Military Review

Scarlet Sails in German

31



In January, two British ships did not arrive at the port of destination 1917. The disappearance of Gladys Royal and Landy Island at first did not cause much surprise - the World War rattles in Europe, thousands of soldiers die on the fronts every day. Who cares about the fate of two ships? What could have happened to them? There are no German ships in Atlantic - the Kaiser fleet is safely locked in its bases. The steamers must have lingered in the voyage, went to an emergency repair at some colonial port, stranded or thrown out by the hurricane on reefs ... Shipwrecks are not uncommon, and there is no way to find out about the fate of the vessel if there is no radio station on it.

The following month, the number of disasters in the Atlantic increased unusually - at the appointed time four French barges did not arrive at the ports, several schooners under the flags of Great Britain, Italy and Canada. In March, the British steamer Horngarth disappeared.

- Sir, it seems we have got a raider.

“Just the fantasy reporters of the Sunday Times.” Not a single German ship is capable of breaking the blockade and entering communications in the Atlantic.


***

... with a crunch, the bowsprit of the French barque Cambronn collapsed. Lieutenant Commander Count Felix von Luckner helplessly clenched his fists: he had just ruined with his own hands the next, ninth masterpiece of the sailing era. A month ago, von Luckner had to sink the Pinmore, the bark he rode during his civilian service navy. The law of war is harsh - there is no place for nostalgia.

However, fate this time turned out to be supportive of the “Cambronn”, the ship was lucky enough to stay alive. The Germans crippled the bark, cutting down the bowsprit and bram-stengi — this should have slowed its course — during the time the French ship reached the coast, the Seeadler would have time to leave the dangerous area of ​​the ocean and go into the unknown direction. On board the "Cambronn" 6 transported prisoners, taking with the captains honest word that they would not report any information about the German raider to the oncoming ships before the moment they reach the Brazilian port.

At sunset, 21 March 1917, both ships peacefully dispersed their courses - the crippled and robbed "Cumbronn" crawled to the nearest port, and the "Seeadler" jerked in full sail to the South Atlantic.

The sight of Seeadler under full sail impressed the captain of the barge Antonin so much that he ordered a photograph of a German raider to be taken - this picture is a reproduction of that very photo.

The humane treatment of the captives had its effect - the crews of the sunken ships kept their promise, reporting on their amazing adventures only upon arrival in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian newspapers filled with sensational stories about the "Sea Devil", the news excited the British command, a squadron of cruisers immediately went in search of a raider. Alas, it's too late. "Seeler" disappeared without a trace.

The fact that they began to have problems, von Luckner realized in February, after the capture of "LaRoshfuko". The team of the French barge was not surprised at all by the German attack, saying that only a couple of days ago the LaRochefoucault was searched by the British cruiser. It seems that the British began to suspect something. Von Luckner decided to take the raider into the Pacific, to the place where the enemy least expects a German attack.

***

Behind the thin skin of the board, he beat and sighed the ocean. Unseen by anyone, the Seeadler skirted Cape Horn and moved farther from the pursuers. Ahead lay thousands of miles of endless water and dozens of new victories in the name of Germany.

Felix von Luckner closed his eyes dreamily. The calculation of the command of Kriegsmarine was fully justified - the three-mast sailboat turned out to be an excellent corsair. Perfect camouflage - no one would think that a sailing bark is capable of attacking steamboats. The second important advantage is the absence of a unmasking smoke plume. The third point - Seeadler did not need bunkering and support ships, the supply of provisions was enough for a year of uninterrupted navigation. There was also no shortage of ammunition - the specificity of the work of the sailing corsair was far from the generally accepted notions about the “smoke of sea battles”. A clever, silent killer without a fight sent to the bottom a dozen enemy ships. During the “Seeadler” raid, only one person was accidentally killed - a sailor from the steamer Horngarth.

Von Lückner remembered a search in the North Sea. The British sea wolves did what they wanted - the sailing ship had barely appeared on the horizon, the Evendge cruiser with the inspection team advanced to meet him. Seeadler, pretending to be a Norwegian sailboat, warmly let the British sailors aboard, the captain presented all the necessary documents and the cargo of the forest. The British, of course, did not dismantle logs of logs, otherwise they could find a lot of interesting things - a pair of 105 mm guns, two tanks with 480 tons of diesel and 360 tons of fresh water, an auxiliary diesel unit and even a prison for future prisoners.

Disguise has done its job - Seeadler did not arouse any suspicion among the British. Half the crew of the raider knew Norwegian, and Norwegian postcards hung on the walls of the cockpits.
However, according to the laws of the genre, the German plan almost failed at the last moment: a strong squall pressed the British boat to the board of Seeadler and dragged it towards the stern. Another moment, and British sailors will notice a propeller in the clear water. And they will understand that the Norwegian sailboat “Irma” is not as simple as it seemed from the very beginning.

The situation was saved by one of the German sailors - a short tench whistled shortly in the air, hitting the backs of the British sailors. A squall of selective warfare flew from below - but the deed was done, with great enthusiasm scolding the Norwegian sailors sitting on the yards, the British did not notice the Seeadler propeller.

During the unprecedented 224-day raid, the Seeadler sailboat sailed about 30 thousand nautical miles, destroyed three steamboats and 11 sailing ships (the French bark Cambronn was not included)

Commander von Luckner grinned. Another funny episode came to mind when they took the British Horngarth. Trying to get close to the steamer, the Germans asked to tell them the time (this is the question! They would also ask how to get to the library). The German signal remained unanswered, then von Luckner went to the trick - a whole block of smoke bombs were lit on the raider's deck. Thick black smoke immediately attracted the attention of the British - the steamer rushed to the aid of the “burning sailboat”. And then he received a shell that smashed the radio station into the 105 mm cabin. I had to surrender to the mercy of the winners.

