Military Review

“After Chernobyl, twice a year I’m in the hospital, I’ll soon lie down for the 50 time” - liquidator

“After Chernobyl, twice a year I’m in the hospital, I’ll soon lie down for the 50 time” - liquidatorOn the eve of the anniversary of the Chernobyl tragedy, Segodnya journalists talked with people who told many interesting details of the incident, including that the Soviet secret services knew about the disaster six months before it happened.

After 27 years after the evacuation of thousands of residents of Chernobyl, Pripyat and the surrounding villages, life in the zone is in full swing - here in the midst of the most ambitious and dangerous construction of Ukraine - a new steel sarcophagus is being built over the old shelter. It was planned to finish it already in 2015 (construction lasts the third year). True, now the builders, they say that they are behind schedule. According to the first deputy head of the State Agency for Exclusion Zone Dmitry Bobro, half of all the work has not yet been completed. “There is no equator yet. The work on the arrangement of the foundation in the installation area has now been completed; an arch is being collected, which will cover the old sarcophagus. It consists of two halves, ”says Bobro. Officials have a lot of reasons for haste - according to some estimates, the old shelter can completely collapse through 9 for years. “According to the current construction schedule of the new shelter, there are lags, but now the customer is working to ensure that the contractor performs work within the specified time frame,” said Bobro “Today”. At the Chernobyl NPP itself they specify that the work is painstaking, because the construction must stand for at least 100 years and withstand any cataclysms: storms, hurricanes, snowfall.

WORKS ON 100 YEARS. After the new sarcophagus is pulled along the rails into the exploded 4 reactor, special cranes will begin to destroy the old shelter in parts. They will observe and control the equipment with the help of video cameras, which will be installed inside, because in the arch itself, all the dust will accumulate, which has accumulated 27 radiation for years. Apparently, the sarcophagus will be dismantled for several years, with several hundred thousand tons of concrete in it. Further, part of the design will be taken out to the already existing special storage facilities, and especially dangerous elements will remain under cover until new bunkers are built. “Everything that will be dismantled should be buried in a stable geological environment. Such storage may appear years through 30. Fuel and radioactive materials will be loaded into containers and sent to deep storage. In general, the works are designed for 100 years, ”said Bobro.

TO CALL ALMOST ONE. "Today" has sought out the builders of the sarcophagus-86. For them, the construction, which lasted six months, divided life into “before” and “after”. Liquidators say that every year they are less and less. It happens that they call their former workmate on a construction site, and at the end of the line they are answered: "He is gone, he is dead." “Initially, lead was dropped from helicopters into the reactor to stop the chain reaction. Then it turned out that this was a mistake that aggravated the situation, ”ex-deputy head of the Shelter object George Reichtman told us. - The sarcophagus began to build in June. The line of concrete trucks stretched for a kilometer on 2, the concrete was poured into the wall, which was supposed to protect from radiation. We understood that the station and the housing were lost. Construction ended by the end of November on 1986. ” Now the artist, and in 1986, an employee of the Institute of Chemistry, shelter builder Georges Shanaev says that with his colleagues he made the sarcophagus airtight. “There were many slots between the shelter’s structures through which radiation emissions occurred. We sealed these seams with polymers, ”Shanaev told us. - From the means of protection were canvas boots, sweatshirt and gauze petal, which he wore on his face. There was a feeling that you were in a war, you could not be wrong. We lived in the Chernobyl hostel, after breakfast we went to the construction site, we worked all daylight hours. Worked there for over a month. Since then, twice a year I have been in the hospital, I will soon lie down for the 50 time. ”

Chernobyl №2: macaques have blood problems

Through 25 years after the Chernobyl disaster, 11 March 2011, a similar accident happened in Japan at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant. Its consequences will be felt for decades, because until now the Japanese specialists have not been able to stop even leakage of radioactive water into the ocean from reactors damaged by the earthquake.

It has not yet been decided how the NPP units will be decommissioned, and all projects submitted to the government are calculated for at least 10 — 15 years. A forbidden zone with a radius of 20 km remains around the Fukushima nuclear power plant, although environmentalists have found hotbeds of contamination in 40 km from the station. The 20-kilometer zone is declared a zone of forced evacuation, while the rest of the territory is declared a zone of voluntary resettlement, which does not provide for living at the expense of the state.

Japanese authorities say that there is no risk of increasing cancer due to an accident. Like, the dose that people could receive before the evacuation (and people began to evacuate a few days after the emergency) was insignificant. But Japanese scientists have found anomalies in mammals, birds, insects and plants from the area of ​​nuclear power plants. In macaques from Fukushima a decrease in the content of leukocytes and erythrocytes in the blood was found in comparison with the norms, sometimes to a significant extent. And in one wild warbler caught in 25 km from the nuclear power plant, a tumor was found, something they had never encountered before.

