Smith & Wesson 9 / 39 59 Guns
Smith & Wesson, a world famous company, was founded a century and a half ago, in 1852, by two American gunsmiths Horace Smith and Daniel B. Wesson in Norwich, Connecticut. Since then, for most people, the name of this one of the most famous American arms firms has always been associated with the revolvers of the same name. And this is true, until the middle of the last century, this was true.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 39
During the years of World War II alone, Smith & Wesson released more than one million Smith & Wesson .38 revolvers Military & Police for the American and British armies. And only after 1945, did this firm return to producing civilian weapons, including self-loading pistols.
In 1948, the high command of the US armed forces attempted to replace the outdated .45 Kolt М1911 А1 armed with a new, more modern weapon. For this, a special competition was organized, which included extensive testing of the proposed samples. In 1949, specifically for this purpose, at the initiative of Smith & Wesson’s executive director, C. Hellstrem, all weapons production was moved to Springfield in new, more spacious buildings. By this time, Smith & Wesson, whose management had long dreamed of receiving a large military order, had already created prototypes of a self-loading pistol with a single-action firing mechanism. This weapon was tested along with samples from other firms at the Springfield Armory military factory, which at that time belonged to the state. However, the trials that started with great fanfare were not even brought to completion, since the Pentagon suddenly changed its mind, deciding to keep the Colt pistols and 1911 A1 pistols as a weapon of units and subunits of the US Army. Not even five years passed, however, as in 1953, they again started talking about replacing the Colt pistol. And again, like last time, the Smith & Wesson company was ready to test a prototype of a pistol with a double-action firing mechanism, borrowed from the German "Walter" R.38. It was developed by the firm’s leading designer, Joseph Norman, and became the first pistol in the US with a self-cocking (for the first shot) firing mechanism. The new gun, designed to use the pistol cartridge 9x19 "Parabellum", made a good impression on the experts.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 39-2
The Colt firm, Smith & Wesson's main competitor in the struggle for profitable army orders, developed the Colt pistol (Commander model) specifically for the army, was not asleep either. However, as last time, the tests that had already begun were again canceled.
The Colt M 1911A1 pistol remained in service in the US, and Smith & Wesson, in turn, tried to conquer the civilian market with its new products (strictly speaking, there was simply nothing else left for it). She proposed two models at once in 1958 - the 39 M, with a self-cocking trigger mechanism (double action) and its variant - the 44 M, with a single action trigger mechanism. So there were first-generation Smith & Wesson pistols.
The principle of operation of the automatic gun M 39 - the use of recoil energy in the short course of the barrel. Coupling of the barrel with the bolt was carried out by one protrusion on the upper surface of the barrel for the groove on the inner surface of the housing and bolt, locking - lowering the barrel according to the Browning scheme, with the interaction of an inclined protrusion in the lower rear part of the barrel with grooves in the frame of the gun. The sight sight had a micrometric adjustment in two planes. Shop box-shaped, single-row with a capacity of 8 cartridges. The frame of the serial 39 M pistols was made of aluminum alloy, and the valve cover was made of steel. They were covered with blue bluing. The second version of the 39 M pistol had a steel frame and bolt cover. But it was released in very limited quantities - about 900 units. The pistol M 39, intended for the civilian market, received the cheeks of the handle from the walnut tree, while in the service version of the cheek the handles were made of black plastic.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 52
The new Smith & Wesson M 39 pistol proved so reliable and had such a high precision of combat that its version, entirely made of stainless steel, was purchased in 1968 for the units of the special operations forces of the US Navy - "sea lions". This weapon was widely used by American saboteurs during the Vietnam War. However, the firm managed to achieve a breakthrough only in 1967, when the Illinois State Police Department accepted the 39 M pistol as a service weapon and announced the rearmament of all personnel with this sample. This decision served as a kind of signal for the police leadership of other states. A chain reaction began: US law enforcement agencies almost without exception began to move from the outdated Colt and Smith & Wesson 6-charging revolvers to self-loading M 39 pistols. The dam was broken, and at Smith & Wesson Inc. a flurry of orders collapsed. The company produced 39 M pistols from 1954 to 1966 a year.
