Military Review

Shaanxi Y-8 - Chinese version of An-12

17
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Shaanxi Y-8 - Chinese version of An-12

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In 1986, China began the development of a civilian version of the aircraft, which was designated Y-8B. Due to the abandonment of specialized military equipment, the aircraft's weight was reduced by 1720 kg. The first flight of the civilian version of the aircraft made 17 December 1993 of the year. The export civilian version of the aircraft received the designation Y-8D. This aircraft was equipped with equipment of western production. He made the first flight in 1987, about 8 of such cars were sold for export. Other civilian versions of the aircraft include an unusual Y-8F with a three-tiered cargo cabin designed for transporting livestock (you could transport sheep to 350), as well as passenger Y-8K to 120 seats. A variant of the Y-8F-100 aircraft received more powerful engines, GPS systems, weather radars. On the modification of the aircraft Y-8F-200 fuselage was extended to 2,2 meter.

With the direct technical assistance of the American company Lockheed, a new version of the Y-1980C transporter was created at the end of the 8-s. This aircraft was equipped with a two-section ramp, which was similar to the one installed on the C-130, as well as a pressurized cargo cabin, new air conditioning systems and an oxygen system, as well as additional emergency hatches. It was assumed that American General Electric CT7 engines would be installed on this version of the aircraft, but because of the brutal suppression of student unrest in Beijing in 1989, the US-China technical cooperation was stopped.

In 2001, the PRC, together with the Ukrainian aircraft manufacturer Antonov, began work on the design of a new version of the Y-8F-600 aircraft for the Canadian turboprop engines Pratt-Whitney. Thanks to equipping this model of the aircraft with new instrument equipment of the “glass cabin” type, its crew was reduced to 2-s. In other versions, the aircraft crew ranges from 3 to 5 people.

To replace the 10 aircraft UAV carriers on the basis of the Tu-4, in the 1989 year in China was built version Y-8E. Under the wing of this aircraft, 2 reconnaissance UAVs BUAA ChangHong-1 were installed on special trapezoid pylons, which were controlled from the post located in the front sealed cockpit.

Also, Shaanxi Y-8 became the basis for the first Chinese patrol aircraft of the ground-based Y-8X. This aircraft was equipped with Western-made special and navigation equipment, in particular, the Litton APSO-504 radar radar, the antenna of which was placed in a cylindrical fairing located under the nose of the aircraft. At the same time, reconnaissance windows were installed at the site of the cargo casement doors, which included infrared and optical cameras, radio acoustic buoys and an infrared detection system for submerged submarines. The Y-8X patrol aircraft is able to make long and long flights at any time of the day. In the internal compartments of the aircraft can be installed various anti-ship or anti-submarine equipment. The first Y-8X was built in the 1984 year. In service with the Chinese Navy is to 8 such aircraft.

Until the beginning of 1990 in China, modernized Tu-4 bombers, which were equipped with AI-20 Soviet turboprop engines, were used to carry out naval electronic intelligence. To replace these aircraft was created Y-8G, which was equipped with a more powerful radar and equipment of the western assembly. However, after student unrest in Beijing, deliveries from the West were stopped and the project was abandoned. According to some reports, the remaining Y-8G without equipment were converted into tanker aircraft. At the same time, at the end of the 1990-s, several varieties of electronic reconnaissance and electronic counter-aircraft were created on the basis of the Y-8, united under the general name “Gaoxin Project”, but having a different set of equipment.

The most interesting and one of the latest versions of the aircraft created on the basis of Shaanxi Y-8 was the DLRO KJ-200 aircraft. Work on the long-range radar monitoring and control aircraft for the PLA Air Force began in the 2000 year. The first prototype of the aircraft was created on the basis of Y-8F200 and completed its flight in November 2001. The DLRO aircraft was equipped with a radar such as the Ericsson Erieye AESA, which has an airborne target detection range from 300 to 450 km.

The second prototype of the KJ-200, built on the basis of the Y-8F-600, made its first flight in January 2005 of the year, and it crashed on the 3 of June 2006 of the year. As it was established later, the cause of the disaster was icing of the wing surface. In order to solve the problem of flight safety, the Chinese military attracted Ukrainian specialists from the Yakovlev design bureau to modernize the aircraft. Antonov. In the course of modernization, the system for preventing icing was replaced on the plane, as well as the equipment for the crew to quickly notify about the occurrence of emergency situations on board. Subsequently, it was reported that the measures taken have significantly improved the reliability of the aircraft.
DRLO aircraft KJ-200


It is assumed that the Canadian Pratt and Whitney Canada PW200B Canadian turboprop engines with British Dodi R-150 propellers were installed on the KJ-408 aircraft. He received modern avionics, including the Honeywell navigation system. In addition, the aircraft is equipped with special containers for equipment installed on the top of the tail section, wingtips and in the forward fuselage.

