Military Review

"Lieutenant Prose" - Victor Astafiev

Viktor Petrovich Astafyev (years of life 01.05.1924 - 29.11.2001) - Soviet and Russian writer, prose writer, essayist, most of whose works are made in the genre of military and village prose. Included in the galaxy of writers who have made a very large contribution to the development of national literature. Astafyev was a veteran of World War II, he fought with 1943 year. Until the end of the war, Viktor Astafyev remained a simple soldier, was a driver, a signalman, an artillery intelligence officer. The hero of socialist labor, laureate of the 2 state prizes of the USSR.

Victor Astafyev was born in the family of a peasant Peter Pavlovich Astafyev 1 in May 1924 in the village of Ovsyanka, located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The writer's mother Lydia Ilyinichna died tragically when he was only 7 years old. She drowned in the Yenisei, this event and the river will later pass through all his works. Astafyev will spend his best hours and days on the river, which books will write about, remembering their mother in them. The mother remained in the writer's life with a bright shadow, a touch, a memory, and Victor never tried to burden this image with some everyday details.

The future writer went to school at the age of 8. In 1 class, he studied in his native village, and he finished elementary school already in Igarka, where his father had moved to work. He finished elementary school in 1936 year. In the fall, when he had to study in the 5 class, trouble happened to him: the boy was left alone. Until March 1937, he somehow studied and was even a street child until he was sent to the Igarsky children's boarding school. Recalling the time spent in the orphanage, Viktor Astafyev recalled director Vasily Ivanovich Sokolov and Ignatius Rozhdestvensky’s boarding school teacher, who was a Siberian poet and inspired Viktor with a love of literature, with a special feeling of appreciation. These two people in the difficult years of his life, had a beneficial effect on the writer. In the future, Astaf'eva’s writing for a school magazine about his beloved lake became a full-fledged story “Lake Vasutkino”.
"Lieutenant Prose" - Victor Astafiev

In 1941, Astafiev graduated from a boarding school and had a hard time in 17 years, as the war was already on, he got to Krasnoyarsk, where he entered the railway school of the Federal Law School. After graduating from college, he worked 4 for a month at the Baziha station, after which he volunteered for the front. Until the end of the war, he remained an ordinary soldier. Victor Astafiev fought on the Bryansk, Voronezh and Steppe fronts, as well as in the composition of the troops of the First Ukrainian Front. For his services he was awarded military orders and medals: the Order of the Red Star, as well as the most valuable soldier’s medal “For Courage”, medals “For the Liberation of Poland”, “For Victory over Germany”.

At the front, he was seriously injured several times, and here in 1943 he met his future wife, Maria Koryakina, who was a nurse. These were 2 very different people: Astafyev loved his village Ovsyanka, where he was born and spent the happiest years of his childhood, but she did not love. Victor was very talented, and Maria wrote from a sense of self-assertion. She adored her son, and he loved his daughter. Victor Astafyev loved women and could drink, Maria was jealous of him and to people, and even to books. The writer had 2-emasters, whom he hid, and his wife all the years long passionately dreamed only that he was entirely devoted to the family. Astafyev left the family several times, but each time he came back. Two such different people could not leave each other and lived together 57 for years until the writer's death. Maria Koryakina has always been for him both a typist, and a secretary and an exemplary housewife. When his wife wrote her own autobiographical novel, The Signs of Life, he asked her not to publish it, but she did not obey. Later he also wrote the autobiographical novel "The Merry Soldier", which told about the same events.

Viktor Astafiev was demobilized from the army in 1945 together with his future wife, after the war they returned to the hometown of Maria - Chusova, located in the Urals. Severe wounds received at the front deprived Viktor of his faculty profession - his hand did not obey him well, there was actually one well-seeing eye. All his works immediately after the war were of an accidental nature and were unreliable: a laborer, a loader, a locksmith, a carpenter. Lived young, frankly, not fun. But one day Viktor Astafyev got to a meeting of a literary circle organized by the newspaper "Chusovskaya Rabochy". This meeting changed his life, after which he wrote his first story "The Civilian Man" in just one night, it was 1951. Soon Astafyev became a literary worker of the Chusovoy Rabochy. For this newspaper, he wrote a very large number of articles, stories and essays, his literary talent began to reveal all its facets. In 1953, his first book "Until Next Spring" was published, and in 1955 he published a collection of stories for children "Lights".

