Military Review

The first successful tests of a thermonuclear spacecraft took place.

81
Researchers at the University of Washington and scientists from the Redmond-based aerospace company are currently building components for a thermonuclear rocket, which will allow astronauts from Earth to reach Mars in a matter of weeks, at speeds far exceeding those available to us.


The first successful tests of a thermonuclear spacecraft took place.


The current flight speeds of fuel rockets stretch the flight to Mars for four years, but the new fusion technology, which is now being tested by scientists from the University of Washington, promises to do it in the period from 30 to 90 days.

Laboratory tests of individual components were successful, and now the researchers plan to combine all the parts into one unit and conduct the final overall test.

“With the help of existing fuel rockets, it’s almost impossible for us to explore something more or less distant from Earth,” says project lead researcher, aeronautics and astronautics professor John Slow. "We hope to put at our disposal a much more powerful source of energy that can make interplanetary flights commonplace."

The project team has developed this technology using a special type of plasma enclosed in a magnetic trap. When a plasma under high pressure is compressed by a magnetic field, a nuclear reaction begins in it.

This process has successfully passed laboratory tests, and now scientists are planning to conduct the first full-scale tests of the system at the end of summer.


Thermonuclear rocket test chamber at the Plasma Dynamics Laboratory at the University of Washington, Redmond. The green vacuum chamber is surrounded by two super powerful magnets. Magnets are powered by capacitors through a variety of attached cables.


Powerful magnetic fields cause large metal rings surrounding the plasma cord to explode and then shrink to the point where the thermonuclear reaction begins. The process takes only a few microseconds, but this is enough to release heat and ionize the rings that form the shell around the plasma. The superheated ionized metal, in turn, is ejected from the rocket nozzle at a tremendous speed, forcing the rocket to move forward. Repeating the process at intervals of about 30 seconds is enough to move the spacecraft.

The study was funded by NASA in the hope that this technology will finally be able to replace us with rocket fuel and will allow us to build faster spacecraft than ever before. Scientists say that even the amount of plasma material the size of a grain, is equivalent to five liters of rocket fuel. This in turn makes it possible to reduce the size of the ship and its loading, making traveling in deep space much more cost-effective.
Originator:
http://gearmix.ru/archives/1370
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  1. Vanek
    Vanek April 17 2013 06: 41 New
    +9
    When a plasma under high pressure is compressed by a magnetic field, a nuclear reaction begins in it.

    And imagine (God forbid, of course) how this installation will explode. No, it's certainly interesting - inter-planetary flights. But none the less.

    I go out at night on the street (in the country), the sky without a cloudy, even count the stars. I look at the top and imagine what it is. Well, those same star wars (movies) - travels through galaxies. ......

    Hello to everyone. hi
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 17 2013 06: 53 New
      +1
      What is the practical meaning of flying to Mars, in addition to acquiring new technologies, during the construction of such starships here? A lifeless red planet, what good is it in Mars?
      1. Vanek
        Vanek April 17 2013 06: 58 New
        15
        Well, you understand, the wheel is also not immediately made. Those who invented the wheel probably also wondered - Why. But in the end we are in different cities and we communicate.

        All comes with experience. Today Mars - tomorrow ...
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt April 17 2013 07: 14 New
          -5
          Quote: Vanek
          Today Mars - tomorrow ...
          And after all, judging by the photo, some kind of apparatus has already been "bungled", it remains to attach wings and go ahead. They will torment themselves to swallow dust on this Mars. Because there is nothing there. To be there, just for the sake of staying is certainly worth it. I remember a fantastic novel. " A man without a face. "There everyone hunted for food with tremendous explosive power. When I read about grain instead of 5 liters of fuel, I immediately remembered.
          1. Vanek
            Vanek April 17 2013 07: 18 New
            +1
            Quote: Thunderbolt
            After all, there is nothing there


            Well, again, no fact. But what if! Of course I understand the pyramids on it, the face. All this can be attributed to erosion, wind, etc. But still, what if?
            1. ATATA
              ATATA April 17 2013 07: 52 New
              16
              Quote: Vanek
              Torment dust they swallow on this Mars

              Now, if our had done this, you would have clapped champagne corks.
              Well, is it really impossible to be objective?
              1. lewerlin53rus
                lewerlin53rus April 17 2013 08: 29 New
                15
                At the expense of corks from champagne, here captain Vrungel was the first.
            2. DimychDV
              DimychDV April 17 2013 08: 13 New
              15
              And vaasche. They found "Helium-3" on the Moon, so at least there it makes sense to establish flights. And on Mars they will find some "iron oxide-8". There is always something new to learn. Antarctica is nothing but ice, but it also moves science. You can, however, declare the year 1380, wind turbans and heap stones among the mountains, and grow poppies. For our supposedly century, there will be enough jihads ... By the way, ours also declassified an interplanetary ship on April 12. Maybe it's time to launch the "Catch and Overtake America" ​​program? We are fucking no stranger to ...
            3. Denis
              Denis April 17 2013 16: 59 New
              +3
              Quote: Vanek
              After all, there is nothing there

              With such thoughts is the same as sitting at home and not going out.
          2. TURAR
            TURAR April 17 2013 09: 12 New
            +4
            And what do you mean by your "After all there is nothing". Expansion is not inevitable land resources are limited. Under the current policy of humanists and liberals, the population will exceed 10 billion with the same resources. Anyone who will have the technologies for the development of resources, for example, helium 3 (on the moon with its shaft) will change the world.
          3. Andrey Yuryevich
            Andrey Yuryevich April 17 2013 09: 20 New
            +3
            you so categorically state how you personally visited Mars lol meanwhile, trusting the information that we are fed is not at all worth it ... we were fooled and fooled, though for fool seven locks ....
        2. Ezhaak
          Ezhaak April 17 2013 10: 28 New
          0
          Quote: Vanek
          All comes with experience. Today Mars - tomorrow ...

