Military Review

Israel: Hackers in uniform

2
Israel: Hackers in uniformIn March, 2010, the head of Israeli military intelligence, Major General Amos Yadlin, stated that the Jewish state is the world leader in cyber war. This was taken as a warning to the enemies of Israel: the Jewish state has unlimited possibilities to paralyze enemy infrastructures, such as the electricity grid, water supply, transportation, financial systems, and telecommunications control channels.


Behind this warning is the work of thousands of Israeli cyberwar soldiers, invisible to the world, whose excellence is literally forged in the military intelligence and communications forces of the IDF. The prestige of graduates of army computer schools is extremely high and enjoys international recognition - recruiters of the most famous Hi-Tech firms hunt for their graduates after demobilization.

In Israel, computer specialists are trained not only in universities, but also in the army. In army computer schools, recruiting soldiers recruit qualified hi-tech specialists who are able to compete on equal terms with graduates of technical universities. The prestige of graduates of army computer schools, among which the most famous are schools belonging to military intelligence and IDF troops, is extremely high and enjoys international recognition - recruiters of well-known companies hunt for their graduates after demobilization.

The Israeli army has a unique, unparalleled in the world, system of military computer schools in which future leading information technology specialists are trained from 18-summer recruits.
Anyone who is acquainted with the announcements about hiring for an Israeli Hi-Tech company will pay attention to the phrase with the requirements for the candidate: “a degree in computer disciplines or service in military intelligence technology units or MAMRAM”

The computer units of the Israeli army are real forts of personnel for civilian firms working in the field of high technologies .. It is believed that the professionalism of military computer scientists is not inferior to the level of training of graduates of the most prestigious universities, but by the ability and experience to successfully lead projects, break through new ideas and technologies To win in tough competition, Israeli military computer scientists have no equal.
The army literally forges such leaders and managers aimed at success in their technological divisions from yesterday's students who are called up for active military service. The cruellest selection of candidates, studying in an atmosphere of strict army discipline and demandingness, participation in real projects and instilling a sense of personal responsibility for the task entrusted - all these factors allow us to prepare future leading Hi-Tech specialists over the years of army service.

The first computer units in the IDF were created in 1959 year. Then, on the orders of the chief of staff, the 8200 division was formed as part of military intelligence (commander - Colonel Avraham Aloni) and the Computer Aids Center (abbreviation in Hebrew - MAMRAM), whose first commander was Colonel Mordechai Kikoin. Later, computer units were created in all genera and types of troops. The officers and soldiers of these units perform multifaceted work on the computerization of all levels of command and control, the collection and processing of information, the development of systems for various purposes. Thanks to their many years of efforts, the IDF is now one of the most computerized armies in the world.

Army computer units did not arise out of scratch - they were preceded by a number of achievements by Israeli engineers and programmers in the creation of computer hardware and software products. The development of Israeli computer technology has more than half a century history.

Perhaps the starting point is the creation of a computer department in the Ministry of Finance. This happened in 1951 year. On the basis of this department, the state computer company Malam was founded, which marked the beginning of the production of software products in Israel.

A great achievement was the creation in 1954 by scientists of the Institute. Weizmann in Rehovot is one of the world's first digital computers, called WEIZAC. Over the years, Israel has become a world superpower in high technology, and this fact directly affects the technical equipment of the IDF.

The introduction of computer technology in the army was not an easy process. Now it’s ridiculous to remember, but when army computer units were created, the famous Israeli journalist Uri Avnery, who was extremely left-wing, broke out with an article in which he sharply criticized the government for allegedly meaningless squandering of budget funds for dubious military projects ...

The school of computer units of the IDF became world famous. They are trained 18-year-old recruits. It is believed that these schools have the toughest system in the world of training computer scientists, in no way inferior to the intensity and intensity of study of the famous schools of the Israeli special forces. The right to study in the schools of computer units is won in a tense struggle. The army selects only the best of the best - out of ten recruits in the process of acceptance tests, nine are eliminated.

Those lucky ones who succeed in successfully passing acceptance tests are awaited by the initial 6 month-long training course in which training in computer disciplines is combined with the combat training of a recruit soldier. The term of the military service is 36 months. Then, the most promising soldiers may be asked to continue their military service. In this case, a long-term contract is signed.

During these years, the soldier combines intensive training with participation in projects based on the most advanced technologies. And while computer soldiers do not have to make 70-kilometer full-blown marches, as their peers from combat units, they are waited for by no less intense work in army computer centers.

