Military Review

Prospection

16

Russian aircraft designers have ten years to create a promising aviation platforms demanded by both the domestic air force and the foreign market.


Although the first flight of the prototype MiG-29 fighter took place back in the distant 1977 year, aviation systems based on this platform still remain highly competitive. This is promoted both by the peculiarity of the general situation in the market, where all the remaining offers in the light and middle class have serious price, technological and political limitations, and the constant efforts of engineers and designers of RAC "MiG" to increase the capabilities of this family of fighters.

The life cycle of fourth-generation fighter aircraft is unusually long. Previously, generations changed every ten to fifteen years (except for the special case of the F-22), but the mass transition to the fifth generation begins only now - more than 35 years after the first flights of the previous generation prototypes. At the same time, it’s not a fact that the F-35 will be able to force out older cars: the cost of this “cheap” fighter was too high, it’s too expensive to operate. The capabilities of the newest American car are still not obvious for some or obviously excessive for other Air Force. Meanwhile, fourth-generation aircraft demonstrate remarkable market survivability. For example, while the production of the fifth-generation F-22 American fighter is discontinued, the latest Stilnt Eagle’s latest Stealth version of its predecessor, the F-15, which Raptor was actually designed to replace, continues to be considered by some air forces as a possible future procurement. Although the offers of the fifth generation already have an obvious effect on the market, sales of fourth-generation cars will continue, if not dominate, for another ten to fifteen years, since they are financially and technologically more accessible to the vast majority of countries.

But even among the fourth-generation fighter aircraft, the MiG-29, being a relatively light machine, stands out with additional price and political advantages. This is not only one of the most affordable modern combat aircraft on the market, its supplies are also characterized by low political sensitivity compared to sales of powerful heavy fighters. This factor is of particular importance when it comes to contracts with states or regimes whose relations with the western mentors of all mankind are not quite good. The MiG also has numerous price, political, and technological constraints that competitors face.

Competitors

The arms market is influenced by many different factors, but roughly, simplifying and vulgarizing, they can be reduced to three large groups: policy, cost and technology.

From the point of view of political prerequisites and cost, Chinese fighters FC-29 and F-1 could become the most dangerous competitors of the MiG-10. The Chinese have enormous opportunities for economic incentives for their defense exports - from dumping to granting highly attractive loans or offering comprehensive cooperation programs, the main content of which concerns the construction of infrastructure and the development of the commodity sector, and the supply of weapons is a pleasant, but by no means the most important addition. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, the PRC can offer political support, which, first of all, states that are inclined to acquire just Russian equipment need. In general, almost any Russian client, with the exception of India and Vietnam, may consider purchasing in China acceptable or even desirable. Venezuela and Algeria, Egypt and Sudan, Iran and Syria - all these countries at various times showed or could show interest in Chinese aircraft. In general, China works in the same markets as Russia, but it may offer more attractive financial terms of transactions. And after Russia joined the sanctions against the Islamic Republic of Iran, it did not prevent European neo-colonizers and Arabian obscurantists from tearing to pieces and plundering the Libyan Jamahiriya, politically, China, perhaps, became even more preferable than Russia. However, fighters conditionally fourth generation sold by China only to Pakistan. There are many explanations for this, but one thing is beyond doubt: Russia is still able to block any potential sales of FC-1 and F-10, since both fighters are equipped with Russian engines. China is actively working to create its own analogues of our AL-31F / FN and RD-93 engines, but judging by the fact that in the past two years, purchases of Russian engines have not only not decreased, but have also become more ambitious, the results of these works leave little to be desired the best.