          Golden words and most importantly said on time.
          In the world, a huge number of people need water. However, NOBODY is puzzled by the goal of providing their fields with watering, filling their pots with drinking water.
          Likewise, NOBODY knows how to save people from floods. But everyone wants to Mars, Venus, or even further.
          Likewise, they foolishly pretend to be fighting "global warming." And it turns out that cars and motors are not to blame, but ruminants are to blame. They, you see, farts!
          And hello to all of me.
          1. Pimply
            Pimply April 17 2013 17: 01 New
            0
            Quote: Hedgehog
            However, NO ONE is puzzled by the goal of providing their fields with watering, filling their pots with drinking water.

            You will be surprised how many technologies currently exist only on this issue and how many people are working on it.
        3. Ghenxnumx
          Ghenxnumx April 17 2013 20: 34 New
          0
          This is true, but the title of the article "The first successful tests of a spacecraft with a thermonuclear engine took place" does not correspond to its content.
          Quote: The source http://gearmix.ru/archives/1370
          Laboratory testing of individual components went well and now the researchers plan combine all the parts into one whole ...

          From planning to the fact of testing - eternity.
          Our scientists on one of the sites said that they would come to the construction of such an engine by the end of 2020, and after all, our scientists are leading in the creation of rocket engines. I won’t be surprised if this time was stolen from us.

          With the same success, we can say that in the 3rd grade I tested rockets, since we started the tubes with hunting gunpowder, soldered and set fire to the other end)), and that is gunpowder, because one of the components of the powder engine of rockets bully
      2. dddym
        dddym April 17 2013 07: 48 New
        +3
        from Mars - fucked up. Starting from the intergalactic base, with ready untouched resources - ending with the base for the life of all mankind, when there is no other way.
        1. olegff68
          olegff68 April 17 2013 09: 32 New
          +3
          The main problem of Mars is not the absence of air and water, but the absence of a magnetic field, i.e. in the presence of hard cosmic radiation. And it has long been proven that the flight to Mars, if it ever becomes possible, alone can not afford one country in the world and will require the participation of most developed countries. (developed - in the sense of space technology)
      3. tronin.maxim
        tronin.maxim April 17 2013 08: 19 New
        +4
        Quote: Thunderbolt
        What is the practical meaning of flying to Mars, in addition to acquiring new technologies, in the process of building such starships here?

        The military from the Pentagon to figure out what to do with the sney! Create several spaceships and place in high Earth’s orbit + nuclear warheads = something like a space fleet. And Americans are definitely dreaming about it!
        1. Metlik
          Metlik April 17 2013 10: 58 New
          0
          Absolute for sure. A rocket carrier in orbit will replace 10-20 underwater ones. And no protection - the distance from orbit is 10 times less. Plus, everything is visible on a silver platter.
          I feel sick when our leaders say that they are for space without weapons.
          Naive idealists.
          And you can also attach such an engine to an asteroid and slightly adjust the direction. Well, a meteorite fell on Chelyabinsk, what have we to do with it?
      4. kostyan77708
        kostyan77708 April 17 2013 08: 22 New
        +2
        but what about the metals, which are not so many on the earth, but we don’t have any at all, we can have minerals of any kind, so we need to work more actively in this direction and we should work to get there first and say as in the photo )))
      5. silver_roman
        silver_roman April 17 2013 11: 11 New
        +5
        Well, firstly, the banal development of technology, but in general the study of soil, the search for minerals and their extraction. Of course the task is super difficult, but what the hell is not joking!
        that and ultimately it's better. than investing loot in wars. better to develop space! Although Amer will try to catch it both there and there!
        1. YarSer88
          YarSer88 18 May 2018 11: 11 New
          +1
          I completely agree! If the money spent on the arms race was invested in space development, we would have long ago created a lunar base. By the way, space is no less a technological industry than weapons. However, "someone in some places sometimes doesn’t want to live peacefully," we have to spend resources on defense.
    2. Civil
      Civil April 17 2013 10: 56 New
      0
      reported that ours also designed something? but didn’t find anything in google except a nuclear power plant ....
      1. edge
        edge 14 May 2013 15: 35 New
        0
        Quote: Civil
        reported that ours also designed something?

        Something this unit looks like our TOKAMAK, they’ll bark that they themselves developed .....
        1. Cynic
          Cynic 14 May 2013 18: 18 New
          0
          Quote: hert
          something this unit looks a lot like our TOKAMAK

          Mmm
          Actually: Tokamak is TOroidal Spacecraftmeasure s MAugly Kacarcasses.

          In theory, _ this unit does not look like their stellarator

    3. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg April 17 2013 12: 25 New
      0
      Quote: Vanek
      And imagine (God forbid, of course) how this installation will explode. No it's of course


      Yes, it’s not very torn. Like a few dozen, maybe a hundred and two liters of rocket fuel. I think this is just an advertising move to call it all a thermonuclear engine.

