Military Review

"Private armies" are gaining more and more weight.

66
One of the trends of the last decade is private military companies. A business that today promises mountains of gold, of course, only to those who are not afraid to make money on wars. It is worth noting that “soldiers of fortune” is one of the oldest professions, besides, it is surrounded by a train of legends and military romance. However, if we leave aside the myths, in today's reality, private armies are growing like mushrooms after rain. According to official UN statistics, the global volume of this service sector has already reached 120 billion dollars. At the same time, the University of Brooklyn believes that the volume of this market is 180 billion dollars, and during conflicts in Africa and the Middle East, the market has completely exceeded the mark of 200 billion dollars.


Today, the development of such a “dangerous” business segment is facilitated not only by military operations, but also by the internationalization of large-scale business on the planet. Nowadays, many companies (including Russian) that have joint ventures or branches in Afghanistan, Libya, Iraq and African states are forced to rely on their own militarized security structures or to attract foreign mercenaries for these purposes. According to the US Congress, there are already more than 3000 companies of this kind in the world, and this number will only grow over time. At the same time, Russian legislation so far prohibits mercenary activities, but where interests of national corporations are affected, a solution can always be found.

In international peacekeeping operations of modern times, PMCs — PMC-private military companies — have become an equal legal entity along with the types and genera of the armed forces. American experts believe that corporations of this kind will eventually gain an increasing role in the war, but today this influence is already evident from the experience of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. PMCs are already assuming an increasing number of functions of the police and the army. In a sufficiently large volume, their influence began to manifest itself during the wars in the territory of the former Yugoslavia (in Croatia, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in Kosovo and Metohija, as well as in the regions of southern Serbia and Western Macedonia).
"Private armies" are gaining more and more weight.

Playing a significant role in resolving military conflicts, PMCs long ago ceased to play the role of ordinary extras. Private military companies are engaged in training national armies and police units, fighting piracy and terrorism, collecting intelligence information in the interests of governments. But the largest players in this market, belonging to prominent American politicians or transnational corporations, not only carry out military-political missions in practice, but are also pioneers in a promising business segment that is not so heavily focused on military operations. According to the Association of International Peacekeeping Operations, today 62% of PMC orders are received from governments of different countries, 32% of contracts are already secured by non-governmental organizations and private business entities. Large corporations are more likely to entrust the protection of their leaders and facilities to private armies, refusing the services of ordinary security firms that do not have experience in real combat. First of all, this applies to oil and gas, energy and diamond mining companies.

For example, today one of the world's largest oilfield companies, Halliburton (the company's president until August 2000 was Dick Cheney, vice president of the United States), fostered the powerful PMCs Kellog, Brown & Root (KBR), which has a UNN portfolio of $ 12 billion US government and oil and gas concerns. At the same time, KBR is not limited only to the security business: in particular, in 1999, during the operation in Yugoslavia, this company provided logistical support to NATO troops. At the same time, Computer Sciences Corporation 8 years ago bought the company DynCorp - the oldest PMC in the world, which began its activities in 1946 year. This organization, among other things, is engaged today in training the Iraqi police (the amount of the contract is 1,2 billion dollars).

They use mercenaries from PMCs and Russian corporations that have their own interests in Africa and the Middle East. And according to some sources, Russian state-owned companies are already following the path of their Western colleagues, organizing their own militarized structures. Gazprom, Transneft and Rosatom, according to the president of the Angel Group of companies Vasily Vereshchak (experience in the Alpha and the FSB Special Purpose Center), have a very complex pile of security units. Moreover, these units are very well armed. According to Vereshchak, state monopolies are not guided by the order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which regulates the activities of private security firms, and, with the permission of a high-ranking leadership, have the opportunity weapon.

At the same time, Russian PMCs are represented on the international market rather weakly. Despite the fact that immigrants from Russian special forces and special services make up, according to Igor Kovalyov, the general director of Rodon-4 Group, the basis of the French Legion and many foreign private armies, only a few from domestic companies succeed. Everything depends on Russian laws that prohibit not only the activities of private armies in Russia, but also the transportation of weapons by private security firms.

At the same time, this is much easier in the USA and the market for private military companies is growing every year. At the same time, the Pentagon is forced to reduce its military spending. Only in 2013, the defense budget will be reduced by 42 billion dollars. And for 10 years, the reduction in defense spending should be about 500 billion dollars. Representatives of the US Army during the congressional hearings noted that the ground forces were waiting for a reduction in numbers from 570 to 490 thousand people. But in the event that the sequester of the defense budget continues, the military will have to make reductions in the army reserve and the National Guard.

The chief of staff of the US Army, General Ray Odierno, believes such reductions are too large. According to him, if the order of 100 thousand people is additionally withdrawn from the armed forces, this will put in danger the possibility of the country's participation in large-scale military operations. At the same time, many experts believe that the matter is not even in the sequestration of the budget, but in principle of recruiting the American army on a contract basis. The quagmire of unpopular wars in Iraq and Afghanistan did not lead the people to the streets, as it was during the Vietnam War, but people just stopped going to the army. Konstantin Sivkov, who is the first vice-president of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, notes that military service is becoming unpopular with young Americans.

In the American army, this problem has matured for a long time. In Afghanistan and Iraq, the US Army demonstrated a clear moral and psychological unpreparedness of personnel for the implementation of the anti-partisan struggle. And this means that to the solution of the main task of any war is to keep the territory. The US Army is one of the most combat-ready in the world. But only when it comes to fighting against regular troops. When she has the ability to use her power remotely without risking the lives of American soldiers. But if we are talking about close combat (typical for guerrilla wars), American soldiers are not ready to die in battle. This is a disease of any mercenary army. It is easiest to risk your life for an idea.

Along with this, the role of mercenaries is increasing, which has lately been covertly designated as private army contractors. Military experts believe that the role of private armies in world conflicts will only grow, as shown by military actions on the territory of Afghanistan and Iraq. In these countries, "private traders" solved the tasks of the police. They are highly appreciated by politicians and the military. At one time, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan admitted that if we needed brave and experienced fighters, he would prefer people from a private company.

