Military Review

German medium tank T-III. Memo to the Red Army fighter

29
Approved as a memo on the use of a German combat vehicle - medium tank T-III, designed for the rank-and-file and commanding staff of all the combat arms of the Red Army and allowances for partisans and sabotage units operating in the territory occupied by the enemy. This document has been prepared for the preparation and publication of a manual on the use of captured tanks after they were captured by Red Army fighters.


From ICTP - / Romanov /

From the Military Publishing House IKO - / Serpent / 28 September 1941


Warrior of the Red Army!

Perfectly master the trophy technique!

In the battles for the freedom and independence of our Motherland, the fighters and commanders of the Red Army capture various types of military equipment of fascist Germany and its allies. Despite the unfamiliar design, in some parts of the Red Army, tankers are able to deal with enemy technology and successfully use it in battles with the German fascist troops. However, in many compounds, due attention is not paid to the study of enemy technology, which is unacceptable.

Every fighter of the Red Army should know all the features weapons and military equipment of the enemy, to skillfully apply in the protection of our country - the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.


The German medium tank T-III is the most advanced type of tank of the German fascist army. It has the following distinctive features:

1. High speed on and off the roads.

2. Excellent smoothness.

3. Simple and reliable engine that can consume gasoline. However, for better results, you need to use aviation gas or other first-grade gasoline.

4. The small size of the artillery shot and the possibility of firing an electric discharge device, which significantly increases the speed and accuracy of shooting.

5. Convenient location of escape hatches, allowing quick evacuation in case of a tank fire.

6. Good observational devices that provide all-round visibility from a tank.

7. Good radio equipment tank.

8. Ease of use by unprepared staff.

Tankers Osipov and Gareyev master the captured tank. July 1941


Trophy tank PiKpfw III Aust H on the test * in Kubinka. Summer 1941


Trophy tank PzKpfw III Ausf J. Kubinka, 1943


The total weight of the average German T-III tank is 19-21 t., Water-cooled 12-cylinder gasoline engine "Maybach". Maximum engine power 320 HP Fuel tank capacity - 300 l. The neck of the gas tank and radiator are located in the engine compartment on the right along the tank. Access to the neck of the gas tank and radiator is through the right hatch in the roof of the engine compartment.

Currently, the T-III tank has a weapon made of 50-mm tank gun, according to its main characteristics it is slightly higher than the domestic 45-mm tank gun mod. 1938 g., Which significantly increases its combat capabilities compared with a tank of the specified type of previous releases with armament of 37-mm tank gun tanks.

In addition, many T-III tanks with an 50-mm cannon have an increased thickness of the frontal armor of the under-turret box and turret (up to 52-55 mm), which makes them impenetrable for the 45-mm anti-tank cannon anti-tank 400 m. tanks are usually equipped with equipment for overcoming deep fords and water barriers to a depth of 5 m. The mass of such tanks is 22-22,5 t.

All known cases of the use of captured medium tanks T-III in the units of the Red Army confirm the high combat characteristics of this type of tank.

The good armor protection of the medium T-III tank, the high smoothness of its course, the large number and high quality of observation devices, makes it possible to recommend the use of this type of tank especially as a vehicle for the commander of a tank unit or tank for reconnaissance of the close rear of the German fascist troops.


German tank PzKpfw III Ausf H, captured by Soviet soldiers. July 1941


PzKpfw lII Ausf J as the vehicle for the commander of the T-60 tank company. 1942 Winter


When conducting reconnaissance and / or sabotage operations, it is best to overcome the contact line of troops in the evening, since at this time the German trenches are mostly not fully filled and the often passing German tank does not cause much curiosity and is not checked by German infantrymen, while in the afternoon avoid much more difficult. When fighting on captured tanks in the depths of the enemy’s defense in the evening, it is not recommended to open your own lighting and fire with a machine gun, since the lighting and machine-gun fire can give the enemy the location of his tank.

The most successful are the actions of captured tanks in the enemy’s location in groups of 2 units.

Being captured during the fighting, the tank is subject to repair mostly in field conditions and with the involvement of the minimum amount of materials and equipment. The units of the tank are highly reliable and can be operated even by an unskilled driver. The T-III tank repair manual is under development.

For drivers familiar with driving trucks, tractors and tanks, we can recommend the following sequence of tank driving and driving.

To start the engine of the T-III tank you need:

1. Put in the middle position the front shift lever.

2. Open the gas stove by placing its handle in the vertical position, which is located on the engine bulkhead behind the right-hand seat.

3. Press and turn to the right in the course of the tank lever mass switch, which is located in the engine compartment and is located against the door of the engine bulkhead.

4. Drown the key in the ignition lock to failure.

5. Press the starter button while simultaneously lightly pressing the gas pedal with your foot and right-hand pressing down the start-jet nozzle knob located on the floor to the right of the driver's seat.

6. If the engine does not start from the starter, it is necessary to take the crank mounted on the right wing, open the flap in the stern (rear) part of the tank, insert the crank into the ratchet of the inertia starter and turn it counter-clockwise for about half a minute.

After that, to wind up the engine pull the cable ring located to the left of the ratchet.

To start the movement on the T-III tank you need:

1. Check the position of the brake pedal. The pedal must be in the upper (raised) state.

2. Press the clutch pedal with your left foot.

3. Without releasing the clutch pedal, put the front gear shift lever in the forward (forward) or rear (reverse) position.

4. Put the rear gear shift lever in the position corresponding to the desired gear.

5. Gently release the clutch pedal and, simultaneously pressing the gas pedal, start the movement.

To quickly stop the tank, you need to quickly press the clutch pedal and at the same time strongly push the brake pedal.

The control tank does not have any features that significantly distinguish it from the tanks of domestic production.

To rotate the tank to the right or to the left, pull the corresponding vertical turn lever towards you while simultaneously depressing the gas pedal.

To transfer the tank to the highest gear (to accelerate the movement) it is necessary to move the rear gear shift lever to the position marked by a larger number of division of the sector scale, accelerate the tank by pressing the gas pedal, and then quickly press and release the clutch pedal.

Transfer of the tank to a lower gear is similar.

To stop the tank, move the rear gear shift lever to the lowest gear position, then press and quickly release the clutch pedal. Then, after making sure that the tank is in low gear, squeeze the clutch pedal while simultaneously pressing the brake pedal with the foot, then shift the front lever of the gear shift box to the middle position, stopping the motor from engaging the gear shift box and releasing the clutch pedal.

Do not forget, after stopping the tank, remove the key from the ignition lock, which leads to engine jamming, and then open the ground mass lever, preventing the battery from discharging.

A tank with a 50-mm gun has the same basic control mechanisms as the 37-mm gun except for the mass switch, which is located in the engine compartment on the wall to the left along the tank.

To charge an 37-mm or 50-mm gun you must:

1. Pull the handle of the wedge gate, located on the right side in the upper part of the breech, pull to the right and move forward until the stopper sits in the slot. Then apply the bolt handle (located below, on the right side of the breech) and at the same time press the latch lever located in the bolt handle, after which the shutter will open.

2. Fold the projectile into the tray and push it into the breech, after which the shutter closes itself. The gun is charged.

Aiming to carry out through the optical sight, fixed to the left of the gun. Horizontal and vertical aiming of the gun are carried out by handwheels, also located to the left of the gun.

In order to make a shot, it is necessary that the weight be turned on and the engine to work, since the shot is made by an electric discharge device.

To do this, you must perform the following steps:

1. Turn on the electric trigger switch located in front of the direction indicator.

2. Turn on the plugs into the electrical outlet plugs located on the front wall of the turret to the right and left of the gun,

3. Press the red button to the right of the gun, after which the letter “F” will appear in the window next to the button

4. Press the trigger lever, located on the handle of the handwheel horizontal guidance of the gun.

The use of a tank machine gun has no peculiarities as compared with the use of an MG-34 infantry machine gun.

If it is impossible to use a captured tank, it must necessarily be rendered unusable, since even a slightly damaged tank can be restored and used against the forces of the Red Army.

Trophy PzKpfw Ш Ausf H with paratroopers. 1942 Winter



The interior of the tank tower PzKpfw III. Figure from the manual on the operation in Russian.



To do this, you must first remove the machine gun from the tank and hide it, or carry it away, for which you need to do the following:

1. Open the tank mask hatch, for which you push up the handle of the hatch lever, located in front of the right of the machine guns, and with an effort to give the lever forward to failure.

2. Turn the locking lever of the cover of the detachable casing away from you and open the casing cover.

3. Turn away the locking lever of the cape located behind the casing, and fold the cape.

4. Pull the fastening plug latch to the right, and fold the plug back.

5. Raise the machine gun for the middle part and remove it, feeding back.

To remove the machine gun from the ball mount, turn it counterclockwise on 30-40 ° in order to bring the tide into the longitudinal groove, then remove the machine gun, feeding it back.

Then blows a sledgehammer or scrap to destroy the engine, gearbox and the breech of the gun. Access to the engine is through the overhead hatch, and to the gearbox - through the control compartment. If the hatches are closed, open them with a large screwdriver, or crowbar. The gun can be spoiled by spilling a handful of earth into the muzzle, then firing a shot from it.

If there is fuel in the tank, the tank can be blown up, for which purpose we put on the neck of the tank soaked with gasoline, or with oil the ends, rags or straw and light them. For the complete destruction of the tank, you can reinforce the charge of the tol in 1,5-2 kg at the junction of the front and side armor plates of armor from the inside and blow it up with a fire tube or electric fuse.

But it should be remembered that the proper use of a captured tank will bring a much greater contribution to the approach of victory over the German fascist invaders.

Death to the German invaders!

German medium tank T-III. Memo to the Red Army fighter
Trophy German tanks (in the frame - Pz.Kpfw. III) are being towed for repairs to plant number XXUMX in Stalingrad.


General panorama of captured armored vehicles brought to repair the territory of the 82 repbaz branch in Moscow (the territory of the Lift plant). In the photo clearly distinguishable Pz. II, his flame-thrower version of the Pz. II “Flamm” (“Flamingo”), Pz. III, Pz. 38 (t), StuG III, BTR Sd. Kfz. 252 and Sd. Kfz. 253.


Trophy tank Pz.Kpfw. III from the Soviet 107-th separate tank battalion. Volkhov Front, April 1942.


Commissioner 107-th separate tank battalion, armed with captured German tanks Pz.Kpfw. III and Pz.Kpfw. IV, I. ​​Sobchenko conducts political information among fighters. Volkhov front.


Senior Sergeant Nikolai Baryshev on a trophy tank Pz.Kpfw. III from the 107-th separate tank battalion. Volkhov front.


Trophy German medium tank Pz.III commander N.I. Barysheva and his crew. 107-th separate tank battalion, Volkhov front, summer 1942


Workers of one of the factories of Moscow inspect arrived for repair tank PzKpfw III. After the repair, the tank will go into service with one of the Soviet tank divisions equipped with captured German tanks.


Senior Lieutenant A.I. Lozachev (platoon commander) gives the task to the commanders N.I. Baryshev and I.I. Mishina. Soviet 107-th separate tank battalion, armed with trophy German tanks PzKpfw IV and PzKpfw III. Volkhov front. The photo was published in the newspaper "Leningradskaya Pravda" №183 (8289) from 4 in August 1942.


Soviet tankers on captured German armored vehicles. This is a separate company of captured tanks, Western Front, March 1942. In the foreground is the Pz.III medium tank, then - the StuG III assault guns.
29 comments
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  1. avt
    avt April 11 2013 08: 59
    +18
    good Well, what can I say, great! It’s quite objective and businesslike, a normal guide to action. This is typical without hatred. But the de-Stalinists will say that it is a fake, because it glorifies other people's equipment and naturally could not be missed by the Beria’s guardsmen laughing I already saw the photo, but it's still nice to look good
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak April 11 2013 10: 53
      +6
      Quote: avt
      destalinizers will say that this is a fake, because it glorifies other people's equipment


      Not only with us. in 1942, one of the British captured PzKpfw III Ausf F was sent to the United States, where it was decided to copy the Ausf F suspension for further use on future American tanks (which was done, for example, on a self-propelled gun M18, M24 Chaffee, M26 Pershing and others )
  2. Bigriver
    Bigriver April 11 2013 09: 08
    +5
    Another guide :))
    It is interesting that the "forehead" in 50 mm is finally not indicated.
    Apparently released in the spring of the 42nd.
  3. Iraclius
    Iraclius April 11 2013 09: 09
    +8
    Drown the key in the ignition switch to failure.

    It's funny to read about a gas tank! good The objective attitude to the T-III tank is very revealing. The scrupulousness of the memo is striking.
    1. avt
      avt April 11 2013 10: 53
      +2
      Quote: Iraclius
      It's funny to read about a gas tank!

      request So, if you want to live it is not so raspyasshsya "solarium went to the fleet, and they made high-quality engines. By the way, ours up to 34k on gasoline went, and in 41m, with a shortage due to the evacuation of diesel engines, it was the case for 34ki gasoline engines.
  4. Alew
    Alew April 11 2013 09: 11
    +12
    Interesting article, now we know how to use Pz-III
    1. Vodrak
      Vodrak April 11 2013 16: 16
      +6
      We'd rather have instructions on how to use the Abrams and other American equipment.
      I think oh how useful this is.
  5. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil April 11 2013 09: 14
    +8
    The article is excellent, but I would like to know more about the use of captured armored vehicles by our troops. Author, we look forward to continuing!
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 April 11 2013 16: 14
      -7
      The article is excellent, but I would like to know more about the use of captured armored vehicles by our troops
      --
      That's not at all interesting. I can tell you in a nutshell - they shot before the end of the b / c, then they gave their gunners a shot (for medals).
    2. lazy
      lazy April 11 2013 18: 23
      +1
      there is such a book but I don’t remember the author or name I downloaded on the filibust in the technique section
      1. seafarer
        seafarer April 12 2013 01: 46
        0
        The name seems to be "Trophy tanks of the Red Army".
        I read it a couple of months ago. I was pleasantly surprised that in our army there were whole battalions of captured "Tigers", "Panthers", troikas, fours and other fascist equipment.
    3. RoadRunner
      RoadRunner April 17 2013 17: 36
      0
      On the application of captured equipment of all stripes, a bunch of books are on the net.
      As for T-3, they were either used like that, or due to lack of ammunition for guns of this type, they were converted into self-propelled guns - something like
  6. Snoop
    Snoop April 11 2013 10: 05
    +6
    Very interesting + I really became interested in the objective approach of the authors of the memo to the German tank. On the other hand, one thing is the information bureau, another is a reminder for soldiers in military conditions.
  7. Vanek
    Vanek April 11 2013 10: 12
    +10
    Oh peasants, peasants. Few of you remain every year .....

    I bow to you veterans.
  8. Gazprom
    Gazprom April 11 2013 10: 35
    +3
    Good "manual"
    probably there were pictures, otherwise find these taps and levers
  9. pinecone
    pinecone April 11 2013 10: 52
    +6
    There would be more such genuine documents. Read, draw conclusions. Then there will be less speculation.
  10. igordok
    igordok April 11 2013 11: 26
    +6
    When looking at the photographs, I noticed that our tankers, as a rule, left German identification marks on the captured tanks ("bar" cross), sometimes even it was adjacent to the star. The Germans on the trophies (judging by the photographs) rubbed the stars and painted crosses, usually of large sizes. It is believed that our tankers more often used trophies for reconnaissance and sabotage in the rear of the Germans.
  11. Rider
    Rider April 11 2013 11: 54
    +7
    more often such articles need to be published.
    and then (as already correctly noted) "destalinizers" are happy to spoil the history of the initial period of the war.
    the monstrous figures of losses of the armored forces of the Red Army.
    and here it’s a pity, they thrashed the adversary so much that the captured tanks were gathered up for an integral tank battle, but not for one, apparently.
    They knew how to beat the enemy and in a difficult year of retreat.

    A bright memory and a low bow.

    Yes, by the way, if anyone is interested
    Stock - Grandfather, I remember you.
    memories of relatives who fought and died for the freedom of the Fatherland.

    http://oko-planet.su/politik/politiklist/177733-ded-ya-tebya-pomnyu.html
  12. igordok
    igordok April 11 2013 11: 58
    +4
    If interested, "Memo on the use of German combat and auxiliary vehicles." Pdf document with scanned pages.
    http://mirknig.com/knigi/military_history/1181517673-pamyatka-po-ispolzovaniyu-n


    emeckih-boevyh-i-vspomogatelnyh-mashin.html

  13. duha
    duha April 11 2013 13: 06
    +2
    It would be nice if the memo was created before the war.
    Anything about abrams or new Chinese tanks?
  14. Kars
    Kars April 11 2013 13: 32
    +7
    ___________________________________
  15. Vovka levka
    Vovka levka April 11 2013 14: 21
    +3
    Good article, no cheers for patriotism. Everything is clear on the case.
  16. Argon
    Argon April 11 2013 14: 57
    +1
    Unambiguously edited these days. In general, the use of trophy samples has a rational grain, although it all depends on the number of captured vehicles. As for the T-3, it was generally "officially" adopted by the Red Army, if I am not mistaken with the 43g as the chassis of the 76mm gun. According to my grandfather's stories, their regiment received troikas since November 42g in small numbers, but it is stable mainly in the reconnaissance battalion. Surprisingly, there were no problems with ammunition or with spare parts and accessories. On the whole, the car was assessed positively, even better than the T-4 and much better than ALL allied tanks. maintainability, in general, the grandfather noted for the troika very conveniently, thoughtfully carrying out maintenance and repairs to everything, there is an approach and not any special keys. By the summer of 44g, the T-3s had been knocked out, they began to be replaced by T-34s and Scouts, races across Europe began, more runs were needed than the domestic equipment was no different. And the radio on the T-34 did not hold out, the scouts tried to replace it with Amerovskaya or trophy.
    1. Bigriver
      Bigriver April 11 2013 15: 08
      +2
      Quote: Argon

      As for the T-3, it was generally "officially" adopted by the Red Army, if I am not mistaken with 43g as the chassis of a 76mm gun ...

      About the Su-76I, probably, it is.
      After Stalingrad, about 200 "three" were converted into self-propelled vehicles with a wheelhouse. The gun is some kind of modification of the F-34 (as on the T-34).
      Until now, one such car alone stands as a monument on a pedestal in Russia.
      The city has forgotten: (((
    2. Rider
      Rider April 11 2013 17: 39
      +1
      Quote: Argon
      Driving performance and maintainability were highly appreciated, in general, the grandfather noted for the trio it was very convenient, thoughtful to carry out maintenance and repairs, there are not any special keys to the approach


      the fact that the tank was developed and adopted even before the start of 2 MB affected.
      in times of peace, particular emphasis is placed on maintainability and extending the life of the BBT.
      1. Kars
        Kars April 11 2013 19: 13
        0
        Quote: Rider
        in peacetime attached

        moreover, peacetime. This is a feature of the German design school.
        The same cannot be said about Soviet and British pre-war tanks.
        1. Rider
          Rider April 11 2013 19: 17
          +1
          moreover, peacetime. This is a feature of the German design school.

          you cannon on tanks special.
          but still.
          for the Tigers and Panthers, you can’t say that they were very repairable.
  17. gora1960
    gora1960 April 11 2013 16: 08
    0
    And in Soviet times, I heard the memories of a veteran who crawled into a working Tiger. Only words of delight. From the driver’s leather seat to the electric drive. The fact that they fought on him, his tongue bit. They knew. that it was impossible to talk about it, and listen too.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 April 11 2013 16: 17
      +2
      Transfer with a Lada to a foreign car, you will say the same words. :)
  18. vkusniikorj
    vkusniikorj April 11 2013 18: 00
    +1
    Power is in the truth! and do not care what the enemy is armed with! Whether with a club, sword, "tiger", "abrams".
  19. pinachet
    pinachet April 11 2013 22: 16
    +1
    the Germans also used our equipment.
  20. pauradriskrib
    pauradriskrib April 12 2013 02: 00
    0
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  21. kirpich
    kirpich April 12 2013 19: 01
    0
    Quote: gora1960
    And in Soviet times, I heard the memories of a veteran who crawled into a working Tiger. Only words of delight. From the driver’s leather seat to the electric drive. The fact that they fought on him, his tongue bit. They knew. that it was impossible to talk about it, and listen too.


    Ah, now think about it yourself. (Leather seat) - Fuck it in the tank, which is intended for BATTLE! In "Horch", "Mercedes", I agree. (Electric turret rotation drive) -I won't argue here, try to turn the HEAVY tank turret with a hand flywheel laughing BUT! With an electric drive, the "TIGERS" tower turned more slowly than the manual T-34-76 tower. About the fact that it was impossible to talk about it - read the article wink
  22. xomaNN
    xomaNN April 12 2013 19: 43
    0
    It looked interesting tank battle trophy him. tanks with the same brothers from the Wehrmacht :))