      Yes, by the way, they told us about the jet chamber of the engine, but where is the power source itself? At the very least, a nuclear reactor must be put into orbit. It’s purely my opinion that for about fifty years they should twist and turn this engine until the orbital assembly shop is built.
      1. Sterkoder
        Sterkoder 28 January 2017 20: 27 New
        0
        I agree a nuclear reactor is needed as a powerful source of energy to create plasma. if not immediately assembled to send the reactor then but then for that and heavy class rocket launchers. hangar 5 is small but the energy was in the suit.
        1. Sterkoder
          Sterkoder 28 January 2017 20: 30 New
          0
          explosion generators are also available as triggers for starting the synthesis reaction in the plasmatron
    4. Vlad.by
      Vlad.by 27 June 2017 00: 23 New
      0
      I was embarrassed by the very statement of the problem. Did I understand correctly that the controlled thermonuclear fusion "by our overseas friends" has already been launched?
      And then we’re basting cabbage soup, we are building the most powerful tokomak, with foreign participation, by the way ...
      And they already have thermonuclear in vials, but the test tubes work, it turns out. They are already collecting a racket. Look how!
  2. nikolas 83
    nikolas 83 April 17 2013 06: 52 New
    0
    It is better to take off from orbit on rocket engines and to include thermonuclear ones in orbit for further flight. fellow
  3. mark1
    mark1 April 17 2013 06: 56 New
    +5
    It is not entirely clear what kind of fusion is. Usually a deuterium-tritium pair is used (other options are possible). What is the role of metal in a thermonuclear reaction? How is the problem of radioactive contamination solved? If you get a thermonuclear reactor, then this is a Nobel Prize, but probably this is some kind of plasma-electric engine. Well, in general, the article raises a lot of questions.
    And the title of the article is not correct - to the spacecraft even to Beijing on all fours.
    1. dddym
      dddym April 17 2013 07: 54 New
      0
      I will try to explain - iron is the end product of the combustion of a conventional thermonuclear poison. Heavier elements can be made, but so far this is not available by terrestrial technologies in principle.
      The engine principle is not important - just the power of such an engine is huge.
      1. mark1
        mark1 April 17 2013 08: 30 New
        +1
        Of course, I’m far from a great nuclear physicist, but the thermonuclear reaction is the synthesis of heavy atoms from lighter, if the final product is iron atoms. what are they synthesized from? For example, the deuterium-tritium reaction is the final product of helium. A reaction involving lithium is described, but I have not read about iron, this is something new.
        And not a thermonuclear reactor! It is more like an electro-plasma engine. It would be nice to listen to a real specialist.
        1. olegff68
          olegff68 April 17 2013 09: 19 New
          0
          Quote: mark1

          And not a thermonuclear reactor! It is more like an electro-plasma engine. It would be nice to listen to a real specialist.

          No one has succeeded in achieving controlled thermonuclear fusion in principle !!! The article describes an engine operating on the principles of ionization of matter - similar (less powerful) engines have been used in space for decades. Another question is that you need a nuclear reactor to power this device !!!
          1. Sterkoder
            Sterkoder 28 January 2017 20: 35 New
            0
            assembly into orbit, it is not possible to bring the reactor yet, but why not in parts? robots assemblers in perspective
        2. nickname 1 and 2
          nickname 1 and 2 April 17 2013 10: 04 New
          0
          Dielectric breakdown occurs, while plasma spraying occurs. If THIS plasma formation is to be driven into the "trunk", it will be compressed by the field! at the same time, as it were, the strength of the cotton grows by orders of magnitude.

          I understand that.
          But at the same time - where to get an electrician for the field?
          How to avoid plasma spraying on the "barrel"?
          on the "shutter"?
          How to get rid of the "currents" that will arise when the field collapses and grows?
          those. it is not a fact that problems can be solved quickly.


          About superconductivity we announced 20-25 years ago, and where is it?
    2. nickname 1 and 2
      nickname 1 and 2 April 17 2013 09: 25 New
      +1
      Quote: mark1
      And the title of the article is not correct - to the spacecraft even to Beijing on all fours.


      To the moon on all fours!
      Yes, and not the fact that this is useful. So - excrement, but in our spirits!
  4. UFO
    UFO April 17 2013 06: 57 New
    +1
    And we WHERE ???? what
    1. ATATA
      ATATA April 17 2013 07: 26 New
      +8
      Quote: UFO
      And we WHERE ????

      You can answer in one word, but it will be a mate.
      Yes, ours and once engaged in any kind of mura. You can’t buy real estate on Mars. Why does he need this Mars?
      Here on the earth it is necessary to cut the loot, a lot of cases.
      Quote: Vanek
      And imagine (God forbid of course) how this installation will explode
      And nothing more to say? Envy quieter.
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      What is the practical meaning of flying to Mars, in addition to acquiring new technologies, in the process of building such starships here?
      And what is the meaning of Gagarin's flight?
      When will our effective managers raise the pitchfork? request
      It is good that this news was not published on April 12th. belay
      1. Sterkoder
        Sterkoder 28 January 2017 20: 37 New
        0
        at first, more precisely
  5. Fox
    Fox April 17 2013 06: 57 New
    +3
    like the world war was not long ago, so where did the mattress covers get the new "Von Braun?"
    1. Hudo
      Hudo April 17 2013 07: 17 New
      +1
      Quote: Fox
      like the world war was not long ago, so where did the mattress covers get the new "Von Braun?"



      This is not von Braun, this is Münnhausen.
    2. ATATA
      ATATA April 17 2013 07: 23 New
      0
      Quote: Fox
      like world war was not long ago, so where did the mattress covers get the new "von Braun?"

      Do you think they are fools?
    3. svp67
      svp67 April 17 2013 07: 54 New
      +2
      Quote: Fox
      like the world war was not long ago, so where did the mattress covers get the new "Von Braun?"