"AT the news very little is reported about the accident, and the Japanese have practically forgotten about it. The shops sell vegetables, fruits and fish from Fukushima prefecture, and the Japanese buy it. But personally, I immediately gave up all the fish caught in Japan - we take only imported ones. The wife goes to the store with a list in which the prefectures are listed in Japanese where the foci of infection have been identified. We do not take food from these areas, ”Ukrainian Ivan Turkevich, who lives 150 km from Fukushima-1, told Segodnya. But at the same time he is thinking of moving to Fukushima Prefecture, which the Japanese authorities plan to develop by building a large institute for renewable energy here. "The radiation level here is slightly higher than in general in Japan, but it is far from a dangerous level," Turkevich said.

Secret Service: they did not listen to counterintelligence

The fact that the Chernobyl nuclear power plant could happen a technological catastrophe, said long before 26 April 1986, and even on the eve of the black date. This is confirmed by the declassified archival documents of the special services and evidence of participants in those events. General Yuri Knyazev, six months before the accident, headed the 6-e Directorate of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR, responsible for economic security, instead of Leonid Bykhov. Prior to that, Yury Vasilyevich headed the Ternopil Oblast Administration, and earlier he was Deputy Head of the KGB Department for Lugansk and Nikolaev Oblasts. He came to the state security bodies in 1967, despite his youth, having solid experience behind him, including in the coal mining industry.

“I participated in the investigation of accidents in mines, and I saw a lot of people's grief, tears, and destruction,” the general recalls. - The competence of 6-th management, along with other tasks, included operational control over safety at especially important facilities, including nuclear power plants, there were four of them then in Ukraine. I came to the conclusion about the need for system measures to enhance the monitoring of the radiation state of nuclear power plants ...

STRANGE POSITION. Especially for these purposes, on the orders of Knyazev, groups of several experienced employees of the central apparatus began to leave there monthly. They delved into the situation in detail, communicated with leading nuclear specialists, identified gaps in radio safety, revealed shortcomings that, unfortunately, were enough. According to the results of business trips, reports were prepared with recommendations, where and what needs to be corrected, from whom it depends, what is fraught with delay.

On their basis, Knyazev prepared a generalized memorandum to the Chairman of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR, Stepan Mucha. There were three such alarming notes. Neither verbally nor in writing did he respond.

“The position of the chairman was completely incomprehensible to me,” Knyazev continues. - It was about the safety of nuclear power plants. The situation worsened there, serious violations occurred, and Mucha pretended that nothing was happening.

Not having achieved a reaction, the head of the 6-th Directorate ordered to prepare a memorandum even higher - a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, Vladimir Scherbitsky and the chairman of the KGB of the USSR Viktor Chebrikov. Special attention in the documents was drawn to the threatening state of affairs at the Chernobyl NPP. But, according to the subordination, bypassing Mucha and without his visa, the reports could not be sent further.

“After more than three months, both documents were returned to me without any resolutions or explanations through the Committee’s secretariat,” sighs Yury Vasilyevich. - Given that the situation at Chernobyl, and at other stations was aggravated, the problems of radio safety became even more acute. He tried to get to the chairman several times - did not accept ...

Before the disaster there were only a few days. What else to do, which bells to ring, which doors to knock on?

On 25 on April 1986, a meeting of the central headquarters of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR was appointed. As then practiced everywhere, the decisions of the next CPSU congress and the tasks of the party organization were to be discussed (there were about 800 communists in it).

On the eve, Yury Knyazev talked with the secretary of the party committee Yuri Chernikov, saying that he intends to make a sharp criticism of the chairman - he does not react to the information and ignores real threats.

BULLET OR CALL. It was an unheard-of challenge, likened to suicide. No wonder: not somewhere, but in the State Security Committee publicly, openly speaking out against the almighty Mukha, who was supported by Scherbitsky himself! ..

“I had two ways,” Yury Vasilyevich admits “Today”. - To put a bullet in the temple, signing in his weakness, or to say everything that boils: about disregard of information of national importance, about the vicious style of leadership, rudeness and mistrust of people ...

He was not afraid - in the presence of Mukha, who was sitting in the first row with a stone face, colleagues in his work, representatives of the administrative agencies of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine - said what he thought. The performance sounded like a shot. It was a deed. As the meeting participants recall, the hall applauded him standing. But some people put a cross on the career of the general: this was not forgiven, and he was already mentally written off as a reserve.

