Military Review

Gagarin looks at Roscosmos ... Problems and plans of the Federal Space Agency

42
12 April we celebrated the 52-th anniversary of the first manned space flight. This date itself - 12 April 1961 of the year - became a kind of milestone, which allowed the world to announce the unprecedented achievements of domestic science. Just a few years after the glorious flight of Yuri Gagarin, the Soviet Union was marked by new space achievements - the first flight of a female cosmonaut (Valentina Tereshkova 16 June 1963), the first spacewalk (Alexei Leonov 18 March 1965), the creation and launch of the first in the world planetary rover (Lunokhod-1 1970 year), the launch of the first space station (Salyut 1971 year). And also - launches of satellites, interplanetary unmanned spacecraft, development of systems for the exploration of outer space and much more. This gave an unambiguous reason to call the Soviet Union the main space power on the planet.




Since the time of the Gagarinsky start, years have passed, and, unfortunately, she managed to leave history not only that country, the citizen who was the first cosmonaut, but also the era of stunning domestic space achievements. Increasingly, information about space exploration is associated either with the activities of the American Aerospace Agency, or with European developments. Almost nothing has been heard about Russian space successes in recent years, but often there is information about another failed launch of a spacecraft or the collapse of a space project by the Russian side.

So what happened? Perhaps problems with technical specialists, perhaps, the underfunding of the space industry in Russia, or one overlaps another and ultimately leads to some destructive paradigm that, they say, do we really need this space? Well, and, perhaps, with the development of the space industry in the country, everything is wonderful, only for some unknown reason, all the achievements remain outside the attention of the Russian media? Let us try to sort out the situation and, if possible, identify the problems that are now painfully affecting the Russian space program.

Not so long ago, I had to hear a rather interesting phrase expressed by a person, let's say, the younger generation. This person, answering the question about what he personally knows about the achievements of modern Russian cosmonautics, said that he did not understand at all why billions of rubles are spent on this sphere in Russia, because the state that wants to world domination, and we, they say, are building a free country, which doesn’t have “world domination” in plans ... It’s an interesting idea, isn’t it ... But the same young man did not find the answer to the question: -technologies n can communicate easily on a mobile phone or a route of travel from a browser? .. World domination, uh ...

So - a little allocated funds? But, let me ... Only in the last five years, the financing of Russian space exploration has increased 4 times. If in the 2008 year 46 billion rubles were allocated from the state budget for the space industry, in 2012 there were already almost 140 billion. For the current year, financing of the Russian cosmonautics at the level of 173 billion rubles is laid in the expenditure side of the budget. In addition, the state plans to bring the financing of the industry to 200 billion rubles to 2015 year. For comparison, we will present information about the level of financing the NASA budget. So in 2012, the financing bar stopped at 17,7 billion dollars (531 billion rubles). Yes - it is three times more than the level of financing of the Russian cosmonautics, but it is impossible to say that 173 billion rubles is an impressive amount for the implementation of significant projects. The budget of the EKA (European Space Agency), for example, is 4,2 billion euros (approximately 168 billion rubles) - comparable to the budget of the Russian space industry. Therefore, it is hardly worth mentioning the phrase “underfunding”. After all, even 10 years about the level of financing of the national cosmonautics in 200 billion rubles a year, Russia could only dream of. It turns out that there is money and a lot of money. What prevents them from effectively mastering?

It is worth moving to the staffing of the industry. And here problems are really indicated, which in the Soviet years in this regard could not exist simply by definition. The fact is that today the enterprises that are engaged in the production of space technology and the implementation of technical projects related to space, most of them are specialists whose age is either close to retirement, or has managed to pass this psychological pension bar. Young graduates-specialists (and there are quite a few of them, judging by the monitoring of issues of various technical universities of the Russian Federation), reluctantly come to the designated enterprises. The reason is not only the relatively low wages, but also the uncertainties in obtaining housing. If during the Soviet years, the work itself at an enterprise that was engaged in the production of space technology was considered mega-prestigious, then today, in the era of calculating all human benefits only in monetary terms, not every technical university graduate (even with a baggage of solid knowledge and great potential) will go to a manufacturing enterprise for a salary in 10-12 thousand rubles, if in the usual metropolitan office he can, by playing Klondike solitaire, earn three times the amount. Moreover, the older generation of specialists is extremely reluctant to go on a kind of patronage over those representatives of young people who arrive at production associations. The motivation is about the following: for the wages that I get, I also have to learn how to use milk suckers? .. It is obvious that the money motive also plays a role here.

That is why recently it is often said about the need to urgently increase the level of remuneration of specialists in the space industry, as well as to increase the prestige of the work itself. However, it is often in our country that the phrase “an increase in the level of remuneration of labor” is somehow associated with the phrase “optimization of the industry”. And so what is optimization, many people know firsthand: to fire 500 people, so that the remaining 100 receive a “decent” salary. The optimization option is undoubtedly economical for the state budget, but with an acute shortage of qualified specialists (from ordinary welders to design engineers), any optimization can lead to the most negative consequences.

It is obvious that the authorities of the country understand the existence of serious problems in the space industry that need to be urgently addressed. However, the designated solutions to such problems often look quite dubious. In particular, at the last meeting on the country's space industry in the Amur region of Blagoveshchensk, President Vladimir Putin suggested thinking about creating a space ministry in the Russian government.

How much can the branch ministry solve industry problems? - big question. And even if all the troubles in this or that sphere would come to naught after the creation of special ministries, then all the ways to tackle sensitive issues would have been known in advance. Low milk yields - to create a ministry for milk yields, our biathletes do not shoot well - to launch a biathlon ministry ...

At the same meeting, the head of Roscosmos, Vladimir Popovkin, made a proposal for improving the efficiency of the industry. While the agency he heads has not received ministerial status, Popovkin proposes that the country's leadership and legislators should not sit idly by, but immediately equate the salaries of the agency’s employees to the ministerial and, in addition, add another 50% to those civil servants who are somehow connected with the space industry.
Vladimir Popovkin argues that the officials who oversee the enterprises of the space sector, receive two times less than the average staff of these enterprises. Like, where is this good: no one in the "space" officials after this will not want to ...

