Military Review

Money from Stalin. Soviet system of monetary reward for military success. Part of 2

30
Ground troops


In August 1941 of the year, except for the pilots, it was decided to financially encourage the paratroopers. 29 August 1941, Joseph Stalin signed the order number 0329 "On improving the leadership of the Red Army airborne troops." According to this document, for each combat landing operation, the command personnel received a monthly salary, and the ordinary for 500 rubles.

Why paratroopers allocated among other troops? The answer is simple. Landing operations were accompanied by great risk and danger, the losses were very high. The command wanted to somehow support the paratroopers. True, it must be said that mass airborne operations during the years of the Great Patriotic War were rare. More often, paratroopers were used as regular infantry.

Then they began to reward and ground forces for the destruction tanks the enemy. For their destruction they paid tankers, artillerymen and infantry. Bonus payments for the destruction of enemy manpower were not provided. The reason is obvious. Firstly, the moral factor. Paying for “scalps” was not in Russian (Soviet) traditions. Secondly, the problem arose of counting the killed enemies and determining who killed them. In the confusion of the battle, when retreats were replaced by offensives, it was almost impossible. The same problem arose with respect to enemy guns. How to count? With tanks it was a bit easier.

First, documents appeared about the cash bonuses for the evacuation and repair of their own equipment from the battlefield. 25 February 1942 of the year issued an order number 0140 "On bonuses of personnel of automotive armored repair parts for fast and high-quality repair of tanks" (Russian archive: Great Patriotic War: Orders of USSR Commissar of Defense. T 13 (2-2). M 2-3). ., 1997). 350 rubles began to pay for high-quality and fast maintenance of a heavy KV tank, and 800 rubles for medium repairs. For the repair of the medium tank T-34 - 250 and 500 rubles; for light tanks BT, T-26, T-40 and T-60 - 100 and 200 rubles, respectively. The order stipulated that for each payment, the commissioner and the commander of the unit were charged with 5%, at least 70% of the total amount was intended for the personnel of the unit, the remainder of the premium was distributed between the manager and the maintenance unit of the repair and restoration unit.

7 May 1942, Deputy People's Commissar of Defense, Lieutenant-General Tank Forces Fedorenko signed an order No. 035733 “on the introduction of cash awards for evacuating tanks ...”. For each tank removed from the territory occupied by the enemy or from the neutral zone, a monetary reward was established: for KV - 5 thousand rubles, T-34 - 2 thousand rubles, T-60 and T-70 - 500 rubles. For tanks of other models also set the amount of rewards: for a heavy tank - 5 thousand rubles, for an average tank - 2 thousand, for a light tank - 500 rubles. It should be noted that the evacuation of their tanks was valued much higher than the destruction of enemy tanks. True, we must take into account the complexity of the evacuation of the wrecked tank from the territory captured by the enemy and the fact that the amount was shared among all participants in the evacuation group.

According to the order number 98 from 31 in March 1942, it was necessary to pay for each repaired guns of corps artillery and artillery of the Reserve of the High Command - 100 rubles for maintenance and 200 rubles for average repairs. Accordingly, for the anti-aircraft gun - 75 and 150 rubles, weapons division artillery - 40 and 80 rubles gun regimental artillery - 30 and 60 rubles gun anti-tank artillery - 15 and 30 rubles, machine gun - 10 and 20 rubles, machine gun and machine - 5 and 10 rubles, for each repaired 100 rifles - 100 and 200 rubles.

1 July 1942, the order No. 0528. According to him, for each enemy tank wrecked, the gun commander and gunner were supposed to have 500 rubles, and the other members of the gun crew, for 200 rubles. At the same time, the commanding personnel of the anti-tank artillery units began to receive one-and-a-half salary, and the junior commanding and rank-and-file composition - a double one. 24 June 1943 of the Year appeared "Order on encouraging fighters and commanders for combat work to destroy enemy tanks" No. 0387. For each enemy tank that was hit or set on fire, the gunner of an anti-tank gun received a reward of 500 rubles, the number of PTR - 250 rubles; the commander, driver, tank gun commander - 500 rubles, the rest of the crew - 200 rubles. A monetary award was established in 1 thousand rubles for each soldier or commander for personally attacking or setting fire to the enemy’s tank using individual means of combat (grenades and bottles of combustible mixture). In the case of group destruction of an enemy tank, the size of the prize increased to 1,5 thousand rubles, it was paid in equal shares to all members of the group.