In 1966, an improved version of the pistol appeared in the USA, which was designated as "M 39-1". This gun differed from its predecessor only in the presence of a lightweight alloy frame. Pistols M 39-1 produced in 1966 - 1971's. In 1971, they were replaced in production by another version of the Smith & Wesson Model 39-2 pistol, which had only an improved extractor, all other structural elements remained the same as in the M 39-1 model. In addition to these models, another version of the 39 M pistol, the Model 44 with a single-action trigger, was produced in very small quantities.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 59 (sports version)
Despite the annual growth in production, the demand for weapons of this type did not fall, so in the same year, 1971, Smith & Wesson presented to potential customers its new gun “model 59”, which was often called the elder brother of M 39. He made up with his predecessor the so-called "first generation" Smith & Wesson pistols. The upgraded 59 M pistol was specifically designed at the request of the police and other US law enforcement agencies, as the police leadership rightly believed that the 39 model's 8-magazine capacity was completely insufficient for a standard police weapon. Therefore, the upgraded pistol was a variant of the popular “model 39” pistol, but with an increased two-row magazine with a capacity of 14 cartridges. It was also designed to use the Parabellum cartridge 9х19. The sight sight in the pistol M 59 could be moved using the adjusting screw. Another difference was the pistol grip with a straightened back, the rest of its design was identical to the "39 model."
The Smith & Wesson 59 M pistol possessed high combat and service-performance qualities and soon gained universal sympathy not only as a civilian short-barreled weapon, but also as a service sample in US law enforcement agencies. Many United States police units and services began to rearm with 59 M pistols. Smith & Wesson Inc. produced 9-mm pistols M 59 from 1971 to July 1982, inclusive.
Smiths & Wesson second generation pistols
Smith & Wesson 9 / 439 469 Guns
In 1978, the US Department of Defense announced the third competition to create a new model of service pistol to replace the outdated Colt M 1911 A1 pistol of .45 caliber and Smith & Wesson M 15 caliber of XXUMUM caliber that had been used by various army units and subunits for decades. , and invited the largest manufacturers of weapons to take part in the tests. At the same time, a number of requirements were put forward, which, in the opinion of the military, had to meet new weapons. The prospect of getting almost the largest for all history The existence of a military order led Smith & Wesson to substantially revise the design of its pistols. As is known, the army tests won the Italian gun "Beretta" 92F, but the firm Smith & Wesson could not allow significant funds spent on the development of a competitive model, were in vain, so she had to focus their efforts on the civilian market.
Incomplete disassembly of the gun Smith & Wesson M 39
In 1981, Smith & Wesson discontinued the production of 39 and 59 pistols, as well as their variants. They were replaced by new models 439, 539, 459 and 559. Now in the Smith & Wesson pistols, the first figure meant the frame material, the next two were the old model numbers. The first models in accordance with this system were models 39 and 59. The figure "4" meant a frame made of lightweight aluminum alloy, "5" - made of carbon steel. The second and third digits meant the caliber, frame size and magazine capacity: for example, “59” - a 9 caliber pistol mm with a double-row magazine with a capacity of 14 cartridges; "39" - mm 9 caliber with single row 8 ammunition magazine capacity.
Pistols of the second generation differed from their predecessors in different materials used for the manufacture of the frame and casing-bolt; more advanced sights; rejection of the use of a separate muzzle gate clutch; and some other features, however, they basically remained structurally identical to the 39 and 59 models. The bevel of the chamber in these pistols was made longer and flatter, which ensured a steady supply of X-NUMX-mm Parabellum cartridges from the magazine to the chamber with any type of bullets, which was important for military weapons.
For the first series M 439 pistols, the trigger guard had a rounded shape, but since 1984, this weapon has been produced only with a rectangular safety bracket.
The X-NUMX M-gun was covered in blue-blued, the handle cheeks were made of nylon-based plastic. On sale came the options with constant and variable sighting device. In addition, the buyer could choose an option with a one-way or two-sided flag-type fuse on the casing-gate. Prior to 459, this pistol also had a rounded trigger guard, which later acquired a rectangular shape. The dimensions of the 1984 M pistol are the same as those of the 459 M, but despite the presence of a lightweight alloy frame, the new version turned out to be even slightly heavier than its predecessor. Smith & Wesson also produced nickel-plated 59 M, but the number of these pistols was insignificant.
