Military Review

"Foreign Legion" Nicholas II

15
Marcel Pla, Feldwebel and George KnightIn a year and a few months, the centenary of the event will be celebrated, which will radically change the fate of humanity. Speech on the First World War. Why did I talk about her now? There are two good reasons for this, in my opinion.


First, the “round date” - 1 August 2014 - will be at the height of the holiday season and attention to it will not be too great. Secondly, in the country where you and I live a century of the Great War, most likely, it will be reduced to the anniversary of the legion of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen (OSS).

People’s deputies Doniy and Bryginets a month ago registered a bill proposing to celebrate this “fateful” date at the state level. Even if this project does not become a law, there is no doubt that we will hear a lot about CSS in next August. But the Russian army, I venture to suggest, will remain in dense shadow. They will remember about it except that in the context of the battles on Mount Makovka, where, in the opinion of nationalist historians and propagandists, the Sich archers won a tremendous victory over the tsarist troops.

Therefore, there is a big chance that those who fought under the Russian flags will remain in oblivion. And not only our compatriots were among them. The most famous foreigner in the service of Nicholas II is General Radko-Dmitriev. Bulgarian, member of several wars, army commander. However, Radko-Dmitriev is not the only person from the Balkans who led our great-grandfathers and great-great-grandfathers into battle.

Here is another example - Prince Arseny Karageorgievich, brother of the Serbian king Peter I. He received baptism of fire in the Russian-Japanese war. Then he participated in two Balkan wars and, being disappointed with their results, he left for his second homeland - to Russia. During the world war, he was the brigade commander in the 2 Cavalry Division. At headquarters, the prince did not sit out and was awarded the Order of St. George IV, for bravery.

If you develop the plot of the service of European aristocrats in the army of Emperor Nicholas II, then you need to recall the great-grandson of Napoleon's marshal Joachim Murat. In Russia, the descendant of the Neapolitan king was called Napoleon Akhilovich. At birth (his mother was a Georgian princess of the Dadiani clan) the boy was named Louis Napoleon. He began his military career in the French army. In the Japanese war went to the Russian service, and in World War I was already a general. Prince Murat fought in the Caucasian native horse division, better known as the Wild Division. In the winter of 1914 / 1915. during the fighting in the Carpathians, Napoleon froze his feet. He then walked with difficulty, but remained in the ranks.

In the same "Wild Division" fought Persian Prince Feyzulla Mirza Qajar. This is a completely “our man” - he studied at the Russian military school and, up to the October Revolution, served in the Russian army. In World War II, he consistently commanded the Chechen Equestrian Regiment, the brigade, and then the entire Caucasian native division.

Marcel Pla, visiting comrades in the hospital


And absolutely unique person - Marcel Pla. Its origin is unknown, it is also unclear how the fate of this man after 1916. The fact that he was a dark-skinned, so some thought that right from the circus, he got into the squadron of airships (a mix of the famous Ilya Muromets bomber). There is, however, the opinion that Marseille is from French Polynesia and that he was brought to us as a teenager. For several years, Plya fairly became Russified, although he remained a subject of the Third Republic. Fighting in the Squadron, Plya became a knight of two crosses of St. George. Marcel was a well-aimed machine-gunner and a very brave man: a case is known when he climbed onto the wing of the “Muromts” during the flight and started fixing damaged engines. These works were carried out at a height of one and a half thousand meters.

By the way, it is interesting that almost all of the characters I have named have fought on the territory of Ukraine. Here they would be remembered in August of the fourteenth, and not “ususiv” with their notorious Makovka. But, alas ...
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  1. omsbon
    omsbon April 29 2013 10: 28
    +5
    Russia has always been multinational, tolerant of other faiths so that it is not surprising that different people fought for it.
    But to pay the debt of memory to the soldiers of the 1st World War, we are obliged.
    1. Shawnee
      Shawnee April 29 2013 17: 58
      +3
      On the Uzhock Pass, at an altitude of almost 1000 meters above sea level, there is a monument to the soldiers of the armies of the Russian and Austro-Hungarian empires who died in the First World War. in the First World War. Here are buried Russian and Austro-Hungarian officers and soldiers who died in a fierce battle for the Uzhock Pass in the fall of 1914. This memorial complex stood without repair for 93 years, and in the past, members of the Warrior's School labor scout camp, which was held in the Turkiv region within the framework of the "Improvement of War Burials in Western Ukraine" charitable program, took up its salvation.


