Military Review

International Arms Trade Treaty: a blank document or a draft against Russia?

35
April 2, 2013 - in effect, the date historical, - the UN General Assembly held a vote on the International Trade Agreement weapons (ATT). For the resolution that gives the draft ATT the final status, 154 states voted. Syria, Iran and North Korea spoke out against the adoption of the document: for some reason they believe that the document will allow major arms exporters to dictate their terms. In addition, the Syrian government understands perfectly well: the ATT will not become an obstacle to arming the so-called "opposition" by the states of the West and the Persian Gulf. Because of three votes “against” consensus was not reached, and the document was put to the vote of the General Assembly. Twenty-three more countries, including the Russian Federation, Belarus, Bolivia, Venezuela, China and Cuba, abstained. The resolution calls on “all states to consider signing the Treaty” and joining it “as soon as possible, in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures”. All types of conventional weapons (Tanks, armored vehicles, large-caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft and helicopters, warships, missiles and missile launchers, small arms and light weapons). Control will also be exercised over the export of ammunition and spare parts for military equipment. The ATT will be open for signature on June 3 and will enter into force provided that fifty UN member states ratify it.


Before the vote, the permanent representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, Comrade. Churkin saidthat the draft ATT "has significant flaws, as well as provisions that cause at least doubts and questions."

The fact is that Russia proposed to include in the draft Treaty a provision on the prohibition of the supply of weapons to “unauthorized non-state actors”. However, Western countries did not agree.

According to Comrade Churkin, the lack of a relevant provision in the document “will inevitably affect the effectiveness of the implementation of the ATT”. The Permanent Representative believes that the draft treaty contains “some positive moments”, but does not reach the standards of the arms trade, which are already used “not only in Russia, but also in many other countries.” Comrade Churkin said: "We intend to work out the draft treaty in Moscow in the most thorough way, after which we will decide on the expediency of joining it."

In principle, the document contains a provision according to which, after 6 years after the entry into force of the Treaty, “any State Party may propose amendments”. These amendments will be considered at the ATT conferences every three years. But who will accept the Russian amendments?

In contrast to Comrade Churkin, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary General, warmly welcomed the approval by the General Assembly of the WTD project.

Organization Secretary General expressed confidencethat the treaty will become a powerful new tool to prevent gross violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. The ATT, in its opinion, will add momentum to global disarmament efforts, as well as help combat weapons from falling into illicit trafficking.

Ban Ki-moon called the ATLA "balanced and durable" agreement, despite the opposite remarks made by the delegations of a number of UN member states, including the Russian permanent representative V. Churkin.

Как explained Mikhail Ulyanov, director of the Russian Foreign Ministry’s security and disarmament department, who led the Russian delegation at negotiations on the ATT, Russia abstained from voting because the text contains insubstantial wording: “We have a certain disappointment that the agreement, declaring good goals, essentially turned out pretty empty. There are many slogans, but not much concrete. Tasks are formulated only in general terms. And how exactly to implement them, the contract does not give the submission. " Comrade Ulyanov said this in an interview with the Kommersant newspaper. Like V. Churkin, he noted that Russia did not succeed in securing the rule in the Treaty, according to which weapons cannot be delivered to unauthorized non-state actors.

Russia unsuccessfully tried to include in the draft ATT a provision on the inadmissibility of its “re-export” (re-sale). "Russia stands for the suppression of the flow of arms from controlled legal inter-country circulation into uncontrolled illegal circulation, - He explained Sergey Denisantsev, an expert at the Center for the Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, told the Nezavisimaya Gazeta correspondent. - Russia offered the rest of the countries to adopt its system of export licensing and control over the supplied weapons. We are talking about, for example, the introduction of an end-user certificate, indicating that a weapon acquired by an importer cannot be transferred to third parties. Or about the impossibility of exporting weapons without the sanction of the president, as is customary in Russia. ”

In the case of signing the ATT 3 June, the export of weapons in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty will be banned if suspected, if the weapon can be used for genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes. Arms supplying countries will have to ensure that their products do not go to the black market and to terrorists. However, the Syrian ambassador to the UN, Bashar Jafari, did not in vain remind him that his country was not satisfied with the absence in the text of the Treaty of mention of non-state terrorist groups, because some of the countries supporting the Treaty, According to him, "Are actively involved in supplying terrorist groups in Syria with various types of lethal weapons."

