Military Review

Combat use of heavy tanks EC-3

79

Soviet heavy tank EC-3 from the Group of Forces in Germany. October 1947



After the adoption tank IS-3 in service in March 1945 and putting the machine into mass production in May of that year at the Chelyabinsk Kirov Plant, it began to enter service with the tank forces of the Red Army (Soviet - from 1946). First of all, the IS-3 tanks were transferred to the armament of the tank regiments to the Group of Forces in Germany, and then to other units. On September 7, 1945, IS-3 heavy tanks marched through the streets of defeated Berlin as part of the 71st Guards Heavy Tank Regiment of the 2nd Guards Tank Army, taking part in the Allied forces parade in honor of the end of World War II. For the first time at a parade in Moscow, the new IS-3 tanks were shown on May 1, 1946.

The arrival of the tank EC-3 in the army coincided with the new organizational restructuring of the units. The organizational reorganization of the tank forces after the end of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945 began with bringing the name of their organizational forms in accordance with the combat capabilities, as well as the name of the respective forms of rifle troops.

Guard captain Shilov sets subordinate combat mission. In the background is the tank EC-3. Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, October 1947


Tanks EC-3 go on the attack during training. Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, October 1947


Junior Sergeant Anhimkov for the first time leads a tank over rough terrain. Part of Colonel S.N. Tarasov. Group of Soviet troops in Germany, March 1948


Tanks EC-3 68-Tank Brigade, 9 August 1945 g.


The commander of the 68-th separate tank tank guard brigade, Colonel GA. Timchenko. August 1945


The best mechanics-drivers of tanks EC-3: Guards Senior Sergeant V.F. Privalikhin (right) and PM Khalturin, awarded with a nominal watch by the Minister of the Armed Forces of the USSR - Marshal Bulganin. Moscow Military District, October 1948


Combat use of heavy tanks EC-3
The mechanic-driver of the tank EC-3 Guard Sergeant Major N.N. Zinnatov. Moscow Military District, October 1948


Excellent crew tank EC-3 commanded by ml. Lieutenant N. Plavinsky. From left to right: ml. Lieutenant N. Plavinsky, Gv. Sergeant I. Tretyakov, Sergeant N. Shalygin and Sergeant A.A. Kutergin. Primorsky Military District, August 1947


The crew of the tank EC-3 commanded by ml. Lieutenant N. Plavinsky conducts daily maintenance. Primorsky Military District, August 1947


Senior Officer N. Panteleev and Private X. Akhmetshin prepare a combat leaflet. Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, October 1947


In July, the 1945 of the year approved the lists of states for tank and mechanized divisions, which renamed the tank and mechanized corps of the Red Army. At the same time, the brigade link was replaced by regimental, and the former regimental - by battalion. Of the other features of these states, it is necessary to note the replacement of three types of self-propelled artillery regiments, which had 21 self-propelled units, Guards heavy tank regiment (65 tanks EC-2) and the inclusion in the divisions of howitzer artillery regiment (24 howitzer 122 mm). The result of the transfer of tank and mechanized corps to the states of the respective divisions was that mechanized and tank divisions became the main units of the tank forces.

In accordance with the instructions of the General Staff, the transfer of tank divisions to new states began in October of 1. In the new states, the tank division consisted of: three tank regiments, a heavy tank regiment, a motorized rifle regiment, a howitzer division, an anti-aircraft artillery regiment, a division of guards mortars, a motorcycle battalion, an engineer battalion, and logistics and technical support units.
Tank regiments in these states retained the structure of the former tank brigades and were of the same type but in service. In total, the division's tank regiment consisted of 1324 man, 65 medium tanks, 5 armored vehicles and 138 vehicles.

The motorized rifle regiment of the tank division did not undergo any changes as compared with the motorized rifle brigade of the war period — it still did not have tanks.

In reality, a heavy tank self-propelled regiment with two battalions of heavy tanks, a battalion of self-propelled rigs SU-100, a battalion of machine gunners, an anti-aircraft battery, and companies: reconnaissance, control, transport, and repair; platoons: economic and health. In total, the regiment consisted of: personnel 1252 man, 46 heavy tanks EC-3, 21 self-propelled unit SU-100, 16 armored personnel carriers, six anti-aircraft guns caliber 37 mm, 3 DShK machine gun and 131 car.

The organizational structure of the mechanized divisions, regardless of their organizational affiliation, was unified and corresponded to the structure and combat composition of the mechanized division of the infantry corps.

The mechanized division 1946, it was: three mechanized regiment, tank regiment, as well as heavy tankosamohodny regiment, battalion Guards mortar, howitzer regiment, anti-aircraft artillery regiment, Mortar Regiment, motorcycle battalion, engineer battalion, a separate communications battalion, medical battalion, and company management.

As is known, during the war years, the highest organizational form of tank forces, their operational association were tank armies.
Considering the increase in the post-war years of the combat capabilities of the troops of probable adversaries, the Soviet leadership came to the conclusion that it was necessary to drastically increase the combat capabilities of the unions of tank forces and increase their number. In this connection, during the organization of the ground forces, nine mechanized armies were formed in their composition instead of six tank armies.

The new association of tank forces differed from the tank army of the period of the Great Patriotic War by including two tank and two mechanized divisions in its structure, which increased (its) combat power and operational independence. In the mechanized army in the number of different weapons were 800 medium and 140 heavy tanks (EC-2 and EC-3).

Considering the increasing role and proportion of tank forces and a change in their organizational structure, already in the first post-war years, attempts were made to clarify the previous provisions on the use of armored troops in the offensive, taking into account changes in the conditions of warfare. For this purpose, a number of military and command-staff exercises, war games, field trips and military science conferences were held in 1946-1953. These events had a great influence on the development of official views of the Soviet military leadership on the use of tank forces in the offensive, which were enshrined in the Field Regulations of the Armed Forces of the USSR (corps, division) 1948 of the year, the Combat Regulations of the BT and MB of the Soviet Army (division, corps, battalion) 1950 of the year, draft instruction on the conduct of operations (front, army) 1952 of the year and the Field Charter of the Soviet Army (regiment, battalion) of the 1953 of the year.

In accordance with this and the adopted documents, the offensive was considered as the main type of combat operations of the troops, as a result of which the main objectives for the complete defeat of the opposing enemy could be achieved. From the point of view of the sequence of solving combat tasks, the offensive was divided into two main stages: the breakthrough of the enemy defense and the development of the offensive. At the same time, the defense breakthrough was considered the most important of the offensive stages, since it was only as a result of its implementation that conditions were created for the successful development of the offensive in depth. According to the views of the Soviet military leadership, the offensive began with a breakthrough prepared or hurriedly occupied by the enemy defense. The breakthrough of the prepared defense was considered the most difficult type of attack, as a result of which he paid special attention to the guiding documents and the practice of combat training of troops.

When attacking a prepared defense and a fortified area, the heavy tank-self-propelled regiment was intended to reinforce medium tanks and infantry. It was usually given to rifle compounds. His heavy tanks and self-propelled artillery mounts were used to directly support infantry, combat tanks, self-propelled guns, artillery and enemy firing points located in fortifications. After breaking through the enemy’s tactical defense to its entire depth, the army’s heavy tank self-propelled regiment was withdrawn into the reserve of the corps commander or army commander and could later be used as appropriate for fighting tanks and self-propelled artillery units and formations.

The transition of troops in the first post-war years to a new organizational basis greatly increased their capabilities to create a stable and active defense.

Tank and mechanized units, formations and formations in defense were supposed to be used mainly in the second echelon and reserves for delivering powerful counterstrikes and counterattacks from the depths. Along with this, domestic military theory allowed the use of tank and mechanized divisions, as well as a mechanized army to conduct independent defense on the main axes.

In the defense of the rifle division, part of the units of the tank-self-propelled regiment was attached to the rifle regiment of the first echelon. The greater part, and sometimes the whole regiment, was supposed to be used as a tank reserve by the commander of a rifle division to carry out counterattacks in the event that the enemy broke through the first position of the main line of defense.

A separate heavy tank-self-propelled regiment (EC-2, EC-3 and SU-100) in the defense of the combined-arms army was planned to be used as a tank reserve by the army commander or rifle corps to carry out counterattacks against the enemy penetrated into the defense, especially in the directions of actions of his tank groupings.

In the event of an enemy breakthrough to the depth of defense of the first echelon regiments, the holding of counterattacks by the forces of tank reserves was considered inexpedient. Under these conditions, the defeat of the penetrated enemy and the restoration of the defense was assigned to the second echelons of the rifle corps, which were based on the experience of the exercise mechanized divisions.

