Military Review

Anti-aircraft "Archer"

37
At the recently held Malaysia exhibition LIMA-2013, Kolomna Engineering Design Bureau (KBM) presented several of its developments. Among other projects, the short-range anti-aircraft missile system "Archer-E" was shown. He continues the line of such systems, and also combines a number of proven and new solutions. In fact, the “Luchnik-E” air defense missile system is a further development of Strela-10M combat vehicles and the Strelets anti-aircraft system developed earlier.



Anti-aircraft "Archer"


The basis of the Archer-E combat vehicle, as in the case of the earlier Arrow-10M, is the common MT-LB tracked armored chassis. Probably, if necessary, the equipment of the complex can be mounted on another base. Thus, in case of using the MT-LB chassis, the Archernik-E complex has running characteristics at the level of the previous air defense systems of its class: the maximum speed on the highway is about 60 km / h, to 5-6 km / h afloat and cruising range to 500 kilometers Such characteristics will allow the combat vehicle to be constantly close to the protected units.

In the middle part of the machine is the workplace of the operator and the main equipment of the anti-aircraft complex. The latter is a modified equipment of the Sagittarius system, developed several years earlier. The combat module of the Archer-E complex significantly resembles a similar unit of previous short-range air defense systems. This is a small single pivot tower with launchers installed on it. In front of the tower there is a relatively large viewing window through which the operator of the complex monitors the situation and searches for targets.

On the lifting platform of the combat module "Archer", there are two blocks of launchers. Each of them can carry up to six transport and launch containers (TPK) with missiles. Eight more missiles in containers can be transported inside the vehicle's hull. Between the launchers there is some sighting equipment. Its exact composition was not disclosed, but from the available photographic materials it follows that a new system operating in the infrared range is used on the new anti-aircraft missile system. There is also information about the possibility of automatic detection of targets using existing equipment. Thus, the complex can effectively find and attack targets in various conditions, including at night or in bad weather.



When searching for an anti-aircraft missile for "Luchnik-E", an approach was actively used in foreign countries. There, when creating a short-range air defense system, the missiles of the portable FIM-92 Stinger complex (M6 Linebacker, AN / TWQ-1 Avenger, etc.) were repeatedly used. It is proposed to use transport and launch containers with Igla MANPADS and its modifications on the Luchnik-E SAM system, as well as in the Strelets system. Thanks to this approach, it was possible with relatively small forces to create a new anti-aircraft complex with rather high characteristics. In addition, the use of existing missiles made it possible to facilitate the supply of ammunition, since in this case TPC with Igla missiles can be used both in a portable version and on Luchnik-E combat vehicles.

When using the 9K338 “Igla-S” missile, the Luchnik-E SAM system is able to protect troops on the march or in positions from enemy aircraft and helicopters at ranges up to 6000 meters. The maximum flight altitude of the target is 3,5 kilometers. The 9K338 rocket is capable of catching up with an airplane or a cruise missile flying at speeds up to 320 m / s. When intercepted on a collision course, the maximum speed of the target, at which it can be hit, increases to 400 m / s. The response time of the Archer-E complex is said to range from 5 to 11,5 seconds, depending on the situation.

The new anti-aircraft missile system has several advantages over several other air defense missiles of its class. First, it is the presence of passive means of detecting the target. Thanks to them, the combat vehicle does not give out its location, but at the same time it is capable of performing a combat mission. Secondly, the Luchnik-E combat vehicle can simultaneously launch several missiles at once. Since at least eight missiles can be deployed on launchers, the combat potential of the complex is significantly higher than that of previous air defense systems of this class. Finally, the use of Igla mastered in the production of rockets of the “Igla” family appropriately affects the cost of the air defense system and its operation.



The combination of combat and economic indicators makes the “Luchnik-E” system interesting not only for the Russian armed forces. With the expectation of export contracts, KBM advertises a novelty in foreign arms and military equipment salons. In particular, the Asia-Pacific is considered one of the most promising markets. The countries of this region are now actively developing their armed forces, but at the same time they cannot independently provide themselves with the necessary equipment. Thus, the “Luchnik-E” air defense missile system may be of interest to them and be the subject of transactions.


