Military Review

Starinov Ilya Grigorievich - century saboteur

30
Starinov Ilya Grigorievich (born 2 on August 1900 of the year in the village of Voinovo in the Oryol region, died 18 on November 2000 of the year) - Soviet military leader, partisan-saboteur, colonel, “grandfather of Russian special forces”. From 1902, the Starinov family, which consisted of an 8 person, lived in a railroad booth. One night the boy woke up from loud explosions. It turned out that his father had discovered a broken rail on the tracks and, not hoping that the driver would notice this and stop, he put a firecracker on the rails. These firecrackers were able to delay the composition, and what he saw made a strong impression on little Ilya and in many respects predetermined his fate.


During the Civil War, Ilya Starinov took part in the battles against Denikin and Wrangel, in 1919, he was captured, but he manages to escape and return to service. After the end of the Civil War, the Starinov graduated with honors from the Voronezh school of military railway technicians. After that, he was sent to Kiev in the 4-th Red Banner Korostensky railway regiment, in the regiment Starinov became the head of the subversive team. Already in those years, the young Soviet commander began to think about the development of a portable mine that could be used to undermine the military echelons. As a practitioner, he was well aware that such a mine should be convenient, simple, reliable, and the fuse to her reliable.

Then, across the country near cities and villages, it was possible to find a large number of unexploded projectiles, and the Antiquities, taking this opportunity, explored the structure of their fuses. Then he received a positive experience in melting explosives from bombs and shells. In 1923-1924, Starinov was recruited as an expert in investigating sabotage on the country's railways. In the summer of 1924, the companies Ilya Starinov took part in the construction of the Orsha-Lepel railway, combining the ability not only to blow up, but also to build railways.

Starinov Ilya Grigorievich - century saboteur

Since 1929, Starinov begins to engage in the professional training of saboteurs underground workers who, in the event of a possible war, were to carry out sabotage in the rear of the enemy troops. Taking up a new business, Starinov managed to organize a workshop-laboratory, in which, together with his comrades, he was engaged in creating samples of mines that were best suited for conducting partisan actions. So-called “coal mines”, automatic mines, which were successfully used during the Great Patriotic War, were born in this laboratory. Here, under the direct supervision of Starinov, a “wheel lock” was designed, which was baptized during the Spanish Civil War. It also worked out various options for undermining trains and cars with mines, which were controlled by wire or by wire.

At the beginning of the 1930-s, the defense of the USSR on its western frontiers was largely based on a developed network of partisan formations. It was assumed that the enemy’s army, crossing the state border and plunging into Soviet territory up to a hundred kilometers, would approach the fortified areas and get stuck in a positional war. At this time, partisans were to begin their action in the rear of the enemy. After a certain time, having lost the adjusted supply of ammunition, fresh replenishment, as well as food, the enemy’s army would be forced to retreat. Together with the enemy, the guerrilla formations would also retreat, which would continue the sabotage already in the enemy’s territory. If necessary, they were allowed to cross the state border.

It was a fairly well thought out system that was designed for both defense and attack. Guerrilla bases were developed outside the USSR. The training was conducted maneuverable partisan formations that were able to operate on the territory of the enemy. However, the entire system in 1937 was destroyed by the decision of the country's political leadership. The fact of the destruction of the developed partisan-sabotage system had the most negative consequences for the USSR. During the Great Patriotic War, it had to be re-created. Later, Ilya Starinov called the curtailment of preparations for guerrilla warfare one of the greatest mistakes of the top leadership of the USSR. Starinov argued that the German army would have been able to break at least 1 a year earlier and with less losses if the guerrilla movement had been organized according to all the rules and in advance.


In November, 1936, he was assigned to Captain Domingo Ungriya's intelligence group in Spain, which at the end of 1937, turned into a full-fledged 14 partisan corps. In Spain, he stayed from November 1936 to November 1937. During the Spanish campaign, Rodolfo wards (under this pseudonym Starinov acted in Spain) carried out about 200 sabotage and ambushes, as a result of which the enemy lost at least 2 thousands of people. The loudest of them was the destruction of the corps under Kordovoy with the headquarters of the Italian Air Division in February 1937. The day after this diversion they talked about it all over Spain; no one was left alive as a result of the diversion.