However, the signing of the draft by fifty countries, in the words of Denissentsev, is “the second part of the epic”. After all, the process of ratification of the ATT “may take several years until parliaments of at least fifty countries approve it. Difficulties with the passage of an ATT are expected not only in the US Congress, but also, say, in the Indian Parliament ... ”

As told "Kommersant" an anonymous participant of the Conference on the preparation of the MLTO, the practical effect of the Treaty will manifest itself mainly in the field of transparency of the world arms trade. Affiliate countries will be required to report annually on deliveries of eight categories of weapons. Today, less than 40% of states submit relevant information to the UN voluntary register of conventional weapons.

Vadim Kozyulin, PIR Center expert, clarifiesthat in the ATT there is no mechanism for monitoring the execution of the contract and punishment for its violators. The right to impose sanctions on suppliers will remain the UN Security Council. In addition, each exporting country will, as before, determine for itself whether there is a risk that the importing state will use weapons for “serious human rights violations” or “genocide”, the interpretation of which is not agreed in the text.

Mikhail Ulyanov, who mentioned the press that the Russian proposals did not pass, mentioned: “Probably, someone wants to be able to supply weapons to anti-government groups in countries where the regimes are inconvenient for someone.” On the question of whether Russia will join the ATT, a diplomat answered: “We need to make sure that the treaty will not create for us any problems for the legitimate arms trade.”

In this connection, the opinion of V. Kozyulin, which Recallsthat the authorship of the ATT is owned by former British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw. The expert suggests that the reason for him to try to bring to the logical conclusion of the initiative in the field of global control over the arms trade was the realization that the list of countries covered by the EU arms embargo has always been much wider than the list of countries subject to similar UN sanctions. In practice, this meant that the EU, China, Belarus, Myanmar, Sudan and Syria under the arms embargo could easily buy weapons from “less scrupulous” suppliers, and first of all from Russia. The EU did not like this situation, the expert believes.

That’s why Russia's accession to the ATT is very problematic. If the contract is developed by the West and takes into account the interests of the West to the detriment of the interests of Moscow, then probably it should be measured seven times - and ... not cut off. Let us recall the words of the wise comrade Churkin: "We intend to work out the draft treaty in Moscow in the most thorough way, after which we will decide on the expediency of joining it."

Remember the first day of signing: 3 June. Why is the date so important? Yes, because 31 may expire on an arms embargo on the opposing sides in Syria. And the hotheads from the EU - the Frenchman Hollande and the Englishman Cameron - previously stated their desire to even break the embargo.

As for Russia, after May 31, it can, on quite legal grounds, supply the “Assad regime” with a variety of weapons. It will be impossible to predict whether the Kremlin will deliver something to Damascus or not. It is only known that, given this opportunity, Bashar Asad recently turned to the BRICS countries for help. The Chinese can also help the government and the people of Syria withstand the fight against terrorists, mercenaries and bearded gangsters. With the very ones who in the West are listed as liberators and fighters against the “genocide” arranged by President Al-Assad to his long-suffering people. Only in order for Russia or China to help Assad, they will have to refuse to sign a dubious ATT.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
35 comments
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  1. Ragnarek
    Ragnarek April 8 2013 08: 39 New
    29
    Why vote for the adoption of a document that the United States and the EU will not fulfill, for others they will require its unconditional execution. no fools
    1. INTER
      INTER April 8 2013 09: 04 New
      10
      More than once I am convinced that international laws are written for Russia. Like our laws for poor citizens. In contrast to them, we have at least a positive trend!
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko April 8 2013 10: 00 New
        0
        154 states voted. Syria, Iran and North Korea opposed the adoption of the document. Twenty-three other countries, including the Russian Federation, Belarus, Bolivia, Venezuela, China and Cuba, abstained.