      The USSR was very active in developing this topic and not without success, so I would not be surprised if this newly-born genius has a surname with "allied" roots.
    4. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich April 17 2013 09: 25 New
      +1
      and how many of them fell out of here? in one silicon valley of 100 leading scientists, 50 Russians!
  6. nikolas 83
    nikolas 83 April 17 2013 06: 57 New
    0
    I heard somewhere that our scientists are also developing a thermonuclear engine. It is interesting how much our progress has been made. The country that will be the first to make a successful model will receive a huge advantage in space exploration. Therefore, we should not be left behind. wink
    1. mark1
      mark1 April 17 2013 07: 03 New
      +9
      Ours are developing not a thermonuclear engine, but a nuclear power module of a megawatt class, so it can be the power source for all these "miracle engines". They swear that by 2017 they will make the first prototype.
  7. Nitarius
    Nitarius April 17 2013 06: 58 New
    0
    As far as I heard, we have experienced this for a long time! and successful!
    Amerians are trying to catch up here! It's a shame to know! Although who some question remains open!
  8. Barabama
    Barabama April 17 2013 07: 09 New
    10
    A fundamentally new ship is being created in Russia, ready for interplanetary flights

    http://www.itar-tass.com/c9/704505.html

    MOSCOW, April 12. / ITAR-TASS /. A fundamentally new spacecraft, ready for interplanetary flights, is being created in Russia, the head of the Federal Space Agency / Roscosmos / Vladimir Popovkin said today, on Cosmonautics Day, at the "Business Breakfast" in Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
    According to him, "the technical project of the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia has already been completed. Detailed design and the creation of experimental installations will begin soon. The deadline has not changed: in 2018, the first flight of the new spacecraft in an unmanned version should take place. But it will be a fundamentally new ship. ready for interplanetary flights. "
    However, a new manned spacecraft in itself is not yet a solution to the problem. "A promising manned transport system must be developed, including both a heavy carrier and various manned complexes," Popovkin is convinced.
    He also said that "a phased modification of the Soyuz manned spacecraft is underway. We have made a digital control system, modernized the rendezvous system. The next step is a life support system, a propulsion system."
    Taking into account possible interplanetary flights in Russia, for the first time, a "compact nuclear power plant with a capacity of 1000 kW with electric propulsion engines" is being created. "This is a megawatt-class facility. Its creation opens up completely different possibilities in space, allows a new look at the use of geostationary orbits," the head of Roscosmos explained. "For comparison: the solar panels of the ISS generate about 100 kW. But the station is in near-earth orbit. And when flying, for example, to Mars, the area of ​​solar panels would be required, comparable to a dozen football fields!"
    “A variant is possible,” said Popovkin, “that the engines will operate on pure xenon heated to a very high temperature. This will make it possible to obtain specific thrust 20 times higher than on chemical engines. The most important thing for us is how the module can be used with the following energetics: as part of interorbital tugs, multifunctional platforms and vehicles for interplanetary missions. There are no world analogues. "
    However, there are two problems: "what should be the reactor itself and what kind of cooling system. The unique cooling system is a drop method, which we have theoretically confirmed on Earth. I think next year we will do an experiment on the ISS, we will show that it is also in outer space. is real. "
    "We plan to make a prototype of a nuclear power plant of about 250 kW by 2018," Popovkin promised.
    1. djon3volta
      djon3volta April 17 2013 08: 32 New
      +3
      Rosatom and the Kurchatov Institute are working on a new generation of megawatt-class nuclear reactors for space, the so-called "thermonuclear batteries". This was stated by the head of Rosatom Sergei Kiriyenko at a press conference in ITAR-TASS, dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Kurchatov Institute.
    2. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich April 17 2013 09: 27 New
      +2
      if only it weren’t empty promises turned out to be ..
  9. nikolas 83
    nikolas 83 April 17 2013 07: 09 New
    +1
    If we have experienced it, then we need to bring it to life. You look so after 50 years we will fly into deep space. winked
    1. Nevsky
      Nevsky April 17 2013 10: 46 New
      0
      nikolas 83

      If only I could live up to this time .. crying
  10. Vanek
    Vanek April 17 2013 07: 24 New
    +2
    The green vacuum chamber is surrounded by two heavy-duty magnets. The magnets are powered by capacitors through many connected cables.

    Imagine how much this bastard weighs. How to bullet it into space?
    1. Gregazov
      Gregazov April 17 2013 10: 50 New
      +2
      To eat from the CAPACITOR before this, it must be powered by something. THOSE. installation will be even harder, dear colleague. In the 80s, near Astrakhan, the development of the Kyulsarin gas field was started. Extraction was complicated by the presence in the gas of a large percentage of sulfur, from which sulfuric acid was obtained (the end to all pipes plus exhaust emissions). For this reason, the field was not developed for a long time, until the gentlemen of the French loudly declared that they were able to do this and presented the results of laboratory tests. Our state hurried to use high technology. As a result, the sulfur gas cleaning plant began immediately after the opening. Sheep died in the steppe. At autopsy, their lungs were black. The people began to resent. To reduce the incidence of events, the amount of gas processed at the plant was halved (100% was taken for 50%), while the plant was recommended to work at around 80%.
      So successes in the laboratory are very far from translating them into reality.
      1. terp 50
        terp 50 April 17 2013 11: 54 New
        0
        ... it’s not him, in the late 80s they took to the air?
  11. Ragnarek
    Ragnarek April 17 2013 07: 26 New
    +4
    Again, the United States hangs noodles on the ears of the international community, as with the SDI option.
    1. Tersky
      Tersky April 17 2013 07: 46 New
      +3
      Quote: Ragnarek
      Again, the United States hangs noodles on the ears of the international community, as with the SDI option.

      Quote from the article
      The current flight speeds of fuel missiles stretch the flight to Mars for four years,
      belay ??? For the flight to Mars, it is supposed to use the time of the closest approach of the planets, the so-called Great Confrontation. It occurs once every 15-17 years, when the distance between Mars and the Earth is minimal, approximately 55-57 million km. In the last days of August 2003 there was a confrontation, which was even called the Greatest. The planets were located precisely at those points in their orbits when the distance between them was the minimum over the past 56 thousand years. This position of the Earth relative to Mars was used, and several automatic stations set off for the red planet.
      If we divide the distance between the planets during the Great Confrontation by the speed increment to reach the second cosmic 3,3 km / s (11,2-7,9), we get the flight time to Mars - about 7 months. However, it is impossible to fly in a straight line in space. The spacecraft is carried away by the inertial force of the Earth's rotation around the Sun, and therefore it flies in a highly elongated arc from the Earth's orbit to the Mars orbit. Since the Earth is "catching up" with Mars, it is necessary to fly out in advance so that the approach to it falls on the period of opposition. The flight in the opposite direction will follow the same pattern, only you need to fly off Mars in advance. Since the next confrontation will take place at a greater distance of the planets from each other (about 70 million km), then it will take longer to fly (about 9 months). Thus, the total duration of the flight of the expedition to Mars will take (7 + 9 + 17) = 33 months. In fairness, it should be noted that the real flight will be slightly different from the one presented above, and the flight time may be able to "win back" 2- 3 months. But even then, the flight to Mars will take 2,5 years. And where is four years here ???
      1. ATATA
        ATATA April 17 2013 07: 56 New
        0
        Quote: Tersky
        And where is four years here ???

