtaining permanent observer status, but Russia is also quite transparent from Beijing hinting at the fact that they do not forget what country Xi Jinping has done first official overseas visit.

The situation for the Russian Federation is really twofold. After all, on the one hand, China seems to be a strategic partner for the Russian Federation, with which we have similar positions on many geopolitical issues, but on the other hand, the more the Arctic Council swells (even if only by observers), the more willing will be willing to lend a hand to the Arctic wealth. Already today the number of observers who are far from all close to the Arctic region is quite large: Germany, France, Poland, Spain, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom (together the EU). These countries are not able to make decisions like, for example, full members of the Arctic Council, but as they say, everything flows, everything changes. Who knows what will happen, for example, in a couple of years. After all, when the Arctic Council itself was created, few could have imagined that already after a short time afterwards, incoming applications from different countries of the world would have to be considered in advance, indicating interest in the Arctic. And after all, all these applications are supported by approximately the same arguments: they say we (the applicants) want to help implement only environmental projects, protect the nature of the North, or improve transport routes. It is noteworthy that no one talks about that lacquer piece, for the sake of which everyone is trying to break into the Arctic Council. And the tidbit is the untold resources with which the Arctic is rich.

Well, if everyone who wants to get closer to the Arctic Council wants to improve the ecology in the region or allocate funds for the development of transport infrastructure, then why do we need an indispensable membership or “observation” in the AU? You can do this in private. But here's the catch that privately neither the EU nor China wants to do this. In Beijing, after all, they are well aware that no private initiatives will bring this state closer to a hypothetical acquisition of the right to use Arctic resources in the future. And to think that China will stop solely on the position of a bystander, who will only contemplate how others are trying to divide the Arctic, is naive. China needs legal prerequisites in order to gain access to the resource base of the richest region, which, so far, de jure, let's say, is "neutral." But after all, the whole “no one's” may sooner or later find a master ...

So in such a difficult situation to undertake the Russian delegation in the Swedish city of Kiruna? Fully feel the friendship with China and finally let Peking into the Arctic, or, using more elaborate policies, politely and beautifully leave the Eastern Dragon on its territory. But if it is “polite and beautiful”, then another question arises: can our delegation? In general, the fate of not only the Arctic region, but also the protection of the interests of Russia in this region depends on the art of Russian diplomats to be professional diplomats.

If we talk about the only state that expresses unequivocal support to China in terms of obtaining permanent observer status with the Arctic Council, then this is Iceland. The reason is that since the beginning of the economic crisis, Iceland has become significantly dependent on Chinese investment. There is even a free trade agreement between Reykjavik and Beijing. China gives the island state loans at a sparing interest. This has already led to the fact that the Icelandic political elites have declared: they say, if China is not accepted into the AU, Reykjavik will open the PRC to the Arctic through the “back door” - by means of it (Reykjavik) the organization “Arctic Circle”. In this regard, it seems that the Icelandic authorities are significantly addicted to, let's say, the Chinese financial needle. And the words of the Icelandic authorities about the opening of the "Arctic Circle" for the arrival of China in the Arctic shed light on why during the global crisis China chose Iceland for large-scale support ... Such Chinese lace.
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  1. Captain Vrungel
    Captain Vrungel 15 May 2013 08: 26 New
    What side is China to the Arctic, especially to the Arctic Council, even as an observer. They sold to China on their own head an expeditionary supply vessel for the Arctic navigation of the Kherson building. They already got into the Arctic forwarders shitty (horseradish, this is a vegetable). It can be jammed, like Chelyuskin, so that the desire disappears everywhere to poke your Chinese nose. Impudent, brothers, impudent. Not by the day, but by the hour. Believe the Chinese that the fox entrust the eggs. Already some kind of Arctic eastern "surprise" was conceived.
    1. vvvvv
      vvvvv 15 May 2013 09: 47 New
      On some desires and not desires, slogans, etc., here you will not leave anywhere ...
      A big trick is needed here. It is necessary to legally identify the physical boundaries and the boundaries of the possible actions of the “partners”. And to do this is possible only on the basis of coordination of interests. That is, we offer here such cooperation with such conditions, either rigidly and without cooperation. Nobody will fight the NWF, which means they will go to the conditions. Let China invest, and on a contractual basis receive interest, but without direct access (territorial legal claim) and legal limitation of powers. And if something happens, Russia has already become more advanced, for example, by the same cancellation of production sharing agreements in the early 2000s ...
      1. Captain Vrungel
        Captain Vrungel 15 May 2013 10: 23 New
        Some threw the slogan "from mozh to mozh." The Chinese are "more modest." "From the pole to the pole." In the Arctic waters of Russia, the Chinese have nothing to do. After them, nothing will be left for children and grandchildren. Train in fighting locusts and look at the result of this struggle. Locusts leave the territory in the only case if nothing remains on the territory.
    2. T-100
      T-100 15 May 2013 18: 13 New
      In principle, predictable. China, so to speak, is the “factory of the world", and in the near future its goods will be transported through the Arctic. Maybe that's why, fearing that through the ports of Russia not everything will reach Europe.
  2. maratenok
    maratenok 15 May 2013 08: 32 New
    China will take not only the art, but also Antarctica
  3. Genera
    Genera 15 May 2013 08: 39 New
    They invented some kind of Arctic Council. It is necessary to place buoys along our territorial waters with the inscription "Do not swim. KILL !!!". And in hindsight the order (dated so that it was so the year 1812. As with Syria now that they say we are not selling, but have already been sold), that a racket is already in store for everyone who voluntarily swam. And the thing is the hat. Let then refute the puff.
    1. Canep
      Canep 15 May 2013 08: 45 New
      On the map of the USSR, if you remember, the Arctic border of the USSR was drawn along the meridians from the extreme land points to the north pole.
  4. Canep
    Canep 15 May 2013 08: 40 New
    Recall that while the members of the Arctic Council (AC) in addition to the Russian Federation are the United States, Sweden, Canada, Finland, Iceland, Denmark and Norway.

