Military Review

Guerrilla edge. The Great Patriotic War became the core of the national Belarusian identity

Guerrilla edge. The Great Patriotic War became the core of the national Belarusian identity

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Belarus, unlike other post-Soviet states, was very careful about historical memory. President of Belarus A.G. Lukashenko, himself brought up in childhood on the ideals of the partisan movement and the heroism of the war years, continued the tradition of respect for the history of the Great Patriotic War, laid down even under P.M. Masherov.

Guerrilla commander, twice wounded in battles, Hero of the Soviet Union, Pyotr Myronovich Masherov became the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus in March 1965. For him, everything connected with the Great Patriotic War had a deeper meaning. Already in the second year of their leadership of the BSSR P.M. Masherov initiated the creation of the Mound of Glory. 19 August 1966 was adopted by a resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Belarus on the construction of the monumental sculptural composition "Mound of Glory" near Minsk in memory of the heroism of Soviet soldiers and officers, victims suffered by Belarus, and also in honor of the victory in the Great Patriotic War.

P. Masherov saw the creation of memorials as one of the meanings of his leadership, which were supposed to consolidate the memory of the Great Patriotic War for centuries.

Thanks to his personal attention and initiative, remarkable memorials were created - the Brest Fortress, Khatyn, the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, the partisan museum of Old Man Minaya, the Mound of Glory.

Monstrous atrocities committed by the fascists on the Belarusian land. The scale of these atrocities is demonstrated by impassive and, at the same time, terrible figures. From 9 200 settlements destroyed and burned by the Nazis in Belarus, they destroyed 5 295 along with all or part of the population during punitive operations. Of the total number of villages destroyed, 3% was destroyed in 1941, 16% in 1942, 63% in 1943, 18% in 1944. The victims of the Nazi policies of genocide and scorched earth in Belarus were 2 million 230 thou. People killed during the three years of occupation. Killed every third resident of Belarus.

Monuments of the war immediately eclipsed in Belarus monuments of the revolution period, which faded into the background and somehow faded away, because it was not the revolution at all, but the Great Patriotic War that became the core of the national Belarusian identity.

The ideology of a proud and rebellious partisan region was dominant. In this sense, Soviet patriotism and communist ideology in Belarus had their own specifics. The guerrilla movement stabbed with blood the Russian-Belarusian unity. Many of the Red Army soldiers, immigrants from Russia who joined the ranks of the partisans, subsequently remained in Belarus for permanent residence. The war changed Belarus forever.

It seems that this circumstance is largely explained by the current Belarusian phenomenon, when only Minsk, unlike other CIS capitals, consistently seeks rapprochement with Moscow. After the collapse of the country, the situation in Belarus was fundamentally different than in other former republics of the USSR. The hero of the war, on which the main values ​​of the Belarusian self-consciousness were based, was not seriously affected in the years of perestroika, and it became the basis for the Russian-Belarusian integration processes.

Anti-Sovietism and Russophobia did not take root in Belarus because they were unnatural for the partisan, military consciousness of the Belarusians.

Immediately after the collapse of the USSR, the Belarusian nationalists were labeled “aspiring policemen” for a long time, because they were fighting just for what weapons in the hands of Belarus fought in 1941-1945.

This, strictly speaking, is the difference in the situation in Belarus and, for example, in Ukraine, where, unfortunately, the ideas of neo-Banderers were widely spread, although there was military heroism in the same Ukraine — Kovpak guerrillas, Young Guardsmen, and underground fighters in Crimea.

... In Belarus, 199 partisan brigades, 14 partisan regiments (997 detachments) and 258 separate partisan detachments, which numbered 374 thousand, were active throughout the occupation period; the hidden partisan reserves reached 400 thousand people. Along with this, there were more than 70 thousand people in underground organizations and groups, including 10 thousand agent intelligence officers. The actions of the partisan detachments and formations inflicted tangible damage to the Hitler armies on the Eastern Front, seriously hindered the supply of enemy troops and the supply of military reserves, and distracted considerable forces of the Wehrmacht.

The guerrillas have provided significant assistance to the Red Army in the liberation of Belarus.

It should be noted that the occupiers controlled only 40% of the territory of the BSSR, the Soviet authorities operated on 60%.