Another potentially very dangerous competitor to the MiG-29, the Gripen ultra-light Swedish fighter, combines high technology and excellent price parameters. It is the cheapest in operation of fourth-generation fighter jets, the hour of its flight costs 4,7 thousand dollars compared to the 17 – 18 thousand from the Typhoon and Rafale and the extreme 31 thousand from the F-35. The aircraft is optimized for serving conscripts in field conditions. At the same time, Gripen became the first European fighter that implements the concept of network-centric actions and the first aviation complex capable of using the latest European Meteor over-the-horizon rocket. In general, it is an ideal machine for countries with a small territory and modest resources, not only for the purchase, but also for the operation of modern fighters. The disadvantage of this masterpiece of Swedish engineering was the presence in the design of the aircraft of critical important elements of foreign production, primarily the American engine, as well as extremely strict Swedish export legislation, which closes sales of this aircraft to a number of countries. Just as Russia can control the export sales of Chinese aircraft that are motorized by our engines, Americans can always block Gripen contracts. There is credible evidence that the air forces of at least two countries, namely Poland and Jordan, would prefer to buy a small Swedish plane at one time, but under pressure from the USA they were forced to choose non-optimal F-forces for these states' air forces. 16. Hard Swedish export control, in which the system is influenced by representatives of the legislature, makes it difficult to supply military systems to countries with political systems that are not ideal from the point of view of Western standards. It is known, for example, that Colonel Gaddafi showed an active interest in Gripen, but the Swedes even refused to enter into negotiations with the Libyans. As a result, until now, Gripen has only four foreign customers, two of them - the Czech Republic and Hungary - did not buy planes, but rented. Now the future of the car depends entirely on the outcome of their purchase by the Swiss Air Force, who are ready to order 22 units and finance the creation of a new version of Gripen NG. However, this decision must be approved in a national referendum. If the Swiss vote against it, in fact it will mean the end of the heroic stories brilliant Swedish aircraft industry.

Direct European counterparts of the MiG-29 in terms of weight and dimensions - twin-engine fighters Rafale and Typhoon - as platforms for half a generation more modern than the Mikoyan machine and passed the test of battle (against defenseless Libyans and even more defenseless Islamists in Mali). However, as combat systems, they do not have a radical advantage over modern and prospective members of the MiG-29 family. Moreover, in some areas, the Mikoyan people are even ahead of the Europeans. To date, only the MiG-35 demonstrator has launched missiles on guidance from a radar with an active phased array; not a single European fighter has yet this capability. The fantastic price of these, of course, serious cars and the high cost of operation severely limit their export opportunities. The record holder at a cost among fourth-generation Typhoon fighters is sold only to Austria, where a corruption scandal broke out in this connection, and to Saudi Arabia, whose ruling dynasty usurped power after this World War I only thanks to the British, with whom it has since symbiotic relationship. Rafale, who lost to the Americans tenders in South Korea and Singapore, was repeatedly literally on the verge of success in the overseas market. But every time deals broke down. Neither Brazil, nor the United Arab Emirates, nor Qatar, nor Oman have yet bought a French car. Dassault remains the finalist of the Indian megatinder MMRCA, but in this case the contract has not yet been concluded, and the prospects for its signing are not obvious. In general, European cars are positioned in a higher price category. It seems that even the first-tranche Eurofi ghter, which can be offered for sale during the economic crisis, is being discussed in Britain, will lose much of the MiG-29 for the price and quality requirements of the staff.

Paradoxically, serious competition for the Russian MiG-29 can be ... MiG-29. Of the actual composition of the Air Force fraternal, and at times and places even the allied countries of the CIS. In any case, contrary to what is often written, the main competitor in concluding the last export contract for the sale of Russian MiG-29 (and this is a deal worth 410 million euros for the supply of 20 machines to Myanmar) was not China, but Belarus. In fact, in the summer of 2009, the Burmese had already agreed on everything with Minsk, and only an emergency and highly effective intervention by Rosoboronexport and specialists in foreign economic activity of MiMiGK rectified the situation. The contract with Russia was signed in December of the same year. It is also known that Azerbaijan acquired Ukrainian MiG-29, in the place of which there could well have been Russian cars. By the way, it is the Ukrainians, and not the Americans, who are most actively intriguing against the purchases of the Russian weapons Iraq who is interested in MiG-29. Every Iraqi dollar spent on Russian products is a loss for Kiev. In November last year, Ukrainian agents managed to suspend the implementation of a package agreement with Russia for the purchase of helicopters and air defense systems, but now the contracts have been re-signed. In principle, Russia has all the tools to influence Kiev and Minsk. But sometimes, as in the case of Myanmar, they work, and sometimes, as in the case of Azerbaijan, they do not.