        Your calculations were very long and complicated.
        I don’t understand one of them. Do you think the way back?
        1. Tersky
          Tersky April 17 2013 08: 46 New
          +1
          Quote: ATATA
          Do you think the way back?
          Yes, taking into account the return road, the speed increment, according to the result, should be 18 (!) Km / s, which modern spacecraft cannot do. Therefore, it is necessary to wait for the next planetary confrontation (26 months). This period includes a flight back to Earth (9 months) and, alas, the spacecraft in orbit around Mars (17 months).
        2. Sgt.
          Sgt. April 17 2013 08: 54 New
          0
          To return, you need to wait for the next rapprochement of Mars with the Earth, quite a bit, some 17 Earth years.
          Yes, comrades, just the Americans and their NASA, we need a Big project to cut the government bill. So how many NASA projects have already started, lots of bucks (dollars-world lacks or global rackets), and then you have to wait a bit when the media forget about him, and close the project, under the specious desire to save state funds.
          And if Russia joins the race, then it’s finally good for them (as happened with Buran).
          In short, two birds with one stone are killed, proven technology.
  12. Kair501
    Kair501 April 17 2013 07: 26 New
    +5
    It seems to me that this is just an advertisement, if a person creates a thermonuclear reactor and learns how to control plasma, then it will be a breakthrough in energy and space exploration and in armaments. our country (hunting what would be ours were the first as in 100) I would very much like to see a spaceship capable of flying outside the solar system in an acceptable amount of time
    1. Gregazov
      Gregazov April 17 2013 10: 57 New
      0
      It will be a MHD generator, which allows to obtain electricity with enormous efficiency, which will solve the hydrocarbon problem once and for all. But before its creation a little closer than when creating the first TOKOMAKOV
      1. Cynic
        Cynic April 17 2013 18: 19 New
        0
        Quote: GregAzov
        But before its creation a little closer than when creating the first TOKOMAKOV

        Mmm
        We somehow forget about the United States Stellarators.
        Ours went to the generators, and the States to the engines.
  13. engineer74
    engineer74 April 17 2013 07: 30 New
    11
    "When a plasma is compressed under high pressure by a magnetic field, a nuclear reaction begins in it."
    The energy source for the magnetic field is where? The energy of a thermonuclear reaction (mainly radiation) is converted into kinetic by what? Photon reflector? Well and further, than protect the design of the engine and crew from radiation?
    In general, all this resembles an April Fools' joke from popular mechanics, or a cheap PR laboratory. smile
    "The first successful tests of a spacecraft with a thermonuclear engine took place" Where is the ship itself ???
    1. w.ebdo.g
      w.ebdo.g April 17 2013 10: 42 New
      +4
      engineer74, completely agree with the April joke)))
      from a practical point of view, there is no relation to jet propulsion.
      it's just another development in an attempt to create a self-sustaining fusion reaction.
      and nothing more. have been doing this for 50 years))
      everything else is fiction and the incompetence of journalists ...
      I think so.
  14. VadimSt
    VadimSt April 17 2013 07: 32 New
    +1
    Well, ours are not asleep.

    The Russian project for the creation of a space transport and energy module based on a megawatt-class nuclear power plant. In 2010, the Russian president ordered its development. Everything should take nine years and 17 billion rubles. Developer - Ural Institute of Reactor Materials (IRM).

    Source - http://rg.ru/2013/04/10/reg-urfo/iadro.html
  15. Jurkovs
    Jurkovs April 17 2013 07: 40 New
    +6
    Nonsense. The thermonuclear reaction has not yet been launched; nothing happened on the international Tokomake in France. Many doubt the possibility of starting a reaction based on Tokomak (magnetic trap) and, in general, complete pessimism in this area.
  16. atesterev
    atesterev April 17 2013 07: 53 New
    +5
    “The powerful magnetic fields cause the large metal rings that surround the plasma filament to explode and then contract to the point where the fusion starts. The process takes only a few microseconds, but it’s enough to release heat and ionize the rings that form a shell around the plasma. "

