Military Review

They should have replaced “Shilka”

Polish ground forces are currently using ZSU-23-4, which today can not perform the task of covering the airspace of battalions and brigades on the march and in defense. Although most of them were upgraded to the level of the ZSU-23-4 "Biała", equipped with a new optical-infrared complex and 4 MANPADS "Grom" (modernized "Igla"). With new ammunition, the effective range of the artillery unit increased to 3 km. And the maximum missile launch range is 5,5 km. But the complex ceased to be all-weather, which reduced its combat effectiveness, which was conceived during modernization.

And as a result, in the self-propelled air defense installations there was a gap. In addition, in Russia information is provided on the rearmament of Poland, which is painfully perceived by society. Is it known that the Polish Air Force air defense systems are still equipped with the C-125 Pechora missile systems or C-57M guns that have been reflashed with 60 mm?

Therefore, the Polish military industry tried to reduce the gap in lagging with its eastern neighbors. Without purchasing foreign designs, they decided to combine what they themselves produced and what would help them reduce the backlog in the ground defense of the ground forces. In particular, a couple of Grom MANPADS were installed on the licensed ZU-23-2, and on the Kub systems - the American RIM-162 ESSM rocket.

In the same way, we decided to act with self-propelled anti-aircraft artillery.

In the fall of 2000, the PZA Loara (PZA - Przeciwlotniczy Zestaw Artyleryjski Antiaircraft Anti-Aircraft System) was launched for the first test. Tanks, and sea targets.

They should have replaced “Shilka”

The combination of technology was that the 35-mm Oerlikon GDF-005 was installed on the chassis of the PT-91 tank. It turned out some kind of ZSU "Cheetah".
Similar schemes are used in the Japanese "Type 86" and the Chinese PGZ-2000. The very same gun proved itself well and is used in many air defense complexes.

When modifying the chassis, the driver's position was changed (it was shifted to the left); the control system was improved (the levers were replaced with a steering wheel); an additional auxiliary unit was placed in the rear part of the body and the batteries were increased.

The monocoque tower is made of welded armored plates. Tower control: shoulder strap, vertical and horizontal mechanisms electrical / electronic. This allowed for a high angular speed of guidance. The mass of the turret, along with the stock of shells, the control system and the crew is 13 tons.

Inside the tower there are trays of ammunition and spare barrels.

The tower is equipped with equipment that allows you to capture and track targets that have a speed of up to 500 m / s. Two barrels of 35 mm caliber anti-aircraft guns make it possible to effectively hit targets at a distance of at least 4000. The guns will use FAPDS-T projectiles (a mixture of BOPS and RP of a projectile with increased ballistics) and APFSDS (BOPS). Electronic programming allows you to install remote undermining of elements. Inside the tower there are two crew members, the commander and the gunner-operator, the target is monitored via LCD monitors. Operations are duplicated.

The integrated tracking head radar Ericsson Microwave Systems Eagle provides target search in the millimeter range, the French infrared thermal cameras manufactured by SAGEM, the KTVD-1 television camera and the DL-1 laser rangefinder provide additional tracking channels. On the back side of the tower there is an AFAR antenna for the primary radar target identification of a station at a distance of 27 km. This radar scans vertically with the built-in "friend-foe" query and allows you to track simultaneously to 64 targets.

The frequency of updating information 1 seconds. (The antenna rotates at a speed of 60 rev / min). The radar has low power consumption, a small “departure” of side lobes of the radio waves and high resistance to active and passive interference.

Data processing is performed by NUR-22 "Izabela" and Łowcza-3К stations.

The advanced fire control system allows you to work even when the radar is off, which reduces the likelihood of anti-radar missiles. The ZSU can exchange information with other battery machines and control points and receive target designation even in “blind” mode.

Performance characteristics of PZA Loara:
Crew - 3
Combat Mass - kg 45 300
Body length - 6,67 m
Width- 3, 47 meter
Clearance - 0,47 m
Maximum speed - 60 km / year
Travel range - 450-500 km.
The ability to overcome obstacles:
Wall height - 0,8 m
fords depth (without preparation) - 1,2 m
Trench width - 2,8 m.
Engine: probably S - 1000; power: 735 kW (1000 hp).
Armament: 35mm KDA guns (35x228 mm), which are manufactured under license at the factory Stalowa Wola.

The first presentation of the ZSU was significant at the MSPO-2004 exhibition, and attracted the attention of foreign military attaches. According to the stated characteristics, it exceeded the ZSU "Cheetah"

At MSPO, 2006 was ready to sign a contract for the supply of the first PZA, but the military demanded further development.

Initially, they wanted to order 60 complexes (6 machines in the battery) However, successful tests of the Anders light tracked platform and the abandonment of the T (RT) series of tanks led to the decision that this ZSU would be built on the new Rydwan (Chariot) platform.

In the middle of summer 2012, a contract was signed between the Stalowa Wola plant and the Naval Academy for the supply of KDA towed kits, which should replace the ZU-23-2.