The French got even more stupid - when they saw the signal in the moonlight, “Stop immediately! Before you is a German cruiser! ”, Captain of the barge“ Duplex ”decided that this was a funny joke of his colleagues, and boldly moved towards the raider. The French captain realized that he was mistaken when a blasting charge knocked out the bottom of his ship, and he himself was locked up in a cramped cabin for “honored guests” aboard the Seeadler.

There were other moments about which the commander von Luckner could not know - his raider narrowly escaped the death at Cape Horn. Suspecting the intentions of the elusive Seeadler, the fleet of Her Majesty prepared a trap in the Drake Strait - the armed Otranto transport, under the cover of the armored cruisers Lancaster and Orbit, standing in ambush in the nearest bay. Seeadler saved the event - a strong wind carried the sailboat to the south and the ships missed each other.

***

Time passed, and trophies became increasingly scarce — in a month spent in the Pacific Ocean, only three American schooners “A. Johnson, Slade and Manila. The stock of food and fresh water was rapidly thawing - members of the crew of sunken ships aboard 300, before they were reloaded to the Kambronn, greatly reduced the reserves on board the Seeadler. The lack of vitamins has affected - the Germans began to torture scurvy. Finally, the ship itself after the 30 000-mile raid fell into disrepair and needed urgent repair and cleaning the bottom of the hull.
Scarlet Sails in German

Maupihaa Atoll

On 28 of July 1917 of the year, von Luckner brought his ship to the uninhabited atoll of Maupihaha (French Polynesia), where it was planned to make a stop, replenish supplies and give rest to the crew. Alas, this time luck turned away from the brave sailors - while the Germans drank schnapps on the shore of a paradise island, a flurry of barrage pulled the Seeadler from the anchor and smashed it on the reefs. The history of the sailing cruiser ended there, but the history of its German crew did not.

Commander von Luckner headed a small squad of six people went to the 10-meter launch in the direction of Fiji, where they intended to seize some sailing ship, return for the remaining team members and continue "robbing ships for their black soul." Pretending to be American tourists for a long time did not work out - on the island of Wakaya, jokers were captured by local police and sent to a prisoner of war camp in New Zealand. From where they soon fled, capturing a high-speed motorboat that belonged to the camp commander (to be fair, the camp commander allowed the Germans to “ride” on it). On the way, the Germans captured the 90-ton scow "Mia" and, with the help of a self-made sextant and maps from the school atlas, reached Kermadec Island, where they were again captured while trying to capture a larger vessel.

The skeleton "Seeadler"

At the same time, the remaining members of the Seeadler team did not lose time in vain - the French ship anchored off the atoll, which was immediately seized and renamed Fortune. Despite its eloquent name, the ship of fortune was no different, and soon it was broken on the rocks of Easter Island. The Germans went ashore, where they were immediately captured by the Chilean authorities.

The end of the war, von Luckner, was safely met in the New Zealand prison camp, after which he was repatriated to Germany in the 1919 year. During World War II he accomplished his only feat — he surrendered the Galle town garrison to the advancing American troops. Admittedly, von Luckner really disliked the gushing blood. The hero himself died in Sweden in 1966, at the age of 84.

Wind blowers

The legendary German "Seeadler" (incorrect translation - "Sea Eagle", the correct translation - "Orlan") belonged to the last generation of large commercial sailing ships built at the end of the XIX century, the so-called. “Windjammers” (wind extractors). Their design has been perfected. The all-steel hull made it possible to fulfill all the requirements of hydrodynamics - the ships received a large lengthening of the hulls, as a result, their speed drastically increased, breaking all records of "tea clippers". Windjammer length exceeded 100 meters, displacement could reach 10 thousand tons - just phenomenal figures for sailing ships.

Huge steel masts raised the sails to a previously inconceivable height, the sailing armament area increased by several times. To control the giant panels used a winch with a steam or electric drive. Some of the Windjammers had a steam steering machine and even a telephone network. The golden era of the sailing fleet, masterpieces of shipbuilding!

Giant steel sailboats were not equal on distant ocean routes. Unlike smoked steamers, the sailboat did not spend a single gram of coal for the entire voyage (however, many of them still had an auxiliary machine for special occasions). Moreover, the sailboat was faster - the fresh breeze accelerated the windjammer to 15 and more nodes, which was twice the cruising speed of the ships of those years.

Vingjammery successfully competed with steamboats up to 1914 year. With the opening of the Panama Canal, the sailing fleet was doomed, the Panama Canal changed all the shipping routes in the New World. The situation of 1869 of the year was completely repeated, when the opening of the Suez Canal put an end to the era of "tea clippers". Impassable for the Windjammers, the Suez and Panama Canals became the stumbling block of the sailing fleet. The handsome Vingjammers resisted for about thirty years, but their time was considered - the fuming and rumbling steam engine confidently forced out the white panels of sails.