In the fall of 1942, the Soviet leadership paid attention to the training of tank drivers. 18 November 1942 of the year appeared the order number 372, he established for the drivers of tanks driving classes. The order noted that successful actions of tanks depend primarily on the skill of their drivers. The following qualification categories were established: tank driving master (he received a monthly additional remuneration in the amount of 150 rubles); driver of the 1 class tank (in addition 80 rubles); driver of the 2 class tank (50 rubles); 3 tank driver class.

Money from Stalin. Soviet system of monetary reward for military success. Part of 2 The most "monetary" battle

There is no exact data on who exactly carried out the most “monetary” battle during the years of World War II. But it can be a torpedo bomber, Hero of the Soviet Union Mikhail Vladimirovich Borisov. May 4, 1945 aviation The Baltic Fleet attacked the battleship "Slesien" and a group of enemy ships. During the battle, the battleship, the Orion auxiliary cruiser, two destroyers, two minesweepers, a patrol ship and six transports were sunk. According to Borisov, he received 10 thousand rubles for torpedoing a battleship. This is the largest amount received for one combat operation, which is currently known.

And the largest amount accumulated on the savings bank during the war is reported in the memoirs of Nikolai Fedorovich Golovchenko, the navigator of the U-2 navigator. According to him, the salary was 950 rubles, he was added for each flight, nightly, etc. It came out over 3 thousand per month. By the end of the war, about 50 thousands had accumulated. After the war, it was good help to relatives who lived on the verge of starvation.

Encourage inventors. Cash prizes were received not only by the front-line soldiers, but also by inventors, designers. In particular, in March 1943, the inventors P.M. Goryunov, V.E. Voronkov and M.M. Goryunov for the new model 7,62 mm easel machine gun, which in its operational and production characteristics significantly exceeded the analogous machine gun Maxim, received the award for 5 thousand rubles each. Thus, the award of the inventor-gunsmith was equal to the amount received by the pilots of the Heroes of the Soviet Union.

Ruble on the front line

In order to understand the significance of the prizes, it is necessary to know how much generals, officers and soldiers received per month. 27 September 1947 of the year issued an order number 0374, which established an increased salary of content in the category “Senior Red Army”. The gunners of the guns and mortars were paid 15 rubles per month, the first numbers of anti-tank guns and machine guns were 12 rubles. 50 cop., Fighters armed with a submachine gun (automatic) in rifle and cavalry regiments - 12 rub. 50 cop Then, to encourage snipers, it was determined to pay 25 sniper rifles per month, junior sergeants in the first and second year of service - 30 rubles, in the third year - 100 rubles, sergeants -35 and 200 rubles, respectively (Kustov, V. M. Price of victory in rubles. M., 2010).

The minimum monetary allowance received penalty box - 8 rubles. 50 cop Penalties appointed to the positions of junior commanders received maintenance according to the positions they held. In addition to the guilty "variable composition" in the penal connections, those who belonged to the "permanent composition" served as commanders and specialists, they were not guilty of any crimes and were encouraged. So their terms of service in the ranks, compared with the command, the political composition of the usual combat units were reduced by half. In addition, each month of service in the permanent composition of the penal battalion was counted when calculating pensions for six months.

Since March 1943, the following general salaries have been established for the generals: comfronts - 4 thousand rubles, a member of the Military Council of the front - 3,5 thousand rubles, first deputy commander - 3,4 thousand rubles, deputy commander for rear services - 3,2 thousand rubles, front headquarters - 3,2 thousand rubles, commander - 3,2 thousand rubles, member of the Military Council of the army - 2,8 thousand rubles, deputy army commander - 2,6 thousand rubles, army head - 2,6 thousand rubles, air army commander - 3,4 thousand rubles, chief air officer Army - 2,7 thousand rubles.