In 1955-57, he wrote his first novel “Melt the Snow”, and also published 2 books for children: “Lake Vasutkino” and “Uncle Kuzya, chickens, fox and cat”. Since April 1957, Astafyev begins to work as a special correspondent for the Perm regional radio. After the release of the novel "Melt the snow", he was admitted to the Union of Writers of the RSFSR. In 1959, he was sent to Moscow for the Higher Literary Courses organized by the Institute of Literature. M. Gorky. In Moscow, he studied 2 of the year, and these years were marked by the flourishing of his lyrical prose. He wrote the story "Pass" - 1959 year, "Starodub" - 1960 year, in the same year in the same breath in a few days he released the story "Starfall", which brought the writer wide fame.

The 1960s turned out to be very fruitful for Victor Astafyev, he wrote a large number of stories and short stories. Among them, the story "Theft", "War rages somewhere." At the same time, the novels written by him formed the basis of the story in the stories “The Last Bow”. Also during this period of his life, he wrote the 2 plays, Bird-cherry and Forgive Me.

Childhood in the village and the memories of youth could not go unnoticed, and in 1976, the village theme is most clearly and fully revealed in the story “Tsar-Ryba” (narration in stories), this work entered the school curriculum and is still loved by many domestic readers. For this work in 1978, the writer was awarded the USSR State Prize.

The main feature of the artistic realism of Viktor Astafyev was the depiction of life and the surrounding reality in its fundamental principles, when life reaches the level of reflection and consciousness and, as it were, creates moral supports that strengthen our being: kindness, compassion, selflessness, justice. The writer in his works subjects all these values ​​and meaningfulness of our life to rather harsh tests, primarily due to the limiting conditions of Russian reality itself.

Another feature of his works was the test of a solid and good foundation of the worlds - the war and the attitude of man to nature. In his story “The Shepherd and the Cowgirl”, Viktor Astafyev, with his characteristic poetry of details, demonstrates the war to the reader as a complete hell that is terrible not only by its degree of moral shock and physical suffering of a person, but also by the indefatigability of military experience for the human soul. For Astafyev, the horror of the war, what would later be called the “trench truth,” was the only possible truth about that terrible war.

And although unselfishness and self-sacrifice, often paid for with their own lives, the indestructibility of good, the military fraternity is exposed and manifested during the war, and no less - in military life - Viktor Astafiev does not see the price that could justify the human "massacre". The memory of the war, the incompatibility of military and peaceful experience will be the leitmotif of many of his works: Starfall, Sashka Lebedev, Clear Day, Feast After Victory, Life To Live, and others.

In 1989, for his literary merit, Viktor Astafiev was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor. Already after the collapse of the USSR, he created one of his most famous military novels - “Cursed and Killed”, which is published in 2 parts: “The Black Pit” (1990-1992) and “Bridgehead” (1992-1994). In 1994, the writer is awarded the Triumph Prize for his outstanding contribution to Russian literature; the following year, he was awarded the State Prize of the Russian Federation for his novel Cursed and Killed. 1997-1998 in Krasnoyarsk published the complete works of the writer, which consisted of 15 volumes and contained detailed comments by the author.

The writer died in the year 2001 almost all of this year, having spent in Krasnoyarsk hospitals. Affected his age and injuries he received in the war. The best that a writer can leave behind is his works, in this respect we are all lucky with the complete collection of Astafyev’s works from the 15 volumes. Viktor Astafyev’s books for their realistic portrayal of military life and a lively literary language have been and remain popular in our country and abroad. In this regard, they were translated into many languages ​​of the world and came out in millions of copies.

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  1. AK-47
    AK-47 April 16 2013 08: 54
    The best that a writer can leave behind is his works ...