Four-masted bark "Kruzenshtern", the former German windjammer "Padua" (1926 g.). Russian training sailing vessel, repeated participant of round-the-world expeditions.
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  1. Vadivak
    Vadivak April 15 2013 09: 11 New
    +4
    If we already remembered Kruzenshtern, that is, there was also Sedov, a four-masted bark (built in 1921 as Magdalene Vinnen II), renamed in 1945 in honor of the famous Russian polar explorer Georgy Yakovlevich Sedov. It is the world's largest training sailing vessel.
    1. 755962
      755962 April 15 2013 11: 03 New
      +3
      Quote: Vadivak
      there is still "Sedov"


      Sedov is the world's largest sailing ship. The length of the vessel is 117,5 m, displacement - 7320 tons, crew - 320 people, sail area - 4192 sq. M. The legendary four-masted barque Sedov, listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest training sailing vessel in the world, in 2011 90 years old.
      1. 755962
        755962 April 15 2013 11: 24 New
        +3
        History has the property of repeating itself, or everything comes to its normal place. And therefore, I won’t be surprised if in the near future sailboats will go to the expanses of the oceans. And there are already prerequisites for this.

        After providing the public with the Eoseas cruise ship project of the future, STX Europe representatives continue to amaze us with new environmentally friendly and cost-effective projects.

        Given the depletion of minerals, namely oil products, shipbuilders touched on the subject of warships, as they were simply overlooked. Representatives of the DCNS company put forward a radical solution to the problem - a return to military sailing ships.

        Based on this point of view, French engineers designed a sailing vessel that looks like a frigate battleship. The project received the name SMX-40.12 and has the following technical characteristics: length - 150 m and displacement - 4000 tons.

        The masts of the military sailing ship will be retractable, which will allow for the availability of a helipad, traditionally located in the aft of the frigate, and will also allow the production of vertical rocket launches from the ship.

        Representatives of DCNS set a specific goal - to change the stable views of shipbuilders.

        Already in the coming years, oil prices will rise significantly, and budgetary allocations in such conditions will present real problems for the life and development of the navies of various countries, as fuel costs are growing inexorably. Therefore, French shipbuilders have proposed a real alternative to typical power plants to maintain the required level of combat readiness.

        As part of the new concept, the French navy has already proposed developing a design for a new coastal patrol vessel. The famous French schooner Belle Poule will be chosen as a prototype.

        http://korabley.net/news/voennyj_parusnyj_korabl_ot_kompanii_stx_europe/2011-04-
        02-813
        1. Santa Fe
          April 15 2013 13: 53 New
          +4
          Quote: 755962
          History has the property of repeating itself, or everything comes "to square one"

          How do you like the idea of ​​an anti-submarine sailing ship? - absolutely invulnerable to the submarine (she does not hear it), at the same time he hears everything and even more)))
          1. Mikola
            Mikola April 15 2013 14: 24 New
            +6
            It will be the most peaceful anti-submarine ship smile With his max. 15 knots behind the wind, he will not catch up with any submarine, except if the submarine is also sailing
            1. Vadivak
              Vadivak April 15 2013 15: 54 New
              +4
              Quote: Mikola
              With his max. 15 knots behind the wind, he will not catch up with any submarine, except if the submarine is also sailing


              That's what I appreciate so much is healthy communication humor. Plus and thanks.
            2. Santa Fe
              April 15 2013 16: 09 New
              +5
              Quote: Mikola
              With his max. 15 knots in the wind, he will not catch up with any submarine

              The first task of an anti-submarine ship is to DETECT a submarine
              This requires patrolling in a given area, and you need to do this as quietly as possible.

              And then he cuts 30 nodes under the diesels and throws the boat in depth ammunition
              Quote: Mikola
              except if the submarine is also sailing

              There was such a chip

              Finally convinced of the impossibility of giving a move, Kolyshkin reported on the radio to the commander of the Northern Fleet: “I was blown up by a mine, I have no move, I can’t dive. Location: 71 ° 06 'N 26 ° 50' E Waiting for urgent help” . The observations made by the navigator Marinkin showed that the submarine drifted at a speed of 1,5 knots in the direction of Cape Nordkapp, where the German observation post was located.
              In this situation, it was necessary before dawn, at about 3 hours, to move as far away from the coast as possible. To do this, at the suggestion of Kolyshkin, in the 01.05 09.04.1942, from the tarps on the boat (diesel covers), two sails were built, which were raised on the periscopes, and the SC-421 began to move slowly under sails in a north-westerly direction. Management was carried out on the wheelhouse magnetic compass, which turned out to be the least affected. The course of the boat ranged up to 30 °.
              1. 755962
                755962 April 15 2013 16: 13 New
                +2
                Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                The first task of an anti-submarine ship is to DETECT a submarine

                Here they are, "Golden Words"! Well, hereinafter ..
              2. Vadivak
                Vadivak April 16 2013 14: 23 New
                +1
                I re-read the article again, I liked it
          2. 755962
            755962 April 15 2013 16: 05 New
            +3
            Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
            How do you like the idea of ​​an anti-submarine sailing ship?

            Why not? Plus the sea! Yes, at least the same patrol ship of the coastal zone ... what is not an option? He will fulfill his mission 100%! He hears, sees, and can bark if necessary. The Germans were not afraid of a raider And no matter. Unlimited cruising range again. Yes, the same reconnaissance. Variants, where the sail can still serve a good service or count (well, except perhaps for large-tonnage vessels, AVM, KR), but from the guard to the frigate ..)) )
            Oh hike I'm an incorrigible romantic))) Forgive the old ...
      2. Civil
        Civil April 15 2013 21: 07 New
        +2
        again there is the popularity of the sailing fleet
  2. svp67
    svp67 April 15 2013 09: 38 New
    +3
    And also "Comrade", although he is now Ukrainian, but how many Russian sailors were trained on it ...
  3. viruskvartirus
    viruskvartirus April 15 2013 10: 19 New
    +3
    Yes ... people can not only crave everything around, but to create such things, windjammers and tea clippers are masterpieces, maybe they will still be in demand.
  4. svp67
    svp67 April 15 2013 11: 36 New
    +3
    "Comrade" former German "Gorch Fock"
  5. pinecone
    pinecone April 15 2013 13: 10 New
    +2
    It is necessary to build, at least for cruises, in order to at least somehow restrain the process of monstrous pollution of the World Ocean.
    1. Santa Fe
      April 15 2013 13: 46 New
      +1
      Quote: pinecone
      the process of monstrous pollution of the World Ocean.