In 1941, the entire senior, senior, middle, and junior commanding staff in the guards units was set up with one-and-a-half salary, the ordinary composition - double. The commanding composition of the Airborne Forces received an average salary between the salaries of the commanders of the Air Force and the ground forces. Junior commanders and the rank and file of the airborne troops received a cadet ration and a salary of 25% more than in rifle units. In 1942, the commanders of anti-tank units and divisions began to receive one-and-a-half salary, and junior commanders and line-ups - double.

How to manage the money?

Some veterans generally deny the fact of bonus. This was partly due to the conditions of the war, when often, especially in the initial period, it was difficult to establish a normal supply of troops. Not in all parts began to pay cash rewards immediately after the signing of the relevant orders. Often the payments depended on the disposition of commanders and military financiers in the units.

In addition, in this difficult time for the country were unscrupulous people, and just nasty people who were responsible for financial affairs. They used the fact that the military simply did not know about the prizes, or did not defend their right to them, or died; as a result, in the memoirs there are reports of entire bags full of money, which some commanders had.

The tankman Boris Zakharov gave a very characteristic answer for a man of that era: “They say it was supposed to. I, frankly, did not know what my cash content was. When they arrived at the formation, he came to the head of finance, signed. For what he gave me money - I do not know. The certificate I issued the mother. Yes, it was not before! Alive and well, and more money or less is not so important ”(Internet site“ I remember. ”Memories of veterans of the Second World War).

Many military sent money to parents, relatives, made out certificates for them. In the rear, food security was worse than at the front line. This supported the families of the military. Others transferred money to the families of the dead fellow soldiers. Often such decisions were collective. In particular, the tank crews of the 233 Tank Brigade did this. Someone saved money, received a lump sum at the end of the war. Many voluntarily, or as they like with us, voluntarily-forcibly transferred money to the Defense Fund. It is clear that someone was drinking premium, people are people. It is hard to save money, knowing that tomorrow may simply not come.

Providing military families

28 April 1943 was issued by the Resolution of the Council of People's Commissars No. 462 “On providing families of generals and senior officers of the Red Army of the dead, dead and missing at the front without a trace”. Lump-sum allowances were relied upon for wives if there were no disabled persons in the family who were dependent on the military, spouses of generals - 50 thousand rubles, wives of senior commanding officers (majors, lieutenant colonels and colonels) - 10 thousand rubles. If there is one disabled 75 and 15 in the family, thou. respectively; if there are two or more disabled in the family - 100 and 20 thousand rubles.

At the same time, the families of the generals and the senior officers of the dead who died in the battles, or missing, were assigned a housing area, which they had previously occupied. And if the area was temporarily occupied by the enemy, the family was provided with the appropriate housing area in the place that she chose to reside. Pupils received a pension before graduation, regardless of age, excellent students received a pension regardless of the payment of scholarships. Generals' families were provided with lettered food (on the highest level) and supplied with food and manufactured goods along with the families of generals who served in the Red Army. The wives of the generals were included in the number of persons who were entitled to a pension, regardless of working ability and age.

Families of privates and sergeants of the Red Army and fleet received a monthly allowance. On June 26, 1941, a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council was issued on benefits for families of military personnel of junior command personnel and rank and file in wartime. Allowances were given to families drafted into the Red Army, Navy, border and internal troops of the NKVD, except for families of extra-military personnel. If there are no able-bodied people in the family, the amount of the monthly allowance was as follows: if there is one disabled, 100 rubles; two disabled - 150 rubles; three or more - 200 rubles in the city and 100 rubles in the countryside. If there are two children in the family under 16 years old, with one able-bodied in the family, 100 rubles in the city and 50 rubles in the countryside. Apparently, it was believed that in rural areas it would be easier to feed a family.

