Military Review

The benefits of camouflage

36
The newspaper "Izvestia", it seems, has launched another duck on the net, although for the time being it is still too early to talk about how truthful the information published by the publication will be. Yesterday, an article was published in the newspaper with reference to its own sources in the Russian Defense Ministry, according to which the Russian military decided to abandon camouflage for military equipment, it is proposed to paint all of it in a solid color. Depending on the region, it will be either dark green, or light green, or khaki. Today this information was confirmed by the famous military journalist and blogger Denis Mokrushin. At the same time, RIA News with reference to the representatives of Uralvagnozavod, it reports that no changes have been made to previously signed contracts for the supply of heavy armored vehicles. No instructions from the Ministry of Defense about repainting tanks to enterprises did not receive.


The representative of the plant told reporters that the specification of painting tanks clearly spelled out in the documents - protective (green). After the tanks enter the troops, their color may change depending on the conditions of the terrain in which they are operated: wooded, mountain-wooded, mountain-desert, etc. The representative of "Uralvagonzavod" said that camouflage paint, consisting of different colors of 14, is more expensive than protective. For this reason, in peacetime, its application is not always advisable.

Military expert on armored vehicles Alexey Khlopotov, in turn, noted that the military had previously refused to camouflage due to the complexity of its application in conventional military units, since only factory camouflage is able to disguise the equipment. According to him, it is more difficult to focus optical devices on a tank and other armored vehicles in camouflage paint, and this leads to an increase in its survivability on the battlefield. In the armies of the NATO countries, for example, in the USA and Germany, quite complex multicolor camouflage schemes have been developed for the European region. But they are applied to the equipment in the factory with the strictest observance of the regulations. If you paint the equipment in parts, then it is more like a handicraft method, there is little sense from such camouflage, so it is better to let the equipment be one-color, noted Alexey Khlopotov.
The benefits of camouflage
An example of a protective monochromatic coloration

Protective paint and camouflage

The protective coloration is intended to reduce the visibility of military equipment, weapons, soldiers, as well as various objects and structures on the ground due to the staining of the surfaces of the protected objects in any one color, which complicates the visual selection of masked objects against the background of the surrounding terrain. It is not necessary that the color of the protective color coincides with the main background color. There are a number of colors that are recognized as universal, that is, they really complicate the visual selection of masked objects on almost any type of terrain (of course, except for snow). These colors today include: khaki, yellowish grayish, grayish greenish, drab, greenish gray, grayish blue, bluish gray and olive. The main rules for the selection of protective colors are: dull color, the inability to clearly name this color, its dullness.

In the Russian army protective paint is used for military equipment, as the factory. Almost all equipment comes from the factory shops painted in dark green or olive color. It is important to take into account various circumstances, in particular the fact that the protected surfaces should not shine, give reflections, and also have a gloss. If during the masking coloration of the matte uniform it is possible to achieve already due to the very structure of the fabric, then during the painting of the technique it is necessary to avoid the use of solvents and varnishes, which give a smooth surface, as well as enamel paints. It is useful to add it to the paint itself or to put it on a fresh, dry layer, sand, chalk, sawdust, etc.

Warp coloring

In addition to the protective for the purpose of masking people, equipment and various kinds of objects, a deforming paint is also used, which reduces the visibility of the masked objects in color to a lesser extent than the protective paint. At the same time the deforming color has a number of its own advantages. Its main advantage is that it is easier for a person at the psychological level to identify familiar objects on the ground, which he recognizes from the external contours and drawing of internal parts, while the deforming color prevents the observer from identifying the external contours and complicates the process of identifying a visible object by internal details. For example, an observer found some kind of armored vehicle on the ground, but the distorted paint applied to it prevents him from determining the presence and location of hatches, doors, loopholes, canisters and boxes on his projection. Consequently, the observer is unable to unambiguously recognize the detected object as a tank, infantry fighting vehicle, armored personnel carrier or tractor, its brand and type, as well as the distance to the object, the direction and speed of its movement.
An example of a deforming paint on a tank

At the same time, this color has its drawbacks. The main thing is the fact that the deforming color is more than protective, depends on the background of the surrounding area. For example, an object that perfectly hid against the background of summer forest vegetation will become very noticeable in the autumn forest. Similarly, an object painted with contrasting spots and imperceptible on the ground on a sunny day, against the background of a foggy morning will stand out a bright spot on the ground.

