Military Review

Great neotechestvennaya civil war

About the book A. I. Denikin "Essays on Russian distemper"

Great neotechestvennaya civil warВ stories countries have stages to be proud of; there are stages to be regretted. The events that took place in Russia at the beginning of the twentieth century are like the St. Bartholomew night in France. Civil war is a critical period in Russian history, when one country died, one civilization, and another arose. This tragedy in our public consciousness is often silent, reasons and undigested lessons are closed. But we, Little Russians, will not advance in our self-orientation a single step, if we do not understand the essence of what is happening in the Civil War, whose hot phase ended 90 years ago. We studied the Reds in schools, but what is white patriotism like?

At the very beginning of 2010, Leningrad Publishing House released the historical bestseller of the Russian general, the hero of the Russian-Japanese and World War I, one of the leaders of the White movement - Anton Ivanovich Denikin. As a talented writer, he left descendants Essays on the Russian turmoil about the dramatic events of Russian history, of which he happened to be a participant. His essays are a sincere, thrilling and bitter story in three volumes, about the era of troubled times and the difficult fate of the Fatherland.

According to Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, the diary of General Denikin should definitely be read to anyone interested in Russian history. They, in his opinion, deal with urgent issues for today. The tragic pages of our history described by a volunteer ... In the recent past, one could be imprisoned for reading these books. But today there is an opportunity to touch the harsh truth of the hard times of Russia. And who can better and more frankly describe the collapse of a great power and fratricidal carnage, than the participant of those events himself - the legendary front-line general from the common people - A.I. Denikin.

... You can fight to defend their homeland or their beliefs. General Denikin in the First World War, defended his homeland, fought in the Civil War, defending his convictions. During World War II, the Germans turned to him: “We are starting the war of liberation with Russia against the Jewish Bolsheviks. You waged a civil war, so go with us, liberate Russia, use the opportunity! ”The general replied:“ I fought in the fratricidal Civil War, defending my ideals. And in no case can I attack your Motherland on your side. ” The overwhelming majority of the white officers of the volunteer army strongly condemned such people as General Vlasov. The White Guard, with rare exceptions, considered General Vlasov a traitor, who was assigned to the army to defend the country from an external enemy, and he went over to his side. Denikin's comrades are alien to Russophobia, especially when this Russophobia is organized and supported both inside and outside the Fatherland.

In the photo: June 1919 of the Year - The people greet General Denikin after the release of Tsaritsyn.

Reading Essays on the Russian distemper often meets not only the military, but also the ideological confrontation Denikin-Brusilov, who joined Lenin. Lenin, who was educated at a classical gymnasium and the best Russian university, fiercely hated the smell of incense and pancakes, despised his father’s coffins and national history, national religion, the bearer of education and morality, the Russian intelligentsia, and Russian thinkers sent abroad. But “the leader from a sealed-up car” without a drop of pride in Russian civilization adored Kautsky and Liebknecht, the Cheka, commanders, the Red Army, the ideology of terror and class hatred ... General Brusilov went over to the Reds.

It is today that the heirs of the commissioners are distressed about the death in the flames of Stalin’s repression of the leadership of the Red Army. In the “independent” Ukraine, the commander of the Kiev district, Ion Yakir, is mourned. But in the Civil War, Jonah Yakir exterminated only in the Crimea, no fewer white officers than the Stalinist repressions, who believed the appeals of General Brusilov that the Civil War was over. It was not the Bolsheviks who built their power on patriotism, and what could be done by the “incorrigible patriots”. And today we sing: Igor Talkov’s Russia.

Leafing through an old notebook / a shot general,
I tried in vain to understand / How did you give yourself
At the mercy of vandals.