In contrast to the counterattacks during the Great Patriotic War, which usually took place only after preliminary occupation of the initial position, the mechanized division, as a rule, conducted a counterattack on the move, using parts of the tank regiments that used medium T-34-85 tanks support of the heavy tanks EC-2, EC-3 and self-propelled rigs SU-100 of the heavy tank self-propelled regiment. This method to a greater extent provided a strong initial blow.

In a front-line defensive operation, the mechanized army usually constituted the second echelon of the front or reserve of the front and was intended to inflict a powerful counterattack on the enemy and go over to the offensive.

Considering that the advancing enemy had the opportunity to create groups of considerable strength and impact, saturated with tanks and fire weapons, it was planned to build a defense that was already in depth and fully anti-tank. To this end, the subunits of the heavy tank self-propelled regiment were attached to the infantry battalion and the infantry regiment of the first echelon to strengthen the anti-tank infantry defense in the first position or depth of defense.

To enhance the anti-tank defense of the rifle corps and the rifle division defending in important areas, it was planned to use part of the divisions of individual heavy tank self-propelled regiments of the combined-arms army and the RVGK.

In order to increase the stability of defense in the national military theory, the use of formations, as well as tank armies for defense and in the first echelon, and not only during offensive operations, but also during defensive operations, was envisaged.
Nuclear missile appearance weaponswhich became the decisive means of warfare, influenced the features of the development of organizational forms of tank forces throughout the 50-s and early 60-s, since the first tests of nuclear weapons showed that armored weapons and equipment were the most resistant to their effects.

At the beginning of the 50-ies, in connection with the development of methods of conducting combat operations in the conditions of the use of nuclear weapons and the arrival of new equipment to the troops, active work was carried out to improve the staff organization.

To increase the survivability of troops in the conditions of the use of nuclear weapons by the new states adopted in 1953-1954, a sharp increase in the number of tanks, armored personnel carriers, artillery and anti-aircraft weapons in their composition was envisaged.

According to the new states of the tank and mechanized divisions adopted in 1954, the mechanized regiment was introduced into the tank division, and 5 tanks were included in the tank platoon of the tank regiment. The number of tanks in the tank regiment increased to 105 machines.

In the middle of 1954, new states were introduced for the mechanized divisions of rifle corps. In the mechanized division there were: three mechanized regiments, a tank regiment, a heavy tank regiment, a separate mortar battalion, an artillery regiment, an anti-aircraft artillery regiment, a separate reconnaissance battalion, a separate engineer battalion, a separate communications battalion, a company of radiochemical protection and a helicopter unit.

The new organization has a tendency to reduce the specific weight of rifle subunits as part of formations and units, confirmed by the replacement of heavy tanker self-propelled regiments with tank and mechanized battalion divisions with motorized rifle companies. This was due to the desire to reduce the number of personnel not covered with armor, and thereby increase the anti-nuclear stability of parts and formations.
As the experience of the battles of the Great Patriotic War and the post-war exercises showed, the armies that broke through the enemy defenses needed to increase their striking power, which at that time was carried by the heavy tanks EC-2 and EC-3.

In 1954, it was decided to form heavy tank divisions. The heavy tank division consisted of three heavy tank regiments, armed with 195 heavy tanks such as the EC-2 and EC-3. Characteristic in the organizational structure of the heavy tank division was: the low proportion of infantry (only one motorized rifle company in each of the three regiments), the absence of field artillery, a reduced composition of combat support and service units.

In the same year, the number of tank (or self-propelled artillery) battalions in the mechanized army was increased from 42 to 44 (including heavy ones from 6 to 12), the number of motorized rifle battalions was reduced from 34 to 30. Accordingly, the number of medium tanks increased to 1233, heavy - to 184.

The number of heavy tanks in the CA armored division remained unchanged - 46 tanks EC-2 and EC-3. The number of heavy tanks in the mechanized division increased from 24 to 46, that is, by the number of heavy tanks EC-2 and EC-3, it became equal to the tank division.






Tanks EC-3 one of the armored parts of the Moscow Military District. Naro-Fominsk, August 1956


Such structures and the composition of divisions were determined by their purpose and methods of combat use and provided them with high impact force, mobility and controllability.

The main directions of improving the organizational and staffing structure of tank and mechanized divisions were to increase their combat independence, as well as survivability, achieved by increasing their firepower, striking power and capabilities for the comprehensive support of combat operations. At the same time, there were tendencies to increase the uniformity of the combat composition of tank formations and units and to reduce the proportion of infantry in their composition.

The need to protect the personnel of the mechanized units and formations from defeat by their enemy fire weapons was confirmed by the Hungarian events of the fall of 1956 of the year.

Exercises in the territory of Hungary. One can see the heavy Soviet tank IS-3, which was very actively used later in street battles on the territory of Budapest. Summer 1955


Wrecked tank EC-3 on one of the streets of Budapest. Hungary, October 1956



Burnt and destroyed from the detonation of ammunition tank tank EC-3. Hungary, Budapest, November 1956



Tank IS-3М in a trench in a defensive position


Tank EC-3, transferred to the army of Czechoslovakia. 1950-s.


During the Great Patriotic War, Hungary fought on the side of Germany. On the Eastern Front, 200, thousands of Hungarian servicemen, fought against the Red Army in the USSR. Unlike other allies of Nazi Germany - Italy, Romania, Finland, who after the defeat of the Wehrmacht in 1943-1944 in time turned the weapon on 180 degrees, the Hungarian troops in their overwhelming majority fought to the end. The Red Army lost 200 thousand people in the battles for Hungary.

According to the 1947 peace treaty of the year, Hungary lost all its territories acquired on the eve and during the Second World War, and was forced to pay reparations: 200 million dollars to the Soviet Union and 100 million Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. The Soviet Union, in accordance with the treaty, had the right to keep its troops in Hungary, necessary to maintain communications with its group of troops in Austria.
In 1955, the Soviet troops left Austria, but in May of the same year Hungary joined the Warsaw Pact, and the CA troops were left in the country in a new capacity and were named Special Corps. The Special Corps included 2-I and 17-I Guards mechanized divisions, from the Air Force - 195-I fighter and 172-I bombing divisions, as well as auxiliary parts.

Most of the Hungarians did not consider their country guilty of unleashing World War II and believed that Moscow had acted extremely unfairly with Hungary, despite the fact that the former Western allies of the USSR in the Anti-Hitler Coalition supported all the points of the 1947 peace treaty of the year. In addition, Western Voice of America, BBC and others actively influenced the Hungarian population, calling for their fight for freedom and promising immediate assistance in the event of an uprising, including the invasion of NATO troops on the territory of Hungary.

October 23 1956 in the atmosphere of the impending public explosion and under the influence of the Polish events in Budapest, the 200-thousandth demonstration was held, in which representatives of almost all segments of the population took part. It began under the slogans of the country's national independence, democratization, the complete correction of the mistakes of the “rakoshisky leadership”, bringing to justice those responsible for the repression of 1949-1953. Among the demands were: the immediate convocation of a party congress, the appointment of Imre Nadi as prime minister, the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Hungary, the destruction of the monument to I.V. Stalin. In the course of the first clashes with the security forces, the character of the manifestation changed: anti-government slogans appeared.

The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Volunteer General Assembly, Gere, appealed to the Soviet government with a request to bring Soviet troops stationed in Hungary into Budapest. In a radio address to the people, he qualified what happened as a counter-revolution.

On the evening of October 23, the uprising began on 1956. Armed demonstrators seized a radio center, a number of military and industrial facilities. A state of emergency was introduced in the country. At this time, about 7 thousand Hungarian troops and 50 tanks were deployed in Budapest. At night, the Plenary Meeting of the Central Committee of the VTP formed a new government headed by Imre Nagy, who, attending the meeting of the Central Committee, did not object to inviting the Soviet troops. However, the next day, when the troops entered the capital, Nagy rejected the request of the Soviet Ambassador to Hungary Yu.V. Andropov sign the corresponding letter.

On October 23, 1956, at 23 p.m. the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union V. Sokolovsky, by telephone with a high-frequency signal, ordered the commander of the Special Corps, General P. Lashchenko, to deploy troops to Budapest (Compass plan). In accordance with the decision of the Government of the USSR “on providing assistance to the Hungarian People’s Government in connection with the political unrest that arose in the country,” the USSR Ministry of Defense involved only five divisions of the ground forces in the operation. They included 31550 personnel, 1130 tanks (T-34-85, T-44, T-54 and IS-3) and self-propelled artillery pieces (SU-100 and ISU-152), 615 guns and mortars, 185 anti-aircraft guns, 380 armored personnel carriers, 3830 vehicles. At the same time were put on full alert aviation divisions with 159 fighters and 122 bombers. These planes, in particular, the fighters that covered the Soviet troops, were needed not against the rebels, but in case NATO airplanes appeared in Hungary. Also, some divisions on the territory of Romania and the Carpathian Military District were put on high alert.

