Military Review

Georgian Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, who did not betray the Crimean underground

Many Georgians with weapons in the hands of the USSR defended, 136 of them were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.

Many warriors from Georgia were in units that landed in Kerch at the end of 1941. In 1942, the Georgian national divisions were created, which took part in the battles for the Crimea. In May, 1942, the Soviet troops were forced to leave the Kerch Peninsula. By the way, my grandfather, Ilya Nauyevich Ablotia, disappeared in the battles for Kerch.

The 224 Georgian Infantry Division (commander V. Dzabakhidze) covered the withdrawal of three Soviet armies. In these battles, most of the fighters and commanders of the 224 division were killed. The soldiers of Georgia participated in the landing operations of November 1943 of the year on the Kerch Peninsula, and then in the battles for the liberation of Sevastopol and the whole Crimea. Dozens of fascist soldiers were destroyed by a machine-gunner, Hero of the Soviet Union G. Samkharadze near Sapun-Gory. By moving his machine gun from one place to another, Samkharadze sowed panic in the ranks of the enemy troops, which enabled the soldiers of the 414 regiment of the Georgian Anapa division to quickly move forward and attack the approaches to Sevastopol.

Rear admirals M. Jincharadze and S. Kapanadze, Heroes of the USSR: V. Esebua, A. Kananadze, K. Kochiev, Z Khitalishvili, D. Jabidze, P. Tsikoridze, N. Beria, K. Khadzhiev, A. Chakriyan, V. Papidze, and others. Two regiments of the 414 Anapa division were named Sevastopol. Hundreds of brave men of this division fell in the Crimea, in particular, in street battles for Sevastopol. The soldiers of the 414 th Georgian division, who fell heroic death for Sevastopol, were erected a monument, on the pedestal of which an eternal flame burns. In the spring of 2009, it was destroyed by vandals, but then rebuilt. The 242 Mountain Infantry Division in Georgia operated in the Crimea. The soldiers and officers of this glorious division, led by Major-General V. Lisinov, fought valiantly until the final defeat of the German-Romanian occupiers in the Crimea.

In the battles for the liberation of Ukraine, tens of thousands of Georgian warriors became famous, many of whom were awarded high government awards. Of the 136 Heroes of the Soviet Union of Georgian Warriors, 62nd was awarded this title for the heroism and courage shown in the battles for Crimea, Dnieper, Kiev and Kharkov. In the area of ​​Melitopol, a senior sergeant, Komsomol member Avaliani exterminated dozens of Nazis, destroyed 3 enemy tankand then with a bunch of grenades rushed under the fourth tank and detonated it. More than 30 Georgian soldiers were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union for participating in the hacking of Dnieper enemy fortifications, forcing the Dnieper and occupying the bridgeheads on its right bank. Many of these heroes rest on the banks of the Dnieper, among them: A. Tereladze, V. Chkhaidze, B. Sordia, L. Chubinidze, V. Beroshvili and others. In Kiev, in the “Park of Glory”, Hero of the Soviet Union N. Gogichayshvili rests in a mass grave.

How not to recall the heroine of the Crimean underground - Zoe Rukhadze. As Georgians themselves once said: “You had a Russian heroine, Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya, and we also had Zoya, but Rukhadze ...”

Yes, in March 1944, a schoolgirl from Simferopol repeated the feat of Kosmodemyanskaya. She also went to a partisan detachment operating in the city, where she participated in the performance of combat missions. 10 March 1944 of the year after the explosion of a German arms warehouse, it was seized by the Gestapo. Tortured her cruelly, demanding to give out the names of the partisans, their plans. They brutally beat, broke both hands, gouged out eyes. Not having received a single answer to a single question, they threw the lifeless body into the car and took it to the outskirts of the city - to Dubki. Zoya Rukhadze was still alive when she was thrown into a deep well, where she died in unbearable agony.

The Crimea and Georgia did not forget the heroic feats of Zoya Rukhadze. She erected monuments in Simferopol, and in Tbilisi. A street in Simferopol, schools in Simferopol and in Tbilisi were named after her. Zoe Rukhadze dedicated a play and a poem.

Georgians participated in battles not only in the territory of the USSR, but outside its borders and glorified their Georgia. The symbol of their contribution to the victory of humanity over Nazism is Pore Mosulishvili, who died heroically in Italy, where he fought as part of a partisan detachment.

