Military Review

Two fleets of the Iranian Navy

15
Two fleets of the Iranian Navy

The US Navy needs to develop two options for combating the Iranian Navy. The reason for this is largely because Iran has two fleetssignificantly different from each other. The "classical" Navy coexists with less modern, but more fanatical forces, representing the "branch" of the IRGC (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps - a personal army of clergymen holding the highest power in Iran). These two fleets are very differently equipped, trained and managed.





In the past thirty years, the Iranian Navy mainly consisted of their ships and ships of foreign construction and only recently became able to build their own ships. These ships are flawed, but they float, and their armament, as a rule, functions. Surface ships are small (1400-ton corvettes and 2200-ton frigates), and miniature submarines are very diverse. There are only a few samples of each type, and their construction is slow, so apparently the mistakes made in previous ships can be detected and corrected. At present, the only large surface ships at the disposal of Iran are three new corvette and frigate, three old English-built frigates (1540 tons each) and two American-built corvettes (1100 tons each). There are also about fifty small patrol boats, ten of which are armed with Chinese anti-ship missiles. In addition, there are a few dozen minesweepers, landing ships and support vessels. The most powerful force of the fleet are the three Russian submarines of the Kilo class. There are about fifty mini submarines, most of them Iranian built. The fleet has several thousand marines and about 20 aircraft and helicopters.



The "NIR CSIR" includes about the same number of people as the Navy (23, including the Marines and Marines aviation) and about 40 large missile and torpedo boats (with a displacement of 100-200 tons each), as well as almost a thousand small vessels, many of which are just boats with two outboard engines and machine gun mounts. The crews of these ships are about a dozen "guardsmen of the revolution" armed with machine guns, machine guns and RPGs. Some boats are equipped as kamikaze and carry only a crew of two or three suicide bombers, plus half a ton or a little more explosives. Anti-tank missile systems were seen on some of these boats. The Guards Fleet also has several helicopters and several thousand marines.



Information received from refugees and radio interception shows that the naval forces of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards are mostly intimidating (their boats often approach foreign ships and commercial ships) and suicide attacks. This worries Western naval commanders, since fanatics can be unpredictable and prone to extreme courage. It is not just about boats with suicide bombers, but also sea mines and combat swimmers (scuba divers, controlling small mines attached to ships and piercing the hull). On the other hand, the chances for fanatics to win in a decisive sea battle are very low, but these maniacs are very decisive, and they can sometimes get lucky.



The command of the Iranian Navy consists of officers with a more traditional worldview. Western ship commanders, as a rule, have good professional relationships with their Iranian counterparts, even when the Iranian Navy receives orders to "spoil life" for western ships. When the Iranian commander "receives an order," he will execute it, no matter how strange this order may be, but it will be apologetic (feeling guilty) in front of his foreign counterparts.



The Iranian Navy has fewer capabilities than the guards of the Islamic Revolution simply because it has fewer ships, and the existing ships are larger (easier to locate and sink). In the past decade, the naval forces mainly operate in the Indian Ocean and the Caspian Sea, while the guards of the Islamic revolution were responsible for the Persian Gulf and the protection of all Iranian oil facilities along the coast. In fact, the guards of the Islamic revolution pose a great threat to the Arab oil fields and tankers, because the Arabs and their Western allies have superiority in the air and, thus, are able to destroy the Iranian oil fields and tankers.



The Iranians hope to create as significant a threat to the sea as possible, even if this threat (in the form of kamikaze boats and missile boats covered by coastal anti-ship missiles) is short-lived. In a long war, any Iranian naval forces will quickly be defeated.
Originator:
http://www.strategypage.com/htmw/htworld/articles/20130415.aspx
15 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. awg75
    awg75 April 18 2013 08: 11 New
    +1
    on the sea, Iran has absolutely no chance --- except that the hope for mines .... the west will destroy the entire fleet in a few hours
    1. JonnyT
      JonnyT April 18 2013 08: 52 New
      +2
      Of course, they will destroy the Iranian fleet, but little remains of their naval grouping! Iran is actively working on anti-ship missiles; there are already adopted ones. TTX no one knows ..... clearly one Iranian Navy is very "spoil the mood" of NATO
    2. T-130
      T-130 April 18 2013 09: 13 New
      +4
      There are always chances, the question is price!
    3. Trailer
      Trailer April 18 2013 09: 29 New
      +3
      Quote: awg75
      Iran has absolutely no chance at sea


      Well, of course, not a single one:
      The Millennium Challenge 2002 was an imitation of the war with Iran, which was codenamed “reds” in the script and was an unknown enemy rogue state in the Middle East in the Persian Gulf. In addition to Iran, no other Persian Gulf country was suitable for the characteristics of the "Reds" and their armed forces with patrol boats and motorcycle units. The exercises were held for the simple reason that after the invasion of Iraq, Washington planned to attack Iran.
      Iran brought combat submarines to the Red Sea
      Add to blog



      The 2002 Millennium Challenge scenario began with the United States, code-named “blue,” issuing an ultimatum to Iran in the 2007 for one day for capitulation. The 2007 year in chronology corresponded to the American plans for an attack on Iran after the Israeli offensive on Lebanon in the 2006 year. According to the plans of the military, all this was to develop into a larger-scale war against Syria. However, the war against Lebanon did not go as planned, and the United States and Israel realized that if Hezbollah could challenge them in Lebanon, then a major war with Syria and Iran would be a disaster for them.