Training computer platoons are trained in the same style as reconnaissance and sabotage units - each soldier knows that only the best will manage to complete the whole course and enter the computer elite. Those who are not able to withstand this constant tension and fierce competition, will be expelled from school. A school graduate acquires in the process of study not only deep professional knowledge and experience of participating in the most relevant projects, but also leadership qualities and a strong army mentality. Graduates of military computer schools are demobilized from the army with the firm conviction that for them there are no insurmountable obstacles.

By demobilization, graduates of the IDF schools also have experience in project management in the most advanced technologies. Such peers who have graduated from civilian universities do not have this kind of experience, and therefore the recruiters of leading corporations literally hunt for graduates of computer schools from the IDF.

Many of them have made a brilliant career in well-known computer companies and have themselves become creators and developers of new computer tools and software products that successfully compete in world markets.

MAMRAM graduate Gil Swede discharged from the army in 1992 and created Check Point Software Technologies, the company now worth 1.8 billion dollars. This company has developed a software product such as Firewall, which made a real revolution in the protection of computer systems against unauthorized intrusions.

The story of Mirabilis, created in 1996 by graduates of MAMRAM Arik Vardi, Yair Goldfinger, Safi Viziger and Amnon Amir after demobilization from the army, is indicative. The messaging program developed by this company via Inter-No ICQ instantly gained popularity all over the world and brought hundreds of millions of dollars to its creators.

Yossi Vardi, who founded the first Israeli computer start-up in 1969, believes that "army computer units have produced much more Hi-Tech millionaires than any of the business schools."

Haaretz said recently that army computer units are "extremely important for the Israeli economy," because the innovators who led the Hi-Tech industry of the Jewish state to world leaders emerged from them.

Graduates of computer schools of the IDF occupy leading positions in Hi-Tech firms around the world. They are now largely determine the main directions of development of information technology.
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  1. Chavy
    Chavy 26 March 2013 08: 51
    0
    These troops are full of Russian Jews. Many, after serving in 8200 and mamram, go to work wherever, scoring to study at the university, only because they are taken by employers already at the end of the demobilization, who themselves served there when they pay well. The number of start-ups created by former cybercriminals just rolls over and looks like a dot-com bubble 2000. The number of exits (sold startups to large companies) is already approaching $ 50 billion

    In fact, business angels launder their money in such offices. Win-Win is profitable for everyone
    1. Focker
      Focker 26 March 2013 10: 08
      0
      I don’t understand something, but what are they teaching there? In my opinion, breaking down systems and building them are two different talents you need to have. Either teach one or the other ..
      1. Chavy
        Chavy 26 March 2013 11: 04
        +1
        Ordinary programmers and system engineers, hacking courses give a variety and more. Of course, not only are they taught to break, but also to defend themselves, to develop technologies in this direction. There it is very developed and great emphasis is placed.
        1. Focker
          Focker 26 March 2013 11: 36
          0
          Have you ever encountered them in real life?
          1. Professor
            Professor 26 March 2013 14: 42
            +3
            Have you ever encountered them in real life?

            It was necessary. He made us one such kid project. He took about 10% of what others asked and did effortlessly in a week. The fifth year, his application works without problems.
    2. atalef
      atalef 26 March 2013 11: 54
      +5
      Quote: Chavy
      8200 and mamram go to work scoring at random at the university, just because they are taken by employers at the end of the demobilization, who themselves served there when they pay well
      The son of friends served in 8200 (though the guy had slept with the computer since the years 7). I passed courses and an extra year. Now he is making money (without a university education (which he claims he no longer needs) that we just didn’t dream of. Last month he bought a Ferrari, the boy is having fun.
      1. Focker
        Focker 26 March 2013 12: 27
        0
        Why would I live like that !! ))) And in what area does it work?
        1. atalef
          atalef 26 March 2013 15: 05
          +2
          Quote: Focker
          And in what area does he work?

          Actually, I have no idea (lives in Herzliya - there are many high-tech companies there).
          In general, in terms of income, it’s clear that it works well. Half a year in Israel 3-4 months in the States - this is the way to go around all the time.
  2. rereture
    rereture 26 March 2013 14: 20
    0
    Anonymous April XNUMX promised to knock out all the sites of Israel from the network. Let me remind you that mastercard servers were subjected to anonymous attacks, and moreover, successfully.
  3. Geisenberg
    Geisenberg 26 March 2013 14: 40
    +1
    So who’s stealing money from my mobile phone ...
  4. Rumata
    Rumata 26 March 2013 23: 15
    +1
    There is not a word about the project "Atuda", although they are the backbone of 8200 MAMRAM and others.
    1. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 26 March 2013 23: 26
      +1
      Quote: Rumata
      There is not a word about the project "Atuda", although they are the backbone of 8200 MAMRAM and others.