Covertly wearing a Smith & Wesson M 469 pistol in a “operational” holster in a belt
Pistol M 559, made entirely of carbon steel, was available in two versions: with a constant and variable sighting device. A total of 3750 pistols of this model were manufactured.
In 1983, the American gunsmiths mastered the production of another 9 mm M 469 "Mini Gun" pistol with a self-retracting trigger mechanism, which represented a shortened version of the 459 M for concealed carrying as a second (spare) pistol. It was designed in accordance with the requirements of the US Air Force and had a shortened frame, barrel and handle, with a two-row magazine with a capacity of 12 cartridges. The 469 M pistol had the same curved, as the 459 M, rear end of the handle and a safety bracket adapted for shooting with two hands. In this model, the trigger was missing a needle, which during arming could interfere, and its upper surface was made corrugated to facilitate the platoon.
From 1982, the company began to develop a new series of pistols, for the production of which only special grades of stainless steels were used (this was required by the situation on the arms market). Two new pistols were assigned model numbers 639 and 659. However, the second-generation stainless steel Smith & Wesson pistol hit the civilian market only in 1984.
At the same time, the 639 model M entered the market in two versions with a one-way or two-way flag-breaker mounted on the cover-casing. At the first samples of these pistols, the trigger guard had a rounded shape, but since 1985, it has become rectangular.
A version of the 559 model M, made entirely of stainless steel, under the designation M 659 was completed with a variable or fixed sighting device, while there were also versions of it with a one-sided or two-sided safety lever.
In 1986, a new Smith & Wesson M 669 pistol appeared in the US arms market. It was a twelve-shot compact version of the 659 M pistol with a double-action trigger mechanism and a 89 mm barrel. The frame of the gun was made of aluminum alloy, and the housing-bolt - stainless steel. The open mechanical sight was regulated only in the horizontal plane. The cheeks of the handle received a new design - instead of two separate cheeks (left and right), made of plastic or wood, a single piece was now mounted - the pistol grip, which was the left and right cheeks, connected by a back wall. Now the handle cheeks were made of a new grade of plastic “Delrin” (polymethylene oxide) manufactured by Du Pont, which, along with their narrower shape, significantly improved the retention of the weapon in the hand.
From the very beginning, Smith & Wesson specialized in the production of pistols exclusively for the Parabellum 9x19 cartridges. This situation changed only in 1984, when the prevailing market conditions prompted Smith & Wesson to launch a pistol made entirely of stainless steel and designed to use the most common American pistol cartridge - .45 AKP.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 669
The new pistol was an enlarged modification of the Parabellum 9 caliber pistol. The total length of this model with an enlarged frame is almost the same as that of its main rival - the Colt pistol M 1911 A1 Government, but the handle is slightly wider and the self-firing double-action firing mechanism. In addition, this eight-charge pistol, designated M 645, did not have a separate barrel sleeve, instead it had a tide from the muzzle, the outlines of which were fitted to the internal profile of the casing-bolt. The safety clip of the gun was made rectangular and provided with a notch on the front surface. Mushka had a red plastic insert.
The safety catch was copied from 439 / 559 M models of the 9 caliber Parabellum. When it was turned on, the trigger of the gun went down and did not touch the drummer. At the request of the buyer, the model could be equipped with a safety lever with both its one-sided and two-sided arrangement. The design of the gun and the presence of an automatic fuse, which ceased to block the drummer, only when the trigger was squeezed to the end. This meant that even with a fully cocked trigger a shot can be made only by pressing the trigger. In the event of an accidental breakdown of the trigger (for example, as a result of wear of the working surfaces of the sear, sliding of a finger during a careless cocking or falling of the weapon), a shot will not occur. Pistols of this type were also supplied with a magazine fuse that blocked the trigger when the magazine was removed. The store itself had numbered holes on the case, through which the shooter can see how many cartridges are left in the store. There were a significant number of variants of the 645 model, many of which remained in production for only a few years.
