Think about it: the main aggressor of all times and peoples was mistaken with the terms of the war, which he himself unleashed!
How can this be? This is nonsense! Only those who are attacked can be mistaken with the terms of the war, but the attacker cannot make mistakes, because the aggressor himself initiates the date of the outbreak of hostilities. Two mutually exclusive things speak about the Führer: Hitler supposedly planned an aggressive war and seized the whole world, but he was mistaken with the terms. Early began. And the main fact is lost in the verbal husk: Germany, starting the war first, attacking Poland, was for some reason not ready for war.
Why did Hitler start the war without preparing? This is where the thesis of his idiocy and unreasonable aggressiveness goes - and there seems to be no need for any explanation. Maniac, he is a maniac, what his demand. Meanwhile, everything is completely different. All the “riddles” of the Second World War can be solved if you understand the logic of the actions of the main participants in the events. The strongest powers of those years: Britain and France. Without breaking the most powerful English fleet, there is no reason to think about any world domination. Consequently, in preparation for challenging the Anglo-Saxons, whose official ally Poland was attacked by Germany's 01.09.1939, you must first build a fleet comparable to the British. And only after that you can start the fight.
Adolf Hitler really began to build a fleet. Only strangely enough: the Reich shipbuilding program was supposed to be completed only in 1944 — 1945. Why did the Führer start the war in 1939?
And what kind of ships did the Germans build? The head of the German Navy, Admiral Raeder, offered Hitler a choice of two plans for the development of the German fleet:
- the first one assumed the reinforced construction of submarines in the most urgent perspective;
- the second, known as the “Z” plan, was designed for a long term, since justified by the fact that "the war will not start in the next ten years2". According to this plan it was necessary to build many large surface ships. Despite the fact that the plan was calculated for 10 years (up to 1948 year), Hitler demanded that it be completed in 6 years. So, judging by the chosen plan for the development of the fleet, the Fuhrer was going to fight with England not earlier than 1944 — 1945. I started on 1939! And the main striking force in the outbreak of the war began ... submarines. To produce that in large quantities and immediately, Hitler just forbade, choosing an alternative plan "Z"!
Here is what the Anglo-Saxon researchers write about this: “The reason for this very erroneous decision, in the light of the events that followed, is quite difficult to understand. Hitler seemed to believe that large warships could have political influence3. ” According to Western historians, Hitler simply "forgot" that even in the First World War, German submarines had put Britain on the brink of death, sending dozens and hundreds of British ships to the bottom. After all, England is an island, and all its supplies are carried out by sea. But the British surface fleet is a foolish undertaking: the British are closely watching the shipbuilding of other countries, and for each of your ships can build two of their own. The capabilities of the shipyards of the British Empire exceeded at that time the capabilities of any other power.
And so, in preparation for “capturing the whole world,” Adolf Hitler accepted the plan: to build submarines at least, and of surface ships at most. Deadlines, too, can not help but surprise: 1944 — 1945 years. Is Hitler in his mind? After all, from the moment of the adoption of the (1938) plan to the beginning of the war in September 1939, only one year will pass and the surface ships will not be built yet? What is the Fuhrer going to fight with the English fleet, forbidding to build submarines, and not having time to create surface warships?
But he did not intend to fight with Britain. Hitler was preparing ONLY for the war with the Soviet Union, which at the end of 30-s did not have any "world domination." All the while in power, Hitler was preparing for another war — an attack on the USSR. And not to the Second World War, which turned out in reality. It was for a strike on the USSR that Britain, France and the USA brought the possessed Fuhrer to power in Germany.
Now back to the German submarines. In order for submarines to show themselves in all their glory, a worthy opponent is needed. More precisely - a suitable victim. For hundreds of submarines, there is work only when the fleet of Great Britain and its allies is sinking. The USSR did not have a sufficient number of ships, and therefore no targets for attacks by German submarines. Even before the start of the conflict with the USSR, it was clear to Hitler that Germany did not need many submarines to fight the Soviet fleet. But for the war with England you need, and the more, the better. But Hitler is preparing to fight with Stalin and therefore prohibits the building of submarines in large quantities.
