Military Review

Japanese main battle tank Type 10

34
Type 10 is the most modern Japanese main battle tank (MBT). This machine was developed as a cheaper alternative to MBT Type 90 through a thorough modernization of the hull and chassis tank Type 74 and the installation of a tower of a new design on it. The prototype of the new tank was first shown to the public in 2008, and in 2010 it began deliveries to military units of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. It is reported that the cost of one tank is about 6,5 million dollars apiece. It is planned that over time, this combat vehicle will replace obsolete Type 74 tanks and qualitatively complement the Type 90 tank fleet.


The first show of the new tank took place on February 13 2008 of the year. A prototype of a promising MBT was shown to journalists in the city of Sagamihara at the research center of the Ministry of Defense of Japan. Tank Type 10 has absorbed the most modern achievements in the field of tank building in recent years and was created taking into account the experience of managing local conflicts of modern times. Work on this combat vehicle began in the early 2000-ies, and the individual structural elements were developed in the 90-ies of the last century. The developer and manufacturer of the machine is the company Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

Tank Type 10 is made according to the classical layout, its crew consists of 3-s people: driver-mechanic, located in the front of the hull, as well as gunner and commander of the car in the habitable tower. This tank is planned to be used in the mountainous regions of the country and in confined terrain. Presented in the city of Sagamihara tank has the following overall characteristics: length - 9,42 m. (With a cannon forward), width - 3,24 m., Height - 2,3 m. The combat weight of the machine is 44 tons, while weight Type 90 - about 50 tons (while Type 10 is shorter in length by 380 mm, in width by 160 mm). Both tanks have the same crew size and are equipped with automatic loaders. The main armament of the tank is an 120-mm smoothbore gun, paired with an 7,62-mm machine gun, and an 12,7-mm anti-aircraft gun can also be mounted on the tank.
Japanese main battle tank Type 10

In terms of its appearance, MBT Type 10 is close to such modern Western tanks as the Leopard 2A6 or М1А2 Abrams, however in terms of mass it is closer to the Russian main tanks. The new tank turned out to be quite mobile, it is able to reach speed on the highway to 70 km / h. Like its predecessors, the tank is equipped with a hydropneumatic suspension, which allows you to change the clearance of the car and tilt the tank on the right or left side. Also noteworthy is the reduction in the number of rollers - on the 5 on board (in comparison with the tank Type 90), while the supporting rollers are relatively rarely placed. In general, the appearance of the suspension Type 10 strongly resembles the Type 74.

The main armament of the Type 10 tank is the 120-mm smoothbore gun, which was created by Japan Steel Works (this company produces the 120-mm L44 cannon for the Type 90 tank under license from the German Rheinmetall). Also on the tank can be installed L55 gun or a new barrel length in 50 calibers. The tank is compatible with all standard NATO ammunition caliber 120-mm. In the stern tank niche is a new improved automatic loader (AZ). It is reported that the ammunition of the vehicle consists of 28 shots, 14 of them are in the AZ (tank type 90 ammunition 40 shots, 18 of them are in the AZ). The additional armament consists of an 7,62-mm machine gun paired with a cannon and an 12,7-mm anti-aircraft machine gun on the roof of the turret, which can be remotely controlled.

On the turret of the tank there is a panoramic day and night vision device for the tank commander, which can be easily integrated with the "new Basic Regimental Command & Control System". In comparison with the Type 90 tank, the tank commander's panoramic sight was raised and shifted to the right, which provides better observation and viewing conditions. The modern fire control system, mounted on the tank, allows you to fire at standing and moving targets. The tank is equipped with a navigation system and a digital battlefield control system.