The Nazis literally burned the Belarusian land under their feet. From June 1941 to July 1944, partisans of Belarus incapacitated about 500 thousand military personnel of the occupation forces, administration officials, armed colonists and their accomplices (of which 125 thousand people are irretrievable losses). They defeated 948 enemy headquarters and garrisons, 29 railway stations, blew up and derailed 11 enemy trains, 128 armored trains, blew up, burned and destroyed 34 railway and 819 other bridges, destroyed more than 4 thousand rails, over 710 km by telephone telegraph communication line, shot down and burned at the airfields 300 aircraft, shot down 7 300 tanks and armored vehicles, destroyed 438 guns of various calibers, blew up and liquidated 18 vehicles, 700 military depots. During the same period, Belarusian partisans took the following trophies: guns - 939, mortars - 85, machine guns - 278 1, rifles and machine guns - 874 20.

The total irretrievable losses of the Belarusian partisans in 1941-1944, according to incomplete data, amounted to 45 thousand people (that is, three times less than that of the enemy). Guerrillas, leading continuous battles, saved thousands of civilians from destruction and theft into fascist slavery. That is how the war was perceived at that time by the majority of Belarusians.

... After studying all possible options, the Mound of Glory memorial was decided to build on the 21 kilometer of the Minsk-Moscow highway in the Smolevichi district of the Minsk region. Here in July, 1944, during the largest offensive operation "Bagration" of the troops of the 1, 2, 3 and Belarusian 1 Baltic fronts, with the active support of the Belarusian partisan brigades and 105-thousandth German grouping forces were surrounded and were eliminated 11 July 1944. 30 September 1966 was held at the place of the future Kurgan rally, which was attended by residents of Belarus, as well as representatives of all the cities-heroes of the USSR, many war veterans and partisan movements from all over the Soviet Union.

A memorial plate was laid in the foundation of the future Kurgan, into which they built in a capsule with instructions to subsequent generations to cherish the memory of the past war and the shown heroism of our people, to be true patriots.

After that, for about a year, details were clarified, elements of the memorial were projected.

PM Masherov always very thoroughly approached the choice of both projects of constructed memorials, and places for their location. He tried to make the best decisions both in terms of estimated costs and aesthetic historical effect, as well as convenience of the location for viewing and visiting. At the same time, Pyotr Mironovich carefully got acquainted with the arguments of specialists and sometimes changed his own decisions after he was convinced that the arguments presented deserve attention.

The team of authors - sculptors A. Bembel, A. Artimovich, architects O. Stakhovich, L. Mitskevich, engineer B. Laptsevich - worked on the future Kurgan. Andrei Bembel was an experienced and successful sculptor, he worked in the field of easel and monumental sculpture. He was the author of the reliefs of the Government House and the House of Officers in Minsk, the high relief “9 May 1945 of the Year” for the Victory Monument on Victory Square in Minsk, one of the authors of the Brest Fortress Memorial. Muscovites know his work from the monument of D.I. Mendeleev, who is installed in front of the building of the chemical faculty of Moscow State University.

In November, 1967 began the construction itself, which immediately became a nationwide one.

Numerous delegations of war veterans, Belarusians, residents of other republics of the Soviet Union, young people and children came to the place of the future Kurgan of Glory. Everyone wanted a handful of earth to be thrown into the base of the memorial, thrown by his hands. They brought here and the land from all the Soviet hero-cities - Moscow, Leningrad (from the Piskaryovsky cemetery), Volgograd (from the Mamayev Kurgan), Sevastopol, Odessa, Kiev, the Brest Hero Fortress. Bags of the native land and guests of Belarus from other, very different places of our vast Motherland were brought with them. It was a continuous stream of buses, cars and tens of thousands of people. Further to the work connected trucks and excavators.

Masherov closely followed the work and delved into the details. However, he preferred not to interfere in the decisions of specialists and only chose the best, in his opinion, from what they had proposed. But in two cases, Pyotr Mironovich still had his decisive word. He insisted that the erected Kurgan was above the mound under Waterloo and, thus, emphasized the greatness of the feat of the Soviet people. Another problem was the stability of the steps. In no case it was impossible to allow them to slide down the slopes of Kurgan, and if this happened, it would be possible to quickly put everything in order. As a result, spiral staircases leading to the summit, in fact, designed Masherov personally, each step in them is fixed independently of the others. In the very center of Kurgan there is a pillar foundation with a depth of 30 meters, which reliably preserves the stability of the embankment. To strengthen the slopes of a special turf, resistant to erosion and landslides. The whole project was practically designed for centuries.

The opening of the Mound of Glory took place on July 5 1969 of the year. The total height of the memorial, together with the monument at the top of the hill, was 70,6 meters, while the height of the embankment itself is 35 meters. The diameter of the base of the mound - 100 meters.