Proceeding from this, if the protective coloration is sufficiently universal, then the deforming requires from the commanders of subdivisions a clear and unambiguous view of the masking task to be solved, as well as taking into account a large number of factors (changing the background color from the weather, time of day, season, influence of enemy fire on the terrain color etc.). In addition, the use of this kind of paint requires a range of necessary paints, as well as time for painting, which is often difficult or even impossible during combat operations.

The main task of any disguise is that the enemy, even after seeing the object, did not understand that he could not recognize it. Without recognizing the object, it is difficult to determine whether it is dangerous and, if so, how strong. This is the main purpose of any camouflage - to make sure that, being visible, the object remains invisible. This can be achieved with the help of various color spots, which distort the internal details, the contours of the same object can be slightly modified using available tools. The main thing to do so that the image visible to the human eye does not coincide with any of the images in the brain.
An example of warp paint on a military uniform

In this case, people, using a concealing uniform, should keep in mind that the entire action of disguise can negate the bright oval of the face, which can be seen very well at a sufficiently long distance or at night. Therefore, in addition to camouflage overalls, soldiers of many armies use special camouflage masks on their faces or special makeup (paints), which paint open skin areas - face and hands.

Information sources
- http://izvestia.ru/news/547881
-http: //worldweapon.ru/tactics/mask1.php
-http: //www.yro03.narod.ru/33.html
-http: //ria.ru/defense_safety/20130403/930800779.html
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  1. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 April 5 2013 07: 11
    +5
    There is a simple and very cheap solution, to produce a one-time disguise on a self-adhesive film. conditions changed quickly pasted a new film corresponding to the conditions and the battle.
    1. Mikhado
      Mikhado April 5 2013 09: 00
      +2
      Quote: vladsolo56
      There is a simple and very cheap solution, to produce a one-time disguise on a self-adhesive film. conditions changed quickly pasted a new film corresponding to the conditions and the battle.

      Yeah, given the complex shape of the objects and the breakthrough of attachments - it’s straightforward and simple. Again, it’s still artisanal. Such an idea, if it were justified, would have long been applied in the West.
      Do not take off, in short.
    2. kpd
      kpd April 5 2013 13: 09
      +5
      Why film? A long time ago, a camouflage network was invented, for tanks and vehicles quite a solution.
      1. Kars
        Kars April 5 2013 14: 35
        +4
        On the idea of ​​vectors, hinged camouflage kits should enter the troops - Naturally, a cape, Ternovnik.


        the USA and NATO also have a hinged camouflage
        1. svp67
          svp67 April 5 2013 17: 35
          +3
          Actually, we have already developed the "Cape" kit for a long time, apparently the time has come for her to appear in the army ...
        2. postman
          postman April 5 2013 18: 13
          +4
          Quote: Kars
          On the idea of ​​vectors, hinged camouflage kits should enter the troops - Naturally, a cape, Ternovnik.
          the USA and NATO also have a hinged camouflage


          Here the task is not only to hide in the optical range (the purpose of camouflage coloring), but also to reduce (scatter) the radar and infrared radiation of the object.




          In Germany, the company OGUS Netze und Virkvaren, which sells its products to other NATO countries, also produces and supplies camouflage nets for the Bundeswehr. The company’s specialists also developed mats that absorb and dissipate heat. They are used to protect objects from infrared reconnaissance of enemy along with camouflage networks. The latter, as a rule, are bilaterally colored, which greatly expands the range of their application.

          A typical representative of such a camouflage tool is the American lightweight kit LCSS (Lightweight Camouflage Screen System), which consists of two masks (hexagonal and diamond-shaped), support posts with heads, pins and connecting cords. The material used is polyester (for the basis of masks) and nylon tapes coated with polyvinyl chloride (for camouflage filling). The total weight of the kit is about 50 kg, the area covered by masks is 83 m2. With its help, camouflage of individual samples of combat vehicles and weapons systems is carried out.

          But there is one thing (or rather a LOT "but") but(unlike coloring):
          - thinly poor weight (optional)
          landmine, bushes, when overcoming obstacles = most likely it will blow
          -that to carry, store, install, requires a place, time and labor (logistics)
          -when applying BOV, bacteriological or nuclear weapons, all the muck will sit on this cloak (mesh) and ????

          The crew go to the OZK and gas masks? Before entering the base, wash, blow, dry?
          (anyway, what kind of washing machine is needed from Gryazuki, but this ariel (then we will go to you))
          -corrosion of metal parts of the MBT will increase ("greenhouse" effect and moisture)
          - I think under certain conditions (hammer cocktail? Cumulative) all this textile ( polyvinyl chloride coated nylon tapes) WILL BURN GOOD and / or maintain combustion, with emission of exhaust gases and "flowing where it is not necessary.
          - interferes with external modules and optoelectronic systems TsU and TsN, and what kind of a thread can jam ("chew")
          - Well, and so on and something like that.

          Will this principle (below) be better?
          1. Kars
            Kars April 5 2013 21: 19
            +3
            Quote: Postman
            Here the task is not only to hide in the optical range (the purpose of camouflage coloring), but also to reduce (scatter) the radar and infrared radiation of the object.

            One another is not a hindrance.

            The main thing is that the hinged kits are removable. And they can only be worn in a combat environment, and not in everyday maintenance. Camouflage and deforming colors still work only against optics, and now the dominance of lasers, thermal imagers, radars.

            so I think the tragedy in monochrome protective coatings is not worth doing.
      2. Kars
        Kars April 5 2013 14: 36
        +1
        _______________________
      3. Kars
        Kars April 5 2013 14: 36
        +1
        _________________________
    3. skeptic
      skeptic April 5 2013 15: 14
      +4
      Quote: vladsolo56
      There is a simple and very cheap solution, to produce a one-time disguise on a self-adhesive film. conditions changed quickly pasted a new film corresponding to the conditions and the battle.


      Actually, it’s not cheap, secondly, who will degrease before sticking, thirdly, the film burns well, and specialists need to stick on the mind anyway. A camouflage net is really a reusable thing, and if it is of several colors, then it’s all pretty. Among other things, you can insert objects of the environment into the grid.
  2. Denis
    Denis April 5 2013 07: 47
    +4
    The newspaper Izvestia seems to have launched another duck into the network, although it is still too early to talk about how true the information published by the publication will turn out to be.
    How would a pen talk with these jackals about not so much the benefit, about the need for camouflage? And exclusively by non-parliamentary methods. They staged a parade of idiocy
    Send them to the tigers, so that they would be proved that they do not need camouflage coloring. Would they eat the animals or they ... will not eat?
    Here, one woe-denouncer showed photos of S-300 inflatable mockups and tanks, glossy as representatives of those very minorities, giggled that they were going to fight
    1. maxvet
      maxvet April 5 2013 12: 47
      +2
      he sees everything about the inflatable knows
  3. dmitreach
    dmitreach April 5 2013 08: 03
    +6
    The article is correct, but the selection of photos pleased. good
    Moreover, this color has its drawbacks.

    oh! Especially when you are in a strange, colorful camouflage, and around - SUDDENLY winter ... (tell me, who knows what is on the fighters in the last photo? Backpack - flora)

    I stand on the pavement, I'm shod in skis ...
    1. Mairos
      Mairos April 5 2013 10: 55
      +1
      When suddenly winter ... there are camouflage robes, that is, winter camouflage suits - http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?text=%D0%B7%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5%20%

      D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BE%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%8B%D0%B5%20

      %D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8E%D0%BC%D1%8B&stype=image&lr=213&noreask=1&source=w

      iz
      1. dmitreach
        dmitreach April 5 2013 15: 14
        0
        I know. it’s just not customary to see colorful and bright camouflage as a winter one. It’s more common to see more pastel colors ...
        1. Joker
          Joker April 5 2013 15: 51
          0
          And we never had a normal lump, always some kind of crap came up. Like that number for example, the sense from it is zero.
  4. Hikar
    Hikar April 5 2013 09: 44
    +3
    hahaha really in the last photo an example of not deforming coloring but unmasking)))
  5. shurup
    shurup April 5 2013 09: 51
    +3
    At night, all the tanks are gray. Therefore, the color of the paint is black, matte.
    In the afternoon, the tank has the color of a camouflage net.
    Kantemirovsky and Taman tanks should be painted in the most atrocious colors to intimidate a potential enemy and attract boys to the ranks of the armed forces.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 5 2013 10: 25
      +2
      Quote: shurup
      At night, all the tanks are gray. Therefore, the color of the paint is black, matte.
      property of the human eye --- the worst thing in the dark are objects of a dark blue color
    2. alex shnajder
      alex shnajder April 19 2013 12: 16
      0
      yeah and on 22 chrome wheels))))
  6. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt April 5 2013 10: 18
    18
    Well, what about the Izvestia newspaper? There is military science, specialists, even if they bring their position to the leadership on this opinion. And no one can ban the initiative on the ground with any order, but in the photo there is a master of his affairs against the backdrop of his masterpiece.
    1. shurup
      shurup April 5 2013 11: 20
      +2
      In addition to color, there is also an infrared image and EPR, and the press is used to writing and confusing makeup with camouflage about women's fashion in Paris.
    2. ramzes1776
      ramzes1776 April 5 2013 17: 53
      +3
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      master of his craft against the backdrop of his masterpiece.

      It's cool. At first I didn’t understand where the trunk is good
  7. svp67
    svp67 April 5 2013 10: 23
    +1
    But the trouble is that camouflage paint maskes somewhere, and somewhere it unmasks. Maybe it’s time to take care of solving this issue on the other hand, at a more technological level?
  8. svp67
    svp67 April 5 2013 10: 26
    +1
    Quote: Thunderbolt
    Well, what about the Izvestia newspaper? There is military science, specialists, even if they bring their position to the leadership on this opinion. And no one can ban the initiative on the ground with any order, but in the photo there is a master of his affairs against the backdrop of his masterpiece.



    Cool, there was "eighty" and no "eighty", so a mound in the forest .. But the wooden "facing" of the trunk can catch fire from shots, it's not good ... And in the steppe this kind of disguise will cause disbelief.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 5 2013 10: 38
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      the wood "lining" of the trunk may catch fire
      ))) Thank you for your healthy criticism. There is asbestos fabric and fire-prevention impregnation of wood. Of course on construction sites, and not in field conditions, but as an option .... And you need to hide the trunk in a thermo-jacket.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 5 2013 12: 04
        +1
        Quote: Thunderbolt
        .Yes and you need to hide the barrel in a thermal jacket



        Alas, it burns, at one time the GSVG did something similar ...
    2. antiaircrafter
      antiaircrafter April 5 2013 10: 45
      +8
      Quote: svp67
      And in the steppe, this type of disguise will cause confusion.

      In the steppe, stretching to the area, the gopher will pull on the trunk.
      1. svp67
        svp67 April 5 2013 14: 10
        0
        Quote: antiaircrafter
        gopher will pull on the trunk.



        This is if only on the ZPU ... lol
      2. shurup
        shurup April 5 2013 16: 20
        0
        The gopher is not only fur, but also ... Take care, fighter, nature - it will come in handy!
  9. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya April 5 2013 10: 49
    0
    Yes, indeed, the color masking at a given time in a given area can be unmasked after half an hour and a kilometer to the left. It seems to me that disputes will not be thwarted until special camouflage devices like halagram, chameleon or invisibility appear, which will automatically adjust camouflage to this situation.
  10. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign April 5 2013 11: 36
    0
    dmitreach, welcome!
    On the guys with the photo, "camouflage slide", a special order for mountain rifle units, I don’t know who sewed it, I met my old friend 1,5-2 years ago in the same, serves in the FSIN. He asked: "Where did the little fillet come from?" he says he bought it by pull ...
  11. Terrible ensign
    Terrible ensign April 5 2013 11: 47
    +2
    Thunderbreaker! My teacher from the engineering school for your "tank" would definitely put "five balls", and then he would have dragged other study groups and showed how to disguise. It was true for a long time ... (SVVPTAU 1988-1992) I remember a joke from engineering training:
    He gave us 30 minutes to camouflage the l / s zod. Like playing hide and seek. He came and started looking for people. About fifteen people opened it in the first minute. The rest in five more minutes. The commander of the first squad lasted the longest. He was discovered because he was tired of holding the teacher on his own lower back and whined from under the sod: "Drag the lieutenant colonel, get off me, I give up! .." I also got five points. We thought that he deliberately stood on the chest. But no ... The means with which they were disguised. Fallen leaves, sod, bunches of grass, some pine bark. Tools for camouflage: MPL, army poncho, protective, one-color ...
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 5 2013 15: 09
      +1
      hi"A soldier of the Russian army is an unsurpassed master of camouflage and self-entrenching, as well as field fortification ..." --- From the book of General Friedrich von Mellenthin "Tank battles: 1939-1945")The film is funny bully
  12. carbofo
    carbofo April 5 2013 13: 49
    0
    http://topwar.ru/12182-novyy-kamuflyazh-dlya-amerikanskih-voennyh.html
    Here's another camouflage, I would like to see him live.
  13. Ascetic
    Ascetic April 5 2013 14: 56
    +2
    A bit of history

    "... The most powerful strike group was created on the northern wing, where the 3rd and 4th tank groups operated.
    ; -th Panzer Group, deployed in September 1941 from near Leningrad, was reinforced by tank units, previously intended for the army of General Rommel.
    Tanks, fancifully painted in light yellow and black colors of African sand, found themselves in green pine forests and in the snow-white fields of the Moscow Region.
    Tankers trained in special chambers where the temperature of the Libyan desert was maintained were sent to fight in the Russian snow. "
    (SN Sevryugov "So it was ...", Military Publishing House of the USSR Ministry of Defense, Moscow, 1957).
    The author is the chief of staff of the 2nd Guards Division. corps.

    "From the testimony of the captured Nazis, we learned that German and Italian units were operating in this direction. The troops of the notorious fascist general Rommel, hastily transferred to the Soviet-German front from Libya, are fighting here. It also became clear why they acted against us these days. yellow German tanks - the color of desert sand ..."

    MEKatukov "On the spearhead of the main blow".

    there were no troops of the African Corps near Moscow, all the more so since the end of 41st and the beginning of 42rd year in Africa there were strong battles with the British, therefore the troops were needed there no less than near Moscow. But the tanks were yellow, but of course not brought from Rommel, but released for the African corps in yellow. Simply from the factory tanks did not go to Africa, but near Moscow, without repainting. There were no palm trees on them either, because palm trees were drawn already in the troops.

    So in Germany, tanks were already painted at the factory ...
    When I served, I also had to deal with the truth, the hacks did not repaint, because the forest was around, but instead of palm trees on the armored personnel carrier they painted a guards badge, since the guard division.
    but for the 1990 parade special equipment for camouflage was painted ..
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt April 5 2013 19: 01
      0
      Quote: Ascetic
      in Germany tanks were already painted at the factory
      The campaign in France and small countries was carried out by German cars painted completely in dark gray. German technology after mid-1940 and until 1941 was painted completely in dark gray. Winter 1942/43 was as long and unorganized as the previous one. Again supplying washable white camouflage paste turned out to be inadequate and it was common practice to use a white lime coating. The supply of fuel, ammunition, new equipment and human reserves enjoyed a much higher priority than the supply of paint and local improvised means were therefore used until next spring. In the spring of 1942, after the white winter camouflage was washed off, the basic dark gray color of German technology was again exposed. The photographs, however, clearly show that in the spring and summer of 1942, more and more cars dotted with stains like pre-war camouflage patterns began to be found. Most of these extra spots were dark green, but pre-war dark brown tones were also used. Field commanders showed considerable tolerance in the issue of repainting equipment, realizing that multi-color, spotted camouflage, of course, was more effective than a plain dark gray color. Foliage, bundles of grass and hay were also often used to “dismember” the shape of the machines and allow them to fit better into the given landscape. Abundant smears of local mud were applied to many cars - this “coating” had to be renewed regularly, but it was very effective for camouflaging equipment in the area. During the fighting in the south of Russia - the Caucasus and Crimea, tropical camouflage was widely used using sand-colored paints, probably identical to the officially accepted colors used in Africa. The landscape and weather in southern Russia, especially in the summer, were very similar to the desert and coastal areas of North Africa and thus the use of tropical flowers was justified here. Quite often due to especially heavy losses in Russia, the technique painted in tropical colors (tan / gray-green or brown / gray) and intended for Africa, instead was directed to the eastern front. The growing justified dissatisfaction with the dark gray color among the front-line soldiers raised the question of the need for a new camouflage system for painting combat and transport vehicles. The theoretical premise that the technique will be hidden in the shade of trees and buildings in practice suffered a complete collapse. On the Eastern Front, German drivers had to move for weeks in open spaces and through small forests, where the dark gray color strongly contrasted with the background of the area.
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt April 5 2013 19: 05
        0
        The new camouflage was primarily proposed to be built on the basis of a lighter base color - dark yellow. All cars, tanks, and most of the weapons systems in factories were painted in this color. On top of the base color, it was proposed to apply masking spots of two additional colors - olive green (this was the color used by the Luftwaffe, but not for painting aircraft, but for ground structures and equipment) and red-brown (RAL 8017). These two colors, along with the main one, dark yellow, were produced in the form of a concentrated paste, somewhat reminiscent of shoe polish. The paste was packaged in 2 kg and 20 kg cans and military units had to order them according to their needs. Special tables were developed for them, which approximately indicated the required amount of paste in all three colors for each type of machinery or equipment. This was supposed to help the units order the right amount of paste. It is characteristic that the specific form of camouflage spots and the ratio of color areas with new orders were not limited, which allowed the field commanders themselves to determine the color of the machine depending on the circumstances and the theater of operations. The issues of choosing a pattern and camouflage application form were now lowered to the level of divisions or even battalions. In accordance with the order of NM 1943, No. 181 dated February 18, 1943, a three-color camouflage system was introduced, in which dark yellow was used as the main one. All equipment and large equipment had to be painted in dark yellow. Small additional equipment and equipment of machines (radios, tool boxes, containers, cans, trench tools, etc.) were allowed not to be repainted until further notice.
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt April 5 2013 19: 16
          +1
          The captured Soviet equipment, which continued to be widely used in the German troops, was also repainted in the spring of 1943 in the dark yellow Dunkel Gelb or the yellow paint was sprayed so that the base Soviet dark green (4BO) formed a two-color large-spotted camouflage with the newly applied paint. In the case of the overhaul of Soviet equipment in the German rear, German camouflage was applied to the dark yellow base color: green (RAL 6003) or brown (RAL 8017) streak spots. In winter, Soviet captured equipment, as well as German, had a protective white color.
  14. Sleptsoff
    Sleptsoff April 5 2013 16: 21
    0
    At the factory, paint in neutral colors, and choose a kamok depending on the location. Although I prefer solid colors more, it’s if from an aesthetic point of view, rather than functional.
  15. sdf3wresdgg
    sdf3wresdgg April 5 2013 16: 56
    0
    The base of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of all citizens of the Russian Federation on this site trunc.it/mll61 and the main thing was done as if to search for lost relatives, but here is all the information about each of us: correspondence with friends, addresses, phone numbers, place of work, and the worst thing is even mine nudity photo (though I do not know from where ...). In general, I was very scared - but there is such a function as "hide data" of course I used it and I advise everyone not to hesitate, you never know
  16. misterwulf
    misterwulf April 5 2013 19: 00
    0
    Informative
  17. воронов
    воронов April 5 2013 21: 32
    +1
    What is the argument about? Camouflage is needed !!! soldier
  18. Krasnoyarsk
    Krasnoyarsk April 5 2013 22: 09
    0
    Modern means of detection and observation in one place turned a camouflage, poorly applied by artisanal methods.
  19. wild_boar
    wild_boar April 9 2013 19: 12
    0
    http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2013/899/dqso515.jpg