How not to remember also Irina Skhirtladz. She was Georgian by origin and lived in Poland. She was 15 years old and she fought against the fascists on the barricades of the Warsaw Uprising. Her feat was dedicated to the poem “Irinola” by the famous Georgian poet Jansug Charkviani.

And most importantly, the banner of victory over Reichstag was hoisted by Russian Mikhail Egorov and Georgian Meliton Kantaria.
Eternal glory to the heroes of the war!
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  1. Soldier
    Soldier 14 May 2013 08: 10
    How many Simple Georgians have seen-positive, hospitable people with whom it is pleasant to communicate and make friends. It is believed that one Mishiko is a “mattress pad” with tsuko.
    1. fortunophile
      fortunophile 14 May 2013 08: 26
      During the years of the Second World War, 136 Georgians were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the more offensive is Saakashvili’s trick with the explosion of a monument in Kutaisi, if I am not mistaken there during the explosion and the woman with the child died. Good kind people, but they are not lucky with rulers (though not only to them) hi
      Well, Georgians understand everything perfectly
      Georgian newspaper "Georgia and the World"
      Levan Dolidze: Happy Victory Day, dear veterans!

      - Let us, on this great holiday, we will not dirty the pages of your newspaper with the names of those nonhumans who desecrated the memory of millions of soldiers who died in the struggle against fascism. We will not mention the names of those who changed the name of the city of world military glory - Stalingrad. We will not mention our immoral grief compatriots who blew up monuments and memorials of military glory, changed the names of squares, streets and schools that bore the names of the heroes of the Great Patriotic War. We will not mention those people who, in Stalin’s hometown, Gori, quietly removed the monument to the leader under cover of night ... God be their judge!

      - Our dear fathers and grandfathers! We are proud of you, proud of the great and invincible army of your comrades-in-arms, who, despite unprecedented difficulties, boldly went into battle with calls for "For the Motherland! For Stalin!", Without orders, voluntarily closed the embrasures with their bodies, with a bunch of grenades in their hands rushed under enemy tanks, and at the cost of their own lives, saved comrades in arms. Only such heroism could defeat an intelligent, strong, well-armed and cunning enemy, an enemy who, in just a few weeks, brought almost all of Europe to its knees!
      1. Gari
        Gari 14 May 2013 10: 40
        WWII brown Nazism from Georgia was attended by more than 700 thousand people, of whom more than half died.
        Over a hundred Georgian soldiers took part in the defense of the fortress - the hero of Brest. Only a few seriously wounded soldiers were captured, and the rest of the defenders of the fortress gave their lives for their homeland.
        They defended Moscow and reached Berlin where the glorious Georgian people Meliton Kantaria, together with the son of the Russian people Mikhail Egorov, hoisted the banner of Victory over the Reichstag.
        There was a common country and a common victory!

