Military Review

The Chinese model destroys the hegemony of "universal human values" (Renmin Ribao, China)

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Historically, the dream of Western civilization was the triumph of universal values ​​in their Western understanding, the dream of Chinese civilization - the “great unity” of Da Tun. In our era, the world needs Chinese values, because it is in them that universal values ​​have found their full expression.

How long ago it happened is not clear, but we have become accustomed to saying “universal values”, we mean “Western values”, and this is taken for granted. The same thing happened with the concept of "civilization." The enlightened Western countries made this word their motto, appropriated it to themselves and thus monopolized the right to culture. That is why we are now talking about the barbarians who broke into civilized Rome. Today, the words “modern” and “of universal value” are synonymous with enlightened Europeans.

When the honorary title of civilization passed from Europe to America, the dominance of Western values ​​became almost absolute. The “American” and “Western” have become interchangeable concepts, and the Americans themselves have become the indisputable authority on the choice of development model, declaring, in fact, that the American liberal capitalist model is the crown stories.

But the newly emerging economic powers, and especially China, which became the most characteristic representative of this group of countries, dealt a heavy blow to universal Western values, which led to the emergence of various “yellow threat theories”:

First option: China’s development will soon stop, because China lacks core European values. That is why we need to worry about how the PRC is doing with human rights and democracy, and hope that in the course of contacts with civilized countries, it will be possible to export to China the beginnings of universal human values, which later turn into a coherent system.

The second option: China has its own value system, but it cannot be universal. Moreover, China denies the existence of universal values. Based on this, China is the enemy of universal morality.

The third option: China has its own view of universal human values, not inferior to the Western and embodied in the "Chinese model." This model is a threat to the rule of European ideas, and China is actively promoting it. Therefore, Europeans are worried about how they should live if the Chinese view of global values ​​spreads to the whole world.

In conditions when the West has indisputable authority in matters relating to universal values, China finds itself trapped in a triple paradox: it does not matter whether China has its own values ​​or not, no matter how it relates to “universal human values”, it will still be considered a threat for the West.

Although ancient Chinese thinkers talked about the “world under Heaven,” in reality they represented a value system that extends only to East Asia, Western “universal human values” are just a reflection of universal values ​​in the prism of Western culture. The “universal human values” that now exist are the product of Western civilization, which has the advantage of primacy here. But now this championship hinders China in its moral and ethical growth.

For China, the only way to eradicate the paradox of the “yellow threat” is reglobalization. Modern globalization is, in fact, the spread to the whole world of the Western system, the Western spiritual and material culture. And we need a globalization of a different order, a globalization of a system of values ​​that will equally respect and express all existing cultures, approaches and development models, and fully reflect the diversity and richness of different civilizations throughout the world.

Historically, the dream of Western civilization was the triumph of universal values ​​in their Western understanding, the dream of Chinese civilization - the “great unity” of Da Tun. In our era, the world needs Chinese values, because it is in them that universal values ​​have found their full expression.

In the modern era, the pro-Western "universal values" chained the world into chains, and Western civilization began to nullify the cultural diversity of the Earth. However, European intellectuals realized that Western culture can no longer cope with the eternal changes in the world or even simply offer an effective way out of the debt crisis. They began to pin their hopes on Chinese civilization, hoping that it would be able to pave a new, different from the western, path to the future. In other words, the world needs the Chinese dream. And for us it is an inexhaustible source of strength and confidence that the chosen theory and structure are correct, and that we are on the right path.

Chinese ideas “by changing yourself, changing the world”, which have become part of the official policy of China in the modern era, are now becoming a force capable of changing our culture as a whole for the better. The coming of power to greatness, the revival of the nation, the transition of civilization to a new level - it is in this triunity that the main message of the Chinese policy of peaceful development is contained. What is meant by the transition of civilization to a new level? Build on the basis of Chinese values ​​a system suitable for the entire world community. To create for the benefit of the whole world such a system, such a material and spiritual culture, which, having originated in China, will serve all countries, will be a product of the joint efforts of all countries and peoples.

At the level of thinking, the transition of civilization to a new level is expressed, first of all, in the transition from local thinking to global thinking, and this transition is fixed in the report on the outcome of the 18-th CPC Congress. This report at once at several levels firmly determined the basic values ​​of the Chinese model. On a personal level, this is love for the motherland, dedication to work, conscientiousness, and good faith. At the family level - freedom, equality, justice, and reliance on the law. At the state level - the desire for wealth and power, democracy, civilization and harmony. Then, on this basis, the report also identified the main universal value that should exist at the level of the entire planet: “the world is everywhere under Heaven”. And it is within this system of values ​​common to all mankind that China will be formed today, combining three principles: traditional China, modern China and world China.