In accordance with the plan "Compass" on the night of October 24 1956, units of the 2 Guards Division were introduced into Budapest. The 37 tank and 40 mechanized regiments of this division managed to clear the center of the city from the rebels and take under protection the most important points (railway stations, banks, airfield, government offices). In the evening, they were joined by units of the 3 Infantry Corps of the Hungarian People’s Army. In the first hours, they destroyed about 340 armed rebels. The numerical and combat strength of the Soviet units stationed in the city comprised about 6 thousand soldiers and officers, 290 tanks, 120 armored personnel carriers and 156 guns. However, this was clearly not enough for fighting in a big city with a population of 2 million.

In the morning of October 25, the 33-I Guards Mechanized Division approached Budapest, and by the evening the 128-I Guards Rifle Division. By this time, the resistance of the rebels in the center of Budapest intensified. This happened as a result of the murder of a Soviet officer and the burning of a single tank during a peaceful rally. In this connection, the 33 division was assigned a combat mission: to clear the central part of the city from the armed forces, where the rebel strongholds had already been established. They used anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns, grenade launchers, anti-tank grenades and incendiary bottles to fight Soviet tanks. As a result of the battle, the rebels lost only killed 60 people.

On the morning of October 28, it was planned to storm the center of Budapest together with the units of the 5 and 6 of the Hungarian mechanized regiments. However, before the start of the operation, the Hungarian units were ordered not to participate in the hostilities.

October 29 ceasefire orders received and the Soviet troops. The next day, the government of Imre Nagy demanded the immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops from Budapest. On October 31, all Soviet formations and units were withdrawn from the city and took up positions in 15-20 km from the city. The headquarters of the Special Corps is located at the airfield in Tekel. At the same time, the Minister of Defense of the USSR Georgy Zhukov was instructed by the CPSU Central Committee "to develop an appropriate plan of measures related to events in Hungary."

1 November 1956 of the year the Hungarian government headed by Imre Nagy announced the country's withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact and demanded the immediate withdrawal of Soviet troops. At the same time, a defensive line was created around Budapest, reinforced by dozens of anti-aircraft and anti-tank guns. In the settlements adjacent to the city, outposts appeared with tanks and artillery. The number of Hungarian troops in the city reached 50 thousand people. In addition, more than 10 thousand people were part of the "National Guard". The number of tanks increased to one hundred.

The Soviet command carefully worked out the operation under the code name "Whirlwind" to seize Budapest, using the experience of the Great Patriotic War. The main task was carried out by the Special Corps under the command of General P. Lashchenko, who was given two tank, two elite parachute, mechanized and artillery regiments, as well as two battalions of heavy mortars and rocket launchers.
The divisions of the Special Corps were aimed at actions in the same areas of the city in which they held objects until they left it in October, which somewhat facilitated the fulfillment of their combat missions.

On 6 on the morning of November 4 on the 1956 of the year, a “Whirlwind” operation was launched on the “Thunder” signal. The forward detachments and the main forces of the 2 and 33 Guards Mechanized Divisions, the 128 Guards Rifle Division in columns along their routes rushed from Budapest from various directions and, overcoming armed resistance on its outskirts, by 7 in the morning they broke into the city.

Combinations of the armies of generals A. Babajanyan and X. Mamsurov began to take active steps to restore order and restore the authorities in Debrecen, Miskolc, Gyor and other cities.

The airborne units of the SA disarmed the Hungarian anti-aircraft batteries, which blocked the airfields of the Soviet air units in Veszprem and Tekel.
Parts of the 2 Guards Division to 7 h. 30 min. they seized bridges across the Danube, the parliament, the buildings of the Central Committee of the party, the ministries of internal and foreign affairs, the State Council and the Nyugati station. A guard battalion was disarmed in the parliament area and three tanks were captured.

The 37 Tank Regiment of Colonel Lipinsky disarmed about 250 officers and “national guardsmen” during the seizure of the building of the Ministry of Defense.
The 87 heavy tank-self-propelled regiment seized an arsenal in the Fot area and also disarmed the Hungarian tank regiment.

During the day of the battle, parts of the division were disarmed before the 600 man, captured about 100 tanks, two artillery warehouses, 15 anti-aircraft guns and a large number of small arms.

Units of the 33 Guards Mechanized Division, without encountering resistance at first, seized the artillery arsenal in Peszentlerinz, three bridges across the Danube, and also disarmed the units of the Hungarian regiment that had gone over to the rebels.

The 108th Parachute Regiment of the 7th Guards Airborne Division disarmed five Hungarian anti-aircraft batteries, which blocked the airfield in Tekla, with sudden actions.

128-th Guards Rifle Division of Colonel N. Gorbunov by the forces of the forward detachments in the western part of the city captured the Budaersh airfield for 7 hours, capturing the 22 aircraft, as well as the barracks of the communications school, disarmed the 7 mechanized regiment, which had tried to affect the station, attempted to affect the station.

Attempts by units of the division to capture the area of ​​Moscow, the Royal Fortress, as well as neighborhoods from the south to Mount Gellert, were not successful due to strong resistance.

As the Soviet divisions moved toward the center of the city, the armed units put up more organized and stubborn resistance, especially with the withdrawal of units to the Central Telephone Station, the Korvin area, the Keleti railway station, the Royal Fortress and Moscow Square. The strong points of the Hungarians became more powerful, and the number of anti-tank weapons increased. A part of public buildings was also prepared for defense.
It was necessary to strengthen the troops operating in the city, and to organize the preparation and support of their actions.

For the quick defeat of the armed detachments in Budapest at the direction of Marshal of the Soviet Union I. Konev, two tank regiments (100 tank regiment of 31 tank division and 128 tank assault regiment of 66 guards rifle division) were additionally assigned to the Special Corps. and 80 th paratroop regiments from 381 th and 7 th Guards airborne division, rifle regiment, mechanized regiment, artillery regiment, and two divisions of the heavy mortar and reactive brigades.

Most of these units were attached to the reinforcement of the 33 th mechanized and 128 th rifle guards divisions.

In order to master strong areas of resistance - the Korvin area, the University campus, the Moscow area, the Korolevskaya square, where armed groups of up to 300-500 people were stationed, the division commanders were forced to draw significant forces of infantry, artillery and tanks, create assault groups and use incendiary shells, flamethrowers, smoke grenades and checkers. Without this, attempts to master these foci of resistance led to large losses in personnel.

5 November 1956, part of the 33 Guards Mechanized Division of General Obaturov after a heavy artillery raid, in which the 11 artillery battalions, which included 170 guns and mortars, were involved, took the last heavily fortified Rebel stronghold in Cor. During 5 and 6 on November, units of the Special Corps continued to eliminate individual rebel groups in Budapest. On November 7, Janos Kadar and the newly formed Government of Hungary arrived in Budapest.

During the fighting, the losses of the Soviet troops were 720 people killed, 1540 wounded, 51 people went missing. More than half of these losses were incurred by parts of the Special Corps, mostly in October. The 7 and 31 units of the Guards airborne divisions lost 85 people killed, 265 wounded and 12 people missing. In street battles a large number of tanks, armored personnel carriers and other military equipment were damaged and damaged. So, part of 33-th Guards Mechanized Division lost in Budapest 14 tanks and self-propelled guns, armored personnel carriers 9, 13 guns, combat vehicles BM 4-13, 6 anti-aircraft guns, machine guns 45, 31 5 car and motorcycle.

The participation of the EC-3 heavy tanks in the fighting in Budapest was the only one in operation during the Soviet tank units. After the modernization of the vehicle, carried out in 1947-1953 years and up to 1960, during the overhaul, first at the industrial plants (ChKZ and LKZ), and then at the overhaul plants of the Ministry of Defense, the EC-3 tanks, designated as EC-3M , exploited by the troops until the end of the 70's.

Subsequently, some of the vehicles were put into storage, some after the service life, and also replacing them with new T-10 heavy tanks — for decommissioning or as targets on tank landfills, and some were used in fortifications on the Soviet-Chinese border as fixed firing points . As noted above, the EC-3 (EC-3М) tanks, together with the EC-2 and T-10 heavy tanks with its subsequent modifications, were removed from the Russian (Soviet) Army in 1993.

