Military Review

Spiritual and moral guidelines reform

30
The people and the army need a genuine история Fatherland


Recent events have extremely aggravated the problem of military reform. It is proven at a high price that the strength of the army is not in its size, but in quality: in the professionalism of the soldiers, the art of leadership, the level of armaments and the morale of the troops. The achievement of a high level of these indicators should be ensured by the reform, the need for which is recognized both in the authorities and in society. But not everything depends on intentions.

There are objectively existing laws and trends in the development of military affairs. They can be ignored for the time being, but ultimately it is to them that the decisive word in the historical process belongs. For their knowledge, there is science, only on the basis of which effective practical activity is possible. In this case, we are talking about the military science complex, among which the role of military history science is great.

Components of success

Military reform involves a significant change in the military system of the state, including the military-political, military-economic, military-legal, military-technical, military-social and military spheres proper. In each of them, transformations are being carried out, for all their independence and specificity, united by a common plan and time frame. Thus, military reform is a complex of fundamental changes leading to a new qualitative state of the army and fleet, like the entire military organization of the country, coupled with the military needs and economic capabilities of the state.

Spiritual and moral guidelines reform

Each reform is unique. But there are some general patterns.

First, the modernization of the military mechanism is doomed to success only if it is systemic. That is, it modifies all the components of a military organism, the conditions of its functioning - the economy, science, technology, and personnel training.

Secondly, any, all the more radical reform is doomed to failure, if it ignores the national specifics of the state, is not connected with its historical roots, does not take into account the military-historical experience accumulated over the centuries. There is an old Russian proverb: “If you look into the past, if you lose the eye, you forget the past, you lose both.” Alexander Herzen, the great Russian thinker of the XIX century, reiterated and emphasized this idea, noting that “by achieving a better understanding of the past, we clarify the present, gazing deeper into the meaning of the past, we discuss the meaning of the future, looking back, we move forward.”

In Russia, there is a long and rich tradition of research in the field of national military history. This tradition was born in the first quarter of the 18th century, when Peter the Great and his “chicks” gathered on the morning of every Saturday to write the history of the Great Northern War. Up to the second half of the last century, there were only a few people who inherited and followed the traditions of the great transformer, such as A. I. Mikhailovsky-Danilevsky, M. I. Bogdanovich, D. A. Milyutin. However, with the advent of the era of reform and the creation of the General Staff Academy, entire schools replaced individual individuals. “Academic” and “Russian” trends in military historiography were born, combining an interest in the past with concern for the present and future of the Russian army.

Military history has gained recognition as an important means of shaping the theory, organization, and military art of the Red Army. In 1918, military researchers and historians began to create analytical historical works on world war, collecting lessons from recent combat experience. The conclusions of the authors of these works, combined with the combat experience of the Civil War, stimulated the development of a new military theory and laid the foundation for organizational changes. Much of what appeared then was a synthesis of the old and the new. Thus, in the middle and second half of the twenties, knowledge of military experts, such as A. A. Svechin, on the one hand, and young red commanders, such as V. K. Triandafillov, on the other, stimulated further searches, including strategy development and development. deep combat theory (operation).

Titanic work

Our military history science assigns a special chapter to the Great Patriotic War. It requires a deep understanding of its lessons, a synthesis of leadership experience. Modern historiography should give a balanced, objective assessment of the activities of the High Command in the first place.

For a long time purposefully created the myth that Stalin in the early days of the war was confused. This is a myth, and the Americans are well aware of this. They carefully study the management experience of Stalin and implement Stalinist ideas, especially after the events of 11 in September of 2001. In fact, it was in the first days of the war that Stalin did a titanic work to create an organizational and informational mechanism for Victory. The situation was the hardest. June 24 left Vilnius, June 28 - Minsk. June 30 fascists captured Lviv, July 1 - Riga.