Four bayonets faced with titanium rushed up. Each bayonet symbolizes one of the fronts that liberated Belarus - 1, 2, 3 Belarusian and 1 Baltic.

The height of each bayonet is the 35,6 meter. It almost coincides with the height of the hill, so the proportions of the monument and the embankment are successfully combined, forming a single whole. The bayonets at the base surrounds the Ring of Glory with bronze bas-reliefs of Soviet soldiers and partisans.

On the inner side of the Ring of Glory mosaic is laid out the inscription: "The Soviet Army, the Liberator Army - Glory!". The base of the obelisk is decorated with images of orders of the Patriotic War and Glory. Around the Kurgan, from its foot to the top, two very concrete staircases, which were designed by P.M. Masherov. Each of them has 241 steps.

Mound of Glory made a very strong impression on his contemporaries. Numerous wintering of certain elements in the construction of monuments dedicated to the events of the Great Patriotic War, subsequently widely practiced by architects and sculptors throughout the Soviet Union. The two most famous were performed in 1974 year - in Vitebsk, the monument itself was partially repeated, setting up the “Three bayonets” monument on Victory Square, symbolizing the unity of the partisans, the Red Army soldiers and underground fighters. And at the entrance to Zelenograd, a monument to the Defenders of Moscow was opened. There, also, on the roadside kurgan, a monument was erected, consisting of three closed forty-meter bayonets, symbolizing the resilience of three military units - rifle, tank and cavalry.

One curious story is connected with the Mound of Glory. In 1972, Kurgan, accompanied by Peter Masherov, was visited by Fidel Castro.
After inspecting the memorial and the environs, Comandante unexpectedly stepped beyond the steps (the stairs do not have a railing) and began to go down the slope, on wet grass. Masherov was puzzled by such an extravagant act of the Cuban guest, but hesitated for some time, followed him. Then, in the same way, right along the grass, numerous persons accompanying them began to descend.

Mound of Glory is clearly visible from all sides from passing by highways. Passengers of the Minsk airport arriving in Belarus must also pass through here. Even those who have already seen the memorial more than once, passing by, exclaim: “Look - Kurgan!” And everyone involuntarily turned their heads in the direction where the bayonets shot into the sky ... So PM was supposed to be at that time. Masherov.

Mound of Glory is included in the state list of historical and cultural values ​​of the Republic of Belarus. 9 May approaches and very soon continuous rows of people with flowers and wreaths in their hands will rise along the Kurgan of Glory stairs. There are fewer veterans among them, and many old people are not able to climb to the top. They usually look at the young people climbing the stairs, remember the past ...

Of course, not everything is so simple in Belarus. And we have people who are not averse to questioning the heroic past of the Belarusian people, blaming not the fascists, but the partisans for the mass death of the population - they say, the partisans specifically provoked the invaders to retaliate in order to force the Belarusians into the woods. And every year such voices demanding a revision of the outcome of the war, and relying on Western grants, sound louder and more annoying, the Belarusian Internet, opposition newspapers, books published abroad are filled with such “truth” about the war. All this is intended, first of all, for the younger generation, for which the war that had died down is a distant story. But Belarusians had to pay too expensive a price for their liberation from the brown plague, and the partisan Belarus is still resisting all this flow of dirt and lies.

It is unlikely PM Masherov looked so far. Perhaps he could not have imagined that with the Soviet Union what would have happened only ten years after his death would become. But Pyotr Mironovich understood the significance of what Belarus and Belarus had experienced as no one else.

It should be noted that A.G. Lukashenko not only preserved what he got from his authoritative predecessor, but also constantly seeks to expand the network of military memorials.

Under the current Belarusian leader, famous museum complexes were built - Buynichskoye Pole and Stalin Line, the construction of a new, modern Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk is being completed.

All wartime monuments and memorials in Belarus are maintained in proper condition and, if necessary, are promptly restored by the state.

The mound of glory was restored in 2004 year. The Belarusian president also took part in its re-opening after restoration. A platform with samples of Soviet military equipment from World War II appeared next to the mound: heavy tanks T-10 and EC-3, self-propelled unit “ISU-152”, best tank of World War II T-34, 57, 76 and 85 mm guns.

And the Mound of Glory proudly towers over the surroundings, recalling the most terrible war in the history of mankind and the courage of the people of the Soviet country. The memorial provides historical continuity of generations. Such monuments serve as a hope that the Union State of Russia and Belarus being built will be filled with real content and will not remain just a loud declaration.