Although the tank EC-3 (EC-3M) did not take part in World War 1941-1945, in many cities of Russia it was installed as a monument in honor of the victory in this war. A large number of these machines are available in museums around the world. The EC-3М tanks in Moscow are represented in the exposition of the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945. on Poklonnaya Hill, in the Museum of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, in the Museum of Armored Armament and Equipment in Kubinka.

During serial production, the EC-3 tank was not exported. In 1946, two tanks were transferred by the Soviet government to Poland to familiarize themselves with the machine design and train the trainers. In the 50-s, both cars several times participated in military parades in Warsaw. Subsequently, prior to the start of the 70, one machine was at the Military Technical Academy in Warsaw, and then used as a target at one of the training grounds. The second tank EC-3 was transferred to the Higher Officer School of Tank Forces named after S. Charnetsky, in the library of which it is kept to the present.

In 1950, one tank EC-3 was transferred to Czechoslovakia. In addition, a significant number of EC-3 tanks were transferred to the DPRK. In the 60-ies in the two North Korean tank divisions there was one regiment of these heavy machines.


Heavy tank ИС-3 from the composition of one of the parts of the Baltic Military District



Heavy tank IS-3M Egyptian army. Most likely the car belongs to the 7-th Infantry Division. Sinai Peninsula, 1967


At the end of the 50-s, tanks such as EC-3 and EC-3M were delivered to Egypt. 23 July 1956, the EC-3 tanks took part in the parade in honor of the "Independence Day" in Cairo. Most of the EC-3 and EC-3М tanks from 100 vehicles delivered to Egypt arrived in this country in the 1962-1967 years.

These tanks took part in the fighting during the so-called "six-day" war, which began on June 5 on the Sinai Peninsula between Egypt and Israel. The decisive role in the combat operations in this war was played by tank and mechanized units, the basis of which from the Israeli side were the American tanks M1967A48, the English Centurion Mk.2 and Mk.5, the weapons of which were modernized in Israel by installing more powerful 7-mm tank guns, as well as modernized tanks M105 "Sherman" with the French 4-mm guns. From the Egyptian side, they were opposed by Soviet-made tanks: medium T-105-34, T-85, T-54 and heavy EC-55. The X-NUMX heavy tanks, in particular, were armed with the 3 Infantry Division, which defended Khan-Yunis-Rafah. The 3 tanks of the EC-7 were in service with the 60 tank tank brigade, which occupied combat positions near Al Kuntilla.

Egyptian tank lost during the Doomsday War


Egyptian tank EC-3M captured by the Israelis


The IS-3 (IS-3М) heavy tanks could have become a serious enemy for the Israelis, but this did not happen, despite the fact that several M48 tanks were destroyed by them. In a highly maneuverable battlefield, the EC-3 tank was losing to more modern Israeli tanks. The low rate of fire, limited ammunition and outdated fire control systems, as well as the inability to work in the hot climate of the B-11 engine, had an effect. In addition, the lack of combat training of the Egyptian tank crews also affected. The morale and morale of the soldiers who had not shown steadfastness and stubbornness was also low. The latter circumstance illustrates well the unique from the point of view of tank battle, but a typical episode for the “six-day” war. One JS-3M tank was shot down in the Rafah area by a hand grenade that accidentally flew into the ... open turret hatch, as the Egyptian tank crews went into battle with open hatches to be able to leave the tank more quickly if it was defeated.

The retreating 125 Tank Brigade soldiers simply abandoned their tanks, including the EC-3M, which the Israelis got in perfect condition. As a result of the “six-day” war, the Egyptian army lost the 72 tank EC-3 (EC-3М). By 1973, the Egyptian army had only one tank regiment, which was armed with the EC-3 (EC-3М) tanks. To date, data on the participation of this regiment in the fighting is not.

But the Israel Defense Forces used the EC-3M captured tanks before the beginning of the 70-s, including as a tank tractor. At the same time, the worn out B-54K-IC engines were replaced with B-54 from T-54A captured tanks. On the part of the tanks, simultaneously with the engine, the roof of the logistics also changed, obviously, along with the cooling system. One of these tanks is currently located at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in the USA.



Tank EC-3M, converted by the Israelis. This sample is equipped with a diesel B-54 and a MTO roof from a T-54A tank. USA, Aberdeen Proving Ground, 1990


For the Arab-Israeli war 1973, the Israelis removed engines and transmissions from several EC-3M tanks, and placed additional ammunition at the vacated places. These tanks were installed on inclined concrete pads, which made it possible to ensure the angles of elevation of the barrels of tank guns to 45 °. Two such EC-3 tanks were used during the “War of attrition” in 1969-1970 in the fortified point “Tempo” (“Okral”) of the so-called “Bar-Lev Line” (the northernmost fortified point located along the Suez Canal) 10 km south of Port Said). Two more EC-3 tanks equipped in the same way were installed in the fortified point “Budapest” (on the Mediterranean coast, in 12 km east of Port Said). After the stocks of captured ammunition for the D-25T cannons were exhausted, these vehicles again fell into the hands of the Egyptians during the fighting.
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  1. avt
    avt 27 March 2013 09: 21 New
    41
    good Thank you especially for covering the Hungarian events. That would bring the Compass plan to a logical conclusion, there would be no unnecessary casualties during the second operation. Since the troops had come, there was nothing to slow down! They would crush the Salashists as Gelen’s in the bud, and give them time get together, arm and hope for military assistance from the west.
    1. nakaz
      nakaz 27 March 2013 16: 57 New
      15
      The enemies of the socialist regime had to be crushed: Khrushchev, Gorbachev, Yeltsin ...
      1. 11 black
        11 black 10 October 2016 18: 22 New
        10
        Quote: nakaz
        The enemies of the socialist regime had to be crushed: Khrushchev, Gorbachev, Yeltsin ...

        It is very convenient to shift ALL blame for the collapse of the union to Khrushchev, Gorbachev, Yeltsin ...
        I repeat, if in the USSR everything was normal with the quality of life, then neither Humpback nor Yeltsin could have destroyed it - no one, if people were happy with life in the Union and no perestroika would have been scary - one couldn’t make a person happy with his life go to the “Maidan” - however 110 MILLION people voted in favor of preserving the USSR in a referendum, “Against” 32 MILLION - the question is, where did these 32 MILLION dissatisfied with the Union come from - the amount is huge.
        At the same time, Asians (Azerbaijanis, Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, and Tajiks voted mainly for preservation), realizing that without the Union they would become what they became) the Russian Federation’s share of the votes “For Preservation” remains somewhere around 65% - the rest “Against” - if everything was fine in the Union, then considering that all “our” Asia voted “For” at 90-95%, whence only RSFSR approximately 25 MLN people voted against?
        This despite the fact that the question of voting itself implied fundamental changes in the structure of the Union, there wasn’t even a word about maintaining the previous device - The referendum question was:
        "Do you consider it necessary to preserve the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as an updated federation of equal sovereign republicsin which the rights and freedoms of a person of any nationality will be fully guaranteed? "
        PS - however, although it is disgusting and not patriotic - I won’t stop wondering about this operation of mattresses - the strongest, practically unbeatable militarily country ... destroyed without a single shot by the hands of its own population - what can I add ... sad
        1. propaganda NO
          propaganda NO 13 October 2016 14: 11 New
          11
          The quality of life was normal and excellent, but when the hunchbacked standard of living began to rule and began to decline: artificial shortage of products, as a result of the queue in stores, and, and, and, that's it! There were no more flaws in the standard of living.
          Attacks have a significant impact on the collapse of the USSR gave propaganda "happy and sweet life" in the capitalist countries. Who did not track and predict the result of such propaganda ???? This is where 32 million come from, who sold the country for jeans, for pretty candy wrappers, for a train to the west (where Russians are treated like cattle, just do not need to be treated here about how the West loves Russian), if you believe such arithmetic voted in the referendum.
          1. 11 black
            11 black 14 October 2016 11: 25 New
            +4
            Quote: Propaganda NO
            There were no more flaws in the standard of living.