After the end of World War II there was a massive demobilization. The demobilized military was entitled to a lump-sum monetary reward, which depended on the time of service. Ordinary all types of troops and services received an annual salary for each year of service. Ordinary special units, which received high maintenance during the war, received a semi-annual salary for each year of service. Sergeants of all types of troops and services - semi-annual salary within 300 - 900 rubles for each year of service. In one year of service during the war, the command personnel received a two-month salary, two years a three-month salary, three years a four-month salary, four years a five-month salary.

In addition, in areas heavily affected by hostilities, banks were required to issue loans to demobilized people in need for the rehabilitation and construction of residential buildings in the amount of 5 - 10 thousand rubles with a loan maturity from 5 to 10 years. Generals and senior commanders who had served 25 in the Red Army for more than 10 years could also get a loan for individual housing and country house construction. Generals could get a loan in 35 thousand rubles, and senior commanders - 20 thousand rubles. Maturity - 10 years.
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Money from Stalin. Soviet system of monetary reward for military success
Money from Stalin. Soviet system of monetary reward for military success. Part of 2
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  1. Sakhalininsk
    Sakhalininsk 10 May 2013 07: 43
    12
    Whoever said that, but our grandfathers fought not for money, but for their homeland. For money it’s not possible to fight like that.
    Nevertheless, the reward system normal and correct decision encouraged military success.
    1. killganoff
      killganoff 10 May 2013 09: 19
      +5
      I fully agree! They serve the homeland not for money, but for a sense of duty to the Fatherland! For the money they serve the state.
      1. MrK
        MrK 23 May 2018 12: 53
        0
        Quote: killganoff
        They serve the homeland not for money, but for a sense of duty to the Fatherland!

        About this, Stalin said: - You can certainly talk like that. If you are a communist, then no matter where they are sent, shout “cheers” and go into battle. It is right. For the communist himself. But the party must also take care of its members. Where did you come from, comrades, that they are launching an attack on bare enthusiasm? The task of the communist is to perform labor and feat not for the sake of money. Our task is to make these feats worthy of reward!
  2. avt
    avt 10 May 2013 09: 14
    +4
    Good sequel! Another sewn in the ass to the liberoids, the de-Stalinists, screaming that the commissars of the barracks had sent people to attack.
    1. German
      German 12 May 2013 12: 57
      +1
      dear "avt", you are too kind person! Not "awl", well, not "awl" !!! there are things more interesting ... for example, scrap.
      1. Felix200970
        Felix200970 12 May 2013 19: 55
        0
        Quote: German
        there are things more interesting ... like scrap.

        I fully support. At the same time, my head will not hang out :)
  3. igordok
    igordok 10 May 2013 09: 36
    0
    Was there a reward for the captured equipment or was it simply considered destroyed?
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 10 May 2013 14: 08
      0
      It is more profitable for an ordinary and junior command staff to destroy a trophy and get money. Well, or use it yourself.
    2. sergeschern
      sergeschern 11 May 2013 10: 38
      +2
      Nobody destroyed the captured equipment - it was used whenever possible: my mother flew on the captured U-88 (Separate Communication Division of the Civil Fleet)
  4. Kars
    Kars 10 May 2013 12: 19
    +1
    Baltic Fleet aircraft attacked the battleship Slesien and a group of enemy ships. During the battle the battleship, auxiliary cruiser Orion, was sunk


    not that preratsa, but for order. not a battleship, but an armadillo
    Since 1917, a training ship and blocking in Kiel, since 1918 - a training ship of the marine cadets. In 1926-27, modernized and rearmament. Until 1935, he was listed in the combat crew of the Reichsmarine and then the Kriegsmarine. For some time he was the flagship of the fleet. In 1935, it was overhauled. Then he became the training vessel of the naval cadets. In the spring of 1945, it was damaged by a bottom mine in the Baltic Sea, and then by Soviet aircraft on April 3, 1945 in Swinemuende. May 4, 1945 there was blown up by torpedoes from the German destroyer T-36. In the years 1949-70, gradually disassembled into metal
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 10 May 2013 14: 14
      0
      Well, the money paid as a battleship? ;)
      Kars, here I destroyed the Pz-IV tank. Will they pay me for it as medium or heavy? Do you think in overhead letters the modifications were taken into account?
      1. Kars
        Kars 10 May 2013 14: 35
        +1
        Quote: Andrey77
        Well, the money paid as a battleship? ;)

        And this does not matter. It is more interesting what will be on the lists at the end of the war, and whether the number of battleships of Germany will coincide with the number of sunk battleships of the same Germany.
        Quote: Andrey77
        Will they pay me for it as medium or heavy?

