Military Review

40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 8) Foreign upgrade options

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The hundreds of Soviet-supplied Mi-25 and Mi-35, successfully operated in many countries, are attractive targets for modernization.


At the air show at Le Bourget in 1999, the Tammam division of the Israeli aviation concern IAI demonstrated the upgrade option of the Mi-24 - “Mission 24”. Without making changes to the design of the airframe, the power plant and the carrier system, it was proposed to install modern navigation equipment, an onboard defense complex and a night vision system.

In the instrumentation equipment of the Mission 24 cabs, the “glass cabin” principle was implemented, and the “round-the-clock” was provided by the HMSOP multifunctional optoelectronic complex. The helmet-mounted display made it possible to direct the turret machine-gun installation by turning the head. The upgraded helicopter could use the Israeli NT-D "Dandy" ATGM with a range of 6 km, developed by Rafael. Compared to the Russian Mi-24BM, the e-filling of the “Mission 24” was more advanced, but the flight characteristics of the modified car turned out to be lower. With the help of the Israelis in 2001 - 2003. The Indian Air Force upgraded the 25 Mi-25 and Mi-35 helicopters.

The South African company ATE has advanced its version of the improvement of the Mi-25 and Mi-35. The carrier system, power plant and control system remained unchanged, changing sighting and navigation equipment. OPS with thermal and optoelectronic channels, developed by the South African firm "Kent-ron", provides round-the-clock combat use of the machine. It was also proposed to strengthen the armament: the YakB-12,7 machine gun was replaced with an 20-mm automatic cannon, and the Soviet ATGM was replaced with Ingwa and Mo-Kop missiles of South African production.

These proposals were implemented in 2000 on Algerian Air Force 40 helicopters, known as the “Super Hind” (NATO intelligence services refer to the Mi-24 as “Hind”).

Super hind

The South African company Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE) is another company outside Russia, leading its own successful Mi-24 modernization program. The 40 Algerian Mi-24 revision order was placed on 1999 and the first upgraded Twenty-Four, known under the Super Hind brand, were delivered to the customer several months later.

By 2004, the helicopters modernized by South Africans had already flown 14000 hours. Satisfied with the work of the Algerian Air Force in 2002, they proposed to ATE to develop a proposal for further modernization of the machines.

The nose section with the cockpit has a new configuration and new avionics. The design of the cockpit provides a better field of view than the Mi-24, shifts the centering of the helicopter back, increases maneuverability and facilitates flying at extremely low altitudes with flying obstacles.

Machine weight reduced by 2 tons. The cabin is protected by Kevlar armor. The on-board equipment is replaced with a new one with a smaller mass and is adapted for night-vision goggles. Two multi-functional displays (6х8 inches), a display with a digital map of the area, monochrome multifunctional indicators of the control and flight information display system, a new Doppler navigation system coupled to the global satellite navigation system GPS, radio navigation equipment, an improved human-machine interface ", a new software system for helicopter navigation, the control system of the onboard systems of the helicopter.

40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 8) Foreign upgrade options


The helicopter is equipped with a Denel compact Argos-410 gyro-stabilized sight, coupled with a daytime telescopic sight, a front-view thermal imaging system, a laser target designator and a Ingwe guided missile generator with a laser beam guidance system.

Super Hind has a compact turret with a 20 mm aviation gun, programmable automatic reset of IR traps and dipole reflectors.

The upgraded version of the Mi-24 with 8 missiles Kentron ZT35 Ingwe (firing range √ 5 km), 18 unguided rockets and 400 20-mm projectiles has a combat radius of 230 km, speed 220 km / h and 20, XNUMX km / h and XNUMX has X-speed of XNUMX km, XNUMX km, XNUMX km, and XNUMX speed, XNUMX km / h and XNUMX has X-speed.

The armament control system of the updated Mi-24 received the FLIR multichannel aiming complex with an integrated laser rangefinder and automatic target tracking, the helmet-assisted HSS aiming system and the helmet-mounted aiming and displaying information system HMSD. The range of applied weapons. Now Mi-24 can use not only NAR C-5 and C-8 of domestic production, but also NAR of NATO standards, Ingwe and Mokopa guided anti-tank missiles developed in South Africa and having a maximum firing range of 5000 and 10000 m, respectively.