            In comparison with the west was not? Seriously? Ha Ha Ha
            Food shortages are the least of troubles (whether artificial or not is a big question) - but normal cars, normal household appliances, computers, televisions, less propaganda TV shows, normal salaries, amusement parks, world-class resorts - this is excuse me.
            The happy and sweet life of the West (which was de facto better than in the Union) for the citizens of the USSR became such a shock only because for decades they had been driven into the head of a fairy tale about “The Rotting West,” which in fact even the working class ALWAYS ahead of the USSR, and then the Iron Curtain collapsed and the lie was revealed - everything, cognitive dissonance. That's where it really came from ...
            Quote: Propaganda NO
            and they take 32 million who sold the country for jeans, for pretty candy wrappers, for a train to the west (where Russians are treated like cattle, but you don’t have to treat here how the West loves Russians)

            It was necessary to lie to their own citizens less and invest more in the quality of life of the population - then the Union could have resisted.
            1. propaganda NO
              propaganda NO 14 October 2016 14: 06 New
              19
              normal cars, normal household appliances, computers, televisions, less propaganda TV shows, normal salaries, amusement parks, world-class resorts


              normal cars - Muscovite 412 won Rali in due time;
              normal household appliances ..... - yes, it certainly wasn’t, wasn’t at all, everyone used crumpled aluminum pots and brooms from birch branches, which was the reason for replacing the political system of the country and changing the borders of the country, that's where the dog is buried;
              computers, and they weren’t - rockets into space and moon rovers flew and rode by pike dictation, about which rockets and moon rovers;
              TVs - this is how we (peoples in the post-Soviet space) generally found out about them only after the Iron Curtain was removed, and it’s all the CPSU's fault, oh, what a bad party, I wonder what my father looked at the screen telling me what they were;
              normal salaries - a normal salary is when at least there is enough to pay for a communal apartment, buying food, visiting Des / kindergarten, visiting secondary and higher educational institutions, treating citizens and other expenses for a month - apparently you have an opinion that earlier (before 1991) Z / P was not enough, and now under capitalism and democracy the entire population of the country has enough for everything ..... prrrrrrrrrrr .... (farted as it should);
              amusement parks - I don’t even know what to say, on the accusation against the USSR that amusement parks were not built, how can it be that surely a resident of Moscow (you are 11 black) does not know about the existence of PKiO to them. Gorky, Sokolniki, and the park at VDNH is generally an illusion;
              world-class resorts - again to a point, the Soviet government did not build this shnyaga, maybe due to the fact that there was enough money because rest houses, sanatoriums, dispensaries and other health facilities were built all over the country where, for all, I repeat for all residents of the country (from a janitor to the director) a ticket was given for treatment and recovery and the procedures were carried out in them such (at a cost) that not every businessman now is a speculator, he is an exploiter, he is a businessman, he is a parasite and cannot afford the cost.

              Your position is clear to me, no matter what arguments are given anyway. Socialism with Communism sucks, because you probably belonged to the category of people before 1991, parasites who did not work and did not receive all the benefits, and then after 1991 r just illegally got some kind of "tidbit" on the basis of which you get a steady income and naively believe this because of the collapse of the USSR and democracy.
              Quote: 11 black
              normal cars, normal household appliances, computers, televisions, less propaganda TV shows, normal salaries, amusement parks, world-class resorts
            2. Uncle Murzik
              Uncle Murzik 18 March 2017 11: 14 New
              +1
              11 black fifteen years ago and cell phones were rare!
        2. Jackking
          Jackking 13 October 2016 16: 21 New
          11
          By the beginning of the 90s, dynasties of nomenclature and hucksters were formed, which, having stolen heaps of money, could not use them openly. And from there went stuffing about how good it is to live behind a hill, where freedom and everyone has a Mercedes. In parallel, all these “zavsklad, holektor magazin”, while promoting the nomenclature, began to gradually disrupt the supply of products to the shelves. Why am I talking so confidently about this: having been in the Yeltsin Center this summer, I was amazed at that. how simple people are considered fools - they say to visitors that there was nothing on the shelves. starvation threatened, and at this difficult time, Yeltsin instills a thought into the population. that the prices of goods must be market. And suddenly. as if by magic. products appeared on the shelves, albeit at a multiple price. and this is presented as a merit of Yeltsin. But for some reason no one thinks - but where did they suddenly (if it was previously unprofitable to produce) come up with these products within a couple of days ??? What, fell from the sky, or all the same they were just brought from warehouses, but at a different price ...
          PS after visiting this center there is a burning desire to raze it to the ground. but it doesn’t work out - Dima-iPhone when he was president adopted a decree that such a center would be built for each president. Apparently, realizing his worthlessness. decided by his power to perpetuate himself ...
        3. - = ANTRAX = -
          - = ANTRAX = - 15 May 2017 13: 17 New
          0
          you somehow forgot about the events of the 91st year ...
        4. isker
          isker 5 July 2017 10: 30 New
          0
          ".. I repeat again, if everything was normal with the quality of life in the USSR, neither Humpback nor Yeltsin could have ruined it - no one, would people be happy with life in the Union and no perestroika would be scary - happy with life there’s no way to force a person to go to the “Maidan” - however, 110 MLN people voted for the preservation of the USSR “For”;
          Nothing like that!
          The collapse of the USSR - was programmed by Brezhnev with the filing of Khrushchev! The fact that Lenichka did not have the mind to understand what his actions would lead to does not diminish his guilt! So - no "standard of living of the population" - could no longer stop the impending "avalanche of decay"!
        5. Captain Pushkin
          Captain Pushkin 4 September 2017 17: 15 New
          +2
          Quote: 11 black
          if in the USSR everything was normal with the quality of life, then neither Humpback nor Yeltsin could have destroyed it - no one

          In Libya, the standard of living was nowhere higher, but still collapsed ...
          Quote: 11 black
          had people been happy with life in the Union and no restructuring would have been scary

          The party elite and the bureaucratic nomenclature of all stripes were not happy with their lives. So she ruined the country. moreover, not by sheer folly, as some believe, but very purposefully - she led her people to key positions, established hidden channels of communication with the leadership of the United States and Great Britain, synchronized her actions and began to implement plans developed in the United States.
        6. Yuriy789
          Yuriy789 17 October 2017 08: 24 New
          0
          but, the example of Gaddafi doesn’t tell you anything? there the social sphere was under his rule, God forbid us .... but he was overthrown under the guidance of his own people from outside. this people that lived badly? if in the case of Gaddafi, it was easier to deceive the people than to break Gaddafi. then in our history people were also deceived, telling tales about Western life, so also these traitorous rulers had a hand in hand. In the “era of stagnation”, Brezhnev built so many things, both VAZ and BAM and the Druzhba pipeline — these are only the most significant construction projects, and under Gorbachev this Druzhba pipeline was turned into a “needle”, and what could the people do? just call the Friendship-2 chainsaw and go nuts why everything is more dull and dull. since domestic politics was not in favor of the people. and what could this people do if the People’s Party put such a monster at the head of the state, because the people believed in the Central Committee of the CPSU. why, after his reign, Gorbachev rushed to live in Europe, and did not stay here? who gave him money to organize a fund of his own name ?. rushed to the west, and this with the knowledge of all kinds of secrets, both governmental and military, although many secrets were revealed during his reign, and many were destroyed under the guise of disarmament ... not for nothing that people say - the fish rots from the head. and Gorbachev, under the guise of freedoms, gave us cheated people chewing gum and permissiveness, his rule was the golden time of grabbers and grave-hunters. in the period of the Alkash they only got stronger, plundering the remnants of the Soviet heritage. but b ** b, democracy.
        7. leshiy076
          leshiy076 31 December 2017 13: 32 New
          0
          It must be understood that after the collapse of the USSR, the quality of life improved? It remains only to find out from whom.
    2. psdf
      psdf 27 March 2013 19: 05 New
      11
      Afterglow is a great power.
      1. cumastra1
        cumastra1 10 October 2016 11: 56 New
        +3
        Nothing of the kind, this is not aftertaste, but the law. If the enemy is not finished off, he will raise his weapon again. It was always and everywhere. And it will be always and everywhere.
        1. Astrey
          Astrey 10 October 2016 20: 10 New
          +4
          Hungarians fussed like a treasure. After the events of 1938, when, after the seizure of Czechoslovakia, they destroyed millions of Ukrainians in Transcarpathia (in some sources - more than 5 people) - to be ridiculous with SUCH neighbors is simply a crime.
          1. rjxtufh
            rjxtufh 10 October 2016 22: 16 New
            +7
            Quote: Astrey
            Onet destroyed millions of Ukrainians in Transcarpathia (in some sources - more than 5 people)

            1. "Ukrainians of Transcarpathia" during the period of the Hungarian occupation, that's cool. It is a pity that the Rusyns of Transcarpathia before 1945. did not know that they are Ukrainians. And only when the mustachioed Joe very strongly explained this to them, they reluctantly had to agree with this.
            By the way, the Subcarpathian Rusyns (Galicians) and Volyn Litvinians also affected this fully. Only in 1939 As well as Bukovinian Romanians and southern Bessarabian Bulgarians and Gagauz, but in 1940.
            2. Where could a million (and even 5 million) annihilated inhabitants come from? There and now a little more than 1 million people live.
    3. psdf
      psdf 28 March 2013 06: 01 New
      +2
      Munich, Washington is no longer a "Compass"))) ... But I like your train of thought)))
      The uprising for the military was not a surprise - given the difficult political situation in the country, the corps command in July 1956, by order of Moscow, developed the "Plan of Action of the Soviet troops to maintain and restore public order in Hungary." After the plan was approved by the commander of the Special Corps, he received the name "Compass".