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  1. domokl
    domokl 9 May 2013 07: 50 New
    My paternal grandfather commanded a partisan detachment just in Belarus. And I often went there as a child. I remember the only award that my grandfather appreciated was Partisan of the Great Patriotic War of the 1 degree (he was the only one in the village as the commander, the others were given the 2 degree).
    The peasants of the village almost all partisan. And partisan so that the area was almost closed to the Germans. Belarusians with their feat earned great fame and respect! Happy holiday to all!
    1. Nicholas C.
      Nicholas C. 9 May 2013 11: 22 New
      Quote: domokl
      My paternal grandfather commanded a partisan detachment just in Belarus.

      My father also guerrilla year, until the front came up. True, not in Belarus, but in the Bryansk region.

      I am proud of the father, who keeps the people's memory humanly.

      I am ashamed of the disgrace of Ukraine, which put itself on the neck of the Galicians who served Hitler and who could not resist their propaganda and brazen expansion.

      All with the Great Victory Day.
      1. EtickayaSila
        EtickayaSila 9 May 2013 14: 58 New
        Do not generalize, do not associate all Ukrainians with neo-Nazi .... kami. There are also many sane people who remember and value their history. Although, you should know and remember that Khatyn with the population was burned by Ukrainians-Bandera and not Germans!
    2. opkozak
      opkozak 9 May 2013 16: 24 New
      I am ashamed of the disgrace of Ukraine, who put herself on the neck of the Galitsa

      My grandmother and grandfather was in the Ukrainian resistance in Lviv - People’s Guard named after Willow Franco (Communist Party of Western Ukraine (KPZU). Grandmother ended up in a concentration camp in Kurovichy with a one-year-old uncle. Fingers in the doors on both hands were broken. She fed the child with blood so that she wouldn’t die. She remained alive by a miracle. The guard regretted and released on pain of death .. Miraculously survived.

      In the photo is a monument to the People’s Guard named after Willow Franco in Lviv.
      Glory to the winners. Without them, there would have been no me and my family.
      And Lviv has a direct relationship to Belarus. The organization MOPR (International Organization of Assistance to the Fighters of the Revolution), which included my grandmother until 1939, supported prisoners of the concentration camp of Zhech Pospolita in the Birch of Kartuz, where all the fighters with the Polish occupation of Western Ukraine and Belarus sat. They carried the programs to everyone whose entire family was arrested due to the struggle with Polish occupiers.
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 9 May 2013 20: 11 New
        My grandfather was partisan and his sniper wounded in the arm. As far as I remember, the arm worked poorly. I won’t say exactly where it is near Voronezh.
        1. hommer
          hommer 9 May 2013 21: 24 New
          Kazakhs were also partisans. They got there in different ways. There was only one country - they did not divide it into our and your lands.
          Kasym Kaisenov (April 23, 1918, Ulansky District, East Kazakhstan Region - December 30, 2006) - People's Hero of the Republic of Kazakhstan, laureate of the A. Fadeev International Prize, Kazakhstani writer, veteran of the Great Patriotic War.
          Upon completion of the military intelligence school in November 1941, he was sent to the headquarters of the North-Western Front, from where, having received a special task, he was abandoned behind enemy lines to organize partisan movements in the territory of occupied Ukraine. On this land, Kasym Kaisenov commanded a detachment at number three, bearing the name of Chapaev. Later, until the end of 1944, he participated in partisan movements in the territories of Moldova, Czechoslovakia, and Romania.
          Name Adi Sharipova entered in the bibliographic reference "Outstanding People of the Planet", published by the International Bibliographic Center of the University of Cambridge.
          Born December 19, 1912. After graduating from the Kazakh Pedagogical Institute. Abay Sharipov taught at a secondary school in the village of Kaskelen in the Almaty region. From its first days, Adi Sharipov participated in battles as part of the 7th Panzer Division. In the summer of the 41st, being surrounded in the Mukha forests of Belarus, he organized a partisan detachment right under the nose of the enemy!
          In the ranks of partisan formations S.A. Kovpak selflessly fought with
          the enemy of Kazakhstan: Ibragimov Rysmagambet from the Kazalinsky district of Kzyl-
          Orda region, awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the 2nd degree,
          Serdyuk Ivan Trofimovich from Alma-Ata, Kulseitov Mukan, Baishuakov Tulegen,
          Saktaganov Kuyshetay, Chebotarev Nikolay Ivanovich, Yushko Andrey Pimenovich,

          Panov Petr Afanasevich and others.