After this action, reporters of the most progressive newspapers in the world began to arrive at the base of the partisans, among them was the famous writer Ernest Hemingway. Journalists wanted to personally meet with the characters. Then Mikhail Koltsov and Konstantin Simonov wrote about Ilya Starinov. There was a version that in Hemingway’s famous novel “For Whom the Bell Tolls” fragments from the combat and organizational activities of the senior adviser to the commander of the Southern Front of the Republican Army Starinov were used.

Starinov returned to his homeland at the end of November 1937. His military successes in Spain were best noted, but when he arrived in Moscow, it turned out that all his acquaintances and associates turned out to be "enemies of the people", and the officer who prepared the documents for his submission to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was shot on fabricated the charges. Starinov was summoned to the NKVD and asked him to confess frankly in everything, the KGB wanted him to testify in the preparation of saboteurs and the creation of secret warehouses for the overthrow of power in the country. Marshal Voroshilov saved him from inevitable arrest.


After this, Starinov managed to take part in the Finnish war, and during the Great Patriotic War his knowledge and skills were useful to the country. He did much to restore the partisan-sabotage base, training specialists and organizing sabotage operations. During the big war, he felt like a fish in water.

Summing up his activities in the first half of the 20th century, Starinov, in his autobiography, listed his most important achievements. According to Starinov, the instructors trained by him only in the pre-war years were able to prepare the order of 1000 skilled partisans. During the years of the Second World War, the instructors trained by him in special schools prepared 5 order thousands of partisans-saboteurs. Only in the Operational and Training Center of the Western Front 1600 people were trained.

Among the most important operations in his life that were carried out under his direct supervision, Ilya Starinov attributed:

In Spain:
- liquidation of the headquarters of the Italian aviation division;
- the organization of a train wreck with Moroccans, the collapse of a military echelon in a tunnel, which for a long time interrupted important enemy communications;
- disabling communication between the Madrid and Southern fronts of the enemy on 7 days.

In the framework of the Great Patriotic War:
- October 1941 of the year - the transformation of communications and communications at the Kharkov hub into a trap for the enemy, which to some extent slowed down his attack;
- February 1942 of the year - the organization of ice crossings through the Taganrog Bay, thanks to which they managed to disable the highway Mariupol - Rostov-on-Don, as well as the defeat of the German garrison on Kosoi Gora;
- organization of subversive service in the Ukrainian partisan formations, as well as in the Ukrainian headquarters of the partisan movement in 1943 year. As a result of these actions, more than 1943 train derailments were made in Ukraine in 3500, whereas in 1942 there were only 202;
- 1944 year - the creation of partisan formations and training of Ukrainian partisans for the conduct of sabotage war abroad - in the territory of Hungary, Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia.

During 4 of the Great Patriotic War, Ilya Starinov organized 256 undermining medium and small bridges, mines he developed derailed more than 12 000 enemy military echelons. Especially widely used in the USSR were the train mines of Starinov (PMS) of instantaneous and delayed action and the car mines of Starinov (AU).

By the end of World War II, Ilya Starinov, who was the same age as the century, turned 45 years old. To many in those years, he seemed to be a real living mammoth, he was sent to the reserve, and his lot was to be история. But in the midst of the Cold War, his experience was once again very much in demand. Starinov was called to teach at the Officer Advanced Training Courses. In the future, graduates of these courses will form the basis of the famous special forces groups "Vympel", "Cascade", "Zenith". Later, special forces of all the country's security agencies will respectfully call him Grandfather.


While military theorists assessed the likelihood and consequences of a possible third world war, and the public and politicians fought to prevent it, Ilya Starinov wrote a paper called "Guerrilla War", which stated that the Third World War is already underway and is underway in the form of local wars and conflicts with predominantly partisan warfare. Starinov perfectly understood what a dangerous beast was being set free by the superpower, helping "friendly partisans" to fight against "unfriendly regimes".