“The meeting ended at about half past nine in the evening,” Knyazev says. - Returned home upset, tired. I could not fall asleep for a long time, scrolling in memory all by the minute. And when, finally, disconnected, the bell rang. As if sank inside: really something on the atomka? He looked at his watch - the beginning of the third night. I picked up the phone. So it is - the responsible duty officer of the KGB reports: "Half an hour ago, an accident occurred on the Chernobyl NPP 4 block, a fire broke out ...". And began another countdown. He contacted the deputy chairman of the KGB Yuri Petrov, told him. Quickly got ready and went to work ...

On further events Knyazev tells in one of the sections of his book of memoirs. About how hot traces to the scene in Chernobyl Petrov left with a group of employees 6-th management. As counterintelligence took the blow of radiation and fire, about the likelihood of which they vainly warned before. About military friends - Viktor Klochko, Vladimir Slobodenyuk, Viktor Ukrainsky, Vladimir Khapaev and others. About the work of the head of the operational headquarters of the administration. On heroism and self-sacrifice, courage and bravery, recklessness and heartlessness.

“The huge price has been paid for this terrible catastrophe,” Yury Vasilyevich, who now heads the International Public Organization “Counterintelligence of Chernobyl”, does not hide the bitterness. “Many of our employees, unfortunately, are no longer alive - they were killed by radiation. Many lost their health, lost their ability to work, became disabled. How can we, support those who need help, take care of families, share memories with young people ...

The other day in one of the capital schools honored a participant in the elimination of the accident, Anatoly Andreevich Shumak. He was an operational driver, he worked, like many colleagues, in Chernobyl.

“Once, in the garage of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR, they decided who to send to the Zone next time, and it was time for the very young driver to go,” Knyazev says. - Shumak got up and said: “You shouldn’t send him there - you just got married recently, he and he have no children, I’ll go instead, I already have two - a son and a daughter”. And he went, although he was already there, grabbing his dose of radiation, and worked for this guy. These are the kind of people who were with us, how not to be proud of them ...

"UNDER THE FLY". And about Mukhu, Yury Vasilyevich (also, by the way, who received his dose in Chernobyl and repeatedly treated) tries not to think. Not because the former chairman is long gone, and about the dead - good or nothing.

One feels, still not able to forgive tyranny, stubbornness, stupidity. History subjunctive mood does not tolerate. But who knows - listen to the head of the KGB for the warnings of subordinates, do not disregard their pain and anxiety - and, perhaps, the tragedy of Chernobyl could have been avoided. Well, or its consequences would not be so large-scale, fatal for millions of people.

According to counterintelligence veterans, Stepan Mucha was an accidental person in the bodies. Notable for indecision, afraid to take responsibility. Understood it in the center. A year and a half before the disaster at the Chernobyl NPP they tried to replace him. Scherbitsky opposed. And the woeful chairman remained. They made fun of our officers in Moscow: “You work there constantly“ under the Fly ”, putting double meaning into words.

... 27 of April 1986 of Yury Knyazev was called by Fedor Shcherbak, a member of the KGB of the USSR KGB, who was a member of the government commission: “What was the information on the safety of Chernobyl NPP?” Having learned about the unanswered reports addressed to Mukha, he demanded that these materials be delivered urgently. Having studied, he stated: “The collegium has no complaints against you. The department performed its duties properly. ” But so what if the thunder, about the inexorable approach of which was warned, has already struck ...

The chief of the SBU archive, Svetlana Lyaskovskaya, on the “Today” request, which documents of the special services regarding the Chernobyl NPP accident are not declassified, said:

- Similar materials have not been received for a long time. This does not mean that they do not exist in nature. But everything that happened was included in the collection “From the archives of the military academy of civil defense — GPU — NKVD — KGB” published several years ago. Some documents were transferred to the Chernobyl Museum. We don’t have any other materials about these events.

Years later inside the reactor

As the nuclear scientists told us, right up to 1994, the walls of the sarcophagus were hot due to the fact that the reactor produced heat. “Then the shelter warmed less and less. If earlier we cooled the object, now it needs to be heated. After all, there are both electric cables and sensors, ”George Reichtman explained to us. According to him, people work on “Shelter” of 4 from 86. “Every day they spend inside. They control the operation of sensors, pumps. On the processes in the reactor says separately. "Under the influence of high temperature, the fuel mixed with the concrete and froze, but eventually turns into dust and becomes very dangerous," said Reichtman. On the new sarcophagus, he says that the shelter, although better than the former, is not ideal: “This will be a very expensive facility to operate.”
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Canep
    Canep April 26 2013 04: 57
    Due to the carelessness of several people, such a massive accident occurred. And those who survived received punishments ridiculous.
    1. vanya
      vanya April 26 2013 12: 24
      the wrong punishment was received ...
    2. vanya
      vanya April 26 2013 12: 29
      put the innocent on March 17, 1984

      To the head of the 6th Directorate of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR
      major general
      comrade Bykhov L.V.