Well, what can I say: in fact, the head of Roskosmos opened everyone’s eyes to exactly where the weak points of the Russian cosmonautics appear. It turns out that the main problem is the low level of payment for officials of the agency itself ... In order to finally convince the representatives of the government present at the meeting of the need to urgently increase the salaries of Roscosmos employees, Vladimir Popovkin said:

“The last cuts we were made to do this year are 191 people. By the standards of the Ministry of Labor, we calculated that the criteria should be an 700 person. ”


If you analyze these words, it turns out that Mr. Popovkin himself and 190 of his associates in Roscosmos work for at least four ... It's amazing how with such intensity of work after a tiring workday Vladimir Alexandrovich had enough strength to get to Blagoveshchensk and express his thoughts out loud? .. How did he not fall at all from exhaustion? ..

Leaving aside cosmic problems, the causes of which, thanks to Vladimir Popovkin, we found out, we should touch on those projects that Roskosmos is working on today or is going to work in the near future.

The main project implemented on budgetary funds is the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome. President Putin said that the first launches from this cosmodrome should take place already in 2015, and by 2020, the Vostochny cosmodrome should begin full-fledged work. At the same time, it was stated that a modern space camp should grow by 30-40 thousands of inhabitants near the cosmodrome. The head of state even made a proposal for the name of this town. In his opinion, the city should have a name associated with the name Tsiolkovsky. It is planned that the Vostochny space center will become an international platform for space launches and become one of the innovation centers of Russia. The proposal with the name of the town in honor of Tsiolkovsky looks very sensible, but at the same time the phrase “innovation center” is alarming. After another “innovation center”, Skolkovo is alarming ...

Roscosmos announces the launch of a project to build an absolutely new spacecraft ready for interplanetary flights. It is planned that the ship will move in outer space based on the use of energy of a compact nuclear power plant up to 1 MW. Vladimir Popovkin, outlining the likely technical characteristics of the new spacecraft, said that his first flight would take place already in 5 years. It should be noted that the working design of the device has not yet begun ...

The head of Roscosmos announced that in the 2015-2016 year, the Russian lunar apparatus would have to reach the surface of the moon in its polar region and carry out the sampling of the lunar soil. In this case, the soil will not be taken from the surface of the natural satellite of the Earth, but from a depth of at least 2-meters. True, while in Roskosmos they do not explain for what purposes the “new” lunar soil was needed, the “old” samples of which for the last 40 over the years have been delivered about half a ton to Earth (and by Soviet unmanned stations from different depths).

Roscosmos plans are not exhausted. The same Vladimir Popovkin expressed confidence that approximately in 2028 a super-heavy rocket will be created in the depths of the agency, thanks to which flights to the Moon will become as common as going to a country cottage.

Roscosmos plans to equip the asteroid Apophis with a beacon as part of the deployment of a new program to protect against space threats. According to Vladimir Popovkin, the lighthouse will accurately calculate the asteroid's orbit, which can be used to obtain information about the approach of a space body at a dangerous distance to the Earth.

In general, the plans, you have to admit, are huge, and they look impressive; the main thing is that all of them should not remain solely in the thoughts of the head of Roscosmos, but should be embodied, moreover, with an eye to the real need, and not just for a tick in the plans. And I would also like to hope that all these plans are not the fruits of the sick imagination of the "space" officials from their "total underfunding" and their immense processing in the depths of the agency ...
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  1. Know-nothing
    Know-nothing April 15 2013 07: 31 New
    -1
    http://government.ru/stens/22150/

    Popovkin talks about the prospects of the state program "Russian Space Activities for 2013 – 2020 Years" with a budget of 2 trillion 120 billion rubles:

    Compared to 2011, the volume of production will increase by more than 2 times, labor productivity - by 2,23 times, we will raise technical equipment from today's 20% to 60%. As a result, we plan (and this program has everything for this) that Russia's share in the global market of rocket and space technology from 10% of today's increase to 16%.

    Dmitry Medvedev: And who has the largest share now on the world market?

    V. Popovkin: The largest niche is the American one.

    Dmitry Medvedev: How much?

    V. Popovkin: Today it is about 60%.
    1. Suhov
      Suhov April 15 2013 08: 42 New
      +3
      Quote: Dunno
      Dmitry Medvedev: And who has the largest share now on the world market?

      V. Popovkin: The largest niche is the American one.

      Dmitry Medvedev: How much?

      V. Popovkin: Today it is about 60%.

      Dmitry Medvedev: And who has the largest share now on the world market?
      V. Popovkin: The largest niche is the American one.
      Dmitry Medvedev: How much?
      V. Popovkin: Today it is about 60%. But this is not all from the point of view of production, it is mainly from the point of view of the provision of services. Television and radio services are today 70% of the North American continent.
    2. Russian
      Russian April 15 2013 09: 13 New
      +4
      Clown:
      Popovkin suggests that the country's leadership and lawmakers not sit idly by, but immediately equate the salaries of agency employees to the ministerial and in addition add another 50% to those civil servants who are somehow connected with the space industry.
      Vladimir Popovkin argues that the officials who oversee the enterprises of the space sector, receive two times less than the average staff of these enterprises. Like, where is this good: no one in the "space" officials after this will not want to ...

