Military Review

"316" in the foothills of the Salang. Soviet tankers in Afghanistan

19
In order to paralyze life in the country, it is enough to cut communications. To prevent this from happening, strongholds were established along the vital highways of Afghanistan - they stood in the way of the rebels, bringing death to the roads. From October 1983 to April 1985, the commander tank T-62 with hull number 316, Sergeant Nikolai Lyabin served at one of these strongholds of the Khairaton-Kabul road. Which of the “Afghans” drivers have not heard of the Chirikar greenback? Her fame is notorious - shellings are here, attacks on convoys of vehicles were carried out especially often.


"316" in the foothills of the Salang. Soviet tankers in Afghanistan
T-62 at the checkpoint was subjected to a raid by the rebels. The tank has minor damage. The Republic of Afghanistan, the province of Parvan is the administrative center of Charikar, 1985 year (photo from the archive of the Duty club, Moscow)


The crew mastered military specialties in one of the training units of the tank forces, located in the Turkestan Military District, which trained specialists for a limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

War ... From the side, it seems like an uninterrupted chain of battles and victories, feats and losses. But in fact, the main feeling of war from the inside is hard work, exhausting with its monotony. Is the fifty-degree heat worth when the armor is like an oven wall, or does the tank fill the moist air of the slushy winter from which the overalls get wet, but every morning for a year and a half the crew took out their 316 from the stronghold and moved to the position on the highway - caponier dug on the sidelines.

Having approached it, the commander was in no hurry to put a tank there, but he took a metal rod-pin and began to carefully check: is there a mine here? Mines are now made in a plastic casing. Therefore, they cannot be detected by an ordinary mine detector. So we had to act by the antediluvian method of "scientific spear" in order to find the "Italians" - mines of Italian production. Mines could be delivered at night, because after passing the last column the tank returns from duty on the road to a strong point, and the caponier remains homeless.

One day, one of Sergeant Lyabin’s comrades-in-arms, having approached the caponier, jumped off to the ground. And immediately a strong explosion was heard - the friends could no longer help him ... After that, tankers without sappers were forbidden to inspect the caponiers themselves. But you will not carry sappers with you every time, the tank from the subunit that carried the escort drove into the caponier without being examined and was blown up. The other tank, which came to the rescue, began to pull out the injured, when suddenly another explosion occurred - the explosive device was set up so that the explosion would take place both at the entrance of the tank to the caponier and at the exit. Seriously wounded as a result were the company commander and tank commander. Mine warfare is one of the bitter routine of the life of tankers.

T-62, hanging over a precipice in the mountains near Faizabad. Republic of Afghanistan, Badakhshan Province, 1985 year. The picture was taken from the side of the helicopter (photo from the archive of the club "Debt", Moscow)


After inspecting the caponier, the crew of the 316 brought a tank into it and aimed the barrel at the “brilliant green” - the bushes adjacent to the road.

Throughout the war, our warriors and the formation of anti-government rebels, “spirits,” as they were called, studied each other’s tactics. And here, in the foothills of the Salang, the tank crews have perfectly studied the possible actions of the enemy. If our convoy is coming - wait for the shelling, if the Afghan is - seizing and stealing a car. Our drivers are moving along the road tightly, without breaking the column. Afghan ones are often divided, so the “spirit” entrenched somewhere along the road can suddenly turn up on a car’s footboard on a bend or turn, so that at the first opportunity, turn off the road into a “green” and benefit from the captured cargo.

The 62 T-316 with the tail number stood near such a path leading from the highway to the Zelenka, and was like a bone in the opponent's throat. It would seem - what is driving a car fifty meters (that is how much separated thickets from the highway), where the hijacker could already feel safe. But the crew of the tank had such training, such coherence in the work, that stopped such attempts literally with the first shot. Once for several months, tankers thwarted attempts to profit from the good of the road. And they did it so skillfully, so persistently, leaving no “chance” to the “spirits” that they literally begged - they sent an envoy with an offer of good “baksheesh” for the “customs to do good”. So that the tankers would not do anything special - they simply would have “missed”! Having received a categorical refusal, the "spirits" promised by all means to revenge the crew. And, perhaps, the will of the case, and perhaps, really fulfilled its threat, but soon the tank hit a mine ...