        Ну не понятно, почему РФ очередной раз "воздержалась" а не категорически против? sad
        Может всёж не наши интересы отстаивает посол:На официальном уровне "мы" именуемся Российская Федерация (Russian Federation) А всё, что нас окружает зовётся Россия, МЧС России, ВС России, Российская Олимпийская сборная, Российские спортсмены и тд.
        The Russian Federation is in confrontation with Russia? crying
        1. dmitrich
          dmitrich April 8 2013 10: 26 New
          +7
          and why should Russia categorically against it? If you don’t like it, don’t sign it, nothing bad will happen. On the contrary, we will be able to sell Syria’s weapons whatever it wants.
          1. Uhalus
            Uhalus April 8 2013 11: 16 New
            0
            The trouble is that sooner or later this law will be adopted :( Russia over the past 20 years has ceased to seriously resist the laws and decisions against it. Even if ours somehow rock the boat, the Yusovtsy and their henchmen will squeeze.
            1. alex-defensor
              alex-defensor April 8 2013 13: 54 New
              0
              http://topwar.ru/26363-mezhdunarodnyy-dogovor-o-torgovle-oruzhiem-dokument-pusty
              shka-ili-proekt-protiv-rossii.html


              And that's it!!!
          2. Papakiko
            Papakiko April 8 2013 13: 05 New
            +2
            Quote: Dmitry
            If you don’t like it, don’t sign it, nothing bad will happen. On the contrary, we will be able to sell Syria’s weapons whatever it wants.

            Russia intended to include in the draft Treaty a provision banning the supply of weapons to "unauthorized non-state actors." However, Western countries did not agree with this.
            Видимо вы не видите очевидности в "Казнить, нельза помиловать".
            Из этого документа следует, что "экспорт ревволюций" усилится и в дальнейшем "походу", не будет подпадать уже под ограничения и санкции.
            Absolutely wildly выглядит не желание "демократий" ограничивать торговлю исключительно «неуполномоченным негосударственным субъектам». Без этой формулировки (формулировок)можно продавать любым "покупателям" все виды боевой техники и вооружения (Кроме ЯО и СДЯВ, "Массового поражения").
            Не отдалённое будущее выглядит всё "радужнее и радужнее".
        2. to water
          to water April 8 2013 14: 55 New
          +1
          "Ну не понятно, почему РФ очередной раз "воздержалась" а не категорически против?"

          Правильно воздержались. Нельзя этим волчарам давать повод обвинить нас в агрессии и развязывании войны. Мы же его не ратифицируем, а предлагаем дополнить, т.к. в нем усматривается "система двойных стандартов". Проголосовать против всегда успеем. Бей гадов их же оружием!!!
    2. Alexander-81
      Alexander-81 April 8 2013 10: 41 New
      +2
      Hello everyone, in the truest sense of the word! To paraphrase a bit, why vote for ((WORLD PARTY) UNacists).
      1. Sirocco
        Sirocco April 8 2013 11: 53 New
        +4
        Я скажу намного грубо. ООН давно уже несправляется со своими обязанностями. Стала такой организацией где большинство "дружат" против меньшинства, и неугодных. ООН в моем понимание стала организацией политических проституток. Как то так. Пора у неё убрать последнюю букву. Получится 00, кажется сейчас эта организация так выглядит.
        1. Landwarrior
          Landwarrior April 8 2013 12: 13 New
          +2
          Quote: Sirocco
          Я скажу намного грубо. ООН давно уже несправляется со своими обязанностями. Стала такой организацией где большинство "дружат" против меньшинства, и неугодных. ООН в моем понимание стала организацией политических проституток. Как то так. Пора у неё убрать последнюю букву. Получится 00, кажется сейчас эта организация так выглядит.

          ООН щас превратилась в подобие Лиги Наций, которая "была Лига, а вышла фига". В Лиге "рулили" бритиши с фрэнчами при поддержке янки, щас рулят единолично янки, только и всего разницы. request
          1. Papakiko
            Papakiko April 8 2013 12: 52 New
            +2
            Quote: Landwarrior
            ООН щас превратилась в подобие Лиги Наций, которая "была Лига, а вышла фига". В Лиге "рулили" бритиши с фрэнчами при поддержке янки, щас рулят единолично янки, только и всего разницы.

            Это понятно и ясно со дня организации, что ООн это требуна для "бла-бла-бла" и "завуалирования" разных "интересностей" (например "Безпилотная зона над Ливией" или войска ООН в Корее).