        And if I honestly did not notice the gradation in the price list for tanks. But the interesting point is that tigers and ferdinands were destroyed several times more than they were built.
        Quote: Andrey77
        Do you think in overhead letters the modifications were taken into account?

        Well, a tank is still a tank, but battleships and battleships are piece goods.
        1. COBOK
          COBOK 11 May 2013 03: 12
          0
          And about tigers and ferdinants, Baryatinsky has: sometimes they wrote about the modified T-4 "tiger" with some kind of addition (I don't remember exactly, I'm too lazy to watch), and then in the same spirit, but our soldiers did not really take their word for it - checked, so the statistics are more or less correct.
        2. Felix200970
          Felix200970 12 May 2013 20: 01
          +1
          Quote: Kars
          It is more interesting what will be in the lists at the end of the war, and whether the number of battleships of Germany will coincide with the number of sunk battleships of the same Germany.

          I can give a guarantee what happened. For the inspector-auditor of the financial service is a rare bastard, drinking exclusively vodka and not taking bribes.
  5. Takashi
    Takashi 10 May 2013 12: 30
    +4
    I think the article should be renamed:
    Soviet system of monetary compensation for military successes 1941-1947

    "Money from Stalin." - sounds like not very much. The money was allocated not by Stalin, but by the Government (in particular, the Politburo decided these issues). You can write exaggerated - the money came from the people.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 10 May 2013 13: 27
      -2
      Quote: Takashi
      "Money from Stalin." - sounds like not very much. It was not Stalin who allocated the money ...

      Encouragement of those not involved, punishment of those not guilty ...
      Now it’s customary for the shit-democrats to blame everything bad on Putin, and everything good, as it were, itself happens.
      Do you propose to extend this logic to all managers?
      1. MrK
        MrK 23 May 2018 12: 57
        0
        Quote: Boris55
        Do you propose to extend this logic to all managers?

        “We want,” said Stalin, “to have a state apparatus as a means of serving the masses, and some people want to turn it into an article of feeding.”
        Conclusion. If the latter, then at all.
  6. Fibrizio
    Fibrizio 10 May 2013 12: 45
    +1
    As far as I heard, both from the mailbox and from the personally memoirs of our veterans, this money almost completely went to various aid funds. So it was definitely not for money that they fought. How much I read, I never found that the soldiers would especially buy something with this money. Maybe some part of the house was sent, but I personally have not heard about it, although it is possible.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 10 May 2013 13: 44
      -1
      And not in the memoirs of veterans of the Great Patriotic War Wherever you heard talk about salary?
      As far as I remember there was such a TV show "Prize" and that is not about the salary, but about the prize. Maybe indirectly, in "Operation Y ..." - "Study student. Who does not work - he eats." That's probably all that came to mind.
      It is not customary for us to discuss and relish this widely.
    2. Andrey77
      Andrey77 10 May 2013 14: 12
      +1
      Depended on the part. The party organizer decided all the money - to the defense fund, no one would object.
    3. COBOK
      COBOK 11 May 2013 03: 14
      0
      Read carefully: who gave to the defense fund, who sent home, who drank, read that instructors in ZAP bought planes to get to the front ...
    4. MrK
      MrK 23 May 2018 13: 00
      0
      Quote: Fibrizio
      but I personally have not heard about it, although it is possible.