    A deep bow and eternal mumble to the great writer.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 16 2013 15: 12
      only that's what a pichal. the biography of Astafiev is well studied. and somehow it so happened that Astafiev described the horrors of war (take, for example, the vilest of his books "Cursed and Killed"), but he himself did not directly participate in the battles he mentioned. not to mention the fact that in October 1993 pesatil gave a wave of the famous "Letter of Forty-Two" (otherwise called "Crush the Reptile"), which demanded that Yolkin actually open repressions and extrajudicial reprisals against the opposition of the then government. such wonderful writers-humanists, former troubadours of commissars in dusty helmets, sufferers of victims of Stalin's repressions. Well, and such a nice detail, as the support at the political level of the cannibals from the team of Yegorka Gaidar and Rusty Tolik.

      it seems that Solzhenitsyn’s laurels strongly prevented the great songwriter from sleeping.
  2. Kumachi
    Kumachi April 16 2013 10: 01
    Another proof of the presence of assholes in any generation - Vityusha, who never went on the attack, in his old age, after writing quite decent works, concocted the most fierce Russophobic garbage - "Cursed and Killed", where every paragraph is "bloody hell" in half with " pelted with the groups. " Maxim died, and with him.
    1. vardex
      vardex April 16 2013 10: 19
      Astafiev, an opportunist and a dishonest man, is the same as the Volcogons, the accusers of shit, that building where they once lived and did not bother ......
    2. Alekseev
      Alekseev April 16 2013 13: 42
      Absolutely accurate definition!
  3. Black
    Black April 16 2013 10: 40
    Quote: vardex
    Vityusha, who never went on the attack, in his old age, after writing quite decent works, concocted the most fierce Russophobic garbage - "Cursed and Killed",

    "Cursed and Killed" is a very black book, there will be enough grief and pain for many years to come. Reading this is scary and sometimes disgusting, but there is truth, bitter, naked truth. There is no Russophobia there, there is about how our Motherland treats its sons. It was then, and it remains now. The first Chechen is an example of this.
    And you do not have the right so about a person. Nothing!
    1. soldat1945
      soldat1945 April 16 2013 11: 26
      You’re absolutely right, a very not decent writer, you had to put it on the wall, the book was cursed and completely fictitious, many veterans after its publication in the 90s criticized it completely, there weren’t in Novosibirsk training schools what many astafs described during this period units in Siberia, on the contrary, spoke of a high patriotic upsurge in the troops. And as a result, this anti-Russian bleu..votina made her contribution to the denigrating heroic past of our soldiers in the Second World War.
    2. Alekseev
      Alekseev April 16 2013 13: 44
      Well, you, of course, know where she really is.
      It was only Pontius Pilate who did not know what is truth.
      1. soldat1945
        soldat1945 April 16 2013 21: 23
        I know because my grandfather was a teacher of shooting courses in Novosibirsk, and this is a lie about shootings in school and starvation, and he wrote to the editor and to Astafyev himself that he wrote the truth, only the answer never came!
  4. Bigriver
    Bigriver April 16 2013 11: 31
    About the dead man - better not say anything.
    But it is unclear why his creations are classified as "lieutenant prose"?
    The infantry school, for some unknown reason, Astafyev did not finish.

    I will cite an excerpt from Astafyev’s letter to the Soviet general.
    1990. Destination not established.
    "Dear Alexander Sergeevich!
    Ah, how sorry I am to disappoint you in your old age, but you can’t get away from life.
    I understand both you and all our other generals who boast, for no one will praise anymore. Not at all ... And you, and the commanders who led you, were very bad warriors, and you couldn’t be different, because you have been and have been fighting in the most mediocre army since the creation of the human race. That army, like the current one, emerged from the most despicable society — it no longer needs proof. Now everyone already knows, except for you, of course, that our losses in the war amount to 40-50 million ..,

    God be his judge.
    1. Alekseev
      Alekseev April 16 2013 13: 47
      Quote: BigRiver
      God be his judge

      Pride (they say he knows the whole truth, what bastards were generals and others ...) leads, according to the Holy Fathers, to dementia.
      1. Bigriver
        Bigriver April 16 2013 14: 03
        Quote: Alekseev


        That is yes. There is a lot of hatred in him. It feels like she has gnawed him all her life.
        Hence the desire, standing on one's own "hummock of vision", to make generalizations of a cosmic scale.
        He is "black", in fact.
        In the heat of the moment, in the 90s, I bought his two-volume "Cursed and Killed". Read.
        Now even touch him, somehow .., beware.