Driving along the bridge, the tank mechanic took the truck slightly to the right, passing a truck moving towards, “caught” a mine with its right caterpillar. The left caterpillar continued to rotate regularly, turning the tank to the right until it fell off the bridge with the barrel down. In the breech of the gun was already a shell - there was an explosion. What a miracle the whole ammunition, consisting of several dozen shells, did not detonate from the explosion, which very often happens, only the Lord God knows! Otherwise, only memories would remain about the tank and its crew ... By chance, everything went without a tragic outcome. The tank commander received a concussion, the loader was slightly wounded. And the driver got off easy.

The country sent 18 – 19-year-olds to the war, and how much in their deeds, along with the manifestation of courage, was childishness! So Sergeant Lyabin, having received a concussion, refused to go to the hospital, fearing that after treatment he might be sent for further service in another part. Of course, friendship, bonded with fire, is an incomparable military partnership - can this be scattered? Having rest up, the commander returned to the crew and continued to do military work.

Soviet tank T-62, shot down in battle with a direct hit from a grenade launcher. The Republic of Afghanistan, the province of Parvan is the administrative center of Charikar, 1985 year (photo from the archive of the Duty club, Moscow, Moscow)


One day, from a column of Afghan cars passing along a highway, suddenly a truck with a trailer was turned in the direction of "Zelenka". From the first shot the tank crews set it on fire. It turned out that the "spirits" were trying to steer the car with spark plugs for cars - the cargo for Afghanistan was almost priceless. Our guys felt sorry for such a load, and two tankers under fire from the enemy brought a tug to the trailer, and their commander covered them with a large-caliber DShK machine gun. I must say that, while behind the armor, tankers feel confident. The same machine gun is mounted on the turret, out of protection, and when you fire from it, you can hear the enemy bullets screaming, reflected by the turret ... For this episode, the crew of the tank was presented with government awards.

Short fight. But what is retold in a few words, can last real minutes in real time. All this is because the direct participants in the battle can not notice the little things, individual episodes, because they are busy. And everything flies by as one moment, this is called the “battle fever”. Imagine the limited space of the tank, the smoke in the turret from the work of the gun, the roar of shots, the roar of the engine, radio communications, perfected to the automatic movement of crew members ... After one of the battles, where after a massive attack, the rebels still managed to set fire to four Ural cars in a passing in the Salanga column, the sergeant only after the battle noticed that two grenades fired from a grenade launcher were hit at once in their tank. In such skill, one could feel the handwriting of mercenaries or foreign instructors with whom the tank crew already had to face.

In one of the “combat” exits, which was carried out not far from the notorious Panjshir Valley, all triplexes — observation devices — were disabled during the battle. Well-trained snipers tried to leave the tanks without "eyes". Oh, and the ensign, who is responsible for the material support of the tanks, cursed after returning to the base! By the way, when entering combat operations, tankers usually, perhaps from superstition, covered the tank numbers with nets - so that the "spirits" would not know their particular offender. Lyabin’s crew neglected this tradition - they never hid their 316 board number. Not afraid of death? No, of course, they were afraid, but they respected their professionalism and thus demonstrated self-confidence.

And death ... It is impossible, after all, to learn to perceive it in an ordinary way, especially when it concerns the closest friends. Sergeant Lyabin was of the same call with Sergey Shatsky, both were tank commanders carrying escort at outposts. One evening, after returning from the road to a strong point, they started a “demobilization” conversation at dinner - about the imminent dismissal, about how soon they would live at home ... And suddenly Sergei asked "if anything happens" to go to his parents, the girl who waited for him. Asked unexpectedly, as if something had a presentiment. At night, the tankmen were alarmed and ambushed - to block the bridge, on which they saw movement in night vision devices. Sergey was on patrol of the unit that was ambushed, and 316 received an order to cover the squad with a machine gun, settling down at the commanding altitude.

At three o'clock in the morning, an exchange of fire broke out on the bridge, and 316 began firing at the intended sector, cutting off the paths of retreat for the spirits. Soon, the skirmish subsided, and immediately the tanks sent there returned with the soldiers on armor. The soldiers dismally dispersed among the strongholds, pulling equipment off their feet, not asking anyone to smoke, without exchanging the words ... "Who?" Seemed to be a question in the air. It turned out - Sergey ... He walked in front of the group and, when the bridge was passed, Sergey left the young, unstarted fighter and decided to explore the area himself. He and the "spirits" noticed each other at the same time, at the same time they threw up their automata ... The human psyche is arranged in such a way that it cannot last for a long time in extreme tension. There was a need for detente - and the guys tried to find it in everything that was going on around good, they joked about each other for any reason, but, of course, the most important were two days a week, when the “postal” armored personnel carrier delivered letters from home.