        Eternal glory to the heroes of the war!
        1. bogdan
          bogdan 14 May 2013 16: 55
          In my hometown in Ukraine there is Avaliani street - now I found out what kind of hero he was.
          Saakashvili stupidly did not give a damn about his people.
          1. Genady1976
            Genady1976 14 May 2013 18: 03
            Earlier, the heroes were in Georgia and now the monkeys.
            1. Anat1974
              Anat1974 14 May 2013 20: 44
              I disagree. Heroes are always and everywhere, they just need to decide "FOR WHAT?" Apparently now this "FOR WHAT" is just not there.
            2. bakso
              bakso 14 May 2013 22: 02
              Time creates its heroes, they will also appear there, do not hesitate ...
  2. kind
    kind 14 May 2013 08: 14
    Sukashvili disowned his fellow heroes, and blew up a monument to them. It will never be forgiven him, in fact he is a fascist.
  3. Egoza
    14 May 2013 08: 15
    Honor and glory to those who fell for their Motherland! Eternal, blessed memory to them! I'm only afraid that now they would be ashamed of Georgia. Even in their nightmares, they could not see that Georgia would "quarrel" with Russia. And we need to remember that there are always heroes and scoundrels in any nation. One must remember and honor the former, and despise the latter.
  4. Kosatka
    Kosatka 14 May 2013 08: 18
    Memory and Glory to the wars of the fallen in battle. Next to the monument to the Georgian wars on the southwestern slope of the Sapun Mountain near the road to Balaklava, there is a monument to Armenian fighters, on the opposite slope, a monument to the Azerzeybadzhan wars. And all those who died during the assault on Sapun are mountains and in battles for Sevastopol, indiscriminately on a national basis. lie in the mass graves. In the only remaining islands of the USSR uniting all our peoples.
  5. k220150
    k220150 14 May 2013 08: 24
    Modern Georgians (yes, and we are Russian) do not stand the little finger of these people, with rare exceptions, such as General Timur Apakidze.
  6. rero
    rero 14 May 2013 08: 48
    my grandfather toze died under 42 kerch, A.Chachashvili
  7. OCD
    OCD 14 May 2013 10: 03
    K. Kochiev, D. Dzhabidze - Dzhabiev, V. Beroshvili - Beroev, N. Gogichayshvili - Gogichaev.
    What kind of Georgians they are, the Ossetians who were forced to add -dze or -shvili to their surname. Without these additions to the surname in Georgia, it was hard to live. In August 2008, I personally saw how Georgians can fight. Very weak. But they run perfectly. Georgians who fought in the Great Patriotic War and those who now live in Georgia are completely different people. Georgian youth do not know Russian, but they know English (American).
    1. IGOREK
      IGOREK 14 May 2013 16: 12
      You wrote such a fucking thing now, about surnames, about war, about language. It is pointless to argue about the first two points, reluctance to go into history, you can judge the last by my writings.
    2. bakso
      bakso 14 May 2013 22: 03
      Thanks to the author for the article, only one thing is offensive, the article seems to be peaceful, constructive, without insulting and humiliating someone, but still there are rams that are few in number, you must definitely ... and how the earth carries you ...
  8. omsbon
    omsbon 14 May 2013 10: 05
    “If a division has less than 50% of Russians, then it must be disbanded” - I.Kh. Bagromyan
    I think the marshal knew what he was saying! Although a significant contribution to the victory of all the peoples of the USSR is foolish to deny!
    1. Marat
      Marat 13 June 2013 11: 46
      To be more precise, the Slavs want to offend the other heroic nations of the USSR least of all, but really the war veterans considered the most combat-ready units made up of Russians, Belarusians and Ukrainians, while adding that the Georgians, Armenians and Tatars showed themselves very well. that victory was forged by all the nations of the USSR.
    BETELGEUSE 14 May 2013 11: 09
    sdrastuite, esli vi ne znaite? vetom voine iz gruzii 700 cheloveka uchastvoval, iz etix pogibli bolee 000 chelovek! etot pokazatel sami bolshoe poterie v procentax iz uchastuvovshix stran CCCP! esli ne verite naidite eti pokazateli.
    bolshoe sposibo avtoru, za etu statiu!

    a chto kosaitsa otnosheniax sevodnia mejdu nami? ludzi priejaite v gruziu i vi uvidite chto mi ochen drujelubnie ludzi i provoslavnie! unas kajdi god mnogo rosiani i ukrainci priejaiut, sprosite ix i vi uznaite o nas mnogo xoroshevo! priejaite na primer v gorod batumi, prikrasnoe mesto dla otdixa na more! pochti vse gruzini normalna znaiut ruski iazik, tak chto vetom ne budet u vas problem :)
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 14 May 2013 11: 32
      What is this gibberish?
      1. Egoza
        14 May 2013 11: 47
        Quote: omsbon
        What is this gibberish?

        This is on the keyboard and on the computer there is no Russian language. So he writes in Russian, but in Latin letters. In principle, you can disassemble.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. lewerlin53rus
          lewerlin53rus 14 May 2013 13: 07
          There is a special button for this ..
          Quote: BETELGEUSE
          grow up if you don’t know? a veteran soldier from Georgia participated 700, of which more than 000 people died! This indicator is itself a large loss in percentage of the participating countries of the CCC! if you do not believe, see these indicators.
          Thank you very much to the author, for this article!