  5. Kumachi
    Kumachi April 16 2013 11: 44
    Quote: Chen
    damned and killed "a very black book, there will be enough grief and pain in it for many years to come. Reading this is scary and sometimes disgusting, but there is truth, bitter, naked truth. There is no Russophobia, there is about how our Motherland treats its sons

    Lying about my ancestors, arrogant, undisguised, unable to withstand the slightest criticism, is Russophobia. My grandfather, who crossed the Dnieper (which is discussed in this vile little book), cursed twice in my memory - the first time I dropped the battery on my foot and the second when I sent this lisp to the stove. About the dead - the truth. (Voltaire). Vitek - fertilizer, burn in hell.
    1. Black
      Black April 16 2013 14: 28
      Quote: Kumachi
      Lies about my ancestors, impudent, undisguised,

      About your ancestor personally, maybe not true. And one of my grandfathers and such a transfer camp drank near Saratov, and was taken prisoner, because in March 42 they threw out a battalion with one 3-4 rifle near Voronezh - the rest, they say, type in the field.
      And my grandmother remembered how she and her two children in September 42 were kicked out of a boat into the already burning Stalingrad. not allowing to cross to the left bank of the Volga.

      We did not have a simple and linear history of warriors. There were commanders, both great and mediocre, there were victories and defeats, there was glory and shame. Victory, Great Victory does not give the right to forget about the bitter pages of its history. If only because. what we are likely to still fight and fight! And I would like the fathers-commanders to have an adequate memory when they send the boys to death.
      1. Zynaps
        Zynaps April 16 2013 15: 31
        Quote: Chen
        because in March 42 they threw out a battalion with one 3-4 rifle near Voronezh - the rest, they say, type in the field.

        don't lie. the myth of one rifle for three at the front has been thoroughly studied. and the conclusion was unequivocal: there were no such cases at the front. you can visit the LiveJournal of Alexei Isaev, who closely studied the issue and, according to him, was waiting for amazing discoveries before working with the archives of the Leningrad militia. and so, even in the most difficult months of the Leningrad blockade, weapons were found and people were armed. Collected Mosin rifles of tsarist production, sent to the front line "three-inch" WWII times from museums, but people went to the front with weapons in their hands.

        only two cases are known for certain when people went into battle without rifles. both cases are force majeure. the first occurred in the summer of 1941 near Odessa. breakthrough Germans and Romanians were supposed to stop the arriving replenishment from the Donetsk miners. but! a small detachment of miners managed to give out hand grenades in quantities, and the commander of the detachment had a time sheet TT. the detachment died almost completely, but the German breakthrough was liquidated.

        the second case was more successful. One of the fresh brigades that came from the replenishment also did not have time to bring up small arms and people were also given grenades. it was during the liberation of Tikhvin. the soldiers quite successfully attacked the Germans with grenades and obtained weapons for themselves in battle. after the liberation of the city, the soldiers of the brigade were jokingly called "grenadiers".

        there were still cases when in Stalingrad, replenishment without weapons came to the trenches on Mamaev Kurgan. but in the trenches, people took rifles and machine guns from the hands of those killed, and did not go on the attack with shovel cuttings.

        and it’s time to know that the testimony of grandparents should be treated very carefully. people in war usually cannot adequately assess the situation. the term "lying as an eyewitness" is not invented. the soldier at the front constantly thinks that he has been shoved up his ass and that it is much easier for the neighbors.

        I also suggest carefully studying the biography of Astafyev. the not weak fact will open that he personally did not take part in the battles he describes. but the veil is torn off famously.
        1. Black
          Black April 16 2013 15: 46
          Quote: Zynaps
          no need to lie. the myth of one rifle for three at the front has been thoroughly studied.

