What killed Stalin
Stalin did not go into the past, he disappeared into our future, as it does not grieve for many.
French writer Pierre Courtad
French writer Pierre Courtad
5 March 1953, the leader of the Red Empire, Joseph Stalin died. According to the official conclusion, death occurred as a result of hemorrhage in the brain. 1 in March of Stalin, lying on the floor in the small dining room of the Middle Villas (this was one of the government residences), was discovered by security officer Lozgachev. In the morning of March 2, doctors arrived at the Middle Cottage and diagnosed paralysis of the right side of the body. March 4 in the USSR was announced about the illness of the leader, published and radioed bulletins about his health. 5 March, Stalin's death was announced.
March 6 Stalin's body was put up for parting in the Hall of Columns of the House of Unions. At the tomb of Joseph Vissarionovich in the honor guard the leaders of the Communist Party and the Soviet government carried mourning: Malenkov, Beria, Molotov, Khrushchev, Voroshilov, Bulganin, Kaganovich and Mikoyan. They were joined by leading politicians from allied and friendly states: Premier of the PRC State Council Zhou Enlai, 1 General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party and head of the Council of Ministers of Mongolia Yumzhagin Tsedenbal, the leader of the Communist Party and president of the Czechoslovak Clement Gottwald, head of the Czechoslovak Council of Ministers, head of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party Take, the head of the Hungarian government Mathias Rakosi, the leader of the Bulgarian Communist Party and the chairman of the government Vylko Chervenkov, the Secretary General of the Romanian Workers Party and the head of the Romanian government, George Gheorghiu-Dej, the secretary general of the Italian Communist Party, Palmiro Tolyatti, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unified Party of Germany, Walter Ulbricht, and other prominent figures.
The military, workers and peasants, representatives of various working groups, peoples of the USSR and peoples who were part of the socialist bloc (Mongols, Koreans, Chinese, Poles, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Romanians, etc.) said farewell to Stalin. Moscow was filled with people who were waiting for their goodbyes. To illuminate the night streets and squares were included spotlights mounted on trucks. Delegations from various Soviet regions, Beijing, Warsaw, Bucharest, Prague, Tirana arrived on Moscow by plane and train. 9 March 1953, the funeral of JV Stalin was held in Red Square in the Soviet capital. The embalmed body of Stalin was placed on public display in the Lenin's Mausoleum (it was called the “Mausoleum of V.I. Lenin and I.V. Stalin” in 1953 — 1961).
According to many researchers, Stalin was killed. If the doctors were called immediately after the paralyzed leader was discovered, he could have been saved. Among the perpetrators of the death of Stalin called Beria, Malenkov and Khrushchev. In recent years, there have been many works about Stalin, both frankly deceitful and filled with hatred for this great man, as well as truthful, trying to unleash the rubble of lies and untruth from his grave. Among them are the works of V. Dorofeev, A. Martirosyan, Yu. Mukhin, V. Karpov, G. Sidorov and other researchers. In particular, the Hero of the Soviet Union (1944), the writer Vladimir Karpov revised his views on Stalin. In The Shot Marshals, the writer who himself as a cadet in 1941, under a denunciation, was repressed and acquitted after several months of service as a member of a penal company, denounced Joseph Stalin as the organizer of mass repression, which resulted in the destruction of the main command personnel of the Red Army, especially the top management. And he concluded that by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the USSR was left, in fact, without experienced commanders. However, in the book "Generalissimo" (2002 year) Karpov turned to 180 degrees and began to argue the need for repression to defeat the "fifth column" in the USSR.
To understand why Stalin was killed, it suffices to recall the main achievements of the USSR under his rule. It is obvious that all external enemies of the USSR were interested in his premature death. Russia was close to becoming the absolute leader of humanity. This led Western civilization to catastrophe and death.
Under Stalin, the Armed Forces were created, which, despite the severity of 1941-1942 military catastrophes, withstood the best army in the world at that time, and then surpassed it and managed to defeat Nazi Germany with its allies Italy, Finland, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia. Smashed and militaristic Japan. Under Stalin, the foundations of the power of the Soviet army were laid, which allowed and still allow the majority of the inhabitants of the Russian civilization to live in peace.
Under Stalin, illiteracy among the population of Russia-the USSR was eliminated, and the possibility of arbitrarily high education was provided for all people, without exception, regardless of their social or national origin. Under Stalin, there was such a serious rise in the cultural development of the Soviet population that we can talk about the cultural revolution and the beginning of the formation of a new human culture that leads humanity to the future, to the stars. At the same time, there was a rapid growth in the intellectual, scientific potential of the Soviet people, physical culture and sport spread en masse, which made Soviet (Russian) people the most intelligent and healthy nation on the planet. In the USSR, such an atmosphere of military, scientific romanticism was created (it is enough to recall Chkalov, the epic of the Chelyuskins) that in 1939-1940. competition in aviation and naval military schools had over 100 people in place.
Stalin fully contributed to the development of science and technology, the introduction of new technologies. Suffice it to recall that under him the US atomic monopoly was abolished, and the USSR began to take the lead in this advanced area in a number of directions. The foundation was laid for leadership in space research and space exploration. So, the glory of man’s entry into space was inherited by Khrushchev without justification. Man’s flight into space was already discussed with 1946 of the year, and the decision about him was made by Joseph Stalin in 1951.
Under Stalin in the USSR, crisis-free development of the national economy was organized, which gave mankind an example of alternative development of the economy, without usurious loan interest, parasitizing some countries over others and exploiting the rich masses. Therefore, the USSR could even provide assistance to countries that had just entered the socialist path of development. This made it possible to restore the country and in a very short time after the worst World War II. And there was something to restore - 2000 of large cities and 100000 settlements, which lay in ruins, or were completely destroyed. Moreover, they restored not only factories and plants, infrastructure, but also housing for 25 million people (!) Who lost it. The USSR became a country where, after a terrible war, they began annually reducing the prices of basic food products and manufactured goods, while the incomes of the population grew!
The rapid development of the Soviet national economy scarecrow masters of the West. No one in the world expected that after such an extremely cruel war, the USSR would restore its economy in such a short time. In fact, by the beginning of 1948, the recovery phase was completed, which allowed the card system to be canceled and monetary reform implemented. For comparison, England, in whose territory the war did not go through with a devastating whirlwind, could not cancel cards at the beginning of the 1950s. The very first post-war five-year plan, despite all the difficulties of this time, literally broke all previous records. Already in the beginning of the 1950s in the West, people began to look at the economic development of the USSR with fear. American presidential candidate Stevenson said that if production growth in the USSR persists, then by 1970, the Soviet production volume in 3-4 will surpass the American one. And in 1953, the American magazine "Business Business" in the article "Russians are catching up with us ..." reported that in terms of the growth of economic power, the Soviet Union is ahead of any state. Moreover, the economic growth rate in the Soviet state in 2-3 is higher than in the United States. Economic superiority led to military-political, which forced the West to surrender to the mercy of building socialism in the visible future.
Aleksey Chichkin in his article “A Forgotten Idea Without a Statute of Limitation” in Rossiyskaya Gazeta reported that 3 - 12 on April 1952 of the Soviet capital had a very important geopolitical international economic meeting. On it, the Soviet Union, the CMEA and China proposed to form, as opposed to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the expansion of the United States, a common market for goods, services and investments, without the US dollar. Iran, India, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Syria, Ethiopia, Uruguay, and Yugoslavia showed great interest in the “dollarless” space. The Western countries who have abandoned the Marshall Plan - Finland, Sweden, Austria, Iceland, Ireland have shown interest in this idea. It should be noted that even in 1951, the countries - members of the CMEA and China expressed the need for closer cooperation between those countries that do not want to obey the dollar, which means the United States, and the dictates of pro-American trade and financial structures.
Moscow at the 1952 meeting proposed a phased transition to new relations: first, bilateral and multilateral agreements with similar conditions (on price, customs, credit issues and benefits, commodity quotas), and then the gradual unification of foreign economic policy bases and the development of a “general block” free trade. At the final stage, an interstate payment unit with an obligatory gold basis should have appeared (the ruble had a good chance of becoming such a currency, which had been transferred to the gold standard in advance) and, accordingly, the actual establishment of a common market. With some additions, this idea was supported by the majority of the meeting participants, except for the American allies (vassals). After Stalin’s death, Moscow and most other CMEA countries moved away from the foreign economic ideology of 1952, preferred bilateral economic and political ties, where political and ideological factors often dominated rather than economic interests. In addition, from the middle of the 1960-s, the USSR began to supply its geopolitical opponents with cheap energy and industrial raw materials, in fact, handing over the idea and plan of its political and economic domination in Eurasia (and the world) to the archive.
One of the main factors that determines the stability of the financial and monetary system of the state, its reliability as a borrower, is the presence and size of the state gold reserve. The gold reserve can also be called the yardstick of the leaders of the state. 1928, in the Soviet Union, only 150 tons of state gold remained. And the annual production of gold was equal to 20 tons. For comparison, in 1914 there was 1400 t of this precious metal, and by October 1917, the Russian state had a gold reserve of about 1100 tons. As a result of the civil war, reparation payments, the sale of gold at low prices for the purchase of various goods (for example, 60 tons of gold were paid to the British and the Swedes for 200 locomotives) by 1923 in the country there was a reserve of about 400 tons. When the course of industrialization was adopted, the Soyuzzoloto trust was established in 1927, personally Joseph Stalin personally appointed Serebrovsky I left an ambitious goal: (!) over the five years to go for the extraction of the precious metal in the first place in the world (the then leader of the Transvaal - now the Province of South Africa - mined annually 300 tons). In addition, the precious metal in the country was collected through the TORGSIN store system, where scarce goods were sold for currency and gold, and confiscations for speculation in gold.
