While preparing the material for the next lesson in the 11 classes on life safety, I decided to diversify the material to follow the course of changing the text of the military oath in Russia since the beginning of the century.
Oath in the Russian imperial army
"I, below mentioned, promise and swear by Almighty God, before the Saints by His Gospel, that the children are, and the people are the ones who are the ones who are their own, and who are their natural and most gracious, the Great State, the Emperor of All-Russian, the people and the people who are the only ones. Heir, faithfully and impersonally to serve, not sparing his stomach, to the last drop of blood, and all to the High ITS IMPERATORY MAJORITY Autocracy, power and authority belong to the rights and benefits, legitimized and henceforth legitimized, with the utmost understanding, strength and ability to execute.
IMPERATOR Majesty of the state and lands of His enemies, body and blood, in the field and fortresses, by water and by dry, in battles, batches, sieges and storms and in other military cases, brave and strong to repair resistance, and in every way try to promote that to IT IMPERATIVE MAJESTY to the faithful service and the benefits of the state in any case may concern. About the damage of HIS GREATNESS of interest, harm and loss, as soon as I’m telling you about it, I’m not going to announce it beforehand, but I will also avert it with all sorts of measures and not let it go and keep all entrusted secrets firmly in charge of everything that is provided to me and will concern to the service of the State, properly repair obedience, and correct everything according to his conscience, and not to act against service and oath for his own gain; I don’t want to leave the team and flag where I belong, although in the field, the wagon train or the garrison, but I will follow it as long as I live and act and act like honest, faithful, obedient, brave and quick ( officer or soldier) appropriate. In what may the Lord God Almighty help me. In conclusion of this oath of my oath, I kiss the words and the cross of my Savior. Amen."
Oath to the Provisional Government (1917)
“I swear on the honor of an officer (soldier) and promise before God and my conscience to be faithful and unfailingly loyal to the Russian State as my Fatherland. I swear to serve him to the last drop of blood, in every way contributing to the glory and prosperity of the Russian State. I pledge to obey the Provisional Government, which now heads the Russian State, until the establishment of the form of government by the will of the people through the Constituent Assembly. The duties assigned to me will be carried out with full effort, having in my thoughts solely the benefit of the state and not sparing my life for the good of the Fatherland.
I swear to obey all the chiefs put to me by me, reproving them with complete obedience in all cases when my duty as an officer (soldier) and a citizen to the Fatherland demands it. I swear to be honest, conscientious, brave officer (soldier) and not to break the oath because of greed, kinship, friendship and enmity. In conclusion of the oath given by me, I sign myself with the sign of the cross and I subscribe below. ”
Red Army oath of allegiance (1939-47)
"I, a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, joining the ranks of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, take the oath and solemnly swear to be honest, brave, disciplined, watchful fighter, strictly keep military and state secrets, unconditionally fulfill all military regulations and orders of commanders, commissars and bosses.
I swear to conscientiously study military affairs, to protect military and national property in every way and to be loyal to my people, to our Soviet Homeland, and to the Workers 'and Peasants' Government until the last breath.
I am always ready, by order of the Workers 'and Peasants' Government, to come out in defense of my Homeland - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and, as a soldier of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, I swear to defend it courageously, skillfully, with dignity and honor, not sparing my blood and life itself for achieve complete victory over enemies.
If, by evil intent, I break this solemn oath of mine, then let me suffer the stern punishment of Soviet law, the general hatred and contempt of the working people. ”
Treasure in the USSR
"I, a citizen of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, joining the Armed Forces, take the oath and solemnly swear to be honest, brave, disciplined, watchful warrior, strictly keep military and state secrets, unquestioningly carry out all military regulations and orders of commanders and commanders. I swear to conscientiously study military affairs, to protect military and national property in every possible way, and to be faithful to my People, to my Soviet Homeland and to the Soviet Government, to the last breath. the Soviet Government to defend my Motherland - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and, as a soldier of the Armed Forces, I swear to defend it courageously, skillfully, with dignity and honor, not sparing my blood and life itself to achieve complete victory over the enemies. If I If I break this solemn oath, then let me suffer the stern punishment of Soviet law, the general hatred and contempt of my comrades "
ADDRESS IN EDITORIAL OF 5 January 1992
“I, (last name, first name, patronymic), enter military service and swear allegiance to the Russian Federation and its people. I swear to abide by the Constitution and the laws of the Russian Federation, to comply with the requirements of military regulations, orders of commanders and superiors, and the duties assigned to me legally. I swear, being in military service, to be honest, conscientious, adequately transfer the difficulties associated with it. Bravely, not sparing the life, to protect the people and state interests of the Russian Federation. I swear not to apply weapon against their own people and their lawfully elected authorities. I undertake to undergo military service in any place on the territory of the Russian Federation and abide by the laws of the state in whose territory I will undergo military service.
If I break the military oath I have taken, I am ready to bear the responsibility established by the laws of the Russian Federation. ”
TAILOR IN RF (test of the latest edition) (March 28 1998)
“I, (surname, name, patronymic), solemnly swear allegiance to my Fatherland - the Russian Federation. I swear to follow piously the Constitution of the Russian Federation, strictly comply with the requirements of military regulations, orders of commanders and chiefs.
I swear to fulfill the military duty with dignity, to courageously defend the freedom, independence and constitutional order of Russia, the people and the Fatherland! ”
How the text of the military oath transformed in Russia
- Alexey Sizov
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