          But what about the relationship with the current day? luji come to georgia and you will see that i am very different luji and proclamation! Unas Kaidi year many Rosians and Ukrainians come, ask them and you will find out a lot about us! Take, for example, the city of Batumi, a beautiful place for relaxation on the sea! almost all Georgians are normal, they know Russian and Asian, so you will not have problems with a vet :)
          1. lewerlin53rus
            lewerlin53rus 14 May 2013 16: 40
            Omsbon, justify the minus.
            1. omsbon
              omsbon 14 May 2013 19: 48
              Dear Eugene!
              If you think that you have given a translation into Russian, then you and I are on different positions. By the way, I would like to note that all these representatives of Georgia are very sensitive to their language and its spelling.
              In the absence of the Russian language on the clave, I do not believe it, most likely this is an attempt to demonstrate my attitude to Russia.
              1. lewerlin53rus
                lewerlin53rus 14 May 2013 20: 29
                I did not give a translation. The translation was given by a computer, for which there is a button, which is the far right in the row of buttons at the top in the comment window, which I tried to explain in case someone did not know this. request
    2. Anat1974
      Anat1974 14 May 2013 20: 59
      I agree. It is necessary to listen less to Lobuda on TV, but to watch more and draw conclusions yourself (by the way, this applies to all Russians, Georgians and Congolese). What they hang us from the TV box is what we believe, they say the bastards do not want to speak Russian, we repeat: "Yes, bastards", they say we hate Russians "Here are bastards." I have not been to Georgia, but I know a lot of Georgians, to be honest, the ratio of bastards and normal among them is not in our favor. And the Georgians honestly fought in the Second World War, if they do not want to respect their memory in Georgia, then this memory must be respected by us. They defended us as well, without asking our nationality.
  10. Rainger
    Rainger 14 May 2013 12: 09
    Eeee, do not consider it to be disrespectful to a person, but in my opinion Zoya Rukhadze just didn’t know anything ... I am alarmed by endless descriptions about allegedly senseless torture and persistent communists ... For some reason, the Wehrmacht’s professionalism is universally recognized and the IV-e RSHA administration for some reason somehow she constantly cannot knock evidence from people without special training .... it’s strange ...
    1. Drosselmeyer
      Drosselmeyer 14 May 2013 15: 02
      In the local branches of the Gestapo, many former employees of the criminal investigation department of Germany served. They knew how to work, this is confirmed by the executions of the underground. I do not understand your perplexity about the senselessness of torturing the underground. They tried not for fun, and many tortures yielded results and led to failures. How do you imagine getting evidence in the occupied territory, where the Germans considered people to be cattle, to conduct interrogations with a lawyer and in criminal proceedings?
      By the way, the main failures of the underground began in the year 44, due to the intensification of their actions in the interests of the upcoming offensive of the Red Army in the Crimea. People started to make mistakes.
      1. ed65b
        ed65b 14 May 2013 17: 56
        And they are now in the "war" carried out in the same way, have worn out, fished out everything and at the expense. Only time has not changed the methods. read "Sonny" Shurygin a vivid example.
        1. Rainger
          Rainger 15 May 2013 04: 24
          Well, right now, they can inject some kind of medication ... and even then, as far as I know, scopolamine was pricked up so that I could untie the tongue, don’t worry, I don’t have any illusions, I just got sick of the Soviet officialdom ....
      2. Rainger
        Rainger 15 May 2013 04: 22
        About "meaninglessness" is from the literature of the Soviet period, so the question is not for me, but for the official Soviet propaganda literature ...
        I perfectly imagine the methods of operational work by both the Gestapo and Abwehr (I don’t know if Kripo acted on the territory of the USSR) ... It seems like they press a minus on this resource and then think or don’t think in principle ... And I doubt that the interrogations were addicted a mandatory part of the program when dealing with suspects ...
  11. Yun Klob
    Yun Klob 14 May 2013 14: 30
    And Saakashvilli said that Georgians in Russia were slaves. He is the official face of Grusia.
  12. Semurg
    Semurg 14 May 2013 16: 50
    when I was 16-17 years old at a dance there was a group fight the police came, who didn’t have time to run away and twisted me. While they were going to the ROVD, I imagined how I would be silent for questioning. And there the captain on duty tenderly took his hand and squeezed his fingers between the door and I didn’t notice how I told everything by the jamb. After this incident, I very much respect Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya and others who endured torture and did not hand over anyone. In their place, I probably could not stand it and told me everything that I know and that I don’t know. and missing, and captured, and defeated schism.
  13. ed65b
    ed65b 14 May 2013 17: 50
    All this was in the past, now there is anger at neighbors and complete submission to the West. there is not even a Russian keyboard in Georgia. Georgian politicians divorced us forever. And it will only get worse. After all, we will not give the back one with Ossetians and Abkhazians. And they have no more heroes. All got out. Georgia is a free country and has made its choice in favor of subjugation to the west. And the people will not change a fig because new "brothers" will not be stupid.
    1. IGOREK
      IGOREK 14 May 2013 18: 56
      And I from what clave do you write?
      1. ed65b
        ed65b 15 May 2013 19: 18
        You ask your fellow countryman he is higher.
  14. Lexo
    Lexo 14 May 2013 18: 40
    the people of Georgia are not to blame for Saakashvili! there are "throw away" technologies ... today, very few countries can afford to overcome the US decate (Dolar) ... Taking into account the defeat of the USSR in the Cold War, it is ridiculous and stupid to say that we are influencing at least something! Maybe the current scribbles here will do .... and the People do not want war! Let's love to drink wine and build Happiness and not Trouble ...
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 14 May 2013 19: 52
      Quote: Lexo
      the people of Georgia are not to blame for Saakashvili! there are "throw away" technologies ... today very few countries can afford to overcome the US decatate (Dolar) ...