      About identified deficiencies
      at the third and fourth power units of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

      According to experts, at the third power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant at elevations of 35,5 m, 39,0 m, 43,0 m, there are cracks in the floor slabs, a shift of the crossbars, floor slabs, mounted reinforced concrete and expanded clay panels was noted.

      Considering that the crossbars are load-bearing structures, to which the load is transferred from floor slabs and the technological equipment installed on them, including separator drums, this situation also poses a danger to the main building of the 3rd power unit.

      The appointed departmental commission from among the Chernobyl experts and the detailed design group of the Gidroproekt Research Institute noted that the process of destruction of the crossbars is really taking place, the chips of the protective layer reached a depth of 5 mm, a height of 200 mm along their entire length. In some places, the loss of the protective layer of the crossbars was revealed with a depth of up to 50 mm, an area of ​​400 × 400 mm. The displacement of wall reinforced concrete and expanded clay panels from the axis reaches 30 mm. The observations made by the members of the commission show that over the past 2-3 months there has been a further sliding down of floor slabs from the crossbars. Preliminary analysis suggests that the main reason for this is a significant overheating of the walls of the drum-separators due to the ineffective operation of thermal insulation, which is destroyed by high temperatures and constant radioactive radiation. At present, temperatures of about 160 ° C are fixed on the surfaces of walls of reinforced concrete structures in the premises of drum-separators, at which concrete loses its properties, although according to the design of the Scientific Research Institute "Hydroproject" named after S.Ya. Zhuka (Moscow), the temperature on the surface of walls protected by thermal insulation should not exceed 90 ° C. In order to prevent the destruction of the ceilings and their collapse, the Chernobyl administration, in agreement with the Hydroproject Institute, took measures to strengthen the supporting structures, but this, according to experts, does not solve the problem. In their opinion, a similar situation is developing at the 4th Chernobyl NPP unit.

      In view of the foregoing, in order to conduct a thorough examination at the 3rd and 4th power units, we would consider it necessary, through the USSR Ministry of Energy, to create a competent commission of specialists to verify these facts and determine the true causes of the destruction of the supporting and enclosing structures.

      We report on your decision.

      Head of the Office of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR

      Lieutenant General (M.Z. Banduristy)
  2. StolzSS
    StolzSS April 26 2013 05: 14
    Yes, these are such tupar always and spoiled the matter as I can remember. Always despised such leaders. Hang them as enemies of the people in the square and refuse the right to bury, bury as laboratory mice in a box and in the stove, and then into the sewer ....
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 April 26 2013 07: 35
    2. The comment was deleted.
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko April 26 2013 10: 23
        Quote: Corsair
        The main culprit in the Chernobyl disaster

        And in our country the Boats "themselves" sink, the reactors "themselves" explode and a lot of other things happen.
        Everything, as in: The ambassador has a medallion, Shpak has a tape recorder ...

        And "Woodpecker" has just started to work (the "Spinach" project).

  3. taseka
    taseka April 26 2013 05: 34
    Today is the 27 anniversary of the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, I sincerely wish you good health and say thanks for the feat to all the liquidators !!! Men for you !!!!
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov April 26 2013 06: 44
      Quote: taseka
      Today is the 27 anniversary of the disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, I sincerely wish you good health and say thanks for the feat to all the liquidators !!! Men for you !!!!

      For some, a disaster, but for some ...... a set of points among their own kind.
      Lviv Regional Council wants Russia to pay damages for Chernobyl
      In total, the appeal was supported by 76 deputies, reports

      It should be noted that at the proposal of the deputy from VO “Freedom” Galina Chernaya, the deputies submitted a request to the document to consider an appeal to the Russian Federation on compensation for losses of the Chernobyl disaster. According to the deputy, although the disaster occurred in an already non-existent country, Ukraine suffered the whole load of losses.
      1. Ruslan67
        Ruslan67 April 26 2013 06: 48
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        although the disaster occurred in an already defunct country, Ukraine suffered a whole load of losses.