... War will remain forever in them. And not only by the bitterness of losses, by the pain of past contusions and wounds, infectious oriental diseases. There is something in them that it is still not clear who was not in that war, which was raging at a time when the whole country, then a single power, lived a peaceful life.


The same T-62, destroyed by an internal explosion of ammunition. Front view (photo from the archive of the club "Debt", Moscow)
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  1. erased
    erased April 24 2013 09: 37 New
    18
    Ordinary guys became soldiers and carried out their duty with honor. For this they honor and glory!
    Then the USSR did not fight on its territory, but only on someone else's. What does superpower mean!
    1. Skuto
      Skuto April 24 2013 12: 21 New
      -3
      And what's so good about that? Star-striped just hate it.
      1. neri73-r
        neri73-r April 24 2013 15: 12 New
        13
        And you do not see the difference? In short, we carried civilization, and they (the Anglo-Saxons) chaos, we built schools, universities, factories, housing, agricultural enterprises, and they grow poppy and sell drugs AND EVERYTHING? Feel the difference? (with)
        1. erased
          erased April 24 2013 16: 04 New
          +7
          The fact is that it is always preferable to uphold the interests of the motherland on foreign territory. Ideally with the wrong hands. Without suffering casualties in the army.
          War on its territory is the worst option. We have already gone through this. No one forgot? We need to learn some lessons.
        2. Nayhas
          Nayhas April 24 2013 16: 56 New
          -7
          Something the Afghans were not happy with such a "civilization" as before the Czechs and Hungarians.
          1. erased
            erased April 24 2013 17: 01 New
            +8
            Do you like the civilization of the British, French and Amers?
            The first executed the sepoys, tying them to the vents of guns and killed Indians in thousands. The second in the colonies killed aborigines, robbed, raped.
            Still others ... poor lambs, the whole world groans from them.
            They are better than Russian pigs, right?
          2. Ratibor12
            Ratibor12 April 24 2013 18: 08 New
            +8
            "Something the Afghans were not happy with was such a" civilization "as before the Czechs and Hungarians."

            And the harsh Afghans wa-a-ashche are not welcome to anyone! However, years passed after the Taliban, Americans, etc. so many in their heads under turbaned enlightenment. After all, everything is known in comparison.
            One Mujahideen laughed: "When the Shuravi left, I killed three rams !!! And now if they had returned ... I would have killed ten !!!" crying
            Well, I hope that he is about sheep! lol
            As for the others, then:
            1) The Hungarian fascist rebellion of 1956. Magyarov was not always taken prisoner during World War II. For their cruelty. Take an interest in what the unfinished SS men did in Budapest. It is possible that after that you will become an ardent supporter of the atomic bombing of Hungary.
            2) An unsuccessful attempt to betray the Czechs in 1968. Well, everything is clear here. What to expect from a people who, without a fight, went under all the invaders. Again, give them the opportunity to earn extra money? Only not on the military orders of the Third Reich, but in the interests of NATO? No, really. It should have been tougher with them. It is foolish to persuade a mongrel not to bark and try to appease her. Hit it with a stick - it’s simpler and works flawlessly.
      2. APASUS
        APASUS April 24 2013 20: 15 New
        +4
        Quote: Skuto
        And what's so good about that? Star-striped just hate it.

        In Afghanistan, we built roads, schools, hospitals and what are Americans building ???
        The only thing that was built in Libya under the Americans - OIL PIPELINE !!!
        1. Skuto
          Skuto April 25 2013 01: 22 New
          0
          for me it is better to bring civilization to where it is in demand and where it is expected otherwise the Soviet boot is no better for the local Aboriginal than the American.
          Avatar remember? one also said there: we built roads, hospitals, schools for them ... like what else do they need?
          Afghanistan became a mistake where we were simply "divorced."
          1. APASUS
            APASUS April 25 2013 07: 13 New
            +2
            Quote: Skuto
            for me it’s better to bring civilization to where it is in demand and where it is waiting

