Military Review

Briefly about the state of the fleet of military vehicles

Over the past decades, the main factors that ensure the mobility of troops are railways and road transport. In this case, due to some objective reasons, much more attention is paid to the second. In any military unit, regardless of its affiliation to a particular branch of the military, there are a number of vehicles of various classes. The so-called military vehicles (BAT), including multi-purpose vehicles (AMS), are capable of performing a variety of transport-related tasks and therefore are the most massive class of vehicles in the armed forces.

According to Lieutenant-General A. Shevchenko, Chief of the Main Automobile and Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defense (GABTU), the share of AMS in the total number of military motor vehicles of the armed forces is 91,5%. The second largest number of military tracked vehicles with 7,4%. Special wheeled tractors and similar equipment closes the list with 1,1 percent. It is not difficult to calculate the approximate number of cars of one class or another, given the total number of military motor vehicles - about 410,2 thousand units.

It is worth noting that the fleet of vehicles is experiencing not the best of times. The amount of old equipment is still very large and it needs replacing. Some progress in this direction is already there, but so far they cannot be considered sufficient. To understand the current trends, consider the information published in the February issue of the magazine "Truck Press". It contains interesting data on the status of the BAT park in 2005 and 2012.

In the 2005, the military had the 41 military vehicle base model and 60 modifications totaling 410,8 thousand units. 71% of this technology was equipped with gasoline engines. Thus, trucks and tractors with diesel engines were a minority. This ratio of engine types can be a subject of much controversy. Another fact regarding the state of BAT in 2005 year looks uniquely and unpleasantly. Approximately 80% technology was older than 12 years, i.e. It was produced no later than the first half of the nineties of the last century. The remaining 20 percent was as follows. Most (13%) accounted for the technology from the age of 6 to 12 years, and the remaining seven percent - on new cars, not older than six years.







You can also consider the share of technology of a particular range. In 2005, the undoubted leaders in this aspect were the cars of the Likhachev Plant. The share of trucks ZIL-157, ZIL-131, etc. accounted for a third of the total number of BAT in the army. The second and third places were occupied by the Urals (13%) and GAZs (12%) with a small gap. Then came the KamAZ trucks with 10 percent, and the fifth place was divided between the Ulyanovsk (UAZ) and Kremenchug (KrAZ) cars with a share of six percent. Finally, about four percent of the BAT was the MT-LB tracked tractor. The remaining 16% were a diverse fleet of vehicles produced at various factories: Minsk wheel tractor, Bryansk, etc.

It is worth noting that these figures apply only to the total number of cars. In the available open sources, there is no mention anywhere of the number of BAT stored or in use. Such information could make the current picture much more detailed, but the Ministry of Defense is in no hurry to disclose it. You can also pay attention to the years of manufacture of equipment and its share. It is not hard to guess that the number of those 80-percent of cars that were older than 2005 in 12 years, includes a lot of equipment made before the collapse of the Soviet Union. In addition, a certain number of cars assembled in the first years of independence belong to this group. The smallest number of cars available in 2005 was produced from 1999 to 2005 years, i.e. in the period after the default of 1998. There is no exact data of this kind, but there is reason to believe that in the first few years of this period, production rates were much lower than later.

Since then, about which the presented statistics speaks, almost eight years have passed. During this period, funding for the military has steadily increased. For the money received from the budget, the military department repaired the old equipment and acquired a new one, including the military automobile one. Due to this, the situation with the BAT park began to change little by little, but, nevertheless, at present it still does not meet the needs. The required percent 75-80 is still far away.

According to the same magazine “Truck Press”, the share of old equipment, whose age has passed for 12 years, has decreased to 2012 in the year to 57%. Cars, tractors, etc., fell into the category from 6 to 12 years, it became a little more - 14 percent. As for the new technology not older than six years, its number has increased more than four times. As of the end of the last 2012 of the year, 29% of military motor vehicles fall into this category. This is two times less than that required by the current state rearmament program, but it is still far from 2020, and there is time for updating. The total number of BAT, according to some data, almost did not decline, and the difference is only a few hundred cars, which, given the current scale of figures, you can simply ignore.

Unfortunately, there are no specific figures on the composition of the equipment, similar to the data on the state of the BAT park in 2005,. However, several details are known. Thus, the overall ratio of technology with diesel and petrol engines almost did not change. Cars with petrol engines are still in the majority and their number is twice the number of diesel "brothers." In addition, the share of ZIL trucks in seven years decreased from 33 to 6 percent. The reasons for this - the cancellation of obsolete cars, as well as the lack of mass purchases of new ones. Reducing the number of cars Plant them. Likhachev, while preserving the total number of the fleet, says directly that others have replaced the retired trucks. Judging by the available data, the percentages lost by the ZIL 23 machines were filled with KamAZ and Ural vehicles.