Third Generation Smith & Wesson Pistols
In 1988, Smith & Wesson began its project to improve self-loading pistols, designated "AIP". As a result of these works, in which both professional designers and many users of Smith & Wesson pistols, including military personnel, police officers and athletes, so-called third generation pistols appeared in 1990, they participated. They differed from their predecessors along with an improved trigger mechanism with new calibers, a more modern exterior design, which, however, was more cosmetic than constructive.
The third-generation pistols have again changed the numbering system of models (instead of three figures - four). The first two digits now denoted the basic model or the corresponding caliber: "39" (9-mm with single-row magazines on 8 cartridges); "59" (9-mm with two-row magazines on 15 cartridges); and "69" (9-mm compact, with two-row magazines on 12 cartridges); and pointed to pistols chambered for 9x19, "10" - for pistols chambered for 10 mm Auto, "40" - on .40 SW and "45" - on .45 AKP. The third digit indicated the type of firing mechanism and frame size: “O” (with double-action firing mechanism with safety catch / trigger release lever); "1" (with double action trigger with safety catch / trigger lever, compact); "2" (with a double-action trigger mechanism, only with the safety trigger lever on the frame); "3" (with a double-action trigger mechanism, only with the safety trigger lever on the frame); "4" (with a double action trigger only); "5" (with a double-action trigger only, compact); "6" (with a double action trigger with safety catch / trigger lever); "7" (with a double-acting trigger mechanism, only with a lever for safe descent of the trigger on the frame, compact); "8" (with a double action trigger only). The fourth digit designated the frame material (covers-gates on all models - from stainless steel): "3" - a light anodized frame from a light aluminum alloy; "4" - blued frame made of lightweight aluminum alloy; "5" - carbon steel frame; "6" - stainless steel frame.
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 3914 LS (Ledysmith)
The Smith & Wesson pistols of the new series were created on the basis of existing models, designed for the 9 mm Parabellum cartridge. At the same time, new designs developed for the .40 SW cartridge based on 9 mm caliber pistols and 10 Auto mm caliber based on .45 caliber pistols (with an enlarged frame) appeared.
In 1988, Smith & Wesson Inc. introduced its latest generation of third-generation pistols 3900 and 5900.
Currently, the third generation Smith & Wesson pistol family includes over 70 models designed to use seven rounds (9x19 Parabellum, 921, .356 SW, 10 mm Auto, .40 SW, .45 ASR). These pistols are available in seven basic versions: standard (service); military; compact; ultracompact; “thin” (ultra-compact with a single-row magazine for concealed carrying), all of the above modifications have their own additional options with the TSW index (tactical Smith Wesson - tactical Smith-Wesson), different from the basic models by the presence of a guide bar for attaching a laser target indicator or lantern; as well as practical (long-barreled for sports and combat shooting) and sports. In addition, third-generation pistols include a few more “cheap” (value series) pistol models based on the more expensive Smith & Wesson pistols M 4003, M 3903, M 5903 and M 4573. New samples are intended only for the civilian market, so they received a three-digit model index.
As a combat (service) weapon in the army and law enforcement agencies of the United States, Smith & Wesson standard, military and compact pistols are mainly used. Ultra-compact (ultra-small) and "thin" pistols are mainly used by the police as a spare weapon or for self-defense during off-duty hours, as well as a civilian self-defense weapon.
The Smith & Wesson Model 3906 pistol appeared in the 1988 year. It was designed for cartridge 9х19 "Parabellum" and had a cover-bolt and stainless steel frame. Overall length - 194 mm; barrel length - 102 mm; weight - 0,85 kg. From 1999, the M 3906 pistol is completed with a low-profile sighting device with three luminous points for shooting in low light conditions "Novak LoMount".
The compact-series pistol Model 3913 appeared in the 1988 year. This compact eight-shot gun is a shortened version of the 5900 model. It is designed for use of the 9x19 “Parabellum” cartridge with a barrel length of 89 mm, a self-propelled trigger mechanism, a frame made of lightweight aluminum alloy and a stainless steel shutter casing. In 1989, the pistol received a new designation M 3913 TSW. Models of this series are equipped with sighting device with tritium inserts and trigger without a shank. In addition, under the frame of the gun in front of the safety bracket mounted guide bar for LCC or combat flashlight. Pistol M 3913 is in production from 1989 year to the present.
