The issue of attracting talented and well-educated youth to the army in our country has been discussed for a long time. A new impetus to the discussion of this issue was received when it was announced about the modernization orientation of army reform and fleet. According to the plan of the authorities, until 2020, the Russian fleet of military equipment and weapons should be updated by at least 70%. And if you take into account that certain problems are being discovered with the training of professional military personnel in Russia, then there may come a moment when there will simply be no one to service the new military equipment in the troops. More precisely, this way: the staff may be staffed, but no one can vouch for the quality of professional knowledge of these personnel. This, unfortunately, is bitter, but true.
If we consider such a military service sector as a conscript service, here the level of preparedness of soldiers to conscription and the degree of quality in mastering military art in the course of direct service for the most part leaves much to be desired. Naturally, this fact beats not only the prestige of the Russian army, but also raises the question of its real, rather than declarative development. One may say that in our country the percentage of young people who have received a higher or even two higher education is increasing, but in the overwhelming majority of cases such people either join the army of “runners” or are clearly unable to apply the results obtained in the educational process. knowledge.
Considering this situation superficially, one can say: why are these white-collar workers in the army needed at all? .. The army must be strong, mobile, strong, and “these” (recruits with university diplomas) only add extra problems to the commanding fathers ... In general There is a special stratum of people in our society, which believes that the Russian army today must remain “worker-peasant”, and only rural guys need to be recruited into it, who at least pushed the tank out of the mud, while the aircraft on the deck of the aircraft carrier Ormoz ...
However, in today's realities, such reasoning does not hold water. Of course, the appeal of strong, resilient, executive and independent guys is the dream of any military enlistment office. But, firstly, the situation with the quality of health of recruits today leads far from the most optimistic thoughts, and, secondly, if modernization of the army is not really an empty phrase, then it’s time to seriously think about how you can use various graduates Russian universities are not just for cleaning the parade ground in front of the headquarters building from the snow cover, but also for the actual maintenance of the latest technology coming into the troops, or for the development of this technology.
Obviously, such a problem really attended to the Ministry of Defense of the country. This fact was outlined in the words of the head of the military ministry Sergei Shoigu, who, at a meeting with the teaching and student staff of the famous Bauman Moscow State Technical University, touched upon the possibility of creating so-called scientific companies. According to Shoigu, these companies could be staffed with talented graduates (or even current students) of higher education institutions who, together with certain teachers, would carry out design or scientific and technical work on behalf of the Ministry of Defense. Ultimately, talented young people could recruit such companies in various regions of the country and do military service without even leaving the walls of the alma mater. After all, to give a debt to the Fatherland is, you see, not only service in combat units, improvement of drill and the ability to shoot straight. In the end, why would the development of new technical means by active and talented students (even if the so-called, forgive the term, "glasses" or "nerds"), create advanced logistics projects for the troops during combat operations, develop projects communication systems, performing the functions of a program to combat a potential or real adversary is not to be placed in the same row with the same shooting from various types weapons or guard duty.
After all, there are in the Russian army, for example, sports companies, whose tasks are sharply limited. What, indeed, can prevent the Ministry of Defense from translating the idea of scientific companies into reality?
Yes, of course, there will be those people who say that a soldier cannot be considered a soldier until he himself passes through the crucible of the military unit with ups and downs. And they will also say that this is not a soldier’s business with the development and plans to deal with, so to say, there are officers who received their professional education. But no one is going to argue about the existence of professional officers and their tasks in the army. Here, after all, the question is different. The Ministry of Defense today cannot afford excessive wastefulness, which leads to the fact that, up to 60, percent of graduates of Russian universities are among those who have taken the path: “study, study and study again until 27 is fulfilled, and there - goodbye military registration and enlistment office forever ... ”In addition, today only every 7 graduate of the university goes to military service (we are talking about guys, of course).
Why produce an army of "mowers", if the same talented students (and there are a lot of them in Russia) can be attracted to the army service where they can truly show their talent for the development of the country's Armed Forces.
The ancient postulate "God of Gods, Caesar Caesar" works here clearly: one recruit - control of military equipment, the other - accurate shooting, and the third - work on the creation of advanced weapons or computer protection of secret information. Everyone performs work on the site, creating a really efficient army. After all, today the army’s combat capability is not only how many kilometers its individual fighter can run across rough terrain in full combat gear, and not only how smoothly and up-to-foot this fighter can walk the parade, but there are defenses and others parties. So why not use those young people who see in themselves (and teachers see in them) the strength and talent for the implementation of a serious project that can help solve certain tasks as intended.
True, if the idea of implementing such scientific companies is supported, then here we will have to actively roll up the sleeves of the staff of military registration and enlistment offices. After all, now the meaning of the call comes down, let's say, to an unfiltered recruitment: get the right amount of recruits at any cost, and then let the troops themselves figure out where this or that young man will fit. In fact, the Soviet sign of recommendations of military registration and enlistment offices was lost when, at the district level, on the basis of education and medical indicators, the young man was sent exactly where his skills and abilities could serve the cause in the best possible way. Of course, in Soviet times, RVC recommendations were far from being fulfilled by 100%, but now this practice seems to have outlived itself. “Plugging holes” leads to the fact that draftees with completely different educational and medical indicators are in the same military unit, which leads to a headache already for the local officers. As they say, the military registration and enlistment office has done its work - it has provided the w / h with new replenishment, and then think for yourself how to quench the personnel hunger in place ...
When creating scientific companies, employees of military registration and enlistment offices will have to turn on their imagination, cooperate more actively with universities, and keep full records. But in order to be able to put this imagination into practice, the Ministry of Defense must itself develop the concept of the functioning of scientific companies. After all, in our country it often turns out that even a very productive idea already at the first stage of its incarnation wallows in a swamp of public apathy, in a windbreak of mature bureaucracy and the absence of a high-quality legislative base.
If Sergei Shoigu expressed his words for a reason, and invested in them real joy for the modernization of the Russian army, then there is no doubt that things will go in the right direction. Well, if it is nothing more than words, words are beautiful and causing attention, but not supported by ideas of their realization in reality, then ultimately they will remain words. First, they will cause controversy and discussion, and then dissolve in the vast expanses of our country. Frankly, I would like to expect that words with deeds will not disperse in this case, otherwise public apathy over time will absorb even the idea that stands a step away from incarnation.
Scientific companies in the Russian army: attempts to attach "nerds" or real modernization?
- Alexei Volodin