It should be noted that these figures refer only to the current state of the BAT in the Russian armed forces. During the failed nineties and controversial two-thousand years, the domestic automobile industry was in a difficult position and therefore could not fully engage in the development of automotive technology for the army. At present, the armed forces need several vehicles for various purposes at once, while being created on a single base. Now several automotive plants are working on this topic and prototypes of new cars have been repeatedly demonstrated. By 2015, the army should receive the first production samples of new cars. How will the quantitative and qualitative composition of the BAT park change after that? We learn in seven years, in 2020 year.

Briefly about the state of the fleet of military vehicles
KAMAZ-63968 Typhoon-K

Ural-63099 Typhoon-U

Based on:
Privalov A. The winner will be one // Truck Press. 2013 No.2 (112). C.52.
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  1. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets April 9 2013 08: 49 New
    Zil-157 is generally a legend, as it was not called, and the cleaver, and Mormon. smile
    1. kostella85
      kostella85 April 9 2013 09: 40 New
      Quote: Vladimirets
      Zil-157 is generally a legend, as it was not called, and the cleaver, and Mormon

      smile And how many fingers and brushes broke inexperienced carriers !!! laughing
      1. Zmey_2Garin
        Zmey_2Garin April 9 2013 12: 59 New
        And if you put in front a standard boom crane (MTO machine) and try to remove one of the units from the tank’s transmission, the carrier sticks out of the window and yells that there is urine: "Hey, uh-u-u-uh !!! Help the steering wheel twist!" And he added after a few words on the "great and mighty" that you will not find in any dictionary ...
      2. Ulysses
        Ulysses April 9 2013 19: 26 New
        The most common is ZAKHAR. wink

        And they know about safety measures when using the "crooked starter" in general, who have only served in the army using domestic equipment.
        1. Proud.
          Proud. April 10 2013 00: 31 New
          We called-Z.U.R.S. (anti-aircraft guided missile shell) .A joke such
        2. Proud.
          Proud. April 10 2013 00: 33 New
          We called-Z.US.R.S. (anti-aircraft guided missile shell) A joke like this laughing
    2. 76rtbr
      76rtbr April 9 2013 09: 48 New
      Studebaker, stupa, anecdote about him that dropping into a rut you can throw a steering wheel woman to sip.
    3. vadimus
      vadimus April 9 2013 10: 05 New
      Trucks we can produce. It's time to think about the safety of personnel ...
    4. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak April 9 2013 11: 02 New
      Vladimir "Zil-157 is generally a legend, as it was not called, and the cleaver and Mormon."
      In the North, they call him Truman, still.
    5. Su24
      Su24 April 9 2013 12: 50 New
      From the article it follows that in the period 2007-2012 received about 130,000 cars. And why is there no fanfare about this? We rejoice at the single deliveries of military equipment, but here it turns out that there is a really massive renewal of the fleet.
    6. laurbalaur
      laurbalaur April 9 2013 13: 15 New
      We had 157 on duty duty at the airport in 89. They called it Douglas. Very fond memories.
    7. alatanas
      alatanas 14 March 2017 15: 59 New
      From zero to one hundred in 4 seconds, only in degrees Celsius! lol
  2. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim April 9 2013 08: 49 New
    Cool photo selection! good
  3. Russian
    Russian April 9 2013 08: 56 New
    Article plus. As far as I understand, now this area is paid the closest attention to how many conversations and disputes there were about the purchase of Iveco, they are also Lynxes, Tigers, now there are Wolf, Bear cars, trucks, which are shown in the photographs. In general, the trend is on the face, that's right! I hope the plan will be implemented.
  4. Lieutenant colonel
    Lieutenant colonel April 9 2013 08: 57 New
    More precisely - Murmont. Why really I don’t know. I would like to know what Typhoons and their SDS (units) will supply to which units. How will they be applied and under what conditions? I see a certain number of Typhoons in the RMO MSBr / TBr.
  5. Clueless
    Clueless April 9 2013 09: 05 New
    Quote: Vladimirets
    Zil-157 is generally a legend, as it was not called, and the cleaver, and Mormon. smile

    but more often trite crocodile name :)
    1. kostella85
      kostella85 April 9 2013 09: 44 New
      Quote: Bad
      but more often trite crocodile name :)