            I'm worried about something else:
            Quote: Papakiko
            почему РФ очередной раз "воздержалась" а не категорически против?
    3. mladenec
      mladenec April 8 2013 16: 51 New
      +2
      which the us and the eu will not fulfill
      As far as I know, the PSA is so insidious that they do not violate more than one law, they (laws including international ones) initially write stupidly for themselves !!!!!
    4. Artmark
      Artmark April 8 2013 23: 30 New
      0
      And I think not only this law is against the Russian Federation, but the UN is created against Russia! hi
  2. Romn
    Romn April 8 2013 08: 44 New
    0
    The West is increasingly trying to subjugate and tighten the nuts. But no matter how they twisted, and the thread would not be ripped off. Time will tell...
  3. Yashka Gorobets
    Yashka Gorobets April 8 2013 08: 45 New
    12
    Многолетняя практика показала,что все международные законы направлены на ограничение России, штаты и прочие западные "демократии" постоянно плюют на них когда им удобно.
  4. treskoed
    treskoed April 8 2013 08: 47 New
    +3
    Even before the vote, the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations, Comrade Churkin said that the draft ATT “has significant flaws, as well as provisions causing at least doubts and questions.”
    In this case, do not sign the contract !!!
  5. lechatormosis
    lechatormosis April 8 2013 08: 52 New
    +4
    Medvedev can sign anything, including this stupid document (his recent friendly meeting with the Estonian prime minister, thereby organizing the demolition of the BRONZE SOLDIER to confirm this)
    I hope Putin has enough common sense not to sign such opuses.
    1. Batman
      Batman April 8 2013 13: 18 New
      0
      how would it all be turned behind Putin ...
  6. ramsi
    ramsi April 8 2013 09: 00 New
    +4
    Russia has long been time, except with its allies, to sign nothing else!
    1. zao74
      zao74 April 8 2013 09: 40 New
      +2
      Russia has two allies, an army and a navy. Alexander the third said, if I’m not mistaken.
      1. sergius60
        sergius60 April 8 2013 11: 34 New
        +1
        Yes, exactly HE!
  7. SCS
    SCS April 8 2013 09: 06 New
    +2
    along the way, the essence of the document comes down to legally supplying the bandits with the necessary weapons and using the hands of the same bandits to try to arrange a world democratic revolution .... to try is because they are likely to overtake in Syria, and it will be clear from whether they will sign Russia and China, this agreement or not, and therefore we will legally help Assad or not !!!!!!!!!
  8. Vrungel78
    Vrungel78 April 8 2013 09: 09 New
    +2
    “Probably someone wants to be able to supply weapons to anti-government groups in countries where regimes are inconvenient for others.”
    I wonder who this someone is? I’m afraid it seems unoriginal, but I think that they are American doldons, mean English women, French sub-people, and others like them. They want to legitimize their lawlessness.
  9. fenix57
    fenix57 April 8 2013 09: 17 New
    +1
    "Only so that Russia or China could help Assad, they will have to refuse to sign the dubious MTT."-так о чем речь. Асад для России необходим.А все эти документы от ООН и пишутся с «имеются значительные изъяны, а также положения, вызывающие по меньшей мере сомнения и вопросы» для того, чтобы гос-ва члены НАТО могли эти самые "правила" игнорировать.Ведь эти гос-ва за принятие.
  10. Corsair5912
    Corsair5912 April 8 2013 09: 29 New
    0
    The ATT was signed by NATO member countries, Yusov puppets and those who have nothing to trade.
    The treaty, like the UN itself, along with Ban Ki-moon, is necessary for NATO and the Yussians exclusively as an instrument, as an occasion for making claims to their competitors and rivals in the arms trade.
    The content of the treaty is irrelevant, neither NATO nor the USA are fulfilling any international treaties if they contradict their selfish interests.
  11. erased
    erased April 8 2013 09: 39 New
    0
    Ясен пень, голосовать "за" нет смысла. Второй ясный пень - надо продавливать собственный вариант договора. Особо пункт насчет запрета реэкспорта. А то опять бабки потеряем.
  12. Romn
    Romn April 8 2013 09: 46 New
    0
    The United States, together with its reticence, is once again in a hurry trying to create a law that, in their opinion, will exert influence and pressure (in this case, Russia) and will accordingly untie its hands in their excesses, they openly act in their own interests without hiding this at all. They no longer know what to do, mired in their own problems and insolent from impunity. What and all this will lead to, in the end, time will tell, you just have to wait ...
  13. as3wresdf
    as3wresdf April 8 2013 09: 57 New
    -2
    The base of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of all citizens of the Russian Federation on this site twitlink.ws/baza and the main thing was done as if to search for lost relatives, but here is all the information about each of us: correspondence with friends, addresses, phones, place of work, and the worst thing is even mine nudity photo (though I do not know from where ...). In general, I was very scared - but there is such a function as "hide data" of course I used it and I advise everyone not to hesitate, you never know
  14. CTEPX
    CTEPX April 8 2013 09: 57 New
    +3
    This agreement is simply necessary for the proper organization of a new world war)).
    Since the new collective Hitler elected illegal armed groups of a certain religious color. Their weapons are planned (and produced) from the arsenals of the defeated nation-states. Channels of financial pumping worked out. But in order to limit the possible military assistance to the present and future victim states from the states that have not yet been attacked, such an agreement is being prepared)).
  15. as3wresdf
    as3wresdf April 8 2013 09: 58 New
    -1
    The base of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of all citizens of the Russian Federation on this site twitlink.ws/baza and the main thing was done as if to search for lost relatives, but here is all the information about each of us: correspondence with friends, addresses, phones, place of work, and the worst thing is even mine nudity photo (though I do not know from where ...). In general, I was very scared - but there is such a function as "hide data" of course I used it and I advise everyone not to hesitate, you never know
    1. Heccrbq
      Heccrbq April 8 2013 10: 13 New
      +1
      Baran, went off with his base!
  16. Svatdevostator
    Svatdevostator April 8 2013 10: 18 New
    0
    Let’s hope that the BRICS countries will help Syria with weapons, and she will be prodded by a bearded man !!
  17. amp
    amp April 8 2013 10: 22 New
    +1
    Russia will sell whatever it wants to whom it wants.
    And an organization of 3 letters, let it go by 3 letters.
  18. Krapovy32
    Krapovy32 April 8 2013 10: 54 New
    +1
    Syria needs our help now. And if China joins, then Assad will throw this rabble out of Syria. He would have a bigger soldier.
  19. Tartary
    Tartary April 8 2013 11: 10 New
    +2
    Quote: Speckled32
    Syria needs our help now. And if China joins, then Assad will throw this rabble out of Syria. He would have a bigger soldier.