      According to the scenario of the exercises, Iran in response to American aggression launched a massive missile attack, which became a real shock for the United States, because its result was the destruction of 16 US naval ships - an aircraft carrier, ten cruisers and five landing ships. According to estimates, if this happened in a real theater of war, then on the first day after the start of the attack more than 20000 US troops would have died.

      Further, Iran would send its small patrol boats - the ones that seem pathetic and insignificant compared to the American aircraft carrier John K. Stennis and other large ships of the US Navy - and they would deal with the rest of the Pentagon’s naval forces in the Persian Gulf. The result could be the destruction and sinking of most of the ships of the US Fifth Fleet and the defeat of the United States. After the defeat of America, the war games began anew, but this time the "Reds" (Iran) had to act in the face of numerous obstacles and difficulties, and American troops were given the opportunity to triumphantly end these exercises. Such an outcome of the exercises allowed us to get away from the unpleasant fact that the USA would have been defeated in a real war with Iran in the Persian Gulf without the use of nuclear weapons.

      Therefore, if it comes to war in the Persian Gulf, or even in the Gulf of Oman, the impressive naval power of the United States will confront and impede both the military potential of Iran and geographic factors. Unable to operate in open waters, such as in the Indian or Pacific Ocean, the United States will have much less time to respond, and more importantly, they will not be able to fight, being at a safe (from a military point of view) distance. Thus, the entire arsenal of US defensive naval systems designed to fight in open waters from a safe distance in the Persian Gulf will not be applicable.
  2. svp67
    svp67 April 18 2013 08: 23 New
    +1
    Quote: awg75
    on the sea, Iran has absolutely no chance --- except that the hope of landmines ....


    I do not agree. There is a chance, albeit very small, but there is. The main thing here is to be able to use it correctly, but the fact that they have enough people for this is not necessary to doubt
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled April 18 2013 09: 05 New
      +5
      Iran’s Navy is not capable of resisting the US or British fleets, but they’ll do exactly what
      damage to the USS Cole destroyer from an explosive-filled motor boat

      Yes, and about the events of 1984-1987. (so-called tanker war) do not forget. moreover, from 340 ships damaged during this war, 187 were attacked using small missiles and grenade launchers ...
      1. T-130
        T-130 April 18 2013 09: 20 New
        +1
        It is possible to block the strait with mines and having anti-ship missiles and boats with suicide bombers, it is possible to prevent clearance for some time, given that you cut most of your minesweepers this will be a big problem. Mines can always be thrown into the sea even after a trawl!
  3. Captain Vrungel
    Captain Vrungel April 18 2013 08: 23 New
    +1
    States so constantly rattling weapons in the Persian Gulf and constantly threaten Iran. Iran is forced to create a defense force in the bay. They have enough speed boats. And only when it flies up close, you can determine that he is armed. That is life. Forcing overseas "friends" and "caring" neighbors.
  4. Canep
    Canep April 18 2013 08: 44 New
    +1
    They only need to mine the Strait of Hormuz at sea. And prevent it from being cleared.
    I think the mines are already inactive there.
  5. pinecone
    pinecone April 18 2013 09: 14 New
    +2
    "Less equipped fleet", "the Navy as a whole is stationed on shores of the Indian Ocean and the Caspian Sea "...

    Still, you should be more careful with the text.
    1. Professor
      April 18 2013 09: 48 New
      +4
      Still, you should be more careful with the text.

      Accepted, correct. (Well, I'm a techie, not a philologist request )
  6. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 April 18 2013 10: 01 New
    +3
    The doctrine of the "mosquito fleet" has been brought to a possible absolute in Iran. But alas, he is good in the coastal zone for hit-and-run stocks. However, with its proper use, it will cause a lot of trouble to the enemy, but it is unlikely to affect the result of armed opposition at sea. And here Iran will lose the United States and its allies outright ...
  7. Genoezec
    Genoezec April 18 2013 13: 49 New
    0
    У Ирана,однако,не слабый флот,посмотрите: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%92%D0%BE%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE-%D0%BC%D0%BE%D
    1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5_%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D1%8B_%D0%98%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BD%D
    0% B0
  8. xomaNN
    xomaNN April 18 2013 19: 01 New
    +1
    Interesting = shahid approach to the boat fleet :)) Maybe this also stops ami. Navy from more serious pressure on Iran.
  9. darksoul
    darksoul April 18 2013 19: 52 New
    0
    such a number of small boats .... with fanatics on board .... will there be a second pearl harbor for the Americans ... wait and see
  10. mojohed
    mojohed April 19 2013 06: 52 New
    +2
    When, in World War I, the British and French, using absolute superiority at sea, tried to seize the same Dardanelles, they launched a naval operation, but the Turks mined the entire strait and operated artillery units on the shores, maneuvering them and firing at minesweepers of allies and dreadnought with armadillos. I will not mention the failures of the land part of this operation, but with all the strength of the fleet, and with all the weakness of the Turks at sea, the Allies could not do anything with the Turkish Navy and the Strait. No military power is absolute. an aircraft carrier attacked even by an old missile, which by performance characteristics is already worthless, can sink, because cover vessels can be distracted from the AUG air defense, well, the submarines will not be able to protect the ships from underwater missile torpedoes, and if the NATO aug mass attack attack kamikaze boats with explosives, then put out the light. You won’t drown everyone at once. Moreover, on the borders of neighboring states with Iran and Syria, NATO military bases have been deployed, and they certainly will not remain alone. In general, the mess can become fatal for the WEST and lead to the loss of its power. which, as in 41, when attacking Pearl Harbor, could lead to the victory of the NATO allies at all costs, which they fear.