Military Review

US accuses China of large-scale cyber espionage

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The Pentagon has published a report according to which China was first directly accused of conducting systematic cyber espionage. With the help of cyber attacks on the computers of the US administration, the Chinese collect secret information about military planning and the American army. At the same time, the United States no longer hide their anxiety due to the military gain of the PRC. Earlier, Washington has repeatedly accused Chinese hackers of cyber espionage, claiming that they operate under the auspices of the official structures of China. However, direct accusations against the Chinese government at the Pentagon have never been done before.


According to the report submitted to the public, last year numerous computer systems across the globe, including US state networks, were subjected to numerous attempts to penetrate, many of which, apparently, can be attributed to the Chinese armed forces and the government of the country. Prior to this, the United States tried to avoid such public accusations against the authorities of the PRC, and also to recognize that the computer systems of the federal authorities are becoming objects of increased attention of hackers. The situation has seriously deteriorated in recent years. In February, 2013, a company called Mandiant, which specializes in computer data security issues, noted that since 2004, hundreds of attempts to hack US state networks could be traced to a military unit located in Shanghai.

The report, published by the Pentagon, also analyzes the process of modernization of the Chinese army. It argues that the concealment by the PRC of genuine information about its strategic capabilities leads to increased tensions in the region. In March, China announced its defense budget, which, according to 2012, amounted to 114 billion dollars, which is 10,4% more than it was in 2011. But, according to Pentagon experts, China’s real defense expenditures in 2012 were significantly higher than those announced and ranged from 135 to 215 billion dollars. According to representatives of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), China is currently in 2-th place in the world in defense spending after the United States. According to the institute, in 2012, China increased spending on this item by 7,8% (11,5 billion dollars), bringing costs to the level of 166 billion dollars. In 2012, China launched its first aircraft carrier, and also actively worked on a new generation of ballistic missiles, anti-missile systems, and cyber espionage systems.

US accuses China of large-scale cyber espionage

The representative of the US Department of Defense, David Helvey, noted that the general trend in the development of China’s military policy is a matter of concern for employees of the US military. Measures taken by China may limit America’s strategic access to the Pacific. The published report also states that the PRC is becoming increasingly persistent in asserting its own claims to a number of disputed territories.

In the US, they emphasize that if earlier cyber espionage was mainly worried only by the military department and intelligence services, now it is increasingly a threat to the economic interests of the state. This threat has become so great that, according to the Washington Post, the administration of the US president is considering the possibility of adopting a whole series of fairly tough countermeasures. Among them are the expulsion of foreign diplomats from the country, the use of official protests, the imposition of travel restrictions on the United States, the issuance of visas and even complaints to the WTO.

Currently, in addition to China, 3 countries: Russia, Israel and France use hackers to obtain economic intelligence from the United States, but their efforts fade amid what China is doing. In particular, the PRC intelligence services and even ordinary enterprises are trying to use Chinese citizens or foreigners with family ties with Chinese citizens in order to penetrate the internal networks of US corporations. Similar information was obtained by US counterintelligence agencies.


It is also noted that the greatest efforts of hackers are directed at obtaining information about modern military technologies. So in 2011, hackers from the People's Republic of China were able to attack the company RSA Security, which provides its security software to companies of the American industrial military complex. Later, hackers, with the help of programs stolen from this company, were able to carry out attacks on the systems of such a large military supply company as Lockheed Martin. In addition to this, attacks were carried out against other institutions and firms, among them were leading newspapers, as well as the Internet company Google.

The Pentagon’s 83-page report says that cyber spies are extracting secret information about American weapons and Chinese policies for the military and technology sector in China. This information in the event of a crisis can be used by the authorities in Beijing. Military experts also note the fact that cyber espionage is carried out as part of a fairly large-scale industrial espionage, which is designed to reduce China’s dependence on foreign arms manufacturers.

At present, China’s success in arms production is visible to the naked eye. In September, the 2012 of the year in the People's Republic of China officially adopted the first aircraft carrier "Liaoning" and are not going to dwell on this in the Celestial Empire. Plans to build a second aircraft carrier were announced at the end of April 2013. At the same time, this type of combat craft is the most complex and expensive to perform samples. According to Russian expert Igor Korotchenko, at present, China is at the peak of its military-technical power.


