Military Review

Chronicle of "friendship" 1917-1922 years

32
Chronicle of "friendship" 1917-1922 yearsAccording to the writings of modern Chechen-Ingush chroniclers, their fellow tribesmen were the most faithful servants of the sovereign-emperor, fought for the white matter to the last drop of blood and at the same time played a role in the victory of the Bolsheviks. In fact, the main achievements of the predecessors of Dudayev and Basayev, as in modern times, were robberies and massacres of the civilian population.


As is usually the case with the weakening of state power, after the start of the revolutionary events of 1917 throughout the country, all sorts of nationalist movements immediately raised their heads. No exception and the North Caucasus. Already in April, the so-called “national councils” of the mountain peoples were established there. 1 (14) May 1917 was established at the congress of mountain peoples in Vladikavkaz by the Union of United Highlanders of the Caucasus. The central committee of the "Union" led the Chechen oilman millionaire Topa Chermoyev.

At the insistence of the "Union" for the upcoming struggle for power and inter-tribal squabbles in the fall of the same year, the Caucasian Indigenous Horse Division (the so-called "wild division"), deployed to the corps, was withdrawn from the front. Not having distinguished themselves too much on the battlefields and having failed to restore order in Petrograd during the August speech of Kornilov, the horsemen were enthusiastically engaged in a struggle for independence. Moreover, this struggle, as it should be, was intertwined with the desire to seize and plunder the neighboring lands.

In November, the Union of the United Mountaineers of the Caucasus declared the creation of the “Mountain Republic”, which claimed the territory from the Caspian to the Black Sea, including the Stavropol region, the Kuban and the Black Sea coast. Chairman of the government was all the same Chermoev. 23 November (6 December) 1917 of the year the executive committee of the Chechen National Council sent an ultimatum to the Grozny Council of Workers and Soldiers Deputies, demanding the disarmament of the workers detachments and the revolutionary 111 regiment located in the city.

The next day, in Grozny, the killing of several horsemen and an officer of the Chechen regiment of the “wild division” was provoked. In the evening, several hundred Chechen horsemen looted and set fire to the Novogroznensky oil fields, which burned for 18 months. The Grozny Council decided to withdraw the 111 regiment to Stavropol.

However, the main blow fell on the nearby Cossack villages. Even in the pre-revolutionary years with the connivance of the then authorities, their inhabitants constantly suffered from robberies, robberies and murders committed by freedom-loving abreks. After the start of World War 1, when the combat-capable male population from the Cossack villages was taken to the front, Caucasian crime reached unprecedented proportions.

At the end of 1917, the Chechens and the Ingush began the systematic expulsion of the Russian population. In November, the Ingushs set fire to and destroyed the village of Field Marshal. December 30 Chechens looted and burned the village of Kokhanovskaya. The same fate befell the stanitsa Ilyinskaya.

In January, the Ingush captured and ransacked Vladikavkaz in January 1918. This "feat" was made possible by the universal collapse and disorganization. To the question, where are the troops that were supposed to protect the city, the troop ataman of the Terek Cossack army L. Ye. Medyanik honestly replied: “Yes, they also fled to their homes ... only six members of the Government remained (Means the Terek army government. - I.P.), General Goloshchapov and several officers and Cossacks ”. As Lieutenant-General A. I. Denikin put it in his memoirs on this occasion, the Ingush robbed "Vladikavkaz citizens for their helplessness and non-resistance."

Meanwhile, March 3, 1918, in Pyatigorsk, the Terek Soviet Republic was proclaimed at the 2 Congress of the Terek peoples. The leadership of the Mountain Republic fled to Georgia. There, in the conditions of the German-Turkish intervention, on May 11 of 1918, a new composition of the Gorsky government was formed, headed by the same Chermoyev. On the same day, the creation of a puppet "Republic of the Highlanders of the North Caucasus" independent of Russia was proclaimed. In October 1918, in the wagon train of Turkish troops, the “government” moved to Dagestan, settling in Temir-Khan-Shura (now Buinaksk). On November 17, it signed an agreement with the Turkish commander-in-chief F. Yusuf-Izzet-Pasha about the stay of the Turkish occupation forces in Dagestan.

Meanwhile, the bloody unrest in the North Caucasus continued to intensify. According to Denikin:

“The Chechens, apart from their complex internal feuds, were divided on the basis of foreign policy, simultaneously forming two national councils: the Grozny district, which had old accounts with the terrorists, by the decision of the Goytin congress went with the Bolsheviks and received money from them, weapon and ammunition. The other part of the Chechens, the Vedeno District, obeying the decision of the Ataginsky Congress, stood on the side of the Cossacks, although he did not provide them with direct assistance, and was against the Bolsheviks. The first were therefore connected more closely with Ingushetia, the second with Dagestan. Between both groups there was a great hostility, sometimes leading to many days of bloody battles, which to some extent mitigated the danger of the position of the Terek Cossacks.

In the autumn of 1918, Chechnya established close relations with the Turkish command in Baku, which through Dagestan provided assistance to the Chechens in arms. ”


On the night of 5 on 6 of August 1918, Cossack and Ossetian troops, supported by part of the population of the city, broke into Vladikavkaz controlled by the Bolsheviks. Began heavy street fighting. In this situation, the temporary emergency commissioner of the South of Russia, G.K. Ordzhonikidze, secretly went to the Ingush village of Bazorkino for talks with the leader of Ingush nationalists, the future Hitlerite attendant Vassan-Giray Dzhabagiyev. In exchange for help in the fight against insurgents, he promised on behalf of the Soviet government, in the event of victory, to transfer the land of four Cossack villages to the Ingush. The offer was accepted. On the same night, armed Ingush detachments began to arrive in Bazorkino. On August 17, under the onslaught of city defenders, the battle formations of the Cossacks and their supporters wavered, panic and indiscriminate retreat began in the direction of the village of Arkhonskaya. The next day, the hostilities were stopped, but the red abreks did not miss the opportunity to once again plunder Vladikavkaz, seized the state bank and the mint.

In pursuance of the shameful conspiracy, the villages of Sunzhenskaya, Aki-Yurt, Tarskaya and Tarskiy khutor with a total population of 10 thousand were evicted. During the eviction, the Ingush, according to the terms of the agreement, were supposed to "protect the property and citizens of villages from the criminal element." Instead, they themselves engaged in robbery and robbery. As residents of the Tarskaya stanitsa wrote in a petition addressed to the 5-th Congress of the Terek peoples:

“After the August events, participation in which the village denies, Tarskaya was announced an ultimatum: to get out of the village within two days. After the village laid down its arms, guards from the Ingush came into it (a hundred).

Instead of guards, robberies and robberies of the guards themselves began from the day and, finally, it was ordered to leave the entire village at once. Looting and murder began. While we reached Vladikavkaz, 242 horses were robbed from the villagers, 78 was taken in thousands of rubles, things were robbed on 800 000 rubles, and 13 people were shot.


In Vladikavkaz, the convoy was met by Red Army men and the village residents wrote from them, “we saw salvation.”

For the Ingush property left in the villages, they pledged to pay compensation to the settlers in the amount of 120 million rubles, but this amount was never paid.

In December 1918, the offensive of the Volunteer Army in the North Caucasus began. January 21 (February 3) white troops approached Vladikavkaz. After six days of stubborn fighting, during which a series of consecutive attacks were made on the Ingush auls, on January 27 (February 9), the Ingush National Council expressed on behalf of its people the complete submission of Denikin’s power.

At the same time, Grozny was also busy. At first, completely in the spirit of today's soft-tempered politics, the white authorities tried to "solve the problem of Chechnya at the negotiating table." Of course, the Chechens immediately perceived this as a sign of weakness.

“The twice-appointed congress of Chechen representatives in Grozny did not take place because of the refusal of the Bolshevik organs to send their attorneys. Chechnya was worried, the region of Grozny was becoming impassable, attacks and shelling were becoming more and more frequent; At the same time, the Chechens interrupted the railway communication with Petrovsky, wrecking two working trains. A serious uprising began, the center of which was Goyty aul, miles away from Grozny in 25.

Our almost two-month wait was understood by the mountaineers as weakness. Meanwhile, the strategic situation on the Don and Manych demanded that a hastily transfer of possible large forces to the north. Delay longer was not possible. Negotiations were interrupted, and the issue was given to the force of arms. "


March 23 (April 5) a detachment of the Kuban and Terek Cossacks under the command of Lieutenant General D. Dratsenko defeated the Chechens at the village of Alkhan-Yurt, where they lost the people to 1000, and the village itself was burned. Realizing that they would not stand on ceremony with them, the Chechens of the Grozny district began to send deputations from all sides with an expression of submission.

Denikin appointed a ruler of Chechnya to be a general from artillery Eriskhan Aliyev, a Chechen by nationality, Ingushetia - an Ingush general-major Safarbek Malsagov. However, the real power was in the hands of the commander-in-chief of the troops in the North Caucasus, Kornilov's associate general from cavalry, IG Erdeli.

In May, 1919, after occupying Dagestan with white troops, the “Highland Government” announced its dissolution and fled again to hospitable Georgia.

Having achieved recognition of their power, the whites began mobilizing Chechens and Ingushes into their army. By order of Lieutenant-General A.I. Denikin, Commander-in-Chief of the All-Soviet Union of Democratic People's Republic of Belarus No. 341 of February 23 (March 8) of 1919, the Ingush Horse Division was included in the Armed Forces in southern Russia and the Caucasus Volunteer Army. However, this compound remained on paper. As Denikin himself recalled: “The formation of Ingush regiments for the Volunteer Army did not move, but instead there was a secret formation of local units. Ingushetia was still a hostile armed camp, which was considered with only one argument - force ”.

As a result, only the Ingush cavalry brigade of two regiments was created. According to Lieutenant-General P.N.Wrangel, who commanded the Caucasian army, the Ingush mobilized were distinguished by extremely low combat capability. However, since August 1919, the Ingush brigade has been actively involved in the fighting north of Tsaritsyn.

As for the Chechens, their contribution to the struggle against Bolshevism turned out to be more significant. By order of Denikin No. 1101 from 1 (14) of June 1919, the Chechen Horse Division was formed as part of four Chechen and Kumyk regiments. Its commander was Major General Alexander Petrovich Revishin, a very colorful figure. In the summer of 1917, being a colonel of the Russian army, he was an ardent supporter of the creation of the Crimean Tatar military units. Then he served the “independent Ukraine” with Hetman Skoropadsky. Finally, once in the Denikin army, this “internationalist” enthusiastically led the Chechen division.

30 May (13 June) 1919, the division launched a campaign against Astrakhan as part of a group of troops under the command of General Dratsenko, who had recently subdued Chechnya. In the campaign participated three Chechen regiments. 4-th regiment was in the formative stage.

The Chechens did not win special fame on the battlefield. As one of the officers of the division recalled, staff captain Dmitry De Witt:

“The 1-th Chechen Horse Regiment, which was in a deep, almost 10-verst, roundabout on the left, had to cut the Olenchevka - Fisheries road, avoiding the approach to the red reinforcements; however, the regiment did not fulfill its task, lost contact with the division in the morning and four times unsuccessfully attacked the position of the Reds, until, in turn, it was attacked by the red cavalry and thrown far into the field. Untreated horsemen, having fallen into a difficult situation, fled, and the next day they managed to assemble almost half of the regiment: most of them fled to the steppe and then deserted to Chechnya. ”


And this is completely unsurprising. As noted by the same De Witt:

“The proportion of a Chechen as a warrior is small, by nature he is a robber-abrek, and, moreover, not a bold one: he always plans for the weak to the weak and, if he defeats her, becomes cruel to sadism. In battle, his only thirst is robbery, as well as a feeling of animal fear of an officer. Having served for about a year among Chechens and having been at home in their villages at home, I think that I will not be mistaken in asserting that all the beautiful and noble customs of the Caucasus and adats of antiquity were created not by them and not for them, but, obviously, by more cultural and gifted tribes. At the same time, justice compels us to say that the Chechen is irreplaceable and beautiful, if, seized by impulse, he is thrown into the pursuit of an upset enemy. In this case - the grief of the vanquished: the Chechen is crawling through. Persistent and prolonged combat, especially on foot, they do not stand up and easily, like any wild man, at the slightest failure, are subject to panic. ”


But this time the opponent of the “brave jigits” got serious:

“The red cavalry had a great saber - it was almost entirely red Cossacks, and the wounds of the Chechens were mostly fatal. I myself saw the severed skulls, I saw a severed arm, a shoulder chopped to the 3 – 4 edge, and so on. “So only well-trained cavalry soldiers or Cossacks could chop.”


It is not surprising that mass desertion began in the Chechen shelves:

“The regiments of the Chechen horse division suffered heavy losses during the Steppe campaign, but they thawed even more during the retreat from all non-stop desertion. The fight against this evil became impossible: no punishment, including the death penalty, could not keep the Chechen from the temptation to flee to his home under the cover of night. After the retreat, the regiments were reduced to 1 – 2 squadron, and the entire division from the 3 regiments barely consisted of 250 – 300 checkers. ”


By order of General Revishin, 6 Chechens from the 2 Regiment were shot for armed robbery and desertion of 54, and XNUMX was publicly whipped with a ramrod.

After returning from an unsuccessful campaign, the division had to be re-formed. 17 (30) July, thinned Chechen regiments arrived in Kizlyar. From there, plunging by train, the remnants of the Chechen Horse Division went for a new formation to Stavropol.

Meanwhile, uprisings continued in Chechnya and Ingushetia:

“In the North Caucasus, the uprisings did not stop. In the second half of June, they swept through Ingushetia, mountainous Dagestan (Ali-Khadzh), upland Chechnya (Uzun-Khadzhi and Sheripov); having calmed down in July, they repeated in August with a new force in Chechnya and Dagestan under the leadership of Turkish and Azerbaijani officers and with the strong influence of Soviet money and Bolshevik agitation directed from Astrakhan ... And although these uprisings were invariably suppressed by the Russian authorities, although they never inflamed to a degree that threatens the vital of our rear; but still created an ever-nervous political environment, diverting attention, strength and resources from the main direction of all our aspirations and thoughts. ”


In September, 1919, in the village of Vedeno, the creation of the North Caucasian emiry was proclaimed. Imam Uzun-Haji became the ruler of the new Sharia monarchy. The threat from the Volunteer Army forced the imam to conclude an alliance with the local Bolsheviks, and the partisan detachment under the command of the famous fighter for Soviet power in the Caucasus N.F. Gikalo became part of the emirry forces.

However, one should not exaggerate the role of these speeches, as the arrogant representatives of “small but proud peoples” like to do:

“I recently read the memoirs of Denikin. The general writes: “Why did I not take Moscow? I never thought that robber nations - Chechens and Ingushs - would side with the Bolsheviks, whom I had to beat out with direct fire. And against these thugs will lie down my officers' units. ”


There is a traditional lie. Here is what Denikin’s memoirs actually says:

“The cup of national patience is overflowing ... While Cossack and volunteer Russian blood is being shed for the liberation of the Motherland, the Chechens and Ingush mobilized with Russian weapons and deserted the masses, taking advantage of the absence of the male population on the ground, engage in looting, robbery, murder and lift open uprising. "


Meanwhile, from September 28 to December 20 1919, the Chechen division takes part in battles with Nestor Makhno’s insurgents as part of a group of special forces, distinguishing himself for looting:

“Less than a few days later, as in my squadron, there was a new case, so characteristic of the Chechens. Passing through the marketplace, I heard a strong cry from the sidelines, and at the same time a man approached me, saying: “Something amiss is happening to your Chechen”. I entered the crowd and saw my rider 2-th platoon, fought off by some brave women, clinging to him in the coat of Circassian. “I’ll deliver you to the boss, if you don’t return your boots,” the woman squealed. I here on the spot dismantled their dispute. It was quite obvious to me that the Chechen had stolen the boots lying on the cart; the Chechen assured that he bought them. I ordered to return them to the woman, and go to the squadron myself and report on the incident to the sergeant. In the evening, having come to the squadron after roll call, I called the guilty rider out of action.

I barely recognized him: the entire face, swollen and blue from the bruises, said that, having passed through the hands of the sergeant, he barely passed his platoon officer, and that in this case the expression “Mr. Vakhmistr was delicate to talk to him” was literal, but not a figurative meaning. The commander-in-chief, a Dagestani himself, treated the Chechens with undisguised contempt and held high his authority, not hesitating to use his weighty fist, which made his riders afraid and stretched in his presence. In the old days, serving in the regular regiment, I was against assault, considering that the officer had other measures to influence his subordinate, but, hitting the natives on Wednesday, I was convinced that physical punishment was the only radical measure. Chechens, as semi-wild people, recognize only power and are subject only to it; but all humanity and half measures are accepted by them as a manifestation of weakness. ”


“I was already beginning to convince myself, as if to believe that by holding the Chechens strictly in their hands and not allowing robberies, one could make good soldiers of them; Unfortunately, life was not slow to deny all my dreams.

The fight against robberies became almost overwhelming. The robbery was, as it were, legitimized by the whole structure of the camp life, as well as the thieving nature of the mountaineer himself. We stood among the rich, wealthy peasants, in most cases German colonists, without any nutritional deficiencies: milk, butter, honey, bread — there was plenty, and yet there were no complaints about the theft of poultry. In a flash, a Chechen caught a chicken or a goose, twisted their heads and hid their prey under a burka. There were complaints and more serious: the replacement of horses or robbery, accompanied by violence or threats. The regimental commander cruelly punished the guilty, but what could he do when some of his closest assistants were ready to look at all this lawlessness as the seizure of military booty, so necessary for encouraging Chechens. ”


In addition to robberies, Chechen warriors were distinguished by the habit of sleeping at their posts:

“Circling the guard at night, I came across sleeping at the sentry in the field guard. I hit both of them with a whip, they jumped up, rubbing their eyes, and one of them answered me melancholically: "Mr. Captain, forgive me, but mine is not afraid of the Bolsheviks, and therefore I decided to sleep a little bit." This was typical of Chechens: at night they always fell asleep and could easily let them down. But God kept us if the Chechens were in security and slept. ”


However, God's patience also dried up, and soon the Chechen warriors had to pay twice for their sloppiness. This happened after January 1, the battered division 1920, was transferred to Kry. Major-General Ya.A. Slashchov, who led the defense of the Crimea, recalled:

“Tyup-Dzhankoy, as a naked peninsula, advanced forward, walked along the ice from the Arabat Spit and did not give the opportunity to live in large parts, both mine and the enemy, disturbed me a little. Therefore, there were 4 serf guns of the old model with powder projectiles shooting at three versts (the same as at Perekop).

I sent Chechens out of military units there, because, standing like cavalry in the rear, they plundered so much that there was no good luck. I caulked them on Tup-Dzhankoy. Only a few Tatars lived there, also Muslims and terribly poor, so there was no one to rob. To calm the nerves of General Revishin, who commanded the mountaineers, I gave it there, however, reluctantly, because there were few artillery, even 2 light guns.

Magnificent robbers in the rear, these mountaineers raided the Reds in early February at Tup-Dzhankoy overslept, and then just as superbly scattered, leaving all six guns. There were so few red ones that the counterattack that I had moved did not even catch them, but only the weapons that fell in the ice found them. I especially felt sorry for the two lungs: the locks and panoramas were blown away in red and the corpses of the guns remained.

After this and previous robberies, Revishin and I became enemies. Before the battle, he objected to all my statements about the robberies that the robberies had not been proven and that the highlanders would save everything in battle, and he referred to authorities, up to and including Lermontov. I myself was in the Caucasus and I know that they are capable of plundering dashingly, and just that they can run. Having no faith in the Highlanders, I, upon my arrival in Crimea, ordered them to be disbanded and sent to the Caucasus to replenish their units, for which I was scolding from Denikin (apparently, under the protection of Revishin) with an order to keep them separate. ”


Indeed, in the report of Major General Revishin to the commander of 3 of the army corps, Slashchov from 11 of March of 1920, he said:

“I don’t deny that Chechens are robbing, but they are robbing in no way more than other troops, as evidenced by repeated searches conducted by commanders who have nothing to do with the Chechen division.”


Four days later, the Chechen division was finally disbanded and a separate Crimean equestrian brigade was created. However, soon she was again deployed to a division led by the same Revishin.

9 June 1920 of the year, having learned from the testimony of prisoners, that in the village of Novo-Mikhaylovka some cavalry units of whites are concentrated, the command of the 3 cavalry brigade 2 of the Blinov Cavalry Division decided to destroy the enemy by night raid. Thanks to the traditionally careless attitude of Chechen dzhigits to military discipline, this was brilliantly succeeded. At dawn 10 June in a fleeting battle, the headquarters of the Chechen division was defeated, and its commander, General Revishin, was captured. Reds captured numerous trophies: guns, machine guns, cars. On the streets of the village there are a few hundred dead bodies of hacked and shot Chechens. Red losses were only a few wounded.

The defeat of the headquarters of the Chechen division became a crown of its inglorious combat path. Soon the captured General Revishin already testified to the member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the South-Western Front, JV Stalin:

“The military general Revishin who we captured on the tenth of June on the Crimean front declared in my presence: a) uniforms, guns, rifles, Tanks, Wrangel troops receive checkers mainly from the British, and then from the French; b) from the sea, Wrangel is served by English large vessels and French small; c) fuel (liquid) Wrangel receives from Batum (which means that Baku should not release fuel to Tiflis, which can sell it to Batum); d) General Erdeli, interned by Georgia and to be extradited to us, was already in Crimea in May (which means Georgia is cunning and deceiving us).

The testimony of General Revishin about the aid of England and France to Wrangel will be transcribed and will be sent to you for his signature as material for Chicherin.

Stalin
25 June 1920 G. "


Oppressed from the high road

In January 1920, the decisive offensive of the troops of the Caucasian Front began. By early April, the Terek region and Dagestan were busy with red. True to the principles of “proletarian internationalism”, according to which tsarist Russia was a “prison of nations”, Chechens and Ingushs were “oppressed nations”, and the Cossacks were “servants of autocracy”, local Bolshevik leaders headed by Ordzhonikidze immediately began to evict Cossack villages, to transfer their land to the Chechens and Ingush. At the end of April, the Cossacks of the four Cossack villages of the Sunzhenskaya line were re-evicted, returning back to Denikin.

Soon, under the pretext of the Cossacks' participation in the counter-revolutionary uprising, five more villages were evicted: Yermolovskaya, Romanovskaya, Samashkinskaya, Mikhailovskaya and Kalinovskaya, their lands were transferred to the Chechens. However, Ordzhonikidze and his associates were not going to stop there, planning to completely evict the stanitsa of the Sunzhenskaya line. It was only thanks to the firm position of Stalin and Kalinin that the deportation of the Cossack population was stopped.

Despite the lamentations about the oppressed highlanders, whom the royal authorities allegedly cheated on the land, for a long time after the eviction of the Cossacks, the Chechens did not express a desire to move to the liberated stanitsa. No wonder. As the captain-captain De Witt, who visited Chechnya, recalled, I have already quoted the following memoirs:

“All homework, housekeeping, gardening, and so on. lies on wives, whose number depends solely on the means of her husband ... Men, as a rule, do nothing at all and are terribly lazy. Their purpose is to protect their hearth from all sorts of blood avengers. Robbery as a means of existence in their lives is completely legal, especially when it comes to their hateful neighbors - the Terek Cossacks, with whom the Chechens have waged wars since time immemorial. All men, and even children, always with arms, without which they do not dare to leave their home. They rob and kill mainly on the road, arranging ambushes; however, often, without sharing honestly prey, they become enemies for life, avenging the abuser and his entire family. They barely trade, except for horses. The region is rich and with female labor only feeds them in abundance. ”


In this assessment, the Red commanders fully agree with the White Guard officer. As they wrote in the "Overview of Banditry in the North Caucasus Military District, as of 1 September 1925," the Speaker of the Chief of the Intelligence Department of Zakutny District and the Chief of the Operations Division wrote:

“The Chechens, who were provided with rich land after the revolution on a plane, do not fully use their agriculture, do not work hard in backward forms. For the most part, Chechens are prone to gangsterism, as the main source of easy money, which is facilitated by the large presence of weapons. ”


The same is said in the report dated by August 1922 of the Vrid chairman of the RVK of Sunzhensky District addressed to the people's commissar of internal affairs with the eloquent title “On mass robberies and robberies in the Sunzhensky district by the residents of Chechens and Ingushs”:

“The robberies were carried out both at night and in the afternoon in the villages of Sleptsovskaya, Troitskaya, Nesterovskaya, Fieldmarshalskaya, Assinovskaya, Sernovodskaya, Khut. Davydenko.

During the period from June to 15 1 August 1922 14, the horses were pilfer, 4 cows and a bull, and from August to 1 1 September 149 was uvorovannye horses, cows and a bull 23, 23 hive with bees, 3 killed a man and injured a man 2 4 man captured, man beaten with 2 butts, woman raped. 4 threshing machines were ransacked, 5 vans were taken away, 58 million rubles were robbed. 20 pcs. Stolen in Sernovod police rifles, 1800 pcs. the patron, the 25 man was naked. "


Having supported the “liberation movement” of the Chechens and the Ingush, the Reds soon faced the need to crush it with methods borrowed from the “cursed royal past”.
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  1. radio operator
    radio operator 18 March 2013 09: 00 New
    14
    During the Civil War, the Highlanders fought on the side of the Reds, for which they were promised a number of Cossack villages. Needless to say, after the whites were squeezed out, the Bolshevik authorities gave the village to the mercy. And is it worth saying that ALL were cut out without exception.
    There is evidence that after a "visit" to the highlanders, the courtyards of the villages were decorated with garlands of guts, and the heads of children and unborn babies were planted on the palisade.
    As, correctly stated above, the Soviet regime was also subjected to violence, contrary to the Leninist thesis about oppressed nationalities. And, as a result - February 23, 1944.
    1. strannik595
      strannik595 18 March 2013 14: 56 New
      14
      what has changed since then? ....... all the same, unspoiled by intellect, faces ...... maybe amers and dumb, but the idea with the reservations was not bad
  2. Krasnoyarsk
    Krasnoyarsk 18 March 2013 10: 37 New
    11
    This so-called "Wild Division" was destroyed by Makhno with a handful of bandits. I have not seen a single written testimony from the Austrians about a wild division. And dear Kumunyaks, having acted like the last Paskuds, gave the Terek villages to these chocks, who cut them out without regard to the floor and age (It also happened before the first Chechen one)
    1. sichevik
      sichevik 18 March 2013 21: 53 New
      +4
      Dear, Nestor Ivanovich Makhn did not have a handful of bandits, as you deigned to put it, but a combat-ready and large army. Which, by the way, the Crimea took, and the Kumunyaki (again I quote you) then the army of Makhn was soberly beaten out of machine guns on Sivash. And they seized the capture of Crimea. If you are interested, then look on the internet about it. You’ll find a lot of interesting information.
  3. valokordin
    valokordin 18 March 2013 11: 19 New
    13
    One must speak with this audience from a position of strength, no diplomacy. But they climb into Russian lands brazenly, establish their bases, buy or intimidate our corrupt officials and behave and breed like rats.
    1. Geos-y
      Geos-y 18 March 2013 22: 01 New
      +5
      Unfortunately, further it will only get worse, and apparently, someone sitting very high is beneficial. Either these people do not understand what they are playing with.
      And Beria’s barges, they say, are still whole!
  4. Ascetic
    Ascetic 18 March 2013 11: 20 New
    10
    The real reason was the Russophobic views of most of the then leaders of the RCP (b), inherited by them from many generations of the pro-Western Russian intelligentsia. For them, everything was clear: Russia was a “prison of peoples”, Chechens and Ingush were “oppressed nations”, and Cossacks were “servants of the autocracy”. Therefore, Russians must
    "artificially put oneself in a position lower than others; only at this price can we buy ourselves the real trust of the previously oppressed nations "(from Bukharin’s speech at the 1923th Congress of the RCP (B.) in the spring of XNUMX).”

    What this led to is already well known. The Chechens, despite the presence of garrisons of the Red (hereinafter referred to as the Soviet) army and the formal presence of Soviet power, again embarked on violence and robbery that did not stop until the 44th year, until the time of their eviction. Only from the 44th to the 56th years the population of the Grozny region began to breathe calmly.
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 18 March 2013 12: 58 New
      12
      In my opinion, Russophobic sentiments among the leaders of the RCP (b) were due to their extremely non-Russian composition.
  5. Forest
    Forest 18 March 2013 12: 26 New
    +5
    I read that in Ukraine, bandits from the "wild division" were not taken prisoner, but burned alive, for the atrocities committed by them to the civilian population.
  6. fzr1000
    fzr1000 18 March 2013 12: 59 New
    +4
    Nothing has changed since Yermolov's time. Sooner or later (unfortunately) it will be necessary to remember this.
  7. lechatormosis
    lechatormosis 18 March 2013 13: 04 New
    14
    I saw in the video how such ASLANBEKS cut the throat of a RUSSIAN WOMAN although she begged them not to kill.
    Rights author these NON-PEOPLE understand only the language of the bullet in the forehead.
    They perceive any negotiations as weakness and become even more impudent.
    1. carbofo
      carbofo 20 March 2013 13: 09 New
      +1
      I think I saw the same video, my heart is stiff.
  8. Normal
    Normal 18 March 2013 13: 52 New
    +7
    The article deals with the days long gone. Then it was believed: Highlanders - the oppressed. Cossacks - the support of the autocracy
    Well, now? Why is power so favored by Caucasians now? Why is power again on the side of the Abreks and against the Russians?
    1. BruderV
      BruderV 18 March 2013 14: 59 New
      +9
      Quote: Normal
      Why, again, power is on the side of the Abreks and against the Russians

      And who is in power? Take a biography of Mr.. With the Russian surname Surkov or Ruslan Khasbulatov. Or the son-in-law of Pugachiha Ruslan Baysarov, who at a reasonable price took her daughter Kristina as his wife. And there are a lot of those who took drugs on grandmothers and broke into power, and their geeks sons travel around Moscow without rules, shoot from windows, shoot people down and the police do nothing to them, because blood feud from influential relatives will follow. So the enemy is already in power and you should not hope for power.
  9. klimpopov
    klimpopov 18 March 2013 15: 43 New
    +7
    http://www.yaplakal.com/forum1/topic553746.html
    For that:
    Young holidaymakers from the North Caucasus republic will be accommodated in sanatoriums located no further than 200 meters from the sea. According to the government procurement website of the Russian Federation, hotels should have their own beaches, indoor pools with heated water, etc. 421 million rubles will be spent on this project from the budget.

    There has not yet been a precedent for tens of thousands of children to go on holiday abroad for state funds. Internet blogs and forums are full of indignation that Chechnya has again turned out to be the most privileged region in the Russian Federation.



    I do not rekindle. But Russians, as always, are “non-people” and oppressors apparently. Once again, we are apparently "to blame" for something. They will bring it at such a pace to the 17go and to the 44go ... Although they really do not want it. I want peace and tranquility ...
    1. klimpopov
      klimpopov 18 March 2013 15: 45 New
      +2
      I hope that VBRS but read repeatedly ... Yes, and Ramzanka recently distinguished himself on instagram ...
  10. SIT
    SIT 18 March 2013 15: 51 New
    10
    According to the military commissariats, in March 1942, out of 14576 Chechen conscripts deserted 13560 people who went into the mountains and joined the gangs.

    At the end of August 1943, the head of the political department of the military commissariat of the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Colonel Ivanov, informed the higher authorities: “The situation continues to be tense in Shatoevsky, Itum-Kalinsky, Cheberloevsky, Sharoevsky and other areas.

    1. 12.8.43, a group of bandits entered the district center of Achaluksky district, armed with machine guns, rifles. The bandits fired, attacked the apartment of police officer Bistov, opened fire on the windows. Bistov managed to escape, and the 14-year-old daughter was killed.

    2. 18.8.43, from the collective farm to them. “2nd Five-Year Plan” of the Achaluksky district bandits led away collective farm horses.

    3. 18.8.43, in the area of ​​villages. Buty an armed gang of up to 30 people attacked a convoy with a cargo of Sharoevsky general store.

    4. On 19.8.43, a group of armed gangs in the Kirinsky Village Council stole up to 300 sheep.

    5. In the Achkhoy-Martan district 13.8. 43, in the village of Chu-Zhi-Chu, the chairman of the village council, Comrade Larsonova, was killed by a group of bandits.

    At present, measures are being taken to eliminate the counter-revolutionary gang groups in the republic. ”

    Reading these documents, one involuntarily draws attention to the fact that even in wartime, gang raids in Chechnya were not so bloody and cruel than today. Perhaps that is why some of the gangs managed to avoid destruction, and they hid in the mountains for quite some time after the war?

    Here is what KGB Major General Eduard Boleslavovich Nordman said on this subject:
    - In 1968, I participated in a routine audit of the work of the KGB of Chechen-Ingushetia. From conversations with local Chekists, I suddenly learned that in the mountains are still two hiding gangs formed during the war. True, their activities have lost any political connotation. They just survived, robbed the local population. But it did not betray its offenders - by virtue of a peculiar mentality.
    When I returned to Moscow, they began to invite me to the authorities' offices and ask about the situation in Chechen-Ingushetia. When it came to the gangs, they stopped me: they say you did not speak, I did not hear. Only the Secretary of the Central Committee, Kirilenko, was I able to fully tell this story and proposed to create a department for combating banditry in the republican KGB to solve the problem. Andrei Pavlovich replied: “Do you understand what you are saying? So many years have passed since the war, and we will sign that we still have not finished off the fascist henchmen? A shame!" I gathered courage, went to Andropov, reported the situation. He added: “After all, neither the Ministry of Internal Affairs nor the KGB have a fight on banditry due to the absence of such a problem. So no one is chasing after those “atavistic“ gangs ”. Yuri Vladimirovich immediately ordered the creation of a special department. By 1970, gangs in Chechen-Ingushetia were over.
  11. Lakkuchu
    Lakkuchu 18 March 2013 15: 52 New
    -18
    Having seen the authors of this opus as a pathological Chechenophobe, Pykhalov realized that he should not count on objectivity and was not mistaken. What is the article about? Yes, about what bad Chechens and Ingush did not want to fight. Only the question arises, for whose interests they should have fought and why? Not only did the Russian people destroy each other with bitterness, plunging their own country into chaos and anarchy, all the other peoples of the empire were also involved in this fratricidal massacre. The atrocities of the Vainakhs fade in comparison with the terror that the Bolsheviks and White Guards organized in the Caucasus. By the way, the robbery of "punished" Cossack villages was allowed by the commander of the Caucasian Labor Army Medvedev in gratitude for saving Grozny during his defense from the whites.
    1. klimpopov
      klimpopov 18 March 2013 16: 07 New
      +8
      How can atrocities fade? Atrocities they are atrocities! See the root of the word? Now remember the words of Shamil ...
      Yeshen, commander of the Caucasian Labor Army, Medvedev in gratitude for saving Grozny "during his defense from the whites.

      As always at the mercy of the Russians ... Cool ... And a little what? Where? To whom? Again the words of Shamil remember ...
      1. Lakkuchu
        Lakkuchu 18 March 2013 16: 32 New
        -5
        Quote: klimpopov
        How can atrocities fade? Atrocities they are atrocities! See the root of the word? Now remember the words of Shamil ...

        You should not find fault with words and tell me about the roots of words. You perfectly understood what I mean. Does the case have something to say? Do you deny the terror that the Reds and the Whites organized in the Caucasus, however, as in the rest of Russia? Was it also arranged by Chechens or Caucasians? What Shamil said, I know better than you and it has nothing to do with this issue.

        Quote: klimpopov
        And a little what? Where? To whom? Again the words of Shamil remember ...

        What’s this all about?
        1. klimpopov
          klimpopov 18 March 2013 16: 45 New
          +5
          I didn’t find fault with the words, but only asked you that "how can one atrocity be better than another?" - if you rephrase ...
          You understand what I mean

          Honestly, I don’t understand ...
          Do you deny the terror that the Reds and the Whites organized in the Caucasus, however, as in the rest of Russia? Was it also arranged by Chechens or Caucasians?

          Have I denied something somewhere? Or have you come up with and conceived?
          And that there was no terror arranged by "Chechens and Caucasians"?
          Shamil, I know better than you, and this has nothing to do with this issue.

          How does it not have? It has the most direct relation ...
          What Shamil said, I know better than you and it has nothing to do with this issue.

          How do you know what I know?
          What’s this all about?

          You did not read it ...

          Okay, we will not kindle. The topic is serious. I do not want sracha ...
          1. Lakkuchu
            Lakkuchu 18 March 2013 17: 01 New
            -5
            Quote: klimpopov
            Okay, we will not kindle. The topic is serious. I do not want sracha ...

            The topic is really serious, and it’s possible to discuss it rather than arrange a “srach” for a very long time. But there is no time, unfortunately forced to leave the site.
            I have been interested in the life of Imam Shamil, as well as the history of the Caucasian War for many years, so I know quite well what Shamil talked about, but I repeat - this has no direct relationship to this article.
    2. SIT
      SIT 18 March 2013 16: 51 New
      +7
      Quote: Lakkuchu
      Yes, about what bad Chechens and Ingush did not want to fight. Only the question arises, for whose interests they should have fought and why?

      Quote: Lakkuchu
      By the way, the robbery of "punished" Cossack villages was allowed by the commander of the Caucasian Labor Army Medvedev in gratitude for saving Grozny during his defense from the whites.

      So do not fight since there is nothing, but why rob at any opportunity?
      1. Lakkuchu
        Lakkuchu 20 March 2013 08: 16 New
        -1
        The article is about the Civil War. Ask the same question to the White Cossacks who committed terror in the North Caucasus, who ravaged and robbed auls. You, as always, see a log in someone else's eye, but you do not see a speck in your own.
    3. Avenger711
      Avenger711 18 March 2013 17: 56 New
      +5
      That is, as usual, there is nothing to answer to the Chechen case? And to bring tons of documents of different years written by a variety of people, often from warring camps, it remains only to smear the sneakers and translate the speech to another?
      1. Lakkuchu
        Lakkuchu 20 March 2013 08: 21 New
        -1
        In fact, I have already said, and I can bring to such "tons of documents" others that are absolutely contrary to these statements, which incidentally also belong to Russian eyewitnesses. And you just have nothing to say in the case, judging by the empty commentary and choose the expression. By the way, about Chechen, this is not at the address.
    4. ABV
      ABV 19 March 2013 02: 07 New
      +7
      The article is not about how Chechens and others had to fight for someone’s interests, but that these nations, in principle, have no constructive beginning and can only live by theft and banditry. And only when there are most of them. And when they stumble upon force, they will kill it in a magnificent way, and all and always! request
      1. Val_y
        Val_y 19 March 2013 16: 23 New
        +2
        The fact is, only seven of them can, and all Caucasians, if even the two of them, are sissy (if not nerd, it will be like in the movie "Brother"). angry
        1. Lakkuchu
          Lakkuchu 20 March 2013 08: 05 New
          -2
          The fact is that Russian skinheads - skinheads even in the seven can not, except that some Uzbeks or Tajiks, and they need to attack the Caucasians at least 20-fold superiority. And one dag drives 20-30 Russians in the army and this is not in the fictional ,, Brother ", but in life.
  12. PrikVO 84-86
    PrikVO 84-86 18 March 2013 16: 17 New
    11
    During the match “Terek” - “Ruby” in Grozny there was a scandalous incident. After the judge, Mikhail Vilkov, showed the red card to the owner’s player Rizvan Utsiev, a remark was made to the referee over the stadium speakerphone: “You are a corrupt judge, you goat.” As it turned out later, the author of the emotional attack was the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov.

    "Wild people. Children of the mountains" (C)
  13. Lakkuchu
    Lakkuchu 18 March 2013 16: 45 New
    -6
    Here is just one of the many facts of white terror. About 100 mountain villages that expressed rebellion were wiped off by Denikinites. The Ingush villages of Surkhori and Ekazhevo, the Chechen villages of Goity, Gekhi, Urus-Martan and many others suffered such tragic fate. In response, uprisings broke out in Ingushetia and Chechnya. In July 1919, a mass struggle unfolded in Dagestan.
    1. tomas.09
      tomas.09 19 March 2013 03: 29 New
      +5
      Urus-Martan seems to be translated as death to Russians. Maybe Stavropol can be renamed Chechen-Martan, because the Tolerasts from the UK and the prosecutor’s office
  14. dmb
    dmb 18 March 2013 17: 13 New
    -6
    The article is once again an attempt to impose on society the opinion that all problems lie on the national plane, and not at all on the social plane. Unfortunately, this imposition is successful especially in a poorly educated unit. Although, at the same time, those who are trying to impose themselves consider themselves to be national intelligentsia. Can someone explain to me how the Kadyrov, Baysarov, or, say, Gutsiriev, listed in the comments, differ from Potanin, Serdyukov, Deripaska, etc. The author was so carried away by his personal national idea that he agreed to the extent that Turkish and Azerbaijani officers (interventionists) supported the Bolsheviks. Well, here at least for some document it was worth linking. At the same time, if you are already trying to cover the story, it would be worth explaining why Anton Ivanovich, instead of attacking Moscow, ran into the Caucasus, i.e. in the opposite direction from the capital. By the way, the author himself, unwillingly and following the facts, once again confirms that the war was civil: both Russians (including Cossacks) and Chechens, Ossetians and Ingush fought on both sides, and divided each other not so much on national as on social principle.
    1. BruderV
      BruderV 18 March 2013 17: 44 New
      +7
      Quote: dmb
      Unfortunately, this imposition is successful especially in the poorly educated

      Another propagandon provocateur. Over the centuries, representatives of the nationality being discussed disintegrate people alive into pieces according to their national and religious grounds, and here he is trying to pretend that everyone who is dissatisfied with this is illiterate ignoramuses who lack tolerance.
      1. dmb
        dmb 18 March 2013 19: 02 New
        -1
        Well, that’s the confirmation of my words. Naturally, no counterarguments are given, a label is immediately hung up, and then ... The dismemberment by religious grounds is fresh. In what religion the author of the commentary subtracted this, there is a great mystery. With the Russian language, the author, too, is somehow not very. It remains only to wish him, at least three, but to finish the eight-year period. True, judging by the anonymity of the profile, the author of the comment is quite literate, and belongs to the titular nation of a completely different country.
        1. BruderV
          BruderV 18 March 2013 20: 32 New
          0
          Who are you treating uncle? Your house was a trick, your damask kinig mat. Those who are - Dafay goodbye. He also writes to me that I am anonymous. You are no less an anonym and an anonymity here and doing. If you really are Russian, then I don’t want to be Russian at all - fire with such a cattle that they let go under the knife, and it asks for additives, to be of one nationality. Excuse me for switching to personalities.
          1. dmb
            dmb 18 March 2013 21: 22 New
            +1
            Well, God be with them with an eight-year-old, here at least the master had an initial. "Anonym [1] (from the Greek. Ανώνυμος - nameless, unknown) - the author of something anonymous, without a signature; most often - the text." - Wikipedia (as the most accessible for Mr.. "And he, poor fellow by virtue of intelligence apparently about sexual deviations.
    2. ABV
      ABV 19 March 2013 02: 11 New
      +5
      Not a nationalist at all! But you can’t get away from reality. There is a national coloring of the population of the earth ... has. I wrote above, I repeat - these nations - in principle, have no constructive beginning and can only live by theft and banditry. And only when there are most of them. And when they stumble upon force, they will kill it in a magnificent way, and all and always! request
  15. Black
    Black 18 March 2013 17: 31 New
    +4
    The article focuses on the sharp edges of what happened with the Terek Cossacks.
    The Bolsheviks trampled on morality, “There is no morality in politics, but only purposefulness” - the slogan and principle of Ulyanov-Lenin was fully manifested in the Civil. The Cossacks were simply destroyed by the hands of the "Landsknechts of the revolution", as Trotsky called them.

    In Russia, by the year 17, about 6 million Cossacks lived according to registers. By the end of 1930 About 70% were physically exterminated. Destroyed, scattered throughout the USSR and abroad, the rest are deprived of memory and family ties.

