Military Review

Bretton Woods system came up with a Soviet spy

33
Bretton Woods system came up with a Soviet spy

A new portion of the declassified archives of the United States once again proves that the American economist, the architect of the Bretton Woods system, Dexter White was a Soviet spy. He was a convinced socialist and an admirer of the USSR, and saw the task of his life in destroying the British Empire, and making the Soviets an eternal ally of the United States.


The book by historian Benn Stiyl “The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White and the Formation of a New World Order” was published in the USA. In it, the author describes how the American economist White created the Bretton Woods system, which became the basis of the modern world. Benn Style again provides further evidence that Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury and Assistance to Allied Countries, worked for the USSR.

The information that White was a Soviet spy is not new - this fact was proved in 1950 (by Senator McCarthy’s commission; after the economist’s death), and then in 1990 when the FBI and KGB archives were opened. The new in Stiyl’s book is a description of the motives that guided White in creating the Bretton Woods system.

But first, briefly about the person involved in the investigation. Harry Dexter White's parents were born in a Jewish town in Lithuania, then part of the Russian Empire. For better life moved to the United States. Harry was born in America in 1892 year, becoming the 7-m child in the family. In the 1917-18 years in the rank of lieutenant participated in the First World War. After graduation, he began studying at Columbia University, but graduated from Stanford. He received a doctorate degree in economics from Harvard 1930.

Despite the Great Depression, the patronage of influential professors from the University of Chicago easily finds a prestigious job - in 1934, at the Ministry of Finance. Today, the University of Chicago is the basis of liberal economic theories (and even neoliberal), and at that time it was a hotbed of socialist ideas. The finances in the USA in 1930-40 were generally densely occupied by socialists, and in 1950 the McCarthy commission noted the sad fact: influential universities and the Ministry of Finance were engaged in nepotism, supporting and pushing almost exclusively the Reds to the top.


White in the Ministry of Finance made a quick career, by the end of 1930's becoming one of the trustees of President Roosevelt. It is believed that he was responsible for “dirty” monetary operations in the president’s entourage - supporting American political allies in unfriendly regimes (primarily in the Axis countries), financing intelligence and sabotage operations. During World War II, White is responsible for funding the military operations of the US armies.

It is still not known exactly what year White began working for the Soviets. At a minimum, according to the testimony of the Soviet defector Witt Chambers, in 1939, White was already a spy by that time (a number of unsubstantiated accusations say that from the beginning of 1930's). The possible espionage of an economist in favor of the United States was reported to Roosevelt, but he denounced all these accusations before his death in 1945. 7 November 1945, the Soviet courier spy Liz Bentley, moved to the side of the United States, revealing almost the entire agent network of the USSR. In her list, White was #2 in importance. But this time the financier was not charged.

But before 1945, Harry White managed to crank two important operations, through which he entered history. In 1944, he was one of the so-called developers. “Morgentau Plan” (named after the US Treasury Secretary). After the victory of the Allies, the plan provided for the transformation of Germany into a backward agrarian country (heavy industry would have been banned), divided into the Northern and Southern provinces, with the rejection of a significant part of its territories (see map below). This document even reached such an absurdity as cutting down all the forests in Germany, as well as “reducing its population by 25 million people” (how you could “reduce” them, you can only guess).


The Morgenthau plan was adopted on September 1944 in the Quebec Conference by the heads of the United States, England and Canada. Then White learns that part of the Nazi elite began to conduct secret negotiations with representatives of the United States and Britain about a separate peace. Harry White “merges” through agents Morgantau’s plan into Hitler’s office. The propaganda of the Third Reich begins the fire of "Anglo-Saxon plutocrats" preparing for the destruction of the country according to the "Morgenthau plan." Separate negotiations were thwarted.

White came up with this plan and destroyed it for the sake of a higher idea - the complete and final defeat of Germany. But the financier still managed to recoup, in 1945, imposing a new document on the "reform" of the country of the loser of Nazism - the JCS 1067 directive. As a socialist, he walked across Germany, like a skating rink, the most severe version of Eurosocialism, in effect imposing this idea on this country for decades to come. So, 58% of gross national product should have been withdrawn as taxes. This policy is called "quasi-socialist redistribution." The income tax rate was 95% and began to accrue from the income of 61.100 marks. In turn, the money collected in the treasury, were exported to the victor countries as reparations. The rest of the finance should be spent on social programs (for example, the annual construction of 1,5 million apartments). Over the 8 years, the allies destroyed the 938 large factories. In general, henceforth, money for militarism in Germany should no longer be. With minor amendments (the Germans started to carry out some tax cuts, starting with the 1953 year), this system, which White laid down, still exists in Germany.