The new Japanese tank has incorporated the most advanced developments in the field of creating tanks. In particular, the machine is equipped with the electronic system C4I - command, control, communications, computers, and (military) intelligence, which combines the capabilities of guidance, control, intelligence and communications. This system allows the automatic exchange of information between the tanks of one unit. According to the assurances of the representatives of the Ministry of Defense of Japan, installed on the tank, the SLA can effectively hit even small mobile targets. This function, along with a modern composite modular booking system, will allow the 10 Type tank to feel equally confident in battle with both armies armed with MBT and guerrilla forces weapons which are anti-tank grenade launchers. In Japan, the "anti-terrorism" potential of the machine is particularly emphasized, as well as its ability to withstand various varieties of the Russian RPG-7.

A great deal of attention was paid to protecting the tank from an RPG during its development. Type 10 is equipped with a ceramic modular composite armor, which is similar to the armor of a German tank Leopard 2A5. The use of a modular booking on the tank has significantly increased the protection of the sides in comparison with the MBT Type 90 and allows for the replacement of protection modules damaged by enemy fire in the field. During the transportation of the tank, additional armor modules can be removed, which makes it possible to reduce the mass of the combat vehicle to 40 tons. The standard combat weight of the tank is 44 tons, with the use of additional booking modules it can be increased to 48 tons. In addition, Type 10 is equipped with an automatic fire extinguishing system (PPO) and a collective protection system (ESD). On the turret of the tank are smoke grenade launchers, which are activated by a signal from the laser irradiation sensors.

The tank has high mobility, which ensures the use of a powerful diesel engine - 1200 hp, power density is 27 hp / t. The tank is equipped with a continuously variable transmission, which allows the car to reach speeds in 70 km / h both forward and backward. Using a hydropneumatic suspension, which allows you to change the clearance and tilt the hull of the tank, increases the permeability of the combat vehicle, and with a decrease in clearance allows to reduce the height and visibility of the tank. Also, this solution can increase the range of angles of the vertical guidance of the gun.

It is worth noting that if the new 10 Type 1989 type tank corresponds to the 90 Type tank adopted in XNUMX, in terms of the capabilities of the MSA and other installed electronic equipment, it must surpass it.

At one time, the main claim of the Japanese military to a tank of Type 90 was its very high cost - about 7,4 million dollars, which is 3 million dollars more than the cost of the American MBT Abrams. Also, they were not completely satisfied with its mass-dimensional characteristics, which prevented independent movement of tanks inside Japan and their free transportation by rail. Due to the relatively large mass of the tank Type 90 (50 tons), its movement on roads outside the island of Hokkaido was fraught with serious problems. Not all bridges could support the weight of this tank. According to the available statistics from 17, 920 bridges of Japan’s largest highways 84% can withstand weight up to 44 tons, 65% up to 50 tons and about 40% up to 65 tons (mass of modern Western MBT).

Based on this, when developing a new tank Type 10, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries listened to the wishes of the military and created a more compact and cheaper version of the tank. The 40-tonne Type 10 was created taking into account the restrictions imposed by Japanese transport legislation. It weighs less than Western MBT and is 10 tons lighter than its counterpart, Type 90. In accordance with Japanese laws that prohibit the use of heavy vehicles in certain areas of the country, the 90 Type could not be used outside of Hokkaido Island, with the exception of a number of training centers. At the same time, the new MBT Type 10 can be transported using the most common commercial trailers.

It is reported that from 2010 to 2012 the year the Japanese armed forces acquired 39 tanks Type 10. The first purchased Type 10 tanks entered service in an armored school in Fuji, and the first tank battalion, armed with new tanks, was formed in December 2012 in the city of Comacadcio. Military experts believe that, in the long term, the 10 Type tank can be launched onto the international arms market.

Information sources:
-http: //armor.kiev.ua/Tanks/Modern/Tank10/tkx.php
-http: //www.army-guide.com/eng/product4134.html
-http: //vpk.name/news/88553_yaponskie_tanki__tip_10_tip_90_i_perspektivnyii__tank_22.html
-http: //ru.wikipedia.org
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  1. PROXOR
    PROXOR April 24 2013 09: 31
    13
    Here is the correct and pragmatic approach.
  2. LaGlobal
    LaGlobal April 24 2013 09: 34
    +1
    After reading the article, I boldly draw conclusions!