      That's it! The Americans did not give Saakashvili money so that he would make the people of Georgia happy. But in order to pit two nations against the backdrop of the country's economic problems !!!
      But Saakashvili is like that ... disposable tableware !!!
  15. hommer
    hommer 14 May 2013 20: 39
    The article is good. A plus.
    Here is more about our common victory of such articles in the Georgian media, in all history textbooks, and even in all countries of the former USSR, Saakashvili and the like would not have a single chance to get into power.
  16. Anat1974
    Anat1974 14 May 2013 21: 17
    The article is instructive, and for us in the first place. Recently, we have been bluntly saying on many sites and forums "rolling a barrel" to both Ukrainians and Georgians, we do not forget Azerbaijanis, etc. It is such articles that sober up our ardent patriotism on the verge of Nazi a little (although I have nothing against healthy patriotism). Politicians come and go, but peoples remain. Saakashvili has practically already left, and we are ordinary people have already fought among ourselves, although neither the Georgians personally did anything bad to me, nor I did them. As it seems to me, it is precisely to distribute the people who were brothers before the main task of s and others like him, and they succeed. Well, I think so.
    1. Lexo
      Lexo 15 May 2013 10: 49
      Bravo! Just divide and rule! but we are smart people! able to think! The Caucasus has always been a health resort ... for now, we are a powerful enemy in the United States! When we unite, we will become invincible! our grandfathers have proved it!
      one day we will unfurl the banners of our ancestors again and have to GIVE A BATTLE to be cleansed of paskud ...
    2. ed65b
      ed65b 15 May 2013 19: 21
      The Georgians personally killed our peacekeepers for what they got a snot. And believe me, if you were there you would have killed the same.
  17. SIT
    SIT 14 May 2013 22: 27
    These are the articles that need to be published everywhere in the former USSR. So that young people understand who they are and to whom they owe what they just have in this world. Maybe then if some thread the next eater of ties decides to blow up a monument to the people who gave their lives for their homeland, they will rise up to one and send this freak away for a long time.
  18. bublic82009
    bublic82009 14 May 2013 23: 05
    it is not clear why this article? they loved their homeland of the USSR. the current generation of Georgians loves the USA and bucks. they are hammered into their brains to grovel in front of the West for 1 eureka is fashionable and worthy of a Georgian. all those heroes are already forgotten by Georgians.
    1. Lexo
      Lexo 15 May 2013 10: 55
      you might think you don’t like Bucks ... I personally feel sick that moral honor and dignity are so easily sold for bucks everywhere without exception! no need to blame the impoverished Georgia that people simply do not have enough for a decent life ..... if you open a case with cash in front of you - I can imagine your face ....
      stop insulting us - our ancestors died with yours and our fathers were friends with yours! but the fact that today is the result of the loss of the USSR in the Cold War ..
  19. ed65b
    ed65b 15 May 2013 19: 23
    Lexo do not distort, we had the mind not to go to conquer the Crimea.
  20. Lexo
    Lexo 17 May 2013 12: 49
    you just weren't allowed to go anywhere .. unfortunately ..
  21. Lexo
    Lexo 17 May 2013 13: 05
    and by the way, and you are in the same Barrel ... I was born and raised in the USSR and I was always hammered that we are FRIENDS ... and what is a Friend for a Georgian? and what I see over these 20 years ... Bravo is not the CIA for the work done, but the shame for US - that they are so easily ready right up to shoot at each other ..
    Stalin once said that one day future generations will be able to overcome the Information Vacuum created by the West and understand what the banners of their ancestors are deployed to and then give battle!