          I just retold what my grandfather told me. But I did not say that they were thrown into battle. The battalion was unloaded somewhere on the stop. Units had weapons, not a single machine gun, and was taken to the battlefield, (the day before the boyars had retreated - to collect weapons, and to partially arm them. We arrived in the evening, in the early morning a wedge and some motorcycles with machine guns came to the camp. ..and the battalion wandered into captivity. On the second day, the grandfather fled (jumped under the bridge), by August (it seems) he went to his house, checking for 2 weeks and Stalingrad.
          And my grandmother, with two children, actually lived in an occupation 3 km from the front line from October to January in a pit, without food, under fire, both her and the Germans.
          Evacuation in the summer of 42 was stopped very harshly!

          Quote: Zynaps
          it’s time to know that the testimonies of grandparents should be treated very carefully

          You know, in general, this is one of the stories of my grandfather, told not even to me, but to a friend, but overheard by me. And then my grandfather was 50-53 years old, it was far from insanity.
          And to tell, apparently there was something - Star, "For courage", "for Stalingrad", "for Konigsberg" ...
          1. Zynaps
            Zynaps April 16 2013 17: 14
            Quote: Chen
            I just retold what my grandfather told me.

            well, in vain. because subjective opinion is difficult to value.

            here one of my grandfathers was the defender of Leningrad, an infantry political instructor. five military orders, three serious injuries. the last is in Königsberg. disability, paralysis of the arm, two German bullets at the spine. what I know about the military affairs of my grandfather - I know from the words of his front-line comrades, and two of them were his subordinates. grandfather himself did not say much. Moreover, in 47, due to a conflict with the local chief of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, my grandfather went to prison, allegedly for forging financial documents, and sat for two years. but he was released, rehabilitated, and restored to the party, and the activist who landed him himself went to mow the seven-meter rye. and the documents of his innocence I saw with my own eyes. nor do I flaunt my grandfather as a trump card in disputes. I think this tactic is stupid and inappropriate.
            therefore, I prefer to argue on the basis of research and documents, rather than memories that, in principle, cannot be verified. because errare humanum est.

            something like that.
            1. Black
              Black April 16 2013 19: 24
              Quote: Zynaps
              I think this tactic is stupid and inappropriate.
              therefore, I prefer to argue based on research and documents

              Listening to the stories of those who went through the war - stupid tactics? I can imagine what I would have done if my grandfather had been told: "You know, Lavrenty Karpovich, we are all serious people here, and we consider your memories inappropriate!"
              A year before the death of his father, we traveled with him to the places of his memory, there were Dar-mount in Volgograd, where he and his grandmother lived in a hole. I have not read in any document about detachments on the banks of the Volga. Do not believe too?
              Something you, your will, bend pretty.
              To distinguish nonsense from the truth is actually quite simple, you just need to remove the blinders and be able to listen.
              Although, there is simply no one almost.
              However, tell this to the Afghans (what a difference!) - it would be interesting to be present.
  6. dddym
    dddym April 16 2013 12: 09
    They talk about the dead either in no way or well. I do not want to discuss the deceased, but I want to touch his "living" part, that is, his legacy. I learned about the existence of such a writer as Astafyev rather late - already in perestroika and in a strange way his books for some reason did not come to me - I began to read, but gave up without having read even half. Then everyone was in the euphoria of the "new time". I would just forget about him as a writer, but the trouble is that I myself am a resident of Krasnoyarsk. And this means that every year, on Astafiev Memorial Day, we hold events dedicated to his blessed memory. Again, I would not give a damn about that, but to my regret, I am an artist and I must fulfill all the whims of the new government because I risk losing my job. Gaining patience, I did reread Cursed and Forgotten. Feelings are not pleasant. A citizen of the country in which he lives, he nevertheless simply threw mud at everyone and everything. Not surprisingly, he received the Solzhenitsyn Prize. Oh, what am I doing - now the defenders of Solzhenitsyn will rise and instruct a bunch of minuses. And who are friends? And Yeltsin and Solzhenitsyn. Somehow they all encouraged and encouraged each other. Here the prize was given - posthumously true - apparently they did not have time to collect money for it from the state treasury, which they also lowered below the plinth.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 16 2013 15: 33
      Quote: dddym
      They talk about the dead either in any way or well.

