On September 14, 2012, in Russia, the President signed Decree No. 1289, entitled “On the implementation of the State Program to Assist the Voluntary Resettlement of Compatriots Living Abroad in the Russian Federation”. By compatriots, according to officially presented data, we mean citizens of the Russian Federation living outside of Russia, immigrants from the Russian state (in different historical periods of its existence) and their descendants, persons who had citizenship of the Soviet Union, residing in the former Soviet republics, received or not received citizenship of these republics.
Based on the presidential Decree, the program of returning compatriots to Russia and monitoring the number of compatriots abroad, it was decided to include the subjects of the federation 38, many of which were published in the public domain so-called "Memo compatriot." The leaflets indicate the territory and population of the subject of the federation, large settlements of the region, the presence of industrial and other enterprises and companies, a description of resettlement projects and even the average annual temperature for the subject of the federation. In addition, the memo specifies the areas of the region (krai, republic) in which the program operates.
Some time ago, the publication "Military Review" received information that not all the Russian regions connected to the implementation of the described program of the Russian regions deal with assistance to compatriots resettled to Russia is being resolved properly. In particular, data were presented, according to which mass arrivals are being prepared (and in some areas have already begun) a massive arrival of persons, most of whom fit the legalized notion of compatriots, but with the very fact of “returning compatriots to their homeland” in common. In this case, we are talking about a very strange increase in the number of representatives of the Kurdish ethnic group in the central regions of Russia - first of all, the information concerns the Tambov region, which, historically or geographically, doesn’t fit in with the main territories of the Kurds on the world map ...
The journalists of the Military Review decided to check the information about the “impending compatriots” and prepare a report that would confirm or deny the information that not even ethnic Russians, who were ordered by God himself to return from foreign countries to their historical homeland, were honored with the preferences, but “compatriots "Other character.
Moving forward to prepare a report, it was assumed that, perhaps, settlements with displaced people, let's say, non-Russian nationality would have to be searched for a long time, but we were wrong. Settlement, as it turned out, is a very entertaining way: mainly along the federal highway "Caspian": Moscow-Astrakhan, and it is on the territory of the Tambov region. They looked into one of the very tiny villages of the Tambov region - Demian Poor (“Zarya”) from Zherdevsky district, which, according to the information that was available, was one of the settlements that receives Kurdish immigrants on its territory.
It turned out that in this Tambov village the program is being implemented in such an impressive way that one simply wonders: why in some cases bureaucratic barriers break down so quickly, and in others they not only break, but rise and spread from year to year ... no more than 250 people, of whom about a third are Kurdish. Moreover, this very Kurdish population didn’t have to search long - after turning to the village from the federal highway, the first person who met on the way was a girl who was clearly not of the original Tambov appearance with a scarf tied over her head. She introduced herself as a ghoul and when asked whether displaced people of Kurdish nationality live in Demian Poor, in a limping Russian, she said that there are many such people, and if we want to talk about Kurds 'living and being', then we need to move towards two-story houses, located in the central part of the village. Houses (as it turned out later, apartment buildings), indeed, towered over the one-story buildings of the village in the distance.
In one of the courtyards, there was a clear revival: several young women were inciting something dangerously close to the rickety wooden buildings, the children were playing nearby, rolling car tires from side to side. At the sight of strangers, everyone immediately ceased to go about their business and fixed their eyes on us.
The first attempt to start a conversation did not succeed (later it turned out that not all the people we saw in the courtyard understood Russian). In the end, it was possible to arrange a meeting with a woman (men of Kurdish ethnicity could not be found in the village), who not only understood Russian, but also agreed to talk about why the Kurds mostly settle on the territory of the Tambov region, and they are met here. This woman introduced herself as Khadija Gaziyev.
Khadija, along with her entire family (husband, children), arrived in the Tambov region at the end of 2010 from Kyrgyzstan. According to her, her brother invited her here, who had already lived in the Zherdevsky district for several years. The brother, in turn, was invited by a certain friend with whom they “intersected” at the end of the 90s in Central Asia and Turkey, and who also chose Tambov lands for permanent residence. Why both the brother, and his acquaintance, and hundreds of other “friends” and “relatives” decided to go suddenly to Tambov, Khadija could not explain. But she said that already after the first few months on the territory of the Tambov region she and every member of her family received Russian citizenship. Khadija herself does not work, receives child support. Children study at a local school, and the eldest at a district technical school. Her husband (in Tambov on road construction) and her brother, who had already managed to move to Moscow, are engaged in work. The main source of family income, according to Khadizhi, is the seasonal fruit harvest and the money that spouses bring from their earnings.
When asked how they managed to get housing so quickly, Khadija’s Russian citizenship answered that the local authorities had helped. Apparently, the local authorities have no limit to altruism. At the same time, the Zherdevsky district of the region is not even included in the program of resettlement of compatriots ... But at the same time there is information about Russian immigrants from the republics of Central Asia who for years cannot get a Russian passport and have to live in the territory of the Russian Federation at best based on such a half-document as for residence, and at worst - with a passport, for example, Turkmenistan. It turns out that many Russian compatriots in the region under the simplified program of obtaining citizenship, strangely, do not fall, but for other "compatriots" the program works "with a bang."