      Primeval look
  2. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil April 29 2013 11: 04
    +4
    For Russia, the First World War will remain a "Forgotten War", because even then 100 years ago no one would have said why Russian soldiers went to die? For England and France? I don’t know if it seems to me alone that Russia chose the wrong one in that war. side as before in 1812? And the war ended in too big a failure, although the monument to SIMPLE Russian soldiers should have been erected a long time ago for their long patience.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 29 2013 12: 08
      +2
      They are going to deliver in Moscow in 2014 to the 100th anniversary of the start of 1MB.
    2. I627z
      I627z April 29 2013 12: 15
      0
      For Standard Oil.
      It’s interesting how loudly YOU will shout (resent) if someone says that in the 2 World War we chose the wrong side? Especially the passage about 1812 liked the year. Built by the Russian people (built on donations, built 40 years) Cathedral of Christ the Savior. In memory of the defenders of the Fatherland, and chose the wrong side? The people said their word in my opinion is not ambiguous. This is (it was before the blast, as soon as the hand was raised) National Monument to the Russian Soldier.
      And why did the Russian soldier go to die in 1941, 1242, 1380, 1632, 1768, 1877, etc. From the XIV century - wrote in 1894 an expert on Russian military history, General Sukhotin N.N. (the book "War in the History of the Russian World") - to this day, for 525 years, Russia spent 305 years in wars, that is, almost two-thirds of its life. From 1055 to 1462, the historian S.M. Soloviev has 245 news of invasions of Russia and external clashes, and two hundred of them fall on the years 1240-1462, that is, approximately one for almost every year.
      They That Everyone was on the wrong side? Does the red banner of history before 1917 prevent you from seeing the red banner? You will say to a WWII war veteran: "why did you die?", I think not.
      So why do you have the right to say this to a World War 1 veteran? "You died for England and France!" - So you say this hypothetical veteran?
      1. Standard Oil
        Standard Oil April 29 2013 12: 40
        0
        Well, about world side 2 we did not have to choose a side, the Germans chose it for us on June 22, 1941, in occasion of 1812. there the people didn’t say anything as the tsar’s father would say, so I will remind you that serfdom was canceled only in 1861, and before that the same people could easily sell on the market like cattle, and it’s probably to build churches in Russia national tradition, just built a temple, built a little more, instead of priests to breed money you can spend more profitably. And by the way, you don’t need to transfer the topic from 1 to 2 World War, a typical cheating technique quickly jump from one topic to another, whipping here and 1242 and other years, what’s the use of it? What’s the red flag here? If you say why the Russian soldier fought in World War I and what was the root cause of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia, if not the ambition of Alexander 1 who wanted the laurels of the winner of Napoleon or the stupidity of the tsar- the rags of a nicholas-bloody dragging the country into a meaningless and stupid massacre of World War I, for which, by the way, I paid fairly. What were Russia's interests here?
      2. radio operator
        radio operator April 30 2013 08: 43
        0
        Quote: I627z
        It’s interesting how loudly YOU will shout (resent) if someone says that in the 2 World War we chose the wrong side? Especially the passage about 1812 liked the year. Built by the Russian people (built on donations, built 40 years) Cathedral of Christ the Savior. In memory of the defenders of the Fatherland, and chose the wrong side? The people said their word in my opinion is not ambiguous. This is (it was before the blast, as soon as the hand was raised) National Monument to the Russian Soldier.