In 1990, a new elegant model of this pistol was released, which was given the old legendary Smith-Wesson name M 3913 LS (Ledysmith). The frame of the Ladysmith pistol is made of a lightweight alloy, and the shutter casing is made of stainless steel. Flap fuse mounted on the left side of the housing-bolt. Pistol M 3913 LS is designed for cartridges 9x19 "Parabellum" and has a magazine capacity 8 cartridges. The only difference between the 3913 LS models and the standard 3913 M pistol models was the modified angle of the pistol grip, which made them more comfortable to wear in a holster, and the frame and front end of the casing-bolt, which gave the new models a certain individuality, received a slightly different shape. The inscription "Ledysmith" is applied to the frame with a laser.
Another version of the blue-burned Model 3913 pistol also appeared at the beginning of 1990, under the designation "Smith & Wesson M 3914". The frame of the gun is made of a lightweight alloy, and the casing shutter is made of carbon steel. On the frame of this model there is no inscription "Ledysmith", besides all the outer edges of the weapon are noticeably rounded. At the end of the same year, 1990, the company Smith & Wesson released another version of this gun - Model 3914 LS (Ledysmith). Both guns mounted novak LoMount sights, which are installed on a number of third-generation Smith & Wesson pistols.
In 1991, Smith & Wesson launched another version of the 3914 M pistol, designated the “Model 3954”. It, along with a double-action trigger only, and a blue-blued coating, had a frame made of lightweight aluminum alloy and a carbon steel shutter-casing.
The Smith & Wesson Model 5903 pistol, introduced in 1988, was a third-generation, third-generation base weapon based on an upgraded version of the 59 M and designed to use the Parabellum 9x19 pistol cartridge.
This model had a stainless steel frame of a lightweight aluminum alloy and a stainless steel shutter casing. The gun was released with a constant or variable sighting device. From 1993, the weapons began to be completed with the Novak LoMount sight, grasping the cheeks of a pistol grip from a brand of hard rubber from Du Pont and a double-sided safety catch located on the cover-cage. M 5903 was produced for 10 years, from 1988 to 1998 year inclusive.
In 1990, Smith & Wesson mastered its special compact version, the 5903 SSW, in production. This gun had a barrel length of 89 mm, a Novak LoMount sight, and a snatching cheek of a pistol grip from the Delrin by Du Pont. The frame is made of lightweight aluminum alloy, which gave the appearance of stainless steel, and the cover-bolt is made of stainless steel and covered with blue burnishing. In 1990, the entire 1500 pistols of this modification were manufactured.
In the same 1990, the company released another version of the 5903 M - a Smith & Wesson M 5924 pistol with a lightweight alloy frame, a steel burnished blue-burnished casing. This gun also had a NovM LoMount sight. However, the M 5924 in mass production was only a few months, soon its production was discontinued.
In 1991, the next improved model of this pistol "M 5943" (model 1991 of the year) is mastered in production. The 5943 M pistol had a frame made of lightweight aluminum alloy, a stainless steel bolt cover, a trigger mechanism with only a double action, as well as a Novak LoMount sight. In the same year, Smith & Wesson released a special compact modification of this weapon, which received the designation "M 5943 SSW".
9-mm pistol Smith & Wesson M 5906
In 2000, a modern, modernized version of the 5943 M model appeared - a Smith & Wesson Model 5943 TSW pistol (Model 2000 of the Year). This fifteen-action rifle with a double-action trigger was equipped with a lightweight aluminum alloy frame and a stainless steel shutter. As standard, the gun had a NovM LoMount Novak riflescope with tritium inserts and a trigger without a shank. A guide bar is mounted under the frame in front of the safety bracket to connect the LCC or the torch. The only difference between this weapon and other models of 5900 pistols is its weight, which is 0,81 kg.
The Smith & Wesson Model 5904 pistol, chambered for the Parabellum 9х19, also appeared in the 1988 year. The 5904 M pistol was manufactured with a blued lightweight aluminum alloy frame and carbon steel cover-casing, which could be covered with blue burnishing or nickel plating. The first samples of the 5904 M were produced with both a constant and variable sight, but since the 1993, the Novo LoMount has become a standard sight. The capacity of the two-row magazine pistol M 5904 increased to 15 cartridges.