    If it is within the framework of social(DMB Article, this is once again an attempt to impose on society the opinion that all problems lie on the national plane, and not at all on the social plane.) rather than national politics, it’s somehow not easier.
    Jews declared themselves injured, suffering much less.
    Let's call it the social holocaust.
    1. Avenger711
      Avenger711 18 March 2013 17: 54 New
      -2
      Cossacks opposed the authorities - got on the forehead. ALL. The question is settled. It's not about the Cossacks, but about the Chechens and the fact that ANY AUTHORITY sooner or later was forced to crush them.
      1. BruderV
        BruderV 18 March 2013 18: 12 New
        +2
        Quote: Avenger711
        Cossacks opposed the authorities - got on the forehead. ALL.

        What is interesting for? For loyalty to the one to whom they swore? Not for betrayal or treason, but for loyalty! They opposed the new government of Trotsky / Bershteyns, Zuckermans, Rosenbergs, keeping faithful to the old. For this, now they are letting under the knife and immediately closing all the questions? Oh, here you would have fought for Putin against Berezovsky, and after the war you and your entire family under the knife of the Chechens. Not bad? How simple it is, damn it.
    2. dmb
      dmb 18 March 2013 19: 15 New
      -2
      1. You can name the source from which information about 70% is gleaned, because the next sentence, Ala Prokhanov, is beautiful, but unproven. ". These 70% relate to the Terek Cossacks, or Cossacks in general? 3. Who are the Landsknechts, their nationality, social origin, size, territory of residence? What does the announcement of the Jews have to do with the issues considered in the article? I will express myself culturally:" Chatting, do not toss the bags. "This is to the fact that my opinion needs to be justified somehow.
    3. xoma58
      xoma58 19 March 2013 09: 04 New
      +1
      This is not the Holocaust, but the genocide of the Russian people, carried out by the Eugene government, and now, in Motz’s view, there is a clash of Russians and Caucasians in the interests of world Zionism. Let the Russians and the Caucasians fight, and the children of Zion rob and destroy both of them under the guise of.
  16. Black
    Black 18 March 2013 18: 10 New
    +5
    Quote: Avenger711
    Cossacks opposed the authorities - got on the forehead. ALL. The question is settled.

    Well no! how fast !!! we’ve been drawing for 20 years - and how much more to come !!!
    Yesterday, their legal emir of a football referee “pounded” without embarrassment at anything, what will he throw out tomorrow?
  17. knn54
    knn54 18 March 2013 21: 45 New
    +5
    In 1919, Denikin sent "terminators" under the leadership of General Revishin to Ukraine - to crush the Makhno uprising. The wild equestrian division, reinforced by several march squadrons and artillery, was in the second echelon of the strike group. Moving through the territory of Ukraine, they really made themselves afraid - they robbed the local population, raped women, slaughtered adults and children. And in the very first real battle, the Chechen-Ingush “army” was practically destroyed. In that battle, the opponents repeatedly met in hand-to-hand combat, and at the end of the battle the Makhnovists shot several native squadrons of carts. The “Wild Division” lost more than a thousand soldiers, and the Makhnovist rebels - about forty. And summed up the Chechen "exploits" of the Civil War, an officer of the Wild Division Dmitry de Witte. “The specific gravity of a Chechen as a warrior is small; by nature, he is an abrek robber, and, moreover, not from the bold ones: he always makes a weak sacrifice for himself and, if he is defeated, becomes cruel to sadism. In battle, his only engine is the thirst for robbery, as well as a sense of animal fear of the officer. Persistent and prolonged battle, especially on foot, they can not stand it and easily, like any wild man, at the slightest failure they panic.
    General Yermolov (who knew the Chechen people) said "this people cannot be conquered, you cannot educate, you can only destroy it." A Chechen child wears a dagger from the age of five, and two generations of children in Chechnya already know nothing but war. And Russia is losing its best sons.
    PS In the Chechen Republic of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, in the flesh until the 80s, party organizers and collective farm chairmen wore service weapons.
  18. optimist
    optimist 18 March 2013 21: 59 New
    14
    Dear forum users! And let's remember the events of the last 20 years? Without such deep excursions into history. Remember who robbed trains, drove, raped and killed Russians? How did entire Russian families drive into the cellars of their own houses and throw grenades? Let's remember who now gives the “Heroes of Russia” to the murderers of Russian soldiers and overwhelms with our dough “small but proud republics”? Let the moders “ban” me, but I’ll say: either we “them” or “they” us. And this "mine" will explode very soon. As they said 300 years ago in North America: a good "Indian" is a dead "Indian."
    1. ABV
      ABV 19 March 2013 02: 13 New
      +4
      I support your statement fully !!! good
    2. dmb
      dmb 19 March 2013 10: 04 New
      +1
      Well, you see, the one who gave the “Hero of Russia” achieved his goal. Although he is not at all Caucasian. Do you refer this Heroes distributor to whom: to us or to them? Yes, he is most afraid that we will unite not on a national basis, but on the basis of decency. Then oh, how difficult it will be to explain the existence of the Serdyukovs and Dvorkovichs, the Nabiullins and the Kudrins.
    3. Nikolai N
      Nikolai N 19 March 2013 15: 02 New
      0
      They did not stand next to the American Indians
  19. Alexan
    Alexan 19 March 2013 01: 03 New
    0
    Quote: Prikvo 84-86
    During the match “Terek” - “Ruby”

    And yet ... they talked about this in detail on the first channel, taking a confession from the culprit. Maybe this is a message to some changes? So I want to hope ...
  20. Alexan
    Alexan 19 March 2013 01: 15 New
    0
    I was always interested, but I did not find a clear explanation: why did the Cossacks adopt the uniform from the highlanders? I know that dzhigitovke, horse fencing also learned from the enemy. In my opinion, the Circassian, and the dance too, went from lysgin.
    1. BruderV
      BruderV 19 March 2013 09: 52 New
      0
      Read the history of the Cossacks. They are not from the Slavs, but from nomads.
  21. Nikolai N
    Nikolai N 19 March 2013 14: 59 New
    0
    Quote: GEOS-Y
    Unfortunately, further it will only get worse, and apparently, someone sitting very high is beneficial. Either these people do not understand what they are playing with.
    And Beria’s barges, they say, are still whole!

    Yes, setting up new ones is not a problem. And you can even spend money on them without them
  22. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 19 March 2013 20: 44 New
    +2
    Good enough stuff. Without any unnecessary "watered" correctness. The author - respect, material - a huge plus ...

    PS And by the way, the trick of Kadyrov Jr. at the match with Kazan “Ruby” is very, very indicative. More than a great illustration of the so-called "mountain pride" ...
  23. deman73
    deman73 20 March 2013 07: 32 New
    +1
    Good article
  24. Ivan-717
    Ivan-717 19 February 2014 15: 36 New
    0
    Stop feeding the Caucasus!