The KJ-200 aircraft has limited capabilities, so it is planned to use it in conjunction with the DRLO KJ-2000 aircraft, which is an adaptation of the Russian A-50 aircraft with a Chinese-made radar. It is assumed that the main patrol pattern will be the following - the KJ-2 3-200 aircraft will patrol a long distance from their “big brother” KJ-2000, transmitting all the information received in real time to the board.

According to the plans of the Chinese military, the aircraft DLROiU KJ-2000, which has significantly greater capabilities and powerful electronic equipment, will process the incoming information and carry out the direct control function aviation connections. Such a two-stage airspace patrol scheme will further increase the target detection range and combat stability of the entire PRC airborne radar system.

Flight specifications Y-8:

Dimensions: wingspan - 38,00 m., Length - 34,02 m., Height - 11,6 m.
Wing area - 121,86 square. m
The mass of the plane is empty - 35 500 kg., The maximum take-off - 61 000 kg.
Payload - 20 000 kg.
Engine type - 4 HDD WJ-6, HP 4250 power. each.
Maximum speed - 660 km / h, cruising speed - 550 km / h.
Practical range - 5615 km.
Practical ceiling - 10 400 m.
Crew - 5, 3 or 2 people on Y-8F-600








Information sources:
http://www.airwar.ru/enc/spy/kj200.html
http://ru-aviation.livejournal.com/2527943.html
http://www.uhlib.ru/transport_i_aviacija/aviacija_i_kosmonavtika_2000_01/p9.php
http://aerosvitva.aero/base/?mode=3&id=9070:Y-8
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  1. gregor6549
    gregor6549 28 February 2013 09: 48
    +3
    About the plane itself. A copy is a copy and it is hard to say how well China has succeeded. But the radar antenna is quite modern and very reminiscent of a similar Ericsson phased array antenna installed on Swedish AWACS. Such an antenna compares favorably in many performance characteristics with rotating antennas installed on American and Russian AWACS aircraft. Those. the Chinese, although they copy but not stupidly, but wisely
    1. VAF
      VAF 28 February 2013 11: 21
      +3
      Quote: gregor6549
      A copy is a copy and it is hard to say how well China has succeeded.


      Gregory, welcome! Here, not much is not true, because this is no longer a copy ... but a licensed assembly according to the manufacturer's specifications, with subsequent deep modernization, again by agreement and technical support of the manufacturer itself.
      So the plane turned out ... gorgeous! good

      The only remark to the author about the payload ... forget about 20 tons once and for all they have never been and never will be on the An-12 or the Chinese 8-ke and 9-ke.

      And if ours could still take off with a maximum weight of 64 tons, then the Chinese only 61!
      And the empty weight is greatly underestimated, the standard is 37 tons, especially since the Chinese have so many "modifications" associated with an increase in weight.
      Refueling (with underground) 21 tons .. that's it and count .. how much you can "shove" the payload! +! wink

      And about the radar ... that's right! drinks
      1. djon3volta
        djon3volta 28 February 2013 11: 42
        -2
        Quote: vaf
        this is no longer a copy ... but a licensed assembly according to the manufacturer's specifications

        why then looks like one on one on the AN-12? Although the assembly is licensed, it’s not their development from scratch!
        Does China have anything developed from scratch in their design bureaus? Or do they only produce pictures and licenses? At the bottom are all the goods that they look suspiciously, I haven’t seen foreign goods similar to Chinese products that the Chinese themselves invented and produced .where not stick, or a copy or under the license. wassat
        1. VAF
          VAF 28 February 2013 12: 08
          +8
          Quote: djon3volta
          why then looks like one on one on the AN-12?


          It seems that he wrote everything in such detail that even for .. "non-aviation" people it should be clear request

          Okay, again, .... not burdensome ... wink

          Assembly and production of a licensed aircraft according to Technical Documentation and Technical Specifications ....... DEVELOPER !!!!