After talking with Khadizhi and visiting her very unsophisticated housing, the plans included a conversation with the head of the local administration, but the village council door was locked, and attempts to track down the head of the rural settlement were not successful.
But instead of the head of the village administration, they managed to talk with other local residents, let's say, of the indigenous (Russian) nationality. The first thing that caught my eye was that people are ready to talk with enthusiasm about their vision of reviving the village, but as soon as it comes to Kurdish immigrants, they ask not to ask them about it. The most frequent phrase heard during the interview: “They are fine. Let's not talk about it. ”
But still managed to talk. To say a few words about the Kurdish diaspora in the Tambov region, we were invited to the house by one of the local teachers, who asked not to mention her name in the report. Let's call her Tatiana.
Tatiana reported that the Kurdish stream has been going to the region for several years, and it started even before the program for the return of compatriots began to work. According to her, the principle of resettlement is simple: first one arrived, then his family arrived (and the Kurdish family can consist of several dozen people), then friends, acquaintances, friends of friends and others, others, others began to arrive. It happens so, - says Tatyana, - that several buses from all neighboring villages and from the regional center come to the village for the funeral of Kurds.
On the question of how representatives of Kurdish nationality received housing and work in Tambov’s region, Tatyana replied that the word “received” was incorrectly used here. They came, found empty houses and settled.
Whether all this was agreed with the local administration, we decided to clarify with Tatiana. She unexpectedly averted her gaze, and answered quietly: who was asking the local administration ... There are other forces in the region that decide all these matters quickly and without taking into account the opinion of the local administration. Who specifically relates to these forces - Tatyana did not dare to answer this question, saying only that everyone knows these people in Tambov, and not only in Tambov ...
Obviously, we are talking about those who enter the high offices of local authorities, the heads of the Kurdish diaspora, among whom is such a well-known surname in the region as Shamoyan. It was Jamal Shamoyan who, in his time, launched a large road-building business in the region, to which he exclusively included representatives of Kurdish nationality as workers (let us recall the words of Khadija Gaziyeva, who said that her husband works on road construction in Tambov). By a strange coincidence, Shamoyan’s firm won all tenders for the repair and construction of roads in the Tambov region, receiving direct funding from the local budget. The money stood out, the roads were patched, then in the spring the patched asphalt went along with the snow, the money stood out again, the asphalt was rolled again. And then it came to large objects of urban and regional real estate, which were also serviced exclusively by Kurdish firms. And so - until the operatives are not interested in the activities of the office of Mr. Shamoyan.
However, despite the fact that the company's activities of Mr. Shamoyan (one of the protégés of another Russian Kurd - the late Aslan Usoyan) caused the issue among the employees of the inspection bodies, Mr. Shamoyan promised to turn the Tambov region into paradise with the help of new Kurdish migrants. Here is a quote from the information sheet of Shamoyan:
"In the near future, I will bring around 10 thousands of Kurds to Tambov, who will raise the economy and the birth rate in the region." Note: "10 of thousands of young, healthy non-smoking Kurds."
Well, to be honest, we are not sure of raising the Tambov economy in this way. Another thing is the economics of the top of the diaspora, and another thing is the rise in the birth rate. There is confidence here ... The proportions of the population of the same village Demian Poor, where every third person is Kurdish (and how many more such settlements are in Tambov), speak about the phased implementation of Shamoyan's plans into reality.
At the same time, the locals (as well as the authorities) try not to raise the “Kurdish issue”, since there is a clear fear. The fact is that people close to the top of the Kurdish diaspora in the Tambov region, judging by the statements of local residents, feel much more liberated than the rank-and-file representatives of the local (indigenous) population. Many recent crimes and offenses got away with it. The above names shed light on why such emancipation takes place ...
In addition, local residents claim that the strength of the diaspora tops is greater, the greater the number of diasporas themselves. And in order to increase this number, all state programs, legal and “almost legal” methods are involved. There is a complete feeling that it will take several more years, and in the very center of Russia the situation will reappear, which today manifests itself, for example, in the Stavropol region, where immigrants are already actively promoting their vision of the "correctness" of life in the region. Only if in the case of Stavropol we are talking about uncontrolled internal migration, then in the case of Tambov there is external and no less uncontrolled migration ... More precisely, it is very much controlled, but not at all from that side ...
From the interview with Tatyana (settlement D. Bedny, Tambov region):
- Tatyana, tell me, is inter-religious tension manifested in the village? Is the “Stavropol” story repeated in school about the hijabs of girls' students?
- No, nothing like that yet. Not yet ... So far, there are more Russians ...
PS For centuries, representatives of various ethnic groups, religions and cultures lived on the territory of Russia. To oppose this is to cultivate nationalism, which can lead to a great split. But the question here is different: people who decide, first of all, their financial issues are ready to cover up the evidence of uncontrolled migration by any means - including beautiful words about improving the demographic situation in the region. And if for someone this is a solution to the demographic issue in Russia, are we not going along the slippery path of Western Europe? .. So let's not confuse the brotherhood of nations with the artificial creation of an airbag to solve someone’s criminal problems.