    Japosh perfectly doing BT technology, electronics, maybe fellow robots smile , cars. But only we can do military equipment, so to speak, the best in the world! *
    And no matter what other gentlemen say, WE ARE BEST IN ANY EVENT!
    1. PROXOR
      PROXOR April 24 2013 09: 50
      +6
      Quote: LaGlobal
      After reading the article, I can safely conclude! Japosh perfectly doing BT technology, electronics, maybe robots, cars. But only we know how to make military equipment, so to speak, the best in the world! * And whatever other gentlemen would say, WE ARE BEST IN ANY EVENT!

      Who argues that we are the best. We are not waiting for Armata. But to drive the armature in local conflicts is just a pizzy. Therefore, for local conflicts, I think the T72 will be upgraded as the main machine. There the Syrians are fighting on them.
      1. LaGlobal
        LaGlobal April 24 2013 10: 58
        +2
        Quote: PROXOR
        for local conflicts, I think the main machine will be T72 modernized


        - think correctly, comrade PROXOR !!!
      2. patsantre
        patsantre April 24 2013 17: 35
        +2
        And what is wrong with its use in LANs?
        1. PROXOR
          PROXOR April 24 2013 17: 41
          -1
          Quote: patsantre
          And what is wrong with its use in LANs?

          Armata machine designed for opponents of approximately equal strength. With a clash with, for example, China or NATO. Neither an ultra-powerful gun, nor all these ultra-modern fillings are needed to knock out the majahideen. They need armor there. Active and passive. Which can easily be hung on the T72 and T90. Yet again. Leaving a damaged Armata for investigation striped would immediately reduce the state’s defense capability.
          1. Avenger711
            Avenger711 April 24 2013 18: 53
            -2
            You are very mistaken.
          2. patsantre
            patsantre April 25 2013 18: 54
            +1
            Do you know what a local war is? It can be not only with the Mujahideen. Even with the same amers, a local war can happen, without striking at each other's territory.
            1. PROXOR
              PROXOR April 26 2013 11: 34
              +1
              Quote: patsantre
              Do you know what a local war is? It can be not only with the Mujahideen. Even with the same amers, a local war can happen, without striking at each other's territory.

              Be realistic !!!!
              War with the stripes in the framework of a small conflict is impossible !!!! It will inevitably grow into the World. Stripes enter NATO, and there they enter the war all at once.
        2. beech
          beech April 24 2013 21: 13
          0
          unreasonably expensive
          1. patsantre
            patsantre April 25 2013 18: 55
            0
            But the fact that the lack of tank power will still have to be compensated for by something, and the losses will be greater, how about you? And what is more expensive?
      3. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 4 May 2013 11: 05
        0
        Quote: PROXOR
        Who argues that we are the best. We are not waiting for Armata. But to drive the armature in local conflicts is just a pizzy. Therefore, for local conflicts, I think the T72 will be upgraded as the main machine. There the Syrians are fighting on them.
        Strongly disagree with this opinion.
        Armata is created taking into account the accumulated experience, and recent experience is local conflicts, battles in the city. Therefore, it will certainly be better suited for all this + the crew in a separate armored capsule, which should not be a favorable development of events should increase the survival of the crew at times. Therefore, a new tank, and not a T-72, which was created for a completely different war, should participate in the showdown.
    2. Civil
      Civil April 24 2013 09: 50
      +2
      let in small batch and slowly. but their technique is pretty decent
    3. Rustiger
      Rustiger April 24 2013 09: 51
      +2
      And with whom are ippons going to fight?
      Who needs their handful of islands. Or again, drooling came to Manchuria, but now the Chinese are not like there 100 years ago.
      Yes, and the army would have them to start, and not self-defense forces, amers would allow.
      1. Odysseus
        Odysseus April 24 2013 12: 56
        0
        Quote: Rustiger
        And with whom are ippons going to fight?