    Где ж ему побольше взять? Неужто вам русских срочников хочется обкатать на "бородачах"?
    Those who are supposed to be there, either already there, or will be when the time comes ...

    And then we will soon agree to the point that if our soldiers are not there, then Russia will betray Syria - so what? ...
  20. Sinbad
    Sinbad April 8 2013 11: 28 New
    +1
    Обсуждаемый договор - явная ловушка для дураков. Так давайте включим разум и не полезем в капкан. И хватит оглядываться на мнение запада; оно было положительным, только когда "горби" почти уничтожил Россию, уничтожив СССР.
    And Syria needs help, but I agree with the previous comment: our guys have nothing to do there, their lives are more expensive. We need help with weapons, finances, and most importantly - in the political and informational arena, where we constantly lose.
  21. serzhserzh86
    serzhserzh86 April 8 2013 11: 37 New
    +2
    Signing a treaty by Russia is tantamount to surrendering all its allies with one motion of the hand ...
  22. Boris55
    Boris55 April 8 2013 13: 21 New
    +4
    У англичан есть пословица: "Настоящий джентльмен всегда играет по правилам! Если при существующих правилах джентльмен не может выиграть, он меняет правила - и выигрывает!"

    Only Russia began to win the martial arts competitions - they are being canceled.
    Only Russia began to occupy a leading position in the sale of weapons - the rules are changing.

    Право "джентльмена" обеспечено экономической мощью за чужой счёт и силой их армии.
    Gentlemen understand only power, and Russia must become strong and show this bald lion cub with a plucked chicken where their place is.
  23. VadimSt
    VadimSt April 8 2013 16: 28 New
    0
    И Россия, и Китай, и другие воздержавшиеся, поступили правильно! Сказать "НЕТ" - это самоустранится от переговорного процесса и не иметь возможности, в дальнейшем, влиять на процесс обсуждения и принятия окончательного решения. Будет принято решение, без мнения воздержавшихся - оно юридически будет направленно в ущерб суверенитета и национальных интересов для этих стран, что выходит за рамки международных договоров.
  24. savastyanov
    savastyanov April 8 2013 17: 55 New
    0
    This treaty is in the interest of NATO and their imperial policy, and nobody will consider the amendments of Russia !!! although I think the international arms trade has required tight regulation for a very long time.
  25. albert
    albert April 9 2013 20: 46 New
    0
    It is just that our Duma must not ratify this treaty and deal with the end.