We state: there is no shortage of competitors in the MiG-29 on the market, but all of them are either located in a different price niche, or face serious political and technological constraints when promoting for export. The most modern versions of the MiG-29 — the MiG-29М / М2 and the MiG-29UPG — and the particularly promising MiG-35 — preserve high competitiveness.

Medium term "shipbuilders"

In the perspective of the next 8 – 10 years, the main capabilities of the company are associated with the unique niche offer of the MiG-29K carrier-based fighter aircraft and the MiG29UPG modernization solution, unsurpassed by the cost / efficiency criterion.

The primary impetus to the creation of the MiG-29K ship fighter in its current form was given with the start of the program for the construction of the Indian aircraft-carrying cruiser Vikramaditya. In accordance with the contract signed by 20 on January 2004, RSK РMiG≫ was to conduct a significant amount of research and development to build a new aircraft and supply the Indian Navy with 16 of such machines. The development of a new deck fighter is not a trivial task, in this particular case it is complicated by the need to create a full cycle production from scratch and build a new cooperation. This task was successfully accomplished, and already in 2010, the company began a formal transfer of fighters to the customer, although the construction of the carrier — in fact, the aircraft-carrying cruiser — was behind schedule. The attitude of the Indians to the work carried out at RSK was best reflected by the fact of signing in 2010 of the second contract for the purchase of another 29 MiG-29K.

Thanks to the Indian order, a unique niche product was created and launched into large-scale production. At present, this is the only proposal in the world for a deck fighter of horizontal take-off, which can be operated from aircraft carriers with a springboard. In the future, probably there will be a heavy Chinese J-15, which, however, is unlikely to ever be offered for export. Both other ship-based fighters on the market — the American F-18E / F Super Hornet and the French Rafale — need expensive, capricious, and catapult-devouring for weight and volume. There is no doubt that full-fledged aircraft carriers with catapults will be less widely used (if they are built at all) among the new carrier-based powers than ships with a springboard.

Prospects for new orders for the MiG-29K associated with the development of the Russian Navy and the Indian Navy. The domestic fleet has already ordered the 2012 20 MiG-29K and 4 MiG-29K-UB in February, thus deciding to change the type of its deck plane. As in the case of Russian orders for the frigates of the 11356 project and Su-30CM fighters, previous Indian purchases determined Russian military-technical policy, which in itself is an interesting phenomenon. There is no doubt that the Russian sailors will continue to purchase and at least the contracting of another such party will follow.

New Indian contracts are also possible. Indian Carrier Development Program fleet involves the acquisition in addition to Vikramaditya of two more aircraft carriers of national construction. Forty-five contracted fighters for three ships, taking into account the need to have a reserve or even removable air wings, is clearly not enough. An additional requirement will be at least another 20–25 aircraft. Moreover, the rapid development of the Chinese aircraft carrier program in general may raise the question of expanding the aircraft carrier base before the Indian Navy. Given the slow construction of aircraft carriers at national shipyards, the best solution would be to order another aircraft carrier from Russia - sister ship Vikramaditya or its improved and modernized version.

In addition to purchasing a second aircraft carrier, it would be logical to order a second nuclear submarine in a pair of the Chakra II nuclear submarine and the third tranche of Talwarclass frigates. The Northern Machine-Building Enterprise and the Nevskoye Design Bureau in the course of fulfilling the contract for Vikramaditya acquired the necessary competence, and their current financial and production situation is noticeably better than in the middle of the zero years. So building from scratch such a ship would require even less time and is fraught with less technical risks than the 2004 contract of the year. It is clear that such a decision would entail an increase in the order for the MiG-29K.

We summarize. As of today, MiG has partly completed contracts for the production of a total of 69 ship fighters: 45 MiG-29K for the Indian Navy and 24 vehicles for the Russian Navy. According to the most modest estimates, new orders will increase this number by 40 – 50 units, bringing their total number to the 110 – 120 deck-based aircraft. If you do not take into account the unattainable US, in the long term only China can potentially deploy a larger-scale production of ship-based fighters.