Such statements sounded at least ambiguous, because each of the opposing sides had their own ideas about “friendly” and “unfriendly” regimes. Over time, Starinov was again out of work, and the pupils prepared by him, one by one, went to the reserve. After the collapse of the USSR, special forces units were thoroughly shaken up, it is obvious that the new political leadership was looking for more friendly officers. Professor and Reserve Colonel Ilya Starinov authored almost 150 monographs, a number of scientific manuals, 2 autobiographical books. At the same time, he could not advance further than the colonel, as he could not become the Hero of the USSR, and then Russia. He was presented to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union three times, and to the title of Hero of Russia twice, but always in vain.

During his long life (Ilya Grigorievich Starinov lived 100 for years) he never smoked and, in his own words, drank only 2 times. At the same time, he saw the secret of his longevity in another - in permanent work for the good of the Motherland.

Information sources:
-http: //www.bestpeopleofrussia.ru/persona/1164/bio
-http: //www.vrazvedka.ru/starinov/biogr.html
-http: //www.peoples.ru/military/hero/starinov
Author:
30 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. bask
    bask 9 May 2013 08: 56
    19
    Sergey, thanks for the article.
    On such a great holiday and not remember SUCH A GREAT MAN.
    Founder of the GRU special forces. How many feats and merits before the Motherland this man had, can not be counted all !!!
    His life is a complete feat.
    The film would be shot about the fate ((not easy)) of this person.
    In the years 94-96, he also advised our specialists in Chechnya.
    In honor of the first commando.
    "" "Participants in the ascent to Chersky Peak in 2005. The helicopter delivered the obelisk to the top of the fallen soldiers - At the end of July we spent the first Baikal week of special forces, - continues Oleg Kondaurov. - We dedicated her to the memory of an outstanding person, the founder of the GRU special forces, Colonel Ilya Grigorievich Starinov. ”The 2005th anniversary of his birth was celebrated in 105. After we sent out invitations, fighters from all over the country, more than 100 people, representatives of many special forces came to Baikal. The ascent to Chersky Peak, of course, was included in the program. At the top we have erected a temporary obelisk to our fallen comrades. Temporary - because this year we are going to erect a real monument from gra "" "[media = http: //www.aldana.ru/categ.php? Id = 23 & text = 8573 & ye
    ar = & mnt]
    1. Karlsonn
      Karlsonn 10 May 2013 15: 32
      +3
      if someone has not seen, then here:



      Film 1 - "The Genius of Explosion": Ilya Grigorievich Starinov is the idol of the Russian special forces, theorist and practitioner of sabotage work behind enemy lines.
      Explosives and one of the minor planets bear his name. He was seriously injured, but lived a hundred years. He was the "oldest" colonel in our army and has been in this rank for over 60 years! Is he a man or a myth?
    2. valokordin
      valokordin 10 May 2013 21: 14
      0
      Quote: bask
      Sergey, thanks for the article.
      On such a great holiday and not remember SUCH A GREAT MAN.
      Founder of the GRU special forces. How many feats and merits before the Motherland this man had, can not be counted all !!!
      His life is a complete feat.
      The film would be shot about the fate ((not easy)) of this person.
      In the years 94-96, he also advised our specialists in Chechnya.
      In honor of the first commando.
      "" "Participants in the ascent to Chersky Peak in 2005. The helicopter delivered the obelisk to the top of the fallen soldiers - At the end of July we spent the first Baikal week of special forces, - continues Oleg Kondaurov. - We dedicated her to the memory of an outstanding person, the founder of the GRU special forces, Colonel Ilya Grigorievich Starinov. ”The 2005th anniversary of his birth was celebrated in 105. After we sent out invitations, fighters from all over the country, more than 100 people, representatives of many special forces came to Baikal. The ascent to Chersky Peak, of course, was included in the program. At the top we have erected a temporary obelisk to our fallen comrades. Temporary - because this year we are going to erect a real monument from gra "" "[media = http: //www.aldana.ru/categ.php? Id = 23 & text = 8573 & year =
      & mnt]

