Military Review

IEMZ "Dome" masters the release of a modular version of the air defense system "Thor"

29
At Izhevsk Electromechanical Plant (IEMZ) “Kupol”, the development of a new type of armament — a modular version of the famous Tor system — is in full swing. Work on the preparation of production facilities began in the fourth quarter of 2012, the press service of the Izhevsk company said. For OJSC IEMZ Kupol, this production, in fact, is a modernization of an already existing product, the Tor-M2E armored vehicle complex. The main difference of the new system is the absence of a chassis, that is, the availability of the ability to use this anti-aircraft missile system as a separate module with installation on various types of chassis, including the customer's chassis. At the same time, the Tor-М2КМ complex can be placed permanently (without using the chassis).


The modularity of the new anti-aircraft missile system can significantly increase the mobility of the product, as well as interest in the placement of air defense missile systems at positions both within the country and abroad. Work on the creation of a new complex is carried out in accordance with the schedule, which, in addition to the production part itself, also contains a section for testing. At this point in time, according to this version of the air defense missile system, a minimum set of tests was conducted, namely: work on fly-overs, sprinkling and adjustment of the product. The main tests of the Tor-M2KM will be carried out at the test site. With the development of the modular version of the popular Tor-M2 air defense system at the Izhevsk enterprise, they are counting on concluding contracts with representatives of the Russian Ministry of Defense and with foreign customers, the corresponding message was posted on the official website of the Concern PVO Almaz-Antey, with which includes JSC IEMZ "Dome".

IEMZ "Dome" masters the release of a modular version of the air defense system "Thor"

The top military leadership of the country has already managed to get acquainted with the new complex. 24 January 2013, a delegation of the High Command of the Land Forces of Russia visited Izhevsk. The military visited the defense plants of Izhevsk: OJSC Izhevsk Mechanical Plant, OJSC NPO Izhmash, OJSC NITI Progress, and OJSC IEMZ Kupol. As part of a visit to the Dome, the military presented a report on the process of mastering a new product - the Tor-M2 SAM system, as well as its modifications on the Tor-M2К wheeled chassis, the Tor-M2U tracked chassis and the Tor-M M2KM. Later, in the assembly shops of the enterprise, the general director of IEMZ Kupol, S. Vasilyev, showed the members of the military delegation their full-scale samples. The commander-in-chief of the land forces of the country appreciated the new simulator for the air defense missile system, as well as the climate chambers in which tests of military equipment are conducted in various temperature conditions (from minus 50ºC to plus 50ºC). Also, the commander-in-chief visited the production sites for assembling the antenna-launcher and the final assembly of anti-aircraft missile systems.

During a trip to Izhevsk, the commander-in-chief of the ground forces met with the leadership of Udmurtia and discussed the prospects for the technical re-equipment of the Russian army with weapons samples produced in the republic. Also discussed were the formation of the State Defense Order and the further development of defense enterprises in the region.


Later, in February 2013, the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern took part in the AERO INDIA-2013 International Aviation and Space Exhibition. The exhibition was held from 6 to 11 February in the city of Bangalore. The Russian concern represented at the exhibition a single exposition of all its member enterprises. For the first time abroad, the short-range anti-aircraft missile system Tor-M2KM was demonstrated with technical and military equipment in a modular design. When creating this complex by the Izhevsk enterprise OJSC IEMZ Kupol, a large number of new design and technological solutions were used.

The new Russian Tor-M2MK air defense missile system is designed to build air defense of the most important state and military facilities and protect them from attacks by cruise missiles, anti-radar and other guided missiles, airplanes, helicopters, and UAVs that are guided and planning air bombs within the SAM zone in time of day, as well as in difficult noise and meteorological conditions. An autonomous combat module (ABM) of the complex can be installed on the basis of an automobile chassis, trailer, semi-trailer or other platforms of suitable capacity of Russian and foreign manufacture. It is also possible to use this complex in the stationary version.


At the same time, this complex has a maneuverability, which is able to provide the characteristics of the chassis or other platforms. The Tor-MXNMXMK air defense system is capable of detecting, identifying and tracking air targets, as well as firing at them. It is an autonomous combat unit that can be used to carry out the entire range of air defense tasks, both autonomously and as part of various anti-aircraft forces and assets.

An autonomous combat module is an all-weather, autonomous means with sufficient firepower and noise immunity, low response time from the moment the target is detected before launching an anti-aircraft missile, short alert time, high probability of hitting air targets in a wide range of possible heights and flight speeds (in affected area). An electron-optical viewfinder is used as a backup target tracking channel on the complex.