      it would be time for this superstitious relic of the ancient world, when people were afraid of the revenge of the spirits of the dead, to take it to the trash. because smart people have long said: about the dead - only the truth.
      1. Black
        Black April 16 2013 16: 07
        Quote: Zynaps
        about the dead - only the truth

        In vain you are so ... Do you know that there is a TRUTH? The person has died - the whole WORLD has left! and how to figure out where the truth is. and where is the lie in the garments of truth.
        Not much time has passed since the 90s, and it would seem easy to figure out how it happened that the Great Country did not become. But no, it does not work out, everyone has their own truth, their own vision.
        1. Zynaps
          Zynaps April 16 2013 17: 04
          Dr. Goebbels died - a whole school of lies and propaganda is gone. Chikatilo died - the whole world of nightmares and bullying is gone. Astafyev died, and with a kindly quiet word they will remember only his early works, like "Tsar-fish", but they will remember the slander he signed for Yolkin "Crush the reptile" - in fact, a manifesto on unleashing a new civil war, support for Gaidar's cannibals and dirty libels on the war on motives of battles in which he did not participate.
          1. Black
            Black April 16 2013 19: 31
            Quote: Zynaps
            Dr. Goebbels died - a whole school of lies and propaganda is gone

            No need for demagogy! Why are you distorting? I said, a MAN died. Goebbels, Hitler, I do not consider people.
            Astafyev is not Goebbels. he is a man with the characteristic right to be wrong, to make mistakes somewhere. And who is without sin?
            1. dddym
              dddym April 16 2013 19: 46
              Quote: Chen
              Quote: Zynaps
              Dr. Goebbels died - a whole school of lies and propaganda is gone

              No need for demagogy! Why are you distorting? I said, a MAN died. Goebbels, Hitler, I do not consider people.
              Astafyev is not Goebbels. he is a man with the characteristic right to be wrong, to make mistakes somewhere. And who is without sin?

              Sorry to invade your communication. A person does not die to the end - and writers and artists leave behind themselves very serious things and they affect our lives. Won Goebbels already in 43 made his fraud with Katyn, and we almost had 100 billions of dollars for this we did not pay to our historical enemies. Solzhenitsyn wrote the Gulag, and for some reason we tear out numbers from an art book and wave them like a flag. In the same way, Astafiev wrote - he died and now we are biting because of this. Everyone has sins - this is true, but some sins go to the grave and others work later - poisoning the mind and consciousness of descendants.
              1. Black
                Black April 16 2013 21: 25
                Quote: dddym
                A man does not die to the end - and writers and artists leave behind themselves very serious things and they affect our lives

                You are right.
                Rarely is someone so self-sufficient that no one decides for him. Usually, at best, we “clean ourselves” under somebody, at worst, we create an idol.
                Astafiev is hardly an "icon", but it is not appropriate to call him a "detractor", "a slanderer".
                1. dddym
                  dddym April 16 2013 21: 57
                  It’s easy to let him take the damned to his grave and rest in peace :))) C'mon - I’m ready to forget the damned as well - it’s just good to tyrannize artists for the anniversaries of writers.
  7. Black
    Black April 16 2013 16: 19
    Quote: Zynaps
    Astafyev described (take, for example, the vilest of his books "Cursed and Killed"), but he himself did not take direct part in the battles he mentioned.

    Is the writer obligated to participate in the battles he describes? We will blame War and Peace for Tolstoy !?

    And vice versa, Solzhenitsyn was "there", but somehow I am not particularly in a hurry to believe.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 16 2013 17: 00
      Let's start with the fact that Leo Tolstoy wrote "The Sevastopol Stories" from his personal experience. which were in fact reports from the battlefield.