      tales of brothers makeup

      a person is not yet strong enough to spoil the whole ocean))) usually the sea is clean everywhere
      1. postman
        postman April 15 2013 16: 12 New
        +2
        [/ Center]
        Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
        a person is not yet strong enough to spoil the whole ocean))) usually the sea is clean everywhere


        You are very mistaken.
        [Center]
        Read German studies 2012 (it is regrettable that the Germans recycling 94% of plastic drink and get someone else's plastic)
        1. postman
          postman April 15 2013 16: 18 New
          +2
          Can you imagine that this is the Maldives?

          THIS IS MALDIVES!
          The artificial island of Tilafushi is located just 7 kilometers from the capital of the Maldives.

          Trash planet
          We have been eating our waste for a long time.
          In 2008, world plastic consumption reached a record 260 million tons.

          The largest landfill on the globe was the Pacific Garbage Island, slowly drifting clockwise halfway between Asia and North America, northeast of the Hawaiian Islands. It consists of millions of tons of plastic garbage scattered over an area that, according to some estimates, exceeds the territory of the US state of Texas, and according to others - all of the USA. If, according to the United Nations Environment Program, in 1999 the concentration of man-made garbage in the North Pacific was 0,002 g plastic per square meter of ocean surface, then in 2005, 0,004 g per square meter was already observed in the same place. In 2006, each square mile of the ocean surface contained 46 pieces of drifting plastic.

          Nylon and kapron nets abandoned and lost by fishermen (they make up up to 20% of the world's marine litter), plastic bottles and other containers, lids from them, disposable lighters, plastic bags, shoes (for the most part sneakers for some reason) and clothes are gathered here from synthetics.

          But basically, this is not plastic debris, large and distinguishable with the naked eye, but the so-called microplastic. You can’t walk along the plastic “islands”; you cannot put a seaplane on them - figuratively speaking, it is a soup made of plastic, which has disintegrated into microscopic particles under the influence of ultraviolet radiation and sea water. Decayed, but not gone anywhere.


          Given that for 2,5 billion people, a third of all people living on the globe, fish supply at least 20% of all animal protein, the threat of a new source of mass pollution becomes very real: tons and tons of plastic drift across the ocean and swallowed by fish, which then people eat. The same story with oysters and other shellfish. In essence, humanity eats its own garbage.
          1. postman
            postman April 15 2013 16: 42 New
            +3
            An artificial island called Tilafushi is located just 7 kilometers from the capital of the Maldives
            [Center]

            [Center]

            [Center]

            They say that the son of the famous French oceanographer Jacques Cousteau, who set off to make a new film in Hawaii, almost got a heart attack at the sight of these mountains of garbage.

            [Center]

            [Center]

            Today, the Great Pacific Landfill is 90 percent plastic, the total mass of which is six times the mass of natural plankton. Today, the area of ​​all garbage spots exceeds even the territory of the USA! Every 10 years, the area of ​​this colossal dump increases by an order of magnitude.


            Swimming in indian

            [Center]

            [Center]

            [Center]


            Manshit Nasser is a garbage community in Egypt, where garbage from all major cities flows. People actually live here and dig tunnels for themselves in search of something that could be resold. About 80% of all rubbish they ultimately resell.
            [Center]
          2. Santa Fe
            April 15 2013 16: 48 New
            +2
            I heard about the "great garbage collider" in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
            I think this is a lie of false ecologists for cutting grants

            The seas and oceans are pretty clean, no "fields of oil stains" or impassable "islands of platinum bottles."
            Quote: Postman
            THIS IS MALDIVES!

            This is a landfill in the Maldives. Lucky angle
            1. postman
              postman April 15 2013 16: 58 New
              +2
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              I think this is a lie of false ecologists for cutting grants

              No. I saw a film (myself) German and on-line broadcasting of cameras on buoys.

              280 kg / year (!) Is divided by 000 km000 (world ocean area, offhand) = we get 0,8 kg / km2
              (I exaggerate, not all the plastic in the sea, of course, some are drowning, well, etc., BUT the figure is also YEAR, and in 2008 it is now 26% more)

              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              no "fields of oil stains" or impassable "islands of platinum bottles"

              Oil is nonsense, compared to plastic (oil often spills out + decomposes, and plastic - from 50 years)

              Salvage say?


              The American oceanologist Charles Moore, the discoverer of this "great Pacific garbage spot", also known as the "garbage cycle," believes that about 100 million tons of floating rubbish are circling in this region.
              The consistency of the stain is very similar to a plastic soup. It is simply endless - perhaps twice the size of the continental United States..

              The story of the discovery of the garbage spot by Murom is quite interesting: 14 years ago, a young playboy and yachtsman Charles Moore, the son of a wealthy chemical tycoon, decided after a session at the University of California to rest in the Hawaiian Islands. At the same time, Charles decided to try his new yacht in the ocean. For the sake of time, I swam straight. And a few days later Charles realized that he had swam in the trash.