      But the president of "Andrew the First-Called" gave the marked one here and patriotism.
  2. George
    George 9 May 2013 08: 58
    10
    Eternal memory to Ilya Grigorievich. War worker and saboteur No. 1.
  3. Delink
    Delink 9 May 2013 09: 04
    +7
    To raise the patriotism of the younger generation, such information is simply necessary.
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 9 May 2013 12: 45
      +3
      Then there will still be an "uplift" ... There are no words to convey what damage was caused by the defeat of the main, but never realized, work of his life - the country's partisan defense system. What we managed to create in the Patriotic War is only a pale shadow. Was it his fault that the entire program was supervised by Tukhachevsky? And is the partisan defense itself to blame?
      They were afraid that a secret, well-established military structure with relatively fragile vertical ties would oppose the authorities? There really was a danger. Well, they would pour this system into the NKVD as special parts! No, trampled ...
      Make a movie about Starinov? But what about this? Do not reflect this in the film - turn the film into a clumsy lie. Reflect ... there will be no film, and this is not the worst decision. By the way, partisan formations have been created and are still working successfully in the SGA. In case of war and occupation. So it goes...
      It would be nice, as suggested below, in the school network lessons about the great soldiers of Russia. That's just ... in each case it will be like a bored refrain - this person could not carry out the best things, being stopped by the authorities. Outright scoundrels prevailed. Licking defeated him ... And so about everyone. About everyone! No strength...
      1. wax
        wax 9 May 2013 21: 20
        +1
        Was it his fault that the whole program was supervised by Tukhachevsky?