        It's clear with whom. "Reference is made to an article by one Eiji Oishi, which reports that modern Japanese tanks are equipped with a laser defense system to blind Russian anti-tank missiles as part of a 'northern return strategy'
        So far, they are being stopped by the fact that Japan is a de facto colony of America, and for the United States, China is the main enemy now, so the key task now set for Japan is to counter China.
        1. SergeySK
          SergeySK April 25 2013 07: 15
          0
          Odysseus

          Our anti-tank missiles are looking back! How are they going to dazzle them ??

          This system is for detecting and blinding optical means (sights, panoramas, etc.) of observing the enemy!
    4. ATATA
      ATATA April 24 2013 14: 33
      +3
      Quote: LaGlobal
      After reading the article, I boldly draw conclusions!

      Sorry.
      Is it possible to substantiate your conclusion logically?
      What did you dislike about the Japanese Type 10?
    5. militarist63
      militarist63 14 July 2020 14: 56
      0
      That's right! good
  3. Alexey M
    Alexey M April 24 2013 09: 53
    +3
    Unfortunately, modern armored vehicles are not only strong armor and a powerful engine. There is also a lot, even a lot of electronics, but we have a problem with electronics.
  4. Kars
    Kars April 24 2013 10: 03
    +4
    an alternative to the MBT Type 90 through a thorough modernization of the hull and chassis of the Type 74 tank and the installation of a new tower on it


    how dubious it sounds, maybe the rinks are similar. and it’s not clear.

    It looks more like Type 90 has been simplified.
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled April 24 2013 10: 08
      +1
      Quote: Kars
      It looks more like Type 90 has been simplified.

      most likely it is. the price of $ 6,5 million for the modernized "Type 74" (albeit deeply) is not it too much?
  5. nagi
    nagi April 24 2013 10: 21
    +1
    It is rather strange for an island state that the Type 90 was generally adopted.
    In defense, they will also need mobility of armored divisions throughout the country, since they can land from any side. According to the article, it turns out that Type 90, more than half of the bridges will not pass.
    1. Akim
      Akim April 24 2013 10: 35
      +1
      Type 90 weighs 50-52 tons. This is not a monster. And one must understand that the probable threat to Japan was only the northwest. From China, North Korea and the USSR. So there is no need to build bastions around all the islands.
  6. Mohomax
    Mohomax April 24 2013 11: 58
    +3
    good tank fast moving protected
  7. bazilio
    bazilio April 24 2013 14: 21
    +3
    A good tank is modern, fashionable, youth)))
  8. gameover65
    gameover65 April 24 2013 14: 29
    0
    no matter how beautiful it was painted, but I do not believe in Japanese tank building.
    What is a tank building school? it’s the experience of tank building, it’s statistics where you got it, how and what damaged it, so the appearance and the internal layout are developed.
    maintainability in the field and much more. it is a kind of compilation of experience.
    But do you think Japan has experience in tank battles? that's just it, no and no trial)))
    in the world there are only two countries with experience in tank battles and, accordingly, with their own tank building schools. these are Russians and Germans. everything else the hat is full!
    1. Skuto
      Skuto April 25 2013 01: 29
      0
      Israel, completely fit and distinctive school.
    2. AlexxxNik
      AlexxxNik April 28 2013 10: 12
      0
      as I read that Mitsubishi also decided to do tanks, it immediately became easier, in the sense of easier, by Far Eastern standards, office, which undertook to do everything and everything, like the South Koreans and with the same quality
  9. heavytank
    heavytank April 24 2013 15: 59
    0
    here is a tank for you
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r April 24 2013 16: 37
      +1
      Did you draw it yourself? laughing
    2. Rustiger
      Rustiger April 24 2013 18: 38
      +1
      Quote: heavytank
      here is a tank for you


      Yeah nuuuu. ... ... In "Great Steppe" there may be a tank, but in our country a somewhat different "meaning" is put into the concept of "tank". winked
      Here is a TANK - laughing good fellow