      In Munich, on Lockerstrasse, a recruiting station was operating, headed by the captain of the American army. From here, former Nazi supporters headed for
      to the scene. On October 27, one of the groups (about 30 people) was transferred to Hungary with the help of border guards of neutral Austria. More than 500 “freedom fighters” were deployed from England. From the French Fontainebleau, where NATO headquarters was then located, several dozen groups were sent.
    4. Rus2012
      Rus2012 20 November 2016 10: 58 New
      0
      Quote: avt
      thanks for the coverage

      + 1!
      I would also like an article about -
      .new T-10 heavy tanks

      Little is known about the T-10 in operation.
      Although it is an extremely interesting story ...
  2. Alew
    Alew 27 March 2013 11: 13 New
    20
    These salashists do not mind their cruelty left in Russia about themselves a "good memory" Let them be sympathetic to us
    1. Alew
      Alew 27 March 2013 11: 53 New
      0
      Let them be our shit and sympathize with IP 3 (there was a glitch)
    2. Denis
      Denis April 4 2013 19: 19 New
      +3
      Quote: ALEW
      These salashists do not mind their cruelty left in Russia about themselves a "good memory" Let them be sympathetic to us
      They also pamper memory. Today, in the doc film about the Cold War, the director was already languishing about the Hungarian events. And what is most disgusting is not on some yolk channel, but on a star. And the Hungarians there fell even under the blows of aviation (?!?!? !)
      During the fighting, the losses of the Soviet troops amounted to 720 people killed, 1540 wounded, 51 people went missing. More than half of these losses were suffered by parts of the Special Corps, mainly in October. Parts of the 7th and 31st Guards Airborne Divisions lost 85 people killed, 265 wounded and 12 missing
      And the loss voiced:
      our 7000 people
      poor people over 20000
      Tongue to snatch!
  3. bunta
    bunta 27 March 2013 11: 35 New
    +4
    IS 3 in Izhevsk.
  4. predator.3
    predator.3 27 March 2013 12: 08 New
    +3
    Somehow during the exercises (at the Lviv training center) I specifically stopped near the IS-3, which stood as a target and covered it, but the thickness of the frontal armor is a class! fellow
    1. gladcu2
      gladcu2 24 November 2016 05: 20 New
      0
      predator

      In the Russian Rawa? Been there too.
  5. Mohomax
    Mohomax 27 March 2013 12: 50 New
    0
    Well, of course, the Egyptians blundered against Israel, I expected to read that the IS3M was so cool that it just moved all the other tanks of the enemy, but it wasn’t
    1. 73petia
      73petia 28 March 2013 03: 43 New
      +4
      I do not know how it is now, but in the seventies the warriors from the Egyptians were weak. So many technicians disfigured just like that because of incompetence. He himself was a witness.
      1. Denis
        Denis 28 March 2013 05: 02 New
        +3
        Quote: 73petia
        I don’t know how it is now, but in the seventies warriors from the Egyptians were weak
        In the six-day war, one IS-3M was hit in the Rafah district with a hand grenade flying into an open tower hatch. Egyptian tankers went into battle with open hatches in order to leave the tank faster in the event of a threat of defeat. The soldiers of the 125th tank brigade, retreating, simply abandoned their IS-3M tanks, which the Israelis got in good condition - Russian tanks number 16
        Yes, little guys
  6. Vital 33
    Vital 33 27 March 2013 14: 00 New
    +6
    Yeah, thanks for the Hungarian events, I knew, but that everything was so seriously was not in the know ...
  7. avt
    avt 27 March 2013 14: 46 New
    +6
    Quote: Vital 33
    Yeah, thanks for the Hungarian events, I knew, but that everything was so seriously was not in the know ...

    This is just what is on the surface! But if you look at the position taken by Tito in the events, and even prepare them as “allies,” then you’ll get a very interesting alignment. But I repeat - they made the first call with the help of Gehlen in Germany. But there the experts worked clearly ahead of schedule and the army only Well, and here ..... request Thanks, I'm crumbling.
    1. Magua-xnumx
      Magua-xnumx 9 October 2016 21: 40 New
      +4
      In general, he arranged all of this on purpose, it all began with the demolition of the monument to Stalin and the “fight against the cult of personality”, only then they rebelled from indulgence and impunity. There was an article on this topic.
    2. rjxtufh
      rjxtufh 10 October 2016 12: 35 New
      0
      Quote: avt
      Well, here ..... request ,, thank you "I’m crushing.

      Yes, indeed, apparently in vain he organized the feudal revolution in the USSR and brought some fellow citizens out of slavery (both in fact and "according to the papers"). Some do not need this, mentally they are there, in the ass, with the "master". For them, he is "Khrushchev."
  8. Iraclius
    Iraclius 27 March 2013 15: 33 New
    +2
    The car is unique, but by the time the six-day war was already outdated.
    I am sure that if trained soldiers were sitting behind the levers, then the enemy would have been not at all sweet.
    Who in the know from what knocked out that IS-3 in Budapest?
    1. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 27 March 2013 19: 15 New
      13
      Quote: Iraclius
      Who in the know from what knocked out that IS-3 in Budapest?

      I do not know.
      But I am sure that in urban conditions on narrow streets, such a powerful (and beautiful) car could be stopped by setting fire to the Molotov cocktail and. further destroyed by undermining the ammunition.
      Many "bloody" details are omitted in the article (for ethical reasons? - I don’t understand).
      In particular, the “rebels” seized the army hospital in Budapest. I don’t feel like writing about the fate of staff and patients ...
      In the literal sense, several soldiers and officers were caught at the station at the very beginning of the mess.
      In general, the same thing happened with the prisoners, what happened on the battlefields of the Great Patriotic War.
      The Magyars have some kind of pathological hatred for the Russians ...
      And the Red Army / SA stumbled upon the "Hungarian rake" twice: in 1945 and in 1956.
    2. Alew
      Alew 28 March 2013 10: 23 New
      0
      Quote: Iraclius

      Who in the know from what knocked out that IS-3 in Budapest?

      Salashists threw gas bottles from the windows over the tanks
    3. Magua-xnumx
      Magua-xnumx 9 October 2016 21: 37 New
      0
      In 1956, in the center of Budapest, almost all Soviet armored vehicles were knocked into the roof with 37 mm guns from the MiG-15 of the rebel Hungarian Air Force.
      1. rjxtufh
        rjxtufh 10 October 2016 12: 30 New
        0
        Quote: Magua-001
        Hungary's rebel air force

        What kind of Hungarian Air Force?
        1. Magua-xnumx
          Magua-xnumx 11 October 2016 13: 59 New
          +2
          those who turned their weapons against the Allies
  9. biglow
    biglow 27 March 2013 16: 19 New
    +7
    the warriors with the Egyptians are notable, they still think that the technology will fight for them
    1. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior April 4 2013 10: 07 New
      +1
      Yeah ... As one of the "military advisers" from the air defense wrote, during a raid, he suddenly discovered that he was left alone in the cockpit, and the Egyptian comrades fled laughing
  10. z-exit
    z-exit 27 March 2013 16: 36 New
    +6
    As I understand it, the Hungarians put the cons article yes?
    1. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 27 March 2013 19: 19 New
      +7
      Quote: z-exit
      As I understand it, the Hungarians put the cons article yes?