The second merit of White is the creation of the Bretton Woods system (adopted at the conference of the same name in 1944). Historian Benn Stiyl writes in his book that Dexter White conceived this international forum back in 1936 to make the dollar a universal currency and oust its competitor - pound sterling. And at the beginning of 1940's, the Roosevelt administration, intending to extract geopolitical benefits for the United States, tightly regulated the financial assistance that Britain provided. “It was a deliberate attempt to provoke the forced liquidation of the British Empire after the war,” Stiyl writes.


(Delegation of the USSR and the USA at the Bretton Woods Conference)


The US Treasury considered the Bretton Woods meeting a geopolitical step. The British Empire collapsed so quickly only because its stocks of dollars and gold dried up. Officials of both countries were aware of the situation, and in the Bretton Woods there were extremely tense US-British negotiations, Stiyl points out.

During the war it was almost impossible to trade without gold or US dollars. In Bretton Woods, the United States offered the world to create an IMF - a bank where you can take a short-term loan. “And in return, refuse a competitive devaluation - do not devaluate your currencies against the US dollar without our consent,” explains the American historian. Other countries (44 states participated in the conference in total) agreed, finding that there was no alternative. The final version on 95% turned out to be the American version.

True, at first the British, even in Bretton Woods, did not agree to recognize the US dollar as a global unit of account. Stiyl says: “White cheated: his technocrats reformed the entire text behind the scenes, rewrote language that expressed steadfastness. The heads of some delegations saw this text only in the final of the conference, when they were already told to leave the hotel. ” Keynes became very angry when he saw the text, under which he had previously signed.

Stiyl lists the basics of the Bretton Woods Agreement: 1. "The possibility of a peaceful and profitable dismantling of the British Empire." 2. “De-industrialization of Germany after the war” 3. "Permanently involve the USSR in a global alliance with the United States."

“I found in the archives of White a handwritten essay written in 1944, where he condemns the US hypocrisy in relations with the USSR and praises the advantages of Soviet socialism,” writes Stiyl. “White and many other American and British statesmen believed then that the socialist economy was effective and the world was developing in its direction.


(White and Keynes at a conference at Bretton Wood)


The continuation of this plan, in fact the convergence of capitalism and socialism, was prevented by the death of US President Roosevelt. America under President Truman, by inertia, for some time followed these ideas, but finally refused in 1948. At the same time, the United States deployed the Marshall Plan, "forgive Germany", again taking England as an ally, and starting a "cold war" against the USSR. The world that we see today arose under Truman.

Of the ideas of White, there remained only the Bretton Woods system with the domination of the dollar in the global financial system. But, perhaps, in geopolitical terms, it is much more powerful than the American army and military alliances based on it. As White dreamed, this system would put an end to world wars forever. Yes, it is expensive to pay for it - pumping money to America from around the world. Although it is not known how much the world would have lost, the Third World War would break out. The same Russia, from which hundreds of billions of dollars have been exported to the West over the years of the “reforms” - how much would the bombing of even 20-30 with nuclear charges cost her? Probably, the losses were calculated in sums of an order or two more than the total “capital export” from the country.

White did not even have time to see the edge of the “new world order” designed by him. He died 16 September 1948 of the year - three days after a hard interrogation in the "Commission on the investigation of anti-American activities." It is believed that in the fall of that year, he could have been convicted of espionage in favor of the USSR. White died from an overdose of a heart drug - as the official version says. It is possible that sometime unofficial version of death will come to light.

In any case, even after 65 years after his death, more and more new episodes of his "struggle for world peace", and specifically intelligence activities in favor of the USSR, appear. So, back in 1953, the aforementioned Bentley showed during interrogations that White was responsible for handing over print clichés to Soviet agents, which the US Treasury Department used to print allied military stamps in occupied Germany. These clichés allowed the USSR to print this money in unlimited volume - buying up on them in the American zone goods, paying with agents. According to Bentley, the USSR printed such stamps for the equivalent of 1953 million by the year 200. Today, new documents say that “due to” White’s effect from the counterfeit of the Soviets was at least 400-450 million dollars.