According to the Geneva Convention 1949 of the year and the Additional Protocol to it from 1977, private armies can in some cases be regarded as armies of mercenaries. At the same time, the word “mercenary” today bears a clear negative meaning; people associate it with injustice and the willingness to kill anyone for money. Therefore, representatives of private military companies themselves prefer to be called "contractors". However, they emphasize that this is not about participation in hostilities, but only about the protection of goods, people and objects in the zone of military conflicts. However, is it really a big question. Under the conditions of a real battlefield, the thin line between “still guarding” and “already participating” is quite invisible.

In any case, according to experts, it is the private armies that are the most effective means of waging local wars. And since the era of full-scale wars, which would require the use of a mass of troops, seems to be a thing of the past, "private traders" will become an increasingly popular tool for putting geopolitical doctrines into practice.

If we speculate hypothetically, the United States in general can conduct its foreign wars, resorting only to the services of private armies. Experts emphasize and conclusions from such decisions. The absence of a foreign regular army does not allow arguing about the occupation of the state. The human losses of “private traders” will not be counted as losses of the American army. The mentality of private army fighters, lack of jurisdiction in the host country and lack of accountability to the American authorities enables them to significantly expand the scope of the available, in order to achieve the stated goals.

At the same time, the minuses of private armies are a consequence of their advantages. Therefore, it is unlikely that one of the countries will ever completely replace its army with “private traders”. However, it is possible to share them with the division of functions into “offensive” and “defensive”. According to experts, such a symbiosis can be effective, based on the logic of modern wars for natural and other resources. At the same time, the crisis of the American national army (one of the most ambitious geopolitical players of our time) only contributes to giving the “private armies” official international status and impetus to development.

Information sources:
-http: //rus.ruvr.ru/2013_04_24/Krizis-Vooruzhennih-sil-SSHA-CHastnie-armii-prodolzhajut-i-viigrivajut/
-http: //magazine.rbc.ru/2011/05/01/main/562949980354228.shtml
-http: //army.armor.kiev.ua/hist/privat-army.shtml
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  1. radio operator
    radio operator April 26 2013 07: 39 New
    13
    With these private agencies you have to keep an eye out.
    They have a habit of going beyond the boundaries of private property territories and “putting things in order” everywhere.
    1. vadimus
      vadimus April 26 2013 08: 19 New
      +7
      With our experience of warfare and the unclaimed potential of professionals, the private army is just a treasure! But! Control and once again control by the state ... Do not give people to mafia structures ...
      1. patline
        patline April 26 2013 08: 56 New
        +3
        Yes, a private armed structure is a dangerous thing.
        How to control them, especially if they are abandoned on enemy territory? They can easily fall into chaos, like Amer Blackwater, or sell to a more generous buyer.
        1. Sirocco
          Sirocco April 26 2013 12: 16 New
          +2
          Quote: patline
          They can easily fall into chaos, like Amer Blackwater, or sell to a more generous buyer.

          So they are famous for this lawlessness. Plus, a convenient position with the US authorities, in the event that PMCs rob museums of enslaved countries. (They say this is not the US Army) PMCs have their own business in this area, you can order any antiques in a plundered country.
          1. Geisenberg
            Geisenberg April 27 2013 10: 07 New
            +1
            Quote: Sirocco
            So they are famous for this lawlessness.


            So for this they are hired.
        2. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 April 27 2013 10: 13 New
          +1
          As I saw a video on the network, in Iraq, fighters of such an army of mercenaries shot ordinary citizens with sniper rifles for fun, and even laughed at the same time, everything was filmed by them in the video. By the way, they shot at everyone, and even at children. This is their true face
      2. Zynaps
        Zynaps April 27 2013 01: 18 New
        +1
        with domestic corruption, a treasure? if I myself hadn’t seen how the private security companies act at the instigation of all kinds of bandits and raiders ... I would have buried such a treasure back into the damp country. and rolled over the asphalt - so as not to dig up.

        Well, you need to be aware of what drives those who go to these same PMCs. at best, a desire to make money. and very often - lovers kill with impunity. the contingent is still. yes and no for these legal formations.
    2. Phantom Revolution
      Phantom Revolution April 26 2013 10: 24 New
      +5
      Not even human rights, the fact is that the private army consists of mercenaries who work for money and no one wants to die. Alas, on the side of the weakening they will not speak. Either have a strong army, but then private armies are meaningless. There was an example of 08.08.08 contract soldiers from the Georgian side, for 3 thousand dollars. all fled and abandoned the equipment. There are many examples. The only thing is the various special operations that go beyond international law, so to speak, to relieve themselves of all responsibility.
    3. Lord of the Sith
      Lord of the Sith April 26 2013 18: 21 New
      +2
      Here is the list of PMCs by country:

      Afghanistan
      Asia Security Group
      Watan risk

      United Kingdom
      Aegis Defense Services
      Armorgroup
      Control Risks Group
      Erinys international
      Hart security
      Sandline international
      Nemesis security group

      Israel
      Defensive Shield
      Global Comprehensive Security Transformation ("Global CST")
      Levdan

      USA
      In the USA, PMCs are involved in the protection of a number of strategic objects: cosmodromes, and some weapons storage facilities. Outside the US, they were officially used in Iraq, Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, and Afghanistan.
      Airscan
      Craft international
      Custer battles
      Defion internacional
      Dyncorp
      G4S (formerly “Group 4 Securicor”)
      ITT Exelis (a subsidiary of ITT Corporation)
      KBR
      Military Professional Resources, Inc. (MPRI)
      MVM, Inc.
      Northbridge services group
      Pathfinder security services
      Raytheon
      Sharp end international
      SOC-SMG
      Triple Canopy, Inc.
      Titan corporation
      Vinnell Corporation (a subsidiary of Northrop Grumman)
      Xe (formerly Blackwater)

      Russia
      Moran Security Group.
      RSB-Group
      Tiger squad (as part of Top-Rent security LTD)
      “Anti-Terrorism Training Center“ Orel-Antiterror “”

      Ukraine
      Omega Consulting Group
      Vega Strategic Services
      Artan group
      Maritime Security Company "Albatross" Ltd.