On the materials of the sites:
http://arms-expo.ru/
http://vpk-news.ru/
http://kbm.ru/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/
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  1. Gecko
    Gecko April 9 2013 08: 33 New
    +7
    Such a module on the Tiger is necessary.
    1. nakaz
      nakaz April 9 2013 12: 55 New
      +2
      I wonder what range of cruise missiles it can intercept? Can Tomahawks and Apache type helicopters be used? One Syrian is interested here))
      1. Civil
        Civil April 9 2013 13: 36 New
        +1
        not unified with Flexible?
      2. StolzSS
        StolzSS April 9 2013 20: 13 New
        +1
        The characteristics of the rocket allow for accurate, the question of targeting timely for the rocket. Considering the fact that subsonic cruise missiles go quite low and are forced to attach to local landmarks, it is possible to predict with some probability the direction of their flight and set up complexes along the proposed flight paths taking into account the corresponding masking and it is advisable to combine them with small-caliber anti-aircraft art ...
      3. StolzSS
        StolzSS April 9 2013 20: 15 New
        0
        The Apaches prefer to let their missiles from afar so that against them this complex only from an ambush will probably be effective ...
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 April 10 2013 06: 32 New
          0
          As I understand it, it has a visual target detection system, which means with good camouflage and without turning on the radar, it will be able to detect a helicopter at a distance of about 10-12 km and not detecting itself, destroy it, and as I understand it, not just one, but 8, and this is already impressive. In addition, if it is tied into a single radar system, then also without including a radar, it will be able to destroy any targets at the maximum possible distance
          1. Airman
            Airman 18 May 2013 21: 57 New
            +1
            Quote: vladsolo56
            As I understand it, it has a visual target detection system, which means with good camouflage and without turning on the radar, it will be able to detect a helicopter at a distance of about 10-12 km and not detecting itself, destroy it, and as I understand it, not just one, but 8, and this is already impressive. In addition, if it is tied into a single radar system, then also without including a radar, it will be able to destroy any targets at the maximum possible distance

            He doesn’t have any radar, a passive direction finder. And why bother with a garden if the anti-aircraft gunner with the same MANPADS Igla can cope better than Archer. Firstly, he has a better view from the trench, armored infantry fighting vehicles, it’s easier to disguise him .If you make a car instead of the S-10, then at least with a more powerful rocket. And no, it is not all-weather and night, the NEEDLE does not shoot at night and in the SMU.
    2. opkozak
      opkozak April 10 2013 00: 47 New
      +4
      “In order to really increase the country's defense potential, we need the most modern, best technology in the world, and not“ mastered ”billions and trillions. It is unacceptable for the Army to become a market for obsolete weapons, technology and R&D, and paid for at the state expense. ”