(Keynes and White agree on the Bretton Woods system)


However, White’s biographer, Robert Skidelsky - Baron Tilton and a member of the House of Lords of England, another well-known economist with Russian roots (born in Harbin in a family of Russian émigrés - grandfather on the one hand the merchant 1 of the guild of Manchuria) even in his apparent work on the USSR did not see espionage. “The USA and the USSR in 1930-40 were allies and friends. It was a collaboration for the common interest. Simply the diplomacy of that time required to camouflage too close ties, and White brilliantly played the role assigned to him by the American government. ”
Originator:
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  1. zavesa01
    zavesa01 20 March 2013 16: 06
    +7
    White and many other American and British statesmen then believed that the socialist economy was effective and the world was developing in its direction.

    And who said Karl Marx?
    Under a socialist economy, crises are impossible, and therefore economic destabilization.
  2. ABV
    ABV 20 March 2013 16: 14
    +2
    Was Dexter White a Soviet spy or was no longer important - the job is done. Yes, and he came up with the Bretton Woods system (if he thought at all), obviously at the prompting and instigation of completely different people from the financial international .... but reading this article was fun.
    1. Atlon
      Atlon 20 March 2013 18: 37
      +7
      Quote: ABV
      Yes, and he came up with the Bretton Woods system (if he thought at all), obviously at the prompting and instigation of completely different people from the financial international .... but reading this article was fun.

      The title intrigued at first, but reacted with doubt ... When I finished reading to the point that the "comrade" was a Jew, I did not read further, the interest disappeared. However, it immediately came to mind that the game was thinner than they want to show us in the article. Maybe he was a Soviet spy, but most likely, just a Cossack sent by the Zionists. As a result, the world is collapsing, and Morgana, Rockefeller, Dupont and other Jews are the winners. wink
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 20 March 2013 18: 53
        +1
        Quote: Atlon
        As a result, the world collapses, and the Morgans, Rockefellers, Dupons and other Jews win.

        In this I will support you, Mr. and throw the wood:
        However, the biographer White, Robert Skidelsky - Baron Tilton and Member of the House of Lords of England, another well-known economist with Russian roots (born in Harbin in the family of Russian emigrants - grandfather on the one hand a merchant of the 1st guild, on the other - the tsar's governor of Manchuria) did not even see his espionage in his explicit work in the USSR.
        Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Harry Dexter White was the seventh, youngest child in a family of Jewish-Lithuanian emigrants, Joseph White and Sarah Magilevsky, who settled in the USA in 3 In 1917, he joined the US Army, received the rank of lieutenantserved in France in non-combat units during the first world war.
        It turns out that a simple country guy was given the rank of lieutenant and even in non-combat detachments identified. And then his biographer was a whole sir-peer member of the House of Lords.
        The guy defecated purely with diamonds and with gold he celebrated a small need. wink
      2. cherkas.oe
        cherkas.oe 20 March 2013 21: 16
        +1
        Quote: Atlon
        As a result, the world collapses, and the Morgans, Rockefellers, Dupons and other Jews win.

        Well done, I thought up everything correctly, a hundred times +
      3. yak69
        yak69 21 March 2013 22: 46
        0
        Quote: Atlon
        it occurred to me that the game was thinner than they want to show us in the article

        You are right, the game is much thinner! Almost like in a saying about a thin English humor
        --- they ask, do you know how subtle English humor is?
        --- no, I do not know.
        --- Have you seen a stream of pissing mosquito? English humor is even subtler!
        laughing
  3. schta
    schta 20 March 2013 16: 23
    +4
    The Bretton Woods system, which put forward the DOLLAR as the main reserve world currency, predetermined the destruction of the USSR. What is nafik russian agent?
    1. Andrey57
      Andrey57 20 March 2013 16: 54
      +8
      Not at all, even during the life of Stalin, the ruble was tied to gold and no longer quoted through the US dollar, if the subsequent leadership continued the course outlined by Stalin, the world would now be completely different ... However, history has no subjunctive mood.
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 20 March 2013 18: 30
        0
        Quote: Andrey57
        then the world would be completely different now ..

        Where in the parallel galaxy the era of planetary ecstasy, equality and socialism has come.
        The view from the window of the embassy of the USSR in Tehran on the British Empire. Roosevelt and Stalin.
      2. Nick
        Nick 20 March 2013 20: 24
        +1
        Quote: Andrey57
        during the life of Stalin, the ruble was tied to gold and no longer quoted through the US dollar, if the subsequent leadership continued the course outlined by Stalin, then the World would now be completely different.