    It is interesting that Sweden and Finland do this Arctic Council, and they do not have direct access to the Arctic Ocean.
    1. Rustiger
      Rustiger 15 May 2013 10: 40 New
      Quote: Canep
      what Sweden and Finland are doing in this Arctic Council, and they don’t have direct access to the Arctic Ocean.

      According to the latest agreements, countries whose territories the so-called "Arctic Circle". According to this distance, a pie sector is obtained.
      Twenty years ago, there was no such division. The USSR had more than half. Then the Finns and the Swedes stuck. And the Chinese "yellow three-toed toad, with a little dear in its mouth," strangles that they were pushed back. So he is trying to "get into * opu with soap."
      * Iceland will clearly speak, and what will be “soap”?
  5. cyclist
    cyclist 15 May 2013 09: 13 New
    why do the Chinese need the Arctic? request
  6. pinecone
    pinecone 15 May 2013 09: 20 New
    Quote: Canep
    On the map of the USSR, if you remember, the Arctic border of the USSR was drawn along the meridians from the extreme land points to the north pole.

    That's right. There was such a concept, and the corresponding term is "Soviet Arctic Sector", no one there rocked the boat.
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 15 May 2013 09: 27 New
      Quote: pinecone
      That's right. There was such a concept, and the corresponding term is "Soviet Arctic Sector", no one there rocked the boat.

      For the fact that now no one was rocking, new warships are needed!
    2. Piran
      Piran 15 May 2013 13: 54 New
      In my opinion, our Svalbard is also drawn
  7. erased
    erased 15 May 2013 09: 35 New
    According to today's articles, there are only two questions - will Russia surrender Syria to Amers and surrender the Arctic to China? By the way, it is in such things that the true intentions of the authorities are manifested. For whom is she - for a foreign master or for the people?
    Honestly, the option with the people is not very reliable ...
  8. IRBIS
    IRBIS 15 May 2013 10: 28 New
    This article is especially instructive for those who say that China does not threaten us. And that no one threatens us at all. There, India, by the way, is preparing to "argue" on Arctic issues. There is only one conclusion: the Russian North needs to be strengthened at an accelerated pace, and not be touched by the smiles of its eastern neighbor.
    1. Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel 15 May 2013 10: 47 New
      You know, the peculiarity of the eastern grin, either smiles with happiness, or flames with anger. (But mostly grinning with a smile from anger).
  9. Roll
    Roll 15 May 2013 10: 59 New
    fellow Yes, the entire Arctic is ours, the wolves agreed to eat a ram. That we are soared for our century will be enough of the riches of the Arctic, because we still do not develop them. They are too huge. We must correctly give China the status of observer, we have with whom there is a bicker and an ally will not hurt, and joint mining with China is generally excellent.
    1. Black
      Black 15 May 2013 15: 20 New
      Quote: Rolm
      It’s right to give China observer status,