        That non-existent and fully compensate for non-existent currency wassat
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov April 26 2013 06: 53
          Quote: Ruslan67
          That non-existent and fully compensate for non-existent currency

          I pay cash laughing
          1. Ruslan67
            Ruslan67 April 26 2013 06: 58
            Quote: Alexander Romanov
            I pay cash

            Koreiko homegrown wassat But pretended to be an honest entrepreneur negative good
      2. Strezhevchanin
        Strezhevchanin April 26 2013 07: 20
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Lviv Regional Council wants Russia to pay damages for Chernobyl

        It’s up to you to ask about the amount of profit to date, from the factories built by us under the USSR, maybe we should also say, return our plants? So we will live, who pisses higher on the wall? The Lviv Regional Council should be dismissed in its entirety, for such an initiative, as an edification to those who are used to thinking w ..... th !!!
      3. Egoza
        April 26 2013 08: 43
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Lviv Regional Council wants

        Lviv regional council only thinks where to grab. Looks like money for monuments to Bandera is over! Didn't Belarus suffer? And Russia has not suffered? And in general, for the fact that the same regional council banned Soviet symbols on May 8-9, "in order to avoid clashes on this mourning day," let them sit and not bark. am
        1. Kaa
          Kaa April 26 2013 11: 06
          Quote: Egoza
          Lviv Regional Council only thinks where to grab. But Belarus has not suffered? But Russia has not suffered?
          "The number of beneficiaries in Ukraine is constantly growing, according to the media. Only the liquidators have tripled since the Chernobyl accident. People complain that there are many fake ones among the real beneficiaries, because such a status is not difficult to buy. The first category in 1986 could be obtained by anyone. , regardless of the time spent and work in the zone.In 1991, when the law was adopted, the liquidators were promised 7 minimum wages of compensation, and now it is 10 living wages. One of the eyewitnesses of the accident recalls that after the explosion in the zone there was chaos then everyone and everyone was chasing. "Someone stayed for a week and left. Maybe he didn't do anything there at all, but just sat in the room. The second, perhaps, handed over travel documents and, as they say, there is a stamp - he received benefits", - said one of the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident.Over the past 25 years, the number of Chernobyl victims has tripled: someone had children, someone was able to prove that the diseases that have arisen are a consequence of the the effects of radiation. To be honest, this is problematic, but there are medical loopholes. "Pay 5 thousand dollars and they will bring you on a silver platter a list of documents that you are a participant or even a disabled person, even of the 1st group," said Vladimir Kobchik, head of the Society of Veterans and Disabled People of the Liquidation of the Chernobyl Accident.http: //www.bagnet .org / news / society / 165905
          "In recent years, there have been more and more calls to withdraw part of the territories from the exclusion zone and allow permanent residence of people there, as well as to conduct agricultural activities. Ukrainian officials have repeatedly announced their intention to revise the classification of lands affected by the Chernobyl accident. They assure that later decades after the catastrophe on many lands, the level of radiation is no longer dangerous.
          The Ukrainian authorities are pushing the return of land for cultivation both by the growth of agricultural production and the shortage of soils rich in black earth, and by the example of neighboring Belarus. More than a third of the land taken out in 1986 was returned to economic circulation there. Ukrainians also began to partially sow the lands contaminated after the Chernobyl accident in 2011. "Http://
          1. Egoza
            April 26 2013 14: 52
            Quote: Kaa
            "The number of beneficiaries in Ukraine is constantly growing, according to the media.

            The funny thing is that the Kievites were not given the status of victims of Chernobyl at that time - “it’s too much to pay,” although we now have health problems .... But children were evacuated from Kiev and neighboring villages. By the way, it was then that the people standing in the apartment queues abandoned their turn, gave way to the victims (and not so much). Now we have Troyeshchina - almost all of the "Chernobyl victims", especially those who suffered in the memory !!! So there is nothing to wonder where so many conscious people come from. Yes, and those Kievites who were in queues are still standing in queues to this day.
        2. tomket
          tomket April 26 2013 18: 38
          send for permanent residence in Chernobyl
      4. Corsair
        Corsair April 26 2013 09: 20
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Lviv Regional Council wants Russia to pay damages for Chernobyl
        In total, the appeal was supported by 76 deputies, reports

        Well, to whom, to whom, and to Ukrainian nationalists, a mournful date is an occasion to mimic ...
      5. valokordin
        valokordin April 26 2013 09: 34
        Quote: Alexander Romanov

        For some, a disaster, but for some ...... a set of points among their own kind.
        Lviv Regional Council wants Russia to pay damages for Chernobyl
        In total, the appeal was supported by 76 deputies, reports