      Tolstoy's novel is a work of a somewhat different kind. he is there more and more about people, the nature of which Tolstoy during his complex life studied quite thoroughly. and yet - it's a love novel. and a research novel. Tolstoy does not expose anyone in it and does not scare the readers "I know how it really was."

      therefore, comparing Astafiev's "experienced" with "War and Peace" is a thankless task. Tolstoy did not have the ultimate task of throwing chernukha into the masses. in contrast to Astafyev, for whom the tearing off of the covers and knocking out hatred with the knee are visible to the naked eye.
      1. Black
        Black April 16 2013 19: 53
        Quote: Zynaps

        therefore, comparing Astafiev's "experienced" with "War and Peace" is a thankless task. Tolstoy did not have the ultimate task of throwing chernukha into the masses

        Do you know Astafiev’s supertask?
        Remember Galich
        And yet, at the risk of being branded as a Jester, a fool, a clown, "Both at night and during the day I repeat about one thing -
        No need, people, to be afraid!
        Do not be afraid of prison
        don't be afraid of the bag
        Do not be afraid of morale and gladness,
        And fear only
        Who will say: "I know how it should be!"

        Can the truth find in polyphony?
    2. dddym
      dddym April 16 2013 19: 54
      Well, he and the writer are what he would like to believe. And Solzhenitsyn, in comparison with him, is mediocrity. So much the worse for us - we flocks they are shepherds. But Solzhenitsyn’s prize was still handed to Astafyev :))) But how could it be otherwise? Yeltsin, Astafiev, and of course Solzhenitsyn are friends and associates. (a little off topic) When Solzhenitsyn gave Yeltsin about the Kuril Islands, I almost fell off my chair when I heard.
  8. anatoly57
    anatoly57 April 16 2013 17: 00
    The novels and stories of the writer of the 70s are very strong. Ode to the Russian garden, Shepherd and shepherdess, Somewhere war is thundering, Tsar-fish, I have reread it more than once and will be reread again. Cursed and killed, I could not read to the end, it is impossible for a person of my generation to understand where the truth is and where the slander is, too much "chernukha" poured out on us during "perestroika", perhaps Astafyev also decided to exploit the topic of revelations.
    And one more fact spoils the biography of the writer. During the 1996 presidential election, it was his calls to vote for Yeltsin that added a lot to the latter.
  9. pinecone
    pinecone April 16 2013 17: 27
    To the author. There was no medal "For the Liberation of Poland". There was "For the Liberation of Warsaw". The term "lieutenant prose" does not fit Astafiev's books either. In literary criticism, it was customary to refer such authors to those who described the so-called "trench truth".
  10. Sokrat
    Sokrat April 16 2013 17: 59
    What he writes about in the book is cursed and killed, but wasn’t anything like that in both Chechen?
    1. Black
      Black April 16 2013 19: 43
      Quote: Sokrat
      What he writes about in the book is cursed and killed, but wasn’t anything like that in both Chechen?