      France
      Secopex

      South Africa
      Executive outcomes
      Saracen international
      1. Kaa
        Kaa April 26 2013 19: 10 New
        +3
        Quote: Lord of the Sith
        list of PMCs by country:
        And here’s the list of specialization; "- and recruitment of personnel for the American contingent of international police missions (DynCorp),
        - security of Baghdad airport (Custer Battles),
        - protection of oil fields and pipelines (Blackwater Security Consulting, Erinys Iraq Limited),
        -Protecting the energy system of Iraq (Hart Group),
        -guarding the US embassies and guarding the President of Afghanistan (Triple Canopy Inc.),
        - escort of UN convoys in Iraq and Afghanistan (Kroll),
        - training of the armies of Iraq (Military Professional Resources, Inc.) and Saudi Arabia (Vinnell Corporation),
        - the provision of military translation services (CACI),
        -controlling prisons in Iraq and Afghanistan (Titan Corporation),
        Mine clearance and destruction of unexploded ordnance (RONCO, MAG, BACTEC, Armor Group, Minetech, EODT),
        -fire protection (Group 4 Falck),
        rear supply of troops (KBR),
        Air reconnaissance (AirScans Inc., Eagle Aviation Services & Technology, Inc.),
        -protection of ships from pirates (Global Marine Security Systems),
        - other similar activities, primarily in the field of security (Aegis Defense Services Ltd., Olive Security, Control Risks Group, Meyer & Associates, RamOPS Risk Management Group, ArmorGroup, Aigis, OAM, Rubicon International Services, Sayeret Group, ATCO Frontec Corporation. , Groupe EHC, Aries Global Solutions Inc., AKE Limited, AD Consultancy, Control Risks Group, Custer Battles, Diligence Middle East, Genric, Global Risk Strategies, Hill and Associates. Ltd., ISI Group, Meteoric Tactical Solutions, Optimal Solution Services , Wade-Boyd and Associates LLC, Henderson Risk Limited, ICP Group, Overseas Security & Strategic Information, SOC-SMG.Inc, Sumer International Security, TOR International, Dehdari General Trading & Contracting Est., Unity Resources Group (Middle East) LLC , Trojan Securities International, Pistris. Inc. GlobalOptions, LLC, Beni Tal, AMA Associates Limited, WADE-BOYD & ASSOCIATES LLC., TOR International, Overseas Security & Strategic Information, Inc / Safenet - Iraq, ICP Gr oup) .http: //army.armor.kiev.ua/hist/privat-army.shtml
    4. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg April 27 2013 10: 06 New
      +1
      Quote: radio operator
      They have a habit of going beyond the boundaries of private property territories and “putting things in order” everywhere.


      This is good. For such liberties, they can simply be killed as marauders without asking for a name and surname and for which company they are fighting. And to do this even before they started liberties, they will run into the end. From the point of view of international law, these are simply armed people in the war zone.
  2. Explore
    Explore April 26 2013 07: 50 New
    +7
    Private armies are just as well very armed PSCs. They are unable to cope with the regular army due to the lack of heavy offensive weapons, and the separatists and terrorists are better cope with the forces of the police and the Internal Troops (legitimate power structures, and not a gang of extraordinary mercenaries).
    1. avt
      avt April 26 2013 13: 33 New
      +1
      Quote: Explorar
      Private armies are just as well very armed PSCs. They are unable to cope with the regular army due to the lack of heavy offensive weapons, and the separatists and terrorists are better cope with the forces of the police and the Internal Troops (legitimate power structures, and not a gang of extraordinary mercenaries).

      Absolutely right! good Plus, it’s not a pity - Ohrim died and hell with him, even well, no need to pay.
    2. Kaa
      Kaa April 26 2013 19: 07 New
      +2
      Quote: Explorar
      They are unable to cope with the regular army due to the lack of heavy offensive weapons,

      Quote: avt
      Absolutely right!
      It’s not, but an American example: “The emergence of private paramilitary companies and security services is favored by a number of factors, and Western military experts believe that the role of such structures in future wars will only increase. The main reason for the growing popularity of private security companies should be sought in the transformation The global economic system, globalization. Modern multinational corporations, with hundreds of millions of dollars, need to protect their interests no less than states. The inclusion of a regular army in these processes is a long and dreary process, and the cost of maintaining the loyalty of the bureaucratic apparatus is comparable to the cost of the maintenance of their own security service, which is why corporations prefer the clumsy armies to the rapid response units of private paramilitary companies.The main ground component of these wars were special forces and local "allies." Private military companies blend well with this logic of warfare. As for the US Army, it also undergoes major changes caused by its reduction, as well as the abandonment of heavy armored vehicles (including the already developed self-propelled guns Crusader), the transfer of which requires too much effort and money.Already during the war in Iraq, the command of the American army created brigades called "striker" (shock), equipped with wheeled armored vehicles BTR LAV-25 and combat and rear support vehicles created on its basis. It has been armed with the US Air Force (USAF) since the 90s there is a CBU-97 / B cluster container equipped with ten BLU-108 submunitions. After detaching from the aircraft, the container opens and throws ten BLU-108equipped with parachutes. As soon as the fuse works, the parachute is thrown away. Using transversely mounted rocket engines, the BLU-108 submunition is rotated along the axis and four SKEET warheads with a thermal imaging sensor fly out of it by centrifugal force. The sensors scan the terrain and, after capturing the target at an altitude of 50-100 meters, give a signal to the fuse, which detonates the charge, which, in turn, forms the effect of the impact nucleus with the help of a concave disk. The target is hit by the weakest protected upper part. The total area of ​​destruction of the combat elements of one container is 60 square meters, which is exactly what makes the accumulation of armored vehicles completely pointless, especially considering that one F-000 aircraft is able to carry four CBU-16s. Later, the CBU-97 was modernized by installing the kit satellite-controlled tail unit (GPS). The new CBU-97 container, dumped from a height of 105-15 kilometers, when planning, reaches a range of 20-50 kilometers. These kits, also known as WCMD (Wind Corrected Monitions Dispenser), are equipped with many cassette containers in the United States. After such firing training, "expeditionary forces" can clean up the area. It is curious that this scenario is usually considered possible only for the US Army, although this weapon, as well as its production technology, is widely represented on the world arms market.http://army.armor.kiev.ua/hist/privat-army.shtml
      PMC WON'T BE ABLE - USAF WILL HELP EVERYTHING IT CAN
    3. tuts
      tuts April 26 2013 19: 15 New
      0
      In Syria, they are still coping with the local regular army.
  3. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 April 26 2013 08: 05 New
    +8
    So what is a private army? A country in which there is an unstable situation, more often because of enormous corruption and such a huge protest, most armed. Companies like to climb into such a country with great pleasure expecting to receive super-profits. But for this they need the security of their not-so-legitimate business. This is where private armies are needed. The experience of using such units shows that they are illegible both in the means and in the methods of organizing their actions. For the most part, special rejected from government agencies for various reasons get there. When such soldiers get paid a lot of money, they agree to do any of the dirty work.
    I note that the United States, neither in other developed countries, and even less so in Russia, such an army, if so permitted, will immediately be outlawed, and if disobeyed, it will be uniquely liquidated.
    1. dmitreach
      dmitreach April 26 2013 08: 40 New
      +3
      Hmm ... What is the “textbook” story with “Academi,” aka “Zee,” aka “Blackwater” ... It's not just that they changed their name.
      1. neodymium
        neodymium April 26 2013 12: 11 New
        +2
        And how do you like this:

        Dick Cheney (Blackwater) and Khodorkovsky
        http://www.zahvat.ru/show/news/chejni-rajs-i-xodorkovskij
    2. svp67
      svp67 April 26 2013 09: 14 New
      +1
      Quote: vladsolo56
      So what is a private army?

      Nothing new under the moon. There has already been a period in the history of Europe when not only individual soldiers, but entire units and units served only the one who paid them, regardless of nationality ... The logical continuation of this was the "foreign legion", and now here’s a new round of development, everything is put on the "industrial stream". But I think that this path is very, very dangerous, since it leads to the fact that sooner or later one of the owners of such an army may be very tempted to replace the state or become one.
      1. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 April 26 2013 10: 24 New
        +1
        Do not confuse public service, even if it’s a type of foreign legion, and private military units.
        1. svp67
          svp67 April 26 2013 11: 17 New
          0
          Quote: vladsolo56
          Do not confuse public service, even if it’s a type of foreign legion, and private military units.

          And it’s not who doesn’t confuse, it’s just that everything grows out of history with “langhnest”, “corsairs” and the like - whoever paid the most went to that. And it all depends on whether the state “feels” itself strong or not. If Yes, it quickly tidies them up with a “nail”, no - it gives them freedom ... Well, now, the situation is complicated by the fact that “for what they fought , they ran into something "- the" golden calf "rules the" western "world ...
  4. UFO
    UFO April 26 2013 08: 05 New
    +7
    But what prevents us from effectively developing this area of ​​activity, are there enough different kinds of “veterans” in Russia? On the other hand, it is always a combat ready reserve, experienced, trained and not taken into account in international treaties on troops and weapons. After all, there are tasks when the official intervention of the armed forces is fraught with scandals and accusations from the world community. hi
    1. dmitreach
      dmitreach April 26 2013 08: 47 New
      +2
      If we consider it as a "tool" flowing around international law, then ... Russia has not a lot of such tasks. Except for some hydrocarbon corporations. Otherwise, their "contractor" is very consonant with our "contractor".
      And the government will not go to the creation of private armies ... The chance is too great to get an "armed NPO, with Chegeva Turtle Tortilla, led by "... laughing
      The story of how the Court revoked the license of the private security company ex-deputy Gudkov has not cooled yet.
      1. UFO
        UFO April 26 2013 09: 47 New
        +1
        Well, you can consider the creation of such formations in the structure of corporations (it is possible with state participation) of leading economic activities abroad - Gazprom, Lukoil, RUSAL, etc. Purely private owners of the “Beep type” and NPOs can be “cut off” by “government decree” or something like that.
        Quote: dmitreach
        . Russia has not a lot of such tasks.

        If we are going to regain lost ground in world politics, then the number of tasks will increase, and a “similar tool” would not be out of place and “always at hand”, because "he" will be in different parts of the world; plus various "little things" as promoting the Foreign Ministry and the GRU ...... wink
    2. dark_65
      dark_65 April 26 2013 09: 49 New
      0
      The authorities are afraid that the whole experience, and the armament will be turned against it.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 26 2013 14: 08 New
        +1
        Quote: dark_65
        The authorities are afraid that the whole experience, and the armament will be turned against it.


        She is not afraid, but fears that a person who has weapons and knows how to use them will suddenly turn him against the state, not because he considers it his civic duty, but because the landlord who pays him the money will order it ...
    3. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 April 26 2013 10: 26 New
      0
      Nonsense people used to kill for money will never fight for an idea, I do not believe that they can be interested in serving the motherland.
      1. UFO
        UFO April 26 2013 10: 36 New
        +1
        Are you talking about? request We have many former special forces officers with the correct understanding of patriotism. About the "Wild Geese" and various "Dogs of War" is not talking. negative
    4. svp67
      svp67 April 26 2013 11: 55 New
      -1
      Quote: UFO
      On the other hand, it is always a combat ready reserve, experienced, trained and not taken into account in international treaties on troops and weapons.
      As well as the "finished fifth column" and a real threat to the integrity of the state ...
    5. Hleb
      Hleb April 26 2013 17: 12 New
      0
      And what prevents us from effectively developing this area of ​​activity
      I have two colleagues. Here they are now being drawn up in one office. far from being interested, but they went to her in Siberia, and the center in Moscow. now they are traveling abroad.
    6. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 27 2013 01: 40 New
      +1
      Quote: UFO
      But what prevents us from effectively developing this area of ​​activity, are there enough different kinds of “veterans” in Russia?


      Four categories of citizens are going to serve in the Armed Forces: patriots who want to serve their country; people for whom military service is associated with national characteristics (such as Sikhs) or family tradition; desire to earn; the opportunity to kill with impunity. the first two types of people (the most motivated soldiers) will not join private armies - Zarathustra does not allow it. the last two types remain. What is the value of wanting to earn extra money and a latent sadist? apparently, only that these people can be gathered in a club of interest and keep these “passionaries” away from the country. and that in itself is a bit. for the question all the time will rest on the price of the question. I mean not only the financial side of the matter. and yet we must not forget that "that which is permitted to Jupiter is not permitted to the bull." no one guarantees that from Russia, on its armed thugs, they will turn a blind eye, like on American.