    God, what a charm !!! This is either a machine translation or a complete dynamo.
  17. Averias
    Averias April 17 2013 07: 56 New
    +4
    At one time, we created a prototype of nuclear magnetic propellants (nuclear thruster), it was a breakthrough. The project collapsed, and sophisticated. Systematic documentation has disappeared, scientists have scattered who where. Scientists all over the world said that this project was ahead of time. NMDT could operate in the atmosphere without harming the environment.
    And what is described in the article looks like an incorrect translation, questions arise: I still don't understand what will act as a "working body"? About grains of iron is cool, laughed. It is written that, tests - SEPARATE COMPONENTS were successful, and in the picture we are shown the Test chamber of a rocket with a thermonuclear engine!?!?! Launching a rocket from Earth on such an engine - goodbye ecology. And what power should he develop? And the price is easier to put into orbit on conventional engines. And there they turn on the nuclear engine. One gets the impression that the United States again gives out wishful thinking. Looks haunted by the fact that we are doing the same work in this direction. Only here the principle of operation of our device is different from the American one.
    It’s another thing that killed me, I quote: Powerful magnetic fields cause the large metal rings surrounding the plasma cord to explode, and then shrink to the point at which the thermonuclear reaction begins.
    And then what, unclench and so on throughout the flight!?!?! For some reason I can hardly imagine how it looks. It seems that they took a scientific project and added excerpts from a fantastic work, which describes the principle of operation of an atomic engine.
  18. mogus
    mogus April 17 2013 07: 57 New
    +2
    Russia is working on
    nuclear engine
    for rockets A safe way to use nuclear energy in space has been invented in Russia, and work is underway to create a nuclear installation on its basis, said Academician Anatoly Koroteev, director general of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation Keldysh Research Center. “Now the institute is actively working in this direction in the great cooperation of the enterprises of Roscosmos and Rosatom. And I hope that we will get a positive effect here on time, ”A. Koroteev said at the annual“ Royal Readings ”at Bauman Moscow State Technical University on Tuesday. According to him, the Keldysh Center invented a scheme for the safe use of nuclear energy in outer space, which avoids emissions and works in a closed circuit, which makes the facility safe even in the event of a failure and its collapse to Earth. “This scheme significantly reduces the risk of using nuclear energy, especially since one of the fundamental points is the operation of this system in orbits above 800-1000 km. Then, in case of failure, the time of “flashing” is such that it makes it safe to return these elements to the Earth after a long period of time, ”the scientist specified. He added that the nuclear installation being created at the Keldysh Center would open up new opportunities for space exploration. A. Koroteyev said that earlier in the USSR spacecraft operating on nuclear energy were already used, but they were potentially dangerous for the Earth, and subsequently they had to be abandoned. “The USSR used nuclear energy in space. There were 34 spacecraft with nuclear energy in space, of which 32 were Soviet and two
    American, ”the academician recalled. According to him, the nuclear installation being developed in Russia will be facilitated through the use of a frameless cooling system, in which the cooler of the nuclear reactor will circulate.
    directly in outer space without a piping system.

    http://warfiles.ru/show-22786-rossiya-rabotaet-nad-yadernym-dvigatelem-dlya-rake
    t.html
    1. mogus
      mogus April 17 2013 08: 07 New
      +3
      http://www.freepatent.ru/patents/2397364

      THERMONUCLEAR
      ROCKET ENGINE
      AND WAY OF ITS WORK
      (RF patent No.
      2397364 )

      And the most offensive is that it is ours:
      Using plasma to obtain
      jet thrust Author (s): Svirsky Eduard Borisovich
      (RU)
      Veselovzorov Alexander
      Nikolaevich (RU),
      Pogorelov Alexander
      Alekseevich (RU) Patentee (s): FEDERAL
      STATE
      INSTITUTION RUSSIAN
      SCIENCE CENTER
      Kurchatov Institute (RU)
      1. Jurkovs
        Jurkovs April 17 2013 08: 12 New
        0
        The patent appeared during the general euphoria, everyone was sure that not today or tomorrow they would launch a thermonuclear reaction. The time has passed, the super-powerful Tokomaki was built, but the thermo-poison is not there.
  19. max-02215
    max-02215 April 17 2013 08: 04 New
    +2
    You look from where it is reprinted. It is clear that science does not stand still, new developments are underway. I really hope that our science is very pissed off, remember, we learned about Buran only at the start .... Well, the Americans always did a good face and scared us. By the way, if you hadn’t drowned the World and weren’t led to the ISS, surely the amers would not have entered into orbit b. As for the automatic devices, yes they are ahead. In general, if it was possible to trust them, then in space it would be possible to achieve a lot, but categorically it is impossible to trust them - the country of menagers
  20. magadanets
    magadanets April 17 2013 08: 07 New
    +2
    If so smart, why do they use shale gas?
  21. magadanets
    magadanets April 17 2013 08: 35 New
    +3
    Justify the minus to me. The controlled thermonuclear reaction is a revolution in science. It will be better than the invention of the wheel. The news is more like a duck
    1. w.ebdo.g
      w.ebdo.g April 17 2013 10: 45 New
      +1
      news - April joke)))
      their humor lasted for the whole of April ...
  22. Aristarch
    Aristarch April 17 2013 08: 42 New
    0
    It turns out not weak shocks every 30 seconds.))
    1. Midshipman
      Midshipman April 17 2013 09: 16 New
      +2
      every 30 seconds with a sledgehammer on} | {ope))))
  23. yanus
    yanus April 17 2013 08: 54 New
    +4
    Thermonuclear reactions have become controllable? Where to send the nobel?
  24. Midshipman
    Midshipman April 17 2013 09: 15 New
    +4
    A stable thermonuclear reaction, even in the laboratory, cannot be obtained, and they have already gathered on Mars. Article minus.
    1. w.ebdo.g
      w.ebdo.g April 17 2013 10: 46 New
      +2
      I support a minus article ...
  25. Igarr
    Igarr April 17 2013 09: 44 New
    +3
    Well, they wrote nonsense.
    Here is the article.
    Exploding metal rings .. are compressed to a point ... ionized metal creates traction.
    I guess there was a mechanical translator? not even electronic, I suspect.
    Nonsense and full of crap.
    Where will they store so many metal rings to even start from Earth? Or is it the Galactic (Shushpanzer, oh) Cruiser Babylon-5, which can only fly (your mother) in the intergalactic void?
    And how on it ... we deliver metal rings?
    ....
    Soviet cosmonautics ALREADY used ion engines. Let the thrusters, but used.
    Here, the remarks above - again we have successes.
    And this ... nonsense ... advertising. I feel Chubais was there next to them.
    1. yanus
      yanus April 17 2013 11: 46 New
      0
      Quote: Igarr
      The cruiser Babylon 5, which (your mother) can only fly in the intergalactic void?