        I want to add that the issue can be resolved in this form, while filing a counterclaim for damages for those who died after and at the end of the war at the hands of residents of the Lviv region and adjacent territories of 60 thousand Soviet soldiers. The lawsuit should be brought either to Ukraine or to the administration of the Lviv region.
      6. taseka
        taseka April 27 2013 06: 01
        Quote: Alexander Romanov
        Lviv Regional Council wants

        Greetings - A. Romanov
        In general, I am amazed at the "weakness" of the Ukrainian authorities to this kakakshny regional council - which cancels the red banners on MAY 9 - Bandera has not finished shooting !!!
  4. does it
    does it April 26 2013 05: 55
    The Japanese were warned about the risk of cooling the reactor with sea water in our country on tv voiced all versions in the event of a catastrophe. up to the demand by Japan of the entire Kuril ridge and adjacent territories under pressure from the world community ....
    1. Ruslan67
      Ruslan67 April 26 2013 06: 27
      Quote: kvirit
      . up to the demand by Japan of the entire Kuril ridge and adjacent territories under pressure from the world ....

      What is it like? relocate those who survive? So first we would have to ask, do we have so many barbed wires to enclose refugee camps wassat
  5. TRex
    TRex April 26 2013 06: 22
    In fact - there was an explosion of a small nuclear weapon. The reconnaissance aircraft from our department (military unit 31100) immediately after the event registered over the 600 NPP at / per hour at an altitude of 1000 meters. Who does not know - this is a fatal level of radiation for humans. But this was not taken seriously. Humpbacked information was kept secret - May Day is coming! CATTLE!
    1. djon3volta
      djon3volta April 26 2013 06: 50
      Quote: TRex
      In fact - there was an explosion of a small nuclear weapon.

      and what about power? in kilotons, if you measure. judging by the destruction, the miser charge was. At Fukushima, the emission of radiation was 50 times greater than at Chernobyl, but this is not discussed in the media.
      1. TRex
        TRex April 26 2013 07: 23
        It is difficult to say specifically - what power ... It turned out something like a "dirty bomb", when the main damaging factor is radioactive contamination of the area, and not a shock wave, a light pulse, penetrating radiation or REI ... The main thing is that the explosion center is simple He "gushed" products, incandescent radioactive gases rose into the atmosphere and scattered across neighboring territories, and the authorities stood in the stands and cordially waved their pen to unsuspecting people in Kiev and Moscow. and in Minsk. Then, when they realized the full scale of the disaster. they began to do something ... As always - "throwing their corpses into the enemy's trenches." This often happens with us.
        1. Volkhov
          Volkhov April 26 2013 11: 05
          There were 2 ammunition of 0,2 Kt on the side of the reactor cover and under the reactor. The first with a difference of 2 seconds. the lower one worked, the second cut the lid sideways.
          Everything is on the seismogram (2 peaks), we saw 2 flashes.
          Then they strengthened the protection of the remaining nuclear power plants and brainwashed the population.
    2. APASUS
      APASUS April 26 2013 21: 42
      Quote: TRex
      Humpbacked information was kept secret - May Day is coming! CATTLE!

      And then what happened in the surrounding areas?
      Rumors are one worse than the other. Silent soldiers walk along the streets with Geiger counters. They forbid drinking milk, eating food from gardens, drinking water from wells. And then it went - off!
      They poured a bag of bleach into the well and completely hammered with docks.
      The authorities were not that unprepared - they did everything to hide what was happening in Chernobyl.
  6. Vanek
    Vanek April 26 2013 06: 34
    But there is such a story.

    I was in school, our class was a boy, his father was a liquidator of those consequences. So, Andrei, my classmate, walked in two pants in winter and summer. Yes, and in the summer too. He was just cold. Well, I understand in the winter, but in the summer! Yes, I understand this is paradoxical, but nonetheless - a fact!

