Military Review

Development of Chinese MBT Type 99А2 close to completion

13

China for five years has been developing a modification of Type 99A2 based on the main combat tank Type 99, cnwnews.com reports April 7th.


Currently, the works are at the final stage of testing. Military experts believe that the tank can be equipped with a 140 mm smooth-bore gun capable of penetrating the frontal armor of modern tanks. The gun is capable of firing projectiles of various types, including armor-piercing feathered sub-caliber shells (BOPS) with a uranium core, as well as laser-guided anti-tank missiles imported from Russia. But the technology of this gun is still not very mature, and therefore the existing 125 mm gun or its elongated version may remain as the main armament. It was also reported that in 2009, a small batch of Type 99A2 entered the PLA in trial operation.

The difference between Type 99А2 and the base model is the presence of a larger number of dynamic protection panels, which are installed on the front and sides of the tower. Armor protection should ensure the survivability of the tank from damage by improved 120 mm armor-piercing shells of South Korean and Japanese tanks. Also on the tank will be installed a new active protection system.

The tank is equipped with an anti-aircraft machine gun QJG-02 caliber 14,5 mm (instead of QJC88 caliber 12,7 mm on Type 99). Most likely, the new version of the tank received an improved automatic loader, more simple and reliable in operation.

The 140 mm caliber gun can pierce the front armor of the American tank M1А2, not to mention other third-generation tanks. But China is still holding on to the 125 mm cannon tank Type 99, which limits the firepower of the next versions of the combat vehicle. This gun, developed using the technologies of the Russian 125 mm gun, is already “not very good” for confrontation with modern American and European third-generation tanks. China has already announced the creation of a BOPS with a uranium core, its technologies are almost as good as the American ones. It was also reported that BOPS with a uranium core, released from the experimental 140 mm gun, at a distance of 1400 m struck the frontal armor M1A2. Compared to the base model, the Type 99А2 has a turret with an increased volume in the front, its chassis is enhanced against the effects of anti-tank mine explosions. The tank is equipped with a millimeter-wave radar designed for the new active protection system. But how this system will counteract laser-guided missiles is still unclear. The tank is equipped with a multi-fuel hp 1500 diesel engine. and CH-1000 transmission.

The fire control system (LMS) is also improved. The SLA includes a sight with independent stabilization of the line of sight, a laser rangefinder, a thermal imager, a digital ballistic computer, a large number of sensors, including monitoring weather conditions and the degree of curvature of the gun, an automatic tracking system, a color monitor is mounted in the tower . Images from the imager are transmitted to the driver’s display and the gunner’s sight. In addition, the tank is equipped with an inertial and navigation satellite system, the data of which can be displayed on the displays long before the electronic map lining. The tank is equipped with a modern radio communication system.

The second-generation infrared imager is capable of producing images of objects located at a distance of 7-9 km. MTBF is 4000 hours.

The tank can use data from the US satellite GPS system, but in the future it is possible to use data from the national system “Beidou” 9602, positioning accuracy will be less than 20 m. The system will significantly increase not only the accuracy of determining the location of the tank, but also the situational awareness of the crew on the battlefield.

Tanks Type 99 had a longitudinal engine (longitudinal arrangement of the power system), which occupied a large internal volume, limiting the modernization potential. In 1990-ies, China Northern Industrial Company (China North Industries Corporation) created an export tank MBT-2000 with a transverse layout of the transmission (transverse layout transmission system), the hull length is only 6,487 m, engine power 1200 hp In the course of long trials, it was revealed that the transmission of the MVT-2000 is the best Chinese development in this area, only slightly inferior to the best world models. Some photos of Type 99А2 show that the tank uses the MVT-2000 chassis, but it still needs to be checked.

Probably, the Type 99А2 will receive a new chassis along with getting a new, more powerful power plant. Such an engine can be created on the basis of the 1200-strong diesel 150НВ tank Type 99, its forced version with the power 1500 hp. its characteristics are close to the German MTU MT883. The new diesel engine was tested on the Type 98 tank, which showed a maximum speed of 80 km / h, off-road 60 km / h. The engine's air cleaning system of the Tank Type 99А2 has a double filter, as in the American M1A2.