      Well, what can I say: in fact, the head of Roscosmos opened his eyes to everyone exactly where exactly the weaknesses of the Russian cosmonautics appear. It turns out that the main trouble is the low level of payment for officials of the agency itself ...
      It would be better to raise the salary of ordinary workers and specialists, attracted new staff, and already disgraced enough, but no, there is little money, yet, still serve! Moreover, they used to hide at least somehow on cutting money for projects, but now openly. Is it time for the authorities to check his accounts? And where did this money come from.
      1. rodevaan
        rodevaan April 15 2013 10: 21 New
        +2
        Quote: р_у_с_с_к_и_й
        Clown:
        Popovkin suggests that the country's leadership and lawmakers not sit idly by, but immediately equate the salaries of agency employees to the ministerial and in addition add another 50% to those civil servants who are somehow connected with the space industry.
        Vladimir Popovkin argues that the officials who oversee the enterprises of the space sector, receive two times less than the average staff of these enterprises. Like, where is this good: no one in the "space" officials after this will not want to ...

        Well, what can I say: in fact, the head of Roscosmos opened his eyes to everyone exactly where exactly the weaknesses of the Russian cosmonautics appear. It turns out that the main trouble is the low level of payment for officials of the agency itself ...
        It would be better to raise the salary of ordinary workers and specialists, attracted new staff, and already disgraced enough, but no, there is little money, yet, still serve! Moreover, they used to hide at least somehow on cutting money for projects, but now openly. Is it time for the authorities to check his accounts? And where did this money come from.


        - Are you laughing? And who will check these accounts? Everything is there in a clip, will they themselves check something?
        I will say this - the main and really real and most difficult task and problem is the Cenozoic-Mesozoic corruption layer, which it is simply impossible to disrupt overnight. Remove this total tumor - it will take many years. But if we delete even a part, it will be a great achievement.
  2. Forget
    Forget April 15 2013 08: 25 New
    +1
    It’s also time for Kakhakhstan to build its own spaceship and, moreover, independently, all the more all the knowledge is available ...
    1. Know-nothing
      Know-nothing April 15 2013 08: 36 New
      +2
      But why? Are you going to compete with Russia, China, and soon with American private traders in the launch services market?
      1. Forget
        Forget April 15 2013 09: 19 New
        +1
        Competition scared ... smile
      2. luiswoo
        luiswoo April 15 2013 09: 43 New
        +3
        Quote: Dunno
        But why?

        Substitute it's time to build on I want to. And everything will fall into place.
        http://www.economy.kz/sgp/2030/kosmichesli.doc - Космическая программа Казахстана, довольно занимательное чтиво.
    2. biglow
      biglow April 15 2013 12: 47 New
      0
      Quote: Forget
      It’s also time for Kakhakhstan to build its own spaceship and, moreover, independently, all the more all the knowledge is available ...

      hand out money to the poor. wink
      1. Forget
        Forget April 15 2013 16: 51 New
        +1
        Begin with yourself!
    3. ultra
      ultra April 15 2013 13: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: Forget
      It’s also time for Kahakhstan to build its own spaceship and, moreover, independently
      Well amused so amused! lol
      1. Forget
        Forget April 15 2013 16: 49 New
        -2
        I am glad that you have fun .. but I assure you there is nothing complicated in building a space rocket, since all knowledge is freely available, up to heat-resistant materials ...
        1. biglow
          biglow April 15 2013 17: 47 New
          +1
          Quote: Forget
          I am glad that you have fun .. but I assure you there is nothing complicated in building a space rocket, since all knowledge is freely available, up to heat-resistant materials ...

          and the Americans don’t know about it, they buy rocket engines from Russia .. and you’ll do electronics suitable for space yourself, they will not sell it to anyone, just marriage ... laughing
        2. evgenii67
          evgenii67 April 15 2013 17: 58 New
          +5
          Quote: Forget
          I am glad that you have fun .. but I assure you there is nothing complicated in building a space rocket, since all knowledge is freely available, up to heat-resistant materials ...

          The stupidest comment I have seen today! So I look, wherever you spit on the map, space powers everywhere, especially Asian and African and South American countries have succeeded in this, but the penguins on Antarctica themselves have long sent the first penguin into space
        3. ultra
          ultra April 15 2013 21: 10 New
          +2
          Quote: Forget
          ..but I assure you there is nothing complicated in building a space rocket,
          Try writing humorous stories, it should work! hi
  3. Nitarius
    Nitarius April 15 2013 08: 43 New
    0
    Department - by talk and chatter in the face of Popovkin it remains to open!
    Money right now Real go!
    We must work on staff to attract and interest
    And the thing to do- And not to wag your tongue!
    How got these politicians and talkers in the government!
  4. rodevaan
    rodevaan April 15 2013 09: 24 New
    +6
    "Cadres decide everything!" - Comrade Stalin’s notorious statement here has direct and immediate significance! The 20-year collapse and stagnation that the degenerate democrats perpetrated in our country could not but affect the collapse of the scientific base, scientific school and the stagnation and frank squandering of Soviet advanced technologies in this area.
    To make up for the training of specialists of such a level that could pull the space industry - we need not only mega-infusion of money and the construction of the necessary technical and technical base, conditions - it takes TIME to nurture and train specialists in this field! People do not grow like mushrooms after rain, and this does not provide any injections! The USSR created its scientific school from scratch and spent more than a dozen years on it! we can’t immediately and over the course of a few years make up from scratch what we have lost and lost during these 20 years of national self-shame.
    Give me time! Slowly we get out of the full ass, but to get out of it completely - it takes time! And you need to take advantage of those small gifts, in the form of a crisis in Geyropstan and staggering Pin-dosii, for your own purposes.
    By the way, things are not going smoothly in the hostile camp either - there is also a breakdown of the state space program, they now have no carriers and fly on our rockets, they use our technologies to a large extent, there Bush also worked up enough to give us a little groundwork, they closed many promising programs. This, of course, is good! But this will not continue forever and ever. But we need to use that chance of a small temporary stagnation among the enemies in order to at least partially catch up with the EBNe.
    1. Suhov
      Suhov April 15 2013 09: 40 New
      +3
      Quote: rodevaan
      need time