          This is only a small part of our grandfathers who partisan! How many more I just can’t mention here, documents above the roof!
          Not an article, a whole book of materials!

          Here, for example! Partisans - Kazakhs of the 1st Minsk partisan brigade with fighting friends (archived photo).
      2. Egoza
        Egoza 9 May 2013 21: 12 New
        Quote: opkozak
        My grandparents were in the Ukrainian resistance in Lviv -

        Honor and praise be to them! Really HEROES!
  2. Reasonable, 2,3
    Reasonable, 2,3 9 May 2013 07: 52 New
    The main thing is that Self-Consciousness would remain the same. With the Great Holiday, brothers.
  3. aszzz888
    aszzz888 9 May 2013 07: 53 New
    Partisans are a separate type of troops! Only here in Russia can they fight like that! A huge contribution to the victory was made by ALL partisan formations and detachments.
    Glory to our partisans!
    Your feat will not be forgotten!
    Happy Victory Day!
    BARKAS 9 May 2013 08: 22 New

  5. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 9 May 2013 08: 53 New
    I bow to the Feat of Belarusians .. I want to say a lot, but I can not .. Happy Victory Day! soldier
  6. treskoed
    treskoed 9 May 2013 09: 02 New
    In Belarus, today the population is less than before the war. The war brought losses to every Belarusian family. Heroes of war, the holiday of Great Victory for Belarusians is sacred! Happy Victory Day, heroic people and their worthy President !!!
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 9 May 2013 10: 38 New
      You are a little wrong. Pre-war population in Belarus recovered by 1973
      1. treskoed
        treskoed 9 May 2013 19: 04 New
        I apologize, a little wrong: 1941-9,092 million people; 1973-9,182 million people.
        1. gremlin1977
          gremlin1977 10 May 2013 00: 07 New
          lies and provocation
      2. The comment was deleted.
  7. Larus
    Larus 9 May 2013 09: 59 New
    In time, the Old Man dispersed these white-red-white new shortcomings, otherwise everything would be the same as on the outskirts, they would scoop up all the glory of our people in favor of a handful of thieves under nationalAnalistic flags and slogans.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 9 May 2013 10: 37 New
      In Belarus, even without Lukashenko, there never were those who would declare a "German liberation", like their neighbors in the north and south.
    2. Kostya pedestrian
      Kostya pedestrian 9 May 2013 15: 12 New
      I just want to note that the flag propagated as an opposition has no historical ties with Belarus, as well as with Historical Lithuania or Russia. Our spradvechny scyag always was crimson, originating from Vladimir Novgorod the Great Prince of Kiev.

      So, Alexander Grigoryevich actually managed to get into Poznyak’s camp as a real partisan scout, and skillfully outplayed them, wrapping them in flight over the hill, like the Red Army of the police once, and returned Belarus its historical and valiant regalia.

      I would even take the initiative to nominate Alexander Grigoryevich to the Golden Star of the Republic of Belarus, because he practically had to enter the battle with a quantitatively superior opponent and practically unarmed without support, both from the West and from the East, in the very rear of Europe.
  8. sergo0000
    sergo0000 9 May 2013 10: 57 New
    Catches up again
    us early May.
    Let's get together
    drink for victory.
    And that our
    life is different now
    i would like with dad
    speak softly.

    Victory Day Mom
    will buy as before
    red carnations -
    holiday bouquet.
    But today dad
    Do not disturb the wounds.
    Pope's third holiday
    no longer with us.