              “During the week, every time I went out on deck, some plastic trash floated past,” Moore wrote in his book Plastics are Forever? - I could not believe my eyes: how could we spoil such a huge water area? In this trash I had to swim day after day, and she could not see the end ... "

              Swimming through tons of household waste turned Moore's life upside down. He sold all his shares and with the proceeds he founded the environmental organization Algalita Marine Research Foundation (AMRF), which began to study the ecological state of the Pacific Ocean. His reports and warnings were often dismissed, not taking seriously. Probably, a similar fate would have awaited the current AMRF report, but here nature itself helped ecologists - January storms threw more than 70 tons of plastic garbage onto the beaches of the islands of Kauai and Niihau
              .
              1. Santa Fe
                April 15 2013 17: 31 New
                0
                Quote: Postman
                Xnumx xnumx

                I do not believe in the existence of gigantic landfills in the ocean.
                Practice shows that all the garbage very quickly ends up on the shore.
                Quote: Postman
                Swimming through tons of household waste turned Moore's life upside down. He sold all his shares and with the proceeds he founded the environmental organization Algalita Marine Research Foundation (AMRF)

                those. Engaged in a profitable environmental business. grants, symposia, environmental reputation, influence and money through influence
                Quote: Postman
                “For a week, whenever I went on deck, some plastic trash floated past,

                complete nonsense. the sea is always clean. even where there would seem to be heaps of garbage - the Atlantic coast of the USA, the Mediterranean Sea
                1. postman
                  postman April 15 2013 19: 41 New
                  0
                  Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                  complete nonsense. the sea is always clean. even where there would seem to be heaps of garbage - the Atlantic coast of the USA, the Mediterranean Sea

                  Here is the wrong Thomas.
                  I’ll be on board myself - I’ll send a photo.
                  You have not gone out to sea for a long time .....
            2. postman
              postman April 15 2013 19: 44 New
              0
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              This is a landfill in the Maldives. Lucky angle

              The best(for MSW management) that I video on the mainland - this is NORWAY, Trondheim.
              On the island of Tenerife (you don’t even know if you don’t know where), but they really have a rock in the sea of ​​volcanic origin + a bunch of caves from an extinct race.
  6. Vadivak
    Vadivak April 15 2013 14: 12 New
    +5
    Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
    How do you like the idea of ​​an anti-submarine sailing ship? - absolutely invulnerable to nuclear submarines (she does not hear it),


    Hi Oleg, I remember reading from one author

    The Empire had another strong unused reserve of struggle - the conclusion to the sea ... of a sailing anti-submarine fleet.

    Take your time to laugh. The development of Russian technology in the 80s made it possible to create sailing warships. After all, they are ultra-quiet compared to the current screw, with mechanical traction. They are ideal submarine trackers, capable of not spending a gram of fuel for weeks. Boats do not hear them!

    So, a lightweight body with aerodynamic contours of fiberglass or plastic. Strong synthetic sail "yacht" form, controlled by a simple computer. (Or stiff aerodynamic sails in the form of vertical wings). Wind power units capable of providing anti-wind travel.

    On such a sailboat, a reserve gas turbine machine of 45 thousand forces was installed, which was switched on at the time of notching and pursuing the enemy. And also - a low-frequency locator-sonar, "Needles", retractable system of "quick weapons", missile torpedoes and "Medvedka". Perhaps - and the battery of small class X anti-ship missiles. And necessarily - satellite communications.

    Dozens of such sailing ships could patrol in the World Ocean, using the trade winds, combining combat duty with the training of cadets. Becoming a great data collection network. The most important thing is the cheap one, capable at the critical moment of destroying the enemy’s scored boats.

    Developing sailing technology. The empire also received a powerful means of enrichment. For in parallel with the military, cargo and fishing sailing ships would be built according to the knurled scheme, saving hundreds of thousands of tons of expensive fuel, able to even go against the wind. We are no longer talking about the fact that sailboats could become a means of educating healthy, strong youth - the foundation of the future Empire.

    Maxim Kalashnikov.
    1. Mikola
      Mikola April 15 2013 14: 32 New
      +2
      You try sailing, go against the wind on a motor - an unforgettable feeling of idiocy smile In the meantime, this “wrestler” will remove the sails, the submarine will drown him, because he will find himself with a working engine and wild boatsman screams that he will rush the cadets to remove the sails. Well, you can’t make all fairy tales come true.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak April 15 2013 15: 03 New
        +2
        Quote: Mikola
        In the meantime, this "wrestler" will remove the sails


        Well, ate gitles or chose to manually choose yes then, but as far as I know there is an automated system, this time and the second "motor" can not just disperse a sailboat, but a hydrofoil sailboat and from -35-50 nodal speed
        1. Mikola
          Mikola April 15 2013 15: 18 New
          0
          hydrofoil sailboat
          It’s just a Nobel Prize will be for solving the stability problem of such a design smile It’s easier to fly to Mars.
          1. Santa Fe
            April 15 2013 15: 48 New
            +1
            Quote: Mikola
            It’s just a Nobel Prize will be for solving the stability problem of such a design

            Catamaran

            Where is my nobel? smile
          2. Vadivak
            Vadivak April 15 2013 15: 50 New
            +4
            Quote: Mikola
            It’s just a Nobel Prize will be for solving the stability problem of such a design