Modernization

In the atmosphere of impending global economic stagnation, even relatively dynamic Asian countries are paying increasing attention to modernization. In the face of growing budgetary constraints, modernization is an increasingly attractive alternative to the procurement of new weapons. With the help of Indian partners, MiG Corporation caught this trend on time. By order of the Indian Air Force, the company has developed a relatively inexpensive, but highly effective, upgrade option for the MiG-29 according to the MiG-29UPG standard. Aircraft receive a new weapon system, built around the modern radar "Beetle-ME", new aviation weapons and new engines. The upgrade provides the ability to extend the fighter service life cycle by 15 years. The main thing is to eliminate the most unpleasant flaws of the old versions of the MiG-29 - the lack of multifunctionality, a small radius of action and the high cost of operation. The new weapon control system transforms this maneuverable melee fighter into a fully multi-functional vehicle. Additional fuel tanks make it possible to significantly increase the radius of action that is clearly insufficient in the past. Finally, the transition to operation as it sharply reduces its cost. In essence, the MiG-29UPG program is an opportunity to actually get a new and relatively modern fighter at a more than modest price.

In March, 2008, the Indian Air Force signed a contract worth 964 million dollars to upgrade the 63 MiG-29 standard UPG. The MiG corporation, seeing India as a strategic partner with whom there is a long-standing trust relationship, accelerated the conclusion of this agreement, although it could delay negotiations and get a higher price. However, realizing the urgent need for Indians to support the operation of the MiG-29 fleet, and hence the strength of the air force under the prolonged MMRCA tender, RAC sacrificed short-term commercial gain for the long-term interests of both partners. As a result, the Russian MiG-29 modernization program is two years ahead of the similar and more expensive modernization program of the French Mirage 2000.

It seems that the example of India influenced the Malaysian military, who also thought about the possibility of upgrading their MiG-29N fleet. Previously, there were plans to write off the remaining MiGo's in the 16 Royal Malaysian Air Force and replace them with new multi-role fighters, to select which it was planned to hold a tender between the American, European and Russian proposals. The harsh economic reality and sudden military and political complications in the state of Sabah corrected the ambitious plans of the Malaysians (in March, armed groups of separatists with logistical support in the Philippines landed in this remote state). Although the rebellion has been eliminated, the likelihood of the conflict continuing is high. In order to avoid such a development of events, the Malaysian military needs, first of all, to block the possibility of penetration of new militant groups, which use small water craft to cross the Malaysian territory. Modernized according to the UPG standard or at least the SMT, the MiG-29 fighter jets will become an effective and cheap tool to fight against attempts to break through in Sabah new rebels. The modernization itself may take less than a year, while holding a tender, obtaining and mastering new production machines takes five to seven years. The radar "Zhuk-ME" allows for the review of naval targets and the targeting of anti-ship missiles on them or their destruction using a cannon. Note that, for example, the European Typhoon does not possess such anti-shipping capabilities.

Modernization of the MiG-29 and the installation of a new modern radar is an attractive solution not only for such advanced air forces as the Indian or Malaysian, but also for less well-off countries. Moreover, for such states, modernization is becoming an urgent need dictated by budget constraints.

Today, in all markets, including the market for military products, two largely opposite trends are facing. Manufacturers themselves strive to constantly increase the complexity of their products, saturating them with additional and, as a rule, expensive, but non-obvious functions. Following the fashion, the consumer sometimes perceives this dictate of the proposal, but in most cases follows the rational logic of finding the best balance between cost and capabilities. Top products will always and everywhere occupy a relatively narrow niche, but the mass consumer wants to have simple and functional products. Complexes based on the MiG-29 - this is the second category of proposals. Nothing superfluous, no additional functions imposed, but at the same time an absolute ability to fulfill its mission with minimal resources. In the context of depression and financial restrictions, more and more air forces of the world are beginning to appreciate these qualities.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.odnako.org/
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  1. Predator-74
    Predator-74 16 May 2013 08: 43 New
    +3
    I would like to live to see the time when domestic aircraft manufacturers would become world leaders. In principle, they have good chances.
    1. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 16 May 2013 18: 09 New
      +2
      Quote: Predator-74
      I would like to live to see the time when domestic aircraft manufacturers would become world leaders. In principle, they have good chances.


      And what about going to die already? Unlike other manufacturers, our so far are the only ones who export flying aircraft. The rest with this case somehow do not go well or do not deliver, or do not fly :) ...
  2. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 16 May 2013 08: 51 New
    +1
    Quote: Predator-74
    I would like to live to see the time when domestic aircraft manufacturers would become world leaders. In principle, they have good chances.