If you look from this point of view, it becomes clear that the great revival of the Chinese nation is not just a return to any sources, because it would not solve the problems and problems that China faces today. Moreover, this is not an attempt to simply “grow up” Western and Eastern civilizations: our paths are too different, moreover, the West has enough problems. No, the revival of the Chinese nation is three in one: a return to the best, a willingness to absorb the superb and the creation of a new one.

How else can this be explained? First, through the return of the best elements of original Chinese culture and at the same time the development of elements of Western culture that already exist within our civilization, to meet the whole world. Secondly, having absorbed Western civilization, discard the myth of "universal human values" and create a system of real values, close to all members of humanity. Thirdly, to form a new universal civilization and, becoming the flagship of a new, post-Western era, create the prerequisites for the eternal development of all mankind in the world, where China will be an assistant and mentor to everyone.
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http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrbhwb/html/2013-01/11/content_1184162.htm
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  1. alexng
    alexng 20 March 2013 07: 47 New
    +6
    In principle, there should not be universal human values, since this is contrary to nature itself. On earth there are various cultures and egregors. There is a western world, eastern, northern and southern. The Western world includes America and Western Europe. To the east, in fact, almost all of Southeast Asia and the Middle East. Northern - Russia and the countries of the former USSR. To South Africa and part of South America. And all sorts of attempts to mix all this into a single boiler will be a failure. Universal human values ​​- this is utopia, as well as all sorts there ... ISMs.
    1. Gregazov
      Gregazov 20 March 2013 08: 23 New
      +3
      But what about the 10 commandments? Which of them is not relevant for the Chinese or the pygmy? If the world has one Creator, then the values ​​are the same. If we compare the ethical standards of the ancient founders of religions, then the thesis DO NOT DO ANYTHING WHAT YOU DO NOT WANT TO GET FROM IT is relevant for both Judaism and Buddhism, as well as for a mixed Chinese religion. In Christianity, the same thesis sounds somewhat different. DO OTHER THAT YOU WANT TO RECEIVE FROM OTHERS. Both ethical evaluations do not contradict each other.
      A completely different meaning of the values ​​of the Western world. The Roman Catholic Church, which had usurped the spiritual power at one time, is trying to impose its values ​​on other nations. These attempts have repeatedly led to religious wars (from the point of view of politics - ideological). We see a similar picture now.
      1. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 20 March 2013 08: 38 New
        +2
        By the way, the phrase: do not and do not wish the other that which you do not wish for yourself, is the saying of the great Confucius. so all reasonable came from China.
        And the 10 commandments whom they stopped or stop now. Look what is happening in the world and say at least one commandment is relevant today in the West, and in Russia too.
        1. Ross
          Ross 20 March 2013 09: 12 New
          0
          It is time for Russia to finally form our value system, based on the Northern tradition.
        2. Gregazov
          Gregazov 20 March 2013 10: 40 New
          +1
          Not only Confucius, but also Buddha and Jewish Pharisees. And they were voiced at about the same time, so that the Chinese have no leadership here. Only Christ has taken leadership in taking a new step in the development of the moral (if you want an ethical) level of humanity.
      2. alexng
        alexng 20 March 2013 10: 35 New
        +1
        In fact, these 10 commandments were borrowed from the ancient Egyptian ones, which, as far as I know, were already 21. Unfortunately, but these commandments were always only a declaration, not a law, and only a few followed them.
  2. fenix57
    fenix57 20 March 2013 07: 50 New
    +1
    How many people who want to change the world (and what would it cost, didn’t anyone count?) And everyone refers either to "culture" or to "democracy." Or maybe everything is much simpler: HYDROCARBONS AND TERRITORY ..... cm.http: //www.liveinternet.ru/users/3296663/post192306230/
    I found it by accident, although I saw the cards .. hi
  3. Apollo
    Apollo 20 March 2013 07: 52 New
    +2
    citation-This report at once at several levels firmly determined the basic values ​​of the Chinese model.


    Confucius-nature of people is the same, but their customs and traditions are distinguished.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 20 March 2013 07: 55 New
      +4
      I apologize to everyone for the flood,

      Alexander Romanov, Happy Birthday to you, Good health, happiness and all the best. hi drinks
      1. Vanek
        Vanek 20 March 2013 08: 08 New
        +3
        Quote: Apollon
        I apologize to everyone for the flood,


        Well, what flood?