As a result, gold production was raised to 310-320 tons per year. True, the leaders of gold mining did not, because Transvaal increased it to 400 tons per year. It should be noted that from that time Moscow was not selling so much gold - only about 300 t, the rest went to the reserve. Yes, and spent the gold much more wisely, it bought the equipment for the 10 industrial giants. By the beginning of World War II, the Soviet Union had a record for the Russian stories stock in 2 800 t (exceeding twice the maximum royal). This stock has contributed to the victory in the Great War and the restoration of the destroyed economy. Dying, Stalin left the successors "stash" in 2 500 tons. Interesting is the fate of the “Stalinist stash” under his successors. Khrushchev and Brezhnev were squandering - 1 600 t remained after the “corncob”, after the author of the “Lesser Land” - 437 t. Andropov and Chernenko were more zealous owners, with them the stock rose to 719 t. Gorbachev destroyed the gold reserves of the Red Empire - Russian Federation from the USSR passed all 290 tons. It should be noted that at that time 220 tons of gold per year were mined only in the RSFSR. Putin got 384 tons, by 2011, the stock has grown to 852 tons.
Stalin challenged the possibility of the United States to parasitize on the sale of the dollar (paper). 1 March 1950 was published in Soviet newspapers by the Soviet Government decree on the discontinuation of the determination of the exchange rate of the ruble against foreign currencies on the basis of the American dollar. The Soviet ruble was transferred to a stable gold base, its gold content in 0,222168 grams of pure gold was established. From 1 in March, the purchase price of the State Bank for gold in 4 rubles was set. 45 cop for 1 gr pure gold. Based on the gold content of the ruble, the exchange rate was set for foreign currencies: for 1 US dollar 4 ruble (instead of former 5 p. 30 cop.), For 1 pound sterling - 11 rub. 20 kop. (instead of 14 R.84 cop.). The exchange rate has also changed for other foreign currencies. Later, a similar focus with the United States will turn on the “last great Frenchman,” General de Gaulle. He will collect 750 million paper dollars in France and in the 1967 year during an official visit to the States with a scandal, but he will exchange paper for gold (the gold standard was still maintained in the USA). In Paris, de Gaulle brought almost 66,5 tons of gold. True, for him personally it ended badly. Already in May, the 1968 of the year "began" the famous student unrest, which led to the resignation of the general. 9 November 1970, Charles de Gaulle died suddenly from aortic rupture.
In the field of providing the population with housing it was under Stalin that in 1952, a program of industrial construction, mass housing construction, was adopted. This program was recorded in the merits of Khrushchev. However, the “merit” of Khrushchev was that he reduced the ceiling height of apartments from 3 meters to 2.25 (according to the American standard), reduced the area, reduced the number of floors from 12-16 floors to 5, removed balconies, elevators, and garbage disposal, combined bathrooms and toilets and reduced the lifespan of housing — from 100 years to less than 50.
Stalin was a global politician and high-class manager, which allowed him to split Western civilization and, in the war with the German bloc, receive help from another part of the West. Moreover, Stalin was able to outplay the "world behind the scenes" and after the war the USSR became even stronger, expanded, created its own socialist bloc. He worked on 12-15 hours a day. He knew and tracked all the leading scientific and technical developments. He knew by name and patronymic of all managers of enterprises, leading scientists, designers and other people employed in important posts in the field of management, science and culture. He tried to delve into all aspects of life and life of people. He knew and understood the role of art, theater, cinema, literature, poetry in shaping the consciousness of man and society as a whole. Stalin watched movies, regularly went to the theater, tracked the output of literary works, giving his instructions. Thus, the Soviet people were protected from informational "viruses", other people's programs.
Stalin was very hard on asking managers. They received many benefits: apartments, company cars, cottages, special rations, special maintenance, etc. But there was also a great demand from them, there were no "untouchables". Modern Russian researcher Yuri Mukhin in his popular book “Stalin's murderers. The main secret of the 20th century ”(2007) suggested that shortly before his death, the Soviet leader began to prepare a reform of the party, which was to remove the party rule from state power. The Communist Party was supposed to educate the people. This was the main (internal) motive for the murder of Stalin. Khrushchev and other party members did not want to lose power, because she gave them unprecedented privileges and material well-being.
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