            Now your help is awaited and it will be in demand in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan!
            Are you sure, dear author, that you will not be sent from there after your help, as it was just recently ?? Forgot how the Russian-speaking population fled from there ??
  2. Sirocco
    Sirocco April 24 2013 10: 19 New
    +8
    Thanks for the article, read with interest. As you look, there are so many stories about past feats and routines of former service. You can make films about such heroes, more recent wars. But apparently not fate, we should see at least one film created from the stories of eyewitnesses. It's a pity.
  3. Yazov
    Yazov April 24 2013 11: 36 New
    +9
    There are films about Agan, only about the convicts and their driving cops more. In ... ..heroes, of our time. As you turn on the box, except for the killings, the zone and the brave lads there is nothing to watch. Lived !!!
  4. super-vitek
    super-vitek April 24 2013 11: 39 New
    +7
    It’s a good article. It’s read between the lines, how the guys aged 18-19 were trained, what strength of mind, the will to win !!! Now you look, horror! Panties with a mother on their knees, a two-piece “pivandrika” and cheap show-offs !!! It’s disgusting and bitter! Yes there were people in our time, not like the current tribe !!! Glory to the heroes !!!
    1. iliq
      iliq April 24 2013 16: 31 New
      -6
      and cho, these are not the very ones that the pipes, flares and then jeans were worn? and a three-liter beer brewer, cigars and all other charms? with the Beatles, Scorpions, ABBA from the cassette / plate? with exactly the same cheap show-offs ... on which the "older generation" spit in the same way and told tales of "yes there were people in our time!"?
      or are the conscripts who arrived in Chechnya different from them?

      so do not la la la fairy tales.
      1. Ratibor12
        Ratibor12 April 24 2013 17: 43 New
        +4
        Quote: iliq
        and cho, these are not the very ones that the pipes, flares and then jeans were worn? and a three-liter beer brewer, cigars and all other charms? with the Beatles, Scorpions, ABBA from the cassette / plate? with exactly the same cheap show-offs ... on which the "older generation" spit in the same way and told tales of "Yes, there were people in our time!"? Or are the conscripts who arrived in Chechnya different from them?


        Oh! This bot turned on again. And after all, the sickly one does not understand that it is possible to defend the Homeland and use a pivaser with a cigar. Yes there! You can even wear jeans later! But only some protect the Motherland and the Beatles while listening, while others only the Beatles ... But nothing for the Motherland. no
        But here is the iliq-nick troll-bot, he only recognizes the beer. Oh! So this is the same citizen-lover-sit-while-playing-anthem! yes
        http://topwar.ru/27119-glava-stavropolya-otchital-kavkazca-sidevshego-vo-vremya-
        ispolneniya-gimna-rf-vstavat-nado.html # comment-id-1098333

        As he broadcast there: "... without documentation - people can do anything ...". Looks like the poor man is jealous of people. crying

        PS Turn on the hymn n-iliq-nick! And sit! SIDI! SIDI !!! fellow
      2. super-vitek
        super-vitek April 24 2013 19: 51 New
        +2
        I can’t disagree, there were also such people. But still there were more sportsmen from among them, physically strong and morally stable! Yes there was ideology, free pools and gyms, but you can’t drive current guys into free ones !!! Look at the Caucasian youth, You’ll see them strolling like that!? NO !!! And ours is nothing to say, unfortunately. But I hope that at least the TRP will be returned, and moreover, compulsory !!!
        1. iliq
          iliq April 24 2013 20: 56 New
          -3
          But all the same, there were more among them sportsmen of sportsmen, physically strong and morally stable!

          oh come on! Well, there were 3/1000 more athletes. but in physical terms I saw just the opposite - in the 90s they went down in height, the “average” became 1,85-1,90m, and moose became under 90 kg! I somehow went into my former habzai - fucked up, the bugs are twice as big as me, and 10 years younger bully

          Quote: super-vitek
          Yes, there was ideology, free pools and gyms, but you can’t drive current guys into free ones!

          wrong too. many are engaged, especially in the numerous sections of boxing, wrestling and all kinds of karate. gyms are not empty;)

          Quote: super-vitek
          Look at the youth of the Caucasus, you will see them walking like that!? NO!

          and then what comes of this youth? the education is poor, the “characterization” is even worse ... the only way is to serve in the army and go to the police at home. and look at the results of their labor - the same Dagestan. after all, the majority of those who served in the CA, in the Republic of Armenia live there - but there was no order, but there wasn’t, although in your opinion it should be just the opposite!