ATE Mi-24 Super Hind Algerian Air Force


In the nose of the helicopter, South African engineers installed an installation with an 20-mm automatic gun with high speeds and pointing angles horizontally and vertically. According to ATE representatives, the weapon control system installed on the Mi-24 is also adapted to be installed on Mi-24P helicopters with an 30-mm automatic cannon. However, according to representatives of the ATE and Rostvertol companies, the modernization of the Mi-24 conducted in South Africa, at least in part, was coordinated with the Russian developers.

The new equipment of the helicopter is optimized for the use of night-vision goggles, which allows you to perform combat missions at night as well as in adverse weather conditions. In the cockpit there are two multifunctional color displays, which display a map of the area and flight information.

The range of the upgraded helicopter is about 230 km, and the maximum speed exceeds 300 km / h. ATE offers helicopter upgrading services for all operators of Mi-24, Mi-25 and Mi-35 helicopters.

The core of the avionics systems used in all Super Hinds was borrowed from the Denel Rooivalk attack helicopter. The complex includes an on-board computer developed by ATE, a navigation system, a cockpit adapted for the use of night vision goggles, and a Kentron Culumus Argos 550 gyro-stabilized multisensory viewing system with TV and infrared sensors and a laser rangefinder.

The Mk II / III also added a helmet-mounted display, navigation displays, a new Vinten passive protection system, as well as a special digital system designed to reduce vibration in some flight modes.

Option Mk III in addition has several high-tech innovations. Among them: Kentron helmet-mounted archer R2, allowing the pilot to control both the sight and sight system and the 20-mm cannon with 840 rounds of ammunition.

The most important element of the Mk III modernization package is the Ingwe ATGM. Eight of these missiles can be placed on the two underwing launchers. In addition, the helicopter is capable of carrying a large amount of weapons of Russian and South African production, including the NAR and free-fall bombs. During the tests, Ingwe ATGMs produced over 400 control launches and 90% of the missiles fired successfully hit the target. In addition, during the tests of the helicopter, about 100000 shells were fired from a F2 cannon.

At the International Exhibition of Aviation and Military Equipment Afriken Aerospace and Defense-2006 "(AAD-2006), held at the South African Air Force Base in Isterplat (near Cape Town), the South African company Ed-Vansd Technologies and Engineering (ATE) reported that the program of deep modernization of the Russian military helicopter Mi-24. At the exhibition, she presented for the first time a model of the nose of the fuselage with the cockpit of the new helicopter, dubbed the "Super Hind" Mk.5. From the original Mi-24 helicopter, the nose of the fuselage is new A look resembling the shape of the bow of the American Bell Helicopter AH-1 Hugh Cobra. Under the nose of the fuselage there is a turret for placing an 20-mm cannon or machine gun.

The crew cabin is equipped with two color multifunction displays (152 x 203 mm screen size), a display with a moving terrain map, a monochrome display giving information on the state of the onboard systems and failures, and other means forming the information and control field of the cabin. There is also a satellite navigation system GPS and internal diagnostic system. The weapon system includes a Denel Argos 410 gyro-stabilized sight, consisting of a day-time camera, a heat finder, and a laser range finder target indicator. This scope allows you to use an ATGM Denel "Yngve" with laser-guided.

Representing the upgraded helicopter, ATE claims that it was able to optimize for flying near the ground in following the terrain, which the original Mi-24 helicopter could not perform. She also reported that she had begun refitting one helicopter.

At the exhibition, ATE representatives reported that the design of the Super Hind MK.5 helicopter would be lighter on the 1800 - 2000 kg compared to the design of the Mi-24 serial helicopter. This will be achieved through the use of modern equipment and improved armor from "Kevlar". For example, instead of the old Soviet Doppler navigation radar with a mass of 210 - 250 kg, a station with a mass of just 4 kg is installed.

ATE announced that the Super Hind helicopter MK.5 will have a combat radius of 235 km (including 20-min fuel reserve), while carrying eight Ingwe, 18 PC and 400 shells to the gun. Cruising speed helicopter 220 km / h. The company also informed that the Russian Open Society "OKB im. M. L. Mil" supports the work on the modernization of the Mi-24 helicopter.