        Romanov, happy birthday to you.
      2. Egoza
        Egoza 20 March 2013 08: 36 New
        +3
        I am joining! May all wishes that you hear today be fulfilled!
        1. Armata
          Armata 20 March 2013 11: 36 New
          +2
          Sanya. Health to you, good luck. And remember you are now quite an adult, you already 37. It's time to think about the profession. laughing drinks
  4. treskoed
    treskoed 20 March 2013 08: 00 New
    +1
    In every culture there are universal values ​​and unacceptable. The right choice is the task. Can humanity maintain Breivik’s killer in comfortable conditions, legalize and popularize same-sex love? And on the other hand, is it possible to call public executions of thieves and bribe takers in China barbaric and cruel?
  5. Bigriver
    Bigriver 20 March 2013 08: 38 New
    0
    Modern globalization is, in fact, the spread to the whole world of the Western system, Western spiritual and material culture. AND we need a different globalization globalization of the value system, which will equally respect and express all existing cultures, approaches and development models within the whole world, fully reflect the diversity and richness of various civilizations.

    I look, they read Putin in "Jemin ribao" :))
  6. Egoza
    Egoza 20 March 2013 08: 46 New
    +2
    China developed and achieved outstanding results precisely because it carefully preserved its culture, history, and was in no hurry to reject all that was inherited from its ancestors. In China, they did not pursue Western “values,” but developed their own. Of course, in the west elbows bite - how they managed without their control centers, and even progress. And get into China with their advice - so peacefully and politely send. Well, the “white man” cannot come to terms with the fact that some kind of “yellow man” surpasses him in something. But they say that in the “Pigeon Book” (prophecies) it is said that “there will be a third world war, after which a great yellow race will reign on Earth.” Well, to be honest, the war is now slowly going on in different "corners". And do not think that war is only the rumble of guns. This is a war of ideologies. And it may well be that Chinese values ​​will really spread to the whole world.
    1. Goga
      Goga 20 March 2013 09: 21 New
      +2
      Fidget - Elena, unlike us, the Chinese are well aware of what “Western values” are and when they (like us) began to actively impose them (like us) on them, they simply rolled several hundred carriers of these alien “values” in tanks "- fooled students. But we did not do this - the result: Our country fell apart, and China is growing stronger from year to year ....
      Previously, it was called "aliens" and was considered something of a mental illness, but now it is called "liberal beliefs" ... fellow
      1. Gregazov
        Gregazov 20 March 2013 10: 50 New
        +1
        The Chinese and their values ​​in bulk, not counting the above mentioned on the Confucius branch, include Tao, Buddhism, Hinduism and its derivatives, Islam, etc. In terms of its saturation with various religious movements, China has about the same condition as our Fatherland. Moreover, the state of these religions is far from the decline in religiosity inherent in the modern Western world. Where, reckoning themselves to be Christians, they are engaged in obscenity condemned by God in the days of the destruction of Sodom and Gomor.
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 20 March 2013 23: 31 New
      0
      -That about the respect for culture: During the Cultural Revolution, you could go to camp for the "ancestral heritage" .... For a year in 96, my grandfather went to Harbin, was in the church of the Icon of the Kazan Mother of God, he and his grandmother were married her ... Well, in the one where General Kappel was buried, he saw the embankment of Sungari, paved with slabs from the Russian cemetery ...
  7. albert
    albert 20 March 2013 08: 49 New
    +1