      Violated the principle of succession.
      Now in the space industry there are practically no middle-aged specialists.
      There are no 35-45 summer shots. And this is the age when, on the one hand, there is already knowledge and experience, and on the other hand, there is still strength and desire to work.
      The specialist is not a machine tool - I bought it, turned it on and it works. It is necessary to grow it!
      But you need to start - with a decent salary.
      hi
      1. rodevaan
        rodevaan April 15 2013 10: 15 New
        0
        Quote: Sukhov
        Quote: rodevaan
        need time

        Violated the principle of succession.
        Now in the space industry there are practically no middle-aged specialists.
        There are no 35-45 summer shots. And this is the age when, on the one hand, there is already knowledge and experience, and on the other hand, there is still strength and desire to work.
        The specialist is not a machine tool - I bought it, turned it on and it works. It is necessary to grow it!
        But you need to start - with a decent salary.
        hi


        “That's right, which is what I'm talking about.” Middle-aged employees are now extremely few, they simply are physically not enough to maintain the industry in a “combat-ready” state.
        While science will be unpopular and sit on the backsides of state programs, until the authorities WANT (they understand everything perfectly, they just don’t want to) work to raise science in the right way, create and protect scientific personnel, we will be forever in train.
  5. Cosmonaut
    Cosmonaut April 15 2013 09: 50 New
    +2
    Gagarin looks at Roscosmos as .....
    And not only him.
    It is necessary to send Popovkin on a trip to Kolyma together with a stool.
  6. Garysit
    Garysit April 15 2013 09: 57 New
    0
    Unfortunately, among all these "luntiks" there are no people left who can manage anything other than their assets, they don’t think about the country, they need it only for personal enrichment. Roscosmos is no exception. It remains to rely on the Almighty, so that at least one of these "grandiose" plans is fulfilled and Roscosmos does not turn into yet another RospilKosmos !!!!!
  7. luiswoo
    luiswoo April 15 2013 10: 04 New
    0
    The same Vladimir Popovkin expressed confidence that around 2028, an extra-heavy rocket would be created in the bowels of the agency, thanks to which flights to the Moon would become as common a trip to a country cottage.

    Is it an official admission that Energy, with the exception of the Zenith and engines, was profiled?
    1. rolik
      rolik April 15 2013 16: 10 New
      +4
      Quote: luiswoo
      This is official recognition.

      This is the official recognition of Popovkin that by this year he will not be in this post. Therefore, such terms are called, no one will remember that there was such a mu ... ak - Popovkin.
  8. nod739
    nod739 April 15 2013 10: 20 New
    0
    money is the key thing but not the only one
    need a leader who will systematically and methodically lift it all from his knees
    need a school. we need personnel, we need technical equipment ... a lot of things
    in Roskosmos itself, Mercedes and BMW7 Series drive
    and if so lead, not really what will change
  9. Suhov
    Suhov April 15 2013 11: 43 New
    +3
    Roscosmos plans to equip the asteroid Apophis with a beacon as part of the deployment of a new program to protect against space threats. According to Vladimir Popovkin, the lighthouse will accurately calculate the asteroid's orbit, which can be used to obtain information about the approach of a space body at a dangerous distance to the Earth.

    After the failure to launch three GLONASS satellites into the orbit, which cost the state 2,5 billion rubles, Deputy Prime Minister Sergey Ivanov criticized the work of Roscosmos and offered to insure all launches of state-owned spacecraft.

    It turns out that it was necessary to do so that the satellites did not fall ...

    It seems to me personally that
    if the above amount of money was given to our technical specialist (not managers),
    they would be for the money not only the above three satellites were thrown neatly into orbit,
    but also Asteroid Apophis transferred to manual controlequipping it with a remote control system:
    push the buttons on the remote control and adjust the path of the asteroid ...
    laughing
  10. Nickanor
    Nickanor April 15 2013 13: 20 New
    +1
    To drive “Popovich” with pissed rags, together with his secretary model, because of which he raked a bottle on his skull a while ago!
  11. Normal
    Normal April 15 2013 14: 08 New
    0
    "... and you, my friends, do not sit down, everyone is not good at musicians ..."
    How much money do not give, there will be no sense until there is responsibility for the result.
    There will be no liability. This is clear to everyone who really looks at the situation in the country. Therefore, you can promise anything and allocate as many funds as you like. Everything will be mastered. The result will be ludicrous at best, and deplorable at worst.
    While the current characters are leading the country, while the behavior and principles of governing power are being copied in the branches of the economy, there will be no sense either in money or in bright hopes and promises.
  12. Konstantm
    Konstantm April 15 2013 14: 09 New
    0
    Not Popovkin, but straight Bender Ostap Suleymanich.
  13. Suhov
    Suhov April 15 2013 14: 26 New
    0
    Bender himself appears as:
    - Ostap-Suleiman-Berta-Maria-Bender Bay in the Twelve Chairs or
    - Bender-Transdanubia in the Golden Calf.
    In the novel The Golden Calf, Bender is referred to as:
    - Ostap Ibrahimovic.
    Encrypted ... laughing
  14. nod739
    nod739 April 15 2013 14: 32 New
    0
    Quote: Sukhov
    After the failure to launch three GLONASS satellites into the orbit, which cost the state 2,5 billion rubles, Deputy Prime Minister Sergey Ivanov criticized the work of Roscosmos and offered to insure all launches of state-owned spacecraft.


    hmmmm
    Yes, it seems like all launches and satellites are insured,
    and as a matter of fact, the insurance “loses” money, which, in principle, is not poor, because part of the expenses goes specifically to insurance
    1. Suhov
      Suhov April 15 2013 16: 10 New
      0
      Quote: nod739
      hmmmm
      Yes, it seems like all launches and satellites are insured,

      It turns out not all.
      Yes, it doesn’t matter ...
      An important approach to solving the quality problem of space technology.
      Personally, I do not see a causal relationship between the presence (or absence) of paper, called an insurance contract, and the reliability of the spacecraft.
      hi
  15. Concept1
    Concept1 April 15 2013 14: 52 New
    +2
    Some interesting information!