During the period of 2003-2005, ATE actively promoted the Super Hind project among the new members of NATO in Eastern Europe, but did not succeed. The only exception was the contract for the delivery of one demonstration sample to Bulgaria. The car, modified by the French branch of ATE and the Bulgarian companies TEREM and Liconex, is generally similar to the Super Hind Mk III. The helicopter underwent extensive testing in February and March 2005.

ATE Chairman of the Board of Directors Jean-Marc Pizaro (Jean-Marc Pizaro) emphasized the fact that this decision significantly reduced the weight of the helicopter, which in turn made it possible to accommodate additional booking elements. The lightweight helicopter, in addition, was able to significantly improve maneuverability. The combat radius of the new machine with a set of weapons from the 8 ATGM is 235 km. While the ATE management is not in a hurry to disclose possible customers of the new version of modernization.

During the period of 2003-2005, ATE actively promoted the Super Hind project among the new members of NATO in Eastern Europe, but did not succeed. The only exception was the contract for the delivery of one demonstration sample to Bulgaria. The car, modified by the French branch of ATE and the Bulgarian companies TEREM and Liconex, is generally similar to the Super Hind Mk III. The helicopter underwent extensive testing in February and March 2005.

Azerbaijan plans to upgrade its Mi-24 helicopters at the Konotop Aviakon Aircraft Repair Plant with the participation of a company from South Africa. About this ARMS-TASS reported a source in the Ukrainian defense industry.

In all likelihood, the contractor for the modernization work will be the South African firm Advance Technologies and Engineering (ATE), which presented the modernized Mi-2006 helicopter at African Aerospace and Defense (AAD) at 24.

The Ministry of Defense of Ukraine is also expected to consider the possibility of cooperation with South Africa to modernize its Mi-24 helicopters, taking into account the experience of Aviakon. Previously, negotiations on the modernization of the Ukrainian Mi-24 were conducted with the French company Sazhem, but they are currently suspended. At the same time, options for cooperation with France and South Africa are comparable in their main indicators.


















To be continued ...
Articles from this series:
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 1) Creation
40 years to the legendary combat helicopter Mi-24 (part 2) Modifications A, B and D
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 3) Modification B
40 years of the legendary combat helicopter Mi-24 (part of 4) Modifications P and VP
40 years to the legendary combat helicopter Mi-24 (part of 5) Modification Mon
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 6). Modifications of P, K and VM
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (7 part) Mi-35
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 8) Foreign upgrade options
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 9)
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 10) Technical specification
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 11) Mastering in structural units
40 years to the legendary Mi-24 combat helicopter (part of 12) in Afghanistan
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  1. avt
    avt 30 March 2013 10: 11 New
    +9
    Tear off their hands for mocking the crocodile! laughing
    1. Mikhado
      Mikhado 30 March 2013 13: 35 New
      +6
      Laughter laughter, and the operator was blocked from view forward. And if the boxes for the sleeves of the tapes are so flimsy, how can he get into the cockpit or, even more so, urgently fall out. The gun was placed according to the principle "who will put it further from the center of mass" so that it would "peck" from the first shot. Birdhouses in the air intake - well, I don't know, ours did it in dusty Afghanistan, it would be better to cover the exhaust to reduce the IR signature.
      Cranked augers, low.
      1. smprofi
        smprofi 30 March 2013 14: 16 New
        +3
        come on you, the normal unit turned out

        quote = Mikhado] Laugh with laughter, and the operator blocked the view ahead. [/ quote]
        why's that? look at the tele-eyes complex





        [quote = Mikhado] The gun was placed according to the principle "who will put it further from the center of mass" so that it would "peck" from the first shot [/ quote]
        here, at 3'26 "there is a cannon firing. Make sure about the" pecking "

        1. Mikhado
          Mikhado 30 March 2013 15: 58 New
          +3
          Funny videos, but you did not convince me of anything.

