The 35 battery is a symbol of the deed and tragedy of Sevastopol

I have been preparing this report for a long time, trying to make it as interesting as possible for the reader and encouraging me to think about historical the role of the place that will be discussed. For this purpose, I went twice to take pictures and with interest picked up historical facts.
35 battery.
A place that is one of the most holy for many residents of Sevastopol.
The place that in June-July of 1942 of the year was the last piece of the heroic defense of Sevastopol for the remaining 80 of its thousands of defenders.
The place in which the fateful decision was made to cease defense and evacuate commanders.
A place that has become at the same time a kind of quintessence of the people's feat and the people's tragedy ...

The 35th coastal tower battery is one of the most powerful coastal defense fortifications of the Black Sea Main Base Fleet. It was started by construction in 1913 on Cape Khersones according to the project of the military engineer General N. A. Buinitsky. Initially, it had number 25. In 1915, construction was discontinued, and the battery was completed in 1924-1927. It was armed with two MB-305-2 12-mm two-gun tower systems designed and manufactured by the Leningrad Metal Plant (guns and part of the mechanisms were used ready-made from the towers of the battleship Poltava of the Baltic Fleet). Projectile weight - 471 kg, firing range - up to 42 km. By its design, the battery consisted of two gun blocks (reinforced concrete massifs in which gun turrets were installed). One of the destroyed gun blocks I showed in the first photo. The second gun block can be accessed through the main entrance to the 35-battery museum. However, I will write in more detail about the history of the battery at the end of the report, but for now - a photo tour.

1. A boulder over a bombed by fascists unit resembles a grieving soldier for the dead

2. Main entrance to the main battery rooms

In the post-war period, the 35-i coastal battery was not restored, however, part of its structures was used under the existing 130-mm coastal battery, due to which the appearance of the reinforcement was preserved for us almost intact.

3. On the day when I went to take a picture of the battery, it began to snow rare for Sevastopol. Prickly, as if underlining the tragedy of this place. Reinforced concrete structures today have the appearance left over from the events of the distant 1942 year.

4. Entering through the main entrance, you can get into one of the destroyed gun blocks. Here there are traces of explosions everywhere — broken reinforced concrete structures and twisted metal.

5. Inside, the first branch to the right leads to the casemates, where special care should be taken: after the battery was blown up, the overlaps collapsed and there were big dips on the lower floor. For security reasons, not all rooms of the museum have free access. Sometimes it is blocked by the remains of shells found here.

6. If you go further along this corridor, through the openings you can see that two of the lower rooms are flooded with water, one is dry, they are not communicated with each other. According to the museum workers, before 1999, one of the failures was filled with concrete debris from above, when they cleared, the remains of fighters were found in the flooded lower room, weapon and documents ...

7. The battery is a communications system connecting two gun circles, storage for projectiles, a fire adjustment station, an underground power, ventilation and pumping stations, a network of special rooms and lost to the sea. There are also underground communications not connected with communications. In the part of the premises of the central part is the main exhibition.

8. There are a lot of photos taken in these rooms during the defense of Sevastopol - for example, this is a photo on the background of the portrait of Stalin made in the Lenin room of the 35 battery in 1941.

9. And this is the portrait, against which the previous photo was taken

10. The next room makes you stay here for a long time. Here, during the war, fiercely wounded soldiers and doctors fought against death ... The room of the battery defenders hospital. On closer examination, the tiles on the floor were wiped down with their feet.

11. Two living daffodils drove a lump to my throat ... here it is difficult to cope with emotions

12. That, with the help of which the doctors fought for the lives of the wounded

13. Everywhere on the walls traces of cut cables and communications

14. The entrance to the mess room. It was here that 30 June 1942 was held the last joint meeting of the Military Councils of the Council and the Maritime Army, which resulted in a decision to end the defense of Sevastopol and the evacuation of commanders. At the end of it, Oktyabrsky ordered the battery commander to provide cover for the evacuation and, under the use of ammunition, to undermine the tools and mechanisms.

15. From the central entrance there is a network of tunnels and communications, there are exits to the surface and to the turning circle of the gun. To the cannon circles, where the gun turrets were located, there were special openings on each side of four in the group through which the shells were fed, in the casemates adjacent to them there were shelves for shells.

16. Part of the premises is heavily damaged by explosions, there are blockages through which it is impossible to pass. Tambour of the former power station - after the explosion it is a pile of concrete blocks and torn metal.

17. Twisted 30-meter descent to the right command post

18. The long pattern to the command post is about 450 meters of the ominous corridor

19. Time and metal. The remains of the loops in the cabin

20. Left range finder. Externally, it was restored

21. In the lobby, previously served as the central power station today is a wall of sorrow, in which candles are lit and fresh flowers are

22. On the wall are photos of the defenders of Sevastopol, who remained forever in the distant 1941-192 years ... Looking into their faces — sometimes funny, sometimes focused — you know — these people lived, rejoiced, created, and in an instant their lives were interrupted as millions of lives were interrupted to that war ...





27. And at the entrance is a book of visitors. A lot of records. Thank you, eternal memory, eternal glory ...


29. In addition to the main tower structures, there are a number of auxiliary facilities, not connected with the main communications - observation posts, dugouts.