    But we make rockets

    For more than 10 years, the country has managed to remain a leader in the global space services market: in 2011, Russia confidently occupied the first place in the world in the number of launched rocket launchers and launched satellites into orbit. It carried out 32 of 84 launches, which is almost 2 times more than the USA and China (18 launches each), and 4,5 times more than the entire EU (7 launches), while in orbit from the territory of Russian cosmodromes 61 spacecraft were launched. True, four launches (12,5% ​​of the total) were unsuccessful - two-thirds of all accidents in the world.

    Production activity is gradually growing: if in 2006 23 launch vehicles were launched, then in 2011 - already 34, in 2012 - 35.

    Some success was achieved in the implementation of the large national project GLONASS. The system successfully provided the first reception of a navigation signal on a global scale, and now its data can be received by users around the world.

    Space traders

    The Russian Federation is one of three states (along with the United States and China) that implement absolutely all areas of space activity, including manned space exploration. And after the completion of the American Space Shuttle program, Russia remained the only "space cab" for NASA astronauts. The agreement between the American space agency and Roscosmos on the delivery of astronauts will be valid until 2016, the services of the domestic "space taxi" will cost the United States $ 753 million.

    Significant profit for the Russian space industry was brought by a new contract with France for the manufacture of 21 Soyuz launch vehicles. In 2010, the French paid Russia $ 10 billion for the construction of 1 similar devices.

    All this allows us to say that the space industry of the Russian Federation has ceased to be an exclusively subsidized industry. However, this is not a reason to reduce funding: for 2010-2011. over 200 billion rubles were allocated from the country's budget for space industry development programs.

    Human factor

    All of the above achievements became possible thanks to the work of Russian specialists. By 2012, 66 enterprises were included in the structure of Roscosmos alone. The largest of them were RSC Energia named after S.P. Korolev ", GKNPTs im. MV Khrunicheva, TsSKB-Progress, Scientific-Production Corporation “Precision Instrumentation Systems”, NPO Mashinostroeniya, OJSC NPO Energomash named after Academician V.P. Glushko ", JSC" State Rocket Center named after Academician V.P. Makeev "(OJSC" GRTS Makeev "), Scientific and Production Association named after S. A. Lavochkina. As of 2012, 95 enterprises are operating in the industry.

    The list of existing Russian spaceports has remained the same: Baikonur, Plesetsk, Kapustin Yar, Yasny, and Svobodny leased from Kazakhstan (not used). In the Amur Region, not far from Svobodny, a new Vostochny spaceport is under construction. The first missile launch from it is planned for 2015.

    The total number of employees in the space industry is gradually decreasing, in 2012 it is 227,5 thousand people. Only on the basis of the Samara Rocket and Space Center "TsSKB-Progress" employs about 20 thousand specialists. At the same time, the number of young employees in the industry has increased: 8% of space specialists are younger than 30 years old.

    The salary of employees is also growing. Compared to 2006, the monthly income of space industry workers increased 2,7 times — almost the record growth rates for our country in wages. Now these average 32 rubles.
    1. Suhov
      Suhov April 15 2013 15: 09 New
      0
      Quote: concept1
      8%... space specialists younger than 30 years.

      crying fool negative
      Quote: concept1
      Grows and employee salary... now on these average ... 32 717 rub.

      crying fool negative
  16. bubla5
    bubla5 April 15 2013 14: 57 New
    0
    Here, here to appoint the head of Serdyukov, and his deputy Chubais
  17. bubla5
    bubla5 April 15 2013 14: 58 New
    0
    Here, here to appoint the head of Serdyukov, and his deputy Chubais
  18. Asgard
    Asgard April 15 2013 15: 35 New
    +5
    Как the companion rightly remarked above with a comment- "Cadres decide EVERYTHING" ...
    But with this stress. Moreover, in all the higher echelons of power and management.
    * The Accounts Chamber in Rusnano found several articles of execution, and in the absence of success))
    * The stool is already draped in the "teeth" like his prostitute Vasiliev .....
    * In Skolkovo, this high-tech “swamp” where the road cost more than the Android call Yaider)) the Jew Vekselberg also has problems ...
    * The Sochi Olympics will also be the most “DEAR” in the history of the Olympiads)))
    * Of course, it’s a little expensive and pompous with the Russky island, but maybe something will develop there ..., although there, too, the lessons were written off "dough" nemeryano))
    * Sukhoi-Superjet, its cost is already higher than the similar AERBAS by $ 7 million, who will buy it ???
    * Deripaska was in Karelia last week, in Nadvoitsy one of the most modern Aluminum plants is being closed .....
    And so in each of the areas of management, the more incompetent, the better)))
    And in Roscosmos there’s also an adviser to Popovkin (either Blyadishchev or Vedishchev))) supermodel))
    We somehow forgot Anna Chapman))) Alina Kabaeva)) at Shoigu-Marinochka Kitaeva (TV presenter-adviser)) as the French say Cherchez la femme .... there are billions)))) the country is losing something like "Jewish wives" with Russian color-lovers))))
  19. rodevaan
    rodevaan April 15 2013 16: 04 New
    +4
    Yes, Gentlemen, - I would like to add here to all of the above and listed another resonant and very important detail - the National State Idea and national self-awareness.
    Nobody for some reason mentioned this, in fact, one of the most important details! But in vain! This cannot be acquired by any injections, by any millions of dollars! This is the national identity of the people. In many ways, the USSR has reached tremendous heights in science, sport, manufacturing, military affairs, and indeed in all branches of life, precisely thanks to a very strong national idea! The whole country, all the people gave themselves completely for the result, for the desire to build a bright communist future, for our country to be the strongest, most advanced, the very first everywhere and in everything! Many people lay their bones in their place to give the best result! And not for money, not for a piece of hamburger, not for a pack of popcorn, not for millions of dollars - the country, the Motherland, the party - as you like - but the public good and public domain of the people was above all for many! And it was not to buy for any bucks-rubles. Hence the tremendous achievements of our people — the building of a huge and powerful country, the crushing of the fascist-West-like fall in the Great Patriotic War, the first in space, the first in sports, in science, in medicine, in education!
    You see, almost every resident of the USSR knew why he lives, for what he works, for what future he is trying. And everyone tried in his place: the worker - at the machine tool, the farmer - in the field on the combine, the miner - in the mine, the peasant - on the collective farm and on the state farm, the military - on guard of the Motherland, the political worker - in the propaganda bureau, and so on. And this massive outburst, even in the absence of monetary wealth, made the country the strongest in the world!
    And now this is not all, there is no national idea, there is confusion and vacillation in society, no one - neither the bottom nor the top, really know and don’t want to know where to move the country, for what ideals to live and work for. A society without a goal, without an idea, like one person without a goal and without an idea, is a dummy. They live that drawbar - where it went, it turned out there. And here no super-duper infusions and multi-million investments will help. There is no national idea in Russia, I think this is a huge problem for the development of society - in all sectors - in science, technology, sports, ordinary life.