Numerous documents recorded energetic actions of the chairman of the USSR SNK, aimed at mastering the situation, creating an effective management system. Stalin worked on 16 – 18 hours a day, the amount of work that was inhuman in scale and responsibility fell on his shoulders. June 23, on his initiative, creates the Supreme Command Headquarters. The working bodies of the Headquarters are the General Staff, the Office of People's Commissariat of Defense and the Navy. First, it was headed by Marshal Timoshenko, but already in August 1941, Stalin took full responsibility for himself and led the Stavka until the end of the war.

24 Jun. Stalin set about creating an information mechanism to support the Stakes. On his initiative, a joint resolution of the Central Committee of the Party and the Government "On the establishment and tasks of the Soviet Information Bureau" was adopted.

“It was a great happiness for Russia that during the years of difficult trials, it was headed by genius and unshakable commander J. V. Stalin,” said W. Churchill on December 21 on December 1959 in the House of Lords in a speech on the occasion of J. V. Stalin's 80. - He was an outstanding personality, imposing our cruel time of the period in which his life was spent ...

Stalin made the greatest impression on us. His influence on people was irresistible. When he entered the hall of the Yalta conference, we all stood up, as if on cue, and, strangely, for some reason kept our hands at the seams ...

He took Russia with a plow, and left it equipped with atomic weapons.

Not! Whatever may be said about Stalin, such history and peoples are not forgotten. ”

Moral guidelines

It is logical to refer to the historical past of our country. Since the percent of 80 in our history is a military one, it is she who is called upon to play a decisive role today in shaping the spiritual and moral values ​​of military service. No matter how distorted our history may be, the interest of every true patriot in the military glory of the Fatherland, the comprehension of the sources of its centuries-old age, continues unabated. This is easily explained: after all, military history is an important part of the national cultural heritage with its irreplaceable educational, educational, and educational functions. Contrary to this indisputable fact, it was eradicated from the educational process of civilian universities, the old teaching staff of military historians were lost, new ones are not prepared, there are no good books and full-fledged didactic material.

Our people and the army need a genuine, not distorted by opportunistic predilections, the military history of the country, the history of its army and navy. Today, we all need to re-create just such a story, contributing to the formation of healthy state patriotism, especially since the spiritual and moral guidelines that should be guided do not need to be invented - the Russian army and navy always had them in their richest practice. The Russian thinker I. A. Ilyin expressed this feature of our native army in the following words: “The army is the concentration of the strong-willed power of my state, the embodiment of the courage of my people; the organization of honor, dedication and service ... ”These values ​​only need to be reasonably brought into the minds and hearts of soldiers and sailors, young officers, corrected with democratic realities.

It is about the system of spiritual and moral criteria and at the same time about the simple norms of military service - honor, courage, duty, dignity, military fraternity, a feeling of elbow, love of the Fatherland, loyalty to the best military traditions.

The ideals of military service in the past were represented by the motto “For the Faith, the Tsar and the Fatherland”. The Fatherland and the belief in the greatness of Russia and its peoples with the intrinsic value of each person, each soldier, defender of the Fatherland, not excluding the return and some values ​​of religion, remain unshakable in this triad.

In general, the essence of the Russian military system is the predominance of spirit over matter. Its basics were as follows. In the field of the structure of the Armed Forces, originality (“We have little resemblance to other European nations” - Rumyantsev), the predominance of qualitative elements over quantitative ones (“Not many win” - Suvorov). In the field of education - religiosity and national pride (“We are Russian - God is with us!” - Suvorov), a conscious attitude to the matter (“Every soldier must understand his own maneuver”), showing initiative from below and encouraging this initiative from above (“A local judge better ... "). These covenants have yielded great fruits. They can be given in the future, being preserved for posterity by military history science.