            As the Jews say - I have them,

            Hydrofoam trimaran



            Alain Tabot and the Hydropter, a 59-foot trimaran. The design uses two underwater wings 6,4 m long, which are mounted on floats at an angle of 45 degrees to the vertical. These wings create such a lifting force that the main body of the boat can come out of the water at a wind speed of only 12 knots. Due to the incredible load on the wings, the Hydropter was equipped with “load limiters” - gas shock absorbers filled with nitrogen. Each wing is fixed movably and can move up to 60 cm. If the wing load exceeds a certain value (for example, a boat hits a large wave), then “load limiters” begin to work, ensuring safe movement at high speeds. Hydropter, like many other experimental devices, has already overcome growth diseases (among them there were very serious ones). Tabo and his team are confident in the success of this design and plan to build a new generation of hydroplanes, including large ones.
            1. viruskvartirus
              viruskvartirus April 16 2013 12: 52 New
              0
              Class .. here I understand the technique and progress.
            2. Mikola
              Mikola April 16 2013 14: 03 New
              0
              Quote: Vadivak
              including large sizes.
              That's when they build it then it will be relevant. And they will build it again in the West ...
      2. Santa Fe
        April 15 2013 15: 53 New
        +3
        Quote: Mikola
        You try sailing, go against the wind on a motor - an unforgettable feeling of idiocy

        just a circuit
      3. 755962
        755962 April 15 2013 16: 11 New
        +1
        Quote: Mikola
        In the meantime, this "wrestler" will remove the sails

        Her (PL) is the main thing to discover .. Is there a matter of technology, or do you think that the “scout” will be the only one to cruise in the search area? In the sky and under water, a couple of friends will probably be ... with the “gifts” hi
  7. Mikola
    Mikola April 15 2013 15: 28 New
    +1
    and to the first, even an automated system will not quickly remove the sails. smile I understand that you are a land admiral
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 15 2013 15: 43 New
      +2
      Quote: Mikola
      I understand that you are a land admiral


      Absolutely true, but I love the sea
      1. Santa Fe
        April 15 2013 15: 55 New
        +2
        Quote: Vadivak
        Absolutely true, but I love the sea

        And who doesn’t like the sea ?! laughing
        1. Vadivak
          Vadivak April 15 2013 16: 10 New
          +3
          Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
          And who doesn’t like the sea ?!


          No Oleg, I somehow feel the sea in a different way and always face to face, and not in a warm company, because it is a living organism, (you didn’t knowingly wrote a hundred, you didn’t know how to make a mistake, I think the self-cleaning mechanism works) I generally I treat with some primitive respect and to the sea so generally with trepidation
          1. Santa Fe
            April 15 2013 17: 09 New
            +1
            Quote: Vadivak
            No Oleg, I somehow feel the sea in a different way and I am sure to face it, and not in a warm company, because water is a living organism

            Vadim, you’re a philosopher!
            Quote: Vadivak
            I generally treat the reservoirs with some primitive respect, and to the sea in general with trepidation

            when the shore hides behind the horizon goose bumps
            better not to think about it
            1. Vadivak
              Vadivak April 15 2013 17: 55 New
              +2
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              Vadim, you’re a philosopher!


              God forbid, this is how I describe my emotions.
              Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
              when the shore hides behind the horizon goose bumps


              That's right, and you understand what a crown you are, the first time it was
  8. atalef
    atalef April 15 2013 16: 08 New
    +3
    Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
    And who doesn’t like the sea ?!

    Those who live near him are indifferent to the sea. It is like a forest, meadow or field in Russia. For example, I somehow respect fresh water more.
    View from the window to-ry
    1. 755962
      755962 April 15 2013 16: 19 New
      +1
      It's beautiful with you .. What kind of city is this?
      1. atalef
        atalef April 15 2013 16: 33 New
        +3
        Quote: 755962
        It's beautiful with you .. What kind of city is this?

        Kiryat Yam is a suburb of Haifa. (Generally translated as (roughly speaking) a sea city, although in general the distance between Haifa and Kiryat Yam -70 meters is a separate city)
        View from the second window to Mount Carmel (more precisely, to the slopes of the mountain - 12 km from us.)
        1. Vadivak
          Vadivak April 15 2013 16: 53 New
          +1
          Quote: atalef
          Kiryat Yam - a suburb of Haifa


          They say that during the war in the Mediterranean Sea it was difficult for submarines to work, they were calmly seen at a depth of more than 30 meters.
          1. atalef
            atalef April 15 2013 17: 16 New
            +3
            Quote: Vadivak
            They say that during the war in the Mediterranean, it was difficult for submarines to work, they were calmly seen at a depth of more than 30 meters

            I don’t know, hardly. As a man diving with scuba gear, I’ll say that the Mediterranean Sea is quite muddy. (You can’t compare with the Red Sea) And it’s difficult to see a scuba diver from a boat at 30 meters, although there will be a submarine. you know, maybe you will see on 30 m, but this is only with almost zero excitement.
            1. postman
              postman April 15 2013 19: 51 New
              +1
              Quote: atalef
              that the Mediterranean is quite muddy

              1.Then it was cleaner
              2.Mediterranean- The cleanest water off the Greek and Cretan coast (where the fighting went). Moreover, most of the Greek beaches even got blue flags, which means compliance with the strict environmental requirements of the European Union. The coast of Israel and Turkey is also famous for its clear water.
              But off the coast France, Spain and Italy - countries with developed industry - Mediterranean water does not differ in purity. Spain was even fined by the European Union for a significant violation of environmental standards. But it didn’t help either. currently, every tenth beach from Cannes to Capri does not meet the environmental standards of the European Union.
              3. Vadim meant of course from an airplane(and not from the ship)
              4. I, as a person who was forbidden to dive, will say that you will find the submarine from the side, IF YOU WILL KNOW WHERE to look and there is no ripple, even in muddy water.
              (not applicable lakes having a peat bottom .... yes )
              The object is not weak
              1. Vadivak
                Vadivak April 16 2013 10: 03 New
                +1
                Quote: Postman
                Vadim meant of course from the plane (and not from the ship)


                hi + + + +
        2. postman
          postman April 15 2013 17: 51 New
          +2
          Quote: atalef
          View from the window to-ry

