Military Review

Tikkakoski - history of aviation in Finland


There is an opinion, especially among Petersburgers, that "in Finland there is nothing to watch." Well, maybe live in a cottage, fish on a forest lake or go skiing. Fortunately, this is not so. In addition to water parks, ski slopes and shops with Fairy and red caviar, there are other attractions in Suomi. One of them - aviation Museum in Tikkakoski, 20 kilometers from the city of Jyväskylä.

Tikkakoski - history of aviation in Finland

Once the Aviation Museum in Tikkakoski wore the status of the “Official Museum of the Finnish Air Force”. In 1970, this quiet place was probably a dream of Soviet intelligence. Why? Everything is simple - here is located the Finnish Air Force Directorate, the Pilot Air Force Training Center, the Information Service and the Flight School with a base of training aircraft. In addition to the Academy of the Finnish Air Force in Tikkakoski, there is also the country's largest research and development unit specializing in the development of aviation systems ... In general, the place for the museum was not chosen by chance. By the way, another Finnish aviation museum is located not far from Helsinki in the suburb of Vantaa, but so far it has not been visited.

But back to Tikkakoski. The first thing that strikes the exposition is the abundance of the swastika. The swastika itself does not represent anything negative. This is one of the most ancient graphic symbols denoting the movement of the Sun around the Earth, from east to west. In the European culture of the XIX century, this symbol was very popular on the wave of Aryan fashion theory.

The Finnish “Khakarishi” swastika hit the wings of the planes during the civil war: March 6 1918, a Swedish count Erik von Rosen, gave the white army of Mannerheim the first aircraft with a swastika on board. After that, in general, the Finns had no choice - by the order of Mannerheim, this emblem entered the symbolism and breastplates of the young republic.

It turns out that the swastika in Finnish aviation appeared long before it became a state symbol of Nazi Germany. However, historically the Finnish swastika "Khakaristi" did not have any relation to the "German-fascist" symbol.

During the Second World War, the Finnish Air Force used “Khakarishi” as the identification mark of the aircraft of the country of Suomi - a blue swastika in a white circle, was put on the wings and fuselage of the aircraft.

After the Second World War, the swastika of the Finnish aviation had to be abandoned, this symbol, strongly associated with German fascism, became too odious.

Today, on the emblem of the Finnish Air Force, instead of “Khakarishi”, there is a neutral white and blue circle, repeating the colors of the national flag of Finland.

If we talk about the museum building, then this is one considerable reinforced concrete hangar, more like a large factory floor. Probably, due to the lack of space, the planes are very close to each other and sometimes it seems that this is not a museum, but a large warehouse of old aircraft.

Surprisingly, “capitalist” Finland in the 1960-80х years actively and with pleasure used Soviet-made military aircraft. For example, in the picture - IL-28Р bomber. From 1961 to 1981, three such aircraft were used as target tugs, and in addition there was one “real” IL-28P bomber. I suppose that this car is in the museum.

In the fighter aircraft served "our" MiG-21. In general, the first MiG aircraft in the number of 4 units entered service with the Finnish Air Force in 1962 year. These were training MiG-XNUMHUTI. One of them is in a bright green, “acidic” color to the front of the museum, and his photo is posted at the beginning of today's post. Later, several dozen more MiG-15s were received. One of the aircraft, just shown in the picture.

MiG aircraft were in service with the Finnish air force until the 1990-s (in the fighter aircraft - until the end of the 1980-s). Today, the cabin of one of the aircraft is in the museum and anyone who desires can feel like a military pilot. Interestingly, the main part of the dashboard inscriptions are in Finnish, but if you look closely, there are also familiar Cyrillic characters.

Next to the cabin of the MiG aircraft is part of the fuselage of the Swedish aircraft SAAB 35 Draken. At least in terms of the number of instruments, the Scandinavian aircraft loses to “our” MiGs ... An interesting detail is that the onboard systems of the “Soviet” MiG planes were refined by Nokia (yes, yes, the most ...), which provided a uniform data format coming from the SAAB aircraft and MiG-21.

And this is an American Douglas.

Unfortunately, due to the abundance of exhibits to remember them all there is no way. However, the overall impression of the museum remains positive - diverse, interesting, unusual. For children it is especially important that you can get on some planes and even “steer”, feeling like a real pilot.
Well, you can buy genuine technical documentation for 50-70-s aircraft as a souvenir. Instructions, drawings, schemes, including those for domestic cars (and even in Russian!) That have become unnecessary, are sold at a reasonable price at a souvenir shop at the exit from the museum.