So, the education of soldiers on the fundamental basis of national military history saves us from the need to invent artificially a new system of spiritual and moral values ​​of military service. They only need to be extracted from the centuries-old experience of the Russian army and supplemented with the values ​​that are being formed in the new social and political conditions of modern Russia. I will cite a number of specific proposals for reforming the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

The most important component of the military reform should be the upbringing, spiritual, moral and psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army. According to the experience of the old Russian army to introduce the institution of volunteers, to restore the institute of ensigns. Specialists for engineering positions to train, including in civilian higher and secondary educational institutions. This will provide cost savings and a higher level of special training for officers. Restore the financial and economic service of the Armed Forces. In 2008 – 2012, instead of a harmonious and well-functioning service, built on the principles of unity of command, financial bodies were created, with great difficulty solving assigned tasks.
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  1. FATEMOGAN
    FATEMOGAN April 17 2013 15: 37 New
    12
    And it would be nice to legislatively add one more testament of Peter:
    1. krasin
      krasin April 17 2013 16: 08 New
      +6
      The most important component of military reform should be the upbringing, spiritual and moral-psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army.

      Somehow ahead of the engine! First, at the count of thieves from defense, from officials, so that moral
      public policy was visible, and then education, spiritual and moral-psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army. If the state is thieves, and our fighters are brought up spiritually and morally, you prescribe yourself a kirdyk! Somehow this is not consistent !!! !!! Or yourself on the count, or the same fighters will put!
      1. FATEMOGAN
        FATEMOGAN April 17 2013 16: 22 New
        +1
        Quote: krasin
        The most important component of military reform should be the upbringing, spiritual and moral-psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army.

        Well, this is understandable, this is ideal, but the realities around us draw a little differently, without really repressive measures of the presumptuous thief, the reform wheel simply will not turn around, it will again become stuck in corruption dirt.
    2. Tambov we ...
      Tambov we ... April 17 2013 16: 11 New
      +6
      Was there a concept of meter under Peter? Arshin was. There was soot. Verst.
    3. SPACE
      SPACE April 17 2013 16: 15 New
      +2
      “Impunity gives birth to Lawlessness” by the movie “SWORD”
    4. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 17 2013 16: 19 New
      +7
      Why did Petrushu get dragged alongside Stalin? Petya was a fan of everything foreign, even put a foreign whore on the throne and swat so much around him that then all the kings could not dissipate, he instilled drunkenness and the Patriarchate abolished so as not to interfere with debauchery
      1. xan
        xan April 18 2013 22: 21 New
        +1
        Quote: Vadivak
        Why did Petrushu get dragged alongside Stalin? Petya was a fan of everything foreign, even put a foreign whore on the throne and swat so much around him that then all the kings could not dissipate, he instilled drunkenness and the Patriarchate abolished so as not to interfere with debauchery

        Anything else you know about Peter?
        Peter received a state that could not do anything with Crimea, but left the Russian Empire
        Well, in the course of course, something was drunk and something was fucked
  2. sibircat
    sibircat April 17 2013 15: 42 New
    0
    An article from the category of political studies for fighters. Blah blah blah.
  3. svp67
    svp67 April 17 2013 16: 13 New
    +4
    Specialists in engineering positions are trained, including in civilian higher and secondary educational institutions.


    It's no secret that many guys go "to the military department" in order to "escape" from military service and the quality of such specialists, namely as military ones, is very "lame". I think that this principle should be changed and, at state expense, the guys who have served urgent army, at their request and after passing the exams, for training in such higher educational institutions. Or leave the system as it is, but at the end of their studies, it is imperative to call such guys for half a year, for conscript service in the Armed Forces, and then let them decide for themselves whether to continue to serve further, already as a "sergeant" or "officer" or go to the "contract reserve" "...
  4. Tambov we ...
    Tambov we ... April 17 2013 16: 20 New
    +5
    Return to schools, universities - NVP, military departments. The media rhetoric about the greatness of Russia-Russia. To tell small children about heroes, but not about Batmen who never were. In cities, elements of visual agitation, and not advertising gaskets, etc. But this must be done not intrusively and without the hypertrophic fumes of the late USSR.
  5. Kolyan 2
    Kolyan 2 April 17 2013 16: 26 New
    +2
    And for about 10 years now, the word reform has terrified me, I immediately imagine a reduction in specialists, a bunch of checks and someone else to remove. According to experience, 2 years in retirement. And still the word reform in me causes a negative. And I would like to hear the changes that are really necessary and useful for our aircraft. Do not ask why I myself cannot offer them, even just like that, for the army I can’t, but for the battalion - this is not reform. hi
  6. Kolyan 2
    Kolyan 2 April 17 2013 16: 29 New
    +1
    Quote: FATEMOGAN
    And it would be nice to legislatively add one more testament of Peter:


    Your words, yes to God in the ears. good
  7. radio operator
    radio operator April 17 2013 16: 31 New
    +2
    Yes, if any reform will have a spiritual and moral foundation, there will be a reform.
    If not, let's get into another swamp.
  8. d.gksueyjd
    d.gksueyjd April 17 2013 16: 33 New
    +3
    Alas, the so-called reforms led to the complete debauchery of power. Reforming nothing is impossible - only a complete replacement of the powerful! But they don’t leave voluntarily, they need to be kicked out!
    1. does it
      does it April 17 2013 20: 09 New
      -3
      Quote: d.gksueyjd
      But they don’t leave voluntarily, they need to be kicked out!

      do you really propose a new year 1917 ..... only if this happens then it certainly will not end in good.
  9. Anti
    Anti April 17 2013 18: 55 New
    -2
    Quote: d.gksueyjd
    The most important component of military reform should be the upbringing, spiritual and moral-psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army.


    And also change Art. 59 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation on the military duty of a citizen to perform military service and defend the Fatherland, only Russians have the right, as there are no residents, everyone is on the reservation, they are second-class people. sad
    1. Murat 09
      Murat 09 April 17 2013 19: 51 New
      0
      Well, here's another cheer patriot. And when will we measure the skulls, huh, Fuhreneren ??? Or maybe you will come to us, to drive us into the reservation am
      1. Anti
        Anti April 17 2013 20: 11 New
        +1
        Think Murat, hot blood is out of place, wink go through my posts and then judge. I have been an internationalist since birth.

        Do you scare me with skulls ?? laughing
        1. Murat 09
          Murat 09 April 17 2013 20: 29 New
          0
          Quote: Anti
          as there are no residents, everyone is on the reservation, these are second-class people. sad

          I did not understand, it was a banter, or do you really think Caucasians are second-class people?
          And about the skulls, this is a subtle hint that does not violate the rules of the site laughing
          1. Anti
            Anti April 17 2013 20: 34 New
            +1
            Quote: Murat 09
            Quote: Anti
            as there are no residents, everyone is on the reservation, these are second-class people. sad

            I did not understand, it was a banter, or do you really think Caucasians are second-class people?
            And about the skulls, this is a subtle hint that does not violate the rules of the site laughing


            I myself am Russian-Caucasian wink
            http://topwar.ru/26178-trudnosti-prizyva-minoborony-vozvraschaet-v-armiyu-severo

            kavkazskuyu-molodezh.html # comment-id-1040979
            1. Murat 09
              Murat 09 April 17 2013 20: 50 New
              +2
              Sorry dear, I misunderstood drinks just reading this, the blood boiled, now I realized that it was a banter. I read your post, said well !!! Only in circles on the emoticon is our ayran, I do not drink alcohol laughing And I set a minus, excuse me.
              1. Anti
                Anti April 17 2013 21: 02 New
                +1
                All right dear drinks I'll take a little brandy laughing
  10. SEM
    SEM April 17 2013 19: 15 New
    +1
    Friends, my dear HERE, we are finally starting to think about the main thing and it’s not easy to think, but to take seriously that we have been cut off for so much time and thought that it was completely cut down our faith - !!! I BELIEVE IN GOD .... Thanks to her, we are always head and shoulders stronger than any of the most prepared aggressors with their legalization of same-sex marriages and other abominations ... only with her everything was always done both during the tsar and during the USSR it’s embarrassing to admit it (and they were afraid of everything) TIME, THE TIME has come !!! and the girlfriend’s death, but you doubt ??? then read the story ...............
    1. does it
      does it April 17 2013 20: 06 New
      0
      Quote: SEM
      I BELIEVE IN GOD .... Thanks to her, we at all times are head and shoulders stronger than any prepared aggressor