      Moreover I will tell you, and in Afghanistan it was not sweeter !!!!!
      And Chechnya, especially the first one, is quite near !!! (Remember Komsomolskoe)
      Hurray patriots know everything, they say they consider it inappropriate, not patriotic. But this is stupidity, scarcity and hardened mind.
      Astafyev described atypical, but quite real, and we need to talk about it so as not to get into too.
  11. family tree
    family tree April 16 2013 18: 25
    For the first time I read "Tsar-fish" with him, back in the "Roman-newspaper". Leave him, men. He went through that war, I don't know how, but there the privates got it. Rest in peace to him. Well, these are dancing on his bones, well, you cannot drive them away, you then, even if you don't take a sin on your soul, you look and they will shut up. Yes, I heard what he said, so who of us did not curse the foreman for the fact that the foreman discovered that the dust from the clock at the entrance to the barracks had not been wiped off? It's just that his voice is louder, although he is a writer, and the private, like a private, has clean shoulder straps, a clear conscience. Rest in peace, Viktor Petrovich.
  12. galiullinrasim
    galiullinrasim April 16 2013 18: 52
    I respect Petrovich, although he didn’t write very much about a warrior. but each one has his own warrior, he sees each one differently on the same field. I was in a porridge and stood at the chapel. I’m sorry that he couldn’t write anything about the current
  13. rexby63
    rexby63 April 16 2013 19: 09
    About fought, not fought - where did the data come from? In general, there is information in that he was awarded the medal "For Courage". The truth about the "Krasnaya Zvezda" is not said there, let's leave it on the conscience of the deceased, but the fact that he fought is totally awesome. And now, regarding his novel "Cursed and Killed" - I personally did not see anything unusual there, it describes the impressions of a hysterical, lonely young man. Not even a young man, almost a teenager, whom neither father nor mother had instilled in any skills. And how can you tell him to perceive the barracks full of young, angry boys, most of whom are eager to go to the front? It is torn, deserters and cowards were among the older people. And such a young hysterical person got into a collective of mentally healthy people, what will he then remember all his life? That's right - only negative. If the barracks, then low and cold, if the food, then tasteless and very little of it, if peers, then strong and pugnacious. If he were healthy in all respects, he would recall the war, as, say, his peer and namesake V.A. Kurochkin. And so he fought, and fought hard. And in general, why do we discuss and condemn them? Do we have a right to this?
  14. Aleksys2
    Aleksys2 April 17 2013 01: 26
    I would like to quote the words of Ivan Fotievich Stadnyuk from the preface to "Confessions of a Stalinist":
    Write about yourself? What for? After all, the life lived is not different from the life of my peers who survived the war, whose youth blossomed in bright hopes, in search of their future roads. We were full of deep faith that we are witnesses and participants in the creation of a new, most progressive society. Under the influence of the slogan atmosphere of that time, we found justification for all the tragic events that accompanied the heroic days and deeds of the people, and longed for exploits - they rushed to Spain, to Khalkhin Gol, in the snow of Finland. They looked into the future with faith and enthusiastic hope, not suspecting that they would face the most difficult military trials, and then the upheavals in the post-war decades. Indeed, observing today's day in its material and spiritual lightness, with the grimaces and distortions of our being, with its truth and falsehood, sometimes I want to scream so that the voice reaches God, if there is one, the soul pain dies in this cry, the past it was highlighted in the rays of not an imaginary truth, but a genuine one, lost in the black forest of our difficult story. That is why writing about what has been experienced is not a whim, but the need to peer into it with a slightly enlightened look and re-ill about an unfulfilled one, to thank fate for the moments of it agosklonnosti and especially for the fact that it has saved us from many misconceptions, biases, and more of the actions that would be tyrannized conscience now, though can not say that bad deeds we did not have at all. They were, inspired by the evil winds of time and the deceitful deeds of our past, big and small, shepherds. But the main thing is different: we have lived an honest working life, filled with faith and struggle in the name of good for our people, of which we are a part. I would like to write about this, write about my "I", confess to myself, to my readers - friends and foes. But do not change anything from the past, do not adapt to the present day with the lack of spirit of its multi-slogan atmosphere. And with a firm belief that a New, real Day will come, which can be looked into the eyes with a sense of his own righteousness and with joy that he has not changed his beliefs.
  15. constant
    constant 22 February 2014 12: 40
    Good memory to Victor Petrovich. Rare Man.
    I have not read his books before. And now - every one I read - really like. A rich language, a rare ability to describe nature in such a way that you want to read, and not skip paragraphs.
    As for the truth - I am sure that it was as it was written. Hard, but true. And it is correctly written above in the comments about Chechnya - the war in the forties did not teach political and military leaders anything: as for the politicians and staff generals, the population of Russia with cannon fodder remained in modern wars, and especially in the Chechen war. Or maybe, if they hadn’t varnished, didn’t smooth everything, who could, who benefits, the horrors of war, blood, wounds, hunger, betrayal, cruelty, if such works were allowed for publication (and I’m sure that there were such artistic, memoirs a lot, but they remained in the manuscripts, they were not published in the editorial office for many reasons - there is no money, they won’t read it, it has no artistic value, and most importantly, it’s just NOT possible to print) ...
    ... if such a truth about the war were printed, then we would be afraid to send our seventeen-year-old boys as slaughter in this Chechen war.
    Hatred is a good quality. It helps to resist and do what you think is necessary and important.
    Thank you, Victor Petrovich.