      You are the cleverest in "Atudu" today and will not delay. Not everyone is ready to serve for 6-7 years.
      1. Rumata
        Rumata 27 March 2013 03: 44
        +1
        When I studied at the Technion, there were acquaintances from atuda. Two, as honors, received permission to complete the second degree and then be called up. During the service, both began their doctorates. I don’t know what exactly they did in the army (Ito squeezed out more information from friends From Matkal), but in terms of talent, they were no worse than schoolchildren, but they were called masters and I think after the obligatory officer courses, it is these who are at the head of projects and direct the smart, but not experienced "young" ...
  5. Takashi
    Takashi 27 March 2013 04: 30
    -2
    I checked on my computer for software from a certain company: Check Point Software Technologies - did not find it. From MS is (I still use XP office).
    ICQ -? yeah. really revolutionized messaging. Sorry, withered. and with the purchase of the Russians, a smooth symbiosis began on the mail agent.

    I was slightly embarrassed by the phrase: "Everyone who gets acquainted with job advertisements in Israeli Hi-Tech firms will pay attention to the phrase with the requirements for the candidate:" a degree in computer disciplines or service in the technological units of military intelligence or MAMRAM " "- the fact that you need an advanced degree is understandable, but service in military intelligence or MAMRAM - says only that you need an executive punctual employee with good computer skills and the ability to remain silent.
    1. Professor
      Professor 27 March 2013 20: 34
      +4
      I checked on my computer for software from a certain company: Check Point Software Technologies - did not find it.

      And I checked on my computer, Kaspersky Anti-Virus did not find. Does this mean that Kaspersky sucks? wink
  6. Rumata
    Rumata 27 March 2013 06: 59
    +1
    Quote: Takashi
    says only that you need an executive punctual employee with good computer skills and the ability to be silent.

    Who is he talking to? Those who have served in these places are equal to the graduates of universities and at first receive the same salary in the same positions. Over time, it goes without saying that many firms like Microsoft or Intel require higher education for further advancement, which they pay for. Programmers and "computer scientists" will not let me lie that the most important thing is experience and not a piece of paper about a tower, and Mamramniks have enough experience.
  7. Takashi
    Takashi 27 March 2013 15: 18
    0
    I think you should not compare our education systems with the Israeli.
    In addition, given that immigrants from the USSR there to fig and more.
    In the West, for the most part "skills" are needed, for a more solid salary and position - knowledge in the form of a diploma is needed.
    Another alien education system, which believes that it is not necessary to give 80% of people the concept of differential / integral, even the logarithm (do you, by the way, remember what it is?). Need skills - these skills are easily given in the army (if suitable for development), the same skills - how to control a tank \ car \ helicopter \ weapon \ nail.
    I can argue about the experience of computer programmers (but it’s off topic), it’s just a matter of trouble - everyone who wrote 20-30 lines of code imagines himself a great programmer. For some reason, the programmer can now be all and sundry - electricians \ mechanics \ submariners. Only the opposite is somehow impossible, well, it’s just impossible to explain this in the Human Resources Department.
  8. Rumata
    Rumata 27 March 2013 20: 20
    0
    Quote: Takashi

    I think you should not compare our education systems with the Israeli.

    Well, yes, Israeli higher education is much better than Russian. As for the rest, I see no reason to prove something. If a soldier has been working for three years to find ways to break into the most advanced firewalls, then in a data protection company he will be much more useful than a green student who still remembers what integrals are, but all his experience is limited to writing a couple of hundred lines of code in training projects. Of course, you remember what logarithms are and it probably makes you a super specialist in the eyes of employers, but in Israel and in the west, high-tech companies are looking for something completely different ...
  9. Rumata
    Rumata 27 March 2013 20: 24
    +3
    Quote: Takashi

    I think you should not compare our education systems with the Israeli.

    Well, yes, Israeli higher education is better than modern Russian. As for the rest, I see no reason to prove something. If a soldier for three years is engaged in finding ways to break into the most advanced military firewalls, as an example, then in a data protection company he will be much more useful than a green student who still remembers what integrals are, but all his experience is limited to writing a couple of hundred lines of code in training projects. Of course, you remember what logarithms are and probably this makes you a super specialist in the eyes of employers, but in Israel and in the west, high-tech companies are looking for something completely different ...