      Quote: UFO
      On the other hand, it is always a combat ready reserve, experienced, trained and not taken into account in international treaties on troops and weapons


      yeah, keep your pocket wider - a reserve ... lovers of cutting dough and latent sadists. found, too, patriots and people with a sense of duty.

      Quote: UFO
      After all, there are tasks when the official intervention of the armed forces is fraught with scandals and accusations from the world community.


      yes, schyas. private armed groups - they do not live in a vacuum. in places of hostilities they hang around with the knowledge of their countries. it’s hard to imagine that in Iraq or Afghanistan you live for a healthy life
      third countries pursuing their own, different from the interests of the invaders, goals and objectives. for they are transposed and multiplied by zero.
  5. Kaetani
    Kaetani April 26 2013 08: 13 New
    +1
    If the trend continues, sooner or later these companies will have both heavy weapons and an aviation component
  6. ed65b
    ed65b April 26 2013 08: 33 New
    -1
    What is the difference between a hired army and a private from the article did not understand. Both those and those are fighting for grandmas. And not ready to die. So the article is not about anything.
  7. vladimirZ
    vladimirZ April 26 2013 08: 41 New
    +2
    "He is a mercenary and a mercenary in Africa."
    For money, on the orders of large private business, a hired army will commit any crime according to the formula of Karl Marx "with large percentages of profit, the capitalist will commit any crime," and now even to start a war against individual states. And we already see examples.
    Therefore, all hired military organizations, wherever organized, must be subject to strict state law and, in the case of action at the interstate level, under the control of the United Nations. Private mercenary armies, private security companies are very dangerous!
    1. Dante
      Dante Alighieri April 26 2013 09: 40 New
      +7
      I do not think, for example, that the Foreign Legion is a threat to France. Understand always and everywhere the principle is implemented: "more power - less power, more power - less power", so that, again, for example, the armed forces could split any unit belonging to the state in the event of a riot. security or, as in our case, PMCs.
      Personally, my opinion is this: PMCs are simply necessary. Firstly, there are situations where direct government intervention is, to put it mildly, not kosher, we will not go far and look at Syria. Yes, a couple of GRU teams could restore order there quickly enough, but this would cause international resonance, while PMCs could act there quite openly and hide behind the fact that she had a contract with the Assad regime, even if Russia ordered the music. Again, the situation in South Ossetia and Abkhazia: now we hold bases there and in the eyes of the international community we look like aggressors. PMC could solve this problem. Of course, she would not have been able to independently repulse the blow of even the Georgian, however, regular army (could those brigades that were stationed there now be able to do this?). But they could hold out until the reinforcements approach, ensure the evacuation of civilians - they could for sure. And the fact that they are PMCs is not limited in the choice of measures to counter the attacking side, in contrast to the peacekeeping forces, would make it possible to carry out these tasks much more efficiently.
      Secondly, we entered the WTO, then, excuse me, we simply have no right to piss off such a large and dynamically developing market. The participation of our PMCs in the Syrian conflict, on the side of the government and the president (as a result, the victory of the latter in the civil war), would take a significant place in this segment and undermine the priority of the Americans.
      And it is unfortunate that our government does not understand this. He does not understand, because he is afraid (afraid of rebellion). And if he is afraid, then he does not have confidence that the army, state structures, and most importantly the people (we will not close our eyes to the fact that the people are also powerful) will support the existing government. And in turn, there is no confidence in support, because the authorities know that they are doing a lot against the opinion of everyone else and a lot to say the least “mildly”. Here is the Gordian knot that we need to cut before starting the creation of PMCs, but besides this, it is also a question of the survival of the state as a current one. In the states, this question does not stand, and not supposedly, because the state is doing everything for the well-being of all its citizens, but because the average American has a holy faith in the elections and that the winner is an embodiment of the whole nation. And the presence of weapons among the population only reinforces this status.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 26 2013 14: 14 New
        +2
        Quote: Dante
        Foreign Legion is a threat to France.
        No, since it is not private, but part of the STATE structure. Now imagine that some of the “rich” states have claims in terms of concealing a tax, using slave labor or any other illegal actions, respectively, the police are sent there, and they are met by a small “victorious army.” Prepared, equipped and armed, what do you order in this case to do - call the aircraft and tanks?
  8. MrFYGY
    MrFYGY April 26 2013 08: 51 New
    +1
    In the last photo, if I am not mistaken, the police.
  9. Svarog
    Svarog April 26 2013 08: 51 New
    +4
    A private army is a gang. a formation that is ready to serve anyone for money. Today you have money - they protect you, tomorrow your competitors will have money, the same army will crush you. Such armies violate all known international laws.
  10. The gentleman
    The gentleman April 26 2013 09: 20 New
    0
    eh, the Geneva Conventions, how much they talked about them when they studied international humanitarian law. The ban does not apply to the powers that be. And again it slips that one can use mercenaries as a force and they are not condemned, but others cannot be, not the army
  11. Timeout
    Timeout April 26 2013 09: 30 New
    +2
    PMCs already exist in Russia, for example, Orel-Antiterror. Why does everyone say PMCs are bad? But because most do not know the principles of work of these companies. Yes, companies like He or Dinocorp have long gone beyond all decency with their antics where they fulfill US Department of State contracts. This happens with the tacit consent of the authorities. But most companies are engaged in completely normal affairs - mine clearance and engineering support, security of convoys and personal security. It all depends on the specific specialization. For example, if the Russian PMC were in Syria, hired by a government contract, there probably wouldn’t be this mess going on now.
    1. Dante
      Dante Alighieri April 26 2013 09: 56 New
      +1
      And what to be surprised Dinocorp - continuous convicts. But Irinis and BlackWater are serious companies. In addition, they value the image, in its own understanding.
      1. Timeout
        Timeout April 27 2013 02: 40 New
        0
        BlackWater was renamed Xe, and over the past 12 years a series of scandals have been spreading behind them on drug trafficking and the destruction of objectionable orders. Irinis, too, is far from the Red Cross, in Iraq they hang the killings of civilians.
    2. Naval
      Naval April 26 2013 12: 50 New
      0
      Great idea, and help to the Syrians, and Russia, it seems, has nothing to do with it. good
  12. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil April 26 2013 09: 31 New
    0
    Afghans don’t care what kind of Americans they cut, in or without a uniform. They don’t care about the losses among these private traders, but no one knows how many people were killed in Afghanistan. But if the Americans are trying to replace their army with such rabble, then things are probably bad, which I am incredibly happy!
  13. Sirozha
    Sirozha April 26 2013 10: 03 New
    +3
    PMCs are a very convenient thing for the state. Their only incentive to do the right job is money! And therefore, where regular troops are not capable, for some reason (more often these are moral or political reasons), PMCs can cope without problems. And it is not necessary to report to the mothers for the murdered son, these are problems of the company itself. The task is completed, the state is enough, there are no casualties in the regular troops.
    And basically they perform security tasks.
    As a rule, PMCs are not resold, as this is their name, if they are resold to someone, no one will let them perform any tasks anymore.
    1. UFO
      UFO April 26 2013 10: 39 New
      -1
      I agree to all 100% good
  14. knn54
    knn54 April 26 2013 11: 53 New
    +5
    A bit of history. Corsairs of Ivan the Terrible. Ermak’s team of the Stroganov merchants. Yes, and the Cossacks, to some extent PMCs, but in the civil service. Nogai horde helped solve with Crimea ...
    The main thing, d. A clear definition of PMCs, and the terms of reference:
    1. Ensuring the safety of our citizens and property abroad.
    2. Work with the ASSAD'S LEGITIMATE government - the veterans of Chechnya and Afghanistan would be useful here: there are enough people on the civilian who have not taken root in civilian life.
    3. In Abkhazia, 200 km of beaches, rest houses and sanatoriums.
    4. Protection of Russian business, where RUSSIAN PMCs, can act as a guarantor of possible investments by investors, protect the business of Russians from the “scammers”.
    5. The state receives informal and informal tools for the realization of its interests. And PMCs for his money will replace regular troops in solving unpopular tasks.
    6. The army is declining sharply. Where to go? The officer leaves at age 45. Abroad 50-55 years is considered the most experienced employee. And we are already old. Where can a young man go if he can only fight? And PMCs will direct the energy of “retirees” to the CORRECT channel.
    7. Conducting information and psychological operations, cyber war ...
    In Sudan, deposits owned by Chinese companies are protected by PMCs - a group of 40 thousand (!) People dressed in military uniforms, but without insignia. No army — just PMCs. By order of the CIA, only the private company Blackwfter recruited more than 6 Arab, Afghan, and Turkish mercenaries to carry out terrorist attacks in Syria. When 20-50 thousand mercenaries (militants, terrorists) seep into the territory of the country, no strategic nuclear forces will help.
    The whole idea will go to Smarka if the Serdyukovs, Chubays are at the helm ...
    PS The Israeli company Global CST received a contract to participate in the security of the Olympic Games in Sochi (2014), the World Cup (2018), Skolkovo, as well as a number of other Russian state STRATEGIC venues. We arrived ...
    PPS ... most of the modern French foreign legion is made up of Slavs — enough to plow on an uncle.
  15. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign April 26 2013 12: 08 New
    +2
    With PMCs, everything is not so simple ... On the one hand - "Wild Geese", on the other - "contractors" ...
    In addition, PMCs are an excellent way to employ former military and law enforcement officers who have retired or who, for various reasons, have left the army or organs.
    The issue of eligibility for use should be decided exclusively within the framework of the legislation of the country of which the PMC is a native of, international law and the contract itself. No one bothers to prescribe criteria for the selection of employees in the PMC law and explicitly prohibit the recruitment of previously convicted, dismissed from the army or airborne forces into PMCs for compromising circumstances. At the legislative level, it is also possible to resolve the issue of selection according to moral and psychological criteria and health (the so-called "service category", as at the IHC in the Ministry of Internal Affairs - according to the type of activity and application of a specialist).
    Honestly, there would be an opportunity, I would have “dumped” it in PMCs for a long time - the work of a “middle manager” (and even in sales) was “purely across my throat”. Like in the film "Among the strangers ...": "Me!?! Red commander!? .." And the horse: "Why did you get up?! .."
  16. _KM_
    _KM_ April 26 2013 12: 18 New
    +1
    Nothing is new under the moon. The British East India Company had its own army and flotilla:

    http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Британская_Ост-Индская_компания
  17. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya April 26 2013 12: 26 New
    +1
    An army fighting for an idea or a homeland will always be stronger, and those who fight for money will flee at the critical moment!
  18. Naval
    Naval April 26 2013 12: 44 New
    +2
    No one says that the private army should defend the homeland, it is a business that brings good dividends. Is it better that the resigned commando sold cigarettes? Everyone should do that. that he’s doing better. By the way, now shipping companies prefer not to use caravans to pass through the pirate zones, time is wasted due to the low speed of the convoy, and there is hope for full protection only with the Russians, others even had captures in the convoy. Therefore, they hire a contingent of such private companies, usually 5-6 people, look at the traffic in the Gulf of Aden and you will understand that this is good money. Well, and in case of need they can help their native state.
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 26 2013 13: 55 New
      +1
      Quote: Naval
      Is it better that the resigned commando sold cigarettes?
      It is best that the state does everything so that this person can serve in its army and be proud and pleased with its choice, and not look for opportunities to better live on a "citizen" ...
  19. Nova
    Nova April 26 2013 13: 43 New
    +2
    Gentlemen, I see a large number of those who spoke very critically at PMCs. But I personally think that such work would be very good for the former Russian military, who, having the knowledge and skills of a soldier, cannot find themselves in civilian life. Is not it?
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 26 2013 13: 46 New
      -2
      Quote: Nova
      But I personally think that such work would be very good for the former Russian military, who, having the knowledge and skills of a soldier, cannot find themselves in civilian life. Is not it?

      That’s what scares ... Rather, it’s scary, that at some moment you can see how these people, long prepared by the state, for their protection, at the command of their "master" will suddenly oppose this state ...
      1. porevith
        porevith April 27 2013 00: 37 New
        0
        You want to say that people who serve in the army on a contract can also betray their homeland ??? After all, contracting also comes out working for money.
  20. Naval
    Naval April 26 2013 15: 04 New
    0
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: Nova
    But I personally think that such work would be very good for the former Russian military, who, having the knowledge and skills of a soldier, cannot find themselves in civilian life. Is not it?