      And I often heard Truman, and a crocodile too.
    2. kaprall
      kaprall April 9 2013 17: 51 New
      Dinosaur is more suitable
      1. RomanRVV
        RomanRVV April 4 2017 13: 15 New
        With the side panels of the engine compartment removed, they called the "ghost without a motor."
  6. Denis
    Denis April 9 2013 09: 27 New
    It is worth noting that these figures concern only the total number of cars. Available open sources never mention the amount of BAT stored or in use
    I had to see the GAZ-42 in storage, even with a supply of firewood in the back of the truck. The Angars hardly guarded with them, no one would get them to spare parts, nowhere
    like these ones
    1. 120352
      120352 April 9 2013 10: 31 New
      Super car! And most importantly, gasoline is getting more expensive, and there is enough firewood in the country.
      1. Kir
        Kir April 9 2013 16: 58 New
        In vain you rejoice, soon the firewood will be more expensive than gasoline, and besides, the birch is the best fuel. And the fact that the unit is really interesting and efficient is no doubt.
      2. Denis
        Denis April 9 2013 20: 21 New
        Quote: 120352
        Super car! And most importantly, gasoline rises in price, and there is enough firewood in the country
        They say that taiga roads still have refueling from sawn chocks for them.
  7. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich April 9 2013 09: 29 New
    The situation is interesting, and not so straightforward. Most old cars are bases for various equipment. And apparently, while this equipment is in service, the chassis under it will not be replaced!
    New models will be added as transport vehicles. Plus, the unification of the BAT is important in the army.
    Without it, the supply is complicated, and accordingly repair and maintenance.
  8. Drejk
    Drejk April 9 2013 10: 27 New
    Why bother with the worse the same 131st or the Urals if it is on the move and is serviced on time ???? Quietly 30 years without kapitalki can run through. Why panic ??? over amers still still drive their trucks from the time of Vietnam and rejoice, and for transportation in hot spots of personnel we need a normal armored personnel carrier, which can not only carry soldiers but also cover them with fire, and all these typhoons are big, bulky, slow and dear target. With a code or corny DShK, you can make drushlag from it, not to mention the simplest RPG. And in the safe zone, such bells and whistles as in that joke about a camel in the circus are simply not needed — extra fuel consumption.
    1. kostella85
      kostella85 April 9 2013 12: 05 New
      Quote: Drejk
      over amers still still drive their trucks from the time of Vietnam and rejoice, and for transportation in hot spots of personnel we need a normal armored personnel carrier, which can not only carry soldiers but also cover them with fire

      I agree with this, but with "the 131st or the Urals if it is on the move and on time it is serviced ???? It’s calmly 30 years that it can run without capital."
      - it certainly turned down, especially about 131 !!! Although on the other hand, depending on how much you drive, or how to “service”, if every 3 years the engine is changed and the gearbox once every 5 years, then the frame will go 100 years too !! smile
    2. Hon
      Hon April 9 2013 12: 23 New
      Combined armor made of ceramics and steel is installed on typhoons, which protects against armor-piercing bullets of caliber 14,5 × 114 mm. Including bulletproof glass with a thickness of 128,5-129,0 mm with a transparency of 70%, developed by Magistral LTD and tested at the Steel Research Institute, withstanding 2 shots with a distance of 280-300 mm between them when fired from KPVT at a speed bullets 911 m / s at the moment of contact with the glass. Bullet resistance exceeds the highest requirements according to the existing GOST (GOST R 51136 and GOST R 50963), in which the highest level is the firing of armor-piercing cartridges B-32, 7,62 × 54 mm from SVD. In production, Magistral-LTD was guided by Western standards of level IV STANAG 4569 - guaranteed protection when fired with B-32 armor-piercing ammunition, 14,5 × 114 mm from a distance of 200 m with a bullet speed of 891–931 m / s. Reservation withstands 30 mm ammunition. There are bulletproof tires 16.00R20 with explosion-proof inserts deflecting the blast wave, with automatic pumping of air and adjustable pressure up to 4,5 atmospheres. The armored module is provided with embrasures for firing small arms, and a remote-controlled machine gun can also be mounted on it. Unification with other cars of the family is 86%. MRIs have shown their effectiveness in a real combat situation, that's why our military paid attention to them.
      1. Kir
        Kir April 9 2013 17: 06 New
        It's just interesting that the same Germans ordered bulletproof windows from us, why would it be? By the way, glass was made at the same Moscow Institute, though for amers, I know from my school friend who had a chance to work there.
        1. Hon
          Hon April 10 2013 08: 19 New
          This is not only the case with bulletproof glass; many foreign automakers are posing for Russian-made glass. The quality of our glasses is at the level of world manufacturers.
  9. Ilyukha
    Ilyukha April 9 2013 10: 29 New
    The article is rather crude, since the existing decision on the acquisition of a cargo fleet of the Russian army is not reflected. There is a government decree of 2005 (I don’t remember exactly, I have to rummage around) to equip the fleet of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for the period until 2020 with cars ONLY manufactured by Ural and Kamaz.
    The decision is right. In general, the Soviet army of the last period did not differ in unification, well, why have a lot of three-axle all-wheel drive trucks very similar in terms of performance (ZIL-131, Ural, Kamaz, Maz), while having completely different spare parts? In peacetime, this is the increased cost of upkeep, in war, it’s just a disaster, where are the spare parts urgently needed for all this motley economy?
    But the height of the Soviet government’s stupidity was the simultaneous (in 70-80) release of three types of tanks with the same weight and armor protection, one 125-mm cannon, but completely different running gear, engine, and other units (these are T-64, T-72, T -80, the latter with two types of engines-GTE and DD))
    The adversaries could not understand such waste, no logic could explain it.
    So they could not stand the arms race, they drove themselves))
    Unification is right!
    1. itkul
      itkul April 9 2013 17: 23 New
      Quote: Ilyukha
      The adversaries could not understand such waste, no logic could explain it.