        Well, this whole program was covered with the execution of Tukhachevsky.
  4. erased
    erased 9 May 2013 09: 09
    +5
    Saboteur number one! Eternal memory to Ilya Grigoryevich and eternal glory!
  5. NSG42
    NSG42 9 May 2013 09: 16
    +1
    Eternal GLORY to our Heroes. It is a pity that some of our heroes are planted on false accusations - this is KVACHKOV and KHABAROV. All traitors are in the power structures of the leadership of RUSSIA.
  6. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 9 May 2013 09: 20
    +9
    It would be nice to introduce an additional subject in schools from grades 1 to 11, in which children would be introduced to truly remarkable people, HEROES of their country, starting from antiquity. That at least 2 times a week such lessons were held. So maybe by the end of school, children will know at least part of the HEROES of their country and will be proud of their HOMELAND!
    1. Genur
      Genur 9 May 2013 22: 10
      +1
      At least from the 4th or 5th grade, when the guys begin to get involved in something seriously ...
      1. VADIMKRSK
        VADIMKRSK 11 May 2013 04: 54
        0
        From the first! And why the heck is Japanese poetry, English. Russian and math! The elder is a second grader.
  7. knn54
    knn54 9 May 2013 09: 34
    18
    In Spain and Yugoslavia, Colonel Ilya Grigorievich Starinov was called the GOD of sabotage. “Grandfather of the Soviet special forces”, “the most famous colonel of the century” - served in the colonel's rank for almost two decades! Five times presented to the rank of general and seven times was sentenced to death.
    Only two points from the Second World War.
    1. There was an order to turn the Moscow region into a snowy desert. The enemy should stumble only on the cold and the ashes ... chase the Germans in the cold! But in fact they drove the Russians.
    Starinov proposed the Finnish version. The Finns, retreating, evacuated the entire population. And the remaining, most attractive houses were mined. And after the explosion of several such houses, the houses stood, but nobody occupied them ... And burning villages, the local population was doomed to death. As a result, there were 18 thousand partisans in the Leningrad Region, and after that there were three orders left. In Ukraine, before the order, about 30 partisans were active; by the spring, 000 remained.
    2. "I was a categorical opponent of rail war.
    The Germans had no shortage of rails. And they very quickly learned how to eliminate the consequences of the explosions of these rails - they invented a rail bridge. Here is such a rail bridge, 80 cm, which was superimposed on the parts of the rail broken by 30-35 cm. All trains were supplied with these bridges ... And the Belarusians themselves admit that a dozen train wrecks are worth more than hundreds of rails blown up ... "
    Starinov suggested that the detachments of Khattab and Basayev be trapped in specially prepared objects in Dagestan and, using radio mines, to blow up, as was done in Kharkov with General von Brown. The answer is silence.
    One of the Vympela veterans said: “During the internship in Nicaragua, our guys adopted the partisan experience from local comrades who were trained by the Cubans. The Cubans said that they learned a lot from the Vietnamese. It turned out that the Vietnamese adopted the experience of the Chinese. And the Chinese, Ilya Grigorievich Starinov himself taught this business in the XNUMXs. The circle has closed. ”
    The eternal memory of the PRESENT, exceptional courage and engineering giftedness to man, warrior, patriot.
    PS Later, Ilya Starinov called the curtailment of preparations for guerrilla warfare one of the greatest mistakes of the highest leadership of the USSR. Starinov argued that the German army could have been defeated at least 1 year earlier and with less loss if the partisan movement had been organized in accordance with all the rules and in advance.
    The fact is that secret long-term storage bases were organized even in Poland and Romania, including on the Danube.
    PPS To the title of Hero of the Soviet Union he was represented three times, and to the title of Hero of Russia twice, but always in vain.
    When the glorious son of Russia turned 99, a present arrived in time for the deadline: a star in the constellation Leo was named in honor of Ilya Grigorievich Starinov. He got his little star! DESERVED, UNFILLED !!!
    1. reichsmarshal
      reichsmarshal 9 May 2013 17: 03
      14 th
      1) Starinov's "Finnish" plan for the Moscow region was not bad in theory, but in October 1941 it was technically impossible to implement: even the army had too many problems with transport.
      2) Starinov claimed that the German army could have been defeated at least 1 year earlier and with less losses if the partisan movement was organized in accordance with all the rules and in advance: completely unreasonable. The partisans are unable to exert an operational influence on the course of the war; they only divert part of the enemy’s forces from the front. Vietnam in this case is not an indicator - the Americans could crush both partisans and their allies if they were not afraid of similar Soviet actions in relation, for example, to Israel. It was not war, but politics. As for Basayev and Hottab, they appeared only because there were and will be armed people in Chechnya who did not want to take off their pants and bend over before the Kremlin. If the Russian people have weapons (for example, the Americans will deliver through secret channels, as in Libya and Syria), which we, the Russians, are legally prohibited, all of Russia will blaze so that Chechnya and even 1917-1921 seem like childish pranks!
  8. HAIFISCH
    HAIFISCH 9 May 2013 09: 37
    +4
    Ilya Starinov wrote a work entitled “Partisan War”, which stated that the Third World War was already underway and was being waged in the form of local wars and conflicts with mainly guerrilla warfare methods. Starinov perfectly understood what dangerous beast the superpowers would set free.
    Even then, everyone understood. HAPPY GREAT VICTORY drinks
  9. NSG42
    NSG42 9 May 2013 09: 42
    +3
    Here is our patriot! Peninsula Kvachkov.
  10. family tree
    family tree 9 May 2013 09: 44
    +7
    His Notes of a Saboteur is just a song! All sappers must read!
    1922g
    As the head of the subversive team, I also had to deal with saboteurs. They derailed the train and blew up the railway bridges, laying improvised explosives based on barterol salt, ammonium nitrate and gunpowder in mine chambers and mine wells. It was necessary to find an effective way of counteraction, since we were not able to guard all the small bridges, and the enemy mainly mined them. What needs to be done in order to wean the enemy from laying mines?

    We started making trap mines. They were installed on unguarded facilities and exploded at the entrance to the structures. One trap was enough to stun a man, but not to kill him. Several such traps weaned the bandits from mining our objects. For this, we received thanks from Yakir himself.