      How generous you are, and your soul is wide .. But doesn’t it seem to you that they will “watch” on our part of the “pie”?
  10. Nitarius
    Nitarius 15 May 2013 12: 37 New
    What the hell is China doing in the Arctic? They have that border located in the Arctic?
    Some kind of nonsense to her god!
  11. TROG
    TROG 15 May 2013 13: 00 New
    What Arctic? Come on, bye !!!
  12. Petergut
    Petergut 15 May 2013 15: 18 New
    supposedly, if China is not accepted into the AU, then Reykjavik will open the way for the PRC to the Arctic through the “back door” - through it (Reykjavik) created the organization “Arctic Circle”.

    Neighing. laughing
  13. Goldmitro
    Goldmitro 15 May 2013 19: 14 New
    <<< The Canadian side does not see the need to grant countries that have absolutely no territorial relationship to the Arctic, not only the status of a member of the Arctic Council, but even the status of a permanent observer. >>>
    This is a logical position! And Russia with respect to China will have all sorts of politicians, more firmness in defending its interests, more respect for this! Do not fucking do China in the Arctic! The Chinese behave worse than locusts: our lands, helpfully leased by local officials, “good-natured”, are clearly not so, after their management they become DEAD in the full sense of the word, they are moving but new and again with the same result! Our Cupid was turned into a gutter and continues to poison, like many rivers in China itself, saving on the construction of treatment facilities. And how many Chinese boquery-ugly creatures destroy our beast: tigers, bears .... When they are detained, bags full of bear paws are seized! Imagine how many of them they are barbarously destroying for the sake of their cave medicine! I would crush this scum right on the spot! And so they behave everywhere they come, and they climb everywhere without registering, but already considering the Celestial Center of the World, to which everyone will soon obey!
    1. Rustiger
      Rustiger 15 May 2013 20: 15 New
      Quote: Goldmitro
      I would crush this scum right on the spot!

      Only for this proposal, in relation to poachers - "+ 1000". For the rest - "+" not less!!!
  14. deman73
    deman73 15 May 2013 20: 02 New
    It is urgent to slow down the Chinese and then everyone will be even worse
  15. G_sl
    G_sl 15 May 2013 23: 00 New
    Today, China has officially become the observer state of the Arctic Council.
    At the 8th Arctic Council Ministerial Meeting, held today in the city of Kiruna in northern Sweden, a decision was made to grant China observer status for this organization.

    The article is a little late!
    1. Rustiger
      Rustiger 16 May 2013 01: 26 New
      Quote: G_Sl
      Today, China has officially become the observer state of the Arctic Council.

      Here are the fagots!
      "our shoot - everywhere ripe"
      /people. proverb/
  16. Havoc
    Havoc 15 May 2013 23: 31 New
    Yes, the Chinese delegation arrived in Murmansk today, they are signing something.
    1. Rustiger
      Rustiger 16 May 2013 01: 24 New
      - "What is the strength in, brother?",
      - "Brother in money!",
      - "Well, let's say you have money. And what?!,
      - "And I will buy everyone.."
  17. capitosha1rang
    capitosha1rang 16 May 2013 16: 38 New
    "... China hopes ..." Drop it, dear comrade Volodin!
    Hopes - young men are nourished, and China, the oldest and greatest of the unknown or recognized from the greatest countries, cultures, civilizations, asks permission to engage in the Arctic only from millennia of cultivated respect for other people's opinions.
    The opinion, of course, will be taken into account, but not the fact that China will follow other people's recommendations or advice. Rather, he will dodge, transfer controversial issues to the plane of scholasticism, and in the coming years 100-400 will distract the attention of "interested parties."
    And he himself, at this time, under the guise of nothing meaningful discussion for him, will replace the polar bears with pandas, increase the population of Chukotka by 35-68 million people, while not spending thousands of yuan on makeup, and suddenly, like them and it will be accepted that it will rise to its full gigantic growth and the Arctic ice will be knee-deep to it.