Among the organizational problems of the development of domestic rocket and artillery weapons (RAV) are the tasks of recruiting the Armed Forces, training personnel and the widely discussed definition of the future appearance of the army. In this regard, I would like to note that the names and structure of military formations (brigades — regiments — divisions, districts or strategic directions, etc.) are of greater importance in peacetime. When they are used in combat within the framework of the concept of network-centric warfare, that is, mainly in contactless operations, promising weapons will quickly be combined into temporary firing (shock) circuits, which can be entered as whole units (self-propelled howitzers equipped with standard control equipment and support), as well as individual firing means, which can be controlled remotely (prospective howitzer and launcher of a high-precision rocket launcher sa).
Speed and self-synchronization
Network-centric warfare - the conduct of hostilities in a single information space, allows you to move from war to attrition to a more rapid and more efficient form, which is characterized by two basic principles: speed of control and self-synchronization.
The main advantages of conducting combat operations in a single information space:
Meeting the requirements of the concept of conducting combat operations in a single information space provides for the development and use of a set of technologies, including network technologies, ensuring the formation of the information management infrastructure of the system, as well as methods for creating WTO guidance schemes. They can be divided conditionally into the following groups of technologies:
Advanced Research and Development System
The development of all the listed technologies should be carried out mainly within the framework of the Federal Target Program for the development of the Russian military-industrial complex, as well as other federal and integrated target programs, in close connection with the national technological platforms proposed by the Ministry of Economic Development, which are a new tool for the development of innovative technical projects, including defense-oriented ones.
Unfortunately, national technology platforms are focused mainly on business projects, private-state partnerships and without close cooperation with research organizations of the Ministry of Defense and direct state funding of high-risk defense projects will not even allow achieving the current level of military technologies, not to mention leadership in this area.
The situation is aggravated by the fact that until recently there was no body coordinating military research, fundamental research, and applied research in this area. The new leadership of the Ministry of Defense and the military industrial complex has decided to establish a Fund for Advanced Studies under the Military Industrial Commission and the General Directorate for Innovative Developments of the Ministry of Defense, within which it is planned to organize the development of breakthrough technologies of warfare, the creation of a long-term concept for the development of RAB and its implementation programs, national technology platforms and other tools.
At the same time, the level of development of the domestic economy and the objective state of the domestic Armed Forces make it difficult for all the HPV-2020 plans to be implemented in due time to switch to the new principles of building the Armed Forces according to the concept of conducting combat operations in a single information space. At the same time, there is the possibility of a phased construction of the perspective structure of the modern army. At present, Russian, including military scientists have conducted enough studies confirming the possibility of a phased transition of the main strike force of the Armed Forces of the RF Armed Forces - the rocket forces and artillery to create a control system to achieve superiority over the enemy in fire fighting.
Therefore, at the first stage, it is proposed to slightly formulate and offer in the GOZ supply armament sets to equip artillery formations of all control links that meet the requirements for real-time combat systems. The task of creating integrated combat missile and artillery systems will be implemented.
With regard to the existing organizational and staff structure, artillery, reactive, anti-tank divisions, with minor modifications to the VVST, can be converted into reconnaissance and fire-fighting modules of the intended purpose, which should reflect the main content of the combat mission of the artillery of the army: counter-battery combat, destruction of advanced reserves (columns), destruction of electronic weapons, destruction of advancing and breaking through tanks, including the possibility of using tactical nuclear weapons.
In RARAN there are detailed proposals for the construction of similar reconnaissance-strike and reconnaissance-fire complexes of the SV and Air Force. Among them, reconnaissance-strike complex (RUK) operational purpose with aviation by means of RTR and long-range ground-based weapons of destruction, operational-tactical RUK based on high-altitude radar reconnaissance equipment, tactical RUK using a helicopter radar reconnaissance complex, which has proven itself during the Kavkaz 2012 exercises. The implementation of these proposals, subject to the parallel solution of the above technological and other problems under a single direction, will allow us to move on to the real construction of the network-centric structure of the explosive and A from the bottom — from individual promising samples through their integration into reconnaissance-strike (fire) complexes (modules) to conduct reconnaissance-strike actions in a single information space by all types of armed forces and the Armed Forces as a whole.
The development trends of rocket and artillery weapons are fairly obvious: reducing the role of barreled weapons with increasing missile values, reducing mass and size characteristics, automating all combat use processes, up to creating remotely controlled, robotic and fully autonomous systems, replacing conventional ammunition with high-precision (i.e. controlled means of destruction and above all with elements of artificial intelligence), the emergence of PAB on new physical principles.
It is possible to predict an increase in the number of local armed conflicts, counter-terrorist operations and other coercive actions involving RAVs on their territory or in the areas where civilians live, where the role of selective defeat weapons or having limited defeat zones (the so-called minimally invasive) is increasing. A similar problem is the development of safe-to-handle ammunition (increased resistance to shocks, heat, aggressive media, etc.).
In the general case, this task of defeating any dangerous "elementary" enemy object is reduced to the destruction (damage) of the material part (technical means) and / or disabling (permanently or for a certain time) the personnel carrying out the use of this tool. The proposed transition to a systematic, integrated application of a promising high-precision RAV in the framework of the network-centric concept of warfare will require clarification and specification of requirements for the degree and order of destruction of typical targets.
In conclusion, it should be noted that the creation of modern rocket forces and artillery, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation as a whole, in accordance with the principles of conducting reconnaissance-strike (fire) combat operations in a single information space, will require solving a multifactorial, interspecific and military-political problem (especially considering the proposed concept of tactical nuclear deterrence with the forces and means of radioactive substances and A), to which the leading specialists of the military-industrial complex, military theorists, state and military practice should be involved.
By joint efforts of all interested parties, it is necessary to develop a program for the gradual transition of the RAV system to new principles of building, developing and equipping all branches of the Armed Forces with promising weapon systems, complementing and, if necessary, correcting the existing national, federal, integrated target programs and LG. When implementing such a program, the coordination of activities of federal executive and military authorities, the defense industry, research organizations of the Ministry of Defense, the Academy of Sciences and higher education is important. The role of the scientific coordinator of such works could be assumed by the Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences.