Military Review

The country that created the best engines will have the best aircraft - the general designer of NPO Saturn Yuri Shmotin

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The country that created the best engines will have the best aircraft - the general designer of NPO Saturn Yuri ShmotinThe design bureau of Saturn is determined by the basic design bureau of the United Engine Corporation, and operates as an engine for a promising front-line aviation complex aviation / PAK FA /, and for the promising Russian civilian aircraft MS-21. Russia will have to maintain its competencies in the field of aviation, have the most modern aircraft - civilian, military, said the general designer of NPO Saturn Yuri Shmotin in an interview with ITAR-TASS correspondent Yevgeny Nikitin.


- Yuriy Nikolayevich, speaking about the future, what time period do you mean?

- The aircraft engine is the most complex and costly component in the design of the aircraft. And in engineering terms, perhaps, surpasses all other products. Therefore, working on it, it is necessary to understand how it will be in demand by the market not only next year, but also through 10, 15, and even 30 years. Everything in the world is changing rapidly and, in order to ensure a long life for an aircraft engine, it is necessary to build high potential for modernization in it. To increase its efficiency, to meet growing customer requirements, it is necessary to reduce the cost of the life cycle, increase reliability, and ensure competitiveness. The aircraft engine must ensure the victory of the military aircraft in the air, and civil aircraft - the high profit of the airline.

- What do you consider the most important event in the work of the recent KB?

- The Saturn Design Bureau is defined by the base design bureau of the United Engine Corporation, and it works both for the engine for the promising front-line aviation complex / PAK FA / and for the promising civilian MS-21 Russian aircraft. This fact has become a recognition of the high competence of the Saturn Design Bureau in the development of gas turbine engines. Over the last decade, more than ten new developments NPO Saturn received certificates for standard designs or passed state bench tests. Moreover, the work covers the full life cycle of a gas turbine engine: from the idea to its creation, the organization of support during operation.

- What, in your opinion, is the fundamental principle in the work of the KB?

- Maybe for someone it seems unusual to hear from the mouth of the general designer, but the fundamental principle in the work of the CB is to ensure profit for the enterprise. In the market conditions, this can be achieved only by using the latest design design methods, using modern materials in it, forming a scientific and technical reserve for the future. On the one hand, CB is a tool to ensure the future life of the enterprise. On the other - a tool to reduce costs and reduce the cost of manufacture of today's products. In both cases, the CB can and should also become a tool for making money. Today we are doing everything so that the designer, at the stage of the formation of a new engine, assembly or part, thinks about how much it will cost in production, how soundly the material is chosen and the equipment is used effectively. It is clear that the designer cannot work in isolation in this case. It is very important at the earliest stage of creating new types of equipment or improving parts that already belong to existing engines, to use all the necessary services of the enterprise. Joint work of designers, technologists, metallurgists, suppliers, representatives of the quality service should be aimed at making weighted decisions with the aim of implementing projects within the framework of specified budgets and deadlines. Such an approach justified itself.

- Do you mean the SaM146 engine for the Sukhoi Superjet-100 aircraft?

- Yes, according to this principle, serial production of the SaM146 engine was created on the "Saturn". In workshop No. 34, we managed to increase the efficiency of people’s work more than tenfold and to achieve the main thing - a sense of responsibility for the decisions made. Suffice it to say that in the past year the company succeeded in 40 percent. increase production. Such dynamics require serious changes in the work of the design bureau. In fact, in the same way, work was organized on the creation of a family of industrial gas turbine engines. The plans - the organization of a similar scheme of work organization and other programs.

- You said that the aircraft engine is one of the most complex, and, perhaps, the most complex engineering product. What is the difficulty?

- The aviation engine is a heat engine. In it, the higher the temperature of combustion of fuel, the higher the compression ratio in the compressor, the higher the efficiency. To increase these indicators, we need ultrastrong, ultralight, heat-resistant materials and alloys that can withstand high temperature and pressure. Suffice it to say that the temperature at the exit from the combustion chamber can exceed 2000 degrees. The turbine rotates at a speed of tens of thousands of revolutions per minute. Such temperatures and such speeds of rotation must withstand the turbine parts — disks and turbine blades. Tear off one of the blades when the engine is under the wing of an airplane in the air, and the flight may stop ... To prevent this from happening, we need modern materials, technologies that have not existed in nature and technology before, and which do not yet have a name. Now the design bureau is preparing to offer not only new modifications and improvements to the engine already mastered, but also fundamentally new solutions to the design of the gas turbine engine itself.

Forming a scientific and technical background, we primarily work on the creation of high-temperature materials. Saturn today is one of the few organizations that, apart from using existing materials on the market, is engaged in the creation of high-temperature materials that can operate at gas temperatures up to 2050 degrees Kelvin. There are several patented alloys "Saturn", which allows for their introduction to raise the temperature in front of the turbine by more than 100 degrees. This is actually a revolution in engine-building. Without new high-temperature alloys it is impossible to create a new generation of engines. And this, in turn, requires new technologies, new equipment. A new alloy is needed not by itself, but as a material for creating complex spatial details, such as a cooled turbine blade. A turbine blade is a very important detail that has a very complex three-dimensional surface, not only outside, but also from the inside in order to ensure operability. It is not by chance that the aviation engine, the “fiery engine”, is compared in the famous Aviator's anthem with the human heart.

- The aviation authorities of Europe intend to impose fines on airlines if their aircraft do not meet increasingly stringent environmental requirements. How does your design bureau solve the problem of reducing aircraft engine exhaust emissions?

- In addition to what I said about the parameters of the gas turbine engine, environmental issues is the second direction we are working on. The creation of low-emission combustion chambers is an extremely serious problem. We know that the market dictates the requirements for reducing emissions of harmful substances, not only because in fact it is right: the engines must be green and environmentally friendly. But it is also a mechanism of market competition. Today, General Electric and Siemens are commercially producing industrial engines with emissions of harmful substances 10-15 ppm. This is becoming the norm, and will be introduced as a restriction in the sale of engines. There are relevant laws that actually prohibit selling in one country or another engines that do not fit into these requirements of environmental standards. Therefore, on the one hand, we are working to ensure universal requirements in terms of ecology. On the other hand, without this, it is simply impossible in our time to stay on the market. Our key task is to study, investigate the processes occurring in the combustion chamber. For this purpose, NPO Saturn has created one of the best research and development centers, equipped with one of the most high-performance computing clusters in Russian industry, as well as equipped with test benches and research facilities for testing combustion chambers operating on gaseous and liquid fuels.

- When creating a promising aviation technology both in our country and abroad, composite materials / KM / are finding more and more widespread use. How in this regard, the situation in the CB “Saturn”?

- In terms of composites, we have long since passed from the research stage to the stage of their application, including the SaM146 engine for the Superjet. Organized a comprehensive work with our partners - the company "Snekma". The other day will be very important for the "Saturn" meeting to consider the concept of expanding the use of composite materials in the design of the engine SaM146. We singled out the work with the CM in a separate process, for which my deputy, Dmitry Karelin, is responsible and responsible. This innovative work is built not only inside the “Saturn”, we attract a wide range of participants to it. Formed comprehensive program. Large scientific forces are involved in the perimeter of this activity. Thus, a comprehensive program is being formed with the Central Institute of Aviation Motors. An agreement was signed with the All-Russian Institute of Aviation Materials. A long-term agreement is being prepared with TsAGI. Zhukovsky. Fundamentally new is that we plan to involve small enterprises in the process of creating innovative developments in this area. And most importantly - specific universities. In order to motivate, raise the initiative of specific young scientists announced the introduction for students, graduate students and doctoral students scholarships of NPO Saturn. We focus on the scientific potential not only of Rybinsk or the Yaroslavl region, we are looking much broader. In this program we will invite Perm universities, Moscow institutes - such as the MAI and MSTU. Bauman. We are currently negotiating with the Samara University. It is very important for us that students, young postgraduate students, and doctoral students should join this innovative work as early as possible. In order that, among other things, Russian science be created on these works, fundamental professors appeared. That is why “Saturn” will continue to support this direction as much as possible.

- What will it give you?

Firstly, it will allow forming scientific schools in this area not only in Yaroslavl, but also in other regions of the country. It will allow to identify the most interested, active young scientists who will form a whole scientific direction on a nationwide scale. Maybe some of these scientists will come to work in the NGO Saturn. We also pursue such goals. If we sum up this innovation, then in 2012, we brought this work to the project level. In addition to Saturn, as I have already noted, we have included many organizations and enterprises, including small ones. Ready to go further. I will be ready to involve scientists from abroad with pleasure. In principle, this is in line with the state program concerning scientific work. In order that brains, as they say, did not flow away from “Saturn” and from the country as a whole. In our company, to support innovation processes, the scientific and technical council is constantly functioning / NTS /. The horizons of his interests are beyond the scope of composite materials, and extend to the entire process of research and development R & D.

- Usually, this is quite a costly task. Are you able to extract dividends from this kind of work?

- Yes, we are very actively working on this process and are engaged in its improvement in the same way as all other processes. We fulfill specific obligations to the customer in the part of R & D. Why? Because any scientific research or development work is an investment in the future of an enterprise. And the state, investing in enterprises, invests in its future, in its marketable products. And we, in turn, will make these products. It turns out a single, mutually beneficial and interdependent process of interaction between an individual enterprise and the state.

- How do you feel about unfinished R & D?

- Unfinished R&D carried out with non-compliance with the previously announced deadlines is an increase in costs, a narrowing in the future of the potential sales market for goods. There is a great example of the Pratt & Whitney company, which teaches all engine builders. It is a successful company, a world leader. But she had a bad experience: the PW6000 engine with a thrust of about 10 tons. The project was completed with a delay from the previously announced terms. And in the end, this engine was installed on slightly more than 20 aircraft. This is what the failure to meet deadlines and obligations to the customer means. The market will be occupied by other companies.

- Whom does the Saturn Design Bureau consider as its customers?

- For designers, the customers are the enterprise, United Engine Corporation, the state, after all. But the main customer is the one who exploits airplanes with our engines. In order to ensure that the development work is carried out on time, we radically change the planning system in the service of the general designer. We do this not independently, but together with the service of the director of production. Before making decisions in the framework of R & D, we check the implementation of research and development work, and prepare technological processes for manufacturing. We completed the R & D on a 8 MW marine engine. The car turned out to be unique, with a number of innovative solutions. In particular, it allows you to automatically switch from gaseous fuel to liquid. In Russia, these engines do not exist. In the field of research we investigate the use of alternative fuels. All this raises the rating of the Saturn Design Bureau with foreign customers as well. For the first time the aircraft engine AL-55, created on the "Saturn", has become an export product of our country. So, we fulfilled the requirement of India to increase the resource of the gas turbine engine AL-55. I believe that at the end of this year our partners, our customers from India can really talk about the beginning of its licensed production. This engine will be in demand by the Indian Air Force. This is one of the most interesting works for us. We are working to expand the scope of such an engine.

- You have previously mentioned the engine for a promising aviation complex of front-line aviation. I understand that the topic is quite sensitive in terms of technical solutions and the designers are reluctant to comment on this. One careless word can tell a lot to a specialist who doesn’t want to report a new product. But still, say a few words about the participation of "Saturn" in this project.

- Within the framework of new projects, Saturn is actively working to create a second-stage engine for the PAK FA. Although we represent the civilian engines division for the UEC, the Saturn does not stop cooperating with the Yakovlev Design Bureau. "A.M. Lyulka" work on the engine. From 2006 to the present, a serious scientific and technical reserve has been created in the design bureau on the second stage engine for the PAK FA. This allowed this year to reach an agreement with the leadership of the division of combat engines that Saturn will be responsible for the high-pressure compressor and the high-pressure turbine. These nodes are actually the heart of the aircraft engine. It was possible to achieve such a decision due to the fact that a demonstrator of engine assemblies, which fully complies with the declared characteristics, has already been created. We experimentally confirmed it. I can say honestly and calmly that today all critical decisions that need to be verified experimentally for this engine have been verified. And the engine will take place at the set time with proper organization of labor.

- The question may not be to the general designer, but to the head of the enterprise. Do not want, do not answer. How do you make money?

- I will say about my unit that OCD and research works are developing dynamically. We are changing, improving, we get a positive result. But we work in the structure of a large enterprise, which is part of a serious corporation. And for each enterprise the main indicator of its effectiveness is its cost. What creates enterprise value? The cost of the enterprise, as well as the money it earns, are provided with serial products. Therefore, despite the fact that research and development work is very important for us, this is the main direction for the design bureau, we cannot but treat with great responsibility the issues of support for mass production. Only high-quality and on-time serial products delivered, only prompt and competent response to a request from service, command respect from our customers. Having a serious prestige that we have gained on serial production, we are convinced that the new R & D and new OKRy will also be in favor of Saturn. That is why it is extremely important for designers to work effectively to maintain mass production. And in this direction, we are also improving.

- What is done in this regard?

- Made, maybe not as much as we wanted. But the results speak for themselves. In the 2012 year, we have become more efficient in maintaining the production in 2,5 times, compared to what was previously. What I mean? More than 2 times, the number of deviations caused in production due to insufficient design study decreased, requests for deviations due to imperfect technological processes decreased more than 3 times. Problems disappeared at the level of interaction between different services: designers, technologists, suppliers, economists. We have ceased to waste time on processes that increase the cost of the product, as was recently mentioned during the military-industrial conference from the rostrum in the Government House. We began to trust our people more, a priori understanding that we work with talented, intelligent, literate people, who are able to make the right decisions. I like one saying: "we hire smart people to tell us what we should do, and not to tell them what they should do." If we do not follow this principle, we will not get such a cumulative effect from collective labor.

We gave specialists a certain freedom in making decisions and made sure that in 95 percent. cases decisions are made by people correctly. In order for these decisions to be made and go into action, you do not need to stand at the office of the chief and wait for his signature on the implementation of a decision. Solutions were implemented without this higher signature of the head. But every Friday we meet in a production unit called Plato / from the French word "playground", where people work together /, we hear the leaders of this interdisciplinary working group about the work performed. Saturn’s leadership helps people do their basic production work. This is what we talked about earlier with respect to the state and the company. And here, at the enterprise, between the manager and the production worker. You can talk about this a lot, but you better talk on this topic with the managing director.

- Thank you, if such an opportunity presents itself, I will try to do it. And in conclusion, I want to ask you, in general, how do you see Saturn in 10 – 15 years?

- A multidisciplinary company that has a sustainable business in the field of military, civilian, land engines. In each of the market segments, an enterprise creates a product that is the best in this segment and seeks to expand this segment. Regarding engine building as a whole ... My teacher Valery Georgievich Avgustinovich published the book “The Battle for Speed. The Great War of Aviation Monitors” not so long ago. It clearly traces the idea that the country in which the best engines are built will have the best airplanes. Russia must retain the competence in the field of aviation, have the most modern aircraft - civilian, combat. Today, it is necessary to develop technologies that will be used in the future, both to create new aircraft engines, and in other industries that are necessary for the state and are interesting for young engineers.

- I can’t throw a single word out of this statement.

- Thank you.
Author:
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  1. dmitreach
    dmitreach April 5 2013 15: 46 New
    +3
    SaM146

    Well, who dares to say that SSJ is crap?
    Saturn - success in development!
    1. dmitreach
      dmitreach April 5 2013 15: 49 New
      +6


      for the mood...
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 April 5 2013 16: 45 New
        0
        Thank you, I simply experienced incredible happiness and pride from what I saw. Keep it up!
    2. djon3volta
      djon3volta April 5 2013 16: 18 New
      10
      Quote: dmitreach
      Well, who dares to say that SSJ is crap?

      Sukhoi Superjet 100. Not a single plane in the world has grown in its childhood as many legends, conjectures, terrible secrets, myths and divination, like this one.
      In our country, a hell of a lot of people versed in aviation. What event happened in the world of airplanes and then hundreds of expert opinions, expert evaluations, and analysis of professionals. Everyone who saw a flying car heavier than air in the picture, imagines himself, if not an air consultant, so an air critic. That's just they are mostly occupied in areas far removed from aviation.
      5 years ago, the first Superjet took off. The event, of course, is important and significant for the Russian aviation industry. Of course, this fact was not without “authoritative” assessments. Prior to the first flight, the design of the domestic aircraft was actively discussed. The "critics" very much doubted the very possibility of "Sukhoi" designing something non-military, without quick-firing cannons and homing missiles. Throughout 2006, “experts” foreshadowed the impossibility of building a Superjet.
      In May 2008, the Superjet took off, contrary to all the prophecies and speculations of the spiteful critics. The first-born of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft has not yet settled on the runway after the premiere flight, and the "experts" have already announced that it will be the only flying instance, predicted a breakdown in release dates and full stone engines, poor-quality metal rivets and insufficiently transparent portholes. The superjet flew to Le Bourget and Farnborough, and the “air critics” voted that no one needed such a plane and no one would buy it. Superjet received compliance with European requirements for noise levels on the ground, and "experts" said that no one would fly from Russia to Europe from Russia. They drove the Superjet through the water and froze in Yakutia in a severe cold, the Superjet was tested in TsAGI for strength and flew in Arkhangelsk under icing conditions, was certified in the highlands of Armenia and was purged by the strongest winds in Iceland, and the “critics” kept saying that the plane was under-tested and unreliable that it’s scary to fly on it and there will be only one toilet, which is not enough to fight fear.

      http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/30471/#cut
      1. max-02215
        max-02215 April 5 2013 16: 41 New
        +6
        Yes, the trouble is that there are a lot of smart people, and at all levels, the Sberbank is buying 12 Boeing for TRANSAERO, they plan to buy another 50. And wherever the support of the Russian aircraft industry, it seems that the auto industry didn’t give a rollback, that we no longer have promising models? Well, 204 fell, and that Boeings and Airbases do not fall?
        1. Waterfall
          Waterfall April 5 2013 17: 22 New
          0
          Quote: max-02215
          that we no longer have promising models

          Instead of 737-800 there are only 320 watermelons, there are no more options.
          1. Strezhevchanin
            Strezhevchanin April 5 2013 20: 45 New
            0
            Quote: Wasserfall
            there are no more options.

            It is necessary at the legislative level to stop such a thing as leasing from foreign producers, then it will be possible to tell our citizen to BE !!!! Sweet Boeing and Watermelon will surrender in the air, in our case, the aircraft industry will be trampled as scalded. I will say more, all these people will think seriously about their role in the WTO. yes
        2. rolik
          rolik April 5 2013 18: 07 New
          +6
          Quote: max-02215
          won Sberbank buys 12 Boeing for TRANSAERO

          In order for Tolik Gref to want to buy our planes. The smallest detail is needed. It requires a call to the president and a small-private conversation. The next day, the Boeing contract will be terminated. And someone from Sberbank will be left without sliding in your pocket. Sadness of course, but only for him personally.
          1. Karabin
            Karabin April 5 2013 19: 45 New
            +3
            Quote: rolik
            In order for Tolik Gref to want to buy our planes. The smallest detail is needed. A call to the president is required ...

            So what? How many right words about the need for a revival of aviation, modernization and innovation were said by the president. Words are empty if not backed up by deeds. As a result, there are more and more Boeings, and fewer domestic ones.
            1. rolik
              rolik April 6 2013 12: 22 New
              0
              Quote: Karabin
              How many right words about the need for a revival of aviation, modernization and innovation were said by the president.

              Words must be supported by deeds. That is what matters are just not enough. Doliberalnichalis with laws. It's time to tighten the law. If Tolyan knew that he would fly out of the chair and lose all the money written on him, his wife, brother, matchmaker and all-all relatives. That even a single glance should have been enough.
            2. gridasov
              gridasov 23 October 2013 13: 30 New
              0
              We have been talking for quite some time about fundamentally new physical foundations that can and should become the basis for the creation of new aircraft engines. However, we remain in silent parity. Russia wants and should have weapons of a truly new and most importantly effective level, and we have sound scientific results that give direction to development and possession of such potential. However, everything is still worth it. We wait until the situation comes to a moment when there will be no choice. History is constantly repeating itself. Crisis is always an incentive for an innovative breakthrough.
      2. evgenii67
        evgenii67 April 5 2013 16: 43 New
        +2
        Quote: djon3volta
        Sukhoi Superjet 100

        I did a good job, but I already wrote to you before, don’t watch TV so often and don’t believe everythinghi And I have a friend where this miracle is drawn and designed, it works. So she told me about 2 years ago that the Superjet is far from being as smooth and clear as they show on TV, up to the point that at the beginning of the work there was a proposal to use the chassis of the combat "Drying", but the load was different, in general she told a lot more And she didn't finish a lot of things, but just smiled slyly and translated the conversation. Well, all the same, God forbid that this civilian Drying was in demand so that the success always accompanied the Russian aviation.
        1. max-02215
          max-02215 April 5 2013 16: 48 New
          +1
          interesting by whom? and then, after all, cooks and technicians work the same in KB and can tell a lot of things
          1. evgenii67
            evgenii67 April 5 2013 17: 05 New
            0
            Quote: max-02215
            interesting by whom?

            not a cook and not a techie hi
            I somehow asked her how much she receives, and she smiled so much. Then I probably asked 70 thousand, and she said a little more. I asked 90, but somewhere she said, in general, she didn’t say how much she specifically earns, but believe me she earns a lot. Now the question is 90 thousand (maybe more) will receive a technical?
            1. rolik
              rolik April 5 2013 18: 09 New
              +2
              Quote: evgenii67
              h 90 (maybe more) will receive technicals?

              The technicals will not be, and Madame sitting in the purchasing department - perhaps. Designers and meters will receive either less than this amount, or 50% more. But rather less, managers are their income.
              1. SerAll
                SerAll April 6 2013 00: 37 New
                +1
                There is also a post of assistant manager .... secretary ... -)))
                1. rolik
                  rolik April 6 2013 12: 23 New
                  0
                  Quote: SerAll
                  assistant manager .... secretary ... -)))

                  No, he gets less)))))
        2. dmitreach
          dmitreach April 5 2013 16: 59 New
          0
          There is such a party - One Grandmother Said!

          I don’t trust "grandmas" in principle. For, according to the apostle, the root of all evil is love for "grandmothers." Yes, that's such a play on words ... request smile

          Here not about crying all sorts of "grandmothers" resource, because the Creators fight for their own - dear, to which they have devoted part of their lives.

          http://superjet.wikidot.com/
        3. Strezhevchanin
          Strezhevchanin April 5 2013 20: 52 New
          +1
          Quote: evgenii67
          don’t watch TV so often and don’t believe everything

          For just one replica + We need to talk more often, there should be a dialogue !!!! ...... with a box for an idiot hi
        4. aksakal
          aksakal April 5 2013 21: 29 New
          +2
          Quote: evgenii67
          So she said to me about 2 years ago that not everything is so smooth with the Superjet

          - You will probably laugh, but the dreamliner is also far from okay, as well as the giant from Airbus (I don’t remember the name, but very healthy, currently the largest passenger airliner).
          You will laugh, but if the superjet has something wrong with the air conditioning system (which is not surprising, because the Sukhovites specialize in military aircraft, if the air conditioning system is there, then so-so), then Airbus's engines light up right in flight!
          And believe me, this is not only on the TV, this is teeming with the Internet. Therefore, read, dear, and you may feel at least some pride in your aircraft builders, if only because the children's braces on the Russian aircraft are much less serious than on recognized market owners.
      3. Nitup
        Nitup April 5 2013 23: 11 New
        +2
        ... there are so many people who know how to play football, how to run a state and how to build an airplane. It's just a pity that they all already work as hairdressers and taxi drivers "...
    3. washi
      washi April 5 2013 17: 20 New
      +2
      I. They clamp the NK engines. As a result, NKs are not allocated for the development of Russian engines, despite the indication of GDP, they do NOT allocate ANYTHING. The newspaper Arguments of the week even organized a subscription to fine-tune the engines and commission TU and AN.
  2. svp67
    svp67 April 5 2013 15: 50 New
    +5
    The country that created the best engines will have the best aircraft



    It is difficult to argue with this common sense. And therefore I wish "Saturn" great success, in their not easy job. And I'm waiting for new, best engines in the world - Russia really needs to have the best planes and a lot
  3. strannik595
    strannik595 April 5 2013 15: 53 New
    +4
    By order of the Managing Director of NPO Saturn OJSC dated November 29, 2010, Yuri Shmotin was approved as General Designer of NPO Saturn OJSC.

    Shmotin Yuri Nikolaevich was born in Perm on June 19, 1971.

    In 1995 he graduated from the Perm State Technical University with a degree in Aircraft Engines and Power Plants. Candidate of Technical Sciences (1999). Fluent in English.

    He began his career in 1995 at Aviadvigatel OJSC.

    04.1999 - 07.2001 - Design Engineer - Calculator, Aviadvigatel OJSC.

    07.2001 - 02.2002 - Head of the Design Department of Engineering Analysis Systems, NPO Saturn OJSC.

    02.2002 - 11.2003 - Deputy General Designer for Engineering Analysis and Information Technologies, NPO Saturn OJSC.

    11.2003 - 06.2004 - Deputy General Designer - Head of OKB-1, NPO Saturn OJSC.

    06.2004 - 01.2006 - Deputy General Designer for Calculations and Analysis, NPO Saturn OJSC.

    01.2006 - 09.2009 - Deputy General Designer - Head of Settlement and Research Department, NPO Saturn OJSC.

    09.2009 - 11.2010 - First Deputy Technical Director - General Designer - Chief Designer, NPO Saturn OJSC ........... hard work, we wish him good luck
  4. smel
    smel April 5 2013 15: 54 New
    +7

    - Maybe for someone it seems unusual to hear from the mouth of the general designer, but the fundamental principle in the work of the design bureau is to ensure profit for the enterprise

    I respect people who think and do good. But how embarrassed the topic of attendants in all areas. Not the leadership in the industry, not the good of the Motherland, not the well-being of the team, not a trace in history, not a bright future, not joy to people, but It is precisely BABLO that he needs.Money will drive crazy even the most talented ... Liberal Democrats have built a strong society !!! Already sick !!!
    1. sniper
      sniper April 5 2013 19: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: smel
      It is precisely BABLO that he needs.
      For successful work any enterprises or design bureaus need, oddly enough funding, without the "dough", sorry, only rabbits breed, and even those need to eat ... So do not write nonsense, if the enterprise does not make a profit, then it will not work! !!
      1. aksakal
        aksakal April 5 2013 21: 39 New
        +1
        Quote: sniper
        For the successful operation of any enterprise or design office, it is necessary, oddly enough, funding, without "dough", sorry, only rabbits breed, and you need to eat them ... So you don't need to write nonsense, if the enterprise does not make a profit, then work it won't !!!
        - no one denies this. BUT!!!!
        Quote: smel
        but the fundamental principle in the work of the design bureau is to ensure profit for the enterprise
        the fundamental principle in the work of the design bureau is the creation of extremely competitive products within its competence, and the market itself will evaluate the result of the design bureau's work by "voting with the ruble". And what the general designer announced may lead to the fact that if tomorrow the design bureau acquires competencies in the field of successful currency speculation, then the design bureau will send the aircraft engines away and engage in currency speculation, because in the fundamental principle of this design bureau, voiced by Shmobin, there is not a word about , due to which it can be provided
        Quote: smel
        profit for the company
        . That is due to anything!
        RIGHT RIGHT, it is already sick of it !!!!!
        1. sniper
          sniper April 5 2013 23: 06 New
          +1
          Quote: aksakal
          , and the market itself will evaluate the result of the design bureau by means of "voting in rubles".

          And if you have not guessed? If out of habit they didn’t do what they needed, but what did they do? Or say few such examples? And the fact that at the level of the chief designer there is a question about the demand for their developments, then this is not bad in my opinion ...
          1. aksakal
            aksakal April 6 2013 00: 23 New
            +1
            Quote: sniper
            And if you have not guessed? If out of habit they didn’t do what they needed, but what did they do? Or say few such examples? And the fact that at the level of the chief designer there is a question about the demand for their developments, then this is not bad in my opinion ...
            - Enterprises that are too accustomed to do not what they need, but what they managed to, will leave the market or be absorbed. Examples of this darkness.
            Operating with purely financial assessments of one's activities and making the received amount of "cash" as the main assessment of the effectiveness of one's work has a lot of pitfalls. An enterprise, for example, at some point may become a monopolist in the market, because there is always the possibility of such a combination of circumstances, isn't it? And start to drive bullshit while increasing prices. And then the main criterion of the general designer isthe fundamental principle in the work of the design bureau is to ensure profit for the enterprise - will be misleading - after all, making a profit is in order and even increased, but at the same time the enterprise itself is on the verge of ruin due to the addiction of "driving bullshit" - for some reason, the habit of driving bullshit is formed very quickly, literally in "two delay" And that's just one situevina! And there can be dozens of scenarios on the market! And in all of them a single integrative assessment of performance - the amount of "cash" - can be misleading!
    2. zvereok
      zvereok April 5 2013 21: 27 New
      0
      Well, excuse me, this is so in our country according to the law. The main reason for the existence of a commercial structure is to make a profit. Then, the state deducts taxes from profit, and then, roughly speaking, net profit is distributed, to dividends to shareholders, or to the development of an enterprise.
      1. aksakal
        aksakal April 5 2013 22: 23 New
        +1
        Quote: zvereok

        Well, excuse me, this is so in our country according to the law. The main reason for the existence of a commercial structure is to make a profit. Then, the state deducts taxes from profit, and then, roughly speaking, net profit is distributed, to dividends to shareholders, or to the development of an enterprise.

        - I absolutely agree with you, Animal! The only question is, to what extent is it justified to transfer almost the only enterprise in Russia, and therefore a system-forming enterprise in the field of aircraft engine building, into the category of "commercial structures"? request Do not you find that this design bureau is much more logical to be in the list of strategic enterprises with all the consequences, including and in terms of secrecy?
        But if some Prokhorov-Fridman wants to create his own aircraft engine-building enterprise specifically for the purpose of making a profit, then I don't mind, for God's sake, let the new company be a "commercial structure". Only Friedmans would rather hang themselves on scarves than create a similar gift for Russia. This is me for an example. Forget it.
  5. fzr1000
    fzr1000 April 5 2013 16: 15 New
    +1
    Yeh, I wrote a diploma there. good
    1. washi
      washi April 5 2013 17: 21 New
      0
      Subject. Result.
      1. fzr1000
        fzr1000 April 5 2013 19: 49 New
        0
        Just like in the 1st department. I report.
        Combustion chamber of the gas compressor unit module. Rating "good", on the economic section floated a little, somehow I did not pay much attention to it. I drew a 2,5 m assembly drawing. Here.
  6. wax
    wax April 5 2013 17: 15 New
    0
    Learn from Grabin to prepare guns for battle.
    http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/grabin/23.html
    Only forward!
  7. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 April 5 2013 17: 18 New
    +3
    Tryndets kitten. Once we had the best engine school in the world. And now we see how they are killing her before our eyes, with no options.
    “Today we are doing everything so that the designer, at the stage of forming a new engine, assembly or part, thinks about how much it will cost in production” - this is a final verdict, not subject to appeal.
    You see, the result of thinking depends primarily on how its process is built. Proper thinking sets priorities like this - the main task is chosen. And all mental actions are carried out by verification of the main task. What does it look like with the creation of an aircraft engine?
    It is necessary to create an engine in such a mass-dimensional framework, with a thrust-to-weight ratio not lower than X and a rate of change of thrust not lower than Y Soviet designers set the task this way, creating their own miracles, which still cause respectful awe. And how will it be now? To extend the parameters ... on materials cheaper, in manufacturing more primitive. Somewhere I already saw something like that ... oh yes! So Western designers think, or rather, they are forced! And the result? A simple one. Without being free, thinking does not gain power. Everything. Ended Russian engines ...
    1. fzr1000
      fzr1000 April 5 2013 19: 52 New
      0
      Do not go too far. You should always think about the cost of the engine. It just doesn’t need the price of the engine to dominate the rest.
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 April 5 2013 21: 23 New
        +3
        Yes, I wouldn’t touch the stick at all ... It’s impossible without it. Understand that engineering at this level is a sport of excellence. Like a war. Like a fight in the gateway, where you went in a cheerful and slightly witty ... and there three gopniks suddenly wanted to check what color your gut is.
        That is, a person, in order to do something as it should, should not lug around a servant from nine to five, and then take home a little tired. This is fire! Here you have to tear your veins from yourself, forget to sleep, jump from your wife and run to sketch. That is, in this work ALL forces, abilities, skills and techniques accumulated over the whole life are realized. A small glitch ... and you will never find a solution that your engine to the stars will make.
        But what happened is not a failure. This is a fundamental change in the system of thinking, and the introduced parameter constantly dominates the mind of the developer. This is difficult to explain to someone who has never tried to squeeze at least 150 percent from the brain .... Understand that the Soviet engineer knew that he had to invent the best. The most. And if a shovel is needed from india, he will get indium without words. They will dig half the planets ... Without being shackled, how mercilessly broken Western designers, whom you could only regret, he gave out the best! It's funny, but it is usually ... it was even cheaper!
        Everything. It is over. Now there will be dreamliners. Curved, crappy, flying through a stump-deck ... and even monstrously expensive! This mutant can chat anything, but he kills KB and most likely will irrevocably destroy. Finita ...
        1. fzr1000
          fzr1000 April 6 2013 15: 49 New
          0
          I agree with you.
  8. pinecone
    pinecone April 5 2013 19: 40 New
    +1
    I looked at the photo of the general designer of flaming engines and immediately remembered the portraits of Klimov, Shvetsov, Mikulin, Lyulka and other Soviet aircraft engine developers. They differ, and quite noticeably. This one looks more like the chairman of the board of some bank. And all the market, market, market ... The surname is also appropriate - from the word "clothes".
    1. Tatanka Yotanka
      Tatanka Yotanka April 5 2013 20: 05 New
      +1
      Yuri Nikolaevich began his career in 1995 at Aviadvigatel OJSC.
      04.1999 - 07.2001 - design engineer, calculation engineer, Aviadvigatel OJSC.
      07.2001 - 02.2002 - Head of the Design Department of Engineering Analysis Systems, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      02.2002 - 11.2003 - Deputy General Designer for Engineering Analysis and Information Technologies, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      11.2003 - 06.2004 - Deputy General Designer - Head of OKB-1, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      06.2004 - 01.2006 - Deputy General Designer for Calculations and Analysis, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      01.2006 - 09.2009 - Deputy General Designer - Head of Settlement and Research Department, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      09.2009 - 11.2010 - First Deputy Technical Director - General Designer - Chief Designer, NPO Saturn OJSC.
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 April 5 2013 21: 31 New
        -1
        Squeezed up every two years. Genius? Yes, such a level that Korolev is just a kid, judging by the indescribable speed of career growth. And where is the spacecraft flying to Mars with five hundred crew members, equipped with its incredible engine ?! FOR BUSINESS, you can only increase this for such achievements, no less.
        Rather like that. Profile education and someone’s great desire to drive this particular frame to the very top. Someone’s very furry desire. what kind of people do we grow at the speed of bamboo, finding themselves in the most difficult places? Especially on those on which (that's an accident!) Our defense ability and development depend on? Yes, from the design bureau after him (it is unlikely that he needs another year. I think he has already done everything) and the dust will not remain ....
  9. stranik72
    stranik72 April 5 2013 20: 57 New
    +4
    djon3volta
    Quote: dmitreach
    Well, who dares to say that SSJ is crap?