          Quote: super-vitek
          even if they would return the TRP, and moreover, necessarily-forced!

          and for what? look around - do you see 30+ men capable of passing the TRP rank? but 90% of them served in the army ...
          1. Patton5
            Patton5 April 24 2013 22: 24 New
            0
            It seems to me!!! It’s not correct how to try to belittle the feat of ordinary guys called up for urgency, officers, doctors who honorably did their duty to their homeland. These people are heroes, although they don’t feel it (State, that is, we must educate our children on their example !!! )
  5. Mohomax
    Mohomax April 24 2013 11: 41 New
    +1
    They became heroes
  6. ed65b
    ed65b April 24 2013 11: 48 New
    +1
    And how they fought !!!!
  7. Volkhov
    Volkhov April 24 2013 13: 15 New
    -10
    In the article, insanity is described as heroism - why leave the position, if it is clear that it will be mined - permanent posts are needed. The fight against "hijackings" by a tank gun must be continued in Moscow. Even if it is a hijacking, the owner is most likely in the cabin, and the Afghans need a car.
    The Syrians competently compete in comparison with the CA / RA - probably all the Masons escaped and took insanity with them.
    1. iliq
      iliq April 24 2013 16: 43 New
      -4
      Quote: Volkhov
      The Syrians competently compete in comparison with the CA / RA - probably all the Masons escaped and took insanity with them.

      Well, how are the Syrians competently fighting? After 2 years of guerrilla warfare, tanks were sometimes covered with infantry? or "invented" gratings against RPGs and homemade screens on the sides of tanks? so bytenka, it's been a dozen years on all the Internet, and the Red Army has been using it all since 1943 - assault groups with tanks for example. and the Berlin photos with the mesh screens, only the blind did not see ...
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov April 24 2013 17: 35 New
        -2
        They have a loss of 1: 10/15 compared to the militants - neither pturs with a thermal imager, landmines, or the flow of equipment from the Russian Federation and Ukraine after the overhaul help.
        The Russian army there would have been defeated in Grozny in a week.
    2. ebrd
      ebrd April 24 2013 20: 11 New
      +6
      Quote: Volkhov
      In the article, insanity is described as heroism - why leave the position, if it is clear that it will be mined - permanent posts are needed. The fight against "hijackings" by a tank gun must be continued in Moscow. Even if it is a hijacking, the owner is most likely in the cabin, and the Afghans need a car.
      The Syrians competently compete in comparison with the CA / RA - probably all the Masons escaped and took insanity with them.

      Insanity ... like heroism ... You are rudely trying to talk about something you do not understand. I am familiar with the places described --- I will try to explain. In the Jabal-Us-Saraj point (essentially the southern tip of the pass Salang) was housed 177MSP. From Jabal to Charikar on the highway about 25 km (I don’t remember exactly, many years have passed) Temporary military guard posts were located within direct visibility - 800-1000 m along the entire route between these points -task-to prevent shelling and attacks on advancing columns -total order of 30 posts. the ki (bmp btr) occupied temporary positions in the morning and returned to the PDP in the evening. Do you have any idea what it means to organize so many permanent posts? How to ensure crew safety - usually 3-5 people at night? near Charikarskaya ,, zelenka, where spirits like dogs uncut! Where to get people - besides combat protection there were a lot of other tasks - escorting convoys, exits to ,, combat, etc. And you are insanity ...
      1. Volkhov
        Volkhov April 24 2013 20: 40 New
        -4
        Why a tank at a permanent post is a dugout, around a thorn and a mine, an observer inside and a dog outside. Like the Armenians in Karabakh.
        Tanks are a reserve and escort. At the post there should be machine guns and a phone with a walkie-talkie for calling and adjusting artillery fire according to landmarks.
        If the guerrillas will attack the mines with mines, then they will need the Chinese population.
        From the age of 18, the army way of thinking scares me - in peacetime, nonsense is tolerable, but in war ...
        The guys from Afghanistan were in our hospital - about 15 people, and so no one saw the enemy - bombings, shelling of columns - these commanders did not insist on the necessary tactics and the number of soldiers under guard.
        1. Patton5
          Patton5 April 24 2013 22: 29 New
          0
          General no less soldier
      2. George
        George April 24 2013 21: 32 New
        +1
        Jabal Us Seraj?
        This is not about us. point our fighters joked:
        - I don’t remember Jabal, but the effort was for sure.
  8. Captain45
    Captain45 April 25 2013 22: 35 New
    0
    "The crew mastered the military specialties in one of the training units of the tank troops, located in the Turkestan military district, which trained specialists for the limited contingent of Soviet troops in Afghanistan."
    I had two friends from a technical school in the fall of 1983 who got into this training in Tejen in Turkmenistan and after studying in April 1984 in Afghanistan. They normally won back, even returned with medals, but they almost never remember about Afghanistan, about training, but different jokes , as they drove, about the rest is silent. At least 30 years have passed.