    The same thing happened with the concept of "civilization." Enlightened Western countries made this word their motto, appropriated it to themselves and thus monopolized the right to culture. In my opinion, civilization and culture are completely different things. For example, let's take the fascists. Germany at that time was undoubtedly a technologically civilized country, but you can’t call it cultural. Any savage will be horrified by the crimes the Germans committed. Culture is also a set of moral rules that approve all people without exception. Western insanity called "democracy and liberalism" has nothing to do with culture.
  8. engineer74
    engineer74 20 March 2013 08: 51 New
    0
    "At the state level - the desire for wealth and power, democracy, civilization and harmony"
    I wonder what meaning the Chinese put in the words "democracy" and "civilization" if they abandon their European understanding?
    "China will be everyone's assistant and mentor."
    But this is a little scary ... what
    1. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 20 March 2013 08: 56 New
      +2
      But the fact that now the assistant and mentor of each USA does not scare you? China has a history of many thousands of years, a culture, and this can be called civilization. The civilization and history of the development of modern America to a normal person should inspire only contempt and disgust.
      But then we don’t need to strive to imitate one or the other, Russia also has a culture and history, though it’s great distorted by Christianity, but if you want, you can remember everything and take the best
      1. engineer74
        engineer74 20 March 2013 09: 05 New
        0
        This does not scare me, it infuriates me. We, I think, have a no less worthy history and culture, and I'm not sure that it is the Chinese model that will "save the world." hi
  9. dark_65
    dark_65 20 March 2013 09: 03 New
    0
    In general, the meaning is understandable, the newspaper is officially government, he cannot have a different opinion, of course, his own "Chinese" way of development.
    There is an opinion that the opposition of China to the whole world is not far off, and it will not be spontaneous. The effect of a large nation who only honors itself will work. It is enough to recall Damansky, or a dispute with Japan.
    We will run into all, all the world.
  10. lav566
    lav566 20 March 2013 09: 04 New
    +1
    I recently read that there was an editorial in the People's Daily newspaper,
    which declared that China has something to offer the world.
    A serious bid for world hegemony. This has been claimed
    for the first time. And the West, like, it's time to move towards the garbage.
    Yes, you will not envy them. The whole twentieth century they
    fought with Soviet communism, sat in shit
    from fear of the USSR, came up with a variety of
    ideological tricks, began to think about conditions
    labor and life of their hard workers, so that they do not look towards the USSR,
    they almost survived the Red Revolution in 1929,
    fought hysterically in 50gg, catching the obvious and secret Communists,
    learned to hide under the bed from a nuclear explosion and so on.
    And here again, a new world ideology! Headache again
    need to counteract!
  11. Yura
    Yura 20 March 2013 09: 41 New
    +1
    Here is a quote from the article - "becoming the flagship of a new, post-Western era, to create the prerequisites for the eternal development of all mankind in a world where China will be an assistant and mentor to everyone," everything is very familiar and alarming.
  12. Corporal
    Corporal 20 March 2013 09: 46 New
    +1
    A year ago, I was talking with one person. Let there be Sasha, a theoretical physicist, Russian, working in England. He published an article on his highly specialized topic. In his opinion, he can count on the fingers of one hand people who are in the subject and are able to understand the material presented. And so, he receives a letter from a Chinese student. Where does he ask questions on the article, where and what did he not understand. Moreover, quite smart and skilled, it is clear that the guy figured out.
    Sasha’s business trip to Beijing was just scheduled, the arrow was scored. In general, at the meeting it turned out that this student is not even a physicist, he is studying philosophy.
    In general, after that trip, Sasha is sure - you need to learn Chinese.