The report of the US military also states that in October last year, Beijing conducted tests of the 2-th fighter J-31, made on the technology of "stealth". Which only emphasizes the country's intentions to develop advanced generation 5 aircraft. It is assumed that this aircraft can be adopted by the Chinese army no earlier than 2018. In addition, China is actively increasing its export of weapons systems to the markets of Southeast Asia, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. Korotchenko notes that all this is a direct consequence of the dynamic development of the Chinese defense industry, which is gradually moving from simple copying to mass production of more and more sophisticated military equipment.

Currently, the U.S. military is most concerned about the DF-21D ballistic anti-ship missile, which is capable of hitting enemy ships at a considerable distance. This rocket is for the United States and its fleet direct threat. According to David Halvey, US Under Secretary of Defense, there is nothing strange in the fact that the missile is given special attention, because it poses a serious threat to large warships, including aircraft carriers.

Analysts who reviewed the Pentagon report already noted its thoroughness, as well as a high level of analysis. The report clearly shows that it is impossible to underestimate the modernization of the Chinese armed forces, nor can we underestimate the increased influence of the PRC on nearby territories. China is gradually returning its own historical the role he played in the past.



The official reaction of the PRC

It is worth noting that the PRC rejects all accusations by the US military regarding cyber espionage. Chinese media called the report “interference in the internal affairs of the PRC”. The Chinese Foreign Ministry also protested in connection with this publication. The official representative of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hua Chunying, noted that the annual publication of such reports is speculation on the military threat from Beijing and "undermines trust and cooperation" between the countries.

At the same time, the official noted that China is ready to increase cooperation in the field of network security and to do this together with the US. According to the diplomat, China has long and many times opposed the implementation of hacker attacks and is ready to cooperate with America on network security issues. Actively pushing the theory of the so-called Chinese military threat can bring discord between the PRC and other neighboring states in order to contain China and get a direct benefit from it.

Despite the statements of Chinese officials, China is located on the uncontested 1 place in the world in the number of outgoing hacker attacks. China accounts for about 41% of all attacks carried out in the world during the last quarter of 2012. Prior to this, the American intelligence services have repeatedly called the PRC the most dangerous and active country using cyber intelligence methods to extract all sorts of secret information about technology and trade.

Information sources:
- http://www.vz.ru/economy/2013/5/7/631662.html
- http://www.vz.ru/news/2013/5/8/631794.html
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/international/2013/05/130507_us_china_cyberattacks.shtml
- http://www.ng.ru/world/2013-02-12/7_kibershpionaj.html
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  1. svp67
    svp67 14 May 2013 07: 14
    +4
    Currently, in addition to the PRC, there are also 3 countries: Russia, Israel and France use hackers to obtain economic intelligence from the United States, but their efforts fade against the background of what China is doing.

    Maybe a little easier - the latter comes across more often ...
    1. NKVD
      NKVD 14 May 2013 09: 15
      +1
      1. Strengthened weapons. 2. Establishing relations with neighbors and even with India. 3. Creating a huge foreign exchange reserve. 4. Search for alternative sources of energy resources, etc. China is preparing for war with the United States.
      1. Ivan.
        Ivan. 14 May 2013 09: 58
        +2
        More precisely, it is already fighting, modern warfare is both an information war and an economic war, unless a hotter stage is approaching. I think when the military budget of China exceeds 50% of the United States, then their armies will become crowded on the planet.
        1. gizz
          gizz 14 May 2013 15: 39
          0
          Want to live - know how to spin ...
          1. _Siberian_
            _Siberian_ 15 May 2013 07: 04
            0
            No, you want to live know how to RUB drinks
  2. Ram chandra
    Ram chandra 14 May 2013 07: 42
    +1
    The third force in the world. Very soon, very soon, the Chinese will be ahead of the rest in technology.
  3. vilenich
    vilenich 14 May 2013 08: 16
    +1
    And what to say...
    The Chinese are observing their interests and they had a large view of the State with their statements
  4. pensioner
    pensioner 14 May 2013 08: 20
    +1
    According to Russian expert Igor Korotchenko, China is currently at the peak of its military-technical power.
    Korotchenko, of course, is an authoritative person, but I think that the peak is still far away. That's when he gets there - everyone starts.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 14 May 2013 08: 29
      +2
      Quote: retired
      That's when he gets there - everyone starts.

      And the US should count the number of Chinese in their country. Wow, what a diaspora is there. And what if China calls on its "sons and daughters" in the United States to support their historical homeland? And to drive into a concentration camp like the Japanese during the Second World War will not work.
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 14 May 2013 08: 48
        +1
        Quote: Egoza
        And the US should count the number of Chinese in their country. Wow, what a diaspora is there. And what if China calls on its "sons and daughters" in the United States to support their historical homeland? And to drive into a concentration camp like the Japanese during the Second World War will not work.