    Everywhere we were leaders in this industry and now we’ll gain some strength and be ahead of the rest!
  3. Canep
    Canep 16 May 2013 09: 21 New
    +4
    A hypersonic fighter with the ability to enter orbit is the foreseeable finale of the development of military aviation. I think and need to strive for this in promising developments.
    1. postman
      postman 16 May 2013 12: 04 New
      +2
      Quote: Canep
      A hypersonic fighter with the ability to enter orbit is the foreseeable finale of the development of military aviation

      In the realities of our world, this means your fighter must be in the dimensions of the Soyuz launch vehicle or be launched from SN type "Mriya"
      Do not repeat stupid things.


      Quote: Canep
      I think and need to strive for this in promising developments.

      There are questions:
      1.The goals and objectives of such a "fighter"?
      2.Cost piece?
      3.BAO cost?
      4. Infrastructure (airfield, gas station, Mission Control Center)? And places of deployment?
      5. operational readiness?
      6. "Cost" of flight technical personnel?
      7. Cost of an hour of flight
      8. What weapons will be used (Rays of death?). Just (the Americans) mastered the launch of V-V rockets at supersonic. A ON HYPERSONIC? And at a speed close to the first orbital?
      9. Maneuvering on GB and at orbital speeds? (I’ll have to attach a glider with fuel back)
      etc. etc.

      Taking up the calculator and the available data, we conclude:
      - Even the United States will be able to overextend to do 2 - 3, we probably will 1 (ruining the economy, as with the "Energia" launch vehicle)
      -Targets for this pepelats not and in the foreseeable future is not expected
      -One flight will cost $ 170 in the "area"
      -When building infrastructure, the costs will be comparable to another OLYMPIAD in Sochi
      -It will be necessary to create a new military university and a squad of fighter astronauts
      -Operating readiness (I will not say anything about MOT, refueling, draining and other technical things) - PILOT !!

      We look: HOW MUCH THE COSMONAUT IS PREPARING FOR ORBITAL FLIGHT (prof. Preparation and for health reasons).
      And the overloads on the gz orbital fighter will be many times more ...
      Well and so on

      ============
      The fact that you declare the same stupidity as plasma generators to create invisibility.
      Litter if offended. But why repeat heresy?
      1. Chaplain
        Chaplain 16 May 2013 12: 50 New
        +3
        Time, like science, does not stand still, on the basis of this, it turns out that it is too early to talk about the mass, dimensions, goals and objectives of the equipment and weapons of the future. Anything can be.
        Once upon a time, people who believed that a person learned to learn to fly were considered insane, but now we are talking about airplanes as commonplace.
        So it’s better to set yourself hard-to-reach goals (currently unrealistic) and strive to realize them. Even mistakes make a difference.
        1. postman
          postman 16 May 2013 13: 02 New
          +3
          Quote: ChapelN
          Everything can be.

          If such armament is achieved (specific power of the energy source), materials, the cost is reduced by 3 (!) Orders, then ...
          That is, no GZ orbital fighter interceptor will be needed in FIG:
          -EM railguns with generator systems will carry the entire orbital group (at 5-7 km / s)
          -satellite group equipped with the same railguns will block the entire surface of the planet.

          In FIG it is needed.
          And most importantly: the goals and objectives of such a "fighter"?
          Hunts for the ISS?
          lex parsimoniae: “New entities should not be attracted unless absolutely necessary”
    2. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 16 May 2013 18: 11 New
      +2
      Quote: Canep
      A hypersonic fighter with the ability to enter orbit is the foreseeable finale of the development of military aviation. I think and need to strive for this in promising developments.


      Che too trifle then? Take orbital right away or aerospace. It has long been possible to build. It lacks only one small thing, not even two - the Source of energy and the engine. And in other dreams have come true.
      1. Just Vasilich
        Just Vasilich 16 May 2013 22: 02 New
        +1
        Geisenberg: It lacks only one small thing, not even two - An energy source and an engine. And in other dreams have come true.