    The control department under the president of the Russian Federation said that the SSJ is crap. I quote every issue of the SaM146 engine brings a loss to the plant 40 million rubles. The SSJ plane did not become a breakthrough project; at the moment it can only land at 28 airfields, it has a terrible service system and many failures. Further in this report, the situation is described for all types and plants of aviation in the Russian Federation. In general, this report is on the Internet as well as the GDP order. The document is very interesting. By the way, on the PS-14 engine it says that he, too, will not be a breakthrough into the future.

    So gentlemen, listen less to these businessmen from aviation, he is not the General Designer and he never was, analyze more and read smart books. Analyze his career and that during this time ANYTHING was really done by this plant, the Soviet heritage was eaten up.
    1. Trofimov174
      Trofimov174 April 5 2013 22: 19 New
      0
      Quote: stranik72
      djon3volta
      Quote: dmitreach
      Well, who dares to say that SSJ is crap?

      . In general, this report is on the Internet as well as the GDP order. The document is very interesting.


      You should not believe everything that is on the Internet, although I myself am not a fan of this airliner, but if he went into production and they even buy it, it means that somewhere there is rational grain.
  10. sashka
    sashka April 5 2013 23: 07 New
    +2
    none of this makes sense. conversations mean .. I was taught to make AIRPLANES from the age of 13. Then there was a mentor. Then the Army .. Then "looked closely" .. 9 "RUSLANOV" My .. They are like Children .. Who will do now? Who the fuck needs all this? Easier to buy and not bother yourself .. Wanted "democracy". ? Get it .. Let the amers work, they need the money. And of course Poghosyan. This is another shot. A promise, like "President Pu", costs nothing. It's free ..
  11. Simple
    Simple April 6 2013 02: 05 New
    0
    Quote: Mikhail3
    "Today we are doing everything so that the designer, at the stage of forming a new engine, assembly or part, thinks about how much it will cost in production."


    If Shmotin Yuri Nikolaevich brought this enmity without thinking
    it is fixable. And if he really thinks so, then trouble.
    To charge designers with non-core work in their positions is at least the inability to lead. Maximum direct wrecking.



    Well, a little on the "airplane" topic:


    MTU Service in Zhuhai, China
    The enterprise in Zhuhai Special Economic Zone is an 50-50 joint venture of MTU Aero Engines and China Southern Airlines. MTU Service Zhuhai is equipped with high-tech machines and a highly developed test bench for engines up to 150.000 pounds of thrust
    The company specializes in the maintenance, overhaul and repair of V2500 (IAE) and CFM56 (CFMI) engines. The company is a market leader in the Chinese market and is ready to take leading market positions in Asia.



    taken from:

    http://www.mtu.de/de/company/corporate_structure/locations/zhuhai/index.html
  12. Zomanus
    Zomanus April 6 2013 05: 01 New
    0
    First of all, it is necessary to create new engines for the military. There are no such tensions with the environment. And our military aircraft industry is better developed. But the civil needs to be restored from scratch, the situation cannot be corrected by engines alone.