    And note, the accident was at 86, and we are 84 years old. Yes, yes, two years after my birth, after Andrei, this accident happened. How to explain this, I do not know. At the gene level? Well, sorry, two years have passed. How? I dont know.
    1. Kaa
      Kaa April 26 2013 10: 38
      Vanya. How to explain it, I don’t know
      Let me explain to a specialist in this problem. THIS IS NOT ASSOCIATED WITH THE BLACK-WOMAN.
      Since 1945, humanity has accumulated vast knowledge on the effect of various doses of radiation on the affected. Those who got there in the first hours of the day died and fell ill, dumped pieces of graphite from the roof, pumped out contaminated water, dumped sand, lead, adsorbents into the core from helicopters. All of them have either died or suffer from blood diseases. But when faced with people who worked in Chernobyl, I PERSONALLY faced a paradox - they had diseases NOT ASSOCIATED with radiation - stomach ulcers, hypertension, coronary artery disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis. Those who, after 40-50, do not have something like this, are sincerely happy for such people, but actually there are millions of them, those who have NEVER been to Chernobyl. And millions of people who have received (or not) subcritical doses have been declared "Chernobyls" ... .But people REALLY feel unwell, but the symptoms do not fit into the radiation. What is the reason? RADIOPHOBIA. In order not to be accused of libel - links to the studio. "During 2003-2005 experts working under the auspices of the UN studied the environmental, medical, social and economic situation in
      the affected region.
      The result of this many years of work was a report "After
      que Chernobyl: medical, environmental and socio-economic
      Investigations ”presented at the International Conference in Vienna in September
      this year.
      The report claims that data on the consequences of the Chernobyl accident are greatly exaggerated by the affected republics. As for me
      According to the authors, the number of victims, in the worst case, may be about 4
      Conflicting assessments regarding the consequences of the accident are related to
      by that after 1986, thousands of liquidators, as well as people living on
      contaminated territories, died for reasons not related to radiation
      her. The paper states that the largest society-wide
      a health problem is stress caused by the fear of dying from
      radiation. The feeling of people as “victims of Chernobyl” and a low standard of living
      pose a much greater threat to health than radiation exposure.
      . Od-
      One of the reasons for this condition is the lack of accurate and reliable information.
      formations about the accident and its consequences.
      The UN Chernobyl Forum was established on the initiative of the IAEA in February 2003 to facilitate the implementation of the new UN strategy launched in 2002, “The humanitarian consequences of the Chernobyl accident: a rehabilitation strategy”. In addition to the IAEA, the founders of this forum were the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the United Nations Development Program
      (UNDP), United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), Scientific Committee
      United Nations Atomic Radiation Action (UNSCEAR), World Health Organization
      Conservation Agency (WHO) and the World Bank. Also included in the Chernobyl Forum
      representatives of the states most affected by the Chernobyl accident: Belarus
      si, Russia and Ukraine
      The only reliably recorded fact was the growth of thyroid cancer in children, and then, the bill goes to hundreds, not thousands and millions. ETERNAL GLORY TO THOSE WHO PROTECTED OUR COUNTRY FROM THE RADIATION DISASTER OF GLOBAL SCALE.
      1. Egoza
        April 26 2013 14: 57
        Quote: Kaa
        How to explain it, I do not know

        All of you write correctly, dear Kaa. only now, when I myself left after all the troubles and evacuations, and finally took out my own ... so "just in case" we "examined" our clothes with a dosimeter (military). It squealed so much that they immediately took them off and threw them away. But all the time, all purification norms were observed!
        1. Kaa
          Kaa April 26 2013 16: 24
          Quote: Egoza
          only now, when I myself left after all the troubles and evacuations, and finally took out my own ... so "just in case" we "examined" our clothes with a (military) dosimeter. It squealed so much that everyone immediately took it off and threw it out.

          I hope that you missed 50 R, which means there is no reason to worry; if they grabbed you, you would be hospitalized. During it, especially in the first weeks - what has not seen enough, the manifestations of any "sores" have not seen, but more than 100-120 mkR - no one had. And 30 - in those days - the upper border of the background. And where did the sores come from? And here she came, radiophobia. Tranquilizers (sometimes neuroleptics) removed all diseases as if by hand.
          1. jjj
            jjj April 27 2013 01: 22
            Even earlier there was an accident, God forbid, I can of course be mistaken, at the "Mayak". Radioactive water went into the river. One village was completely evacuated. Do not have another one. Almost everyone from the village that was evacuated later died. In the abandoned village, almost everyone remained alive for a long time. But the rest received large doses. It was concluded that stress and fear of radiation are more dangerous than the doses themselves. Of course, if they are not outrageous
  7. SCS
    SCS April 26 2013 06: 52
    “Once in the garage of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR they were deciding who to send to the Zone next time, and it was the turn of a very young driver to go,” says Knyazev. “Shumak got up and said:“ You don't need to send him there - just recently got married, and there are no children yet, I will go instead of him, I already have two - a son and a daughter. ”And he went, although he was already there, grabbing his dose of radiation, and worked for this boy. These were the people next to us, like not to be proud of them ... "
    after reading a cold run down my back! on such examples it is necessary to educate children, not Western speederman ...