      the Gauls, led by Vercengetoring, thought so too ...
    2. dmb
      dmb April 17 2013 20: 14 New
      +4
      My friend, I doubt it. First, atheists love their Motherland and fight for it no worse than believers. Secondly, about "they were afraid of everything." For more than 20 years, there is no need to be afraid of what you so subtly hinted at. Thirdly, the pious "commanders" in the 1st Chechen war were not measured. Its result is nevertheless known. Moreover, the military component, and the political one, too, cannot be attributed to the Jews and atheists. And finally, war is becoming more and more technological process. and to master them, they need literacy, and not faith in God. You make two mistakes in one word. Therefore, I doubt it.
      1. Murat 09
        Murat 09 April 17 2013 20: 45 New
        0
        dmb, this is right that without faith even the most technological state is not a tenant in the short historical perspective. The example of the USSR, the second most powerful state on Earth, collapsed without a single shot, and Russia in the 90s was occupied by a people of democratic nationality, tricking the head of the Russian people with promises of sausages, freebies, pornography, etc. And the example of Islamic countries, where Khazaria did not win in any of them, and they did not renounce their Faith, and did not Westernize. Yes, their rulers sometimes obey the orders of the West, they are used by him, because the West is cunning and treacherous, but the majority of people live right, there is no mass drug addiction, prostitution, alcohol abuse, extinction, etc.
        And note that only Muslims oppose the West, the Taliban, the Sunnis of Iraq, the rebels of Somalia, the Tuareg in Mali, etc. But let’s say the Europeanized atheistic basically Serbia surrendered, surrendered Milosevic, and now aspires to a geyropu.
        1. dmb
          dmb April 17 2013 21: 21 New
          +3
          Did I say that you can do without faith in general ?. Atheism is also a kind of faith, and people died for it. as well as believers for their beliefs. it’s just that faith in God does not need to replace the whole range of measures necessary for victory. The examples you provided do not convince for the following reasons. You are talking about the fall of a second country in the world. The first, as I understand it, is the United States. So sausages, freebies and pornography are not measured there, all this (including the gay people) was there before. With yesterday, they somehow also didn’t. However, they have not collapsed to this day. About addiction; and that Afghanistan is no longer an Islamic state? Or are there cannabis problems in Pakistan? Let’s talk frankly. The northern part of the USSR before the bald-headed M.S. practically didn’t know addiction. More and more from port bent. The Caucasus and Central Asia were more exposed to this evil. But to compare the growth of drug addiction in the atheistic USSR with the current state of affairs is simply not serious. And this is despite the ativization of religious organizations of all faiths. So the matter is not faith, or rather, not only in it.
  11. knn54
    knn54 April 17 2013 20: 18 New
    +2
    1. He accepted Russia with a plow, and left it equipped with atomic weapons.
    In my opinion, I took it with a plow, but left it with a bomb ...
    2.Alexander Herzen, the great Russian thinker of the XIX century ...
    Intriguer and Russophobe A. Herzen does not belong among prominent figures of Russia.
    3. The most important component of military reform should be the upbringing, spiritual and moral-psychological hardening of the personnel of the Russian army.
    And the rule of law!
    4 ... the predominance of qualitative elements over quantitative ...
    ??
    And the article is weak - nothing, just a set of quotes and common truths.
  12. Alekseev
    Alekseev April 17 2013 20: 26 New
    +2
    The article is the essence of chatter, retelling of platitudes. Doctor! theory gives dubious (invented) speech of W. Churchill, without reliable primary sources. And he is a general, and an adviser, and a doctor ... Well, at least not the chieftain of the Great Army ...
    The main thing in the education process is not attention to the speeches of such "doctors", but in the triumph of law and justice in the real life of the troops. Unfortunately, this is not the case now. When a soldier, and even an officer, sees that the scoundrel has been severely punished, and the conscientious one is encouraged, he "shakes it on his mustache," that is, brought up. Here you are strengthened and the spirit, and examples from history are clear and useful.
  13. Anti
    Anti April 17 2013 20: 32 New
    0
    Quote: Murat 09
    Quote: Anti
    as there are no residents, everyone is on the reservation, these are second-class people. sad