    The Soviet Union was driven by one great idea, which rallied the whole society into a single fist, into a single impulse, and nothing is moving Russia today - everyone is busy on their own - someone is stealing, making money, someone is drinking, and most just waved their hands and live as they will and as they can.
    That is why we are developing and crawling out of a hole slowly, slowly, because everything is started up by chance. That is why it is both sad and scary.
  20. nod739
    nod739 April 15 2013 17: 12 New
    0
    Quote: concept1
    In 2011 ... True, four launches (12,5% ​​of the total) were unsuccessful - two thirds of all accidents in the world.

    figures for one year are not indicative !!!

    in 2012 Russia carried out 24 launches, of which only 2 were emergency: the abnormal output of the Yamal 402 satellite — after correction of the orbits, was brought to the calculated point (spending fuel will decrease its service life — but this is not a complete loss) —partially successful launch!

    another start was partially accidental due to abnormal work of the Republic of Belarus, total Express-MD2 + some other foreign satellite - lost
    is about LAUNCHES
    please do not confuse with the loss of satellites, the same phobos-soil

    in 2010 30 launches were made, if I am not mistaken, and the emergency was only 1 - three GLONASS satellites

    Startup and crash statistics are best taken over a long period, at least over the 10th anniversary.

    full of pivot tables on the same wikipedia. with reference to the source


    It’s a shame to hear sometimes that we have many missile crashes — most of all in the world, and we’re just a cab driver, every time I explain to such opponents that you need to be proud that we are the number 1 cab driver in the world - it's billions of money !!! and high-tech production !!! this is a knowledge-based industry, but didn’t buy_to_cheaper_sold_to sell _to_ more expensive!
    and there are no accidents for the one who does not launch missiles at all, and since we are the first in terms of the number of launches, then the number of accidents is higher, although the% is generally low, even lower than the United States (at least it was exactly 10 years ago). China used to have about 80% of successful launches (and was proud of it, because everyone else had this% even lower), and only in the last 10-15 years the accident rate among the Chinese has decreased to the level of the Russian Federation and the USA.
    It's a shame that he’s stepping on his heels, and we are marking time.

    In the 80s, the USSR launched up to hundreds or more missiles a year - and the accident rate was 1-2-3 launches

    It is necessary to keep this superiority - the carrier number 1 in the world.
    although in addition to the carrier and satellites and spaceships do!
    1. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 18: 50 New
      0
      nod739 Startup and crash statistics are best taken over a long period, at least over the 10th anniversary:

      The one who doesn’t do anything is not mistaken! smile
  21. black_eagle
    black_eagle April 15 2013 18: 07 New
    +1
    If you analyze these words, it turns out that Mr. Popovkin himself and 190 of his colleagues in the Russian Federal Space Agency work for at least four people ... It is amazing how Vladimir Alexandrovich had the strength to get to Blagoveshchensk and still express his thoughts after such an intense work day. out loud? .. How did he not fall out of fatigue at all ?.
    But after this article I stopped reading at all !!! The author of the article is a great personnel special ??? It is one thing if a person said that I need two deputies, and another when he talks about a several-fold expansion of the staff !!! So things are not just bad, but catastrophically bad, while flying Soviet projects, there’s nothing new, there are dozens of different enterprises whose work needs to be coordinated and brought to perfection. Unions are flying, and problems will start as with the “Mace” the rocket will fly, but not so as intended, and there are still people there, and it will be such a slap in the face if the development of technology in 1961 is surpassed by today's nanotechnology
  22. Garysit
    Garysit April 15 2013 19: 04 New
    +1
    Unfortunately, among all these "luntiks" there are no people left who can manage anything other than their assets, they don’t think about the country, they need it only for personal enrichment. Roscosmos is no exception. It remains to rely on the Almighty, so that at least one of these "grandiose" plans is fulfilled and Roscosmos does not turn into yet another RospilKosmos !!!!!
  23. Garysit
    Garysit April 15 2013 19: 05 New
    0
    Unfortunately, among all these "luntiks" there are no people left who can manage anything other than their assets, they don’t think about the country, they need it only for personal enrichment. Roscosmos is no exception. It remains to rely on the Almighty, so that at least one of these "grandiose" plans is fulfilled and Roscosmos does not turn into yet another RospilKosmos !!!!!
  24. Garysit
    Garysit April 15 2013 19: 05 New
    +1
    Unfortunately, among all these "luntiks" there are no people left who can manage anything other than their assets, they don’t think about the country, they need it only for personal enrichment. Roscosmos is no exception. It remains to rely on the Almighty, so that at least one of these "grandiose" plans is fulfilled and Roscosmos does not turn into yet another RospilKosmos !!!!!
  25. skif1804
    skif1804 April 15 2013 19: 17 New
    0
    Today, domestic universities simply do not train specialists capable of providing decent development to our space industry. To a certain extent, this depends on the low quality of the education itself, but to a greater extent on the “salad” that hammered the heads of young specialists. Just on state. Enterprises are arranged to play a solitaire-kerchief and beat rubber flies from cowards flies on glass. The number of domestic enterprises at times exceeds the number of employees at similar firms in the USA and Europe. There is more than enough money to spend on astronautics, salaries are decent compared to the average level in a particular region, there is simply no desire to work and there is no demand for spent public finances. Only continuous whining about low salaries and the lack of free housing.
    1. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 21: 03 New
      0
      skif1804 here the news came up: At the Baikonur cosmodrome, preparations are continuing for the launch of the Soyuz-2.1a space rocket with the Bion-M No. 1 Russian spacecraft (SC).
      On April 11, the installation of a small spacecraft (MCA) "Aist" was carried out on the instrument-aggregate compartment of the Bion-M spacecraft.
      MCA "AIST" was developed students and young scientists Samara State Aerospace University (SSAU) named after S.P. Korolev and specialists of FSUE "GNPRKTS" TsSKB-Progress ".
      The launch of spacecraft is scheduled for April 19, 2013.
    2. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 21: 40 New
      0
      skif1804 go to the site "done with us" or type in YouTube "Bion and Stork are preparing to launch" there are young specialists and a production culture !!! drinks
  26. Concept1
    Concept1 April 15 2013 20: 49 New
    0
    This news is specifically for skeptics. smile MOSCOW, April 15. / ITAR-TASS /. Rosatom and the Kurchatov Institute are working on a new generation of megawatt-class nuclear reactors for space, the so-called "nuclear batteries". This was stated by the head of Rosatom Sergey Kiriyenko at a press conference in ITAR-TASS, dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Kurchatov Institute.
    Kovalchuk also added that work on the creation of a new nuclear power plant for space is ongoing. “The tasks assigned to the group are completed on time. The installation should work by 2018,” said the director of the Kurchatov Institute.
  27. Concept1
    Concept1 April 15 2013 21: 09 New
    0
    http://sdelanounas.ru/i/c/2/c2RlbGFub3VuYXMucnUvdXBsb2Fkcy82LzEvNjE1MTM2NTU3NzQw
    Mi5qcGVnP19faWQ9MzE4MDY = .jpg
  28. Concept1
    Concept1 April 15 2013 21: 14 New
    0
    And here also from recent news. The Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Army General Sergei Shoigu, made a working trip to the Plesetsk cosmodrome, where he got acquainted in detail with the state of the universal launch complex of the cosmodrome, as well as the progress in creating a unified Angara launch complex.
    For example, for the first time I see pictures of the launch complex "ANGARA" The moyma is very beautiful. smile
  29. Blue fox
    Blue fox April 15 2013 21: 35 New
    0
    The Angara universal launch complex should have been commissioned back in 2004, so that in 2005 there was a first launch. And they built the USK on the basis of the Zenit semi-devastated complex. As far as I know, the Angara launch vehicle itself does not yet exist in its final form and tests of the entire ground complex together with the launch vehicle have not yet been carried out. So forecasts about the first launches from Svobodny in 2015 are self-deception, unless, of course, we are talking about launches of mine-based missiles left by Vostochny from its predecessor, the Svobodny cosmodrome, which had previously been part of the Strategic Missile Forces.
    1. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 22: 03 New
      0
      Yes, we amateurs good reason! Meanwhile, people are working tirelessly because it is an overly difficult task to simultaneously overcome the post of Soviet devastation
      and create super modern technology on the verge of world progress! hi

      PROGRAM ROOM PANORAMA

      Shop 26: Nomenclature - incrementally

      In 2012, hard work was going on in workshop 26 across the entire nomenclature. Proton's compartments are already a knurled track. At the end of December, 11 sets were manufactured and shipped to the RKZ (6 compartments each). In the middle of the year, an intermediate compartment and a head fairing for the Rokot LV series 4, manufactured in the 26th, were transferred for equipment to the 72526th workshop.
      During the year, the Angara compartments of the 71751 series were shipped. Work on the most complex 290th compartment was not easy: its shipment was delayed to December. A lot of effort was put in the 26th to develop the production of the head fairing for the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle. Together with workshop 66, fairings B and NF were manufactured and shipped to Moscow, which underwent dynamic tests, as well as tests for testing various units. In October 2012, all work was completed on a full-time civil defense cowl, designed for operation as part of a flight product. Among the best we will name the collectors-riveters D.I. Kivo, D.V. Kashcheeva, I.P. Polnyakova, S.I. Sleeveless, V.P. Lysenko et al.

      Workshop 8: Mastering Continues

      Workshop 8 continues development on the topic of "Angara". In the past year, these are positions such as pyro locks and pyrotechnics for the head fairing of the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle. In the planned volume, the first products of this nomenclature were manufactured. The same applies to such a new position as the hangar automation units.
      In the direction of NPO Energomash, production of the frame for the RD-171 engine has been restored. Products are delivered to the customer in accordance with the plan.
      The team of the 8th, like last year, was significantly replenished with "fresh blood". Young machinists, craftsmen, technologists, planners came to the workshop. Even had to expand the gym.

      Workshop 29: Equipment in great demand!

      This year, the assembly tool manufacturing workshop 29 made a significant contribution to the work of factory production. The stamping and blanking equipment was manufactured in full in the direction of workshops 20, 38 for the manufacture of Angara-1.2 LV compartments. For the assembly-and-assembly 26th workshop, 3 slipways were made for the assembly of compartments 0190, 0500, 0450, and a stand was also made for opening GO. A number of welding and hull rigs were delivered to workshop 67 for the manufacture of the bottoms of “O” and “G” tanks of the URM-1 RN “Angara”. Numerous mechanical and test rigs have been manufactured for mechanical production workshops 1, 8, 14, 21, department 79.
    2. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 22: 05 New
      0
      Shop 38, 60: For Angara and Proton

      2012 will be included in the annals of the sheet metal stamping shop 38 and the stamping and blanking shop 60, as the year of development of new products. In the 38th, the development of rolling wafer panels for the manufacture of fuel tanks and oxidizer URM-1 RN "Angara" is underway. In the 67th workshop, the panels for welding and assembly of tanks “O” and “G” of the central unit of the first stage “Angara-A5”, as well as the panel of tanks intended for testing were transferred.
      In the 18th, 38th and 60th, they began manufacturing DSE for ground bench mining of the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle and aggregate module. The nomenclature of placers on the Proton launch vehicle manufactured in workshop 60 has been increasing by 2013 items since 150.