Epilogue

Development of the tank Type 99А2 is conducted against the background of the creation of new tanks in South Korea and Japan. China is moving away from the practice of producing large quantities of military equipment in the direction of producing high-tech samples in smaller quantities. The Tank Type 99 was developed a little less than 10 years (since 2000 year), the development time Type 99А2 was less than 5 years. The analysis shows that the PLA will use the cheaper 96 Type and their modifications as the main tank fleet, and the more expensive and complex 99А2 Type will be used for effective strikes in critical areas.
Originator:
http://www.militaryparitet.com/
13 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. PDM80
    PDM80 April 12 2013 12: 28
    +3
    Yes, the Chinese are amazing people, they interfere with everything and try to get something worth it, a wild mix of Russian and American tanks request and the technical data of the tank can be safely halved
    1. Kurbashi
      Kurbashi April 12 2013 12: 31
      0
      Quote: PDM80
      and the technical data of the tank can be safely halved

      Do not make such rash conclusions ... China is far from the one you knew a decade ago.
    2. Wedmak
      Wedmak April 12 2013 12: 31
      0
      wild cross between Russian and American tanks

      Given that the chassis of the 72nd is unlikely to withstand the tower from the ambram ... another trimmed cross.
      1. Alex_dex
        Alex_dex April 12 2013 12: 35
        0
        You are not right. T-90MS at least remember. There, the tower be healthy, or the best in the world Oplot-M with Bulat, they all keep.
        1. Wedmak
          Wedmak April 12 2013 12: 40
          0
          I neither know, nor I know ... The T-90s, if memory serves, have multilayer armor plus reactive armor. The Abrams also has a "gasket" made of depleted uranium there, and the tower itself is larger, and even the APU is stuck.
          1. Alex_dex
            Alex_dex April 12 2013 12: 41
            0
            Do you think it’s harder, laying, or a DZ complex? In teshek, it’s rather thick armor, to put it mildly.
            1. Wedmak
              Wedmak April 12 2013 12: 51
              0
              Do you think it’s harder, laying, or a DZ complex?

              The uranium plate is in every way heavier than a steel plate and explosive plates (and between them is air). And how many of them there FIG knows.
  2. WIN969
    WIN969 April 12 2013 12: 40
    -4
    Another Chinese fake negative
    1. vilenich
      vilenich April 12 2013 15: 52
      0
      Quote: WIN969
      Another Chinese fake

      Actually, it’s probably time to take Chinese developments more seriously. They have already passed the phase of frank plagiarism and moved on to developments based on stolen structures and technologies. So it is likely that in the near future they will create a lot of worth!
  3. Diesel
    Diesel April 12 2013 14: 14
    -1
    Well, if it’s close, I’ll go wassat The 5th generation airplane I remember is also close
  4. kirieeleyson
    kirieeleyson April 12 2013 17: 33
    +1
    Quote: Kurbashi
    China is far from what you knew a decade ago.

    A hackneyed expression. Yes, that he, that. The same China, the same people work as 10 years ago. Like from Hong Kong, they brought me a branded Chinese thing. which was supposed to work like a clock, because "China is not the same, consumer goods remained in the 90s, but they do everything for themselves no worse than special orders!" So what, threw it out after 2 months, broke. Let them do a high-quality MTO for Type 99 first, otherwise they will have 30% occupancy in the troops, the rest are in hangars at the final stage, before talking about the FCS and the gun.
  5. Warbringer
    Warbringer April 12 2013 17: 52
    0
    Even the Chinese guessed to cut out this wretched weakened zone on WLD and judging by the tower - they also sent a tank rack in a known direction, and a campaign together with a wretched carousel-AZ. They are doing everything right.
  6. darksoul
    darksoul April 12 2013 22: 56
    0
    centaur ... tower american base russian: D. Well, the Chinese, well, the miracle of the master. Thank you, at least our T-90MS was not completely copied.
  7. svp67
    svp67 April 13 2013 11: 37
    0
    Quote: vilenich
    Actually, it’s probably time to take Chinese developments more seriously. They have already passed the phase of frank plagiarism and moved on to developments based on stolen structures and technologies. So it is likely that in the near future they will create a lot of worth!



    Yes, any enemy must be taken seriously, the question is different. The Chinese haven’t come up with anything yet, they still manage, and it is not known with what quality, to cross an "elephant with a hippopotamus". It will be possible to talk about something specific only when this tank can be examined closely in the metal, and not by "rumors"
  8. Canep
    Canep April 13 2013 12: 54
    0
    No matter how modern or obsolete it is, if there are a million of them (and the Chinese can do it), then no one can resist. And this one looks at the level of T-72.
    The difference between the Type 99A2 and the base sample is the presence of a larger number of dynamic protection panels, which are installed on the front and on the sides of the tower.

    And according to the description of the T-80.
  9. cesar65
    cesar65 April 13 2013 17: 08
    0
    The 140 mm caliber cannon can penetrate the frontal armor of the American M1A2 tank, not to mention other tanks of the third generation. But China is still holding onto the 125 mm gun of the Type 99 tank, which limits the firepower of future versions of the combat vehicle. It’s just that ours has not yet made an 140 mm gun.
  10. elmir15
    elmir15 April 26 2013 00: 22
    +2
    What are the more dangerous Chinese tanks so is the ability to burn optical devices from the enemy, we also have but for some reason they don’t put on equipment