    Low bow to you, the liquidators !!!
  8. fenix57
    fenix57 April 26 2013 06: 56
    "On their basis, Knyazev prepared a generalized memorandum to the Chairman of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR, Stepan Mucha. There were three such alarming notes. Neither verbally nor in writing did he respond."- probably with the approximate wording:" ... anxiety ... "before the holidays ..
  9. pensioner
    pensioner April 26 2013 07: 33
    Quote: Alexander Romanov
    I pay cash

    I’ll also find a hundred, another. Take a share.
  10. pensioner
    pensioner April 26 2013 07: 41
    Quote: SCS
    Low bow to you, the liquidators !!!

    My childhood friend was at the station at the time of the explosion. Yura Chernory. Maybe someone knows. There was a rumor that he was dead. Last year I talked to him on the phone. Alive! I wish you health! Itself almost appeared there on liquidation. At the call of the Komsomol, almost all wrote statements. Although all physicists, many did not fit because of specialization. Including me.
  11. Apollo
    Apollo April 26 2013 07: 49
    Good morning everybody hi

    Truly all the firefighters and also the liquidators of the consequences of the Chernobyl disaster Heroes with a capital letter. All those who died have a bright memory, and those who survived patience and resilience. A low bow to you.
  12. Garrin
    Garrin April 26 2013 09: 14
    When I was 86, I worked as the head of the welding section in the metal structures shop (CMK) at the Makeevka Metallurgical Plant. When everything happened, I tried to sign up as a volunteer, but my wife stood up, we just got married the day before, in March, and I took her from Moscow to Makeevka, well, she balked, she was afraid to stay alone in a strange city, lived in a private rented house , in short, from these considerations, then they did not yet know the scale of the disaster. But I still managed to visit it, literally after a month and a half. When they decided to build the sarcophagus, we, as future performers, were taken there to the place for a couple of days, probably in the expectation that we could help in designing the sarcophagus. By the way, it was later justified. And then our shop and all the neighboring enterprises were literally overwhelmed with orders for the manufacture of parts for the sarcophagus. I know, next to the ZMK (metalwork plant), the Koksodetal plant, then we all worked only for this sarcophagus. Yes, in fact, all over the Union then worked for him.
    And the liquidators, yes, this is a separate conversation. Praise be to them, and to someone and ETERNAL MEMORY !!! I remember the guys today, I have many friends who no longer exist.
  13. valokordin
    valokordin April 26 2013 09: 41
    Eternal glory to the living and eternal glory to the fallen for preserving the life of others.
  14. marshes
    marshes April 26 2013 13: 48
    Well, as my cousin, he was a VVshnik in a cordon. Although he was lucky, a second cousin served in Saryshagan as soon as he left for demobilization he died after 8 months of lung cancer, although he did not smoke. The boy was only 20 years old.
  15. Vtel
    Vtel April 26 2013 14: 43
    The rainy day of history. Eternal memory to the dead! There is no blessing in disguise - this is a terrible reminder to everyone who rattles their arms, that it will be not enough for everyone if World War 3 comes with the use of nuclear weapons.
    1. Egoza
      April 26 2013 15: 00
      Quote: Vtel
      this is a terrible reminder to everyone who rattles weapons,

      And I would like it to serve as a reminder to everyone, even without weapons. After all, they do not have time to erect a new sarcophagus on time, and the old one can collapse in 9 years !!!!
  16. rereture
    rereture April 26 2013 15: 38
    In our village, due to the Chernobyl accident, the peat briquette factory went dead, and in the 90s it was ruined. At the moment, the village is a zone of compulsory resettlement. But alas and oh we live there, and if the Chernobyl benefits are abolished, then kirdyk to the village.
  17. Egoza
    April 26 2013 15: 49
    Mourning events were held in Kiev in memory of those killed and injured as a result of the tragedy that occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986.
    So, in 00: 50, with the participation of Vice Prime Minister Alexander Vilkul and Kyiv City State Administration Chairman Alexander Popov, a ceremony was laid in the capital to lay garlands and flowers at the Memorial Barrow to those killed in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident, the Kyiv City State Administration writes. At about one in the morning, a memorial service began for those who died and died from the consequences of the Chernobyl accident and the ceremony of lighting candles in the Temple of the Entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem.
    In addition, the head of the state administration took part in a requiem rally in Desnyansky and Svyatoshinsky districts.
    Today, memorial and thematic events were held in all districts of the capital on the occasion of the 27 anniversary of the Chernobyl accident.
    V.F. Yanukovych visited Chernobyl today. On the one hand, he lamented that there was such little help for the liquidators and the victims, and on the other, he ordered to “go over” all the lists in order to get rid of the “linden”. Only I doubt that the lists will really be "cleared", because the check will be carried out by local authorities, who are also all "victims"