          Quote: atalef
          Kiryat Yam is a suburb of Haifa. (

          ====================
          St. Petersburg - (view from the window of the apartment on the Gulf of Finland) - in the afternoon (now. The weather is not very, and the camera is just a phone)


          And night
          1. atalef
            atalef April 15 2013 18: 04 New
            +3
            Quote: Postman
            St. Petersburg - (view from the window of the apartment on the Gulf of Finland) - in the afternoon (now. The weather is not very, and the camera is just a phone)

            Beauty is not forgotten since childhood. I did not live out of town good
            1. postman
              postman April 15 2013 19: 16 New
              +2
              Quote: atalef
              I did not live out of town

              Courage Square
              (note not to be confused with masculinitylol!)
          2. Santa Fe
            April 15 2013 20: 26 New
            0
            Quote: Postman
            St. Petersburg - (view from the window of the apartment on the Gulf of Finland) - in the afternoon (now. The weather is not very, and the camera is just a phone)

            I think you can see high-rise buildings from the windows)))
    2. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 15 2013 16: 35 New
      +2
      Quote: atalef
      View from the window to-ry


      Some are lucky smile
      1. atalef
        atalef April 15 2013 16: 40 New
        +2
        Quote: Vadivak
        Some are lucky

        Not always
        This is from the third window (to the North) mountains in the distance - this is Lebanon (35 km), and there Hezbollah and Katyusha reached us freely in the last war. One fell not far from home
        Mountain ridge - already Lebanon
        1. Vadivak
          Vadivak April 15 2013 17: 00 New
          +2
          Quote: atalef
          and there Hezbollah and in the last war Katyusha reached us freely. One fell not far from home


          Well, what can I except sympathize with? As Shakespeare said, a bad world is better than a good quarrel, but this is a separate issue.
          1. atalef
            atalef April 15 2013 17: 22 New
            +2
            Quote: Vadivak
            Well, what can I except sympathize with?

            In each apartment in our apartment one of the rooms is a bomb shelter - 20 cm of reinforced concrete. explosion-proof sealed window with two-centimeter-thick sliding steel shutters and a steel door (100 kg of weight) (although I pulled the door into the pantry because it is not beautiful, but it takes 30 minutes to return it to its place. there have never been any victims (if people were in a sheltered room). Consolation is weak, but nonetheless.
            Especially after the 2-th Lebanon there was no shelling.
            1. Santa Fe
              April 15 2013 17: 46 New
              +1
              atalef, is life in Israel so good that you are ready to put up with Katyush’s breaks if you want to live in Kiryat Yam?
              a clear contradiction to the “pyramid of human needs” of the psychologist Maslow, where safety comes first

              or, I suspect, shelling is rare and the chance of dying from Kassam is less than the chance of being killed by lightning or the fall of a giant meteorite ... in general, none of this makes

              Quote: atalef
              steel door (100 kg of weight) (although I stole the door into the pantry, because it is not beautiful, but it takes 30 minutes to return it to its place

              remembered
              conning tower battleship "New Jersey"
              1. atalef
                atalef April 15 2013 18: 14 New
                +2
                Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                atalef, is life in Israel so good that you are ready to put up with Katyush’s breaks if you want to live in Kiryat Yam?

                Here I feel at home and that’s it.
                Life is not easy, there is a lot of work, the climate is not easy, wars - but here I feel my home and homeland
                Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                a clear contradiction to the “pyramid of human needs” of the psychologist Maslow, where safety comes first

                There is little logic in life, and even if one were to follow his theory of war there would be no a priori.

                Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                shelling is rare and the chance of dying from Kassam is less than the chance of being killed by lightning or the fall of a giant meteorite ... in general, none of this makes

                Kasams - this is in the south, perish - here, in general, the people are optimistic and altruistic. For 20 years I've seen everything, and the restaurant in 200 was blown up and buses, Katyusha fell in 50 (not a terrible explosion but the howling of a falling rocket) and Hurricanes a couple of kilometers (the same is not nice). If you look for safety, it's just not here. But that’s it. I live here and I will live here.
                Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN
                remembered
                conning tower battleship "New Jersey"

                Cool, we have a similar one in the main dispatch control of the energy system.
                1. 755962
                  755962 April 15 2013 20: 50 New
                  +2
                  Peace to your home.
    3. postman
      postman April 15 2013 17: 50 New
      +1
      Quote: atalef
      View from the window to-ry

      Quote: atalef
      Kiryat Yam is a suburb of Haifa. (

      ====================
      St. Petersburg - (view from the window of the apartment on the Gulf of Finland) - in the afternoon (now. The weather is not very, and the camera is just a phone)
  9. Vadivak
    Vadivak April 15 2013 16: 37 New
    +1
    Quote: Postman
    Can you imagine that this is the Maldives?

    Vasya is a quiet horror, if it goes on like that, they will soon be swept off the face of the earth
    1. postman
      postman April 15 2013 17: 08 New
      +1

      Actually this is creepy. just look at the topic
      The season will begin I will send (put) a photo (REAL)


      Toks LAKES.

      Hepojärvi Lake
      Light Lake
      Lake Verojärvi (Crooked)
      Kavgolovskoe lake
      Kurgolovskoe lake




      a place of rest for Russians -Pitertsev. (I haven’t gone there already)
      and you can’t explain: SO IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DO !!!
      I ate, drank, collect, take away.
      NO devoured, shame, threw, left, next Sunday in another place.