    Although it seems to me that China will be the slower to develop, the higher the standard of living of the Chinese.
  13. Gemar
    Gemar 20 March 2013 11: 01 New
    +1
    Who can talk about human values, if not a nation that eats children, sells its daughters to slavery, makes their wives work as prostitutes ...
    - If the car hit a person - no one will call an ambulance, because if the unfortunate does not have the money, and the culprit is not found, then the caller will be obliged to pay!
    - People are not allowed even on "transitional pedestrians";
    - I do not comply with agreements with other countries and organizations (WTO, Rosoboronexport, IAEA);
    - For EACH nationality, they came up with derogatory nicknames (one of the manifestations of Chinese Nazism), since everyone is considered to be "subhuman", except for the KHAN people;
    - Steal technology and copy;
    - They are engaged in dumping, supply low-quality goods (and often dangerous to the health of foreign consumers);
    - Have territorial claims against all countries with which they have a common border (including the Russian Federation (Altai) and the CIS countries);
    - Three two times, in percentage terms, more than in America;
    - MYSTERY ALL NATURE!
    - ...

    And are these comrades going to promote their values ​​in the world ??? Yes, they have one value ... not friendship, not respect ... not honesty, not conscience ... not tolerance for other nations ... And MONEY !!! Only money!

    For eight and a half years of my life in the PRC, I have not seen anything in the Chinese that could become universal. So, gentlemen, the Chinese and the brazen Saxons, leave your "universal" values ​​to yourself. We, perhaps, will honor our values. Thanks to our values, we occupy a vast territory, we do not honor gays, we do not eat people ... All that remains is to end the laziness of corruption and extremism.
    PS: I talked with a bunch of people from different countries ... They, at times, were not friends with each other, but everyone was friends with Russians (Russians and former Soviet) people. Because the Russian person has a conscience, a feeling of compassion for someone else's grief, an open soul, gratitude ... and, unfortunately, a naive belief in the superiority of good over evil (which many use).
  14. fenix57
    fenix57 20 March 2013 11: 27 New
    0
    Quote: vladsolo56
    By the way, the phrase: do not and do not wish the other that which you do not wish for yourself, is the saying of the great Confucius. so all reasonable came from China.

    There is such a concept :: THE FORCE OF FORCE "-RUSSION IS ALL-POWER From the same Confucius (the head cooked ....) -He who is full of mercy certainly has courage.and I would add-PATIENCE .....- BEFORE TIME, BEFORE TIME .....
  15. saygon66
    saygon66 20 March 2013 12: 16 New
    +1
    - In the middle of the 90's I had a chance to talk with the Chinese military. An interesting impression was left: as if you were talking with the heroes from old Soviet films - "Tractor Drivers", "Kuban Cossacks". A kind of pioneer enthusiasm ... The last phrase of the conversation killed; “It was bad with us, but it became good, and everything will be fine with you too ..” I don’t know how the values ​​are - but the pressure didn’t stop borrowing ...
  16. Rus2012
    20 March 2013 12: 37 New
    +1
    Here's what can unite us - solving common problems ...

    The problems of China, Russia and the countries of Central Asia in the crisis can be solved as follows - the construction on the existing SCO base of the Oath Union of countries and peoples of non-Western civilizations - heirs of the Single State (yoke) of Genghis Khan from the Pacific Ocean to the Volga and the Danube.
    The Union of the Great Horde Ethics Built on the Non-Material Base “Five Above”:
    - power is higher than property,
    - service above possession,
    - total is higher than private,
    - justice is above the law,
    - the spiritual is higher than the material.
    And the main crime is treason.

    The single state of Genghis Khan, where Turks, Russians, Chinese, Ugrians, Persians, Khazars and many other peoples of non-Western civilizations lived, was a single customs space on the caravan routes of the Great Silk Road. Now, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization should become at least a free trade zone between the powerful Eurasian Union, which is already taking shape around Russia on the one hand, and China, as the core of ASEAN, on the other. And at the exit from the financial crisis of the industrial consumer society, show the world the benefits of the Asian mode of production. With state regulation of the economy. Collaboration within business entities. Bypass money system, where non-cash development money is separated from cash circulation in the consumer sector (in the market). Where extraordinary profit on invested capital will be provided not by expanded reproduction of capital due to the increase in material consumption (having reached the “limits of growth” in raw materials, fuel and ecology), but the inalienable intangible advantages of the enterprise (goodwill), tied to the skills of employees. What it is impossible to issue property rights. Therefore, they are not assets that can be sold for money.

    The appearance of the Oath Union of countries and peoples - the heirs of the united state of Genghis Khan - in the upcoming monetary system of currency zones will allow "to spare the USD." They will exchange mercy for the return of Taiwan to the fold of the Motherland while preserving the greatness of Russia. What to 2019 year, at the exit from the crisis of Atlantism, will mean a moral victory for the Pacific over the values ​​of Western civilizations.
    fully - http://www.peremeny.ru/books/osminog/7374#more-7374
    1. DeerIvanovich
      DeerIvanovich 20 March 2013 18: 34 New
      0
      dumped into the cauldron all the confusion reigning in the head ...
  17. Forget
    Forget 20 March 2013 14: 10 New
    0
    I’m dreaming that when Kazakhstan begins to develop, there are all possibilities, but ....
  18. fenix57
    fenix57 20 March 2013 14: 37 New
    0
    , And [quote = saygon66] - In the mid-90s, I had a chance to talk with the Chinese military. An interesting impression was left: as if you were talking "" - there are specialists -.... fool
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 20 March 2013 23: 17 New
      0
      - I then studied at the Chinese courses, for practice I talked to anyone who came from Kaitai students, traders from the market, and the military came to the factory, to practice, the leadership of the courses invited them to communicate. And the Chinese themselves were pretty good at Russian spitting. One of them was tormented for a long time - they gave us "putonghua", and he spoke in dialect, it turned out to be a Chinese Korean. Since then, it has not been necessary to practice - we have not enough Chinese ... Specialists know the saying: I let go of the brush, forgot the hieroglyph ...