    Peter Davydov
    May 2003.
    Happy Great Victory Day!
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 9 May 2013 11: 15 New
      Quote: sergo0000
      i would like with dad
      speak softly.
      My father always talked with dad when he drank vodka, he never saw him, because he was born in 42 years ..
      1. sergo0000
        sergo0000 9 May 2013 11: 54 New
        And from my grandfather there was no talker at all! He was silent more and more. And if he started to say something, then everyone else was silent. winked And until his death, a portrait of I.V. Stalin hung on the wall. And I inherited it. hi Happy Aleksey!
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 9 May 2013 12: 30 New
          my grandfather was also silent, the main thing was that there were enough mines, and then the DPRK armed, in short, a member from 25 years old, rehabited.
  9. honest jew
    honest jew 9 May 2013 11: 03 New
    Happy Victory Day!
  10. Genur
    Genur 9 May 2013 11: 46 New
    I regularly come to Minsk. And always, when I go around the city, a lump rolls up to my throat. Nowhere do they remember the fallen in that war, as in Belarus. Great people. Thank you, Belarus!
    1. med262
      med262 9 May 2013 13: 03 New
      this is precisely this feeling I experienced in Vitebsk the other day (see the comment a bit below) I understand you very well. Happy Great Victory Day!
    2. TSOOBER
      TSOOBER 9 May 2013 14: 13 New
      THANK YOU drinks Eternal memory to the Heroes !!
  11. Igarr
    Igarr 9 May 2013 12: 28 New
    Happy Victory Day!
    Belarus, the Republic of Belarus is a country that has stepped out of the wreckage of the Soviet Union into the future. Good future.
    And not in a tolerant swamp.
    1. med262
      med262 9 May 2013 12: 54 New
      I absolutely agree with you! especially about the swamp!
  12. med262
    med262 9 May 2013 12: 53 New
    The other day I went to Vitebsk. On Victory Square I saw a huge slogan: The feat of the SOVIET people is Immortal!
    a huge number of monuments in honor of the Heroes of War, street names in honor of the same Heroes, I almost shed a tear. Seriously. I felt that the sense of unity of our people lives in Belarus like nowhere else. They do not have a division into Russians, Belarusians, Ukrainians, etc. The feat of all our fathers and grandfathers is IMMORTAL !!!
    Happy Great Victory Day!
  13. lars
    lars 9 May 2013 13: 36 New
    Thank you for the article!
    A simple example from practice: students from Belarus often come to study, all kinds of things happen, but in general they relate to learning as in the best Soviet times.
    Regards, brothers! And with Victory Day!
  14. pensioner
    pensioner 9 May 2013 15: 21 New
    Those who deserve special admiration and worship for their struggle are Belarusians. Who has not yet read, I advise you to definitely read - Nikolay Obrynba "The fate of the militia."
  15. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 9 May 2013 15: 24 New
    Google the “Stalin Line” - a masterpiece - a real open-air panorama museum, not every country is richer than Belarus, the authorities could afford it, and ours not only managed, and not for the violation of the rights of other budget consumers. Well done!
  16. George
    George 9 May 2013 15: 26 New
    Hello all.
    Teachers raised us at the history of the life and death of Marat Kazei. He is for me an example of the unbroken spirit of our people.
    Happy holiday to all!
    Happy Victory Day !!!
    1. Kostya pedestrian
      Kostya pedestrian 10 May 2013 17: 58 New
      I want to add from my life experience - this is an example of Victory, and a very relevant example for Europe, when Russia will be surrounded by pro.

      By the way, I read somewhere that Chaimon Howe - the producer of The Armor of God inspired this example on the scene of Jackie Chan in the lair of drug dealers.

  17. luka095
    luka095 9 May 2013 17: 15 New
    Happy Victory Day! Eternal memory to all who defended their homeland!
  18. knn54
    knn54 9 May 2013 17: 25 New
    The country was lifted from ruins. Belarus quickly achieved overwhelming success because for almost 40 years the former partisans led the Power!
  19. Tarpon
    Tarpon 9 May 2013 18: 40 New
    Quote: sergo0000
    And from my grandfather there’s no talker at all!

    Mine was silent too.
    But he could tell a lot, he fought in the civilian, was captured by the Poles.
    In the Second World War since August 1941 in the ranks (infantry). After severe wounds on the Kursk Bulge, he was commissued.

    ETERNAL MEMORY !!! They talked a little, but did a lot !!!
  20. gremlin1977
    gremlin1977 10 May 2013 00: 05 New
    Quote: Spade
    You are a little wrong. Pre-war population in Belarus recovered by 1973

    lodges and provocation in 1940, the population of Belarus amounted to 40 million people at the moment a little more than 000 million.
  21. Marek Rozny
    Marek Rozny 22 May 2013 00: 24 New
    Belarusians - well done! Heroic nation. Not every nation could withstand such a blow. In general, for me, all Belarusians are partisans, ready at any moment to derail the enemy squad))))
    By the way, we were about to shoot a series about Kasym Kaysenov, who was partisan in Belarus. A man with his fighters was the first to force the Dnieper, but never received a Hero. Well, all right, the main thing is that Belarusians, Kazakhs, Russians, Yakuts, Ukrainians, Uzbeks, Azerbaijanis, Armenians and others remember our great work, which we could only do together. One by one would break us like twigs of a broom. Without Baku oil, without Almaty residents near Moscow, without Belarusian partisans, without a Russian soldier Vanya, without verses from Jews, without a Mongol horse and without a Georgian led, the enemy on the Volga would not have been stopped.