      Fifth column.
      There are scum in Russian villages ....
  11. xomaNN
    xomaNN 27 March 2013 16: 37 New
    0
    The tank really looks very impressive. In the Kiev Museum of the Great Patriotic War, he photographed it with pleasure. And the fate of the battle is not according to the rank he got :))
  12. arduan
    arduan 27 March 2013 19: 37 New
    +4
    Inspired by the article.
    1. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior April 4 2013 10: 08 New
      0
      this is is-2 wassat By wink
      PS: Just kidding
  13. svp67
    svp67 27 March 2013 19: 40 New
    +2
    IS-3, outwardly quite attractive, but it did not reach in terms of "reliability" to its older brother -IS2. Especially, it turned out to be sad, that having created a good body, in terms of armor resistance, the designer did not correctly calculate its rigidity, and this defect could not be completely eliminated, even during modernization.
    1. Crang
      Crang April 2 2013 14: 14 New
      0
      The IS-2 with reliability, too, was not all right.
  14. cobalt
    cobalt 27 March 2013 19: 47 New
    +5
    It is very disappointing that ours did not use the experience of storming cities in the Second World War and taking Budapest in 1956, when storming Grozny in 1995.
  15. grizzlir
    grizzlir 27 March 2013 20: 02 New
    +9
    I won’t comment on the article, the article is good. But the photos of tankers are even better. I think that for all the time of the armored forces, three great tanks were created in our country. These are T-34, IS-3, T-80. Everything else is not bad model but these are the best. In Russia, no model of the main tank has been created yet, except for great promises. Someday my son or grandson will publish my photos on the background of the T-80. I consider this tank to be the best, although I had to fight in a good car , T-72B.
    1. svp67
      svp67 April 4 2013 10: 11 New
      +1
      Quote: grizzlir
      I believe that for all the time of the armored forces, three great tanks were created in our state. These are the T-34, IS-3, T-80.



      If I dwell on the figure THREE, then my list will be slightly different - T44, T10, T80 ...
    2. Denis
      Denis April 4 2013 12: 36 New
      +1
      Quote: grizzlir
      three great tanks. These are the T-34, IS-3, T-80
      In vain the T-64 is not mentioned, the car is largely revolutionary
    3. BSrazvedka
      BSrazvedka 9 October 2016 23: 14 New
      +2
      You forgot to mention the T-54/55. This is among the tanks, approximately the same as the Kalashnikov assault rifle among small arms.
  16. Klim
    Klim 27 March 2013 20: 18 New
    +2
    At Zaysan Lake on the Sino-Soviet border, IPs were used as bunkers. They took out engines and buried them on the tower. In general, the fortified area was powerful, but I don’t know what to do with it now.
  17. redwar6
    redwar6 27 March 2013 20: 19 New
    +1
    Thanks for the interesting article! Excellent selection of photos!
  18. Ilyukha
    Ilyukha 27 March 2013 20: 20 New
    +1
    Good article. The Is-3 is a beautiful machine, only the same engine with the T-34 was simply a necessary measure, and did not increase mobility. Of all the heavy tanks of the end of World War II, it is serving until now! only one English Centurion!
    Well, really, a record ..
    1. Denis
      Denis 28 March 2013 05: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: Ilyukha
      the same engine with the T-34 was simply a necessary measure
      You are wrong, on the thirty-four V-2-34 400 hp, and on the IS-3 V-11 520 hp With the same volume of 38880 cm \ cube, still 120 hp more powerful
    2. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior April 4 2013 10: 14 New
      +1
      Quote: Ilyukha
      Of all the heavy tanks of the end of World War II, it is serving until now! only one English Centurion!

      LARGE? belay Centurion is actually a medium tank, but this time. And secondly, what is serving now, from Centurion he has only a case, inside everything is different wassat
  19. Polkanov
    Polkanov 27 March 2013 20: 35 New
    +4
    ... as a former officer of the Southern Group of Forces, it’s nice to know the details of the 56th year. Information about the iconic car is also interesting ...
  20. Denis
    Denis 28 March 2013 04: 47 New
    +7
    Article +, not Hungarian. In my opinion, the author did not mention the parade of the Allied forces in Berlin in vain on September 7, 1945.52 IS-3 tanks marched along Charlottenburg Highway. A combined tank regiment was formed on the basis of the 71st Guards Heavy Tank Regiment of the 2nd Guards Tank Army. The new Soviet heavy tanks made a shocking impression on our alliesThough cold, but war
    And the Hungarians annealed:
    During the Great Patriotic War, Hungary fought on the side of Germany. On the Eastern Front, 200, thousands of Hungarian servicemen, fought against the Red Army in the USSR. Unlike other allies of Nazi Germany - Italy, Romania, Finland, who after the defeat of the Wehrmacht in 1943-1944 in time turned the weapon on 180 degrees, the Hungarian troops in their overwhelming majority fought to the end. The Red Army lost 200 thousand people in the battles for Hungary.
    But
    Most Hungarians did not consider their country to blame for the outbreak of World War II and believed that Moscow acted with Hungary extremely unfairly.
    Just like children. And who are they after that?
  21. sscha
    sscha 28 March 2013 10: 50 New
    +1
    Here is such a "BABY" standing at the checkpoint of our school (old and new checkpoint), and - ON THE GO!
    1. - = ANTRAX = -
      - = ANTRAX = - 13 November 2016 22: 26 New
      0
      was standing? and where did he go?
  22. seafarer
    seafarer 29 March 2013 01: 08 New
    +2
    My classmate told me that even in the mid-80s, he carried IS-3 tanks on the Kuril Islands on his KFOR (middle landing ship). And there they were installed as pillboxes on airborne hazardous directions.
  23. saryman
    saryman 31 March 2013 12: 45 New
    0
    Great heavy tank !!! A good successor to the IS2 tank
    1. Denis
      Denis April 2 2013 17: 26 New
      +2
      Quote: saryman
      A good successor to the IS2 tank
      More precisely, there will be a change. From IS-2 they are like heaven and earth, one pike nose worth what
  24. Denis
    Denis 31 March 2013 13: 07 New
    +2
    Not about IP, but still today
    March 31, 1940 it was decided to start serial production of the legendary T-34
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=nNKe9C06OUQ
    sings, of course, not very, BUT WORDS!
  25. ken
    ken 31 March 2013 18: 18 New
    +1
    I love the story, but I read about IS-3 for the first time.
  26. Crang
    Crang April 2 2013 14: 13 New
    +1
    It is a pity that these excellent cars did not show themselves. They are still somewhere in the back streets of Russian military units. It would be possible to repair them.
  27. Denis
    Denis April 2 2013 17: 22 New
    +1
    Quote: Krang
    S-2 with reliability was also not all right
    There is a box, a legacy from KV let down
    1. Crang
      Crang April 2 2013 21: 51 New
      +1
      In the IS-2, the transmission was completely different than in the HF. In IS-2, PMP has already been applied.
  28. zhanat77
    zhanat77 April 2 2013 19: 43 New
    +1
    The tank is handsome, inspires respect power, it is a pity that in the Second World War did not have time to check in. Thank you for the article, I knew little about the events in Hungary.
  29. Rubon
    Rubon 2 August 2013 05: 33 New
    +2
    In the early 80s, I was at the Dretunsky training ground near Polotsk, they stood there as targets, covered them up and down, even had trophies, brand new DT discs ... oh childhood!
  30. The comment was deleted.
  31. NikolaiN
    NikolaiN 11 October 2016 17: 39 New
    +1
    In 87, he saw the IS-3 at a workshop in Wünsdorf when they came to get BMPs. They said that the tank came there under its own power, stood against the wall under a tarp.
  32. veteran66
    veteran66 13 October 2016 18: 52 New
    +1
    Quote: Jackking
    and where all of a sudden (if it was previously unprofitable to produce before) these products appeared within a couple of days

    You either did not understand, or were not then in the stores. Products not ours were on the shelves. Businessmen from the government took loans and bought cheap products (there, over the hill), and here they drove them at free prices (the prices were "released" - the market). But our inefficient food market fell apart, and it did not bring 400% of the profits. Everything is simple.
  33. propaganda NO
    propaganda NO 14 October 2016 14: 04 New
    +1
    Quote: 11 black
    normal cars, normal household appliances, computers, televisions, less propaganda TV shows, normal salaries, amusement parks, world-class resorts

    normal cars - Muscovite 412 won Rali in due time;
    normal household appliances ..... - yes, it definitely wasn’t, it wasn’t at all, all used crumpled aluminum pots and brooms made of birch branches, which was the reason for replacing the political system of the country and changing the borders of the country, this is where the dog is buried;
    computers, and they weren’t - rockets into space and moon rovers flew and traveled by pike, what kind of rockets and moon rovers;
    TV sets - this is how we (peoples in the post-Soviet space) generally found out about them only after the Iron Curtain was removed and it was all the CPSU to blame for this, oh, what a bad party, I wonder what my father looked at the screen telling what they were;
    normal salaries - a normal salary is when at least there is enough to pay for a communal apartment, buying food, visiting Des / kindergarten, visiting secondary and higher educational institutions, treating citizens and other expenses within a month - apparently you have an opinion what happened before (before 1991 .) The s / n was not enough, and now under capitalism and democracy the entire population of the country has enough for everything ..... prrrrrrrrrrr .... (farted as it should);
    amusement parks - I don’t even know what to say, on the accusation against the USSR that amusement parks were not built, how can this be, that for sure a resident of Moscow (you are 11 black) does not know about the existence of PKiO to them. Gorky, Sokolniki, and the park at VDNH is generally an illusion;
    world-class resorts - again to a point, the Soviet government did not build this shnyaga, maybe due to the fact that there was enough money because rest houses, sanatoriums, dispensaries and other health facilities were built all over the country, where for everyone, I repeat for all the inhabitants of the country (from the janitor to the director) a ticket was given for treatment and recovery and the procedures were carried out in them (at a cost) that not every businessman now is a speculator, he is an exploiter, he is a businessman, he can’t afford a parasite because of the high cost .