      This is a tank
  10. Apollo
    Apollo April 24 2013 16: 16
    0
    here is a video of the tank, just nothing special, nor overcoming obstacles ............ lol like BMP
    Whatever you say about Russian tanks good

    1. andris_74
      andris_74 April 26 2013 00: 54
      0
      Do they have chtoli towers welded? Though standing still they would have moved if they were afraid that they would fall off on the go ...
  11. vdv81
    vdv81 April 24 2013 17: 16
    +1
    According to ideology, the tank turned out to be close to the family of Soviet diesel MBT T64, T72 - a crew of 3 people, an automatic loader, and most importantly in weight from 40 to 48 tons, depending on the configuration. All this for a thoughtful man, an important argument in the eternal polemic whose school of tank building is better than Soviet or Western. After all, the Japanese had the opportunity to use all the production technologies of western MBTs and did not get Leopard, but T 72 as an output. Therefore, in the niche of mass MBTs designed for use on various theater of warheads and requiring transportation on railways and roads and bridges with limited carrying capacity, it is impossible to create even on technical level of the 21st century (and T72 is the 60-70s of the last century), which are better or more revolutionary than T72. And for a specialist, the placement of the number of shots in the AZ will tell a lot, the T72 has 28 shots, the Japanese have only 14 ... Summarizing, we can conclude for the design created under severe restrictions on weight we got a beautiful tank that can compete with all recognized leaders. As for disputes, who is better, everything is determined by which TK the tank is created, and for which war. Our tanks and NATO were created for different TK, but when TK are close, the results are similar.
  12. Genady1976
    Genady1976 April 24 2013 18: 24
    +1
    Russian simple grenade launcher. good
  13. d_t_p
    d_t_p April 24 2013 19: 08
    14 th
    Here are the top 10 best tanks in the world:
    1) Abrams M1A2 Sep V2
    2) Leopard 2A6
    3) T-90 MS Tagil
    4) Merkava MK4
    5) Challenger 2
    6) Leclerc AMX56
    7) Type 99
    8) Type 10
    9) K1A1 Black Panther
    10) Type 90
    1. BruderV
      BruderV April 24 2013 22: 25
      +2
      Quote: d_t_p
      Here are the top 10 best tanks in the world:

      Soap tfu is healthy again. And this is according to whose version? Discovery? CNN? BBC? NIIPiMoZzhi?
  14. Prohor
    Prohor April 24 2013 22: 56
    0
    And what does the Japanese have on the left patch on the trunk?
    1. BruderV
      BruderV April 24 2013 23: 14
      0
      Quote: Prokhor
      And what does the Japanese have on the left patch on the trunk?

      Like everyone else, the sight alignment mirror.
  15. Lieutenant colonel
    Lieutenant colonel April 25 2013 06: 24
    +2
    Did the Japanese also come to the annular barrel ejector? It seems that on the L44 the ejector is shifted to the right of the bore axis line. According to the video, they turned out to be a very mobile "type". The dozer blade with such holes under the headlights smiled very much)))). Judging by the photo of the chassis - "type" is contraindicated in the Russian off-road.
    1. family tree
      family tree April 28 2013 23: 45
      +1
      Quote: Reserve lieutenant colonel
      Judging by the photo of the chassis - "type" is contraindicated in the Russian off-road.

      Judging by the chassis, with five road wheels, the Russian roads are contraindicated to him, even those that are paved in places.
  16. Nikolai N
    Nikolai N April 26 2013 02: 02
    +1
    Once Japan and computers could not do. And they had the same fleet when it wasn’t
    1. patsantre
      patsantre April 28 2013 23: 24
      -1
      Once upon a time no one knew how to do computers)
      1. NordOst16
        NordOst16 30 March 2016 22: 18
        0
        And someone still does not know how ...
  17. dmi32167
    dmi32167 April 30 2013 19: 23
    0
    video is super! I didn’t see our tanks SO traveling. Ours will not be able to. = (
    But seriously, are they putting a rear-view camera on our t-90s now? like korobas added reverse gears, still to see where you are going.