      Why not explain. In the Soviet Union there was a general employment of the population, and so they created jobs as they could
  10. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 April 9 2013 12: 07 New
    Himself served an urgent driver. Native car ZIL-131. But it is a pity that the respected Author did not mention yet another brainchild of the Soviet automobile industry, which served (and still continues to serve) in our army faithfully. I mean KrAZ ...
    Yes, this plant is now in Ukraine, and the Krazyuk is already kind of like a foreign car for us (those in Russia). But still, he (as indeed all of us) come from from there, from a single Union ...

    Royal KrAZ
    1. kostella85
      kostella85 April 9 2013 12: 24 New
      Kraz - she’s certainly a military machine, only now you won’t get to work with her even after KamAZ 43114 !!!! (From personal experience)
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 April 9 2013 13: 09 New
        I agree that KrAZ in terms of comfort (which, I do not argue, is very important in the work of the driver!) Is far behind the same KamAZ. Just as the GAZ-66 and the same ZIL-131 are behind it. I'm not talking about the ZIL-157 mentioned in the material ... But in terms of their off-road qualities, they work better than KamAZ. Yes, and it will be easier to repair and maintain (which is also however important!) ... Also kag-bee from personal experience ...
        And by tradition I’ll add wallpaper with art on a given topic ... smile

        The same "Truman". He’s the “Cleaver”. He is the "Mormon" ... In a word - ZIL-157. The car is well-deserved and of course no less "military" ... smile
        1. smprofi
          smprofi April 9 2013 17: 27 New
          Quote: Chicot 1
          ZIL-157. Well deserved car

          in addition to cross-country ability, the 157 had another remarkable feature: the cooling system was thought out in such a way that it was simply impossible to defrost the engine. due to various emergency traffic jams that were squeezed out.
          for some reason such a decision was later forgotten
        2. skullcap
          skullcap April 9 2013 21: 08 New
          Quote: Chicot 1
          In a word - ZIL-157. The car deserved and of course not less "military" ...

          If everyone liked the ZIL-157K so much, then I’ll reveal a terrible military secret: both in the article and in your comment, the photo of trucks with grills on the roof of the cab show that both trucks were used as pipe carriers in pipeline parts. Separation was placed on these grids (wooden gaskets between the rows of pipes) before loading the pipe-carrier and when unloading the pipes.
          In the photo from the article on the door of the ZIL, the “SA” sticker is visible - the Soviet Army, which indicates that this car served in the GSVG (Group of Soviet Forces in Germany - if someone did not catch this period)
          And in GSVG there was a whole pipeline team. There, as a part of the avtobat, by the way, a company of heavy trubovozov on the basis of KrAZ-214, even those dinosaurs with two-stroke engines YAAZ-206. So old and with such steering wheel play that you had to turn the steering wheel twice in the right direction by 360 degrees before the wheels began to turn.
          1. smprofi
            smprofi April 9 2013 22: 22 New
            Quote: kosopuz
            photos of trucks with grilles on the roof of the cab indicate that both trucks were used as pipe trucks in the pipeline parts