    That’s what scares ... Rather, it’s scary, that at some moment you can see how these people, long prepared by the state, for their protection, at the command of their "master" will suddenly oppose this state ...

    You, dear, think primitively that they are a herd of sheep, or the concept of Homeland and Patriotism is alien to them, or moral values ​​are already empty places for everyone. I doubt very much. Not all the bright liberals from our people were corrupted, otherwise Russia would have disintegrated in the 90s. Sorry if offended. hi
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 26 2013 15: 51 New
      +1
      Quote: Naval
      You, dear, think primitively that they are a herd of sheep, or the concept of Homeland and Patriotism is alien to them, or moral values ​​are already empty places for everyone. I doubt very much.

      Reality prompts me to such thoughts when the former employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the FSB, after being fired, begin to work in security agencies and already begin to interpret such bright feelings in a somewhat different way ...
  21. svp67
    svp67 April 26 2013 15: 58 New
    +1
    Quote: Naval
    or moral values ​​are already an empty place for everyone. I doubt very much

    In no way. Thank God our country is still rich in highly moral people, you just understand that such an “independent” army will not be large and, if necessary, they will be able to find the right number of people with a “low moral threshold” in it ... And such a detachment of trained fighters, and even and not weighed down by morality ... can you imagine what he can do
    And the last, and who even said that these "private armies" will consist only of citizens of their state, because they can become international ...
  22. montemor
    montemor April 26 2013 16: 07 New
    -1
    It is high time to create the Slavic Legion, even in PMC format, many problems will disappear by themselves
  23. Slavs69
    Slavs69 April 26 2013 17: 57 New
    +1
    Retirement soon .... What to do? And I would wave to the ocean on a ship and protect from pirates ..... Option.
  24. ed65b
    ed65b April 26 2013 18: 09 New
    -1
    Quote: Svarog
    A private army is a gang. a formation that is ready to serve anyone for money. Today you have money - they protect you, tomorrow your competitors will have money, the same army will crush you. Such armies violate all known international laws.

    Quite right, probably the Arabs and their ilk in Chechnya could also rank themselves as private soldiers, and that they pay money, they set tasks, they carry them out, just like in the article. Where are the Matrosovs and Gastelo among the Amers and the French ??????
  25. psdf
    psdf April 26 2013 18: 17 New
    0
    When writing about Russian companies, the author probably confuses PMCs with departmental structures, which in principle is far from the same thing.
  26. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 April 26 2013 18: 54 New
    -1
    "In any case, according to experts, it is private armies that are the most effective means of conducting local wars."
    At least stand still ... The omission of intelligence in the modern world has reached a scale previously unseen. If this gosdepovskaya ordering (I’m talking about a wonderful article) were equipped with this passage, as is often the case without any reason, simply because the author wants to reinforce his dormant opinion with science-like chatter, this would simply indicate his tiny tiny brain. But there really are experts. And more! And everyone carries this one ... without a mat, there’s just no way.
    Good people ... Well, no one wonders if mercenaries are so effective ... WHAT ARE THEY DISAPPEARED ?! It’s even crying - it’s too late to put logical thinking in the Red Book, they killed him completely.
    In the 20 century, this profession was represented almost exclusively by Michael Khor. He performed beautifully ... how many of his operations lasted more than three days? This, you know, is not a war, it’s a gangster raid. And that the bandit Chorus flew into entire states - so there were such "states" in Africa, rehearse for your pleasure ... There were others, mostly in the same place, in Africa. And for some reason it happened like that - they were all killed. Here's a riddle ...
    And before there were many mercenaries, in Europe there were times when mercenaries fought almost exclusively throughout its territory. And what? And the fact that the mercenaries began to poison like mad dogs. They were all killed. At some point, being a mercenary began to mean becoming a corpse. And they were gone right away. Why? Because the mercenary is fighting for money and taken prey. So what, you say, the soldiers (the very origin of the word soldiers - from mercenaries. Fighting for soldiers) of the territorial armies also receive money? And the fact that just money can be received from anyone.
    It seems to be - what is it? But with reference to the war ... Mercenaries always, in all cases, times and lands very quickly passed all tenants in a circle. To include mercenaries in the war means a simple thing - as a result of the war you will receive empty, completely devastated and completely burned land. On which everything will be destroyed, all organized communities are swept away, and those who hired them are also mandatory. A mercenary is only interested in two things - his own life and money. Therefore, he destroys everything around him as long as there is someone to pay.
    Most of all, the mercenary is interested in continuing the war, that is, in an inexhaustible financial flow. And also that someone else would die, because how would he spend the “earned” money being dead? Therefore, he destroys and substitutes, the mercenary army cannot conduct military operations in any other way. When the bone of the war has been gnawed to the ground, there is almost nothing in the powdery area anymore - they destroy the latter because they want more money, and there is practically no one to resist them. And the mercenaries leave only from the final ashes ...
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 April 27 2013 20: 37 New
      0
      - Fedotov A.M. "The story of three mercenaries."
  27. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 April 26 2013 18: 54 New
    -1
    Despite all the benefits, despite the utmost (and beyond) baseness and baseness of politics, almost all the sovereigns of the Earth gradually came to a simple conclusion - appeal to mercenaries is suicide. Someone from the territories was paid less (a citizen is obliged to protect his land. Or it is not his land but the neighboring army, and he is no longer the owner and the slave), someone more (like the Cossacks. But they also had service ...) but if a warrior does not fight for his land, the war will burn the earth in his hands. And I began to bend everywhere to poison, burn, reduce to zero. Moreover, people on the planet were not so hated by people as mercenaries. And no one deserved this hatred anymore.
    Our enemies do not dream of anything so sweetly as to sell Russian military force for money. Because it means its complete and almost instant destruction. And after the Russian soldiers turn into dirt and bend, it will already be possible to finally fulfill the main dream - to finally kill all these Russians. So the brainwashing is on for a percent of interest, and these little articles are pouring on us ...
    Yes, one more thing. People who think that they control mercenaries, who believe that it’s possible at all, wake up one day, and their heads are in the nightstand. Everyone thought so. Century after century, there were smart people who thought that they were that ... and they all died a violent death at the hands of the "controlled". There are no exceptions. And I can’t say that I sympathize with them ...
  28. ramsi
    ramsi April 26 2013 20: 45 New
    -1
    private armies. Well, why not use special forces for training (when the Caucasus is over)
  29. Symbiotos
    Symbiotos April 26 2013 21: 55 New
    0
    Quote: knn54
    A bit of history. Corsairs of Ivan the Terrible. Ermak’s team of the Stroganov merchants. Yes, and the Cossacks, to some extent PMCs, but in the civil service. Nogai horde helped solve with Crimea ...
    The main thing, d. A clear definition of PMCs, and the terms of reference:
    1. Ensuring the safety of our citizens and property abroad.
    2. Work with the ASSAD'S LEGITIMATE government - the veterans of Chechnya and Afghanistan would be useful here: there are enough people on the civilian who have not taken root in civilian life.
    3. In Abkhazia, 200 km of beaches, rest houses and sanatoriums.
    4. Protection of Russian business, where RUSSIAN PMCs, can act as a guarantor of possible investments by investors, protect the business of Russians from the “scammers”.
    5. The state receives informal and informal tools for the realization of its interests. And PMCs for his money will replace regular troops in solving unpopular tasks.
    6. The army is declining sharply. Where to go? The officer leaves at age 45. Abroad 50-55 years is considered the most experienced employee. And we are already old. Where can a young man go if he can only fight? And PMCs will direct the energy of “retirees” to the CORRECT channel.
    7. Conducting information and psychological operations, cyber war ...
    In Sudan, deposits owned by Chinese companies are protected by PMCs - a group of 40 thousand (!) People dressed in military uniforms, but without insignia. No army — just PMCs. By order of the CIA, only the private company Blackwfter recruited more than 6 Arab, Afghan, and Turkish mercenaries to carry out terrorist attacks in Syria. When 20-50 thousand mercenaries (militants, terrorists) seep into the territory of the country, no strategic nuclear forces will help.
    The whole idea will go to Smarka if the Serdyukovs, Chubays are at the helm ...
    PS The Israeli company Global CST received a contract to participate in the security of the Olympic Games in Sochi (2014), the World Cup (2018), Skolkovo, as well as a number of other Russian state STRATEGIC venues. We arrived ...
    PPS ... most of the modern French foreign legion is made up of Slavs — enough to plow on an uncle.