          We still have this documentation at the factories, and Ukrainians were the first to offer us to start production of a new AN-12M, but ours .. as always ... nah..en this is not necessary! wassat

          Quote: djon3volta
          Does China have anything developed from scratch in their design bureaus?


          It's just us .. we learn from our mistakes ...... everyone tries to learn from strangers!

          Look at China 10-15 years ago and today ... what other questions might there be?
          1. djon3volta
            djon3volta 28 February 2013 12: 25
            -4
            Quote: vaf
            Look at China 10-15 years ago and today ... what other questions might there be?

            how to understand what could be the issues? All that we see in China is thought up outside of China.
            here our new PAK YES are being developed, and I’m sure they will do it and it will fly. and this PAK YES will be made from scratch on our old developments as well, but will China be able to use ZERO at least something? or will it be under the licenses of others rivet? we have a school of aircraft building which is more than 100 years old, and China has a school of copying. This does not mean that the Chinese are smart, it means that there are no brains of your own to come up with a ZERO and bring it to the finished model, that’s the whole trick.
            1. Guun
              Guun 28 February 2013 17: 25
              +1
              China is not bad, they try to make their copies as high-quality as possible and therefore take vital details from Russia and HUGE PLUS designers, engineers and so on whom China lured, believe me they don’t regret they need PLA to be pulled up to such a level that no aggressor even I wouldn’t think of attacking it, China has a fresh memory of the Japanese occupation and they learn from their mistakes.
              Quote: djon3volta
              and China has a school of copying. This does not mean that the Chinese are smart, it means that they have no brains to invent and bring to a finished sample from ZERO, that’s the whole trick.

              The USSR and the United States copied and perfected one another, there is nothing wrong with that, only business and nothing personal. Almost all the PLA USSR / Russia equipment - they think better than the rest and therefore take the best from all over the world and now they are building high-quality things, it is brought to us by shopkeepers who fake and give out supposedly as the original, you have not been to China immediately, they have two plants Watchmaking - they make one fake - the second original, for prices and quality that are not worse than European ones - did a poor job - get fired - those who want to get a job there are in a roll, and so the Chinese do EVERYTHING to do their job efficiently even if they make a fake.
      2. Ustin
        Ustin 28 February 2013 15: 30
        +2
        Hello Veteran! An-12 in Aviation is "Kalash". I have 3 of them and there is no distance from Moscow to Irkutsk. The glider has been licked to perfection in 50 years, change motors and avionics and get a super car in your category. China is a "glade". And we are reinventing the wheel again! Our factory once produced these machines. Until now, veterans remember how technologically advanced the plane was, and in terms of its characteristics, "Hercules" would not stand nearby if they were engaged in modernization together with the Antonov Design Bureau. I will simply keep silent, because recently only informal vocabulary. Maybe go on vacation?
        1. Komodo
          Komodo 28 February 2013 15: 43
          +1
          I had a dump truck -Shaanxi.
          Rare homosexual. Looked like normal.
          But it’s impossible to work on it.
          Breaks down. In the end, they changed it to the good old Kamaz.
          So I don’t know how this company makes planes,
          but their vehicles are PPC.
          1. Guun
            Guun 28 February 2013 17: 29
            +1
            They have TWO factories for the production of cars, one makes cheap cars at low prices and not very high quality and the second collects the original and they cost many times more, here's an example Infiniti a good car if you bought not a fake. And we are brought here a cheap penny homo and sold under the guise of the original.
            1. lazy
              lazy 2 March 2013 17: 54
              -1
              they have two factories for the manufacture of watches - they make one fake - the second original and at prices and quality that are not unbeatable in Europe, They have TWO factories for the manufacture of cars, one makes cheap cars at low prices and very high quality and the second collects the original and costs they are many times more expensive, here is an example Infiniti a good car if you bought is not a fake. and they have 2 plants for everything? and what kind of planes do where cheaper or where more expensive? laughing
        2. VAF
          VAF 28 February 2013 15: 52
          +4
          Quote: Ustin
          An-12 in Aviation is "Kalash"


          Strongly welcome +! fellow This is not even discussed .. do you remember the An-8? The same ... handsome!
          At one time we butted with Neradko on .. "adult" .. and about the "prolongation" and modernization, but ..... alas and ahh.