Here is the schedule for launching German submarines: in 1935, the -14 submarines; in 1936, -21; in 1937, the 1 (!) submarine; 1938 g. - 9; 1939 -18 Submarines4. Before us is the schedule of the power, about the war with England, even without thinking! Eighteen boats for 1939 a year is a lot or a little? Compared with the one in 1937, the growth of their output by 18 times, but compared to the figures for the subsequent production, the impression is that the Germans didn’t make submarines “preparing to take over the whole world”. Having launched World War II with 57 submarines, they produced 1 on January 1940 through 8 on May 1945 of the year - 1095 of submarines 5, which means more than 200 per year.
Maybe 57 boats a lot? Maybe in England and France in September 1939, they were significantly less? Not. England had 65 boats, France - 78 6. Grand Admiral Raeder reported to the Führer that for a war with England you need 300 submarines, but when the war began, Germany had not even a 57 submarine, ready to go to the Atlantic, but only 23! The rest for various reasons could not fight. That is, the Fuhrer again "made a mistake" in the timing of the beginning of the conflict without even bothering to bring the fleet into proper form. How can you prepare for war with maritime powers? Of course not! Hitler did not prepare for a war at sea, without which it is simply impossible to crush Britain, the “mistress of the seas". Because I did not prepare for war with England and France in general! Here is such a strange aggressor, who, allegedly, was going to take over the whole world.
But what about the Hitlerite plans to build aircraft carriers and battleships? What do they tell us? Yes, about the same: Hitler did not prepare for war with England and in 1945. This is easy to understand by looking at the numbers on the “Z” plan. We will not bore the reader with this math, who wants to, can see them independently7. We note only an obvious fact: even after 100% of the fulfillment of the plan to build aircraft carriers and battleships, the German fleet would be less than even one British, not to mention the combined power of the Anglo-French fleet. Not to mention that all six years of the implementation of the “Z” plan, the British shipyards would not stand idle either.
Hitler in 1939 did not think about the big war. And in a small conflict with Poland, he hoped to do on his own. And therefore, embroiled in a world war, not having a reliable ally. The USSR was not such an ally for Germany, and was not going to fight on Hitler’s side. But even the Italians were not going to fight on the German side! 20 August 1939, i.e. 11 days before the start of the war, Mussolini learned about Hitler's plans to start it. And he was horrified! The very next day, August 21, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy made a special note for the Germans. It said that the German-Italian alliance, the so-called “Steel Pact”, was signed on the terms that the war would be unleashed no earlier than in two or three years. And here - it starts less in 2 weeks. When in the reply message the Germans asked Mussolini to indicate what should be done to ensure that Italy did not “embarrass” earlier terms, the Italians rolled out such obviously unrealistic supplies of materials weapons and ammunition that Germany could never fulfill them. And without all this, Mussolini concluded, he cannot fight. What do you think, did Hitler, having lost his essentially ONLY ally at that moment? Nothing. Decided to fight alone! Italy really did not fight until the summer of 1940, and entered the war a few days before the capitulation of France. And the brunt of world war, Germany bore alone.
So what really happened? And that's what. Brought to power by the West, Hitler promised to attack the USSR. And I got everything I needed — money, power, technology, and entire countries — until I built a huge military machine. And then he started talking to his masters differently. What did the Führer ask for? Just equality in this Anglo-Saxon world. Neither of which world domination was ever discussed, Hitler never even dreamed of capturing the whole world. But the rulers of the world demanded that Hitler fulfill his obligations. Equality for Germany, peace for the Germans with the Anglo-Saxons, could only be obtained through the total destruction of Russia and its population. Our territory and resources are subject to sharing. Entry ticket to the club favorites. Hitler attacked and got the opportunity to quietly fight on the Eastern Front. The second front in Europe was opened only when it became clear that the Red Army alone would reach Berlin.
Nikolai Starikov, (details in the book "Who made Hitler attack Stalin?")
1 J. Kershaw. Hitler Rostov - on the Don: Phoenix, 1997, p. Xnumx
2 C. Nimitz., E. Potter. War at sea 1939 — 1945.,
Smolensk, Rusich, 1999, p.11
3 ibid., P. Xnumx
4 ibid., P. 32-33
5 ibid., P. Xnumx
6 Protracted blitzkrieg. German generals about the war in
Russia. M., 2006, p.292
7 For example: K. Dönitz. Reich submarine fleet ..., Smolensk, Rusich, 1999, p. 38-39 or N. Kuznetsov. On the eve of. M .: AST, 2003, p. 390.