      All right. If I do not see the table behind the wall, then it does not exist. And if they didn’t say this about the box, then this was not the same.
  7. bublic82009
    bublic82009 10 May 2013 13: 26
    +2
    Well, all behave like hypocrites? when the increased money paid in Afghanistan, Chernobyl or Chechnya, everything is fine. but as during the Second World War so for the idea. do not forget to feed not so hot and the soldiers bought food from the population, if they were not given so. people were different and behaved differently. money is a materialized economic relationship between people. and let’s say it was a gratitude to the soldiers for their military work. and labor must be paid. especially with a risk to life.
    1. COBOK
      COBOK 11 May 2013 03: 16
      +1
      Sorry, but what is paying for work bad? or is it a sin to pay for a good deed?
  8. the polar
    the polar 10 May 2013 13: 52
    +2
    Memoirs of the Stalinist Minister of Finance A.G. Zverev "Stalin and Money".
    There he writes in detail about the reward system of front-line soldiers. Very interesting book.
  9. ABV
    ABV 10 May 2013 14: 31
    +1
    Here and look: repressions, satrap, detachments ... something does not fit into these "liberalistic schemes" - the monetary reward of the front-line soldiers !!!
  10. Pimply
    Pimply 10 May 2013 20: 38
    0
    During the war, a loaf of bread in Central Asia, according to the recollection of the then-maternal grandfather, cost 100 rubles.

    Here is more data, this is Chelyabinsk.

    In the first month of the war, the prewar price level was still preserved in the bazaars. Milk cost 3-4 rubles. per liter, a kilogram of meat - 18-24 rubles., Potatoes - 2-2,5 rubles. per kilo. Since August 1941, prices began to skyrocket and peaked in May 1943: a kilogram of pork - 400 rubles, beef - 320 rubles, flour - 230 rubles, potatoes - 76 rubles, cabbage - 70 rubles. A liter of sunflower oil - 500 rubles, milk - 76, a dozen eggs - 180 rubles. In the city of Gorky, the maximum price was recorded in January 1943: butter - 950 rubles. per 1 kg, vegetable oil - 590, pork - 512 rubles. for 1 kg.

    The cost of one bottle of vodka on the market by the middle of the war reached an astronomical amount of 1000 rubles.

    In the Urals, in June 1941, a cash cow cost 2-2,5 thousand rubles, in 1942 - 40-50 thousand rubles. With this money you could buy a T-34 tank, and for three cows - an Il-2 attack aircraft.

    Workers in military factories received 600-700 rubles, in other industries - 300-600 rubles, railway drivers - up to 1 thousand rubles, a doctor in a hospital - 600-800 rubles, a typist in an institution - 200-250 rub., cleaning lady - 160 rub. It should be borne in mind that at least one salary per year, or even more, was given to the so-called military loan. During the war years, four of them were released, and they brought about 76 million rubles. In addition, in order to additionally attract the population’s money to the state budget, in addition to war loans, issues of cash and clothing lotteries were carried out, which gave the state a little more than 12 million rubles. At the end of December 1941, the so-called “military tax” was introduced, which amounted to 12% of the salary.
  11. valokordin
    valokordin 10 May 2013 21: 01
    +3
    So under Stalin, the military received good money, paid both for orders and medals, a volunteer came and canceled all this. The current Svinadze, the beer makers, the p ... zners don’t know how to get rid of the leader, a hundred devils in their throats. It's a shame that GDP and DAM are echoed by them, especially before the foreigners.
  12. washi
    washi 10 May 2013 21: 51
    +2
    Under Stalin, those who worked and achieved real results were valued. Both in industry and in war. Khrushchev ALL poheril.
    1. MrK
      MrK 23 May 2018 13: 15
      0
      Quote: Vasya
      Khrushchev ALL poheril