          First, artificial vision is good, but why, due to the review, is SIMPLE to the naked eye? why the hell do you want to sight the station so high? and the first roller did not give a single view from the operator’s cockpit.

          second, the aiming system is so high because the cannon was stuck in its most optimal place! I saw shooting on a roller, but since the quality is muddy, and the camera is on the SAME side, it is not easy to see, although it is not easy, but it is possible - the horizon swayed. In general, the placement of mobile installations in all helicopters is a sin, especially in MI-28, where from the very first flights and firing a powerful land gun with a hard recoil, located even closer to the CM than on the subject, rocked the car. It is not for nothing that the Kamovites, designing their controversial single "Poltos", placed the same barrel practically in the center of mass, losing in the horizontal angle, won in the accuracy of shooting, and guided due to the good dexterity of the coaxial axis.
          1. smprofi
            smprofi 30 March 2013 22: 25 New
            +3
            Quote: Mikhado
            why due to the review JUST with the naked eye

            if you carefully look at the cockpit arrow of almost all modifications, then inside and so the view is blocked by a sight



            so if the outer "eye" stands before a lantern - practically nothing changes in terms of a review
            1. igor67
              igor67 30 March 2013 23: 25 New
              +2
              This is the KPS as far as I remember, and what should the operator see through the windshield? His task is arming
  2. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 30 March 2013 10: 19 New
    +5
    I think so, you first invent, and then modernize, and then plagiarists scoff at our "crocodile"! angry
  3. svp67
    svp67 30 March 2013 10: 31 New
    +8
    Superfluous proof of how popular the "crocodile" is, everyone wants to make money on it ... We ought to "lead" this business, otherwise the helicopter is ours, but just anyone "modernizes" it ...
  4. Alexey M
    Alexey M 30 March 2013 12: 25 New
    +1
    But still a popular machine! Apaches are in demand and did not dream of such happiness.
    1. smprofi
      smprofi 30 March 2013 13: 48 New
      +6
      here they are side by side:







      1. rubber_duck
        rubber_duck April 1 2013 16: 30 New
        +1
        Quote: smprofi
        here they are side by side:


        Well, "Apache" does not look against the background of "Crocodile". There is no ... that harsh monumentality. fellow
  5. Bosk
    Bosk 30 March 2013 12: 35 New
    +4
    And I like this car, the only one of its kind apparatus that can land an assault force and then qualitatively maintain it with fire.
    1. rubber_duck
      rubber_duck 30 March 2013 18: 30 New
      +5
      Quote: Bosk
      the only device of its kind that can land an assault force and then qualitatively support it with fire.


      Yes, they never landed in combat in landing conditions. With the landing they, as they say, fly around the tanker. Yes, and flight performance is reduced, and combat load. In practice, it turned out that for combat conditions, the car came out overweight and oversized, and precisely because of the presence of the landing compartment. Yet this is an attack helicopter.
      1. Corsair
        Corsair 30 March 2013 22: 07 New
        +1
        But why not use the volume of the airborne compartment as an ammunition compartment for airborne weapons? So to speak, as an option for modernization. That would be a firing point! lol
  6. Navuxonastupil
    Navuxonastupil 30 March 2013 12: 40 New
    +4
    It looks creepy, but apparently the unit turned out to be extremely functional! Especially touched by the "technical", painted on additional armor! Not no step, but pictograms! The level of intelligence of the creatures that will fly and serve is immediately visible! I think that containers for bonus bananas are installed in specially designated places, which open when the buttons are pressed correctly!
  7. smprofi
    smprofi 30 March 2013 13: 45 New
    +3




    cab Mi-24 Super Hind MK II



    air filters from ATE



    cab Mi-24 Super Hind MK.V

    Modernization of the Mi-24 in the West was not only the South African company Advanced Technologies and Engineering (ATE), but also the famous BAE Systems