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  1. Evrepid
    Evrepid April 17 2013 10: 37
    An interesting informative article.
    Thank. I was sure up to this point that the state of the Polish Armed Forces is better.
    Well done, you need to keep your army in good shape.
  2. xmike
    xmike April 17 2013 10: 46
    Everything worthwhile was developed in the USSR
    1. mox
      mox April 17 2013 12: 43
      Electronic programming of a projectile in the barrel with the USSR has not been developed.

      The car is standing. Swiss trunks have proven themselves excellently. If the TTX RPK is still consistent with the declared ones, then there is a formidable enemy for our army aviation.
      1. smirnov
        smirnov April 17 2013 21: 50
        Wow, the Oerlikons were always at a good level.
  3. datur
    datur April 17 2013 11: 12
    pepelats from the category- I blinded him from what was !! belay ! oh, these psheks !!!! wassat laughing
  4. Flooding
    Flooding April 17 2013 11: 14
    We must pay tribute to the Poles. They have some vision for the future in terms of the development of the armed forces. I judge, of course, on the exhaust of the media, but it is precisely this opinion.
  5. Arct
    Arct April 17 2013 13: 19
    The circuit is beautiful, PR is on the level, but will remain according to the degree of implementation. Stupidly there is no money for implementation for yourself, and nobody will buy maid in Poland, not Soviet times ...
    1. Akim
      April 17 2013 16: 39
      Quote: Arkt
      and nobody will buy maid in Poland

      Buy. India, Central America.
  6. Kars
    Kars April 17 2013 13: 38
    I look better at Erlikon in the west ... nobody makes small-caliber guns. For how many years now they have been in operation, but they continue to be in demand.
    And yes, with a cheetah, family relationship is visible.
    1. mox
      mox April 17 2013 18: 57
      This is a Chinese PGZ-07.
    2. mox
      mox April 17 2013 19: 00
      This is Japanese Type 87 AAA
      1. forma2
        forma2 April 17 2013 20: 05
        the Polish platform Rydwan is very similar to the Japanese Type 87 AAA. Probably borrowed exulted. negative
        1. Akim
          April 17 2013 20: 20
          You are confused. the Chariot platform has not yet been created.
    3. mox
      mox April 17 2013 19: 04
      This is a Finnish ZSU ItPsv 90

      The trend, however. The only thing in common is the Erlinkon gun, everything else is local, and the base and PKK,
    4. smirnov
      smirnov April 17 2013 21: 52
      Interesting camouflage, just for what terrain?)))
  7. mojohed
    mojohed April 17 2013 14: 50
    Oerlikons are a quality weapon. Only now, without integrated SD with guns, such air defense systems did not go far from Shilok, although they were crammed with electronics.
    1. Akim
      April 17 2013 16: 42
      Quote: mojohed
      with guns, such air defense systems were not far from Shilok, although they were crammed with electronics.

      I will write about PZR a bit later
  8. 320423
    320423 April 17 2013 20: 28
    Dear author, I liked the article as a whole, but the second paragraph was so cut that I read it only the second time. You are generally someone my friend or bear of which you are of us again the global evil sculpt. Living in Kaliningrad, I don’t give a damn about what Poland is armed with, but the US missile defense system bothers me and to Poland it relates only to what is located there.
    1. Akim
      April 17 2013 20: 39
      I have a small opportunity to communicate with Polish officers. You would know what paranoia they have in relation to Russia. It's scary to retell. As for the attempts to rearm Poland and the notes in the Russian press, it is not a secret. Read the media. At least about "Anaconda 2012" Therefore, the Poles were wary of rearmament. Now their budget has grown a lot and they are doing it more openly.
      1. fatty
        fatty April 17 2013 20: 49
        Akim, yes, you spit on these, directly, say, wonderful-excluser
        but disgusting, disgusting, filthy little girls, kind words, not worthwhile.
      2. Black
        Black April 17 2013 22: 05
        Quote: Akim
        You would know what paranoia they have in relation to Russia.

        Their deep and devoted love for Russia does not change for centuries.
      3. Corsair
        Corsair April 18 2013 06: 53
        Quote: Akim
        I have little opportunity to communicate with Polish officers. You would know what paranoia they have in relation to Russia. Retelling is scary.
        Fear, a causeless animal, provokes paranoia, but it is treated ...
  9. Argon
    Argon April 17 2013 21: 46
    You still respect the desire of the pshek to have their own military-industrial complex. However, Panochka again (for the umpteenth time) confused the almshouse with the harem. In most NATO countries, the main link in providing air defense is aviation, which is not cheap. And with fighters from our neighbors it does not matter and the entire infrastructure of the Armed Forces is imprisoned. and everything that has been prepared for Poland by its new allies is the purchase of the Cheetah in the original. I think that the independent development of this level is beyond the power of the pan. The main aspect here is the coordination of the components, different manufacturers, which the Poles cannot do, how written "the military demanded to finalize." You can also recall the failed firing of the main Polish tank with a homebrew ACCS (the entire tank is a licensed copy of the T-72) in the emirates with 15 shots per 2000m of more than one hit. Well, they want to spend money, let them spend
  10. Andrey77
    Andrey77 April 19 2013 13: 47
    All is well, but Poland will not financially pull production. The case will end with the construction of 3-4 cars.
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