      I agree. Dmitry Ustinov, Minister of Defense of the USSR, already in the last year of his life, when it was a question of Khrushchev at a meeting of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee on the rehabilitation of V.M. Molotova, G.M. Malenkova, L.M. Kaganovich, said this: “NO ENEMY HAS BROUGHT SO MUCH ADVERSE, HOW MUCH HAS BROUGHT US KHRUSHCHEV WITH ITS POLICY REGARDING OUR PAST PARTY AND STATE, AS WELL AS ABOUT STALIN."
  13. cpk72
    cpk72 11 May 2013 00: 19
    0
    about money from 13.20, I recommend a full view.
  14. jjj
    jjj 11 May 2013 00: 42
    0
    Take a closer look at the award books of your relatives (who have). I once read a curious entry in a book for a medal, God forbid, memory, still apparently "For military service." So it says there that the recipient has the right to free travel in city public transport. We drove right after the war. And already in the mid-fifties, such benefits were canceled. Closer to the 30th anniversary of the Victory, the Heroes of the Soviet Union had the right to receive an apartment at their place of permanent residence. The footage and landscaping were agreed. Unfortunately, I don't remember. Even Heroes and full cavaliers of "Glory" were served without queuing at cash desks, shops, household services, etc. For the 40th anniversary of the veterans-front-line soldiers were awarded the Order of the Patriotic War II degree. It was not immediately clear why. The order immediately lost its significance in public view. But in recent memory, when the benefits were monetized, it turned out that each medal, each order gives an additional payment to the pension.
    By the way, apartments "all front-line soldiers" have already been given to the 40th anniversary of the Victory. I personally knew people who traveled to cities and registered with children and grandchildren in order to improve their living conditions.
    1. COBOK
      COBOK 11 May 2013 03: 19
      +1
      According to the memoirs (IREMEMBER and Drabkin's books), there were additional payments for the awards during the war, and for the "guard" (in the guards units) the additional payments were higher than for any award
  15. valiant
    valiant 11 May 2013 14: 21
    +2
    To understand the price of “premium” money, very well help, for example, the memoirs of the Hero of the Soviet Union gunner Mikhail Fedorovich Borisov:

    “He ran to the cannon, the shell was already in the breech. He grabbed the flywheels ... shot - burns. He ran for the shell, loaded, shot - hit. I ran away again. Then I hear some clatter, I turn my head, the battalion commander with two shells runs. The red-nosed one behind him, also with the shell. The third tank took two shells. He made several more shots - three tanks caught fire. A tankman jumped out of one tank. I still remember: a thin one in black overalls, a face so thin, standing and threatening us with his fist. I'm like a scream: "Shrapnel!" The guys loaded with shrapnel. I hit him on the tower. I absolutely did not need him, but such excitement ... Agippo shouts: "Tanks on the left!" With a jerk we deploy the cannon. Sharply working with the flywheels, I catch the head in the crosshairs, I press the trigger - there is no shot! Oru: “Shell!” I press - there is no shot! Again: "Shell!" I press - there is no shot !! He turned around - one and a half meters lay with a shell the seriously wounded Agippo; heavily shell-shocked Red Nose crouched at the stacks. He grabbed a shell from Agippo, loaded it, fired - it burns. While running after the next shell, one of the tanks broke through to the cannon itself, at a distance of maybe 60–70 meters. A few more seconds, and he would have crushed me. There was no thought, to wait for him to substitute a convenient place for me. I very roughly put the barrel in his forehead and pressed the trigger - a sheaf of sparks. Nothing, of course, happened to him. But he stopped and fired. A piece of blue sky remained in my memory, and a wheel from my gun revolves in it ... It was my 8th tank, but it was not credited to me. Only seven paid and paid. After all, then they paid for a damaged tank 500 rubles. In total, in this battle, the battery destroyed 16 of 79 tanks. Three survived, having left at the height of the battle towards Yakovlev. The battery performed brilliantly. Yes, at the cost of death, but if the tanks captured Prokhorovka, more blood would have been shed. I was lucky again. Nearby was the Communist Party corps commander General Popov Alexei Fedorovich, who saw the whole battle. Until now, he is grateful that he, as the head of the political department Schukin later told me, demanded to save "this guy." He was on a car, and literally pulled me out of the fire. "
  16. Gavrn
    Gavrn 12 May 2013 20: 36
    0
    The point is not what they fought for, but the fact that they VALUED people. After all, what can a leader encourage people? Diploma, personally congratulate the team. This must be in the place of action, and top management cannot be everywhere. So it turns out that the country's leaders have the opportunity only financial incentives.