      HOW DO YOU THINK WHY I COLLECT MUSHROOMS IN FINLAND (and not only me) ??????
      1. Santa Fe
        April 15 2013 17: 25 New
        +1
        Quote: Postman
        Toksovsky LAKES

        I found someone to give an example. Still granite quarries in the central park of Chelyabinsk recall))
        Stagnant water, a favorite resting place for cultural Petersburgers - the result is obvious
        Quote: Postman
        I ate, drank, collect, take away.

        The shore is usually cluttered, the water is much cleaner
        Quote: Postman
        HOW DO YOU THINK WHY I COLLECT MUSHROOMS IN FINLAND

        Because you have a multiple Finnish visa
        1. postman
          postman April 15 2013 17: 36 New
          +1
          Quote: SWEET_SIXTEEN

          Because you have a multiple Finnish visa

          3 year old !!!! and not only to me, but even to sabaki.

          with the right to work (current work cannot be found)
          ====================================================================== ================
          But seriously: MUSHROOMS THERE ARE MORE ORDER AND CLEANER, AND GENERALLY SPEAKING: PERFECT PURITY (even overdone).
          In addition to parking, where there are compatriots.
      2. Vadivak
        Vadivak April 15 2013 18: 00 New
        +1
        Quote: Postman
        HOW DO YOU THINK WHY I COLLECT MUSHROOMS IN FINLAND (and not only me


        Well, I don’t have such luxury as Finland, but I heard that half of Peter goes to Finland for washing powder, for some reason it has a washing effect and does not spread dirt
        1. postman
          postman April 15 2013 19: 27 New
          +1
          Quote: Vadivak
          but I heard that half of Peter goes to Finland for washing powder,

          It seems so. For Feri too.
          Yes, and now alcohol in Finland is more profitable to buy (except for cheap), more reliable and cheaper (I'm not talking about a dyutik)
          ================================================== ====
          You can get alegro at all quickly (now at a discount of 20 or 30 euros), they will start a direct train from the summer, I was in Lapa for 2 hours by car (if there is no traffic jam at the border)

          About Powders and Feri, I don’t know (far from me, I with higher education do not know how to approach the washer)
          And so, if the wife takes the rides (I know this, maybe yum yum):
          -wash
          meat
          -coffee
          -tea
          -sweet
          vegetable, fruit
          -FISH AND CAVIAR 100%
          (The fish drove in, they salted with you, while it arrived, it was salted, snore with pleasure)
          WITH SUCH A SIGN, IT IS NECESSARY TO TAKE:
          [Center]

          http://www.hyvaasuomesta.fi/russian


          -I have all sorts of screws (it would be better if I didn’t bring it) Ypres.

          http://www.info-finlandia.ru/public/default.aspx?contentid=201401
          http://www.datsha.com/rus/uutiset/100811.shtml

          ==============================
          Curd there (in our understanding) - no
          and this is minus
        2. postman
          postman April 15 2013 19: 39 New
          +2
          Quote: Vadivak
          Well, I have such a luxury

          № 2
          Vadim if you are in our area, be sure to visit:
          http://www.mandrogi.ru/
          [Center]
          NOTE:
          1.better with an overnight stay or without a car = MUSEUMS AND CREEPAGE there is amazing
          2. VVP (our president) happens there, two hacienda under it (I can send a photo): old and new
          3. truth for visitors - a little expensive
          1. Vadivak
            Vadivak April 16 2013 10: 10 New
            +1
            Quote: Postman
            Vadim if you are in our area, be sure to visit:


            Certainly
  10. postman
    postman April 15 2013 17: 19 New
    0
    I would like to correct the respected author
    1. Scarlet sails do not happen, well, except for Green and ours in St. Petersburg(seasonally)
    Sudostroenie Publishing House, Leningrad, 1977. On page 270 we read:
    "The sail for the sails was always light gray ... It should be remembered that only American clippers carried white cotton sails."

    In modern color photographs from Flavio Serafini's Vintage yachts of the World, you often come across yellowish sails. Kurti criticized inaccuracies in pre-Internet times.
    Ship Model Book, Part III, Models of Sailing Ships, USSR DOSAAF Publishing House, 1983, author A. Tselovalnikov, p. 141: “The canvas made of linen and hemp was light gray; American clippers carried white cotton sails.”

    “A canvas is a coarse linen weave made from hemp or linen yarn. It is used to prepare sails, tents, tarpaulins, etc., often being impregnated with compounds that make it watertight ”(Brockhaus and Efron, vol. XXa, p. 894, art. Parusina). The fabric for the sails was not whitened, in order to maintain its strength.

    Conclusion No. 1: Flaxen sails - gray, hemp - yellowish-green, cotton - white
    Conclusion No. 2 It is also suggested that the sails were white, because they were made from low-quality cheap raw materials, which is understandable in principle - the war was for cost reduction and in general the war was

    2. "Scarlet Sails" turned into global world brand of St. Petersburg
    no matter how bent you are, for using without permission ....
    tongue
    1. smart ass
      smart ass April 16 2013 07: 46 New
      0
      Scarlet sails are a great sight ... I visited your land, this year I will go
  11. Kars
    Kars April 15 2013 18: 41 New
    +1
    I remembered the story of Jack London .. The rebellion on Elsinore ..
  12. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee April 16 2013 04: 02 New
    +6
    "An anchored corvette dropped into history,
    Mnogotrubnye lumps are held in high esteem "
    V.S. Vysotsky