        Absolutely.
      3. cherkas.oe
        cherkas.oe 20 March 2013 21: 19
        0
        Quote: Andrey57
        However, history has no subjunctive mood.

        Oh identity, and it is the same age.
  4. Ascetic
    Ascetic 20 March 2013 16: 39
    13
    Again, the Interpreter’s blog, raising funds for political prisoners .. Yesterday, the Nazi diary in Auschwitz .. THIS IS TODAY (as you have already forgotten how Stalin fought Bretton_Wood and what system the world proposed in 1952. there was an article on VO recently). And then it turns out that the system was invented by a Soviet spy, seeking to destroy the West.
    By the way, there is an article on the website stating that Gagarin did not fly into space at all, and this is yet another falsification of conspiring Soviet and American special services.

    Entertaining and analytical publication "Interpreter". Created as part of the UN and Foreign Legion peacekeeping mission in Burkina Faso and Djibouti. The blog is not responsible for the information published by it, it is not the print media and does not share the views of the leadership of the United Russia party.
    The administration of the blog is in no way connected with the USA, Israel, the British monarchy and Papua New Guinea.


    Another clay site with a conspiracy slant replicating historical falsifications and fakes.
    I was even puzzled for what political prisoners they are raising money for, probably this is a delicate banter, coupled with a scam for obsessed liberoid citizens.
    1. GG2012
      GG2012 20 March 2013 18: 04
      +3
      Quote: Ascetic
      Another clay site with a conspiracy slant replicating historical falsifications and fakes.

      I propose to gather from the activists of the site "Voennoye Obozreniye", such a ... group of Internet special forces.
      You, Stanislav, I propose to lead this group.
      The tasks of the group will be:
      - trolling of the "Interpreter" blog;
      - Flooding of the "Interpreter" blog;
      - demotivating the "Interpreter" blog;
      - and other damage to the mood of visitors to the "Interpreter" blog;
      ... so as not to write on this blog, stupidity and stupidity about our History.
      hi
      1. NOBODY EXCEPT US
        NOBODY EXCEPT US 20 March 2013 19: 10
        0
        And what kind of blog is this?
        1. GG2012
          GG2012 20 March 2013 19: 20
          +3
          Quote: NOBODY BUT US

          And what kind of blog is this?


          http://ttolk.ru/
          http://ttolk.blogspot.com/


          In terms of the content of the articles, ... the blog reminds ... the chatter of Jews in the synagogue ... "about everything" and with "a sense of self-importance."
      2. cherkas.oe
        cherkas.oe 20 March 2013 21: 34
        +1
        Quote: GG2012
        ... so as not to write on this blog, stupidity and stupidity about our History.

        I fully support.
    2. cherkas.oe
      cherkas.oe 20 March 2013 21: 29
      +1
      Quote: Ascetic
      I was even puzzled for what political prisoners they are raising money for, probably this is a delicate banter, coupled with a scam for obsessed liberoid citizens.

      Thank you very much Stanislav, for the work you do on the site, I am surprised and admire your performance and effective analysis of the commented information.
  5. SSR
    SSR 20 March 2013 16: 42
    +1
    Stiyl lists the basics of the Bretton Woods Agreement:
    1. "The possibility of a peaceful and profitable dismantling of the British Empire."
    2. "Deindustrialization of Germany after the war"
    3. "Permanently involve the USSR in a global alliance with the United States."

    Ha ha I agree on the first point and partly on the third))) The USSR and the USA were globally involved but under a different "sauce")))
  6. Black
    Black 20 March 2013 16: 47
    +2
    Quote: schta
    What nafik russian agent