30. Inside, they also look like in those terrible days. Only inscriptions of vandals on war-burned walls were added.

31. Rusty staircase from the casemate to the tower. Staples barely hold

The 35 battery is a symbol of the deed and tragedy of Sevastopol

32. Casemate room

33. The same observation post, but in the spring

34. One of the few windows ...

35. Panorama inside the gun block of the former tower №2

36. The same gun block in the winter from above

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  1. avt
    12 March 2013 09: 36
    Great good Good photos. +
  2. +6
    12 March 2013 09: 50
    The author is well done, a good report ...
  3. Witch
    12 March 2013 09: 53
    Thank you, as if I myself were there ....
  4. knyazDmitriy
    12 March 2013 09: 54
    The review is excellent. takes suffocation. This is what the children should be shown, not the "beautiful" life of the West on TV.
  5. +2
    12 March 2013 10: 09
    Eternal memory to the heroes. remember
  6. +1
    12 March 2013 10: 19
    But what about the story?
  7. +7
    12 March 2013 11: 17
    Thanks to the TS for traveling through 35BB and for the pictures (many did not really see this and are unlikely to see it).
    Personal opinion is the same (and it is not an isolated one) as a resident of the Hero City, and as a person who communicated personally with the heroes of the defense and worked with documents (“on rehabilitation” in the archive there was such a topic for “law enforcement officers in the 90s, when courts according to our ideas, they endured "rehabilitation" for everyone).

    I read a lot of this site. By the way, I'm sorry to visit! Or for a long time.

    So: according to my estimates, the number of the SOR has never exceeded 52-60 thousand people. With the local population (taking into account the information of the "Einsatz-group" - up to 80.
    What is shown in the photo is true. What is told by the anti-Stalinist guides and other "offended" is a lie.
    Even during the 2nd offensive on Sevastopol (December 1941), the number of MILITARY SOR did not exceed 35-36 thousand.

    Betrayal and Achtung do not make borders between 80 thousand or 30th.
    But FALSE, which is saturated with all literature and reference books, publications from the 80s. -just infuriates!
    Losses ... There is also a question of perception. According to the Soviet concept, the Nazis were killed here as in Stalingrad. Mb so. Just who and how did you count? Some consider it simply losses, others only killed, others (killed and identified, fourth killed and wounded, fifth ...
    Undoubtedly, the losses of the Nazis here were many times greater than the defenders.
    (but the Americans would write (instead of the Germans) that 35 people died as a result of "friendly fire" and drunkenness)
    Just read, read. Opinions are interesting. And here it is!
    1. xan
      12 March 2013 16: 46
      recently read, though I don’t know whether it is possible to trust, the Germans only lost more than 200 thousand people killed. For 41-42 years it is a lot, and most importantly, these Germans did not fight in other places
  8. Heccrbq
    12 March 2013 11: 45
    The brother served in the BSF marine corps in 87-88, based near 35, told that they forbade to go there, since many rooms were unexplored, could explode on mines or shells.
  9. +4
    12 March 2013 11: 57
    Eternal memory to the defenders of the 35th battery, the city of the hero of Sevastopol and our homeland of the USSR!

    Main input 35 batteries!

    monument at the entrance!
  10. +2
    12 March 2013 12: 14
    By the way, there (the upper right corner of the voto cape is small), there it is
  11. lars
    12 March 2013 15: 52
    Very interesting! Thank!
    And there are no pictures before the war? What the battery looked like in "better times".
    1. 0
      12 March 2013 21: 28
      Pre-war photos of the 35th battery were in the book "The feat of the 35th battery" I don't remember the author, my grandfather gave me to read it as a child, she was unmatched as a whole, she was wearing a mask of painted iron bushes - another burned out from the first shot. The main entrance gate was over a meter thick.
  12. xan
    12 March 2013 16: 53
    It is important that Sevastopol was a fortified city, a fortress, and it was not surrendered, but defended and defended by our people. The Germans said that if Sevastopol could not be taken for so long, Koenigsberg would never be taken. Where there - the gut is thin! Instead of Koenigsberg’s casemates, it’s better to make coffins, warriors
  13. 0
    12 March 2013 17: 04
    Interesting report, a desire arose to bring children to show to whom life is obliged ...
  14. +4
    12 March 2013 17: 39
    Battery Plan No. 30
  15. +1
    12 March 2013 19: 34
    Thanks to the author for the wonderful shots.
    I looked with pleasure. It may be possible to get in and see live on a heroic place.
    And the defenders have eternal memory.
  16. Sokrat
    12 March 2013 19: 52
  17. +1
    12 March 2013 21: 06
    There are at least 5 tiers. In childhood, they reached the 3rd. Then zelo was dangerous. The boards are rotten and water rises somewhere nearby. It seems like 2 access to the sea through the lower 5th tier. Now there people are working on it. and still going below sea level (on the plans, it’s definitely not anywhere else), but divers and local combat swimmers say that they are, but ... not suitable for passage. Apparently blown up.

    Visit and be sure to go! Just listen to the guides less, and it is better to take some local "know-it-all" militarist with you. Because the game that these "under-philologists and under-historians" are carrying are indignant on all major sites of Sevastopol. These are former "history readers" and librarians have found a job "in their specialty".
    And more to watch than to listen. smile

    And so, I’ll try to compile and post something here on similar topics from my own and (for the most part) not my photos and observations.
    1. 0
      12 March 2013 21: 31
      It will be interesting to read and see hi
  18. 0
    12 March 2013 21: 39
    I like it. An unexploded 600-mm shell that fell on the 30th coastal defense battery. Sevastopol, 1942 (There were two such batteries - 30th and 35th), and both of these awesome wunderwafels threw awesome. Full tin
  19. 0
    12 March 2013 21: 53
    Here is the main entrance to the 35th battery, if anyone will be in Sevastopol I advise you to visit the 35th battery here to honor the memory of the battery defenders! Very interesting and touching!
  20. 0
    30 March 2013 13: 22
    Eternal memory to heroes!