    Mi-24 cockpit presented by BAE Systems at Helitech 2001





    Mi-24 upgrade option shown by BAE Systems in Farnborough in 2004

    The Ministry of Defense of Ukraine is also expected

    this issue has already been decided. can be read here:
    http://nnm.ru/blogs/smprofi/transportno-boevoy-vertolet-mi-24-chast-iv/
  8. VenDora
    VenDora 30 March 2013 13: 51 New
    +3
    The bad not in demand would not be modernized
  9. malkor
    malkor 30 March 2013 14: 41 New
    +2
    great helicopter. and very necessary for ourselves in the troops
  10. Genady1976
    Genady1976 30 March 2013 21: 39 New
    0

    who will say what kind of misunderstanding such.
    1. smprofi
      smprofi 30 March 2013 22: 17 New
      0
      Quote: Genady1976
      such understandings

      school course "Physics", stroboscopic effect, passed by?
  11. Genady1976
    Genady1976 30 March 2013 22: 41 New
    0
    And I thought the truth was something new
  12. Rumi007
    Rumi007 30 March 2013 22: 49 New
    +3
    MI-24 Super Hind Azerbaijani Air Force
  13. Rumi007
    Rumi007 30 March 2013 22: 50 New
    +4
    MI-24 Super Hind Azerbaijani Air Force
  14. Rumi007
    Rumi007 30 March 2013 22: 54 New
    +4
    MI-24 Super Hind Azerbaijani Air Force
  15. Argon
    Argon 30 March 2013 23: 38 New
    -2
    For smpofi, take it and re-read it, although it is unlikely to help, well, at least refrain from such advice in a mentoring tone. A model flies, in Germany there is a competition-festival of jet models. This one obviously has stalled, it is quite large about 2m. A friend is engaged, I’m so aware of the prices a little, in this current the fillings are 10 eureka, so I won’t be surprised if it turns out that in case of force mogger the model is blown up from the bottom and insured in this way.
    1. Shurasan
      Shurasan 31 March 2013 03: 48 New
      0
      Sometimes it’s better to keep silent and seem silly than say something and dispel all doubts.
    2. Shurasan
      Shurasan 31 March 2013 03: 49 New
      0
      Quote: Argon
      For smpofi, take it and re-read it, although it is unlikely to help, well, at least refrain from such advice in a mentoring tone. A model flies, in Germany there is a competition-festival of jet models. This one obviously has stalled, it is quite large about 2m. A friend is engaged, I’m so aware of the prices a little, in this current the fillings are 10 eureka, so I won’t be surprised if it turns out that in case of force mogger the model is blown up from the bottom and insured in this way.


      Sometimes it’s better to keep silent and seem silly than say something and dispel all doubts.
  16. Takashi
    Takashi 31 March 2013 06: 42 New
    +1
    There was a feeling that Milyavts just need to sell the frame with the engine and let the citizens modify \ hang \ install what they want. :(
  17. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 31 March 2013 10: 33 New
    +2
    I will also add one illustration with "Super Hind" ...

    MkIII (side view, port side)
  18. Kir
    Kir 31 March 2013 19: 01 New
    +2
    For the information of some, before watering the Boers, it is worth asking how many specialists from us work in South Africa, otherwise it turns out that our former ones have learned, and how many really Boer-descendants of Dutch settlers took part, another question is why ours calmly look at the fact that third parties are doing "tuning", or some clever financial scheme, or something.
    If in appearance, it’s a direct road to cinema, and with regards to functionality, let those who at least fly a little on it, and ideally, who actually exploits.
  19. Argon
    Argon April 1 2013 01: 15 New
    +1
    As far as I understand, this work has two points: 1 to ensure flight at night with a rounding of the terrain in the machine. 2 All-weather-all-day combat use. With the second, it is clear, the housekeeping of the instrumentists and the whole is an object of envy. But with the second, the questions: How do you write the supporting system has not undergone any changes, if simply put R1 rubber with lugs on the F30 car and this is a buggy? Of course, the weight saving of more than 2 tons is impressive , but does not explain how, for example, the hinges of the blades will behave and how long they will last. There is an efficiency criterion for operating overload in the mode, but unfortunately there is no such information in the article. Center offset - tail rotor efficiency? behavior at near zero speeds? With the protection of the crew, it is understandable that it decreased - the Kevlar will not increase the overall strength. Judging by the location of the VPU turret and the OPS module, the object is not burdened with Russian intelligence. By the way, ATU realized their jamb - consultations with Rostvertol and the new MK-5 nose compartment is ready. However, the product is ready. for sale - and in order not to miss out on your own, you need to connect. I am glad that such steps are being taken.