Lviv is the streets named after the leaders of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and “Heroes of the UPA”, houses with bas-reliefs of figures who collaborated with the Germans in 1941 — 1944. Lviv is a monument to the victims of the famine and the communist terror. Lviv is bookstores, where books about the national liberation movement against Moscow's dominion are crowded on the shelves. These are souvenir shops where they sell T-shirts with the inscription “Partisan’s Heart”, but these are other partisans from the UPA. On the building of the former Soviet consulate - a memorial plaque in honor of the militant OUN, who in 1933, by order of Bandera, shot at a point-blank Soviet diplomat.
Galicia was not part of the Russian, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Ukrainian national idea was born here. Here 1 November 1918 was declared the Western Ukrainian Republic. But it did not last long. Already on November 4, it was attacked by Polish troops, and after fierce fighting, they conquered Galicia. And Eastern Ukraine became part of the USSR. In September 1939 of the year, Western Ukraine already met with flowers the Red Army as a liberator from Polish oppression, but collectivization, mass expulsions and repressions of the NKVD, blessed by the Stalinist regime, quickly changed the mood of Ukrainians.
Such fanatics and radicals as Stepan Bandera saddled the national idea. They proceeded from the fact that Ukraine is only for Ukrainians. The organization of Ukrainian nationalists has developed as a terrorist organization. Considering Russians, Poles, and Jews as enemies, Bandera and his comrades-in-arms sought support from the Germans. But they misinterpreted the intentions of Nazi Germany. Berlin saw in the Ukrainian nationalists auxiliary force in the war against the USSR. And Bandera decided that the Germans would give the Ukrainians what the Poles and the Russians refused: an independent state.
In Ukraine, there is a dispute over who exactly arranged 30 on June 1941 of the year in the Lvov by the Soviet troops in Jewish and Polish pogroms: the Nachtigall battalion formed by the Abwehr from OUN activists, hastily created by the local population ... But one thing is clear: innocent people They were killed because Bandera and his comrades preached evil nationalism and called for the killing of "the enemies of the nation."
For the self-organized mayhem, the Germans could only thank the Ukrainian nationalists. But 30 June 1941, the people of Bandera, without asking the Germans, declared in Lviv the restoration of an independent Ukrainian state. They hoped that the Germans would recognize Ukraine as an ally. But Hitler was furious: an independent Ukraine was not part of his plans. On these fertile lands, he proposed to place German colonists. That is why Bandera and many of his associates were arrested. Ukrainian nationalists found themselves in contra with the Nazis against their own will. The Germans imprisoned Bandera not because they were anti-fascists, but for self-will.
Some nationalists continued to seek support in Berlin, did not understand why the Germans were pushing away the outstretched hand. Many Ukrainians willingly served in the auxiliary police, guards in the camps, in the punitive units that fought with the partisans, in the volunteer SS units, from which they formed the “Galicia” division. Others, seeing that Germany would not create an independent Ukraine, hated the Germans.
But in the hierarchy of enemies, Germany ranked only third. The second was the Poles. And on the first - Moscow. When the situation at the front changed in favor of the Red Army, the OUN people decided: from now on, all forces would go to fight the Russians. The UPA detachments distracted the forces of the Red Army from the war with the Wehrmacht, thereby delaying the Second World War.
Did Bandera fight for Ukraine? Fought But by criminal methods and in alliance with criminals. And for what Ukraine? Authoritarian, leader's, where only ethnically pure Ukrainians would be allowed to live.
For Eastern Ukraine, the arrival of the Red Army was liberation from the Germans, and Western Ukraine was much less pleased with the restoration of Soviet power. Resistance has become widespread. Partisan war unfolded. In the structures subordinate to Bandera, the Security Service stood out. Esbists were those who even before the war passed through a German special school. They killed everyone who was suspected of collaborating with Muscovites, including teachers, club leaders and doctors. These deaths are on the conscience of Bandera and Shukhevych.
But the war was fierce on both sides. It is necessary to talk about the methods used by Chekists in Western Ukraine. We all need to deal with our past - this is the main thing to be done. Ukrainian history we know very badly. It is time to study it deeply, to treat seriously the key figures of this story and to pay everyone according to his deeds.
Admiration in Russia by many Ukrainians hated by Stalin, the denial of his crimes, characteristic of the Russians (which is no secret) arrogance towards Ukrainians in general only helps Bandera and, many years after death, embroil our truly fraternal peoples. If our historians and publicists abandon the indiscriminate accusations, then in Western Ukraine there will be no desire to defend the undefended, to justify the real criminals. If the attitude to Ukrainian history changes in Russia, the intensity of emotional confrontation will subside. Then, I believe, in Ukraine they will not seek spiritual support in the era of struggle with Russia, they will no longer admire Bandera and Shukhevych, they will look at them more realistically. There are other heroes in Ukraine.