Tactical and technical characteristics of the complex Tor-MHNUMXMK:

Air Target Detection Area:
- in range: 32 km.
- in azimuth: 360 grad.
- by elevation: 0-32, 32-64 hail;
The minimum effective dispersion area (EPR) of air targets is 0,1 м2;
The number of simultaneously detectable targets - 48;
The number of simultaneously followed tracks of priority targets: 10 + 4 (jamming direction);
Air Target Area:
- maximum range to 15 000 m.
- maximum height up to 10 000 m.
- minimum range to 1000 m.
- minimum height up to 10 m;
The maximum speed of the targeted target is 700 m / s;
The number of simultaneously fired targets - up to 4;
The number of missiles on the autonomous combat module - 8 pcs.
The minimum interval between launches of missiles - 3-4 with;
Reaction time - 5 – 10 s;
The loading time of the autonomous combat ZUR module is up to 18 min;
Deployment time (collapse) of the complex - 3 min;
Calculation ABM - 2 people;
Gross weight ABM - no more than 15 t;
Overall dimensions of ABM (length × width × height) - no more than 7500 × 2550 × 3080 mm.
Power consumption - up to 65 kW.

Information sources:
-http: //armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2013/0424/144018194/detail.shtml
-http: //www.kupol.ru/spetstekhnika/zrk-tor-m2km/kharakteristiki
-http: //saidpvo.livejournal.com/141806.html
-http: //ijevsk.bezformata.ru/listnews/suhoputnih-vojsk-posetil-oboronnie/9127068
Author:
29 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Nicholas C.
    Nicholas C. April 30 2013 08: 36 New
    +9
    As they said before: with a new labor victory!
    1. Rustam
      Rustam April 30 2013 13: 36 New
      +2
      question? in the first photo, what kind of chassis? looks like MAN - is there a real photo
      1. 755962
        755962 April 30 2013 14: 18 New
        +7
        That's interesting, but can you "cram" it into a standard container?
        I hope you understand what I mean? wink
        1. Vtel
          Vtel April 30 2013 14: 56 New
          +2
          The Club-K Russian missile system not only allows you to launch missiles from any ships, trucks and railway platforms, but also makes these launches invisible, as it is disguised as a typical cargo container.
          1. Argon
            Argon 1 May 2013 03: 21 New
            +1
            Well, actually, do we have air defense systems here?
          2. Civil
            Civil 1 May 2013 13: 19 New
            +1
            Quote: Vtel
            The Club-K Russian missile system not only allows you to launch missiles from any ships, trucks and railway platforms, but also makes these launches invisible, as it is disguised as a typical cargo container.

            and who will give TsU?
        2. Tektor
          Tektor April 30 2013 22: 15 New
          +1
          Using such containers yes it is possible to covertly concentrate significant striking forces around the territory of the adversary’s territory at a minimum distance (flying time - several minutes) and remotely control them ... Yes, it is possible in the territory itself, why not?
        3. Geisenberg
          Geisenberg 1 May 2013 01: 47 New
          +3
          Quote: 755962
          That's interesting, but can you "cram" it into a standard container?
          I hope you understand what I mean? wink


          And yes and no, for both questions. For this installation, you need to re-design everything for a specific container.
          1. Argon
            Argon 1 May 2013 03: 26 New
            -1
            And, what's the point, he will give himself out as soon as he enters the duty mode, that you are a citizen here confused with a finger.
      2. studentmati
        studentmati 2 May 2013 22: 56 New
        +1
        The chassis in the third photo is also not of domestic origin.
  2. AK-47
    AK-47 April 30 2013 08: 44 New
    -6
    The modularity of the new anti-aircraft missile system can significantly increase the mobility of the product

    This does not follow from the article, but logic says the opposite.
    Perhaps it’s good for imports, but a step backward for your army.
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled April 30 2013 08: 55 New
      +1
      Quote: AK-47
      It may be good for imports, but a step backward for your army

      why? What is the bad version of weapons that can be installed on various transport platforms or without them?
      1. Refund_SSSR
        Refund_SSSR April 30 2013 09: 31 New
        +3
        The options are:
        Railway platform, auto-trawl, building roof and all this is one product ... This is mobility and modularity.
        Again, the small mass, due to the lack of a heavy stationary chassis, contributes to greater compactness, lower mass and the possibility of transportation by light aircraft.
        1. self-propelled
          self-propelled April 30 2013 11: 04 New
          0
          so what am I talking about?
      2. AK-47
        AK-47 April 30 2013 10: 29 New
        +1
        Quote: self-propelled
        ... to various transport platforms ...