    Your position is clear to me, no matter what arguments are given anyway. Socialism with Communism sucks, because you probably belonged to the category of people before 1991, parasites who did not work and did not receive all the benefits, and then after 1991 r just illegally got some kind of "tidbit" on the basis of which you get a steady income and naively believe this because of the collapse of the USSR and democracy.
    1. iouris
      iouris 13 February 2017 13: 34 New
      0
      In general, you use an unscientific methodology for evaluating the two systems. Russia to Peter was three hundred years behind the West. Now the backlog has decreased to fifty years. It is unlikely that the level of consumption in our country will ever reach the US (USA). There were no roads in the USSR, therefore exclusively "off-road vehicles" were produced. In addition, such a harsh climate and such a variety of climatic conditions do not exist in any country in the world; therefore, it is simply not correct to compare Soviet equipment and Western technology. Of course, this affects the price. However, in the USSR there was an advanced engineering school.
  34. 11 black
    11 black 14 October 2016 18: 24 New
    0
    propaganda NO, OK

    Quote: Propaganda NO
    normal cars - Muscovite 412 won Rali in due time;

    You perfectly understood what I mean - compare the 412 with Mercedes, Fords and other western cars of the 1970's and realize that he can and won the Rally, and this is perhaps his main achievement.
    Here it produced our auto industry in 90

    Here it is in the 90-e was produced in the world


    Feel the worthlessness of our auto industry sample 80's 90's?
    Quote: Propaganda NO
    computers, and they weren’t - rockets into space and moon rovers flew and rode by pike dictation, about which rockets and moon rovers;

    Quote: Propaganda NO
    normal household appliances ..... - yes, it certainly wasn’t, wasn’t at all, everyone used crumpled aluminum pots and brooms from birch branches, which was the reason for replacing the political system of the country and changing the borders of the country, that's where the dog is buried;

    And this, too, is quite true, only in the USA, starting from the 70's, PERSONAL computers were sold in millions of lots, but in the USSR?
    The same applies to music centers, VCRs, televisions - in the same USA, color broadcasting began with the 1953 of the year, in the USSR with 1967, by then more than 10 MILLION color TVs had already been sold in the USA.
    Amusement parks - well, in the USA there are 8 (world-class), the first park was opened in the 1925 year, most in the 60's, not to mention Las Vegas.
    But the main thing is wages, let's take the 80 years as an example:
    For the USSR, this figure is 50 dollars per month, for the USA 270 dollars, respectively.
    Consequently, the American can spend "on herself" - not on life, but on herself much, MUCH more and the quality of life is higher.
    Quote: Propaganda NO
    Your position is clear to me, no matter what arguments are given anyway. Socialism with Communism sucks, because you probably belonged to the category of people before 1991, parasites who did not work and did not receive all the benefits, and then after 1991 r just illegally got some kind of "tidbit" on the basis of which you get a steady income and naively believe this because of the collapse of the USSR and democracy.

    You are absolutely mistaken - it’s direct never, never even hit - your position is also clear to me.
    But I’m not trying to idealize communism, I sincerely regret the collapse of the Union - but, unlike some, I see pros and cons, and try to figure out WHY IT HAPPENED, and I don’t give out a punch in the style of "Brokeback has leaked everything."
    1. max2215
      max2215 20 November 2016 15: 46 New
      +1
      You are absolutely right, but the comrade either knows about life in the USSR from someone’s words, or he was dining in special. shops and specials. dining rooms. There was a general deficit, just a little good that a Muscovite was there, and constipation had been waiting in line for years. At the same time, they fed half the planet.
      BUT education, health care then was exactly what these words mean, and not now, the education of a "dumb electorate" and the profitable sale of medicines.
      It was a good idea, only ideological performers were snickering, the problem is now, then what. Most people of power are opportunists appointed by birth, by acquaintance, for good money. And what under socialism, and even more so under capitalism, the fate of the country and the people is a bargain for them - their homeland is everywhere (maybe Stalin was still right .......)
    2. gladcu2
      gladcu2 24 November 2016 06: 21 New
      +2
      Where do these worms crawl out of ....

      In the USA in the 80s there was another crisis. Reaganomics pulled out. Another by printing money. But the USSR was destroyed, and material resources went there.

      The USSR had 90% of the middle class. Freedom of choice in the USSR has never been limited by economic difficulties. Citizens of the USSR were the freest people in the world. Working only 40 hours a week and not having any debts.

      One cannot directly compare the USA and the USSR; these are absolutely two different countries.

      If you find a unified system for measuring the two countries, then the standard of living of the USSR is 2-3 times higher than the United States.

      The USSR can still be considered the most organized country in the world.
    3. gladcu2
      gladcu2 24 November 2016 06: 26 New
      +1
      Before you figure it out, try to answer the questions

      What is capitalism? What is socialism? And what is communism? And what is ideology?

      When you figure it out, you will understand a lot. Including why trouble happened with the USSR.

      And capitalism is only a transitional form of the economic system. Sooner or later there will be a transition to socialism. Communism is still a long way off. Today, communism can be considered utopian.
  35. Bormanxnumx
    Bormanxnumx 2 November 2016 22: 34 New
    +1
    In the photo where the guard depicted Senior Sergeant V.F. Privalikhin P.M. Halturin both tankers are dressed in a TOZ-43 tank fireproof suit.
  36. swertalf
    swertalf 11 November 2016 22: 04 New
    +3
    Is-3 recently fought in the Donbass. Removed from the pedestal after several decades of standing in the open air, wound up quickly enough and in the future, until the militia had more modern cars, it took an active part in the battles. True, the IS-3 guns were not repaired by the locals, and the tank, apparently, was used as an armored mobile command post. In the end, the engine of the tank died and the IS-3 was left by the crew. Armed forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, who found and captured a historical tank as a trophy, were struck by a handicraft webcam in the area of ​​the driver’s triplex. In fact, the driver was driving the tank using a tablet for viewing. One also heard that during a military campaign in the Chechen Republic, one canned IS-3 was found standing in an ambush at a fork in the road. The Chechen crew either abandoned the car, or was cut off from it by the feds. In general, I was lucky, and I did not have to shoot at this handsome man.
  37. swertalf
    swertalf 11 November 2016 22: 10 New
    +1
    And this IS-3 stands on a pedestal in my city. In Ulyanovsk during the Great Patriotic War, there were 2 tank schools. The boys had a kind of courage test, crawling under the tank.
  38. andrew42
    andrew42 8 November 2017 12: 12 New
    0
    Quote: 11 black
    if everything was normal with the quality of life in the USSR, neither Horbaty nor Yeltsin could have collapsed it - no one, if people were happy with life in the Union and no perestroika would be scary - there’s no way to make a person happy with life to go on " Maidan "- however, 110 million people voted in favor of preserving the USSR" For ", 32 million people," Against "32 million - the question of where these XNUMX million people dissatisfied with the Union came from is huge.
    - Your untruth. Look at the essence of things. As for those dissatisfied with life - now suffering from the lack of the last iPhone - a comparable amount. With a cult of hyper-consumption, appetites are unlimited. There will always be plenty of people who want to sleep sweetly and eat delicious food, at least as many as people of business (in the sense of people of work, not to be confused with "business"!). 32 million say, it’s not a secret where they come from: this is the population of those “highly cultured” suburbs, - the Baltic states, Western Belarus, Western Ukraine and not only Western, proud Georgia and other "type self-sufficient" fruit and vegetable republics. They lived too greasy compared to the Russian non-black soil, and the climate was better (with the same salaries), and private trade was pressed less, and the “Soviet” screensavers made of them. The latest factories for the production of microelectronics, and so on, on its base where there were 7 - Praaavilno - Western Ukraine and triebaltics. Less needed to develop "fellow travelers" - they would live more modestly, the head would hurt to reduce financial ends, and so they began to rave about fat. The cult of thingism in the Soviet period, these are these territories, not counting the bored part of the Moscow nomenclature.