      Workshop 14: Tank Adapters

      An important event of the outgoing year in the 14th workshop was the development of bimetallic adapters. These parts were made at Flight, but over time this production was lost. The task of reviving this direction arose in connection with the manufacture of the Angara launch vehicle in the URM-1 association. A lot of preparatory work was carried out on the specialized site of the 14th: the presses, furnaces were repaired, the premises were redecorated. Special equipment was purchased to control the quality of the adapters.
      The restoration of production was not without difficulties, but at present shop 14 is fulfilling the task set for it to complete with bimetallic adapters at shop 67, the manufacturer of the fuel tanks of the rocket module.
      One of the difficult tasks that the workshop team successfully dealt with in 2012 was the development of four new automation units for the flight production at the Briz-KM Rokot booster unit.
    3. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 22: 10 New
      0
      We are an amateur good reasoning. Meanwhile, people are working tirelessly. Because it is an overly difficult task to simultaneously overcome the post of Soviet devastation
      and create super sophisticated technology on the verge of human progress hi !!!

      PROGRAM ROOM PANORAMA

      Shop 26: Nomenclature - incrementally

      In 2012, hard work was going on in workshop 26 across the entire nomenclature. Proton's compartments are already a knurled track. At the end of December, 11 sets were manufactured and shipped to the RKZ (6 compartments each). In the middle of the year, an intermediate compartment and a head fairing for the Rokot LV series 4, manufactured in the 26th, were transferred for equipment to the 72526th workshop.
      During the year, the Angara compartments of the 71751 series were shipped. Work on the most complex 290th compartment was not easy: its shipment was delayed to December. A lot of effort was put in the 26th to develop the production of the head fairing for the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle. Together with workshop 66, fairings B and NF were manufactured and shipped to Moscow, which underwent dynamic tests, as well as tests for testing various units. In October 2012, all work was completed on a full-time civil defense cowl, designed for operation as part of a flight product. Among the best we will name the collectors-riveters D.I. Kivo, D.V. Kashcheeva, I.P. Polnyakova, S.I. Sleeveless, V.P. Lysenko et al.

      Workshop 8: Mastering Continues

      Workshop 8 continues development on the topic of "Angara". In the past year, these are positions such as pyro locks and pyrotechnics for the head fairing of the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle. In the planned volume, the first products of this nomenclature were manufactured. The same applies to such a new position as the hangar automation units.
      In the direction of NPO Energomash, production of the frame for the RD-171 engine has been restored. Products are delivered to the customer in accordance with the plan.
      The team of the 8th, like last year, was significantly replenished with "fresh blood". Young machinists, craftsmen, technologists, planners came to the workshop. Even had to expand the gym.

      Workshop 29: Equipment in great demand!

      This year, the assembly tool manufacturing workshop 29 made a significant contribution to the work of factory production. The stamping and blanking equipment was manufactured in full in the direction of workshops 20, 38 for the manufacture of Angara-1.2 LV compartments. For the assembly-and-assembly 26th workshop, 3 slipways were made for the assembly of compartments 0190, 0500, 0450, and a stand was also made for opening GO. A number of welding and hull rigs were delivered to workshop 67 for the manufacture of the bottoms of “O” and “G” tanks of the URM-1 RN “Angara”. Numerous mechanical and test rigs have been manufactured for mechanical production workshops 1, 8, 14, 21, department 79.
    4. Concept1
      Concept1 April 15 2013 22: 11 New
      0
      Shop 38, 60: For Angara and Proton

      2012 will be included in the annals of the sheet metal stamping shop 38 and the stamping and blanking shop 60, as the year of development of new products. In the 38th, the development of rolling wafer panels for the manufacture of fuel tanks and oxidizer URM-1 RN "Angara" is underway. In the 67th workshop, the panels for welding and assembly of tanks “O” and “G” of the central unit of the first stage “Angara-A5”, as well as the panel of tanks intended for testing were transferred.
      In the 18th, 38th and 60th, they began manufacturing DSE for ground bench mining of the Angara-1.2 launch vehicle and aggregate module. The nomenclature of placers on the Proton launch vehicle manufactured in workshop 60 has been increasing by 2013 items since 150.

      Workshop 14: Tank Adapters

      An important event of the outgoing year in the 14th workshop was the development of bimetallic adapters. These parts were made at Flight, but over time this production was lost. The task of reviving this direction arose in connection with the manufacture of the Angara launch vehicle in the URM-1 association. A lot of preparatory work was carried out on the specialized site of the 14th: the presses, furnaces were repaired, the premises were redecorated. Special equipment was purchased to control the quality of the adapters.
      The restoration of production was not without difficulties, but at present shop 14 is fulfilling the task set for it to complete with bimetallic adapters at shop 67, the manufacturer of the fuel tanks of the rocket module.
      One of the difficult tasks that the workshop team successfully dealt with in 2012 was the development of four new automation units for the flight production at the Briz-KM Rokot booster unit.
  30. Akuzenka
    Akuzenka April 15 2013 21: 48 New
    +1
    I don’t know, but for me personally, the author of the article didn’t open pin dosia. About all this, 15 years ago Maxim Kalashnikov wrote in his books. The full feeling that this is a digest of one of his books.
  31. qazsert1
    qazsert1 April 25 2013 14: 09 New
    0
    problems only in our heads)
  32. gridasov
    gridasov 9 August 2013 00: 36 New
    0
    One photo is worth it. Rocket and smoking pipe of a diesel locomotive. This is in Russian.