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  1. askold
    askold 2 March 2013 12: 44
    From the first shots, I thought that I had fallen into the lair of the fascist beast, even though I felt uneasy. The author put everything in its place, although such an abundance of swastika, albeit not German, still warps.
    1. Krilion
      Krilion 3 March 2013 03: 00
      Quote: askold
      From the first shots, I thought that I had fallen into the lair of the fascist beast, even though I felt uneasy. The author put everything in its place, although such an abundance of swastika, albeit not German, still warps.

      will warp even more ... here is the MODERN flag of the Finnish Air Force ...

      and as you can see, modern fighters are also cheerfully marching under the swastika ...
      1. predator.3
        predator.3 4 March 2013 15: 22
        Quote: Krilion
        ..that is the MODERN flag of the Finnish Air Force ...

        Yes, to hell with her with a swastika, if only the hot Finnish guys did not suffer any garbage, like the Balts! (and the swastika seems to be a sign of the sun or the universe)
      2. Sergey Panzer
        Sergey Panzer 7 March 2013 22: 07
        Somewhere I read that the swastika on their flags of the Air Force went from the beginning of the 20s, after gaining independence. So there is no smell of fascism here.
  2. AlNikolaich
    AlNikolaich 2 March 2013 16: 32
    Article +. An interesting informative review.
  3. homosum20
    homosum20 2 March 2013 17: 55
    And they are fascists. At least, not far gone. You look at what is translated from Finnish means the name of their winter tires Gakkapeklita. They are proud of it.
    1. LION
      LION 2 March 2013 21: 36
      Old soldier in Russian translation
  4. Zmey_2Garin
    Zmey_2Garin 2 March 2013 19: 46
    Those who say that there is nothing to see in Finland are completely wrong! In addition to the Museum of the History of Aviation, you can also look at the Museum of the History of Finnish Shipping in Turku. It is built on the same principle as an air museum, i.e. many exhibits can be touched and twisted. Souvenirs can also be purchased at the exit, and Turku Castle is within walking distance of the museum. In a word, go and see.
    1. Region-25.rus
      Region-25.rus 4 March 2013 04: 38
      Quote: Zmey_2Garin
      Museum of the History of Finnish Shipping in Turku

      Fascists or not, but the Finns know how to build steamships! He himself worked for several years on the "river-sea" built in Turku!))) Launched in 1980! I worked until 2005, and I'll tell you, compared to ours of the same class, it's just heaven and earth! Both in terms of the level of automation (almost all devices could be controlled from the bridge), so in terms of ergonomics and living conditions for the crew! Much of course did not function already (well, it was our fault or unreasonable economy), but what was enough!) But most importantly, they did not rust much! There was no rust inside! And on ours you will open the ceiling and rust, dead cockroaches and even rats will fall on you! wassat .San.tehnika in the cabin was native from the building and everything worked))

      The photo is not in Temko, of course, but ...)) I could not resist) I was just happy working as an elephant!
  5. Aiviar
    Aiviar 3 March 2013 17: 00
    With a swastika just do a strange kind of story came out. The symbol is thousands of years old and has never carried any ominous meaning. It was appropriated by the freaks of the human race, dragged on themselves for 15 years, and now the viewer has a shock from the swastika, associations exclusively with fascism, and its application to anything is a crime. ... Actually it's nonsense. And the Finns are great in this sense - they had a swastika, and they stayed, having no relation to any fascism. The fact that this happened to the Germans is the problem of the Germans and no one else. All the rest of humanity, too, should have long ago somehow made sure that "flies and cutlets" were present in its history and consciousness separately. It's scary to imagine - what if the Nazis took and put on some integral sign, or the letter "pi", for example? Would we rewrite all the math ???
  6. Rjn
    Rjn 3 March 2013 20: 10
    And where is the MiG - 15UTI in the photo?
    1. lars
      lars 3 March 2013 21: 43
      The very first photo. So merry, green with pink love
      1. barmaley
        barmaley 3 March 2013 22: 41
        Mig-15 uti is double, and in the picture - single.
        1. Rjn
          Rjn 4 March 2013 18: 05
          Here I am about the same