        I agree with you.
    3. Ka3ak
      Ka3ak April 29 2013 22: 39
      +2
      The war ended in failure, and not victory, due to internal reasons, and by no means those that historians of the Marxist school recall (lovers everywhere and in everything see only social economy). After all, not military victories by the Kaiser of Germany led to collapse, there was no military defeat. Social tensions and economic devastation have taken place. But this is not the cause of the collapse, this is the reason.
      The people fought as always: for their homeland. Hands warmed, as always, other states. The result was such because of the internal state of the Russian people, in our complex world, not only the laws of political economy apply ...
  3. rudolff
    rudolff April 29 2013 11: 05
    +6
    It may sound strange, but the formation of a "wild" division and (or) a "foreign" legion in Russia is still topical today. Controversial, but worth considering. In the Russian armed forces, the "shortage" of personnel has already reached threshold values. According to various estimates, the number of the Armed Forces ranges from 600 to 800 thousand people, which is significantly less than the announced million. And this despite the fact that there is practically no conscription from the North Caucasus. The allocated quotas do not count, they are too small. Perhaps it is really worth thinking about creating some kind of "wild" division, staffed by people from the Caucasus. But under the condition of the most severe selection and preferably with deployment in another place, not in the Caucasus. Perhaps outside of Russia. For example, based on the same former 201 division in Tajikistan. Or as a kind of "expeditionary corps".
    The same is with the "foreign legion". I think many of the current guest workers would agree to receive a Russian passport and a number of benefits for a 5-10 year contract with the Moscow Region. And I do not think that this "legion" (division) would have been formed only from people from the Asian republics. There would be enough Slavs too. Take your time to criticize immediately. It's just thinking out loud.
  4. knn54
    knn54 April 29 2013 18: 41
    0
    rudolff: I think many current guest workers would agree to receive a Russian passport and a number of benefits for a 5-10 year contract with the Moscow Region.
    This was practiced in Tajikistan by border guards from local, who distinguished themselves in the capture of drug couriers, transferred to the Russian Federation. After death, they were waiting for themselves.
    Ukrainians were also among those killed on the Kursk.
    They told me how the guys from GBAO fought in Afghanistan. They were drummed by the calls of fundamentalists. Such would now be in Syria ... and not only.
    PS Marcel Plya ("arapchonok") went over to the side of the Bolsheviks, as did his crew commander, the son of a Kiev railway engineer.
  5. rudolff
    rudolff April 29 2013 19: 10
    +1
    knn54, This can now be seen. In the same Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria, many local people serve at our bases. They sign contracts using the presence of a second (third) Russian passport. But all this is spontaneous, not systematized, not regulated by law.
  6. rudolff
    rudolff April 29 2013 19: 14
    +1
    Well, about the Muslim separate battalion that fought in Afghanistan, legends generally went.
  7. pinecone
    pinecone April 30 2013 08: 56
    0
    The title of the article "Foreign Legion of Nicholas II" is incorrect, since foreigners appeared in the Russian army long before the start of the First World War, and the personnel of the Native Corps were recruited from the subjects of the Russian Empire.
  8. Marat
    Marat April 30 2013 10: 51
    0
    At the expense of the outcome of the Great War for Russia ... They probably didn’t lose the war, but promoted in the 17th. The Russian military headquarters in April 17 developed a grand offensive in Galicia, many military historians, by the way, not only Russian, claimed that it had all chances to end deplorably for the Central Powers, in view of the apparent depletion of their military forces and rear. Even being demoralized, Russia partially implemented this plan in June 17, the so-called Kerensky offensive. Naturally, in the conditions of the expansion of the army, it ended in failure. But ... At its initial stage, the Russian troops inflicted significant damage on the Germans, and especially on Austria-Hungary. It remains only to guess how it would all end, hold on to Nikolai2 power. By the way, the tsar himself hoped for this offensive, namely in him he saw the salvation of his crown.
  9. vyatikhonov
    vyatikhonov 24 June 2013 16: 30
    0
    Here in the comments, one not very competent commentator stated that, allegedly, in 1812 and in 1914 - 1918. Russia, they say, is unknown for what they fought and what, it was necessary, they say, to fight on the other side. There is nothing more ignorant than this statement! This is the same as saying that Poland in 1939 fought on the wrong side and it was necessary, they say, Poland to cross to the side of Germany! But who asked that Poland, on whose side should she fight? The robber just attacked, and he began to enslave the country! The same is with Russia in 1812 and 1914. - ordinary cases of robberies on a global scale - aggression of Napoleonic France and Kaiser Germany. In both cases, Russia was the victim of unprovoked attacks and whether she wanted to or not, she had to defend her country, her culture. Same thing in 1941.