    I fully support. All on the shelves. You can close the topic.
  30. Vtel
    Vtel April 26 2013 22: 10 New
    0
    We already have the sad experience of PMCs - Latvian arrows. Latvian rifle units were created in 1915, during the first
    World War II. In 1916, rifle units were deployed to the Latvian Rifle Division. Latvians actively participated in the October revolution, in the civil war, guarded Lenin - and all this for a fee. They were the defenders of the coup organized by the Bolsheviks.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 27 2013 01: 56 New
      0
      small, well, you can’t be so dense and illiterate. The Latvian Rifle Division in 1916 was the same national unit (of which there were many in different empires), like the Wild Division, Cossack units and other native units.

      Quote: Vtel
      Latvians actively participated in the October revolution, in the civil war, guarded Lenin - and all this for a fee.


      checks, coupons, receipts - on a barrel!

      it is amazing how the best Soviet intelligence and saboteurs came out of them later. and - working for conscience, and not for fear or loot. of them
      people came out who were taken as an example for his literary heroes by old man Hemingway, "For Whom the Bell Tolls". (Have you even heard of Hemingway and his books, shkolota?) I suppose the names of Berzin and Sprogis are a dark forest, a loner?

      Quote: Vtel
      They were the defenders of the Bolshevik coup.


      what a coup, bast? from February to October 1917 the central authority controlled only Petrograd. pogroms, sections took place throughout the rest of the cities and towns, Cossacks self-talked about, and they took sovereignty as much as they wanted on the national suburbs. officers
      in the Don began to be crowded in the summer, in order to carry out an alternative coup - so they put the "temporary" (by the way, who authorized them to power, what elections?) I liked.

      You would read Tsarist General Golovin, expert. about what was going on in the Republic of Ingushetia during the WWII - “The Military Efforts of Russia” and about the counter-revolution after 1917, helps graduates of historical vocational schools from illusions.
  31. воронов
    воронов April 27 2013 00: 01 New
    0
    Our laws usually lag behind modern realities.
  32. saygon66
    saygon66 April 27 2013 19: 52 New
    0
    - Well, they like to charm people with us ... Well, who saw the queues of people wishing to get into a private security company?
    Yes, no one wants to substitute his head for a bat for money, not for an idea! Or is there a big competition for a contract in the army and police? Yes, most men go to work in peaceful specialties! If anyone was interested in how much the “contractor” gets, he knows that money can be earned without risking opoe! Nobody likes to pay ... So do not see us army of paid fighters - this work will remain the lot of the "romantics"!
  33. APASUS
    APASUS April 28 2013 20: 17 New
    0
    PMCs are probably not for Russia. At the moment, we cannot adequately consider threats. In Western countries where there are no problems with the judicial system, scandals arise !! Take the same Blackwater and this is the top if you dig ....... ..
  34. smershspy
    smershspy 3 May 2013 12: 22 New
    +3
    Quote: radio operator
    With these private agencies you have to keep an eye out.
    They have a habit of going beyond the boundaries of private property territories and “putting things in order” everywhere.


    I agree! I even read information on such units operating all over the world - they charge dearly!
  35. Master2030
    Master2030 20 February 2017 13: 47 New
    0
    With some sort of puppy enthusiasm they talk about the capabilities of PMCs, although this is a fiction. The problems from them are much larger. The state should not be engaged in the employment of the former military, but should provide them with decent conditions of service and decent retirement benefits. Here, just some who do not want to work out their very small official content. For example, the question of the legalization of prostitution, the benefits are obvious health controls, taxes, etc. Super easy. And we don’t see forests beyond the trees, because you can not support the institution of the family and the high socio-moral standard. ETOGES you have to work, you need to look for money to think at last, and most of our state goodwives do not know how to work and do not want.