      V.V. Putin
  2. Lieutenant colonel
    Lieutenant colonel April 9 2013 08: 45 New
    +9
    So the MCP air defense was designated))))) Previously, MTLB did not count for an armored object - but it turned out that it was a very good car! And do not put a complex on the Tiger, it has a wonderful base. With proper refinement of the chassis - nothing else is needed. Very impressed with the passivity of detection. The line of target designation on Strela was and here I think it is also there. Interesting - did MTLB keep buoyancy? Good luck.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 9 2013 10: 52 New
      0
      Quote: Lieutenant Colonel
      . Interesting - MTLB saved buoyancy? Good luck.
      the maximum speed on the highway is about 60 km / h, up to 5-6 km / h afloat and range up to 500 kilometers .-------------- This is from the article hi )
  3. Nayhas
    Nayhas April 9 2013 08: 49 New
    +3
    It is not clear what an advantage over an ordinary infantryman with the same Needle-C on his shoulder? It will be even easier for an infantryman to accompany the target with turning the hull than a car, and 12 people with MANPADS are more stable anti-aircraft defense than one machine with 12 MANPADS that immediately attracts the attention of air attack weapons ... And the number of simultaneously fired targets in 12 people there will be clearly more, and it’s not difficult to organize their single control, there is enough communication equipment and a commander accepting information about the air situation ...
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 9 2013 09: 03 New
      +2
      Probably one of the advantages is that you need two people, a driver and an operator to control 12 missiles, plus 8 missiles in containers. Well, maybe it’s also that changing a position can be faster than a person.
      1. 123dv
        123dv April 9 2013 10: 46 New
        11
        Guys, missiles are not 12, but 8, be careful. Plus 8 in the combat unit.
        Only 16 missiles.
        The advantages against fighters with an arrow on their shoulders are that
        - the machine is equipped with a target detection and tracking system
        - can operate multiple missiles on the same target simultaneously
        - can fire from a place and in motion, on the move and afloat
        - weather conditions do not reduce combat readiness, except for lowering the visibility
        - having regular means of communication, the machine is able to work in a group, accept external target designation and issue target designation
        - Add from yourself that you did not mention.
        1. alex popov
          alex popov April 9 2013 15: 47 New
          +3
          Supplement here that it is still MTLB. He himself is capable of transporting personnel, weapons, infantry fighting units, taking out the wounded, serving as an NP or CP, and so on. Simply put, any standard MTLB in the army after the modernization and installation of such a module becomes an air defense company (battery). Quite even successfully.
        2. Airman
          Airman 19 May 2013 00: 08 New
          +1
          Quote: 123dv
          Guys, missiles are not 12, but 8, be careful. Plus 8 in the combat unit.
          Only 16 missiles.
          The advantages against fighters with an arrow on their shoulders are that
          - the machine is equipped with a target detection and tracking system
          - can operate multiple missiles on the same target simultaneously
          - can fire from a place and in motion, on the move and afloat
          - weather conditions do not reduce combat readiness, except for lowering the visibility
          - having regular means of communication, the machine is able to work in a group, accept external target designation and issue target designation
          - Add from yourself that you did not mention.

          I repeat once again, there are no detection tools, except for a passive direction finder, and especially no escort. anti-aircraft gunners, 9 per platoon. And each platoon operates in the battle formation of the battalion. And the zrabatr, consisting of a platoon of Tunguska or Shilka and a platoon of S-3, cover the SME, i.e. are a bit behind. And why, instead of 10 target channels of MANPADS Igla Have 9 target channels, but with a large ammunition? Instead, the S-4 needs a more powerful complex. The BMP fighter also fires from a place and on the move, but the BMP-10 itself can fire on the VTs. The fighter will turn in the direction of the target for a second, and his view is circular, and the car is only a sector one, and the turret’s turn is much slower. A fighter can shoot from a trench, from the roof of a building, from anywhere.
      2. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt April 9 2013 11: 10 New
        0
        Opportunities are better for detection and tracking, the ability to work in conditions of interference and poor visibility, on the march. Automation speeds up the reaction time.
  4. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil April 9 2013 10: 21 New
    +3
    MTLB turned out to be a universal carrier of any combat modules. An indispensable vehicle.
  5. Ilyukha
    Ilyukha April 9 2013 11: 19 New
    -1
    Quote: Nayhas
    It is not clear what an advantage over an ordinary infantryman with the same Needle-C on his shoulder? It will be even easier for an infantryman to accompany the target with turning the hull than a car, and 12 people with MANPADS are more stable anti-aircraft defense than one machine with 12 MANPADS that immediately attracts the attention of air attack weapons ... And the number of simultaneously fired targets in 12 people there will be clearly more, and it’s not difficult to organize their single control, there is enough communication equipment and a commander accepting information about the air situation ...