            I saw 157 with such lattices in RTV. It was somewhat problematic to carry pipes on them (157th) due to the presence of a KUNG with equipment, but it was just right to stand on the grill during deployment.
  11. wasjasibirjac
    wasjasibirjac April 9 2013 12: 45 New
    and why so many trucks and other vehicles? the size of the army fluctuates at the level of 1,5 million. in the service of 410 thousand cars - 4 people per machine will succeed.
    1. Joker
      Joker April 9 2013 13: 11 New
      Cars just for different purposes. Not all are intended for the transport of the composition.
  12. Denis_volgograd
    Denis_volgograd April 9 2013 13: 29 New
    Ural Rulezzzz !!! =))
  13. skullcap
    skullcap April 9 2013 13: 43 New
    The article is good only because it reminds of the existence of motor vehicles in the army, but there is almost no specifics.
    The Soviet car park’s vintage composition was a military secret. We do not know this even now, although there are good reasons to suspect that this information for the Pentagon since the time of the disaster is not a secret.
    There is nothing about the technical condition of the machines.
    In Soviet times, a lot of work was done to identify the technical condition of cars of all brands and all periods of storage. As a result of processing the accumulated information on failures, an order was created by the USSR Ministry of Defense on the introduction of regulated maintenance (RTO) and regulated repair (PP), which were to be carried out at repair plants through 6-8 and 12-14 storage years, respectively, replacing rubber and other subject to aging, details.
    I doubt very much that the RTO and PP systems survived to our time. Therefore, I doubt the serviceability of a significant part of automotive equipment that is in long-term storage.
    It is necessary that someone prompted Shoigu, the next exercises to try to spend with some military unit, where the main mass of equipment is on the NZ.
  14. Alexey M
    Alexey M April 9 2013 14: 02 New
    Why armored KAMAZ? An armored personnel carrier is not better to modify. Strengthen armor change weapons? The armored personnel carrier still has better cross-country ability. Yes, and in parts it already exists, you can develop a modular body kit and hang it on the equipment with the help of personnel. No need to drive the plant.
  15. dany
    dany April 9 2013 15: 49 New
    KAMAZ-63968 Typhoon-K - just handsome! good
    1. Nitup
      Nitup April 9 2013 21: 39 New
      Yes, the view is so futuristic!
  16. Fitter65
    Fitter65 April 9 2013 16: 15 New
    Each sandpiper praises its swamp - in 1986 he was subordinated to the station on the ZiL-131 chassis, after that he is still a fan of the 131st. Although Shishigi was also subordinate, but Zil-131 is forever.
  17. smprofi
    smprofi April 9 2013 16: 52 New
    Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin on Tuesday conducted a test drive of the new Typhoon armored car and recommended this car to the Russian military. “Seriously, this is a very good car, even if the person who first got behind the wheel of his car was able to drive and make maneuvers, albeit not very difficult. This suggests that the military will be able to easily learn on this kind of machine: it is absolutely safe to handle, ”he said following a test drive of the car.

    this is the prima ...
    and now we look at the "achievements" of "design thought" and "production"

    which "wise guy" had the wit in KUNG to put such a sexy locker and a table from chipboard? also put under the table sort of like a pyramid for weapons ...
    Well, and on which bump all this "beauty" will fly?
    1. Hon
      Hon April 10 2013 08: 26 New
      And why do armored kung?
  18. NickitaDembelnulsa
    NickitaDembelnulsa April 9 2013 17: 09 New
    Shishida is a car for a long decade.!
  19. NickitaDembelnulsa
    NickitaDembelnulsa April 9 2013 17: 09 New
    Shishida is a car for a long decade.!
  20. kpbrk
    kpbrk April 9 2013 17: 21 New
    As far as I know, not shishida, but shishiga ...
  21. kpbrk
    kpbrk April 9 2013 17: 24 New
    And ZIL-157, stands near the clinic number 34 in Moscow, is equipped with a sanitary kung ...
  22. Langeo
    Langeo April 9 2013 22: 58 New
    And why isn’t there Vodnik?
  23. 77bor1973
    77bor1973 April 10 2013 08: 13 New
    I don’t know where the author of ZIL-157 found, I think they were removed from storage in the early 90s and sent to the national economy.
    1. malkor
      malkor April 15 2013 23: 03 New
      in 2008 ZIL157 drove to us from the reconnaissance battalion at a rembat for sorting - I came under my own power and was in excellent condition !!!!! - much better than the equipment for re-equipment from storage bases came
  24. 77bor1973
    77bor1973 April 10 2013 08: 25 New
    And the ZIL car reduction is indicated by the fact that the Likhachev plant has already “rested in the Bose” for several years now and is no longer releasing anything.
  25. lilit.193
    lilit.193 April 18 2013 21: 30 New
    "Shishiga" taxis !!! bully