        And what about the third "little" - materials? Or will we sheathe percale?
  4. svskor80
    svskor80 16 May 2013 09: 47 New
    +4
    It is unlikely to be the one and only, there will always be basically equal models of different countries. And Russia agrees for a long time among the leaders of the world aircraft industry and I hope that it will remain there.
  5. Metlik
    Metlik 16 May 2013 12: 30 New
    0
    I would also like to know how the creation of the UAV on the MiG is progressing.
    1. saturn.mmm
      saturn.mmm 16 May 2013 23: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: Metlik
      I would also like to know how the creation of the UAV on the MiG is progressing.

      The creation of the drone is already advancing on Sukhoi in cooperation with the MIG, so far only statements.
  6. Argon
    Argon 16 May 2013 13: 45 New
    -1
    Unfortunately, I am not competent enough to consider this material in the geopolitical aspect, as the author does, but on the whole I share the idea of ​​the subtext of the publication, I agree that, according to the criterion of efficiency-cost, the MiG-29 platform is much more preferable than the Su-27 platform. as a generation 4 +++ fighter ... for the Erefia Air Force, while waiting for the T-50 to put on a uniform, and not a "parade", but a "camouflage". Since the cost of both the board itself and the cost of the life cycle is determined by the mass of the Moreover, with an increase in mass, the price grows geometrically. The second advantage of the MiG is the reservation of contracts with India, which reduces the price of its own machines, contributes to the further growth of the export potential. classmates ". Why work on engines for the MiG is nipped in the bud, this question should be asked to the management of" UAC ". Even if such an engine is created operatively obviously, on the basis of turbine 33, with the use of digital control systems and, finally, with individual automation units. Competition in the foreign market in this segment will remain quite high. But the issue will be resolved in principle; titanium destinies are being worn by the management of Rosvooruzheniye; the arms trade has a second excuse like a hole in the butt of everyone. Well, what about the Su-1, of course, this machine has somewhat wider capabilities in aerial combat, and especially in dealing with strike missions (mainly in terms of carrying capacity, but this is not Su-2) .However, they are not so much wider as the price is higher, but especially the LLC. On the foreign market, it can only compete with amers, more precisely with the F-35 and F-34Silent. However, not anyone really needs it, well, except for China, all already have Su-22s and they will modernize them. So, it is unlikely that it will be possible to reduce the cost of "their" aircraft through exports. yes
    1. Odysseus
      Odysseus 16 May 2013 18: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: Argon
      But in general, I share the idea of ​​the subtext of the publication, I agree that, according to the criterion of efficiency-cost, the MiG-29 platform is much more preferable than the Su-27 platform as a 4 +++ generation fighter ... for the Air Force erephy, while waiting for the T-50 will put on a uniform, and not a "parade", but a "camouflage"

      I agree that the MiG-35 with AFAR would be much more preferable as an "intermediate" type than the Su-35. But alas .... It has long been decided on the priority of Sukhoi aircraft.
      Quote: Argon
      In the foreign market, he can only compete with the amers, more precisely with the F-22 and F-15 Silent. However, no one really needs, well, except for China, everyone already has a Su-30 and they will upgrade them

      F-22 is not allowed to enter the foreign market, F-15 Silent is much more expensive. Poghosyan will try to take dumping, but the export prospects of the Su-35 are very doubtful even in this case. They offered him a lot where, but so far only China is ready to take a small dumping the party.
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 16 May 2013 21: 27 New
        +1
        Quote: Odyssey
        I agree that the MiG-35 with AFAR would be much more preferable as an "intermediate" type than the Su-35. But alas .... It has long been decided on the priority of Sukhoi aircraft.

        And the decisions, in my opinion, are correct.
        This is in the good old days, we could afford to have two fighters that complemented each other. Now, with a general reduction in aviation (compared with the past), fighters with a long flight range adapted to a wide range of tasks are needed to protect our vast territory. I think no one will argue that a heavy fighter (that is, the 27th line) is more suitable for these tasks.
        1. Argon
          Argon 16 May 2013 22: 44 New
          -1
          A MiG with a comfortable tank is not inferior in range to the "Sukhoi" - see the MiG-29SMT; UPG. However, an hour of flight "Su" is much more expensive. True, supersonic cruising for the MiG is still fantastic, engines, damn engines. sad
        2. Odysseus
          Odysseus 17 May 2013 03: 29 New
          +1
          Quote: Bad_gr
          I think no one will argue that a heavy fighter (that is, the 27th line) is more suitable for these tasks.