    I completely agree with you. If you need mobility and disguise "under the bush" any jeep is suitable, not MTLB, which can be seen and heard from afar.
    A typical example of exhibition monster building. I would have stuck a bunch of “Eagles” on the tank. So that the pilots would be scared from afar))
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 9 2013 11: 30 New
      +2
      Do you hear whom?
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt April 9 2013 11: 39 New
        +1
        Quote: Ilyukha
        I would have stuck a bunch of "Eagles" on the tank
        Why do we need tanks? "..... So that the pilots from afar would be frightened)) ....?" Put stickback on the jeep here and mobility and disguise.
  6. Professor
    Professor April 9 2013 12: 19 New
    0
    A similar system already exists, and is able to work in fully automatic mode. Great for ambush.
    Anti-aircraft missile system Red Sky 2
    1. lazy
      lazy April 9 2013 16: 07 New
      0
      minus. because it’s not like, judging by the photo. and the number of missiles and mobility loses
      1. Professor
        Professor April 9 2013 16: 33 New
        -2
        And before you minus it, you would go to the link provided by me (click on the image on the "Red Sky 2 Anti-aircraft Missile System") and read about this installation, which also uses MANPADS including Russian ones and makes their efficiency much higher. hi
        http://topwar.ru/13254-zenitno-raketnyy-kompleks-red-sky-2.html
        1. papik09
          papik09 April 9 2013 18: 01 New
          +1
          "Anti-aircraft missile system Red Sky 2"- FUFLO !!!
          1. Professor
            Professor April 9 2013 18: 08 New
            -2
            "Anti-aircraft missile system Red Sky 2" - FUFLO !!!

            This is an adult. good I put a "+".
            1. neri73-r
              neri73-r April 9 2013 21: 36 New
              0
              And where is the plus ?????
  7. not good
    not good April 9 2013 13: 58 New
    0
    It is possible to strengthen the gun with a 30mm gun since the supply of space and carrying capacity allows.
    1. Airman
      Airman 19 May 2013 00: 15 New
      0
      Quote: Negoro
      It is possible to strengthen the gun with a 30mm gun since the supply of space and carrying capacity allows.

      But this is Tunguska, though her rocket is more powerful.
  8. Conepatus
    Conepatus April 9 2013 14: 20 New
    +1
    This complex has only one advantage, the price. It was most likely created on the principle of "anyone buy it." It would be better to put the combat module on the Tiger. IMHO
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 9 2013 14: 28 New
      0
      Archer-E --- export option?
  9. Alexey M
    Alexey M April 9 2013 14: 21 New
    +2
    They didn’t finish it a little. If on the march and storage you hide the rockets in the envelope of the machine module, put down, it is better to two. And make it all modular. That’s a direct fairy tale. In general, it is necessary to develop modular weapon systems. Which would be suitable for any chassis. And the chassis needs to be developed in a unified way, both wheeled and tracked.
    1. alex popov
      alex popov April 9 2013 15: 49 New
      0
      Most likely, we are talking about the module. since the troops are full of MTLB, such an upgrade will only benefit them.
  10. abc_alex
    abc_alex April 9 2013 16: 44 New
    0
    But I didn’t understand the choice of chassis. MTLB is developed in Kharkov and, as far as I know, is not produced in Russia. Of course there are a lot of them in warehouses, but to hang up the military system on an irreplaceable chassis is too much. Therefore, I believe that ours simply decided to continue to feed the Arabs with "MANPADS on wheels" systems and such a machine would not go into our troops.

    Another thing, if the same is mounted on a BMP-3 or BMD-4.
  11. Ascetic
    Ascetic April 9 2013 16: 48 New
    +2
    CHARACTERISTICS SAM "Archer-E"

