Military Review

Labor market distortions

The modern labor market in Russia reveals a very tangible skew. This bias is connected with the fact that an increasing number of job seekers are looking for work in an area that, in one way or another, involves applying knowledge from the field of higher education. Many are actively responding to information about accountant vacancies in Novosibirsk and other cities of Russia, vacancies of economists, lawyers, and managers, but at the same time, the market segment that is associated with physical labor remains the loser. That is, the vacancies of electric welders, turners, carpenters, machine tools and many other similar specialties are far from being fully filled. The reason here is that in recent years in Russia the number of educational institutions that train representatives of working professions has significantly decreased, but the number of universities has increased.

Today in Russia there are more 7 million students enrolled in higher education. And most of these people are students of humanities. This leads the Russian economy to negative consequences.

In order to somehow cope with the shortage of workers, many managers are forced to take very slippery measures. These measures consist in the fact that illegal workers who come to Russia from the countries of the so-called neighboring countries in search of jobs are attracted to the enterprises. Such employees can pay less and not issue any social packages at all.

This situation leads to a further deterioration of the situation in the labor market. There is a dumping effect when even a Russian citizen who wants to find a job for a particular job is very difficult, as the employer prefers to work with illegal immigrants in order to save money. This situation clearly manifests itself in large Russian cities: Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg and a number of others.

To solve the problem of saturating the market with skilled workers, we cannot do without modernizing education. But not the modernization that is being talked about in the current Ministry of Education and Science, but about real modernization. It is necessary to explain to the younger generation that obtaining a higher education diploma cannot be an end in itself. It is necessary to promote training in working specialties, attracting all means for this.

It is necessary to equip training places with high-quality equipment that will help students and students to fully master the chosen profession.