          Both the Su-35 (Su-27m) and the MiG-35 (MiG-29m), for all known reasons, were much delayed in their "appearance." Now they can be considered either as "intermediate type" fighters, or as the basis of the Air Force with their massive production (while the T-50 will be a piece goods).
          In both of these cases, the Mi-35 with conformas and a refueling system in the air, with an AFAR (it really needs to be finalized), which has a lower aircraft and life cycle cost and most likely a lower ESR, is preferable to the Su-35.
          The main advantage of the Su-35 in the engines. But if you deal with the Mig-35, this issue can be resolved.
  7. Corneli
    Corneli 16 May 2013 17: 54 New
    +1
    As for me, the "main competitor" for MIG 29 is not the 5th generation, not gripenes, not typhons, not Chinese handicrafts, not F-16 and certainly not MIIGs of the countries of the former USSR (in Belarus and Ukraine there are as many as 100 two and those xs in what state). The main "competitor" is the Sukhoi Design Bureau (more precisely, lobbying for the projects of this Design Bureau), as a result of the underfunding of MIG and the interception of its contracts.
    P.S. The author is a great dreamer and "Ukrainophile" - "By the way, it is the Ukrainians, not the Americans, who are most actively intriguing against the purchase of Russian weapons by Iraq, which is interested in the MiG-29." - Where does this infa come from? the Iraqis themselves told you? : white:
    "Every Iraqi dollar spent on Russian products is a loss for Kiev." - and apparently a big plus for the USA: laughing:
    "Last November Ukrainian agents we managed to suspend the implementation of a package agreement with Russia for the purchase of helicopters and air defense systems, but now the contracts have been re-signed. "- just how cool these" Ukrainian agents "are !!! I was just proud of their steepness! fellow
    PPP Migov in Ukraine no more !!! 80 pieces were back in 2010, and disassembled, for storage, and in general FIG knows in what condition. "Competitors", damn it)
  8. Odysseus
    Odysseus 16 May 2013 18: 00 New
    +3
    A good article, correctly assessing the shortcomings of competitors. But, unfortunately, the reality in it is somewhat embellished. RSK Mig has many problems. The main thing is that it is an "unloved child" in the Poghosyan UAC. Besides a ship with outdated radars, there are no orders from its own Air Force Mig does not. Further, there are problems with the production base, with engines, there is still no radar with AFAR.
    So, at this moment, apart from a ship with an outdated radar, Mig can offer only small parties of the Mig-29 to countries that are not rich or politically connected with Russia, and that is only until the moment when the PRC solves the problems with the resource of its new engines.
    1. Argon
      Argon 16 May 2013 20: 58 New
      0
      Not everything is so unambiguous with radars, if I understood correctly, the respected Odyssey is not satisfied with the radar, but the receiving-emitting device. Well, there is for the 35th AFAR, even in two diameters. For a shipbuilder at this stage, the choice of "slit" is quite justified, near the water as the underlying surface = 1, and the "africa" ​​of the first generation under certain conditions "glitch" (well, simplified so) over the sea. Subsequently, the replacement of the antenna module does not seem difficult. "Beetle" is made according to the open architecture.
  9. Odysseus
    Odysseus 17 May 2013 02: 31 New
    +2
    Quote: Argon
    Well, it exists for the 35th AFAR, even in two diameters

    They exist, but in prototypes. Correct me if I'm wrong, but the Mig-35 with a large diameter AFAR is not ready for the series at the moment.
    Quote: Argon
    For a shipbuilder at this stage, the choice of "slit" is quite justified, the absorption coefficient near the water as the underlying surface = 1, and the "africa" ​​of the first generation under certain conditions "glitch" (well, simplified) over the sea. Subsequent replacement of the antenna module does not seem difficult "Beetle" on open architecture is made.

    Perhaps you are right, but in general, the choice of a radar with an AP and a target detection range of EMNIP of 130 km with an EPR of either 3 or 5 squares is not particularly pleasing.
    The main thing is that knowing modern Russian realities, one can be reasonably suspicious of the idea of ​​leaving the revision "for later." This "later" may take a very long time.