          and I’ve only seen one of you, but beautiful ... well-groomed! good

          1. Ustin
            Ustin 28 February 2013 17: 06
            +2
            Well, An 8, that's something! One "tank" is worth it! At one time, in the early 90s, we carried out the same tank on the factory Tu134, in agreement with the OKB, like "screws so as not to get iced up" - dear were in all ports! Yes, and he himself, as a passenger, flew on one engine for about 2 hours on the An-8, after which, after a successful landing in Bratsk, they talked for a long time "for life" with the commander, using an anti-icing agent ... And the An-12 coloring, when approved, everyone said that they would be removed from work, but nothing happened, and last year even in Farnborough they "lit up"
          2. Ustin
            Ustin 28 February 2013 17: 41
            +1
            For Neradko is a separate topic. At my "factory" I try to bring to l / s, one axiom: "There is a category of people who need to be used no where they will bring more benefit, and where they will be less harm."
            1. VAF
              VAF 28 February 2013 20: 03
              +1
              Quote: Ustin
              There is a category of people who need to be used not where they will bring more benefit, and where they will be less harm. "


              Golden words, +! That's why your "factory" is up and running ... as it should good

              And nga export for myself and, just in case ... 3 types "give out" (this is me for the people who do not know. "

              On an article about our patrol, I posted a comment that the MS-21 was already being transported to Zhukovsky on a .. "pipe"!

              So it will go like this next year already .. Will you "collect"?
              1. Ustin
                Ustin 1 March 2013 03: 06
                0
                We assembled an experimental compartment and transported it to Zhukovsky. There it will be "appreciated" as they can. And we are now in the "Launch" stage according to MC21. The area for new equipment has been freed (it is planned to put a number of stations for automated riveting in the "aggregate"). We rework the documentation and wait conclusions. And we will start collecting "SI" already this year, I hope.
  2. gregor6549
    gregor6549 28 February 2013 12: 21
    +4
    In general, the Chinese do not care deeply about all kinds of ethics. Their task is simple. At any cost, equip their armed forces with weapons and military equipment, allowing the Chinese armed forces to compete on equal terms with the armed forces of any other country or group of countries. And they pursue this task in all righteous and unrighteous ways. At the same time, they do not set the task of making another model of weapons the best in the world. It is enough if it will correspond to a certain average at the moment global level and will be able to be produced in the required quantity with acceptable quality. Given the "enormous" strength of the PRC Armed Forces, the latter factor is far from the last. Moreover, the PRC is well aware that what they managed to do in peacetime is theirs. there may not be a chance to produce something in wartime. By the way, this approach is also copied from the Soviet one. And it is not in vain that the Americans have many types of weapons and military equipment on conservation, which in their performance characteristics do not fit into any modern "gates". It was in the USSR that they first built massively, then they broke it down no less massively, letting billions of rubles and millions of hours of labor of their best scientific engineers and workers go down the drain. I don't want to draw conclusions, they are on the surface
  3. crambol
    crambol 28 February 2013 12: 36
    +1
    Quote: vaf
    So the plane turned out ... gorgeous!


    It's time to forget about the lousy Chinese technique. Poor-quality is consumer goods FOR the northern neighbor! (And high-quality - AGAINST him!)
  4. Algor73
    Algor73 28 February 2013 16: 35
    +4
    Article plus. Set out clearly and clearly. But another thing is also clear - the Chinese of the obsolete An-12 are being modernized, remodeled, re-equipped, and it flies no worse for new developments. And at us (both in Ukraine, and in Russia) everything is copied, the pier is outdated. And they buy foreign equipment. And they have already forgotten how to do their own thing. There are no specials. There’s still enough to work out the mind, but from the series to bring, no longer. Something is wrong here ...
  5. SPIRITofFREEDOM
    SPIRITofFREEDOM 28 February 2013 16: 56
    +1
    The Chinese then finally have a bunch of people fit, especially if they are stacked in piles
    They are maaaaaaaaaaaaaaalenky!
  6. super-vitek
    super-vitek 28 February 2013 21: 42
    0
    In addition to modernization, if I understand correctly, they are still producing it. That is, they have new cars in the fleet that have a decent resource both in terms of airframe and units, but in principle we don’t have anything to upgrade. I don’t know when the last a car of this class, but exactly 20 years ago. I can’t argue about quality, since this concept includes many components from the culture of production to the quality of the ore from which metal is obtained. I think that we need to pay attention to the AN-70. The machine is very promising in every sense. Cooperation on this issue will benefit all of us.