    The number of launch modules / missiles on the carrier up to 4/8
    Ammunition missiles, pcs:
    - on the launcher (launcher) 8
    - at least 8 in the combat unit
    Method of firing a target (launching missiles) single, sequential, in one gulp
    Range, m 500 ... 6000
    Height, m ​​10 ... 3500
    The speed of the hit targets, flying, m / s
    - towards up to 400
    - catch up to 320
    Maximum overload of hit targets, units 6 ... 8
    Average missile flight speed, m / s 600
    Reaction time, s from 5,0 to 11,5
  12. urich
    urich April 9 2013 21: 43 New
    +1
    I ran through the links that are provided at the bottom of the article. Spread the excerpts.
    1) For the first time, the Archer anti-short-range anti-aircraft missile system based on the Sagittarius kit was first presented. Keywords "based on the Sagittarius kit. Http://kbm.ru/
    2) Then the head of the design bureau brought the prime minister to the self-propelled launcher "Archer" and said that this complex was designed for export and equipped with missiles also used in the Igla-S portable anti-aircraft missile system (MANPADS). Kashin noted that the Igla-S complexes differ from their foreign counterparts in a more advanced warhead and the presence of a contact fuse. According to the general designer, the production of Igla-S MANPADS is today the basis of the company's revenue.
    "We exported 6800 systems. This year we will supply another 3 thousands, and our army 1300. It is obtained from 12 billions of total (revenue) 8 billions in MANPADS," said the head of the KBM.
    He added that the Archer complex is equipped with Igla-S missiles instead of the Strela-10 complex, which is no longer available today.
    "Instead of four missiles, we set eight, provided the same range, plus the ability to fire simultaneously with two missiles, put in new instrumentation, a thermal imager, an automatic tracking system," Kashin said.
    http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/news/medvedev-posetil-kolomenskoe-kbm/
    3) The main advantages of this complex are high mobility and increased stealth due to the use of passive detection and destruction tools, the ability to work both from external target designation and autonomously, high noise immunity, the ability to launch missiles in multiple stages, large ammunition load - eight missiles at the launcher and not less than eight - in the combat unit.
    Archer-E is capable of hitting air targets at a range of 500 – 6000 meters and altitudes 10– 3500 meters. The flight speed of the rocket is 600 meters per second. Reaction time - from 5 to 11,5 seconds
    Read more: http://www.arms-expo.ru/049051124051049050051053.html
  13. 123dv
    123dv April 9 2013 22: 01 New
    0
    Quote: urich
    This year we’ll put another 3 thousand, and 1300 of our army

    Yes, finally super!
    Four and a half thousand rockets per year - not very bad, very much!
    So they can easily triple the release, if necessary.
  14. Alejandro
    Alejandro April 9 2013 22: 47 New
    +1
    TKB-841
    The first modified lightweight version of the complex “Shell-C1-O” was demonstrated in 2001. The modification is a single tower installation. The turret includes a weapon complex module, as well as a solid-state radar. Thanks to such a compact design, it became possible to install it on a non-specialized tracked and wheeled chassis. As one of the placement options for the ZRAK 30YU6 “Shell-C1-O”, a modified lightweight tracked chassis BMP-3 was used.
    Armament:
    As the main weapons used 8 SAM 57E6 or 57E6E, which provide for the destruction of targets at ranges from 1,5 to 8 km, and at altitudes from 5 to 10000 meters. At the same time, the machine can fire at one target. The reaction time is 5 to 7 seconds. Thanks to the use of tracked chassis there is the possibility of firing while driving. The overall effectiveness of the defeat of all types of targets is from 70 to 95%.
    Additionally, on the ZSU TKB-841 there are two rifled 30-mm automatic guns
    It’s a pity they didn’t bring to mind, and so, I like it more and should have been more powerful
  15. Conepatus
    Conepatus April 10 2013 01: 10 New
    0
    I don’t remember exactly, but about 10-12 years ago, Russia together with Belarus developed a similar module. We put it on a 4x4 wheelbase. They also used Igla MANPADS +2 machine guns. Radarov-0 Only a thermal imager and some other kind of optics.
  16. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 10 2013 06: 25 New
    0
    Of course, the use of an armored chassis provides some sort of protection for the crew from being hit by small-caliber ammunition, but with such a complex it turns into an attractive target for aviation due to its size, very sickly thermal radiation and radar contrast on Thomas Zamli. At the same time, the field of view of the gunner is narrowed to indecent, because apart from optics, the complex has nothing else. It is also hardly worth hoping for a high-quality and continuous target designation in azimuth and elevation from third-party sources in a battlefield, as one should not hope that a raid will occur in only one sector. T.O. the main advantage of the “Needle” when used “off the shoulder” is largely lost when used as part of such complexes. If they are used in a similar way, then with the obligatory presence in the complex of surveillance radars or similar means of detecting airborne vehicles (such as in the Shell or Tunguska). By the way, a similar architecture is used when the Needles are used for air defense of submarines or small ships.
  17. gregor6549
    gregor6549 April 10 2013 15: 42 New
    0
    My apologies for the weight of the blotches. It is not easy to express your thoughts (if any, of course) in Russian using an English keyboard.