    I did not understand, it was a banter, or do you really think Caucasians are second-class people?
    And about the skulls, this is a subtle hint that does not violate the rules of the site laughing


    I myself am Russian-Caucasian smile
    http://topwar.ru/26178-trudnosti-prizyva-minoborony-vozvraschaet-v-armiyu-severo

    kavkazskuyu-molodezh.html # comment-id-1040979
  14. d.gksueyjd
    d.gksueyjd April 17 2013 21: 54 New
    0
    Many do not understand that patriotic education is the most important factor in confronting the aggressor. I will not give examples of the Second World War, I will give an example of Afghanistan. England, the USSR, the USA, could not help but conquer, and not change the way of life of the Afghans. For them, their homeland, honor is not empty words. The USA is kept in AFgan because they do not impede the cultivation of poppies, but they will leave. You cannot defeat an Afghan, you can only kill him.
  15. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa April 17 2013 22: 20 New
    +4
    “Victory is ultimately determined by the state of mind of the masses who shed their blood on the battlefield” (Lenin).
    Reform involves a review of views on something and a change in its structural elements based on new views on the subject. Definition of goal setting, i.e. what I want to get as a result of the reform. I won’t talk about technology, science, strategy, operational art, tactics, structure of the armed forces, because it is a material sphere, it can be "felt". And whoever is better, he is the winner.
    What to do with human material? How to raise a true defender of the Fatherland?
    There are 2 ways: a) to exclude a person from the armed struggle, replacing him with robots (cyber);
    b) to educate an ideological fighter steadfast in spirit, psychologically resistant to transcendental combat loads. Work is being done in both directions.
    On the education of a fighter in modern conditions. The fighter must:
    - believe in yourself (professionalism, mor-psych stability, physical condition, ideological conviction, etc.);
    - believe in a comrade (combat coordination, common goals, ideals ...);
    - believe in the commander (his professionalism, authority, life position ...);
    - believe in the military and political leadership of the country (the authority of domestic and foreign policy, the fight against corruption, etc. ...);
    - believe in the cause of your country! (propaganda, information, education on history, love for one’s roots, etc.) ...
    I think in these areas and it is necessary to concentrate the efforts of commanders, officers, midshipmen and junior commanders, and the country's public.
  16. Old warrant officer
    Old warrant officer April 18 2013 00: 57 New
    +2
    I have been in the army since I was 93, not counting 2 years of military service in the 1986-88 CA. What reforms are everyone talking about? It may be that something is being reformed in the Arbat district, but judging by the distant parts, everything is sliding into one chatter. Yes, got a few new cars and that’s it. The reform should first of all go through the heads of military ranks. The army is not a bastard feeder. Until the very last soldier understands that the defense of his FATHERLAND is the protection of his near and dear ones, his families, way of life, nothing will come of it. In the meantime, we see how the bastards live in uniform with big stars and all kinds of bureaucrats - the desire to protect them is not particularly visible. In England, Prince Harry served in hot spots - say offhand something like that about our bureaucrats sons. They decided not to serve the motherland, but to go somewhere in the hill. The army has long become a workers and peasants, and this is very dangerous for today's Russia.
  17. 120352
    120352 April 18 2013 01: 26 New
    0
    The history of a large country is made up of small stories of individuals. And each person has something of his own, although it is inscribed in a certain common one. That is why the idea of ​​writing a "one for all" history textbook is doomed to failure. People there may simply not find themselves, but find, sorry, generalizing lies. And it cannot be spiritual and moral.