The essays of the Russian distemper are of great value by the numerous documents cited in them. Particularly interesting are sections on the hetman, which, at the behest of the German command, replaced the “government” of the Central Rada. Describing the hetman, Denikin argues that during this period the Bolsheviks in Ukraine were under the special patronage of the German occupation authorities. And this is how he describes the Odessa “directorial” period: “In the concentration of speculators and plutocracy, in its temperament and scope, Odessa surpassed the rear centers of all fronts.” Indeed - to whom the war, and to whom the mother is native. An interesting fact is that the Academy of Sciences, created at Skoropadsky, received its first money when volunteers were in Kiev, it was not a matter of “witch-wise science” that was independent of the “directory”, the main thing for “sichevyh striltsiv” was the replacement of signs. Contemptuously eater and sarcastic Anton Denikin in the description of the Galicians and Petliurists ... But one document, signed by the general, before the liberation of Kiev, I want to cite completely, is the "Commander-in-Chief appeal to the population of Little Russia."

“By virtue and blood of the armies, one after another, the Russian regions are freed from the yoke of madmen and traitors, who have given slavery to the deceived people instead of happiness and freedom.

The ancient Kiev, the “mothers of Russian cities”, is being approached by regiments in an unstoppable desire to restore the lost unity to the Russian people — that unity, without which the great Russian people, exhausted and fragmented, losing the younger generation in fratricidal civil strife could not defend their independence; that unity, without which a complete and proper economic life is inconceivable, when the North and the South, the East and the West of a vast power in free exchange carry each other everything that each region, each area is rich with; that unity, without which powerful Russian speech would not have been created, in equal proportion woven by the centuries-old efforts of Kiev, Moscow and Petrograd. Wishing to weaken the Russian state, before declaring war on him, the Germans, long before 1914, sought to destroy the unity of the Russian tribe forged in a hard struggle.

To this end, they maintained and expanded in the south of Russia a movement that set itself the goal of separating its nine southern provinces from Russia, under the name of "Ukrainian Power." The desire to tear away from Russia the Little Russian branch of the Russian people has not been abandoned to this day. The former henchmen of the Germans - Petliura and his comrades, who initiated the dismemberment of Russia, continue to continue to do their evil work of creating an independent "Ukrainian state" and the struggle against United Russia. However, from the treacherous movement directed towards the division of Russia, it is necessary to completely distinguish between activities inspired by love for the native land, for its features, for its local antiquity and its local national language. In view of this, the foundation of self-government and decentralization will be laid in the basis of the dispensation of the regions of the South of Russia with the indispensable respect for the vital features of the local way of life.

Leaving the Russian language as the state language throughout Russia, I consider it completely unacceptable and prohibit the persecution of the Little Russian language .. Everyone can speak in local institutions, Zemstvo, public places and the court in Little Russian. In public schools, if there are students who wish, the lessons of Little Russian folk language can be established in its classical models. Equally not to allow any restrictions regarding the Little Russian language in the press. ”

... The death in the civil war unleashed by the Bolsheviks and the separatists, the death of twelve million Russian citizens during the war in famine and disease is a terrible national catastrophe. Behind her is a civilizational pullback. For many years, the anger and intransigence of red publicists focused on white patriotism, only cornered the red idea. Walk today through the streets of Russian and Russian cities, many of them are named after the regicides. But reading almost forty chapters of the diaries of Anton Denikin, I want to believe that national ideals will arise in Russia. In particular, cruel and firm contempt for the cult of acquisitiveness, for crime, for despicable corruption, for splitting off and separatism. Today, the Russian people have a desire to come out. From here such mass support of sovereign ideas of Putin, and in Little Russia, Slobozhanshchina, New Russia vote for Yanukovych. Neither the tsarist empire nor the Soviet system will be gone, but one thing is sure, drawing lessons from the Essays of the Russian turmoil, the white and red Russian national life will invariably be absorbed into the Russian statehood. Revived social ideals to supply heroes to their place, among which there is a place for Anton Ivanovich Denikin in 1921, he wrote: “For the grave-diggers knock at the borders of the Russian land already, the jackals are waiting for the death of Russia. Do not wait. From the blood, dirt, poverty, spiritual and physical, the Russian people will rise in strength and mind. ”
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