      Learn the mathematical part:
      1. Babylon 5 is not a cruiser, but a station. Actually there are no tama engines.
      2. The "intergalactic void" is not empty, there are shadows. Empty only in subspace.
      1. Igarr
        Igarr April 17 2013 14: 04 New
        0
        Ahhhhhh ....
        Yavol, Yavol, Mayne gruppen .. Janus.
        But what about ... the written-down "Ghosts" in the Strugatskys' superspace?
        Do not bump, no?
  26. zambo
    zambo April 17 2013 10: 07 New
    +2
    In any case, investing in this is better than improving "all sorts of iPhones and iPads."
  27. sens17
    sens17 April 17 2013 10: 12 New
    +2
    Delusional article.

    Emnip, magnetic fields are needed only to hold this high-temperature bunch, since not a single material can withstand this temperature. Magnetic fields have no relation to the reaction itself.

    By the way, in the mid-80s, our scientists said that with a high probability over the next 15-20 years, a thermonuclear reactor will work for them. But it did not work out.
  28. Kars
    Kars April 17 2013 10: 54 New
    11
    Well, when, when already))))
    1. postman
      postman April 17 2013 13: 07 New
      +3
      Quote: Kars
      Well, when, when already))))


      YOU WILL NOT GET IT!!!!

      Last December, The American people demanded that their government build a real Death Star from Star Wars by 2016.

      https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/secure-resources-and-funding-and-begin
      -construction-death-star-2016 / wlfKzFkN


      The petition in which this requirement was presented, signed by more than 34 people (American citizens). So, we have bad news, friends. The petition nevertheless got to the administration of the US president, and on January 15.01.2013, XNUMX the official website of the White House gave an equally official answer.



      The subject of the message is “This is not a petition to worry about.” This is the official statement by the authorities. In other words, the answer of the authorities was “no.”
      The administration gave reasons why the construction of the Death Star is not currently possible:
      1. The financial issue. The construction of the "Death Star" will cost the state in 850.000.000.000.000 (850 trillion) dollars.
      2. Material issue: For its construction it will take so much steelhow much all earthly industry can smelted in only 833315 years
      3. The meaning of construction. US Government and President Barack Obama believes that the destruction of the planets, and this is what the "Death Star" is for, is not the prerogative of the country.
      4. The presidential administration does not want to build such an expensive station that can be destroyed with just one spaceship.
      Bummer guys
  29. terp 50
    terp 50 April 17 2013 12: 23 New
    0
    ... and, from what will be e-mail. supply magnets, .. and, the skoka enta will weigh (in the sense of the mass of protection), .. and what they want to use in quality. fuel for R / D - "if the thing does not fall apart from its own weight" when leaving orbit or when entering orbit ... it will move from its place, maybe ..
  30. postman
    postman April 17 2013 13: 00 New
    +3
    [quote = Author] Held first successful trials spacecraft with a thermonuclear engine [/ Quote]
    What is the author, what http://gearmix.ru/ write crap and stupidity, even without thinking that they write nonsense
    1. Controlled thermonuclear reaction - GO! (and even for a compact spacecraft ????)
    2. The results of the work of the team from Washington were presented in March 2013 at the NASA Symposium of Innovation Concepts (NIAC).
    THERE ARE THE RESULTS:




    University of Washington, MSNW = Concept Image space ship



    and?????? and that’s it!
    For more information, contact Slough, tel: 425-319-5024, or email: [email protected] and at: http://www.washington.edu/news.
    ======================================
    COMPARE NERVA build phase

    The first project of this kind was launched in the USA in 1951; it was completed in 1971,
  31. jayich
    jayich April 17 2013 16: 11 New
    0
    people do not recall what kind of nuclear batteries stood on the nuclear beacons of the Northern Sea Route? can our develop this technology?
    1. postman
      postman April 17 2013 16: 26 New
      0
      Quote: jayich
      What kind of nuclear batteries stood on the nuclear lighthouses of the Northern Sea Route? m

      http://lifeglobe.net/media/entry/510/miak1_3.jpg
      RTG (radioisotope thermoelectric generator) - a source of electricity that uses the thermal energy of radioactive decay. Used as fuel for RTG strontium-90, and for high-energy generators - plutonium-238.

      The principle of their action is in the conversion of the thermal energy of the decay of highly active strontium into electricity. All RTGs available on the territory of Russia and the former republics of the USSR have worked out their term and must be disposed of.. Currently, RTGs scattered across deserted places pose a threat as easy prey for non-ferrous metal hunters and terrorists. Typically, metal hunters take off their metal shields and are exposed to a hot inner capsule with strontium, about 1000 x-rays per hour, leading to death.




      After the collapse of the USSR, the lighthouse worked for some time, until the supply of energy in the radioisotope power sources was exhausted.

      Almost everything that could have been stolen has been stolen from here. Power supplies, apparently afraid to touch. But the control equipment is no longer ...

      =======================
      Quote: jayich
      can our develop this technology?


      no, the idea is not ours. Yes and they will not be with such "good"
      US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL): developed a technology that will allow you to create a rechargeable battery for a laptop, whose operating time without recharging can reach 30 years (approx = beta decay, shelf life)!


      The principle of operation of betavoltaic batteries is based on the interaction of semiconductor materials and radioisotopes used as an energy source. Beta radiation resulting from the splitting of radioisotopes is converted into electricity.
    2. postman
      postman April 17 2013 16: 27 New
      +3
      Quote: jayich
      What kind of nuclear batteries stood on the nuclear lighthouses of the Northern Sea Route? m


      RTG (radioisotope thermoelectric generator) - a source of electricity that uses the thermal energy of radioactive decay. Used as fuel for RTG strontium-90, and for high-energy generators - plutonium-238.