    Well that's a fact. Another thing is that "naagentil" (except for the breakdown of separate negotiations), I think, in 50 years will find out.
  7. pinecone
    pinecone 20 March 2013 17: 05
    0
    Well, what did our friend White (Belenky) snoop on there. He knocked to the left, knocked to the right, and all within the framework of fulfilling the main task at that time of constructing the post-war world according to the American model, which, among other things, included the destruction of the British Empire. .
  8. Black
    Black 20 March 2013 17: 10
    +2
    D. White is a man of his era in which the States and the USSR are not yet geopolitical enemies, but rather employees. This is, firstly, secondly, White, Fuchs, Rosenberg were people who were able to look into the future and see the perniciousness of the unipolar world. Therefore, they can not be called Soviet spies, it is precisely such people that should be called cosmopolitans, people of the world.
  9. jagdpanzer
    jagdpanzer 20 March 2013 17: 59
    +2
    this guy played along) the current is not at our gates some sort of own goal))
  10. zart_arn
    zart_arn 20 March 2013 18: 34
    +1
    Well, the scribbler said, the convergence of "socialism and capitalism." Russia today!
  11. wax
    wax 20 March 2013 18: 38
    +3
    Not without reason, no, not without reason Roosevelt did not touch him.
    1. Igarr
      Igarr 20 March 2013 19: 36
      +3
      To touch the blessed is mortal sin.
      .
      Even before Ascetic clarified, my itch had already begun. I feel - a cunning disinfect. Well, then - I drove in.
      .
      In general, this idea of ​​convergence ... is good, of course.
      Here today is an article about France, which is itself ... suicidal.
      So there K.K.Melnik-Botkin says - Gaulle believed that control in the USSR to hell. And the USSR itself - wow!
      Hungary, at one time, Czechoslovakia ... yes, anyone, even the Soviet Union, before the infamous decision to liquidate personal subsidiary plots, lived and rejoiced.
      NEP ... in the new version.
      Perestroika with cooperatives ..... if not Tagged.
      I think .. this is exactly the path - a strong state and free people.
      Do how? Who ... know how?
      .
      And the article .... well, entertaining.
      Let then ... all sorts of trolls do not rejoice over America’s technological superiority.
      All the superiority and industrial power of America - the Soviet SPIES got along ..!
      And all business.
  12. Urrry
    Urrry 20 March 2013 18: 49
    +3
    Whatever was said, but communist ideas were a strong thing, they carried away more than one Western intellectual ... unfortunately, their practical implementation greatly harmed this perception: when the words "communist ideas" appear in images only the USSR of the late period, when they, ideas, were actually emasculated by the hypocrisy of the leadership of the Communist Party (at the local main level), China with the fight against sparrows and North Korea ... but it's a pity, the idea is really not bad: "from each according to his ability - to each according to his needs", and with the achievement of the necessary level of scientific technical progress would really be ideal)
    1. Civil
      Civil 20 March 2013 19: 38
      +1
      The idea is normal BUT, alas and ah, it is necessary to solve the problem of not allowing unprincipled people to drive, because because of the lack of moral restrictions, they win people with honor in the net.
      Though castes return ...
      1. Urrry
        Urrry 20 March 2013 20: 21
        +4
        Yeah, this is the main weakness: ideas are ideas, they are tailored to some ideal carriers of it .... which of us has carefully read the resolutions of the plenums of the CPSU Central Committee? All (well, people of my age) are sure that this is boring ideological reading ... but if you read it today - how many amazing intellectual, moral and spiritual discoveries it gives! Well-polished phrases, clear language of presentation, accuracy of formulations and concepts ... the whole problem is that it was being prepared for people of "another formation" - and people wanted chewing gum, video clips and jeans ... And this is not the fault of the people - this is the fault of the ideological department of the Central Committee that they did not understand: it was necessary to give people this trifle, pictures in the Kommunist magazine, advertisements on television and women in underwear in the Rabotnitsa magazine, and everything would grow together - until several generations of those who had been renounced from “base instincts” "to those who are ready to perceive" lofty concepts "... :)
        1. cherkas.oe
          cherkas.oe 20 March 2013 23: 13
          0
          Quote: UrRRy
          it was necessary to give people this little thing, pictures in the magazine "Communist", advertising on TV and women in lingerie in the magazine "Rabotnitsa", and everything would grow together - until several generations of those who were renounced from "base instincts" to those who were ready to perceive "high concepts" "... :)