    And this is at the very beginning of the activity.
  11. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 9 May 2013 11: 15
    +3
    If senior commanders listened to Starin more, the Soviet army would probably have had less casualties, he still suggested creating special forces, he dreamed of him, nurtured as a brainchild, saw partisans-saboteurs as the best means of fighting the enemy, for which they wanted to shoot him repeatedly !
    1. reichsmarshal
      reichsmarshal 9 May 2013 16: 54
      -1
      The sabotage and partisan activities on strategic combined arms operations cannot in fact have an impact. It affects the enemy only in being, i.e. by the very fact of its existence, diverting part of the forces from the front. So it’s naive to think that “if they had listened to him above,” something would have changed a lot.
  12. Suhov
    Suhov 9 May 2013 12: 00
    +3
    When detaining paratroopers-saboteurs, a warning shot is fired into the ground.
    laughing
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. Black
    Black 9 May 2013 12: 03
    +2
    The Czechs read carefully. It was not necessary to teach them to read and write.
    1. George
      George 9 May 2013 13: 29
      +5
      Quote: Chen
      The Czechs read carefully. It was not necessary to teach them to read and write.

      Did not read.
      Otherwise, as he writes in his book "Notes of a Saboteur" Part 1:
      - If the Chechens had mastered the strategy and tactics of guerrilla warfare, the results would have been much worse. Trouble is, our smug generals seem to have no idea either!
  15. pensioner
    pensioner 9 May 2013 16: 35
    0
    I'll try to add 2 cents from myself. I.G. Starinov was also a very technically competent person. The author of a huge number (and who will tell you exactly ...) of inventions. It seems like he had a Ph.D. (but who again will confirm this for sure ...). At one time I was interested in the question: this is where he got the necessary knowledge in electrical engineering, sopromat, chemistry, and the inscription? And I didn’t find it .... It seems like he once was all the time. But I got it! And he used the enemy on the mountain. True information about him is very small. The indicated notes + another very thin one already about him + individual references in other sources ...
  16. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 9 May 2013 17: 35
    0
    Quote: reichsmarshal
    The sabotage and partisan activities on strategic combined arms operations cannot in fact have an impact. It affects the enemy only in being, i.e. by the very fact of its existence, diverting part of the forces from the front. So it’s naive to think that “if they had listened to him above,” something would have changed a lot.

    The appointment of GRU special forces, after being thrown behind enemy lines, by means of sabotage, panic the enemy (and destroy important military, economic and strategically important objects), and how do they not affect the enemy? And if there are a lot of groups?
    1. jumpmaster
      jumpmaster 9 May 2013 20: 12
      0
      Joining in! one hundred percent! just comradely a little off topic, it is impossible to draw an analogy between the partisan formations of the Second World War and the modern units of the GRU special forces. Especially if there are a large number of groups, and which for a large-scale action can be reduced to one unit. and after completing the task, break up again into small groups and continue sabotage work yourself!
    2. aleshka
      aleshka 10 May 2013 19: 15
      0
      the first and main task of the GRU special forces, the destruction of launchers and missile sites with nuclear charges, and the rest is already a campaign !!!
  17. cool.ya-nikola
    cool.ya-nikola 9 May 2013 17: 53
    +1
    Quote: bask
    The film would be shot about the fate ((not easy)) of this person.

    Oh, if only !!! ... So, they don’t take it off, damned !!! ... Better, some kind of Mexican series, or another Hollywood noodle on our long-suffering ears! But, after all, the life of a man was worthy of the highest appreciation and imitation!

    Quote: perepilka
    His Notes of a Saboteur is just a song!

    I absolutely agree with you! It is read in one breath, and not only by sappers!

    Quote: ia-ai00
    It would be nice to introduce an additional subject in schools from grades 1 to 11, in which children would be introduced to truly remarkable people, HEROES of their country, starting from antiquity.