        Imagine the situation: urgent movement in a combat situation: search for a platform, a tractor - satisfying the requirements for dimensions, carrying capacity, cross-country ability, having good technical condition.
        Why various transport platforms, where is the unification.
        For export, yes, let them bet on anything just to be paid.
        Is there a problem with the production of tractors for military equipment?
        Well, if this is an autonomous semi-stationary installation, why call it mobile.
        1. self-propelled
          self-propelled April 30 2013 11: 10 New
          +1
          Quote: AK-47
          Imagine the situation: urgent movement in a combat situation: search for a platform, a tractor - satisfying the requirements for dimensions, carrying capacity, cross-country ability, having good technical condition.

          imagine the situation: when moving some unit, chassis SAM fails (breakdown, combat damage, etc.); the unit is left without cover from air attacks ... request
        2. Nayhas
          Nayhas April 30 2013 11: 15 New
          +6
          In fact, such things are prepared in advance. And if it is on a standard semi-trailer, then any truck tractor can be hooked. Self-propelled installation is highly dependent on the state of the chassis, any breakdown reduces the potential of the complex to zero, and so any civil tractor requisite and go ...
        3. UFO
          UFO April 30 2013 13: 52 New
          +3
          There are stationary objects that require air defense cover (Airbases, naval bases, etc.) - brought on a trawl, removed, left. Without maintenance of the chassis, maintenance of the driver, etc. wink
    2. Gecko
      Gecko April 30 2013 10: 07 New
      +2
      In general, it's time to hide everything in standard containers, let there be a surprise for the adversary.
  3. _KM_
    _KM_ April 30 2013 12: 57 New
    0
    I understand that the missile block rotates with the antennas?
    1. Silma2013
      Silma2013 5 October 2013 21: 09 New
      0
      So that's why the antenna launcher is called. I served in the air defense but we had a TOR M1 air defense system a good short-range complex !!!
  4. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt April 30 2013 13: 28 New
    +3
    The module itself.
    1. Tektor
      Tektor April 30 2013 22: 08 New
      0
      Will it be located on Dyugon?
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 1 May 2013 00: 58 New
        0
        But it’s -15t (without a supply of missiles and 2 additional crew members with all the manat) from the 140t landing capacity of the boat. Then the boat will not be able to take 3 tanks. And yet, IMHO, such weapons are unnecessary.
  5. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 30 2013 14: 00 New
    -3
    The "modular" version of TOR sounds beautiful, but is it dry? troops such "modular monsters", which are shown in the pictures. SAMs of the battlefield should have the smallest possible dimensions and profile reducing, as far as possible, the effective reflective surface of the complex and, therefore, the probability of their detection by the enemy when the radars of the complex are idle. And here everything is exactly the opposite. Such "modularity" can also be somehow welcomed for stationary air defense systems or ship systems, but not for air defense systems, where mobility, low visibility and high protection from enemy fire should be in the first place. It seems like someone really wants to extend the life of a somewhat outdated complex and get big "grandmothers" for it without fooling themselves with new developments
    1. Roll
      Roll April 30 2013 14: 21 New
      +1
      Hi, not quite so, for modern detection systems, dimensions do not matter much, as well as for defeat. If the circular deviation of the guided munition is 2-3 meters, what size does it matter. But working in more comfortable conditions is a modern priority.
      1. gregor6549
        gregor6549 April 30 2013 15: 17 New
        +2
        I think that you are not quite right.
        When working with air defense systems that use active radar, they try to reduce the operating time of radar transmitters as much as possible in order to reduce the likelihood of radar detection and their destruction by homing missiles / projectiles by radio emission.
        The enemy is fully aware of these tricks, so he tries to detect and disable air defense systems even before their radars begin to show themselves by radiation from their radar. And here the size and shape of the air defense system are of no small importance from the point of view of their detection by enemy radars. Detection of air defense systems by thermal and other radiation is of course also possible, but in terms of detection range of ground targets, all non-radar methods are still significantly inferior to radar methods. Therefore, you always have to choose between comfort and the probability of survival. A particularly acute question with this choice is for air defense systems providing cover for dry troops. These issues were very actively debated at the time when the automatic control system of air defense of the dry troops developed within the framework of the automatic control system "Maneuver" was created and the choice was made in favor of the stealth and survivability of the mobile objects of the automatic control system of air defense, which were supposed to operate in combat formations of the air forces or in close proximity to them. Therefore, it was necessary to squeeze rather bulky KShM and PU equipment into the BMP and the armored personnel carrier, which were completely not intended for this. Accordingly, and with comfort in such "cars" was stress. And it’s hot and crowded and you’re sitting in a coffin. But on the move, yes, along tank lines, and in general, complete. But nothing fought (conditionally, true)
  6. USNik
    USNik April 30 2013 14: 13 New
    0
    SAMs of the battlefield should have the smallest possible dimensions and profile reducing, as far as possible, the effective reflective surface of the complex and, therefore, the probability of their detection by the enemy when the radars of the complex are idle.