Smith & Wesson also produced in limited quantities a modification of this pistol for the 9x21 pistol cartridge, intended exclusively for sale on the Italian weapons market. In 1989-1991, Smith & Wesson, in very limited quantities, produced another version of this pistol, known as "M 5905". He had a frame and casing shutter, made of carbon steel. The gun was covered with blue burnishing and was completed with the sight Novak LoMount.
In addition, from 1991 to 1992, Smith & Wesson produced another “M 5944” pistol, which was a modification of the 5904 М with a double-action trigger only. The gun had a lightweight aluminum frame, a stainless steel shutter cover and a Novak LoMount sight.
The Smith & Wesson Model 5906 pistol, chambered for the 9x19 “Parabellum”, was put into mass production in the 1989 year. He frame and casing shutter were made of stainless steel. The gun was produced with both constant and variable sighting device. Since 1993, the 5906 M pistols have received the sight of the Novak LoMount. This model was also produced for the Italian market under the patron 9х21.
Smith & Wesson logo
In 1990, Smith & Wesson mastered the production of a new modification of this "Model 5926" pistol. It was also entirely made of stainless steel, but on the left side of the shutter-casing, instead of the safety box, the lever for safe trigger release was mounted. Model 5926 M was completed with the clutching cheeks of a pistol grip made of rigid rubber from Du Pont and a Novak LoMount sight. The Smith & Wesson 5926 M pistol was produced from 1990 to 1993, inclusive.
In the next year, 1991, Smith & Wesson launched the Model 5946 pistol, an advanced version of the 5906 M pistol. The model differed from its prototype by a trigger mechanism of only double action. The gun was equipped with a stainless steel frame and shutter-casing, a Novak LoMount sight, as well as clutching cheeks of a pistol grip made of DuPont rubber. Currently the Smith & Wesson M 5906 pistol is still in production.
The total length and length of the barrel are the same as those of the other modifications of the 59 M, and the weight is 1,06 kg.
In 2000, Smith & Wesson’s “Model 5946 TSW” pistol was introduced to potential buyers. This weapon had only a double action trigger (DAO), the Novak LoMount sight with tritium inserts for night firing. The trigger shaft is missing, under the frame there is a guide bar for special devices such as LCC or a torch. Mass of the pistol M 5946 TSW - 1,09 kg.
In the same year, another version of this weapon was born - a typical Smith & Wesson M 5906 M (Military) army pistol. Its frame and shutter-casing, although made of stainless steel, however, have a dull black color due to the polymer melonite coating. On the casing-bolt mounted double-sided lever for safe descent of the trigger. The weapon is completed with a Novom LoMount sight with three luminous insertion points and clutching cheeks of a pistol handle made of rigid rubber from Du Pont, with a ring for attaching a safety cord. Double row magazine capacity - 15 cartridges.
Total length - 191 mm, barrel length - 102 mm, weight (without cartridges) - 1,06 kg.
In 2000, Smith & Wesson introduced another model of this pistol in the M 5906 TSW version with a Novak LoMount sight with tritium inserts. Under the frame there was a guide plate for connecting the LCC or a torch. The capacity of the shop of a new pistol with a double-action firing mechanism also constituted 15 cartridges. Its dimensions are identical to those of other 5906 models, but the weight is somewhat larger: the 5906 TSW weighs 1,09 kg.
TACTICAL-TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GUNS Smith & Wesson
Name Caliber, mm Total weight, kg Total length, mm Length of barrel, mm Magazine capacity, cartridges
M 39 9x19 0,78 192 102 8
M 59 9x19 0,84 192 102 14
M 459 9x19 1,02 192 102 14
M 469 9x19 0,73 175 89 12
M 559 9x19 0,85 192 102 14
M 645 .45ACP - 225 127 7
M 659 9x19 0,85 192 102 14
M 669 9x19 0,74 175 89 12
M 3913 9x19 0,7 171 89 8
M 3953 9x19 0,7 171 89 8
M 5903 9x19 0,8 190 102 15
M 5906 9x19 1,07 190 102 15
M 5943 9x19 0,8 190 102 15
M 5946 9x19 1,07 190 102 15