        That's for sure ... Not only that. They WILL FORCE harnessed for themselves Latinos, Vietnamese and black who else. Fuck who refuse.
        1. Scythian 35
          Scythian 35 14 May 2013 14: 25
          0
          Quote: retired
          That's for sure ... Not only that. They WILL FORCE harnessed for themselves Latinos, Vietnamese and black who else. Fuck who refuse.

          The Vietnamese refused, and still piled on China in full !!!
  5. Igor77
    Igor77 14 May 2013 08: 22
    +4
    "Ours" steal natural resources from their own country, and the PRC technologies from other countries. "Ours" build palaces abroad for the stolen, and the PRC uses the stolen goods for their country. So what?
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 14 May 2013 08: 29
      +1
      Quote: Igor77
      "Ours" build palaces abroad for the stolen, and the PRC uses the stolen goods for their country. So what?

      That's right. Therefore, there is much to learn from China!
      1. svp67
        svp67 14 May 2013 08: 32
        +7
        Quote: Egoza
        That's right. Therefore, there is much to learn from China!
        To learn? No, it’s probably worth remembering your past. Soviet past.
        1. vilenich
          vilenich 14 May 2013 09: 14
          +5
          Quote: svp67
          No, it’s probably worth remembering your past. Soviet past.

          While reading the article, I just recalled our Soviet past. For some reason, I remembered the picture on the stamp, I was not even too lazy to go, I looked in the old album.
          friends forever
          Something like this ...



          But unfortunately, China is not the same, and we are not the same ...
          However, this is not a reason for pessimism, it is easier to find a common language with the Chinese than with the United States.
          1. waisson
            waisson 14 May 2013 10: 52
            +1
            hit the Yankee cyber system with Russian hacking and Chinese cyber espionage
  6. 120352
    120352 14 May 2013 09: 09
    +2
    So, Americans can, but not Chinese? Ugh, again double standards.
  7. fenix57
    fenix57 14 May 2013 09: 23
    +1
    , "It is worth noting that the PRC rejects all charges from the US military regarding cyber espionage .. "- it would be surprising to hear a "frank confession" from the PRC.

    Quote: svp67
    No, it’s probably worth remembering your past. Soviet past.

    It is certainly necessary to remember, especially since there is something, but it is not shameful to apply the experience of China, especially the PRC is a strategic partner. And there is something to adopt, at least the principle of "road-wall" (I'm simplified!):
    -to take the best abroad;
    -Do not allow the penetration and influence of foreign culture.
  8. dark_65
    dark_65 14 May 2013 09: 38
    +1
    With so many people, and not be the first? Everyone is spam. Already good.
  9. crambol
    crambol 14 May 2013 09: 46
    +5
    US accuses China of large-scale cyber espionage

    Striped people are accustomed to poking their snout with impunity in other people's bedrooms, now let them tolerate someone else's presence in their own!
    1. pensioner
      pensioner 14 May 2013 09: 51
      +1
      Quote: crambol
      now let them endure the presence of others in their own!

      pope
  10. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 14 May 2013 11: 20
    +3
    The United States is considering the possibility of adopting a series of rather stringent countermeasures. Among them are the expulsion of foreign diplomats from the country, the use of official protests, the introduction of restrictions on travel to the United States, the issuance of visas and even complaints to the WTO.

    Sincerely, date, signature, answer us, otherwise
    If you do not respond, we will write in sportloto!
  11. Sirocco
    Sirocco 14 May 2013 12: 17
    0
    Why not the United States try to declare China the Axis of Evil, would bring the aircraft carriers to the shores, build a color revolution from those who disagree from China, and plunder ahead. Or is the gut thin?
    1. gizz
      gizz 14 May 2013 15: 42
      +1
      If they consider it profitable, then they will announce it.
  12. Vtel
    Vtel 14 May 2013 14: 42
    +2
    The Pentagon published a report according to which China was first directly accused of systematic cyber espionage.

