The last winter day reminds all persons of military age who did not have time to pay their military duty that the spring call of 2013 is just around the corner. How much do modern young people want to fulfill their constitutional duty?
Recently, it has become quite active in expressing information related to what is needed to increase the prestige of military service in the Russian army. At the same time, different people who consider themselves experts in this matter, often express diametrically opposed versions. Someone is sure that the Russian army will become truly effective, efficient and attractive to potential recruits only when there is a return to the Soviet option of recruiting troops. Someone thinks that only a contractual basis can be considered a panacea for the security of our state. There are those who say that it is necessary to create an exclusively Russian volunteer army, the very fact that it falls into which recruits or contract soldiers will be considered a great success. A supporter of the idea of creating a volunteer army is, for example, the leader of Russian liberal democrats, Vladimir Zhirinovsky. True, at the same time, Vladimir Volfovich does not give explanations of what exactly is needed in order for the young people to enter the Russian army solely on a voluntary basis, at the call of conscience and at the same time, according to him, they were not afraid to receive a summons from the district military enlistment office . In general, the idea of one of the most extravagant politicians in Russia was voiced, and then, as they say, themselves ...
Based on this, we will try to figure out what the average modern young man really needs in order for him to realize the need to serve the Motherland and at the same time put on his military uniform not as a yoke, but with a full sense of his involvement in the country. and its citizens to the cause.
First you need to turn to the official figures that reveal the number of so-called draft dodgers - that is, young people of military age who do everything to avoid conscription for military service. According to the General Staff, those at the end of 2012, in the Russian Federation, slightly more than 166 thousand people were recorded. This is comparable with the indicators of the appeal itself. True, according to official data, the figure is 18% lower than the 2011 of the year. However, it should be noted that in this case there are several regions where the number of those who evade military service has increased over the past year. Such regions include Chelyabinsk, Penza, Omsk, Samara regions and the Republic of Chuvashia. Strangely enough, one of the best indicators for reducing the number of draft dodgers recorded in Moscow — the number of “mowers”, judging from the reports of the military commissar of the capital, decreased almost 1,5 times compared to 2011 year. Official reports - matter, of course, thin ... However, let us return to the raised question of what our young people need, so that they can join the army readily.
Option 1. Increase of money allowances for recruits.
Proponents of this idea say that the increase in the monetary allowance will stimulate the conscript and force him to treat the army as duties in any other workplace. As they say, an advance payment, a bonus and all that ... On the one hand, a thought is certainly sound, but on the other hand, how to determine which material, say, a bonus can “rationalize” a modern young man and let him know that he is obliged to do his job to protect the borders of his homeland. For one 5 thousand rubles - an option, and the other - and 50 TR will consider a payment misunderstanding. But even if you decide on the average option, this will not mean at all that all the drafters, without exception, will fulfill the duties assigned to them with the same zeal. This time. And who will give 100 today a% guarantee that all these “increased amounts of money allowances” will reach exclusively to the draftee, and they will start walking in the pockets of, let's say, other interested parties. These are two.
In the end, the translation itself of the call-up service on the money rails automatically turns into a peculiar variant of the contract service - a service for material interest. A kind of nonsense in the form of "recruit-mercenary." And about the effectiveness of the service of the mercenaries can be a very long time to argue.
So, will our army turn from the introduction of such an innovation into a kind of OJSC Armed Forces? .. The big question.
Option 2. Non-admission of refusers to high state posts in the future.
This innovation has already been accepted. However, is there a department in our country that has the right to determine who is a refusal and who “just did not work with the army”. After all, at the level of the notorious corruption that exists today, anyone can get the diagnosis they need, which is unlikely to be checked at first. And if it does not arise at the beginning, then it will certainly be too late: as they say, the ends are in the water, played away ... A government official with scoliosis or poor eyesight is no option to circumvent this sound, at first glance, initiative.
Option 3. Completely rid the army of non-mastering.
But this is again all at the level of a beautiful slogan. After all, in fact, the presence or absence of non-statutory relations is not determined at all by the directives of the General Staff, but directly by the officers who work with the rank and file. It’s one thing when the non-statutory relations in the army need to be burned out with a hot iron, the general from Moscow says, and it’s quite another when a specific officer will take care of the order in the unit entrusted to him. In which case the effectiveness of more? Right! - You can turn off the General on TV ... And it is obligatory to oblige all current officers without exception to follow the path of the indispensable eradication of non-statutory relations in the army - utopia ... It’s not necessary to oblige, and, as they say, from the student’s bench, I'm sorry, to hammer in .
Option 4. As a number of our fellow citizens propose: to get rid of the oligarchs, to create a people's government, and that’s when young people will rush into the ranks of the Russian army — certainly voluntarily.
Usually, those gentlemen who at the moment are in a state of “repose” like to talk like that ... I don’t go for the sake of “your” Abramovich with Deripaska and various Vekselbergs to protect the border ... The argument is, of course, entertaining, but obviously from the category “so that to think of something else, so that you can sit out behind other people's backs for 27 ”. So, to those gentlemen who think precisely with these paradigms, I would like to say: the security of Deripaska and other Abramovich with their financial livability is, apparently, an absolute phenomenon (you will pass urgent or not), which cannot be said about yourself and your Relatives, when in your school (as in Beslan), in your hospital (as in Budennovsk), in your theater (as in Dubrovka) non-humans suddenly break in who have a different view on the value of your life ...
Ah, yes ... People's government ... Well, who are we kidding here? .. Only if we are ourselves. And we had it in 1812, when the Russian army drove the French across Smolenka? Perhaps the people were in power in 1791 or 1878, when the strength of the Russian weapons experienced the Turks? Well, just that no episode of stories Russia, the only people's governments figure ...
It turns out that the increase in the prestige of the service can not be directly related either to money or to the variant of the political system or to the statements of high military officials. All these things are in fact transitory. The prestige of service and the interest of young people in it should be brought up, as they say, from young nails. Let it sound a bit pompous, but when the young man in elementary school begins to be frightened by “army horror stories,” what prestige are we talking about? It is necessary to realize that the army is not a separate matter steaming in its own juice, but one of the social forms, and therefore it is pointless to consider its development outside the context of the development of the public.
How to make military service attractive? (incomplete collection of options)
- Alexei Volodin
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