    Dear, Olya, your words, yes to God in the ears! And, then, in fact, shame, young people, such "snatch" that it is simply not clear how it is possible, so refers to their history? And, although I personally try not to consider myself a supporter of the "conspiracy theory", but simply comparing what is happening with the famous statement of Allen Dulles, inevitably you come to disappointing conclusions! ...

    But returning to Ilya Grigorievich Starinov!

    Quote: bask
    His life is a complete feat.

    There is nothing to add or reduce! Except that: -

    Quote: erased
    Saboteur number one! Eternal memory to Ilya Grigoryevich and eternal glory!
  18. individual
    individual 9 May 2013 20: 52
    +1
    Acquainted with life and military fate Starinov Ilya Grigorievich, - previously not familiar from publications.
    Honor and Glory to the military fate of the hero.
    An unusual profession is a saboteur, it cuts the ear, but not forgotten words are remembered: "There is such a profession to defend the Motherland" !!!
  19. Igarr
    Igarr 9 May 2013 20: 56
    0
    "Mines are waiting in the wings" ...
    ... wait.
    Of course, the mines will wait ...
    But we, alive, will never wait - Saboteur No. 1 of the Soviet Union - Ilya Grigorievich Starinov, "soldier of the century."
    Rest in peace.
    He only lived on this.
    1. boris.sibir
      boris.sibir 11 May 2013 10: 11
      0
      I agree one hundred percent. "Shitcrats" do not need such heroes.
  20. albert
    albert 9 May 2013 21: 16
    0
    There is an interesting book by O. Gorchakov "Attention, miracle mine", it just tells about Starinov and his mine-sabotage activities in Kharkov occupied by the Germans. I recommend.
  21. wax
    wax 9 May 2013 21: 29
    0
    Our homeland was saved by such nuggets!
  22. The comment was deleted.
  23. kind
    kind 10 May 2013 04: 50
    0
    Ilya Grigorievich is our legend !!! Glory to him and eternal memory !!!
  24. dema46
    dema46 10 May 2013 09: 05
    +2
    the other day I read the opus of a certain lion of Lopukhov’s about the Battle of Kursk, and this leader called the activity of an old man a show-off. he and his comrades blew up rails for deadlocks for reporting. and there was no sense from the partisans. the city was robbed only by the local population. Sokolov. I read another book, a collection of memoirs of German leaders. And they don’t think so. For example, the head of the Zheldor. Transportation simply boils with anger because of partisans. About once an hour the locomotive is destroyed. And this rails to hell. The Germans had to sharply, almost on h quarter, to reduce the transport of troops and equipment in preparation for the citadel. plus a whole division of 10 thousand bayonets plus teznik, including tanks, were thrown to suppress the partisans.
    1. jjj
      jjj 11 May 2013 01: 01
      0
      By the way, the so-called "rail war" really did not bring much benefit. And the partisans were criticized precisely because they tore just the rails, and not the tracks during the passage of the trains. By the way, Starinov himself spoke about this. I play it from memory. "They will blow up the rails with a small charge. The Germans quickly brought up the repair team, the track was repaired. Echelons go one after another. There is practically no damage." And all the damage on the railway transport to the Germans was brought by a few special sabotage groups. But the underground regional committees also wanted to look good.
  25. Andrey77
    Andrey77 10 May 2013 14: 53
    +1
    Many of the works of I.G. Starinov are under the stamp. The article is good, but did not learn anything new. Maybe after 50 years ...
  26. S-155
    S-155 12 May 2013 17: 12
    0
    I just registered, although I’ve been browsing VO for many years (starting with the magazine of the same name). And right away luck is a good material according to Starinov. For me, a researcher of special forces of the Comintern (1919-1943 onwards), the name of Starinov returned already from abroad, he was remembered by graduates of the Kushnarenkovskaya intelligence school in Bashkiria, who participated in t.ch. in the partisan movement and the Resistance movement on the territory of Europe occupied by fascists. Thanks to the author, I downloaded the material to my piggy bank. Good luck to all of us, and, of course, with Victory!