    What do you mean by "zrk battlefield"? In the sense of an air defense system that will work in the immediate vicinity of the enemy? If yes, then the Shell is more suitable for this role, by the way the same is modular.
    SAMs of the battlefield should have the smallest possible dimensions and profile reducing, as far as possible, the effective reflective surface of the complex and, therefore, the probability of their detection by the enemy when the radars of the complex are idle

    The "battlefield air defense systems" should, first of all, destroy the targets as quickly and efficiently as possible, and secondly, quickly change the deployment. And what is their "effective reflective surface" (EPR?) Is absolutely not important, especially if the radar of the complex, in your words, is "non-working".
    1. gregor6549
      gregor6549 April 30 2013 15: 30 New
      +5
      Partially to your question I already answered above. As for the Shell and its suitability for use in battle formations, the exchange personally has great doubts about this suitability. I would prefer to deal with the analogue of the "Shell" of the "Tunguska" and the existing versions of the Torah. They are nevertheless more adapted to cover the NE than the "Shell". It is possible to cover the rear objects of the NE (ammunition and fuel depots, hospitals, etc.) and the shell will fit, but it’s not good at the front line. He is rather weak for the front line, although he is hung from head to toe with “shooters” and “peepers”.
      And the last one. Before minus the interlocutor, you need to understand the essence of the issue and try to understand what the interlocutor writes. So far, I have not found such an understanding. I will add that I dealt with these issues for years 30 with hook, and not as an "exploiter", but as a developer of the relevant systems. Yes, and now I try to follow everything that happens in this area. So far, alas, nothing significant is happening. Basically a change in form, without changing the content.
      1. Patton5
        Patton5 April 30 2013 19: 59 New
        0
        Designed to build the air defense of the most important state and military installations and protect them from the attacks of cruise missiles, anti-radar and other guided missiles, planes, helicopters, UAVs, guided and planning air bombs within the area of ​​impact of air defense systems
        or lie?
        1. gregor6549
          gregor6549 1 May 2013 03: 47 New
          +1
          Why are they lying? Of course, this system is designed to deal with various means of air attack of the enemy. The subtlety is that object air defense and air defense of the Dry Forces are two big differences, as they say in Odessa. And then destination is one thing and the ability to do what it is intended for is somewhat different. Yes, a certain ability to detect small targets in the area of ​​responsibility of the complex has a place to be, but this ability strongly depends on the course of ethics goals relative to the complex and the level of the interference environment. If this level is significant and the anti-radar missile flies directly to the complex, then the chances of detecting it and intercepting it are not very high. Cruise missiles are even more complicated. rl means of the complex to detect such goals on time unlikely to be able to. And for more serious radars of ground-based aerials, the antennas of which are raised to a considerable height by targets of the type of Raman, a very serious nut. Well, and as I wrote above, when using such complexes for cover it is dry. troops solving the task of intercepting airborne attacks in comparison with the cover of stationary objects is many times more complicated since this cover often needs to be provided on the march, under enemy fire, etc., without forgetting to mask and cover yourself. And what the hell is this disguise if this is, excuse me, the "huge fool" is flaunting itself. There is no need to take direction finding radars of the complex. Enough ordinary onboard radar of the enemy aircraft and even the eyes of the pilot. And if it is slightly illuminated by a laser, which is also not difficult with given dimensions and right angles, hitting the target with a smart bomb is guaranteed at 99,9%. Of course, I described it all in a somewhat grotesque way, but not very sinful truth. And please pay attention to the word highlighted by me on time. Just finding the target is not enough. It needs to be found at the line that provides the ability to identify the target and its classification, set the target for tracking, aim the shooters at the target, and finally shell the target in those areas where these shooters are most effective (and not just shoot at the air where the target just was, but where then, damn it, washed off)
  7. Zomanus
    Zomanus 1 May 2013 09: 08 New
    +1
    Not bad as an element of object air defense / missile defense. Interestingly, is she able to work in a network / system with other air defense / missile defense systems? And what are its advantages (in a modular layout) compared to the Shell?
  8. Kostyanich
    Kostyanich 1 May 2013 11: 55 New
    +1
    The modular system for the torus was ordered not by the Russian military, but by our allies in the Middle East