    And the truth is, sho this is what the Chinese allow themselves to, spying on the main spy of the whole world. The good Chinese students were caught - they should be proud. In matters of info-war, the Yankees always felt like some sort of Colossi, and were on clay feet. Anyway, it’s for the kosher habit of blaming everyone, but as you say about them, you’ll get a Holocaust accusation.
  13. Scandinavian
    Scandinavian 14 May 2013 14: 47
    +2
    I respect the Chinese guys in terms of the fact that they - hackers are another ulcer for the Pentagon and other American military and civilian intelligence agencies. It would be great if Russia possessed such personnel and then in one day it would be possible for amers to make a tough 4 nut.
  14. MG42
    MG42 14 May 2013 18: 51
    +4
    today's news >>> good
    In Moscow, when trying to recruit an intelligence officer, CIA agent Fogl Ryan Christopher was detained. The American spy worked under the guise of the third secretary of the political department of the US Embassy in Moscow. US Ambassador Michael McFaul declined to comment. On Wednesday, he should appear at the Russian Foreign Ministry for a conversation. Fogl himself is declared persona non grata. He must immediately leave Russia.
    The CIA agent was detained on the night of May 13-14 by counterintelligence agencies of the FSB of Russia. According to the Center’s Public Relations Center, Fogl Ryan Christopher was taken to the reception of the FSB of Russia, and then was transferred to the official representatives of the US Embassy. It is reported that the agent worked under the guise of the third secretary of the political department of the US Embassy in Moscow.

    This department of the US diplomatic mission informs the Russian government of the US position on foreign policy and security, as well as informs Washington about the main provisions of Russia's foreign and defense policy. The structure of the department includes three groups: a group on foreign policy issues, a group on military-political issues, a group on domestic policy issues.

    The Federal Security Service of Russia reported that "recently, American intelligence has repeatedly attempted to recruit employees of Russian law enforcement agencies and special agencies, which were recorded and passed under the control of the counterintelligence of the Russian FSB."

    The CIA is now more active than other intelligence services in Russia, says the editor-in-chief of the National Defense magazine Igor Korotchenko. In his opinion, although the arrest of a CIA agent in Moscow is not connected with any events in Russian-American relations, it is impossible to exclude political motives. "When such cases are identified, they are either made public or not made public. The country's leadership took such a step, perhaps because the American intelligence went beyond the permissible limits in its activities in Russia," the expert believes. At the same time, according to Korotchenko, the arrest of Fogl Ryan Christopher is not a demonstration of the strength and capabilities of the Russian special services.
    http://www.tvc.ru/AllNews.aspx?id=3edc2974-0124-431e-a038-ecde1c6b44b4
  15. MG42
    MG42 14 May 2013 18: 59
    +4
    CIA Fogl agent Ryan Christopher was detained in Moscow while trying to recruit a Russian intelligence officer. He worked undercover as the third secretary of the political department of the US Embassy.
    The detention of an American spy in Moscow (operational shooting)
    1. Hleb
      Hleb 14 May 2013 19: 11
      +1
      this moment is especially interesting. straight across Stanislavsky

      when a new level of relations is reached between our countries. when the presidents of the two countries strive (!) to improve the climate of understanding, this citizen, on behalf of the US government (!) commits a serious crime ...
      ... opa style ...
      1. MG42
        MG42 14 May 2013 20: 01
        +4
        If you made the fact public, then there is politics.
      2. _Siberian_
        _Siberian_ 15 May 2013 07: 25
        +1
        It's not all just to anneal them, so ours have learned to work for "public", now RT will lecture to democratic people, like we are to you, and you are to us ... crying
  16. crambol
    crambol 14 May 2013 22: 42
    +1
    Quote: MG42
    If you made the fact public, then there is politics.


    Or maybe they just asked me to send smarter agents in the future, or else wigs, black glasses. Well, some kind of kindergarten!
    1. MG42
      MG42 14 May 2013 22: 59
      +3
      Quote: crambol
      Or maybe they just asked me to send smarter agents in the future, or else wigs, black glasses.

      Compare the fun face of a CIA agent on deep. card and how sad on today's video laughing >>> more often it is necessary to face amers in the toilet makat..pust know their place!
      1. crambol
        crambol 15 May 2013 09: 57
        +1
        It seems to me that they are in a crisis of the genre. Otherwise, they would not have sent the kid.
  17. uzer 13
    uzer 13 15 May 2013 19: 20
    0
    That's why the pike was at sea so that the crucian carp would not doze off. The Americans were beaten with their own weapons. And they continue to make a good face, as if they themselves had never been engaged in this very cyber espionage and other similar affairs. There is no ban on such activities, in almost all states have similar hacker offices. Why take offense at the Chinese just because they are smarter?