      The principle of their action is in the conversion of the thermal energy of the decay of highly active strontium into electricity. All RTGs available on the territory of Russia and the former republics of the USSR have worked out their term and must be disposed of.. Currently, RTGs scattered across deserted places pose a threat as easy prey for non-ferrous metal hunters and terrorists. Typically, metal hunters take off their metal shields and are exposed to a hot inner capsule with strontium, about 1000 x-rays per hour, leading to death.




      After the collapse of the USSR, the lighthouse worked for some time, until the supply of energy in the radioisotope power sources was exhausted.

      Almost everything that could have been stolen has been stolen from here. Power supplies, apparently afraid to touch. But the control equipment is no longer ...

      =======================
      Quote: jayich
      can our develop this technology?


      no, the idea is not ours. Yes and they will not be with such "good"
      US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL): developed a technology that will allow you to create a rechargeable battery for a laptop, whose operating time without recharging can reach 30 years (approx = beta decay, shelf life)!


      The principle of operation of betavoltaic batteries is based on the interaction of semiconductor materials and radioisotopes used as an energy source. Beta radiation resulting from the splitting of radioisotopes is converted into electricity.
      1. postman
        postman April 17 2013 16: 32 New
        +2

        Kola Peninsula completely got rid of RTGs
        The project entitled “Replacing RTGs with alternative power sources at the lighthouses of the Northern Fleet Hydrographic Service on the coast of the Barents and White Seas in the territories of the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk Regions” has been implemented since 2000.

        “During this time, 153 RTGs were removed from the coast of the Barents and the White Seas, including 85 from the territory of the Murmansk region, 68 from the territory of the Arkhangelsk region. The exported RTGs contained about 20 million Curie of radioactive substances, ”the statement of the Government of the Murmansk Region, which assesses the implementation of the project as“ successful, ”says.

        All generators were delivered to the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Technical Physics and Automation (VNIITFA), where radioisotope heat sources are disassembled and removed, followed by their long-term storage at Mayak Production Center, Chelyabinsk Region.

        “It is good that such very dangerous radiation sources, such powerful sources of ionizing radiation, have been eliminated. Not one case is known when strangers got to RTGs and received significant doses of radiation,
  32. shinobi
    shinobi April 17 2013 19: 22 New
    +1
    A pulsed electric rocket engine is described. There is no thermonuclear reaction there. The idea was very closely researched in the late 60s and early 70s of the last century. It was rejected in the USSR in favor of plasma plants, by the Americans in favor of ionists. The verdict of both them and us almost literally coincided. " The view of the lack of compact and powerful sources of energy should be considered inexpedient. "The lab decided to see the dough. I wonder how they promised to unfasten the magazine if they give a ride.
  33. shvindin2012
    shvindin2012 April 17 2013 23: 41 New
    +1
    Quote: Midshipman
    A stable thermonuclear reaction, even in the laboratory, cannot be obtained, and they have already gathered on Mars. Article minus.

    First, please read this link http://www.nanonewsnet.ru/articles/2012/termoyadernyi-raketnyi-dvigatel-otpravit
    -ssha-v-glubokii-kosmos
    And you will immediately understand everything. So far, only the first tests are underway, the first assembly of some parts, but this does not mean that the engine has already been assembled. And tomorrow we will fly to Mars !!! repeat At the end of the article, it is written that the engine will start completely only as a minimum in 11 years !!! That's it!
    1. Cynic
      Cynic April 18 2013 15: 20 New
      0
      Quote: shvindin2012
      At the end of the article, it is written that the engine will start completely only as a minimum in 11 years !!! That's it!

      I immediately recall the parable of Khoja Nasreddin, donkey and Emir _
      Once, Khoja inadvertently boasted that he could teach his ass to talk. On hearing this, Emir ordered to pay Khoja 1000 a tanga with the condition that he should show him a talking donkey after a while. At home, Khoja's wife began to cry and be killed:
      - And why did you deceive Emir, why did you take the money! When he realizes that you have deceived him, he will throw you in prison!
      “Calm down your wife,” answered Nasruddin, “and better hide the money.” I stipulated a twenty-year term for myself. During this time, either the donkey will die, or Emir ...
      1. opoffis
        opoffis 27 June 2017 12: 38 New
        0
        Tests in space in 2018
  34. Woodoo
    Woodoo April 18 2013 03: 14 New
    0
    first successful tests of a spacecraft with a fusion engine
    The title is not adequate to the material. =)
    So you can write about the cyborg, talking about a boy who has inserted a flash drive into his finger.
  35. Yves762
    Yves762 April 19 2013 09: 26 New
    0
    Some kind of cross: not up-TOCOMAC, Peremagnetoplasmic dviglo ... No.
    Or maybe zhurnalyZd (tm) did again, in his own way, incorrectly light this article here.?. - http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/VASIMR
  36. Gonoriy
    Gonoriy April 13 2016 10: 45 New
    0
    Very interesting, but unfortunately there is little information.
  37. Diviz
    Diviz 10 February 2017 12: 50 New
    0
    In the movie about Korolev, I liked Khrushchev’s phrase — they managed it at home — when they found out that the Soviet Union put the satellite into space.
  38. Natalia777
    Natalia777 22 February 2017 07: 50 New
    0
    The conquest of the cosmos is the first priority of mankind. Earth is not eternal, the Sun may once go blank, the planet may not accommodate a growing population.
    The fact that the Americans can make the engine - I do not believe. Not because of a biased attitude towards the United States, but because of the actual state of affairs. The Americans were unable to create a technology for enriching spent uranium and rocket engines are buying in Russia. The flight to the moon, as it turned out, was a Hollywood production.
    Russia should remember the old school of education, grow up real scientists and create completely new technologies for moving in space. One needs to fly to Mars and Venus. It may be possible to install equipment to create air and start the processes of creating the atmosphere there.
    This is no longer fiction. And the next stage of the conquest of space.