          I will not argue, but I will say: - "I tried gum for the first time in 1966, I was 9 years old and bourgeois cigarettes at the same time, and practically all the leading brands, my friend's father was a diplomat, and the Russian school in Jakarta was just an elementary one, and his parents sent him to the village under the supervision of my grandfathers and my mother, a teacher. ”Jeans, porn magazines and cards with naked girls were also seen very early and had for personal use, but nevertheless he drew an idea of ​​the beautiful from the museum's printed publication" Around the Hermitage - without a guide. " knowledge about Greek, Roman mythology and biblical chronicles.But not all of this, taken together, served as a catalyst for critical perception of the then existing system, but the fact that even then lived well not those who worked well and honestly for the good of the Motherland, but those who who cheated, cheated, stole under the guise of a party card and just licked the bosses' ass .. By the way, all previous empires collapsed from this.
          1. Khamsin
            Khamsin 21 March 2013 20: 26
            0
            The concept of living well is very vague. Well, we now have chewing gum, jeans, imported cars. And - we live well ??? Maybe Abramovich lives well? He is in constant fear for his seven for his money ... There was stability in the USSR, that's why I respect that country. Yes, it was not just something to buy BUT there was STABILITY !!! In the end, it is possible this country has failed, because in times of stability the Russian peasant begins to grow old with his mind. The crisis of power in modern language
  13. pinecone
    pinecone 20 March 2013 19: 13
    +1
    In any case, attributing to him the creation of the Bretton Woods system is simply unwise, since it was the result of many years of efforts from the top of the global financial kagal and is still operating with some changes.
  14. DeerIvanovich
    DeerIvanovich 20 March 2013 19: 33
    +1
    article minus
  15. Cpa
    Cpa 20 March 2013 22: 41
    0
    The cunning move is to blame the advice for the collapse of the British Empire on the advice, they say it’s not us, but the cunning red spy has crept in. No. They didn’t have any type of analysts, and White himself developed all the schemes personally. He thinks of the State Department, Papuans can do this, but not for us. stop
  16. Cpa
    Cpa 20 March 2013 22: 58
    0
    Here's the news in the topic - the head of the IMF is being scared by investigators, conducting searches, showing excesses and financial fraud.
    The pope left after a scandal on the same topic.
    In the world, there are clearly new actors in the backroom games, or one remaining one has crushed everyone.
  17. 1goose3
    1goose3 20 March 2013 23: 08
    +1
    Bretton Woods system came up with a Soviet spy

    Ha ha ha !!! The joke that the Russians invented love so that they wouldn’t hear money, but that they would also come up with an imperfect dollar system, for the first time. It turns out that the current problems of the dollar were laid down by insidious Russians .... Yes, ah !!! Oh!
  18. crapiv
    crapiv 21 March 2013 01: 04
    +1
    Although it is not known how much the world would lose, the Third World War would break out. The same Russia, from which hundreds of billions of dollars were exported to the West during the years of “reforms” - how much would it cost to bomb even 20-30 nuclear charges? Probably, the losses were calculated in amounts of an order of two more than the total "export of capital" from the country.


    What a peaceful author of this text.
    If the USSR had not collapsed, the 3rd World War would not exist anyway. And the guarantor would be the USSR. But now the United States has completely destabilized around the Russian Federation. Considering how quickly countries such as India and China are arming, depicting the rearmament of the Russian Federation (although they have already destroyed a bunch of related plants, now we are importing parts), Israel, etc., etc., something is brewing bad ...

    I would like to believe that I am not right about the latter ...
  19. taseka
    taseka 21 March 2013 03: 21
    0
    "White died of a heart drug overdose, according to the official version." - the root cause was an accidental injection with an umbrella!
  20. psdf
    psdf 21 March 2013 06: 22
    0
    The author of the article has a peculiar logic.
    White was a Soviet spy because:
    In the interests of the United States did .... (list of beneficial US actions).
    As for the bombing of the USSR by nuclear charges - did not take place, because Too expensive for the United States could do.
  21. Alexej.Taran
    Alexej.Taran 21 March 2013 06: 33
    0
    Is this the way they prepare for the collapse of the dollar?
  22. radio operator
    radio operator 21 March 2013 09: 58
    0
    On November 7, 1945, the Soviet courier spy Liz Bentley switched to the US side, revealing almost the entire agent network of the USSR. White was # 2 on her list in importance. But this time, the financier was not charged.

    Rumor has it that the transition of Liz Bentley to the side of the enemy was a planned action of Soviet intelligence. If so, the situation becomes even more interesting.
  23. radio operator
    radio operator 21 March 2013 10: 00
    0
    On November 7, 1945, the Soviet courier spy Liz Bentley switched to the US side, revealing almost the entire agent network of the USSR. White was # 2 on her list in importance. But this time, the financier was not charged.

    Rumor has it that the transition of Liz Bentley to the side of the enemy was a planned action of Soviet intelligence. If so, the situation becomes even more interesting.
  24. Genur
    Genur 21 March 2013 13: 06
    0
    [quote = Ascetic] "... the Interpreter's blog collecting funds for political prisoners ..." ... and funded by the Jewish liberal fraternity ...